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1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(6): 673-679, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237240

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental fear and to evaluate its association with dental caries and molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 8-10 years from a municipality in Northeastern Brazil. Data from 466 students enrolled in urban public schools in a cross-sectional study were collected. Parents/guardians answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, dental fear was measured by means of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and clinical examinations were performed by three calibrated examiners for diagnosis of dental caries, using the International Caries Detection & Assessment System - ICDAS II and a previously validated index for MIH. Descriptive data analysis was performed, and associations between dental fear, dental caries and MIH were analyzed using robust Poisson regression for complex samples (p<0,05). The prevalence of dental fear was 21.6%, and the mean total CFSS-DS score was 29.97 (CI 95%=29.05-30.89). In the multivariate adjusted model, the prevalence of dental fear was associated to family income (PR=1.78; CI 95%=1.02-3.08; p= 0.041). Monthly family income was associated with dental fear in children, whereas dental caries and MIH were not associated with dental fear.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/epidemiologia , Humanos , Dente Molar , Prevalência
2.
Stomatologija ; 21(2): 39-43, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the profile of elderly victims of falls and the occurrence of injuries and fractures in the head and face regions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall, 426 medical records of individuals aged 60 years or older of both genders hospitalized due to fall were analyzed. Data on gender, age group, period of occurrence, type of fall, presence of head and face injury and fracture of facial bones were collected. Data were organized with SPPS, version 20, and presented through descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-square test). Poisson regression analysis was used (α<0.05). RESULTS: The majority of victims were women (62.4%), aged 80 years or older (45.5%). Occurrences were more frequent in the daytime period (65.6%) and falls were mostly from the self-height (93.7%). Head and face lesions were found in 14.1% and 5.9% of victims, respectively. However, the presence of facial fracture was low (1.9%). Association between gender and occurrence of head (p=0.001) and face injury (p=0.017) was observed. The presence of "head injury" was associated with variables "type of fall" (p<0.001) and "existence of bone fracture" (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Women aged 80 or over are the main victims of falls. Occurrences are common in the daytime period and due to falls from self height. Although soft tissue injuries in head and face were common, facial fractures showed low frequency.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Craniocerebrais , Traumatismos Faciais , Fraturas Cranianas , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Faciais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas Cranianas/epidemiologia , Centros de Traumatologia
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(6): 673-679, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132350

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental fear and to evaluate its association with dental caries and molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 8-10 years from a municipality in Northeastern Brazil. Data from 466 students enrolled in urban public schools in a cross-sectional study were collected. Parents/guardians answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, dental fear was measured by means of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) and clinical examinations were performed by three calibrated examiners for diagnosis of dental caries, using the International Caries Detection & Assessment System - ICDAS II and a previously validated index for MIH. Descriptive data analysis was performed, and associations between dental fear, dental caries and MIH were analyzed using robust Poisson regression for complex samples (p<0,05). The prevalence of dental fear was 21.6%, and the mean total CFSS-DS score was 29.97 (CI 95%=29.05-30.89). In the multivariate adjusted model, the prevalence of dental fear was associated to family income (PR=1.78; CI 95%=1.02-3.08; p= 0.041). Monthly family income was associated with dental fear in children, whereas dental caries and MIH were not associated with dental fear.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência de medo odontológico e avaliar sua associação com a cárie dentária e a Hipomineralização molar-incisivo (HMI), em escolares de 8 a 10 anos, em um município da região Nordeste do Brasil. Foram coletados dados de 466 estudantes matriculados em escolas públicas urbanas, em um estudo transversal. Os pais/responsáveis responderam a um questionário abordando características sociodemográficas, o medo odontológico foi mensurado por meio do Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS), e os exames clínicos foram realizados por três examinadores calibrados para o diagnóstico de cárie dentária, utilizando o índice International Caries Detection & Assessment System (ICDAS II) e, por um índice previamente validado, para HMI. Foi realizada a análise descritiva dos dados e as associações entre medo odontológico, cárie dentária e HMI foram avaliadas pela regressão robusta de Poisson para amostras complexas (p<0,05). A prevalência de medo odontológico foi de 21,6%, e o escore médio total do CFSS-DS foi de 29,97 (IC 95%=29,05-30,89). No modelo multivariado ajustado, a prevalência de medo odontológico esteve associada à renda familiar (RP=1,78; IC 95%=1,02-3,08; p= 0,041). A renda familiar mensal foi associada ao medo odontológico em crianças, enquanto a cárie dentária e a HMI não foram associadas ao medo odontológico.

4.
Acta Stomatol Croat ; 54(2): 186-193, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801378

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze a bibliometric profile of scientific production published in Acta Stomatologica Croatica (ASCRO). Material and methods: Scientific papers published from March 2009 to December 2018 were analyzed. Information on the year of publication was collected by four trained examiners. Dentistry area, study type and design, data analysis method, presence of randomization, number of authors and corresponding author affiliation were investigated. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: A total of 328 articles were evaluated, with a predominance of research in the field of Dental Materials (16.5%), with original article being the most frequent (74.1%). Observational studies accounted for 52.4%, using inferential statistics (83.2%) and non-randomized experimental studies (66.1%). Cross-sectional studies were more common in areas of Behavioral, Epidemiologic & Health Services Research (86.3%), case reports in Craniofacial Biology (54.0%) and Oral Health Research (53.1%), while in vitro studies were more common in the areas of Dental Materials (90.7%), Microbiology / Immunology (70.0%) and Cariology Research (66.7%). Most articles were written by four authors (24.1%), while foreign affiliation was observed in 53.0% of studies. Conclusion: The profile of ASCRO scientific production shows a predominance of original studies carried out in the areas of Dental Materials and Behavioral, Epidemiologic & Health Services Research, with growing participation of foreign researchers.

5.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1148

RESUMO

The effects of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on the mental health of healthcare professionals has become a concern, particularly among those who are in close contact with infected patients, including dentists. The aim of this critical literature review was to analyze the possible implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of dentists. This bibliographic search was carried out in the PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases, using the following search keywords "Psychiatry OR anxiety OR fear OR depression OR psychological distress OR mental health" AND "COVID-19 OR SARS-CoV-2" AND "Dentists OR dental practice. Original research publications that included data on the mental health status of dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic were included. Data were tabulated in Microsoft Excel 2016 for Windows and descriptively presented. Eleven publications were eligible for this review. All studies had cross-sectional design. Most of them used questionnaires created by study researchers (81.8%) and were carried out in Italy (45.5%). The number of participants ranged from 14 to 1,500. Effects on the mental health of dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic were observed, regarding fear of contamination, anxiety, concerns, stress, depression, job insecurity, subjective overload, perceived risk and feelings and emotions. It was concluded that the COVID-19 pandemic had negative impact on the mental health of dentists, with high prevalence of fear, anxiety and concern, among other psychological symptoms.

6.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1086

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome of the new coronavirus, SARS CoV-2, which became a pandemic, was first reported in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019. It can cause mild symptoms, but in some cases it can cause serious complications, leading to death. The disease spreads through aerosol droplets and has estimated incubation period between 2 and 14 days (a period in which the patient has high potential to infect other people). Endodontists have high risk of exposure to COVID-19 when compared to other health professionals, since most of the work involves the generation of aerosols and care for patients in emergency situations, such as symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, symptomatic apical periodontitis, acute apical abscess and traumatic dental injuries, is imperative. Thus, this critical review addresses considerations about endodontic care in times of pandemic, whose emergencies imply real need for treatment, as well as the care that must be adopted in order to minimize risks for both professionals and patients who seek the resolution of their clinical pain conditions.

7.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 28(2): 180-188, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132949

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O homicídio, para além de um problema de saúde pública, é também revelador de um complexo contexto de desigualdade social, que impera nas capitais e grandes cidades do Brasil. Objetivo Analisar o contexto socioespacial de vítimas de homicídio doloso em uma capital do nordeste brasileiro. Método Estudo ecológico, de base documental, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em João Pessoa, no estado da Paraíba, no Brasil, em 2015. Consideraram-se 369 vítimas de homicídio doloso. Os dados foram analisados à luz da estatística descritiva e da geografia espacial. Resultados As vítimas de homicídio doloso eram predominantemente homens, adultos jovens, não brancos, solteiros e com menos de sete anos de estudo. Ademais, verificou-se sobreposição, em grande medida, das áreas em que residiam aqueles indivíduos com as áreas de piores condições socioeconômicas. Conclusão O homicídio repercute substancialmente no quadro epidemiológico, porquanto, para além de sua característica letal, as questões que o circunscrevem, em que figura, de forma importante, são questões sociais complexas, amplas e de difícil modificação no curto prazo.


Abstract Background The homicide, besides being a public health problem, also reveals a complex context of social inequality that prevails in capitals and larges cities of Brazil. Objective The objective of this study was to analyze the socio-spatial context of intentional homicide victims in a capital of Brazilian Northeast. Method An ecological and documentary based study with a quantitative approach was carried out in João Pessoa, state of Paraíba, Brazil, in 2015, which considered 369 victims of homicide. Data analysis was carried out in light of descriptive statistics and spatial analysis. Results Victims of malice murder were predominantly male, young adults, non-white, singles, and less than seven years of studies. In addition, there was overlap, to a large extent of the areas where the victims of malice murder resided, with the map of the areas with the worst socioeconomic conditions. Conclusion Homicide has a substantial repercussion on the epidemiological context, in addition to its lethal characteristic. The issues surrounding them, in which important complex social issues appear, are broad and difficult to change in the short term.

8.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(3): 845-858, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159655

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the use of health services according to social determinants, health behaviors and quality of life among diabetics (n = 416) attended by the Family Health Strategy in a northeastern city in Brazil. Data analysis included descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics. Decision Tree modeling was applied using the Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) algorithm. Results showed that public health services were used by 80.7% of the sample. The regular use of public health services involved individuals with low or medium schooling (p < 0.001), employed or retired and/or pensioners (p = 0.019), with a high impact of diabetes on quality of life (p = 0.032), and who performed the number of fasting blood glucose tests per year recommended by the Ministry of Health (p < 0.001). The use of health services could be explained by differences related to social determinants, health behaviors and the impact of diabetes on quality of life.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde da População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(3): 845-858, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089490

RESUMO

Resumo Este estudo investigou a utilização dos serviços de saúde segundo determinantes sociais, comportamentos em saúde e qualidade de vida entre diabéticos. A amostra foi composta por 416 diabéticos cadastrados na Estratégia Saúde da Família de um município do Nordeste do Brasil. A análise dos dados incluiu estatísticas descritivas, bivariadas e multivariada por meio da modelagem de Árvore de Decisão usando o algoritmo Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID). Evidenciou-se expressiva utilização dos serviços públicos de saúde (80,7%). A utilização do serviço público de saúde com regularidade envolveu indivíduos com escolaridade baixa ou média (p < 0,001), empregados ou aposentados e/ou pensionistas (p = 0,019), com alto impacto do diabetes na qualidade de vida (p = 0,032), e que realizavam a quantidade recomendada de exames de glicemia em jejum ao ano (p < 0,001). A utilização dos serviços de saúde pôde ser explicada por diferenças relacionadas aos determinantes sociais, aos comportamentos em saúde e ao impacto do diabetes na qualidade de vida dos usuários.


Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the use of health services according to social determinants, health behaviors and quality of life among diabetics (n = 416) attended by the Family Health Strategy in a northeastern city in Brazil. Data analysis included descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics. Decision Tree modeling was applied using the Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) algorithm. Results showed that public health services were used by 80.7% of the sample. The regular use of public health services involved individuals with low or medium schooling (p < 0.001), employed or retired and/or pensioners (p = 0.019), with a high impact of diabetes on quality of life (p = 0.032), and who performed the number of fasting blood glucose tests per year recommended by the Ministry of Health (p < 0.001). The use of health services could be explained by differences related to social determinants, health behaviors and the impact of diabetes on quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Saúde da População Urbana , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135474

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To identify the prevalence of maxillofacial injuries resulting from interpersonal violence in Brazilian children and adolescents. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a Center of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Dentistry with a sample of 335 medical reports of victims aged up to 19 years. Variables involved sex and age group, perpetrator, occurrence of the event, characterization of injuries, presence of maxillofacial injuries, type of tissue involvement, and injuries in the oral cavity. Data were analyzed using descriptive, and the Chi-square was used for categorical data. Results: Most victims were female (60.3%) and aged 15-19 years (57.6%). Aggressions occurred at home (50.6%), in the evening (39.5%) and involved perpetrators known to the victim (91.5%). Most victims had multiple injuries (75.8%), involving up to three regions of the body (93.4%). Injuries with blunt objects were the most frequent (86.2%). The prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was 36.7%, with low involvement of the oral cavity (8.4%). A significant association between the presence of injuries on the face and variables "perpetrator" (p=0.015) and "number of injuries" (p=0.006) was observed. Conclusion: Female adolescents were the main victims of physical violence, with repercussions in different regions of the body. The prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was high, although with little involvement of oral cavity structures.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135493

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To investigate the socioeconomic, demographic and health needs that influence the access to oral health actions. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 609 individuals who lived in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy in a city of the Northeast of Brazil. All individuals living in areas covered by the FHS with age equal to or higher than six years were included. Data analysis included descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics using decision-tree based Chi-squared automatic interaction detection (CHAID). Results: Most participants were female, aged 25-34 years, ranging in age from 6 to 87 years. It was evidenced that, among the studied variables, the most relevant for understanding the access to oral health actions were: age (p<0.001), educational level (p-value in Node 1 = 0.009; p-value in Node 7 = 0.005) and self-perception of oral health (p=0.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that access to oral health actions is influenced by several social and individual factors, and it is marked by inequalities that favor individuals with higher educational level, better self-perception of oral health and lower age groups.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1101288

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the use of continued-use medications by Brazilian children with microcephaly caused by Congenital Zika Virus Infection. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 76 children of both genders. Information on age, use of continued-use medications, number and type of drugs used was collected. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Continued-use medications were used by 89.4% of the children, anticonvulsants / antiepileptics (88.1%), and those indicated for behavioral disorders (27.1%) were the most frequent. Sodium saccharin, sucrose, and sorbitol are the most common sugars in the composition of these drugs. Conclusion: The use of medicines is high, predominantly anticonvulsants and antiepileptics, which contain sugars in their composition. These drugs can lead to irreversible dental problems, such as tooth decay if proper oral hygiene is not present. Therefore, parents/guardians should be advised about adopting healthy oral hygiene habits after the administration of these drugs.

13.
ABCS health sci ; 44(3): 154-160, 20 dez 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047649

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O homicídio é um problema de Saúde Pública no Brasil não raro relacionado com drogas ilícitas. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os homicídios e os aspectos associados ao uso de drogas ilícitas. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em João Pessoa, no estado da Paraíba, no Brasil, em 2014. Consideraram-se 424 vítimas de homicídios cujos dados foram coletados através de um instrumento próprio, analisados com auxílio de software estatístico, com Teste de Qui-Quadrado e Regressão Robusta de Poisson, considerando um nível confiança de 95% e significância estatística quando p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Predominância de vítimas de homicídios homens (93,2%), não brancos (97,2%), com até 30 anos, considerando as faixas etárias de menor de 20 anos (22,6%), de 20 a 24 (26,7%) e 25 a 29 (18,8%), com menos de sete anos de estudo (67,5%), com histórico de envolvimento com drogas ilícitas (72,5%) e de encarceramento (59,7%). Observaram-se associações entre envolvimento com drogas ilícitas e as variáveis: sexo (p=0,037), idade (p=0,002) e histórico de encarceramento (p<0,001). A prevalência ajustada de envolvimento com drogas ilícitas foi 67% maior entre aqueles com histórico de encarceramento (RP: 1,67; IC95%: 1,44-1,94) e 28% menor entre indivíduos com 30 anos ou mais (RP: 0,72; IC: 0,58-0,88). CONCLUSÃO: O homicídio está inserido em um quadro de complexas questões sociais, dentre as quais se insere o envolvimento com drogas ilícitas, e é mais prevalente entre indivíduos com histórico de encarceramento e menos prevalente entre os de mais de 30 anos.


INTRODUCTION: Homicide is a public health problem in Brazil that is often related to illicit drugs. OBJECTIVE: To characterize homicides and aspects associated with the use of illicit drugs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach carried out in Joao Pessoa, in the state of Paraiba, Brazil, in 2014. 424 homicide victims whose data were collected through a specific instrument were considered, analyzed descriptively and analytically with the aid of statistical software, with Chi Squared Test and Robust Poisson Regression, considering a confidence level of 95% and statistical significance when p<0.05. RESULTS: Prevalence of homicide victims (93.2%), non-whites (97.2%), with up to 30 years, considering the age groups below 20 years (22.6%), 20-24 (26.7%) and 25 to 29 (18.8%), with less than seven years of study (67.5%), with a history of involvement with illicit drugs (72.5%) and incarceration (59.7%). There was an association between involvement with illicit drugs with sex (p=0.037), age (p=0.002) and history of incarceration (p<0.001). There was a 67% higher prevalence of involvement with illicit drugs among those with a history of incarceration (PR: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.44-1.94) and 28% lower among individuals aged 30 years or older (PR: 0.72, CI: 0.58-0.88). CONCLUSION: Homicide is part of a complex set of social issues, including involvement with illicit drugs, which is more prevalent among young adults and individuals with a history of incarceration.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Drogas Ilícitas , Mortalidade , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 217-224, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013286

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the risk behavior for bulimia among female adolescents from public and private high schools. Methods: A cross-sectional study with a random sample of 850 female students aged 15-18 years was carried out in a city in northeastern Brazil, using the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) to assess the risk behavior for bulimia. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software and the Pearson's chi-square , Fisher's exact and robust Poisson regression tests, adopting the significance level of 5%. Results: Less than half of the sample (42.0%) showed standards of dietary risk and weight control practices; in 1.4% of the sample, bulimia signs were already installed. Fear of gaining weight was reported by 62.8% of the subjects. Risk practices were lower among students from public schools; (Odds Ratio - OR - 0.82; confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI - 0.69-0.97). Among restrictive practices, fasting for a whole day was the most applied (29.9% of the students). Among individuals who were at risk situation, almost half believed to have normal eating habits (prevalence ratio - PR - 0.42; 95%CI 0.36-0.49). Individuals who consider their eating habits normal, who are afraid of gaining weight, those who seek emotional comfort in food and follow strict diets had higher risk for bulimia (p<0.05). Conclusions: The number of female adolescent students with risk behavior practices for bulimia is high, and the frequency of those unaware of this situation is also very high. Risk situations emerge as a collective health problem, and individuals from private schools were more likely to be in this situation.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar comportamentos de risco para bulimia em adolescentes do sexo feminino de escolas públicas e particulares. Métodos: Estudo transversal com amostra aleatória de 850 estudantes do sexo feminino, com idades entre 15 e 18 anos, realizado em cidade do Nordeste do Brasil, utilizando o Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) para avaliar comportamentos de risco para transtornos alimentares. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson, o teste exato de Fisher e a regressão de Poisson, com o software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), adotando o nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultados: Da amostra estudada, 42,0% apresentou padrões de risco e práticas de dieta e controle de peso e 1,4% já apresentava sinais de bulimia instalados. O medo de ganhar peso foi relatado por 62,8% das adolescentes. As práticas de risco foram menos frequentes em estudantes de escolas públicas (Odds Ratio - OR - 0,82; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% - 0,69-0,97). Entre as práticas restritivas, jejum por um dia inteiro foi o mais aplicado pelas participantes (29,9%). Entre os indivíduos com situação de risco, quase metade acreditava ter hábitos alimentares normais (razão de prevalência - RP - 0,42; IC95% 0,36-0,49). Estudantes que consideram seus hábitos alimentares normais, que têm medo de ganhar peso, que procuram conforto emocional em alimentos e seguem dietas rigorosas tiveram maior risco para bulimia (p<0,05). Conclusões: O número de estudantes com práticas de comportamento de risco para bulimia é alto, e o número daquelas que desconhecem essa situação também é muito alto. As situações de risco emergem como problemas de saúde coletiva, e indivíduos de escolas particulares são mais propensos a apresentar transtornos alimentares.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Estilo de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bulimia/psicologia , Bulimia/epidemiologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Medição de Risco , Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta Redutora/efeitos adversos , Dieta Redutora/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
15.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 37(2): 217-224, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the risk behavior for bulimia among female adolescents from public and private high schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a random sample of 850 female students aged 15-18 years was carried out in a city in northeastern Brazil, using the Bulimic Investigatory Test of Edinburgh (BITE) to assess the risk behavior for bulimia. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software and the Pearson's chi-square , Fisher's exact and robust Poisson regression tests, adopting the significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Less than half of the sample (42.0%) showed standards of dietary risk and weight control practices; in 1.4% of the sample, bulimia signs were already installed. Fear of gaining weight was reported by 62.8% of the subjects. Risk practices were lower among students from public schools; (Odds Ratio - OR - 0.82; confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI - 0.69-0.97). Among restrictive practices, fasting for a whole day was the most applied (29.9% of the students). Among individuals who were at risk situation, almost half believed to have normal eating habits (prevalence ratio - PR - 0.42; 95%CI 0.36-0.49). Individuals who consider their eating habits normal, who are afraid of gaining weight, those who seek emotional comfort in food and follow strict diets had higher risk for bulimia (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The number of female adolescent students with risk behavior practices for bulimia is high, and the frequency of those unaware of this situation is also very high. Risk situations emerge as a collective health problem, and individuals from private schools were more likely to be in this situation.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Bulimia , Dieta Redutora , Comportamento Alimentar , Estilo de Vida , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bulimia/epidemiologia , Bulimia/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Redutora/efeitos adversos , Dieta Redutora/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Distribuição Aleatória , Medição de Risco
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4543, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997899

RESUMO

Objective: To compare self-perceived information and clinically diagnosed dental caries status among Indonesian children aged 12­15 years. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was used to obtain self-perceived information. Clinical examinations were conducted to determine the mean number of decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT) and the presence of severely decayed teeth with visible pulpal involvement, ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments, fistula, and abscess (PUFA). The study included 494 children aged 12­15 years recruited from six junior high schools in Jakarta, Indonesia. The clinical examination results and responses to the self-perceived assessment questionnaire were compared to determine the sensitivity and specificity. Results: The proportions of children with dental caries and clinical consequences of untreated dental caries in this study were 69.4% and 17.6%, respectively, with mean DMFT and PUFA index scores of 2.4 and 0.2, respectively. For the DMFT index, the self-perceived need for oral treatment had the highest sensitivity (86%), while the dental pain had the highest specificity (89%). For the PUFA index, the self perceived oral health condition had the highest sensitivity (92%), while the self-perceived dental pain had the highest specificity (82%). However, none of the self-perceived variables had both high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: Self-perceived information obtained from the questionnaire can not properly evaluate the clinical status of dental caries.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Autoimagem , Diagnóstico Clínico/diagnóstico , Índice CPO , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Indonésia , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4785, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998223

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate in situ the effect of toothpastes containing casein phosphopeptide - amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate associated to fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on initial erosion prevention. Material and Methods: Bovine enamel blocks (n = 192) were randomly assigned into 4 phases according to the baseline surface hardness: GI: CPP-ACP Paste (MI Paste™), GII: CPP-ACPF Paste (MI Paste Plus™), GIII: Fluoridated paste and GIV: Placebo Paste. In each of the 4 crossover phases, twelve volunteers wore intraoral palatal appliances containing 4 enamel blocks for 2 hours, then the tested treatments were applied intraorally (3 min) and the appliance was maintained in the mouth for another 3 hours. After, the appliances were removed and immersed in hydrochloric acid (0.01 M, pH 2.3) for 30 seconds to promote erosive demineralization. The final surface hardness was evaluated and percentage of surface hardness loss was calculated. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 5%). Results: The application of CPP-ACP paste, independent of fluoride content, resulted in significant lower enamel hardness loss (GI: 9.26% ±3.48 and GII: 9.14% ±1.73) compared to NaF (GIII: 15.5% ± 3.94) and placebo (GIV: 16.7% ± 4.07) pastes, which did not show difference between them. Conclusion: The CPP-ACP pastes were able to reduce initial erosive demineralization in relation to fluoride and placebo pastes. Nevertheless the formulation of CPP-ACP with fluoride did not provide an additional benefit.


Assuntos
Erosão Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cremes Dentais , Fluoreto de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Desmineralização do Dente/diagnóstico , Brasil , Método Duplo-Cego , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
18.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 23: e-1214, jan.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1051557

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: analisar a prevalência de violência escolar entre adolescentes brasileiros com foco nos fatores associados aos comportamentos de vitimização e agressão entre os atores escolares. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal com 678 estudantes de 10 e 19 anos, de escolas públicas municipais de Campina Grande, Brasil. Analisaram-se as variáveis: sexo, idade, violência escolar, violência escolar física, psicológica, material, virtual e simbólica; uso de álcool, arma branca e arma de fogo na escola. Utilizou-se a Escala de Violência Escolar (EVE). Os dados foram organizados com o programa estatístico SPSS, considerando-se o nível de significância de 5% e intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: a violência escolar foi reportada por 86,3% dos escolares. Adolescentes femininos foram vítimas de violência psicológica (79,7%), enquanto os masculinos sofreram mais vitimização por violência física (65,4%). Observou-se associação entre a variável "ser agressor" com o "uso de álcool" (p<0,001; RP=3,92 [2,01-7,65]), "portar arma branca na escola" (p=0,03; RP=2,17 [1,08-4,34]) e "portar arma de fogo" (RP=17,73; [2,32-135,02]). CONCLUSÃO: a ocorrência de violência escolar é elevada e envolve, predominantemente, estudantes do sexo masculino, que demonstram comportamento de risco tanto como vítimas quanto como agressores.(AU)


Objective: analyzing the prevalence of school violence among Brazilian adolescents, focusing on the factors associated with the behavior of victimization and aggression in school actors. Methods: cross-sectional study with 678 students from 10 to 19 years of age in public municipal schools of Campina Grande, Brazil. The following variables were analyzed: sex, age, school violence, physical, psychological, material, virtual, and symbolic violence; use of alcohol, melee weapons, and firearms at school. The Escala de Violência Escolar (EVE) was used. Data were organized using the statistical program SPSS, considering a significance level of 5% and a confidence interval of 95%. Results: school violence was reported by 86.3% of students. Female adolescents were victims of psychological violence (79.7%), while male adolescents were more victimized by physical violence (65.4%). An association was found between the variable "being an aggressor" and "use of alcohol" (p<0.001; RP=3.92 [2.01-7.65]), "carrying melee weapons at school" (p=0.03; RP=2.17 [1.08-4.34]) and "carrying firearms" (RP=17.73; [2.32-135.02]). Conclusion: school violence is high and involves, predominantly male students, who show risk behavior both as victims and as aggressors. (AU)


Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de la violencia escolar entre los adolescentes brasileños con un enfoque en los factores asociados con las conductas de victimización y agresión entre los actores escolares. Método: estudio transversal con 678 estudiantes de 10 y 19 años, de escuelas públicas de Campina Grande, Brasil. Se analizaron las siguientes variables: género, edad, violencia escolar, violencia escolar física, psicológica, material, virtual y simbólica; consumo de alcohol, armas blancas y armas de fuego en la escuela. Se utilizó la Escala de violencia escolar (EVE). Los datos se organizaron utilizando el programa estadístico SPSS, considerando un nivel de significancia del 5% y un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Resultados: el 86.3% de los estudiantes reportaron violencia escolar. Las adolescentes fueron víctimas de violencia psicológica (79.7%), mientras que los varones fueron más víctimas de violencia física (65.4%). Hubo una asociación entre la variable "ser agresor" con "consumo de alcohol" (p <0.001; PR = 3.92 [2.01-7.65]), "llevar un arma blanca a la escuela" (p = 0 , 03; RP = 2.17 [1.08-4.34]) y "llevar un arma de fuego" (RP = 17.73; [2.32-135.02]). Conclusión: La incidencia de violencia escolar es alta e involucra predominantemente a estudiantes varones, quienes demuestran comportamientos de riesgo como víctimas y agresores. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Instituições Acadêmicas , Violência , Fatores de Risco , Vítimas de Crime , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Agressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Saúde do Adolescente
19.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(1): 74-78, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30302841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The eruption of primary teeth represents a stage of many challenges for parents. AIM: To investigate the occurrence of signs and symptoms related to the eruption of the primary dentition in children with congenital Zika syndrome. DESIGN: Longitudinal study developed with 79 children followed up for a period of 24 months. Data on sex, gestational age, low birthweight, microcephaly, signs and symptoms related to the dental eruption phase, and use and type of medication were collected. Data were presented by descriptive and inferential statistics (chi-square test). RESULTS: The majority (94.9%) exhibited simultaneously two or more signs and symptoms related to dental eruption. Increased salivation (91.1%), irritability (86.1%), and gingival itching (83.5%) were the most commonly reported signs and symptoms. Bivariate analysis showed association between elevation of body temperature and sex (P < 0.05). Almost two-thirds of mothers (63.3%) reported using medication to relieve symptoms presented by the child; however, the use of topical medication prevailed (57.1%). CONCLUSION: All children with congenital Zika syndrome presented manifestations related to the eruption of primary teeth, with increased salivation, irritability, and gingival pruritus. The use of ointments and gels was the option of mothers in the treatment of the oral discomfort presented by infants.


Assuntos
Erupção Dentária/fisiologia , Infecção por Zika virus/congênito , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Infecção por Zika virus/fisiopatologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1056863

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To perform chemical analysis and to evaluate the anti-biofilm and hemolytic effect of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus. Material and Methods: Gaseous chromatography coupled to mass spectrometer was performed for chemical characterization of the essential oil. To verify the antimicrobial action, the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC), Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined. From MIC, MBC and MFC data, concentrations were established to verify the anti-biofilm effect and for the hemolysis test on human erythrocytes. A multispecies biofilm was developed in vitro and mouthwash applications were simulated to determine the inhibition of biofilm formation or its removal. Results were analyzed through ANOVA statistical test, complemented by the Tukey test, considering a significance level of 5% Results: The major component of the essential oil is citral. MIC verified for Streptococcus mutans was 1mg / mL, while for Candida albicans, it was 125 μg/mL, presenting microbicidal effect for both microorganisms tested. The essential oil was able to inhibit biofilm formation (p<0.001), presenting non-toxic hemolysis percentage in concentration below 500 μg/mL Conclusion: The essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus is antimicrobial, antibiofilm and non-toxic to human erythrocytes, representing a natural product with potential for use in Dentistry.

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