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2.
Oral Oncol ; 137: 106281, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36549241

RESUMO

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a soft tissue sarcoma that develops from skeletal striated muscle cells. RMSs are exceedingly rare in the oral cavity, particularly in the gingiva. Herein, we reported the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a rare case of RMS in a 30-year-old female presenting clinically as a painful polypoid nodule on the mandibular gingiva. Microscopically, the tumor showed atypical spindle cells with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm arranged in a fascicular pattern. In focal areas, the tumor cells exhibited rhabdomyoblastic differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed strong positivity for desmin, myogenin (scattered cells), and MyoD1. The patient underwent surgical resection followed by postoperative complementary radio- and chemotherapy. However, the patient had a local recurrence seven months after the initial treatment. She was submitted to a total mandibulectomy associated with adjuvant radiotherapy. However, she died two months after reoperation due to complications secondary to radiation therapy. Because of the rarity in the oral cavity and non-specific signs and symptoms, the clinical diagnosis of RMS is difficult and often overlooked. Therefore, careful histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis of these tumors is essential to correct diagnosis. Early surgical excision with tumor-free margins and prolonged follow-up are strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Sarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Gengiva/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/cirurgia , Sarcoma/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise
3.
Braz Dent J ; 33(5): 81-90, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36287502

RESUMO

Oral mucocele (OM) is the most common lesion of minor salivary glands. The present study aimed to report the clinical and demographic features of a large series of OMs and identify possible predictive variables associated with the recurrence rate of these lesions. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 43,754 biopsy records from four pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OMs were reviewed, and clinical and demographic data were collected. The study comprised 1,002 females (56.2%) and 782 males (43.8%), with a mean age of 19.8±16.4 years (range: 01-87 years) and a 1.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n=1,160; 67.4%), and floor of the mouth (n=172; 10.0%), were the most common affected sites, presenting clinically as nodules (n=978; 79.4%) of smooth surface (n=428; 77.5%) and normal color (n=768, 46.7%). Excisional biopsy was the treatment in most cases (n=1,392; 78.0%). Recurrent OMs represented 6.2% of all diagnosed cases (n=117). OMs recurred more commonly in younger patients (aged<20 years) (p<0.0001), in lesions larger than 2 cm in diameter (p<0.0001), and in those located in the ventral tongue (p=0.0351). Also, recurrence rates were higher significantly in cases treated with laser surgery than in those with conventional surgery (p=0.0005). Patients with OMs should be carefully informed of its possible recurrence, especially when found on the ventral tongue of young patients.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Mucocele , Doenças das Glândulas Salivares , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Mucocele/epidemiologia , Mucocele/patologia , Doenças das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Doenças das Glândulas Salivares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/patologia
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 33(5): 81-90, Sep.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1403793

RESUMO

Abstract Oral mucocele (OM) is the most common lesion of minor salivary glands. The present study aimed to report the clinical and demographic features of a large series of OMs and identify possible predictive variables associated with the recurrence rate of these lesions. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 43,754 biopsy records from four pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OMs were reviewed, and clinical and demographic data were collected. The study comprised 1,002 females (56.2%) and 782 males (43.8%), with a mean age of 19.8±16.4 years (range: 01-87 years) and a 1.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n=1,160; 67.4%), and floor of the mouth (n=172; 10.0%), were the most common affected sites, presenting clinically as nodules (n=978; 79.4%) of smooth surface (n=428; 77.5%) and normal color (n=768, 46.7%). Excisional biopsy was the treatment in most cases (n=1,392; 78.0%). Recurrent OMs represented 6.2% of all diagnosed cases (n=117). OMs recurred more commonly in younger patients (aged<20 years) (p<0.0001), in lesions larger than 2 cm in diameter (p<0.0001), and in those located in the ventral tongue (p=0.0351). Also, recurrence rates were higher significantly in cases treated with laser surgery than in those with conventional surgery (p=0.0005). Patients with OMs should be carefully informed of its possible recurrence, especially when found on the ventral tongue of young patients.


Resumo A mucocele oral (MO) é a lesão mais comum das glândulas salivares menores. O presente estudo teve como objetivo relatar as características clínicas e demográficas de uma grande série de MOs e identificar possíveis variáveis preditivas associadas à taxa de recorrência dessas lesões. Foi realizado um estudo transversal descritivo retrospectivo. Foram analisados 43.754 registros de biópsias de quatro serviços de patologia no Brasil. Todos os casos diagnosticados como MOs foram revisados e dados clínicos e demográficos foram coletados. Participaram do estudo 1.002 mulheres (56,2%) e 782 homens (43,8%), com média de idade de 19,8 ± 16,4 anos (variação: 01-87 anos) e proporção de mulheres para homens de 1,3:1. O lábio inferior (n=1.160; 67,4%) e assoalho da boca (n=172; 10,0%), foram os locais mais acometidos, apresentando-se clinicamente como nódulos (n=978; 79,4%) de superfície lisa (n =428; 77,5%) e coloração normal (n=768, 46,7%). A biópsia excisional foi o tratamento na maioria dos casos (n=1.392; 78,0%). As MOs recorrentes representaram 6,2% de todos os casos diagnosticados (n = 117). As recorrências recorreram mais comumente em pacientes mais jovens (idade < 20 anos) (p < 0,0001), em lesões maiores que 2 cm de diâmetro (p < 0,0001) e naquelas localizadas na superfície ventral da língua (p = 0,0351). Além disso, as taxas de recorrência foram significativamente maiores nos casos tratados com cirurgia a laser do que aqueles com cirurgia convencional utilizando bisturi (p = 0,0005). Pacientes com mucoceles devem ser informados sobre uma possível recorrência, principalmente quando encontrados no lábio ou assoalho bucal de pacientes jovens.

5.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 27(5): e460-e467, September 01, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-209813

RESUMO

Background: Peripheral Ossifying Fibroma (POF) is a reactive hyperplastic lesion that exclusively occurs in thegingiva and is characterized by the deposition of dystrophic calcification, cementum-like tissue, and immatureand mature bone within the connective tissue. The objective of the present study was to perform a retrospectiveanalysis of clinicopathologic features of POF.Material and Methods: Clinical and histopathological data were obtained from biopsy records and histopathological reports from a Brazilian reference service in Oral Pathology (1999 - 2020). Morphological analysis wasperformed to evaluate features related to the mesenchymal component, inflammatory infiltrate, ulceration, andmineralized tissue.Results: A total of 270 POFs were diagnosed during the study period. A higher frequency was observed in females(71.9%) between the third (22.9%) and fourth (23.3%) decades of life. The anterior upper gingiva (29.1%) wasthe most affected region. Mature (86.7%) and immature (52.6%) bone tissue were the most frequent. There was asignificant association between immature bone deposition and lesions with size ≤ 1.7 cm (p = 0.041); immaturebone and cement-like tissue deposition with an evolution time ≤ 16 months (p < 0.001); deposition of immaturebone and mesenchymal hypercellularization (p < 0.001); deposition of dystrophic calcification and the presenceof ulceration (p < 0.001).Conclusions: The clinical characteristics corroborate the findings in the literature. The heterogeneous distributionand quantity of mineralized tissues found in the analyzed cases support the theory that the different mineralizedtissues constitute a spectrum of clinical maturation of POF. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Fibroma Ossificante/patologia , Gengiva , Doenças da Gengiva , Hiperplasia Gengival/patologia , Patologia Bucal , Diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Oral Oncol ; 130: 105876, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35550988

RESUMO

Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) are malignant tumors with skeletal muscle differentiation extremely rare in intraosseous sites. We reported a rare case of an aggressive intraosseous RMS found in the maxilla of a 17-year-old female patient with five months of evolution. Computed tomography revealed a large osteolytic lesion extending from tooth 21 to 27, causing buccal and lingual cortical plate perforation. Microscopically, the lesion showed a proliferation of spindle-shaped cells with elongated nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm, arranged in an interlaced fascicle pattern. The nuclei ranged from vesicular with distinct nucleoli to hyperchromatic. A focal component of plump to epithelioid cells with a moderate amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm was seen at the periphery of the tumor. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed positivity for desmin, MyoD1, and myogenin (scattered cells). S-100, SOX10, HMB45, ß-catenin, and CD34 were negative. Ki-67 was positive in 30% of tumor cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis showed the presence of a FUS-TFCP2 fusion. The diagnosis was intraosseous RMS with TFCP2 fusion. Surgical excision followed by chemo- and radiotherapy was carried out; however, the patient died of disease nine months after the treatment. Because of the rarity and non-specific signs and symptoms, the clinical diagnosis of intraosseous RMS is difficult and often overlooked. Therefore, careful histopathological evaluation, supported by immunohistochemical and molecular analysis, is essential to correct diagnosis. Early surgical excision with tumor-free margins and prolonged follow-up are strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Maxila , Rabdomiossarcoma , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Fusão Gênica , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Maxila/patologia , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
7.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 27(1): e35-e41, jan. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204331

RESUMO

Background: Angina bullosa haemorrhagica (ABH) is characterized by the recurrent appearance of blood blisters on the oral mucosa, mainly in adults' soft palate. In general, the blisters rupture spontaneously, lacking the necessity for biopsy. We report the clinical features of 23 ABH cases, emphasizing the clinical behavior and the management of these conditions. Material and Methods: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 12,727 clinical records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from four dental services in Brazil were analyzed. Clinical data were collected from the clinical records and evaluated. Results: The series comprised 12 males (52.2%) and 11 females (47.8%), with a mean age of 56.8 ± 14.6 years (ranging: 24-82 years) and a 1.1:1 male-to-female ratio. Most of the lesions affected the soft palate (n = 15, 65.2%). Clinically, the lesions presented mainly as an asymptomatic (n = 17, 73.9%) blood-filled blister that ruptured after a few minutes or hours, leaving an erosion. The masticatory trauma was the most frequent triggering event. No patient had coagulation disorders. A biopsy was performed in only four cases (17.4%). Treatment was symptomatic with a favorable outcome. Conclusions: ABH is still poorly documented in the literature, and its etiology remains uncertain. ABH mainly affects the soft palate of elderly adults and has a favorable evolution in a few days. The therapeutic approach is often focused only on the relief of symptoms. However, it can share some clinical features with more serious diseases. Therefore, clinicians must recognize these lesions to avoid misdiagnosis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorragia Bucal , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Vesícula/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Idoso
8.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 268-277, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Cistos , Úlceras Orais , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100
9.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(2): 210-219, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialolipoma is a rare histological variant of lipoma commonly misdiagnosed and composed of a proliferation of mature adipocytes with secondary entrapment of normal salivary gland tissue. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 10 new cases of sialolipomas in conjunction with a review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 54,190 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from four oral and maxillofacial pathology services in Brazil were analysed. All cases of lipomas were reviewed, and clinical, demographic and histopathological data were collected of all cases compatible with sialolipomas. In addition, immunohistochemistry stains (AE1/AE3, CK7, 34ßE12, S-100, HHF35, α-SMA and Ki-67) and a literature review based on a search of three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus) were performed. RESULTS: Among all lipomas reviewed, there were 10 cases of sialolipomas. The series comprised of 7 females (70.0%) and 3 males (30.0%), with a mean age of 46.1 ± 21.5 years (range: 11-71 years) and a 2.3:1 female-to-male ratio. The lower lip (n = 3, 30.0%) and tongue (n = 2, 20.0%) were the most common locations, presenting clinically as a nodule of slow growth and normal colour. Conservative surgical excision was the treatment in all cases. No recurrence was observed. CONCLUSION: Sialolipomas are a rare histological variant of lipoma, affecting the salivary glands, mainly in the parotid gland and palate of female adults. Pathologists must recognise sialolipomas to avoid misdiagnoses with other lipomatous tumours that can affect salivary glands.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Glândulas Salivares Menores , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
10.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(3): e364-e369, mayo 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermoid and epidermoid cysts are slow-growing, benign developmental cysts that arise from ecto-dermal tissue and can occur anywhere in the body. Less than 7% of these cysts involve the head and neck region, with only 1.6% of cases presenting in the oral cavity. To evaluate the clinical and histopathological features of dermoid (DCs) and epidermoid (ECs) cysts stored in the archives of a referred Oral Pathology Service over a 48-year-period, and to review current concepts about these cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All DCs and ECs were reviewed, and clinical data were obtained from the patient records. Fourteen cases of DCs and thirteen cases of ECs were re-evaluated microscopically by 2 oral pathologists. RESULTS: Among 15.387 cases, 14 (0.09%) had a histopathological diagnosis of DCs and 13 (0.08%) of ECs. For DCs, ten (71.4%) patients were women, with the mean age of 37.2 years. All DCs were lined by a stratified squamous epithelium (100%), with gut and respiratory epithelium observed in 1 (7.1%) and 2 (14.3%) cases, respectively. Chronic inflammatory cells, melanin, multinucleated giant cell reaction, and Pacini bodies were also observed. For ECs, eight (61.5%) cases were in women, and the mean age was 38.2 years. All ECs were lined by a stratified squamous epithelium (100%). Chronic inflammatory cells, melanin pigmentation, and adipose tissue were observed in the fibrous capsule. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that stratified squamous epithelium is the predominant epithelial lining of these cystic lesions. Also, we may find some unusual findings in DCs, such as Pacini bodies


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cisto Dermoide/patologia , Cisto Epidérmico/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cisto Dermoide/epidemiologia , Cisto Epidérmico/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Sexo , Brasil/epidemiologia
11.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(3): e370-e374, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe the upper and lower lip lesion occurrence in an oral diagnostic service. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive sectional study was performed. Clinical records were obtained from the archives of an Oral Diagnostic Service referral center between 2006 and 2016. Data such as gender, age, anatomical location, and diagnosis were collected and categorized. The collected data were submitted to a descriptive analysis and Pearson's chi-square test (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: A total of 587 patient records of lip lesions were analyzed. Most lesions were diagnosed in female (52.1%) and adults (56.9%) patients in the lower lip (76.2%). Among all lip lesions, the reactive/inflammatory lesions (n = 238; 40.5%) and oral potentially malignant disorders (n = 164; 28%) were the most frequent group lesions. Mucocele (n = 147; 25%), actinic cheilitis (n = 136; 23.1%) and vascular lesions (n = 51; 8.7%) were the most frequent lesion in the sample. Actinic cheilitis was significant in relation to gender (p < 0.001), all three most frequent lesions were significant in concerning to age group and anatomical site. CONCLUSIONS: Mucocele was the most common lower lip lesion in all age groups, followed by actinic cheilitis and vascular lesions, which mainly affected adults and the elderly


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Labiais/epidemiologia , Mucocele/epidemiologia , Doenças Labiais/patologia , Mucocele/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo , Registros Médicos , Brasil/epidemiologia
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 348-353, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114905

RESUMO

Stafne bone defect (SBD) is a bone cavity in the lingual surface of the mandible normally filled by salivary gland tissue. In conventional radiographs, SBD typically resembles a radiolucent unilocular lesion with welldefined margins, localized under the inferior alveolar canal. The diagnosis of SBD is often incidental due to the asymptomatic nature. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of SBDs in a Brazilian population and to describe the radiographic features of the cases reported. This retrospective study evaluated 17,180 digital panoramic radiographs of patients with an indication of radiography for dental treatment seen at three centers located in the three Brazilian states. In each center, two researchers evaluated the images for establishment of the consensual diagnosis of SBD. In the case of disagreement, a third researcher was consulted to reach a final consensus. To assess the prevalence of SBDs, sex and age of patients were considered, and SBDs were classified according to their form and location. Data were submitted to descriptive analysis. Among the 17.180 patients, only 15 (0.08 %) had SDB, including 3 women and 12 men. The age range of the patients with SDB was 30-69 years (mean: 49.2). Fourteen cases were located in the posterior region of the mandibular body and one case in the ascending ramus. Stafne bone defect is a rare developmental anomaly that more commonly affects middle-aged men. The condition has a typical radiographic appearance and panoramic radiography is a valuable tool for its diagnosis.


El defecto óseo de Stafne (DOS) es una cavidad ósea en la superficie lingual de la mandíbula, normalmente llena de tejido glandular salival. En las radiografías convencionales, el DOS generalmente se asemeja a una lesión unilocular radiotransparente con bordes bien definidos, ubicada debajo del canal alveolar inferior. El diagnóstico de DOS a menudo es accidental debido a su naturaleza asintomática. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la prevalencia de DOS en una población brasileña y describir las características radiográficas de los casos reportados. Este estudio retrospectivo evaluó 17.180 radiografías panorámicas digitales de pacientes con indicación radiográfica para tratamiento dental atendidos en tres centros ubicados en tres estados brasileños. En cada centro, dos investigadores evaluaron las imágenes para establecer un diagnóstico consensuado de DOS. En caso de desacuerdo, se consultó a un tercer investigador para llegar a un consenso final. Para evaluar la prevalencia de DOS, se consideraron el sexo y la edad de los pacientes, y se clasificaron según su forma y ubicación. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo. Entre los 17.180 pacientes, solo 15 (0,08 %) tenían DOS, incluidos 3 mujeres y 12 hombres. El rango de edad de los pacientes con DOS fue de 30 a 69 años (media: 49,2). Catorce casos se ubicaron en la región posterior del cuerpo mandibular y un caso en la rama ascendente. Los defectos óseos de Stafne son una anomalía rara del desarrollo que afecta más comúnmente a los hombres de mediana edad. La condición tiene una apariencia radiográfica típica y la radiografía panorámica es una herramienta valiosa para su diagnóstico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doenças Mandibulares/epidemiologia , Doenças Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Radiografia Panorâmica , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of Twist and E-cadherin in lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC) and their association with clinicopathologic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-nine cases of LLSCC were analyzed by applying immunohistochemistry techniques in a semiquantitative manner. The systems proposed by Bryne etal., Brandwein-Gensler etal., and Almangush etal. were applied for analysis of the histopathologic malignancy grading system. RESULTS: Higher E-cadherin expression (general and membrane) was observed in cases presenting with disease-free survival after 5years of follow-up (P < .05). Higher Twist expression was observed in lesions classified as being in advanced stages, displaying recurrence, and having a high degree of malignancy. A significant negative correlation was detected between cytoplasmic Twist expression and membrane E-cadherin expression (P = .028). A statistically significant relationship was detected between high total Twist expression in tumors classified as high risk by Brandwein-Gensler etal., and no significant difference was observed among total, membrane, and cytoplasmic E-cadherin expressions in LLSCC cases and the 3 applied grading systems (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest the potential involvement of Twist and E-cadherin in the modulation of events related to worse prognoses in LLSCC cases.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD , Caderinas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Labiais , Proteínas Nucleares , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/fisiologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Caderinas/fisiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Lábio , Neoplasias Labiais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Labiais/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Proteína 1 Relacionada a Twist/metabolismo
14.
RFO UPF ; 22(3): 288-293, 10/06/2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-904972

RESUMO

Objetivo: estabelecer a incidência da síndrome de Eagle(SE) no curso de Odontologia da Universidade deFortaleza durante o período de três anos. Materiais emétodos: foram analisadas 945 radiografias panorâmicas.A avaliação foi realizada por dois examinadoresem ambiente sem iluminação e com a utilização denegatoscópio. Um paquímetro digital foi utilizado paraa mensuração dos casos com alongamento do processoestiloide, sendo considerados alongados os casos apartir de 30 mm. Resultados: das 945 radiografias analisadas,notou-se crescimento do processo estiloide superiora 30 mm em 75 panorâmicas (7,9%), sendo 51(68%) mulheres e 24 (32%) de homens. Em 43 casos(57,3%), o alongamento foi encontrado bilateralmente,em 23 casos (30,7%) foi encontrado apenas no ladoesquerdo e em 9 casos (12%) apenas no lado direito.Os 75 pacientes que possuíam o alongamento do ossoforam submetidos a um questionário semiestruturado e11 pacientes relataram sintomatologia dolorosa, comfrequência variável de surgimento da dor. Uma detalhadaanamnese e um exame físico desses pacientes permitiramo diagnóstico da SE em quatro deles. Conclusão:o trauma na região craniofacial foi o fator etiológicomais evidente nos pacientes diagnosticados com a SE.Os sinais e sintomas inerentes à SE eram semelhantesaos observados nas desordens craniomandibulares, podendoocasionar falsos diagnósticos e tratamentos equivocados.

15.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 46(2): 264-268, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29248496

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and histopathological features of nasopalatine duct cysts (NDCs) stored in the archives of a referred Oral Pathology Service over a 47-year-period, and to review current concepts about these cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All NDCs were reviewed, and clinical data were obtained from the patient records. Thirty cases were re-evaluated microscopically by 2 oral pathologists. RESULTS: Among 14,564 cases, 30 (0.20%) were NDCs. Fifteen (50.0%) of the patients were female, and the mean age was 42.7 years. The lesions measured on average 2.37 ± 1.69 cm. Histologically, stratified squamous epithelium, alone or in combination with other epithelia, was present in 13 (46.6%) cases. Goblet cells and subepithelial hyalinization were common. Fourteen (46.6%) cases exhibited a slight degree of inflammation. Nerves were observed in 15 (50%) cases and mucous glands in 7 (23.3%). Hyaline ring granulomas (which is described here for the first time in NDC) and cholesterol crystals were not common. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of clinical-histopathological aspects of NDCs provides more accurate data about their nature and behavior. Our results suggest that the predominant epithelial lining of these cystic lesions is exclusively stratified squamous epithelium or combined with another type. Vessels, nerves, mucous glands and inflammatory infiltrate are frequently observed.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca/patologia , Cistos não Odontogênicos/patologia , Doenças Nasais/patologia , Palato/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Cistos não Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Doenças Nasais/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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