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1.
J Rheumatol ; 46(10): 1299-1308, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of remission and low disease activity state (LDAS) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Three disease activity states were defined: Remission = SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) = 0 and prednisone ≤ 5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (maintenance dose); LDAS = SLEDAI ≤ 4, prednisone ≤ 7.5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (maintenance dose); and non-optimally controlled state = SLEDAI > 4 and/or prednisone > 7.5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (induction dose). Antimalarials were allowed in all groups. Patients with at least 2 SLEDAI reported and not optimally controlled at entry were included in these analyses. Outcomes were remission and LDAS. Multivariable Cox regression models (stepwise selection procedure) were performed for remission and for LDAS. RESULTS: Of 1480 patients, 902 were non-optimally controlled at entry; among them, 196 patients achieved remission (21.7%) and 314 achieved LDAS (34.8%). Variables predictive of a higher probability of remission were the absence of mucocutaneous manifestations (HR 1.571, 95% CI 1.064-2.320), absence of renal involvement (HR 1.487, 95% CI 1.067-2.073), and absence of hematologic involvement (HR 1.354, 95% CI 1.005-1.825); the use of immunosuppressive drugs before the baseline visit (HR 1.468, 95% CI 1.025-2.105); and a lower SLEDAI score at entry (HR 1.028, 95% CI 1.006-1.051 per 1-unit decrease). These variables were predictive of LDAS: older age at entry, per 5-year increase (HR 1.050, 95% CI 1.004-1.098); absence of mucocutaneous manifestations (HR 1.401, 95% CI 1.016-1.930) and renal involvement (HR 1.344, 95% CI 1.049-1.721); and lower SLEDAI score at entry (HR 1.025, 95% CI 1.009-1.042). CONCLUSION: Absence of mucocutaneous, renal, and hematologic involvement, use of immunosuppressive drugs, and lower disease activity early in the course of the disease were predictive of remission in patients with SLE; older age was predictive of LDAS.

2.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(3): 6-10, set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-977290

RESUMO

Objetivos: Estimar el efecto de los antimaláricos (AM) sobre los diferentes dominios del índice de daño SLICC (SDI). Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes con diagnóstico clínico reciente (≤2 años) de lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) de la cohorte GLADEL. Variable de estudio: aumento en los dominios del SDI desde el ingreso a la cohorte. Variables independientes: características sociodemográficas, clínicas, laboratorio y tratamientos. El efecto de los AM, como variable dependiente del tiempo, sobre los dominios más frecuentes del SDI (ajustado por factores de confusión) fue examinado con un modelo de regresión de Cox multivariado. Resultados: De 1466 pacientes estudiados, 1049 (72%) recibieron AM con un tiempo medio de exposición de 30 meses (Q1-Q3: 11-57) y 665 pacientes (45%) presentaron daño durante un seguimiento medio de 24 meses (Q1-Q3: 8-55); 301 eventos fueron cutáneos, 208 renales, 149 neuropsiquiátricos, 98 musculoesqueléticos, 88 cardiovasculares y 230 otros. Después de ajustar por factores de confusión, el uso de AM se asoció a un menor riesgo de daño renal (HR 0,652; IC 95%: 0,472-0,901) y en el límite de la significancia estadística (HR 0,701, IC 95%: 0,481-1,024) para el dominio neuropsiquiátrico. Conclusión: En GLADEL, el uso de AM se asoció independientemente a un menor riesgo de daño acumulado renal.


Objective: To assess the effects of antimalarials (AM) over the items of the SLICC Damage Index (SDI). Methods: Patients with recent (≤2 years) diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from the GLADEL cohort were studied. End-point: increase in items SDI since cohort entry. Independent variables (socio-demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment) were included. The effect of AM as a time dependent variable on most frequent SDI items (adjusting for potential confounders) was examined with a multivariable Cox regression model. Results: Of the 1466 patients included in this analysis, 1049 (72%) received AM with a median exposure time of 30 months (Q1-Q3: 11-57). Damage occurred in 665 (45%) patients during a median follow-up time of 24 months (Q1-Q3: 8-55). There were 301 integument, 208 renal, 149 neuropsychiatric, 98 musculoskeletal, 88 cardiovascular and 230 others less frequently represented damages. After adjusting for potential confounders at any time during follow-up, a lower risk of renal damage (HR 0.652; 95% CI: 0.472-0.901) and borderline for neuropsychiatric damage (HR 0.701, 95% CI: 0.481-1.024) was found. Conclusion: In the GLADEL cohort, after adjustment for possible confounding factors, AM were independently associated with a reduced risk of renal damage accrual.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Antimaláricos
3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(11): 1549-1557, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045853

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex and heterogeneous autoimmune disease, represents a significant challenge for both diagnosis and treatment. Patients with SLE in Latin America face special problems that should be considered when therapeutic guidelines are developed. The objective of the study is to develop clinical practice guidelines for Latin American patients with lupus. Two independent teams (rheumatologists with experience in lupus management and methodologists) had an initial meeting in Panama City, Panama, in April 2016. They selected a list of questions for the clinical problems most commonly seen in Latin American patients with SLE. These were addressed with the best available evidence and summarised in a standardised format following the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. All preliminary findings were discussed in a second face-to-face meeting in Washington, DC, in November 2016. As a result, nine organ/system sections are presented with the main findings; an 'overarching' treatment approach was added. Special emphasis was made on regional implementation issues. Best pharmacologic options were examined for musculoskeletal, mucocutaneous, kidney, cardiac, pulmonary, neuropsychiatric, haematological manifestations and the antiphospholipid syndrome. The roles of main therapeutic options (ie, glucocorticoids, antimalarials, immunosuppressant agents, therapeutic plasma exchange, belimumab, rituximab, abatacept, low-dose aspirin and anticoagulants) were summarised in each section. In all cases, benefits and harms, certainty of the evidence, values and preferences, feasibility, acceptability and equity issues were considered to produce a recommendation with special focus on ethnic and socioeconomic aspects. Guidelines for Latin American patients with lupus have been developed and could be used in similar settings.

5.
J Rheumatol ; 44(12): 1804-1812, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29093158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define whether Amerindian genetic ancestry correlates with clinical and therapeutic variables in admixed individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from Latin America. METHODS: Patients with RA (n = 1347) and healthy controls (n = 1012) from Argentina, Mexico, Chile, and Peru were included. Samples were genotyped for the Immunochip v1 using the Illumina platform. Clinical data were obtained through interviews or the clinical history. RESULTS: Percentage of Amerindian ancestry was comparable between cases and controls. Morning stiffness (p < 0.0001, OR 0.05), rheumatoid factor (RF; p < 0.0001, OR 0.22), radiographic changes (p < 0.0001, OR 0.05), and higher number of criteria were associated with lower Amerindian ancestry after Bonferroni correction. Higher Amerindian ancestry correlated only with weight loss (pBonferroni < 0.0001, OR 2.85). Increased Amerindian ancestry correlated with higher doses of azathioprine (p < 0.0001, OR 163.6) and sulfasalazine (p < 0.0001, OR 48.6), and inversely with methotrexate (p = 0.001, OR 0.35), leflunomide (p = 0.001, OR 0.16), and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (pBonferroni = 0.001, OR 0.37). Only the presence of RF and weight loss were modified after confounders adjustment. CONCLUSION: Amerindian ancestry protects against most major clinical criteria of RA, but regarding the association of RF with increased European ancestry, age, sex, and smoking are modifiers. Ancestry also correlates with the therapeutic profiles.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Genótipo , Fator Reumatoide/genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Alelos , Argentina , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos , Índios Sul-Americanos , Isoxazóis/uso terapêutico , Leflunomida , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru , Radiografia , Fatores Sexuais , Sulfassalazina/uso terapêutico
6.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(12): 2071-2074, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28939626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disease activity statuses' (DAS') impact on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four DAS were defined: remission off-therapy: SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)=0, no prednisone or immunosuppressive drugs (IS); remission on-therapy: SLEDAI=0, prednisone ≤5 mg/day and/or IS (maintenance); low (L) DAS: SLEDAI ≤4, prednisone ≤7.5 mg/day and/or IS (maintenance); non-optimally controlled: SLEDAI >4 and/or prednisone >7.5 mg/day and/or IS (induction). Antimalarials were allowed in all. Predefined outcomes were mortality, new damage (increase of at least one Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) damage index (SDI) point) and severe new damage (increase of at least 3 SDI points). Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were performed to define the impact of DAS, as time-dependent variable, on these outcomes. RESULTS: 1350 patients were included, 79 died during follow-up, 606 presented new and 177 severe new damage. In multivariable analyses, remission (on/off-therapy) was associated with a lower risk of new (HR 0.60; 95% CI 0.43 to 0.85), and of severe new damage (HR 0.32; 95% CI 0.15 to 0.68); low disease activity status (LDAS) was associated with a lower risk of new damage (HR 0.66; 95% CI 0.48 to 0.93) compared with non-optimally controlled. No significant effect on mortality was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Remission was associated with a lower risk of new and severe new damage; LDAS with a lower risk of new damage after adjusting for other damage confounders.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/mortalidade , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 35 Suppl 103(1): 55-58, 2017 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28229825

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis (GN) is considered "pauci-immune" with absent or mild glomerular tuft staining for immunoglobulin (Ig) and/or complement. However, it is not unusual to see some immune deposits (ID) within glomeruli on immunofluorescence (IF). We determined to evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of immune deposits in ANCA-associated GN. METHODS: We included all patients with ANCA associated vasculitis with renal biopsies between January 2002 and May 2014: granulomatosis with polyangiitis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, microscopic polyangiitis and renal limited vasculitis. Patients were divided into Group A: biopsy without ID (≤2+ intensity of immunostaining) and Group B: biopsy with ID (>2+ intensity of immunostaining). Serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at time of the biopsy, amount of proteinuria and hematuria, requirement of dialysis and extra renal involvement were recorded. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (75.4% females) were included. Mean age at biopsy was 66.3 years. Typical pauci-immune GN was found in 39 patients (73.5%, group A). In 14 patients (26.4%, group B) examination revealed substantial deposition of Ig or complement in the mesangium and/or along the glomerular capillary wall. The only difference comparing both groups was significantly higher proteinuria in group B (mean 1.6/24 h (SD: 10.7) vs. 0.8/24 h (SD: 7.6), p=0.0036). CONCLUSIONS: In ANCA GN at least a quarter of patients were not "pauci-immune" (26.4%). In this subgroup, immune deposits were only associated with a significantly higher proteinuria. Further basic and clinical research is needed to elucidate the significance of immune deposition in ANCA GN.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/análise , Glomerulonefrite/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Glomérulos Renais/imunologia , Idoso , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/diagnóstico , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/epidemiologia , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/fisiopatologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glomerulonefrite/diagnóstico , Glomerulonefrite/epidemiologia , Glomerulonefrite/fisiopatologia , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/epidemiologia , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/imunologia , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/epidemiologia , Hematúria/imunologia , Humanos , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Poliangiite Microscópica/diagnóstico , Poliangiite Microscópica/epidemiologia , Poliangiite Microscópica/imunologia , Prevalência , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Proteinúria/epidemiologia , Proteinúria/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 22(4): 179-83, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27219303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US) has become an important tool in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but it is time consuming in clinical practice. We compared 3 US indices (with different numbers of joints) with disease activity measured by the 28-Joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) in order to find the most parsimonious index still useful in clinical practice. METHODS: Sixty consecutive RA patients were included. The DAS28 score was calculated by the attending rheumatologist, and later in the day, they underwent US examination by another rheumatologist trained in US (bilateral gray-scale and power Doppler examination of the wrist and metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints). Three different US indices were constructed: index A (22 joints), index B (10 joints), and index C (6 joints). RESULTS: All 3 US indices were significantly higher in patients with active disease versus inactive disease (P < 0.05 for all 3). Ultrasound index C showed the best correlation with DAS28 (rho = 0.5020, P < 0.0001) and a very good discriminative value for moderate to high disease activity (DAS28 >3.2) and for absence of remission (DAS28 >2.6) (areas under receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.75 and 0.80, respectively). A cutoff value of 3 in US index C showed sensitivity of 88.89% and specificity of 66.67% for absence of remission. Correlation between the 3 US indices was excellent. CONCLUSIONS: A US index of 6 joints (both wrists and second and third metacarpophalangeal joints bilaterally) correlated well with disease activity measured by DAS28 and may be used to evaluate RA patients in daily practice.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(4): 932-43, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26606652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component. We undertook the present work to perform the first genome-wide association study on individuals from the Americas who are enriched for Native American heritage. METHODS: We analyzed 3,710 individuals from the US and 4 countries of Latin America who were diagnosed as having SLE, and healthy controls. Samples were genotyped with HumanOmni1 BeadChip. Data on out-of-study controls genotyped with HumanOmni2.5 were also included. Statistical analyses were performed using SNPtest and SNPGWA. Data were adjusted for genomic control and false discovery rate. Imputation was performed using Impute2 and, for classic HLA alleles, HiBag. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated. RESULTS: The IRF5-TNPO3 region showed the strongest association and largest OR for SLE (rs10488631: genomic control-adjusted P [Pgcadj ] = 2.61 × 10(-29), OR 2.12 [95% CI 1.88-2.39]), followed by HLA class II on the DQA2-DQB1 loci (rs9275572: Pgcadj = 1.11 × 10(-16), OR 1.62 [95% CI 1.46-1.80] and rs9271366: Pgcadj = 6.46 × 10(-12), OR 2.06 [95% CI 1.71-2.50]). Other known SLE loci found to be associated in this population were ITGAM, STAT4, TNIP1, NCF2, and IRAK1. We identified a novel locus on 10q24.33 (rs4917385: Pgcadj = 1.39 × 10(-8)) with an expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) effect (Peqtl = 8.0 × 10(-37) at USMG5/miR1307), and several new suggestive loci. SLE risk loci previously identified in Europeans and Asians were corroborated. Local ancestry estimation showed that the HLA allele risk contribution is of European ancestral origin. Imputation of HLA alleles suggested that autochthonous Native American haplotypes provide protection against development of SLE. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that studying admixed populations provides new insights in the delineation of the genetic architecture that underlies autoimmune and complex diseases.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais Nativos do Continente Americano/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Argentina , Antígeno CD11b/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Chile , Cromossomos Humanos Par 10/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Antígenos HLA-DQ/genética , Cadeias beta de HLA-DQ/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Masculino , México , ATPases Mitocondriais Próton-Translocadoras/genética , NADPH Oxidases/genética , Razão de Chances , Peru , Análise de Componente Principal , Fator de Transcrição STAT4/genética , Estados Unidos , beta Carioferinas
10.
Int J Rheumatol ; 2014: 716358, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25435879

RESUMO

Objectives. To examine the characteristics of our patients with limited systemic sclerosis (lSSc) for differences between Barnett Type 1 (sclerodactyly only) and Type 2 or intermediate (acrosclerosis-distal but may reach up to elbows and/or knees plus face) subsets. Methods. Records of patients between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2011, with SSc or those with anti-Scl-70, anticentromere, or antinucleolar antibodies were reviewed. Only cases fulfilling ACR 1980 criteria were included and classified as diffuse or limited according to LeRoy's criteria. Limited SSc was separated into sclerodactyly and acrosclerosis (Barnett's Types 1 and 2). Results. 234 SSc patients (216 females) fulfilled criteria. Female/male ratio was 12 : 1; 24% had dSSc and 76% lSSC (64% Type 1 and 12% Type 2). Total follow-up was 688 patient-years. Within lSSC, the Type 2 group had significantly shorter duration of Raynaud's and more anti-Scl-70 and less anticentromere antibodies. In particular, interstitial lung disease (ILD) was significantly more prevalent in Type 2 group and similar to Type 3. Conclusions. These results appear to confirm that extension of skin involvement within limited SSc may identify two different subsets with clinical and serologic characteristics.

11.
Arthritis Rheum ; 65(6): 1457-67, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23460240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify susceptibility loci for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Latin American individuals with admixed European and Amerindian genetic ancestry. METHODS: Genotyping was performed in 1,475 patients with RA and 1,213 control subjects, using a customized BeadArray containing 196,524 markers covering loci previously associated with various autoimmune diseases. Principal components analysis (EigenSoft package) and Structure software were used to identify outliers and define the population substructure. REAP software was used to define cryptic relatedness and duplicates, and genetic association analyses were conducted using Plink statistical software. RESULTS: A strong genetic association between RA and the major histocompatibility complex region was observed, localized within BTNL2/DRA-DQB1- DQA2 (P = 7.6 × 10(-10) ), with 3 independent effects. We identified an association in the PLCH2-HES5-TNFRSF14-MMEL1 region of chromosome 1 (P = 9.77 × 10(-6) ), which was previously reported in Europeans, Asians, and Native Canadians. We identified one novel putative association in ENOX1 on chromosome 13 (P = 3.24 × 10(-7) ). Previously reported associations were observed in the current study, including PTPN22, SPRED2, STAT4, IRF5, CCL21, and IL2RA, although the significance was relatively moderate. Adjustment for Amerindian ancestry improved the association of a novel locus in chromosome 12 at C12orf30 (NAA25) (P = 3.9 × 10(-6) ). Associations with the HLA region, SPRED2, and PTPN22 improved in individuals positive for anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies. CONCLUSION: Our data define, for the first time, the contribution of Amerindian ancestry to the genetic architecture of RA in an admixed Latin American population by confirming the role of the HLA region and supporting the association with a locus in chromosome 1. In addition, we provide data for novel putative loci in chromosomes 12 and 13.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 12/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 13/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Índios Sul-Americanos , América Latina , Masculino , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
12.
Int J Rheumatol ; 2013: 548502, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23533423

RESUMO

Objectives. To validate van der Helm-van Mil score (vHvM) and new ACR/EULAR criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients with undifferentiated arthritis (UA). Patients and Methods. Adult patients with UA (swelling ≥2 joints of less than 6 months duration, without diagnosis, and never treated with disease modifying drugs). Results. Ninety-one patients were included. Mean age: 55.6 years (SD: 17.4), 74% females. Median symptoms duration was 2 months (IR: 1-4 months). Mean van der Helm-van Mil score was 6.9 (SD: 2). After a mean followup of 6.2 months (SD: 6), 40.7% patients fulfilled ACR 1987 RA classification criteria, 28.6% fulfilled other diagnostic criteria, and 31% remained as UA. Receiver operator characteristic curve's (ROC's) area under the curve (AUC) for the vHvM score for diagnosis of RA was 0.83. A cutoff value of 6.94 showed sensitivity of 81% and 79.7% specificity. For the new ACR/EULAR criteria, the ROC AUC was 0.93, and a value equal to or greater than 6 showed 86.5% sensitivity and 87% specificity. Conclusion. van der Helm-van Mil prediction score and the new ACR/EULAR criteria proved to be valuable for the diagnosis of RA in patients with early UA.

13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 52(3): 510-4, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23175569

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A patient self-administered questionnaire [PsA Screening and Evaluation (PASE)] has been developed and validated in English, but has not been tried in Spanish speaking populations. This study aimed to adapt and validate PASE in Spanish to screen Spanish speaking psoriasis patients for signs and symptoms of inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: Initial translation from English to Spanish (forward translation) was performed by two independent translators and the resulting versions were synthesized during a consensus meeting. The questionnaire was tried in a pilot study and resulted in a change in the agreement scale for a frequency scale with wording adaptation [Spanish PASE (PASE-S)]. RESULTS: One hundred and eleven patients were screened with PASE-S; 25 with PsA (without previous treatments), 23 with psoriasis, 22 with psoriasis and OA and 41 with OA without psoriasis. The diagnosis of psoriasis was performed by a dermatologist, and a rheumatologist determined the diagnosis of PsA or OA. Patients with PsA had statistically significant higher symptoms, function and total PASE-S scores compared with those without PsA. Receiver operator curves showed an area under the curve of 0.79 (95% CI 0.69, 0.89) for the total score. A cut-off value ≥34 showed sensitivity of 76%, and specificity of 74.4% for the diagnosis of PsA. CONCLUSION: The validated PASE questionnaire is a self-administered tool that can be used to screen for PsA among patients with psoriasis in a Spanish speaking population. PASE was able to distinguish between symptoms of PsA and OA.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Linguagem , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tradução
14.
Clinicoecon Outcomes Res ; 4: 219-25, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22977308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to estimate the cost of rheumatoid arthritis and its components in a university hospital-based health management organization in Argentina, during the prebiologic era. METHODS: A one-year (2002) observational prevalence, cost-of illness study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis from the societal perspective was performed in a hospital-based health management organization population. Direct medical costs were obtained using administrative databases. Direct nonmedical and indirect costs were obtained from a semistructured questionnaire. Indirect costs included work absenteeism, permanent work disability, and housework lost for housewives, using the human capital approach. Costs are expressed in 2002 US dollars per patient per year. RESULTS: A total of 165 patients (84% females), of mean age 61 ± 15 years and with a mean disease duration of 8.5 ± 8.3 years were included. Mean total direct medical costs were US$1862 (95% confidence interval [CI] 828-2899). Mean direct nonmedical costs were US$222 (95% CI 149-294). Mean indirect costs were US$1008 (95% CI 606-1412). The annual mean total cost was US$3093 without biologics. Hospitalizations represented 73% of total direct medical costs while drugs and outpatient procedures represented 16% and 8% of total direct medical costs, respectively. Sixty percent of the total costs were related to direct medical costs, while indirect costs represented 33% of total costs. CONCLUSION: In our population, annual mean total costs in the prebiologic therapy era were mainly driven by direct medical costs. Even without the use of biologic agents, rheumatoid arthritis represents an important burden for society in developing countries.

15.
Clin Rheumatol ; 31(9): 1383-7, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22684205

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to investigate by ultrasound (US) the anatomical structures affected during a new episode of bilateral painful shoulder in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to compare the findings between these two conditions. PMR and RA patients complaining of new onset bilateral painful shoulder were included. Subjects without any known rheumatic condition with a new onset unilateral painful shoulder were assessed as a control group. US evaluation includes the depiction subacromial-subdeltoid (SAD) bursitis, long head biceps (LHB) tenosynovitis and/or gleno-humeral (GH) synovitis. Thirty patients with PMR, 30 with RA, and 60 controls were included for a total of 60 shoulders per group. Unilateral SAD bursitis and LHB tenosynovitis were significantly more frequent in patients with PMR when compared to those with RA (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.01, respectively) and controls (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively). Unilateral GH synovitis was more common in RA than in PMR and controls (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). Bilateral SAD bursitis was significantly more frequent in patients with PMR than in those with RA (p < 0.01) as was bilateral LHB tenosynovitis (p < 0.01). No significant differences were found in bilateral GH synovitis. US-detected periarticular inflammatory involvement more frequently in PMR both unilaterally and bilaterally and intra-articular inflammatory involvement was commonly in RA but only unilaterally.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Bursite/diagnóstico por imagem , Polimialgia Reumática/diagnóstico por imagem , Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Articulação do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinovite/fisiopatologia , Tenossinovite/fisiopatologia
16.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 17(2): 59-63, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21325964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) is an infrequent disease. Data on incidence and prevalence are scarce and conflictive. There are no such data in Latin America or in Argentina in particular. OBJECTIVES: We undertook to examine the incidence and prevalence of systemic sclerosis in the prepaid health maintenance organization of our hospital, in the city of Buenos Aires. METHODS: Members of the plan between 1999 and 2004 were followed up for incident cases, and prevalence was calculated at the end of the period. RESULTS: A total of 98,642 persons were followed up for a total of 32,9534 person-years. Density of incidence overall was 21.2 per million person-years (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4-37). Density of incidence for diffuse disease was 6.1 per million person-years (95% CI, 2.3-14.5), and for limited disease, it was 15.2 per million person-years (95% CI, 2-28). Prevalence was 296 per million people (95% CI, 193-434); females, 477 per million people (95% CI, 309-704); and males, 28 per million people (95% CI, 7-157). Prevalence for diffuse disease was 57 per million people (95% CI, 18-133), and for limited disease, it was 240 per million people (95% CI, 148-365). CONCLUSIONS: Despite potential biases, these data are in agreement with others from different parts of the world and the first obtained in Argentina and, to our knowledge, in Latin America.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 50(4): 729-34, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21134962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Studies regarding epidemiology of PsA are lacking in Latin America. We estimated the incidence and prevalence of PsA in a University Hospital-based Health Management Organization in Buenos Aires [Hospital Italiano Medical Care Program (HIMCP)]. POPULATION: for incidence calculation, the population at risk was all adult members of the HIMCP, with continuous affiliation for at least 1 year from January 2000 to January 2006. Each person was followed until he/she voluntarily left the HIMCP, death or finalization of the study (final dates) contributing time at risk since January 2000 or enrolment date (whichever occurred later) to that final date. Case ascertainment: medical records of all patients with the problem psoriasis and/or PsA in the HIMCP problem-oriented computer-based patient record system, or registered in rheumatologists and/or dermatologists databases, were revised. Patients fulfilling CASPAR criteria were included. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: incidence rate (IR) was calculated with 95% CIs. Cumulative prevalence was estimated on 1 January 2006 (denominator population ==88,112). RESULTS: In the study period, 138,288 persons contributed a total of 558,878 person-years, of whom 35 developed PsA (IR 6.26; 95% CI 4.2, 8.3 cases per 100,000 person-years). There were 12 females: IR 3.64 (95% CI 1.6, 5.7) cases per 100,000 person-years; and 23 males: IR 10.02 (95% CI 5.9, 14.1) cases per 100,000 person-years. On 1 January 2006, 65 prevalent cases were identified: prevalence 74 (95% CI 57, 94) cases per 100,000 members. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence and prevalence of PsA in this Latin American country was similar to that reported in other studies from Europe and the USA.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/etnologia , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Sistemas Pré-Pagos de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Classe Social , Adulto Jovem
18.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 5(extr.3): 35-39, nov. 2009. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-78403

RESUMO

El diagnóstico preciso es esencial y la biopsia muscular mandatoria para identificar miositis por cuerpos de inclusión. La mayoría de las miopatías inflamatorias se tratan de manera similar, aunque el manejo ha sido empírico en la mayoría de los casos y los estudios controlados escasos. La fuerza muscular y los niveles de enzimas musculares siguen siendo las medidas más útiles en el seguimiento. Los glucocorticoides siguen siendo el pilar del tratamiento aunque no existen estudios controlados. El uso de drogas inmunosupresoras desde el inicio podría ser útil como ahorrador de esteroides. Las drogas más utilizadas son el metotrexato y la azatioprina, y los antipalúdicos en casos de compromiso cutáneo. En casos refractarios a estos tratamientos, el rituximab parecería ser efectivo en algunos (aunque no hay estudios controlados) y hay cierto consenso en usar esta droga antes que la inmunoglobulina endovenosa. Los anticuerpos anti–TNF no han sido efectivos en estas enfermedades. La ciclosporina y el micofenolato de mofetilo han demostrado cierta utilidad, especialmente la ciclosporina en pacientes con compromiso pulmonar. El tratamiento de la miositis por cuerpos de inclusión sigue siendo insatisfactorio (AU)


Diagnosis should include mandatory muscle biopsy to identify inclusion body myositis. Most forms of inflammatory myopathies are still treated similarly, although treatment strategies remain empirical and controlled trials are few. Muscle strength and CPK levels remain the most frequently used measures to monitor disease activity and response to therapy. Corticosteroids are the main pillar of drug therapy but simultaneous use of corticosteroid-sparing drugs may be considered from the start. The most frequently used drugs for combined therapy are methotrexate, azathioprine and antimalarials in cases of dermatomyositis. In refractory cases, especially if life threatening, rituximab has appeared to be effective although there are no controlled trials, and there is some consensus that this should be used prior to Immunoglobulin. Anti TNF antibodies have not been useful in these diseases. Cyclosporin (especially with lung involvement) and Mofetil mycophenolate may also have a role in non-responding cases. Treatment of inclusion body myositis remains unsatisfactory (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Miosite/tratamento farmacológico , Músculo Esquelético/enzimologia , Miosite/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Biópsia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Corpos de Inclusão , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Ciclosporina/uso terapêutico , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico
19.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21190631

RESUMO

Wegener's granulomatosis is a granulomatous necrotizing vasculitis which predominantly affects the respiratory tract, kidney, and less frequently other organs such as the nervous system. The latter may occur in up to 54% of cases and when it does it is more frequently of the peripheral nerves. We present a 19 year old woman who commenced her disease with involvement of respiratory sinuses, lungs and kidney and who developed central insipid diabetes (CID) at onset. The CID persisted in spite of adequate response of the other organs and systems with immunosuppresor treatment. The development of CID in the context of vasculitis should suggest this as a possible mechanism.


Assuntos
Diabetes Insípido Neurogênico/etiologia , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Reumatol Clin ; 5 Suppl 3: 35-9, 2009 Nov.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21794668

RESUMO

Diagnosis should include mandatory muscle biopsy to identify inclusion body myositis. Most forms of inflammatory myopathies are still treated similarly, although treatment strategies remain empirical and controlled trials are few. Muscle strength and CPK levels remain the most frequently used measures to monitor disease activity and response to therapy. Corticosteroids are the main pillar of drug therapy but simultaneous use of corticosteroid-sparing drugs may be considered from the start. The most frequently used drugs for combined therapy are methotrexate, azathioprine and antimalarials in cases of dermatomyositis. In refractory cases, especially if life threatening, rituximab has appeared to be effective although there are no controlled trials, and there is some consensus that this should be used prior to Immunoglobulin. Anti TNF antibodies have not been useful in these diseases. Cyclosporin (especially with lung involvement) and Mofetil mycophenolate may also have a role in non responding cases. Treatment of inclusion body myositis remains unsatisfactory.

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