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1.
Int Braz J Urol ; 482022 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861538

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The therapeutic role of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) in prostate cancer (PCa) is unknown due to absence of randomized trials. OBJECTIVE: to present a critical review on the therapeutic benefits of PLND in high risk localized PCa patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of the literature on PLND was performed using PubMed, Cochrane, and Medline database. Articles obtained regarding diagnostic imaging and sentinel lymph node dissection, PLND extension, impact of PLND on survival, PLND in node positive "only" disease and PLND surgical risks were critically reviewed. RESULTS: High-risk PCa commonly develops metastases. In these patients, the possibility of presenting lymph node disease is high. Thus, extended PLND during radical prostatectomy may be recommended in selected patients with localized high-risk PCa for both accurate staging and therapeutic intent. Although recent advances in detecting patients with lymph node involvement (LNI) with novel imaging and sentinel node dissection, extended PLND continues to be the most accurate method to stage lymph node disease, which may be related to the number of nodes removed. However, extended PLND increases surgical time, with potential impact on perioperative complications, hospital length of stay, rehospitalization and healthcare costs. Controversy persists on its therapeutic benefit, particularly in patients with high node burden. CONCLUSION: The impact of PLND on biochemical recurrence and PCa survival is unclear yet. Selection of patients may benefit from extended PLND but the challenge remains to identify them accurately. Only prospective randomized study would answer the precise role of PLND in high-risk pelvis confined PCa patients.

2.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(7): 36, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34031793

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To compare laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) performed in two European tertiary centers using the classic optimal surgical definition - "MIC" - and a new optimal surgical definition: the "Novel TRIFECTA" (NT) concept. We sought to strengthen the PN evidence and to test the NT's performance. RECENT FINDINGS: The study population comprehended 505 cases of localized kidney cancer from two tertiary centers between 2012 and 2019. The NT achievement was higher in the RAPN group when compared to LPN (70.5 vs. 87.4%; p = 0.004), while no differences were found when considering the MIC criteria. Also, a similar high-grade complications rate (Clavien-Dindo > III) and operative time (105 min vs. 100 min; p = NS) were found. In the multivariable regression, the RAPN approach was a predictor of NT achievement (OR 2.45; p = 0.008). NT achievement was higher in the RAPN group, while similar results were found when evaluating the MIC criteria. The NT definition could be more sensitive to the individual-specific responses related to the PN.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 472021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003610

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common oncologic disease among men. Radical treatment with curative intent provides good oncological results for PCa survivors, although definitive therapy is associated with significant number of serious side-effects. In modern-era of medicine tissue-sparing techniques, such as focal HIFU, have been proposed for PCa patients in order to provide cancer control equivalent to the standard-of-care procedures while reducing morbidities and complications. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the available evidence about focal HIFU therapy as a primary treatment for localized PCa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature review of focal HIFU therapy in the MEDLINE database (PROSPERO: CRD42021235581). Articles published in the English language between 2010 and 2020 with more than 50 patients were included. RESULTS: Clinically significant in-field recurrence and out-of-field progression were detected to 22% and 29% PCa patients, respectively. Higher ISUP grade group, more positive cores at biopsy and bilateral disease were identified as the main risk factors for disease recurrence. The most common strategy for recurrence management was definitive therapy. Six months after focal HIFU therapy 98% of patients were totally continent and 80% of patients retained sufficient erections for sexual intercourse. The majority of complications presented in the early postoperative period and were classified as low-grade. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights that focal HIFU therapy appears to be a safe procedure, while short-term cancer control rate is encouraging. Though, second-line treatment or active surveillance seems to be necessary in a significant number of patients.

4.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039652

RESUMO

The complement system is a powerful and druggable innate immune component of the tumor microenvironment. Nevertheless, it is challenging to elucidate the exact mechanisms by which complement affects tumor growth. In this study, we examined the processes by which the master complement regulator Factor H (FH) affects clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and lung cancer, two cancers in which complement overactivation predicts poor prognosis. FH was present in two distinct cellular compartments: the membranous (mb-FH) and intracellular (int-FH) compartments. Int-FH resided in lysosomes and colocalized with C3. In ccRCC and lung adenocarcinoma FH exerted protumoral action through an intracellular, noncanonical mechanism. FH silencing in ccRCC cell lines resulted in decreased proliferation, due to cell cycle arrest and increased mortality, and this was associated with increased p53 phosphorylation and NF-κB translocation to the nucleus. Moreover, the migration of the FH-silenced cells was reduced, likely due to altered morphology. These effects were cell type-specific since no modifications occurred upon CFH silencing in other FH-expressing cells tested: tubular cells (from which ccRCC originates), endothelial cells (HUVECs) and squamous cell lung cancer cells. Consistent with this, in ccRCC and lung adenocarcinoma, but not in lung squamous cell carcinoma, int-FH conferred poor prognosis in patient cohorts. Mb-FH performed its canonical function of complement regulation but had no impact on tumor cell phenotype or patient survival. The discovery of intracellular functions for FH redefines the role of the protein in tumor progression and its use as a prognostic biomarker or potential therapeutic target.

5.
Cancer Immunol Res ; 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34039653

RESUMO

The complement system plays a complex role in cancer. In clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), local production of complement proteins drives tumor progression, but the mechanisms by which they do this are poorly understood. We found that complement activation, as reflected by high plasma C4d or as C4d deposits at the tumor site, was associated with poor prognosis in 2 cohorts of patients with ccRCC. High expression of the C4-activating enzyme C1s by tumor cells was associated with poor prognosis in 3 cohorts. Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that the prognostic value of C1s was independent from complement deposits, suggesting the possibility of complement cascade-unrelated, pro-tumoral functions for C1s. Silencing of C1s in cancer cell lines resulted in decreased proliferation and viability of the cells and in increased activation of T cells in in vitro co-cultures. Tumors expressing high levels of C1s showed high infiltration of macrophages and T cells. Modification of the tumor cell phenotype and T-cell activation were independent of extracellular C1s levels, suggesting that C1s was acting in an intracellular, non-canonical manner. In conclusion, our data point to C1s playing a dual role in promoting ccRCC progression by triggering complement activation and by modulating the tumor cell phenotype and tumor microenvironment in a complement cascade-independent, non-canonical manner. Overexpression of C1s by tumor cells could be a new escape mechanism to promote tumor progression.

6.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, only one trial compared focal therapy and active surveillance (AS) for low-risk prostate cancer (PCa). In addition, long-term outcomes of focal cryotherapy (FC) are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate long-term outcomes of FC and compare them with AS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We included two prospective series of 121 (FC) and 459 (AS) consecutive patients (2008-2018) for low- to intermediate-risk PCa. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Study outcomes were radical therapy-free or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)-free, any treatment-free, metastasis-free, and overall survival. A matched pair analysis was performed using seven covariates. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The median FC follow-up was 85 mo (interquartile range 58-104); 92 (76%) men had International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade 1. Among matched variables, no significant differences were present except for cT stage and year of entry (both p < 0.01). Ten-year radical therapy-free or ADT-free, any treatment-free, metastasis-free, and overall survival were 51%, 40.2%, 93.9%, and 97%, respectively for FC. No differences were noted with AS (all p > 0.05), with the exception of time to radical therapy, time to radical therapy and ADT, and time to any treatment, all being shorter for AS (all p < 0.01). Freedom from radical treatment or ADT was higher for FC (AS 10 yr 39.3%; p = 0.04). Complications were relatively rare (26.5%) and mainly of low grade (Clavien >2, n = 3); three men developed incontinence (p = 0.0814), while both International Index of Erectile Function 5 and International Prostate Symptom Score scores increased (p = 0.0287 and p = 0.0165, respectively). Limitations include absence of randomization. CONCLUSIONS: At an early long-term follow-up, FC in the context of mainly low-risk PCa is safe and increases time to radical therapy but does not provide meaningful oncological advantages compared with AS. PATIENT SUMMARY: We compared focal cryotherapy with active surveillance mainly for low-risk prostate cancer. Focal cryotherapy, despite having fewer complications, did not yield meaningful advantages over active surveillance at 10 yr. Active surveillance should be preferred to focal cryotherapy for these patients.

7.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000001787, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890485

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess whether PCa location might affect oncological outcomes after focal therapy (FT) for prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 274 men receiving FT for prostate cancer (PCa) using either HIFU or cryotherapy at a high volume centre between 2009 to 2018. Survival analyses using Kaplan Meier method were used to assess the any additional treatment and radical treatment rates according to PCa location. Propensity-score match analysis was used to compare oncological outcomes of HIFU vs cryotherapy according to PCa location. Covariates were PSA, clinical stage, prostate volume, Gleason score, maximum cancer core length, percentage of positive cores and treatment modality. RESULTS: 166 and 108 men received FT with HIFU and cryotherapy, respectively. Overall, 39% (106) and 31% (85) received at least an additional treatment and a radical treatment after FT, respectively, with a median follow-up of 51 months. The 36-months any additional treatment-free survival was 71%, 75%, and 69% for patient with basal, mid-prostate and apical disease respectively (p=0.7). At MVA PCa location was not significantly associated with higher risk of either any additional treatment or radical treatment (all p >0.4). After matching, there was no difference between HIFU vs cryotherapy in terms of any additional treatment rates according to PCa location. CONCLUSIONS: The PCa location does not significantly affect the rate of failure after FT. The presence of an apical lesion should not be considered an exclusion criteria for FT. Both HIFU and cryotherapy likely achieve similar medium-term oncological results regardless of PCa location.

10.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762475

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate whether clinical and biological preoperative characteristics of patients who were to undergo radical prostatectomy were associated with impairment in patient-reported quality of life (QoL) and erectile dysfunction immediately before intervention. We evaluated patient-reported outcomes among 1019 patients (out of 1343) of the AndroCan study, willing to score the Aging Male Symptom (AMS) and the International Index of Erectile Function 5-item (IIEF-5) auto-questionnaires. Univariate linear regression and robust multiple regression were used to ascertain the relationship between demographic, clinical, and hormonal parameters and global AMS or IIEF-5 scores. As a result, most patients (85.1') of the Androcan cohort agreed to complete questionnaires. Significantly higher IIEF-5 global scores were found in non-Caucasian and obese patients, with larger waist circumference, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, high blood sugar, concomitant medications, and hypogonadism, while the AMS global score was significantly higher in patients with larger waist circumference, metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, raised glycemia, and concomitant medication. The IIEF-5 global score was correlated to age, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), fat mass percentage, and androstenediol (D5). The AMS global score was significantly correlated to DHEA, D5, and DHEA sulfate. Finally, the multivariate models showed that QoL and erectile function were significantly affected, before surgery, by symptoms and signs that are usually considered as pertaining to the metabolic syndrome, while sexual hormones are essentially correlated to erectile dysfunction.

11.
World J Urol ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521883

RESUMO

PURPOSE: PSA is known to be lowered in obese patients. There is a lack of data regarding patients with prostate cancer. Our objective was to prospectively assess the relationship PSA concentration, PSA mass and BMI in a cohort of patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was conducted including patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Clinical and biological data were collected for each patient before surgery. RESULTS: A total of 1343 patients were analyzed. Mean age was 64.0 years. Mean weight was 82.2 kg and mean BMI was 26.8 kg/m2. Mean PSA concentration was 8.7 ng/mL and mean PSA mass 29.3 ng. On univariate analysis, an association was found between PSA mass and either BMI, weight and waist circumference. No association was found between PSA concentration and each weight parameters. On multivariate analysis, obesity was not an independent predictor of PSA concentration (p = 0.73). Independent predictors of PSA concentration were cardiovascular disease (negative association, p = 0.034), predominant Gleason 4 (positive association, p < 0.001) and pT3a (positive association, p < 0.001). BMI was an independent predictor of PSA mass (positive association, p = 0.009). PSA mass was negatively associated with TT (p = 0.015) and cardiovascular disease (p = 0.003), and positively associated with BT (p = 0.032), Gleason grade ≥ 4 + 3 (p < 0.001) and pT3a (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this prospective study of patients with localized prostate cancer, higher BMI was associated with higher PSA mass but not with higher PSA concentration. Screening obese patients with a specific PSA method does not appear to be critical.

12.
Pract Radiat Oncol ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Focal brachytherapy (F-BT) is a suitable technique for focal therapy in localized prostate cancer. It has the ability to adapt the seed implantation to the volume and location of the tumor. The aim of this study was to assess F-BT oncologic, functional, and toxicity midterm outcomes in men who underwent prostate cancer treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study included 39 men with low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer treated with F-BT between 2010 and 2015. The dose prescription was 145 Gy. Failure was defined as the presence of any residual prostate cancer in the treated area. The primary and secondary endpoints were the F-BT oncologic and functional outcomes, respectively. A 2-sided P value < .05 indicated statistical significance. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 65 months (range, 43-104 months). After 24 months, 34 patients underwent control biopsies and 5 patients refused. The biopsies were negative in 27 cases (79%) and positive in 7 cases (21%), all outside the volume treated. Biochemical relapse-free survival at 5 years, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 96.8% ± 0.032%, 79.5% ± 0.076%, and 100%, respectively. The mean International Prostate Symptom Score at 2 months was significantly higher than initially (P = .0003), with no significant difference later. No late urinary, sexual, or rectal toxicity was observed. Salvage treatment was possible with good tolerance at 3.4 years of follow-up. Limitations of this study include the retrospective nature and lack of randomization. CONCLUSIONS: F-BT is a safe and effective treatment for selected patients presenting with low- or intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer.

13.
Minerva Urol Nefrol ; 2021 01 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal Therapy (FT) for Prostate Cancer (PCa) is promising. However, long-term oncological results are awaited and there is no consensus on follow-up strategies. Molecular biomarkers (MB) may be useful in selecting, treating and following up men undergoing FT, though there is limited evidence in this field to guide practice. We aimed to conduct a consensus meeting, endorsed by the Focal Therapy Society, amongst a large group of experts, to understand the potential utility of MB in FT for localised PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-item questionnaire was built following a literature search. The authors then performed three rounds of a Delphi Consensus using DelphiManager, using the GRADE grid scoring system, followed by a face-to-face expert meeting. Three areas of interest were identified and covered concerning MB for FT, i) the current/present role; ii) the potential/future role; iii) the recommended features for future studies. Consensus was defined using a 70% agreement threshold. RESULTS: Of 95 invited experts, 42 (44.2%) completed the three Delphi rounds. Twenty-four items reached a consensus and they were then approved at the meeting involving (n=15) experts. Fourteen items reached a consensus on uncertainty, or they did not reach a consensus. They were re-discussed, resulting in a consensus (n=3), a consensus on a partial agreement (n=1), and a consensus on uncertainty (n=10). A final list of statements were derived from the approved and discussed items, with the addition of three generated statements, to provide guidance regarding MB in the context of FT for localised PCa. Research efforts in this field should be considered a priority. CONCLUSIONS: The present study detailed an initial consensus on the use of MB in FT for PCa. This is until evidence becomes available on the subject.

14.
J Urol ; 205(1): 129-136, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119421

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Focal instead of whole gland ablation for prostate cancer has been proposed to decrease treatment morbidity. We sought to determine differences in erectile function and urinary continence after focal and whole gland ablation for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2009 to 2018, 346 patients underwent high intensity focused ultrasound or cryotherapy for prostate cancer. Urinary continence was defined as use of no pads and sexual potency as enough erection for sexual penetration. Logistic regressions to treatment groups and covariates age, prostate specific antigen, International Society of Urological Pathology grading, prostate volume and energy modality were performed to access the effect of focal therapy in sexual potency and urinary continence after 3 and 12 months. IIEF-5 (International Index of Erectile Function) and I-PSS (International Prostate Symptom Score) questionnaires were evaluated. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for potential baseline differences between groups. RESULTS: After exclusion, 195 post-focal therapy and 105 post-whole gland therapy patients were included in analysis. No significant difference was seen in baseline I-PSS and IIEF-5 scores. In multivariate models focal therapy was the most important factor related to sexual potency at 3 (OR 7.7) and 12 months (OR 3.9). Median IIEF-5 score at 3 months was 12 and 5 (p <0.001), and at 12 months was 13 and 9 (p=0.04) in focal therapy and whole gland therapy groups, respectively. Focal therapy was the only factor related to continence (OR 0.7, p <0.001). Results remained significant after propensity score matching. CONCLUSIONS: Focal ablation instead of whole gland therapy is the most important factor related to better sexual and urinary continence recovery after high intensity focused ultrasound and cryotherapy for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Erétil/diagnóstico , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Ablação/métodos , Idoso , Criocirurgia/métodos , Disfunção Erétil/epidemiologia , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/prevenção & controle , Seguimentos , Ablação por Ultrassom Focalizado de Alta Intensidade/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Próstata/patologia , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 984-992, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134246

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background Focal therapy (FT) for localized prostate cancer (PCa) treatment is raising interest. New technological mpMRI-US guided FT devices have never been compared with the previous generation of ultrasound-only guided devices. Materials and Methods We retrospectively analyzed prospectively recorded data of men undergoing FT for localized low- or intermediate-risk PCa with US- (Ablatherm®-2009 to 2014) or mpMRI-US (Focal One®-from 2014) guided HIFU. Follow-up visits and data were collected using internationally validated questionnaires at 1, 2, 3, 6 and 12 months. Results We included n=88 US-guided FT HIFU and n=52 mpMRI-US guided FT HIFU respectively. No major baseline differences were present except higher rates of Gleason 3+4 for the mpMRI-US group. No major differences were present in hospital stay (p=0.1), catheterization time (p=0.5) and complications (p=0.2) although these tended to be lower in the mpMRI-US group (6.8% versus 13.2% US FT group). At 3 months mpMRI-US guided HIFU had significantly lower urine leak (5.1% vs. 15.9%, p=0.04) and a lower drop in IIEF scores (2 vs. 4.2, p=0.07). Of those undergoing 12-months control biopsy in the mpMRI-US-guided HIFU group, 26% had residual cancer in the treated lobe. Conclusion HIFU FT guided by MRI-US fusion may allow improved functional outcomes and fewer complications compared to US- guided HIFU FT alone. Further analysis is needed to confirm benefits of mpMRI implementation at a longer follow-up and on a larger cohort of patients.

18.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A prospective randomized trial (LEA AUO AB 25/02) found no survival benefit in extended compared with limited pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) templates in bladder cancer (BCa) patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC). However, the rate of lymph node invasion (LNI) in the standard and extended templates was lower than estimated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of preoperative clinical and pathological parameters to predict LNI and to develop a model to preoperatively select candidates for the extended PLND templates. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 903 BCa patients treated at a single institution were retrospectively identified. The primary outcome was to identify preoperatively the risk of LNI to tailor the type of PLND. The extended PLND templates consisted in the removal of pelvic lymph nodes together with the common iliac, presacral, para-aortocaval, interaortocaval, and paracaval sites up to the inferior mesenteric artery. INTERVENTION: A total of 903 BCa patients were treated with RC and bilateral extended PLND templates. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Several models predicting LNI were evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), calibration plots and decision curve analyses. A nomogram predicting LNI in the extended pattern was developed and validated internally. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Overall, 55 patients (6.1%) had LNI in the extended PLND templates at RC. The median number of nodes removed was 19 (interquartile range: 13-26). A model including age, clinical T stage, clinical node stage, lymphovascular invasion, and presence of carcinoma in situ at the last transurethral resection before RC was developed. The AUC of this model is 73%. Using a cutoff of 3%, 108 extended PLNDs (12%) would be spared and only two LNIs (3%) would be missed. The main limitations of our model are the retrospective nature of the data, lack of external validation, and low rate of LNI. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first proposed model to predict LNI in the extended PLND templates. This model might help urologists identify which patients might benefit from an extended PLND at the time of RC, reserving a standard PLND for all the others. PATIENT SUMMARY: We developed the first nomogram to predict lymph node invasion (LNI) in the extended pelvic lymph node dissection templates in bladder cancer patients treated with radical cystectomy. The adoption of our model to identify candidates for the extended pelvic lymph node dissection templates could avoid up to 12% of these procedures at the cost of missing only 3% of patients with LNI.

19.
J Urol ; : 101097JU0000000000001382, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the toxicity profile and oncological outcome of salvage radical prostatectomy (SRP) following focal therapy (FT) versus SRP after radiation therapies (RT) - external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or brachytherapy (BT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data concerning all men undergoing SRP for recurrent prostate cancer after either FT, EBRT or BT were retrospectively collected from 4 high volume surgical centres. The primary outcome measure of the study was toxicity of SRP characterized by any 30-day post-operative Clavien-Dindo complication rate, 12-month continence rate and 12-month potency rate. The secondary outcome was oncological outcome after SRP including positive margin rate and 12-month biochemical recurrence (BCR) rate. BCR was estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods and significant differences were calculated using a log rank test. Median follow-up time was 29.5 months. RESULTS: Between April 2007 and September 2018, 185 patients underwent SRP of which 95 had SRP after FT and 90 had SRP after RT, either EBRT or BT. SRP after RT was associated with a significantly higher 30-day Clavien-Dindo I-IV complication rate (34% vs 5%, p<0.001). At 12 months following surgery, patients undergoing SRP after FT had significantly better continence (SRP after FT:83% pad-free vs RT:49%) while potency outcomes were similar (FT:14% vs RT:11%). Men undergoing SRP after RT had a significantly higher stage and grade of disease together with a higher positive surgical margin rate (37% vs 13%, p=0.001). 3-year BCR after FT was 35% compared to 32% after RT, p=0.76. In multivariable analysis, men undergoing SRP after FT experienced a higher risk of BCR (HR 0.36 [0.18-0.82], p<0.005). CONCLUSIONS: This multicentre study demonstrates the toxicity of SRP in terms of perioperative complications and long-term urinary continence recovery is dependent on initial primary prostate cancer therapy received with men undergoing SRP after FT experiencing lower postoperative complication rates and better urinary continence outcomes.

20.
Turk J Urol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052840

RESUMO

This review provides an overview of the available ablative options for prostate cancer (PCa) management. It contemplates the ablative concepts and the role of prostate ablation in different settings, from primary treatment to repeat ablation, and as an alternative to radiorecurrent disease. Improvements in prostate imaging have allowed us to ablate prostate lesions through thermal, mechanical, and vascular-targeted sources of energy. Partial gland ablation (PGA) has an emerging role in the management of localized PCa because toxicity outcomes have been proven less harmful compared with whole-gland treatments. Although long-term oncological outcomes are yet to be consolidated in comparative studies, recent large series and prospective studies in PGA have reported encouraging results. A second ablation after disease recurrence has demonstrated low toxicity, and future studies must define its potential to avoid radical treatments. PGA is an attractive option for PCa management in different scenarios because of its low-toxicity profile. As expected, recurrence rates are higher than those seen in whole-gland procedures. Long-term oncological outcomes of primary and salvage options are required to endorse it among the standard treatments.

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