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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5687-5701, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prospective study of 200 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that underwent liver transplant (LT) after drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) for downstaging versus bridging. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list and radiological response were compared. After TACE, only patients within Milan Criteria (MC) were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group. Five-year post-transplant overall survival, recurrence-free survival has no difference between the groups. Complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group. Patients in DS group can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE. AIM: To determine long-term outcomes of patients with HCC that underwent LT after DEB-TACE for downstaging vs bridging. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of 200 patients included from April 2011 through June 2014. Bridging group included patients within MC. Downstaging group (out of MC) was divided in 5 subgroups (G1 to G5). Total tumor diameter was ≤ 8 cm for G1, 2, 3, 4 (n = 42) and was > 8 cm for G5 (n = 22). Downstaging (n = 64) and bridging (n = 136) populations were not significantly different. Overall survival and tumor recurrence rates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Additionally, eligibility for LT, time on the waiting list until LT and radiological response were compared. RESULTS: After TACE, only patients within MC were transplanted. More patients underwent LT in bridging group 65.9% (P = 0.001). Downstaging population presented: higher number of nodules 2.81 (P = 0.001); larger total tumor diameter 8.09 (P = 0.001); multifocal HCC 78% (P = 0.001); more post-transplantation recurrence 25% (P = 0.02). Patients with maximal tumor diameter up to 7.05 cm were more likely to receive LT (P = 0.005). Median time on the waiting list was significantly longer in downstaging group 10.6 mo (P = 0.028). Five-year post-transplant overall survival was 73.5% in downstaging and 72.3% bridging groups (P = 0.31), and recurrence-free survival was 62.1% in downstaging and 74.8% bridging groups (P = 0.93). Radiological response: complete response was observed more frequently in bridging group (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Tumors initially exceeding the MC down-staged after DEB-TACE, can achieve post-transplant survival and HCC recurrence-free probability, at five years, just like patients within MC in patients undergoing DEB-TACE.

2.
J Vasc Surg ; 69(6): 1880-1888, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vascular invasion is no longer considered to be an absolute contraindication to tumor removal, and complex reconstructions are part of the daily activity of vascular surgeons in specialized cancer centers. Our aim was to report a single-center experience of complex vascular reconstructions involving en bloc resection of tumors and patients' long-term survival and graft patency outcomes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest report of vascular reconstructions published to date, with the longest follow-up. METHODS: Between September 1997 and January 2016, there were 91 patients who underwent 92 arterial and 47 venous reconstruction procedures in this retrospective cohort study. Long-term survival and patency outcomes were analyzed for all study patients and individually assessed in different body segments (head and neck, thorax, upper limbs, abdomen, and lower limbs). RESULTS: The estimated mean and median follow-up times were 112.66 and 100 months, respectively. The 24- and 60-month survival estimates for the patients overall were 55.3% and 31.1%, respectively. Survival estimates were significantly lower in the head and neck cases compared with the other body segments. The primary arterial patency rates at 24 and 60 months were 96.7% and 84.9%, respectively, and they were similar in all body segments. The venous patency rates were 71.4% and 64.2% at 24 and 60 months, respectively. Seven cases (7.6%) of arterial vascular complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Vascular reconstruction performed in conjunction with oncologic resection is a feasible treatment option for tumors with vessel involvement. When surgery is performed in specialized centers, low perioperative morbidity and long-term patency rates are expected irrespective of the vascular territory undergoing intervention.

3.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4015, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267431

RESUMO

Transarterial selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90, also known as radioembolization, is a therapy based on the administration of resin or glass microspheres loaded with the radioisotope yttrium-90, via selective arterial catheterization of tumor-feeding vessels. It is classified as a type of locoregional therapy and its main goal is to treat patients with primary or secondary hepatic lesions that are unresectable and not responsive to other therapies. Since it is a new technology still restricted to very few hospitals in Brazil, but used in patients throughout the country, it is necessary to demonstrate the main aspects of hepatic lesions treated with selective internal radiation therapy found in magnetic resonance imaging, and to make specific considerations on interpretation of these images. The objective of this report is to demonstrate the main aspects of magnetic resonance imaging of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic lesions, in patients submitted to transarterial selective internal radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4014, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29069141

RESUMO

Preservation of the knee joint has enormous advantages in terms of mobility and rehabilitation of an amputee. Any cause of breakdown requiring revision to an above-knee amputation is a major setback because it reduces the patient's rehabilitative potential. We report a case of intra-arterial thrombolysis use to save a below-knee amputation stump with acute ischemia. A 56-year-old man who sought the emergency department with 1-day history of acute pain on his right below-knee stump. The angiography confirmed popliteal artery occlusion. Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy, with Aspirex (rotational catheter to restore blood flow in occluded vessel, by removing occlusion material from the vessel) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, was performed. After 9 years of follow-up the patient remained asymptomatic, capable of independent ambulation with prosthetic limb. Intra-arterial fibrinolysis seems to be a safe and effective treatment for cases of acutely ischemic amputation stump.


Assuntos
Cotos de Amputação/irrigação sanguínea , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Cotos de Amputação/diagnóstico por imagem , Cotos de Amputação/patologia , Humanos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 47: 85-89, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28947219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are only 3 studies comparing the efficacy of 2 different types of lock used in totally implantable catheters regarding occlusion or reflux dysfunction. The present study contains the largest published casuistry (862 patients) and is the only one that analyzes 3 parameters: occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients operated at a large oncology center and followed up in the outpatient clinic between 2007 and 2015. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the type of lock: the Hep group (heparine), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9% with heparin (100 IU/mL) and the SS group (saline solution), whose lock was composed of saline solution 0.9%. RESULTS: The Hep group was composed of 270 patients (31%) and the SS group of 592 patients (69%). Regarding occlusion, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to reflux dysfunction, there were 8 cases in the Hep group (2.96%) and 8 in the SS group (1.35%; P = 0.11); in relation to flow dysfunction, there was 1 case in the Hep group (0.37%) and 4 cases in the SS group (0.68%; P = 1). CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant difference between the groups regarding occlusion, reflux dysfunction, and flow dysfunction.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Obstrução do Cateter , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres de Demora , Heparina , Cloreto de Sódio , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4014, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891451

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Preservation of the knee joint has enormous advantages in terms of mobility and rehabilitation of an amputee. Any cause of breakdown requiring revision to an above-knee amputation is a major setback because it reduces the patient's rehabilitative potential. We report a case of intra-arterial thrombolysis use to save a below-knee amputation stump with acute ischemia. A 56-year-old man who sought the emergency department with 1-day history of acute pain on his right below-knee stump. The angiography confirmed popliteal artery occlusion. Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy, with Aspirex (rotational catheter to restore blood flow in occluded vessel, by removing occlusion material from the vessel) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, was performed. After 9 years of follow-up the patient remained asymptomatic, capable of independent ambulation with prosthetic limb. Intra-arterial fibrinolysis seems to be a safe and effective treatment for cases of acutely ischemic amputation stump.


RESUMO A preservação da articulação do joelho tem grandes vantagens para a mobilidade e a reabilitação de um amputado. Qualquer causa que exija revisão para uma amputação acima do joelho é um grande revés, porque reduz o potencial de reabilitação do paciente. O objetivo aqui foi descrever o uso de trombólise intra-arterial para salvar um coto de amputação abaixo do joelho com isquemia aguda. Homem, 56 anos, procurou pronto atendimento de nosso hospital com histórico de 1 dia de dor aguda em seu coto de amputação infrapatelar direito. A angiografia confirmou oclusão da artéria poplítea. Foi realizada trombectomia farmacomecânica com Aspirex (cateter rotativo para restabelecer o fluxo sanguíneo em vasos ocluídos, removendo material de oclusão do vaso) e ativador do plaminogênio tecidual recombinante. Após 9 anos de seguimento, o paciente permanecia assintomático, capaz de deambulação independente com membro protético. A fibrinólise intra-arterial parece ser um tratamento seguro e eficaz para casos selecionados de coto de amputação com isquêmica aguda.

7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4015, 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-891460

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Transarterial selective internal radiation therapy with yttrium-90, also known as radioembolization, is a therapy based on the administration of resin or glass microspheres loaded with the radioisotope yttrium-90, via selective arterial catheterization of tumor-feeding vessels. It is classified as a type of locoregional therapy and its main goal is to treat patients with primary or secondary hepatic lesions that are unresectable and not responsive to other therapies. Since it is a new technology still restricted to very few hospitals in Brazil, but used in patients throughout the country, it is necessary to demonstrate the main aspects of hepatic lesions treated with selective internal radiation therapy found in magnetic resonance imaging, and to make specific considerations on interpretation of these images. The objective of this report is to demonstrate the main aspects of magnetic resonance imaging of unresectable primary or secondary hepatic lesions, in patients submitted to transarterial selective internal radiation therapy.


RESUMO A radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial com ítrio-90, também conhecida como radioembolização, é uma terapia baseada na administração de microesferas de resina ou vidro carregadas com o radioisótopo ítrio-90, via cateterismo arterial seletivo dos vasos nutridores do tumor. É classificada como um tipo de terapia locorregional e seu principal objetivo é tratar pacientes portadores de lesões hepáticas primárias ou secundárias irressecáveis e não responsivas a outras terapias. Por se tratar de uma nova tecnologia, portanto ainda restrita a pouquíssimos hospitais no Brasil (ainda que utilizada em todo país), é necessário demonstrar os principais aspectos de imagem das lesões hepáticas tratadas com radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial encontrados em exame de ressonância magnética, além de delinear considerações específicas de interpretação destas imagens. O objetivo deste relato é demonstrar os principais aspectos encontrados em ressonância magnética de lesões hepáticas irressecáveis, primárias ou secundárias, de pacientes submetidos à radioterapia interna seletiva transarterial.

8.
Case Reports Hepatol ; 2017: 1847428, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158927

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare tumor. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice when feasible, but there are no clear recommendations for patients with advanced disease. Liver-directed therapy with Y-90 selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) has been used to treat hepatic metastases from pancreatic tumors. We describe a case of PACC liver metastases treated with SIRT. Case Report: 59-year-old man was admitted with an infiltrative, solid lesion in pancreatic tail diagnosed as PACC. Lymph nodes in the hepatic hilum were enlarged, and many metastatic liver nodules were observed. After partial pancreatectomy, the left and right lobes of the liver were separately treated with Y-90 resin microspheres. Follow-up imaging revealed that all hepatic nodules shrank by at least 50%, and 3 nodules disappeared completely. Lipase concentration was 8407 U/L at baseline, rose to 12,705 U/L after pancreatectomy, and declined to 344 U/L after SIRT. Multiple rounds of chemotherapy in the subsequent year shrank the hepatic tumors further; disease then progressed, but a third line of chemotherapy shrank the tumors again, 16 months after SIRT treatment. Conclusion: SIRT had a positive effect on liver metastases from PACC. In conjunction with systemic therapy, SIRT can achieve sustained disease control.

9.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 40(7): 1044-1051, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28500458

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate incidence and predictive factors for the vascular lake phenomenon (VLP), as well as to compare local and overall tumor response in patients with and without VLP induced during DEB-TACE for HCC. METHODS: A total of 200 consecutive patients with 323 HCC nodules underwent first-session DEB-TACE from 2011 to 2014. Patients were divided in two groups, according to the presence of the VLP during DEB-TACE. Pre- and post-treatment imaging studies (CT or MRI) were performed. Primary endpoint was assessment of tumor response, evaluated by mRECIST. Comparison of response rates between the VLP group and the non-VLP group was performed. Secondary endpoints were the determination of incidence rate and predictive factors for the VLP. RESULTS: The VLP was observed in 39/323 (12.1%) of the nodules treated. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, tumor size ≥3 cm in diameter (OR 13.95; 95% CI 3.60-54.05), presence of a pseudocapsule (OR 6.67; 95% CI 1.45-30.59) and alpha-fetoprotein levels (OR 1.004; 95% CI 1.000-1.007) remained predictive for the VLP occurrence. On a nodule-based analysis (p < 0.001), target lesion response analysis (p = 0.003) and overall response analysis (p = 0.004) the VLP group presented a higher objective response rate than the non-VLP group. CONCLUSION: VLP is observed in 12% of the patients and happens more frequently in large and encapsulated tumors. It seems to be associated with better local and overall responses in HCC patients who underwent DEB-TACE.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Doxorrubicina , Extravasamento de Materiais Terapêuticos e Diagnósticos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , alfa-Fetoproteínas
11.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 23(7): 883-887, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28027659

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban-a direct oral anticoagulant-use in patients with active cancer and venous thromboembolism (VTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 400 patients with active cancer and associated VTE, defined as deep venous thrombosis and/or pulmonary embolism. This single-center study was carried out from January 2012 to June 2015. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety, using the incidence of recurrent symptomatic VTE and major bleeding, respectively, throughout the treatment with rivaroxaban. RESULTS: Of the 400 patients enrolled, 223 (55.8%) were female. A total of 362 (90.5%) patients had solid tumors and 244 (61%) had metastatic disease. A total of 302 (75.5%) received initial parenteral therapy with enoxaparin (median: 3, mean: 5.6, standard deviation [SD]: 6.4 days) followed by rivaroxaban. Ninety-eight patients (24.5%) were treated with on label rivaroxaban treatment. Recurrence rates were 3.25% with major bleeding occurring in 5.5% during the anticoagulant therapy (median: 118, mean: 163.9, SD: 159.9 days). CONCLUSION: Rivaroxaban can be an attractive alternative for the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Enoxaparina , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/complicações , Adulto Jovem
13.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(4): 473-479, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-840265

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after implantation. The evaluation of patient satisfaction was based on a specific questionnaire used in previous studies. Results In all cases, ultrasound-guided puncture of the basilic vein was feasible and the procedure successfully completed. Early complications included one case of basilic vein thrombophlebitis and one case of pocket infection that did not require device removal. Out of 35 patients interviewed, 33 (94.3%) would recommend the device to other patients. Conclusion Implanting brachial ports is a feasible option, with low intraoperative risk and similar rates of early postoperative complications when compared to the existing data of the conventional technique. The patients studied were satisfied with the device and would recommend the procedure to others.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar prospectivamente segurança perioperatória, complicações precoces e grau de satisfação de pacientes submetidos ao implante de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica pela veia basílica. Métodos Foram acompanhados prospectivamente e submetidos ao implante de cateteres de longa permanência de inserção periférica, entre novembro de 2013 e junho de 2014, 35 pacientes consecutivos com doença oncológica ativa necessitando de quimioterapia. Os procedimentos foram realizados em centro cirúrgico por uma mesma equipe composta por três cirurgiões vasculares. Os desfechos primários avaliados foram as complicações pós-operatórias precoces, ocorridas em até 30 dias após o implante. A avaliação do grau de satisfação foi realizada com base na aplicação de um questionário específico já utilizado em estudos prévios. Resultados Em todos os casos, a punção ecoguiada da veia basílica foi possível, e o procedimento foi concluído com sucesso. As complicações precoces observadas incluíram um caso de tromboflebite de basílica e um de infecção de bolsa, ambos tratados clinicamente sem necessidade de retirada do dispositivo. Dos 35 pacientes interrogados, 33 (94,3%) recomendariam o dispositivo para outras pessoas. Conclusão A implantação do port braquial é uma opção factível, com baixo risco intraoperatório e taxas semelhantes de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas quando comparada a dados já existentes da técnica convencional. Os pacientes estudados apresentaram-se satisfeitos com o dispositivo e recomendariam o procedimento para outras pessoas.

14.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 34: 274-9, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27126716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to perform a systematic literature review of isolated spontaneous celiac trunk dissection (ISCTD), to evaluate initial clinical and diagnostic aspects, treatment modalities, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective search of MEDLINE, Cochrane, and SciELO databases was performed, using the terms celiac artery dissection, celiac trunk dissection, hepatic artery dissection, splenic artery dissection, or left gastric artery dissection to identify instances of ISCTD. Patients with associated aortic and/or other visceral artery dissection were excluded. When available, the following information was collected from each case: gender, age, associated risk factor, symptoms, diagnostic method, treatment modality, and outcome. RESULTS: A total of 60 publications were identified between 1987 and 2015, with 11 cases series and 49 case reports, achieving a total of 169 patients identified with ISCTD. Such information was collected: 99 patients were male and 17 female, with an average age of 53.1 years and the most common symptom was abdominal pain. Diagnosis was mainly made with computed tomography. The most common associated conditions were hypertension and smoking in 31% and 23% of the cases, respectively. Conservative treatment was performed in 79% of the cases. CONCLUSIONS: The profile of patients with ISCTD is male, middle aged, and almost all suffer from abdominal pain. Initial conservative treatment seems adequate for most cases, but a few patients will require interventional treatment. Clinical and radiological long-term follow-up is mandatory, owing to the risk of later progression to aneurysm.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Artéria Celíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Abdominal/epidemiologia , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 33: 237-44, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26902943

RESUMO

Some challenges have been detected when there are long and complex lesions of femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease, even with descriptions of the retrograde pedal approaches. The aim of this article is to describe the retrograde proximal anterior tibial artery access for treatment of femoropopliteal segment occlusion when antegrade recanalization failed (retrograde recanalization and rearranging the system into an antegrade position). Technical and clinical success was achieved in 100% of 4 cases, with an improvement of at least 2 Rutherford classes. Minor complication, small hematoma in an anterior compartment of the limb, occurred in 1 patient. No sign of compartmental syndrome was observed.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Femoral , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Artérias da Tíbia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Constrição Patológica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Punções , Artérias da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 14(4): 473-479, 2016 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28076593

RESUMO

Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after implantation. The evaluation of patient satisfaction was based on a specific questionnaire used in previous studies. Results: In all cases, ultrasound-guided puncture of the basilic vein was feasible and the procedure successfully completed. Early complications included one case of basilic vein thrombophlebitis and one case of pocket infection that did not require device removal. Out of 35 patients interviewed, 33 (94.3%) would recommend the device to other patients. Conclusion: Implanting brachial ports is a feasible option, with low intraoperative risk and similar rates of early postoperative complications when compared to the existing data of the conventional technique. The patients studied were satisfied with the device and would recommend the procedure to others. Objetivo: Avaliar prospectivamente segurança perioperatória, complicações precoces e grau de satisfação de pacientes submetidos ao implante de cateteres centrais de inserção periférica pela veia basílica. Métodos: Foram acompanhados prospectivamente e submetidos ao implante de cateteres de longa permanência de inserção periférica, entre novembro de 2013 e junho de 2014, 35 pacientes consecutivos com doença oncológica ativa necessitando de quimioterapia. Os procedimentos foram realizados em centro cirúrgico por uma mesma equipe composta por três cirurgiões vasculares. Os desfechos primários avaliados foram as complicações pós-operatórias precoces, ocorridas em até 30 dias após o implante. A avaliação do grau de satisfação foi realizada com base na aplicação de um questionário específico já utilizado em estudos prévios. Resultados: Em todos os casos, a punção ecoguiada da veia basílica foi possível, e o procedimento foi concluído com sucesso. As complicações precoces observadas incluíram um caso de tromboflebite de basílica e um de infecção de bolsa, ambos tratados clinicamente sem necessidade de retirada do dispositivo. Dos 35 pacientes interrogados, 33 (94,3%) recomendariam o dispositivo para outras pessoas. Conclusão: A implantação do port braquial é uma opção factível, com baixo risco intraoperatório e taxas semelhantes de complicações pós-operatórias imediatas quando comparada a dados já existentes da técnica convencional. Os pacientes estudados apresentaram-se satisfeitos com o dispositivo e recomendariam o procedimento para outras pessoas.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 31: 206.e9-206.e12, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26597239

RESUMO

A 4-year-old boy presented with acute and profuse bleeding at the tracheostomy site. An emergency angiography was performed and identified a pseudoaneurysm at the innominate artery. A selective catheterization of the artery was executed and 2 Advanta V12 balloon-expandable covered stents were implanted in an overlapping manner to occlude the pseudoaneurysm. Final angiography demonstrated patency of the innominate artery and no signs of bleeding. The patient had no postoperative complications and no further bleeding during follow-up. A contrasted computed tomography scan was performed after 20 days and demonstrated no signs of pseudoaneurysm or bleeding. After 4 months, the patient was readmitted to tracheal dilatation and change of T-tube and died of respiratory complications.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Tronco Braquiocefálico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/cirurgia , Stents , Doenças da Traqueia/cirurgia , Traqueostomia/efeitos adversos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/fisiopatologia , Angiografia Digital , Tronco Braquiocefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Tronco Braquiocefálico/lesões , Tronco Braquiocefálico/fisiopatologia , Pré-Escolar , Evolução Fatal , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico , Fístula do Sistema Respiratório/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Doenças da Traqueia/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/etiologia , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/fisiopatologia
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 30: 159-65, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26541965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of oncologic patients with associated aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA), treated at a specialized cancer (Ca) hospital more than a 10-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, and the data were obtained from our institution's prospective database. Between September 2003 and 2013, a total of 36 consecutive patients with AAA in association with Ca underwent surgical repair. Of these, 9 patients were excluded because the Ca treatment was performed at another service. Most of the patients were male (22) and the most frequent form of neoplasia was prostate Ca. Surgery for AAA repair was performed after the Ca treatment in 19 cases, before Ca treatment in 7 cases and concomitantly in 1 case. The intraoperative characteristics, treatment technique used, complications, patients' clinical evolution, and survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was used in 19 cases (70.4%) and conventional open repair (OR) in 8 cases (29.6%). Surgical treatment was uneventful in 19 cases, however, when present, postoperative complications occurred more frequently with EVAR (36.84% vs. 12.5%). There were no cases of death related to the aneurysm surgery. Most of the patients in both groups were alive at the end of the study. The probability of survival in our study was 65.8% at 3 years and 53% at 5 years, with no statistically significant difference between the EVAR and OR groups. The main cause of death was progression of the neoplastic disease. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who present Ca in association with AAA benefit from surgical treatment of both conditions, simultaneously or not. In these cases, it is important for the treatment to be individualized, and the disease of greater severity should be treated first. The endovascular and conventional open techniques were shown to be equivalent.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Neoplasias/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 39(5): 773-777, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26542028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report a novel modified occlusion balloon technique to treat biliary leaks. METHODS: A 22-year-old female patient underwent liver transplantation with biliary-enteric anastomosis. She developed thrombosis of the common hepatic artery and extensive ischemia in the left hepatic lobe. Resection of segments II and III was performed and a biliary-cutaneous leak originating at the resection plane was identified in the early postoperative period. Initial treatment with percutaneous transhepatic drainage was unsuccessful. Therefore, an angioplasty balloon was coaxially inserted within the biliary drain and positioned close to the leak. RESULTS: The fistula output abruptly decreased after the procedure and stopped on the 7th day. At the 3-week follow-up, cholangiography revealed complete resolution of the leakage. CONCLUSION: This novel modified occlusion balloon technique was effective and safe. However, greater experience and more cases are necessary to validate the technique.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/terapia , Fístula Biliar/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/instrumentação , Fístula Cutânea/terapia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Oclusão com Balão , Bile , Fístula Biliar/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Fístula Cutânea/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Vasc Med ; 20(4): 358-63, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25910918

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to describe 10 cases of symptomatic isolated spontaneous celiac trunk dissection (ISCTD) in order to evaluate the initial clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment modalities and outcomes. A retrospective search was performed from 2009 to 2014 and 10 patients with ISCTD were included in the study. Patients with associated aortic and/or other visceral artery dissection were excluded. The following information was collected from each case: sex, age, associated risk factors, symptoms, diagnostic method, anatomic dissection pattern, treatment modality and outcome. Most patients were male (90%), with an average age of 44.8 years, and the most common symptom was abdominal pain (100%). Hypertension and vasculitis (polyarteritis nodosa) were the most frequent risk factors (40% and 30%, respectively). Diagnosis was made in all patients with computed tomography. Dissection was limited to the celiac trunk in three patients and extended to celiac branches in the other seven. Initial conservative treatment was attempted in every case and was successful in nine patients. In one case, initial conservative treatment was unsuccessful and arterial stenting with coil embolization of the false lumen was performed. After successful initial treatment, late progression of the dissection to aneurysmal dilatation was observed in two patients and it was decided to perform endovascular treatment. Mean follow-up was 19 months, ranging from 2 to 59 months. In conclusion, initial conservative treatment seems adequate for most patients with ISCTD. Long-term follow-up is mandatory, owing to the risk of later progression to aneurysm.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Dissecante/terapia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Artéria Celíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adulto , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Progressão da Doença , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/etiologia
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