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1.
Future Oncol ; 2020 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567377

RESUMO

Aim: This article refers to the European School of Oncology Clinical Training Centers (CTCs) program, which is a granted Fellowships program dedicated to young oncologists in training. Materials & methods: A total of 74 fellowships were offered by several CTCs during the last 7 years. Candidates were enrolled for 3-6 months of training rotations as fellows or observers in more than 30 training programs in well known Cancer Centers around Europe. Fellowships were covering medical, surgical, radiation and pediatric oncology specialties, laboratory diagnostic training and experimental, translational and clinical research. Fellows originated from Europe, Latin America and Mediterranean Africa. Results: Analysis of the questionnaire assessment showed that 95.5% of the fellows evaluated CTC programs with an 'excellent' or 'very good' score, while 100% declare that they had reached their objectives. Conclusion: The European School of Oncology CTC program designed for an additional practical education abroad meets the needs of young oncologists.

2.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 151: 102976, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389896

RESUMO

We investigated the impact of the European School of Oncology's (ESO) Masterclass (MCO) in Clinical Oncology on the career development of young participants. MCO represents the flagship educational activity of ESO and is organized annually, mostly in collaboration with the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) in five different geographical regions. A questionnaire consisting of 21 questions was sent to all doctors who attended the ESO MCOs from 2009 to 2016. The 228 responders were mostly from European countries and hold the specialty of Medical Oncology. Ninety-five percent of them evaluated ESO MCOs as "extremely useful" or "useful" for their professional career. Around 60% were trained at University Hospitals or Cancer Institutes and currently, one-third of them are employed in Academic Centers. Eighty percent have performed translational or clinical research and 77.5% were able to publish in pertinent international journals. The contribution of ESO MCOs to trainees' career development in different oncology disciplines around the world is discussed.


Assuntos
Educação Médica Continuada , Educação Profissionalizante/organização & administração , Oncologia/educação , Neoplasias , Médicos , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Oncologia/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
J Cancer Educ ; 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303982

RESUMO

In this article, we report on the clinical case presentations that have been delivered during the ESO or ESO-ESMO Masterclasses in Clinical Oncology in the last 10 years. Masterclasses have been held in three different geographical continents including Europe, Middle East, and Latin America, in which participants had to submit a clinical case and present it either in front of a tumor board (multidisciplinary-like sessions) or in small groups. Clinical case presentation is a unique part of the educational program preparing young oncologists to present and discuss their own patients with distinguished experts. In each Masterclass, between 40 and 55 clinical cases-depending on the number of participants-are presented. All presentations are assessed and evaluated by faculty members as well as by the rest of the participants.

4.
Blood ; 135(21): 1859-1869, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32267500

RESUMO

Most patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are diagnosed with early-stage disease and managed with active surveillance. The individual course of patients with early-stage CLL is heterogeneous, and their probability of needing treatment is hardly anticipated at diagnosis. We aimed at developing an international prognostic score to predict time to first treatment (TTFT) in patients with CLL with early, asymptomatic disease (International Prognostic Score for Early-stage CLL [IPS-E]). Individual patient data from 11 international cohorts of patients with early-stage CLL (n = 4933) were analyzed to build and validate the prognostic score. Three covariates were consistently and independently correlated with TTFT: unmutated immunoglobulin heavy variable gene (IGHV), absolute lymphocyte count higher than 15 × 109/L, and presence of palpable lymph nodes. The IPS-E was the sum of the covariates (1 point each), and separated low-risk (score 0), intermediate-risk (score 1), and high-risk (score 2-3) patients showing a distinct TTFT. The score accuracy was validated in 9 cohorts staged by the Binet system and 1 cohort staged by the Rai system. The C-index was 0.74 in the training series and 0.70 in the aggregate of validation series. By meta-analysis of the training and validation cohorts, the 5-year cumulative risk for treatment start was 8.4%, 28.4%, and 61.2% among low-risk, intermediate-risk, and high-risk patients, respectively. The IPS-E is a simple and robust prognostic model that predicts the likelihood of treatment requirement in patients with early-stage CLL. The IPS-E can be useful in clinical management and in the design of early intervention clinical trials.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182952

RESUMO

Hodgkin lymphoma is a haematological malignancy predominantly affecting young adults. Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable disease by current treatment standards. Latest treatment guidelines for Hodgkin lymphoma however imply access to diagnostic and treatment modalities that may not be available in settings with restricted healthcare resources. Considerable discrepancies in Hodgkin lymphoma patient survival exist, with poorer outcomes reported in resources-constrained settings. Resources-stratified guidelines for diagnosis, staging and treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma were derived in an effort to optimize patient outcome provided a given setting of available resources. These guidelines were derived based on the framework of the Breast Health Global Initiative stratifying resource levels in basic, core, advanced and maximal categories.

6.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896686

RESUMO

Early progression of disease (POD) within two years from diagnosis is linked with poor overall survival (OS) in follicular lymphoma but its prognostic role is less clear in extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL). We sought to identify prognostic factors associated with early POD and to determine whether is associated with inferior OS. We analyzed the impact of early POD in the IELSG19 clinical trial dataset (training set of 401 patients randomly assigned to chlorambucil or rituximab or chlorambucil plus rituximab). Reproducibility was examined in a validation set of 287 patients who received systemic treatment. In both sets, we excluded from the analysis the patients who, within 24 months from treatment start, died without progression or were lost to follow-up without prior progression. OS was calculated from progression in patients with early POD and from 24 months after start of treatment in those without (reference group). Early POD was observed in 69 of the 384 (18%) evaluable patients of the IELSG19 study. Patients with high-risk MALT-IPI were more likely to have early POD (p=0.006). The 10-year OS rate was 64% in the early POD group and 85% in the reference group (HR= 2.42, 95%CI, 1.35-4.34; log-rank P=0.002). This prognostic impact was confirmed in the validation set, in which early POD was observed in 64 out of 224 (29%) evaluable patients with 10-year OS rate of 48% in the early POD group and 71% in the reference group (HR= 2.15, 95%CI, 1.19-3.90; log-rank P=0.009). In patients with EMZL who received front-line systemic treatment, early POD is associated with poorer survival and may represent a useful endpoint in future prospective clinical trials.

7.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 146: 102798, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918958

RESUMO

In this review, we summarize the history of the 41 Masterclasses in Clinical Oncology (MCO) organized by ESO or ESO-ESMO during the last 17 years. MCOs have been held in five different geographical regions including: a) Central Europe, b) Eastern Europe and Balkans, c) Baltic and Euroasia, d) Arab World and Southern European Countries and e) Latin America. More than 2.000 young oncologists have attended and more than 250 distinguished faculty members have actively participated. The program exposes students to sessions covering all major tumors ("big killers") and to spotlights updating information on various important cancers and related topics. Participants are able to present their own clinical case in front of a tumor board or in parallel group sessions and are evaluated by a Learning Assessment Test (LAT) at the end of the event. They are asked to discuss the programme, using a questionnaire on the goals, quality and organization of the MCOs, which has been very highly scored by most of the participants. The Masterclass in Clinical Oncology has become the major educational event of ESO, intending to educate young oncologists from various countries within or outside Europe, providing an up-to-date interactive program based on solid evidence for all presented topics.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração , Oncologia/educação , Oncologistas/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Oncologia/tendências , Sociedades Médicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
8.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(1): 34-37, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872890

RESUMO

This report summarizes a closed workshop cosponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research, the European School of Oncology, and the 15th-International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma to discuss critical open questions on liquid biopsy in lymphoid malignancies, develops a roadmap for their analytical and clinical validation, and prioritizes research areas.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Linfoma/sangue , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/genética , Linfoma/terapia , Manejo de Espécimes
9.
J Cancer Educ ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845109

RESUMO

Masterclass in Clinical Oncology (MCO) represents the "key educational event" of European School of Oncology's (ESO) teaching program. MCO in collaboration with European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) is a multidisciplinary and clinical oriented educational event offered mainly to young oncologists worldwide. It provides full immersion in oncology with clinical case presentations and a Learning Self-Assessment Test (LSAT).LSAT is consisting of 45 multiple choice questions on an electronic platform referring to the material taught during the MCO. Three questions related to their topics are requested in advance from each faculty member. The major intentions of LSAT are the following: (a) the learning reflection of the massive information given during 4-5 days of intensive teaching and (b) to offer the opportunity to the participants to prepare themselves for their National Boards or for ESMO examination.In this article, we are analyzing and evaluating the results of LSAT from the ESO-ESMO Central European MCOs. We used the information of Central European MCOs for analysis due to the homogeneity of the available data. We assessed the level of participants' knowledge in relation to their oncology specialty or to their country of origin and the level of the quality of faculty teaching.

10.
Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book ; 39: 302-308, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099647

RESUMO

The global cancer burden is estimated to have risen to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. By 2030, the number of cancer cases is projected to increase to 24.6 million and the number of cancer deaths, to 13 million. Global data mask the social and health disparities that influence cancer incidence and survival. Inequality in exposure to carcinogens, education, access to quality diagnostic services, and affordable treatments all affect the probability of survival. Worryingly, despite the fact that many cancers could be prevented by stronger public health actions and many others could be largely cured by better access to diagnostics and affordable treatments, the international community has yet to make a substantial move to tackle this challenge. In prostate cancer, studies show that there are geographic and racial/ethnic distribution differences as well as a number of other variables, including environmental factors, limited access to standard cancer treatments, reduced probability to be included in trials, and the financial burden of cancer treatments. Financial burden for the patients can result in poor adherence, increased debt, and poor long-term outcomes. The following article will discuss some of the important causes for disparity in prostate cancer and prostate cancer care, focused on the current situation in the United States, as well as possible remedies to address these causes.


Assuntos
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos , Saúde Global , Gastos em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(1): 172-179, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28583031

RESUMO

The pivotal LYM-3002 study compared frontline rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP) with bortezomib, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and prednisone (VR-CAP) in newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients for whom stem cell transplantation was not an option. This post hoc subanalysis of the VR-CAP data from LYM-3002 evaluated the effect of bortezomib dose intensity on OS in patients who completed ≥6 cycles of treatment. From the end of cycle 6, patients receiving ≥4.6 mg/m2/cycle of bortezomib had significantly longer OS (but not PFS) compared with those receiving <4.6 mg/m2/cycle by univariate analysis (HR 0.43 [95% CI: 0.23-0.80]; p = .0059). This association remained significant in multivariate analysis adjusting for baseline patient and disease characteristics (HR 0.40 [95% CI: 0.20-0.79]; p = .008]. Higher bortezomib dose intensity was the strongest predictor of OS in newly diagnosed MCL patients receiving VR-CAP. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00722137.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Análise de Sobrevida
12.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare malignancy, and its prognosis depends significantly on its early diagnosis. While fine needle aspiration (FNA) represents the gold standard to identify differentiated thyroid carcinoma, its reliability for the detection of PTL is still unclear. Here we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic performance of FNA in PTL. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus databases was conducted to retrieve papers reporting histologically proven PTL undergone FNA. The last search was performed in February 2018 without language and time restrictions. RESULTS: Thirty-two studies describing 593 PTL were included and the pooled FNA sensitivity was 0.48 (95% CI = 0.38 to 0.58). FNA sensitivity was 0.51 in 20 studies published before 2010 and 0.39 in those published later, 0.50 in six articles with at least 20 cases, and 0.44 in nine series enrolled after 2000. This performance was similar in 12 articles including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (0.54) and those six on marginal zone lymphoma (0.56). Remarkably, FNA sensitivity increased to 0.72 when considering also FNA reports suspicious for PTL reported in 14 articles. Heterogeneity among the series was found. Publication bias was not always detected. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis demonstrated that FNA has low sensitivity in diagnosing PTL. However, this rate increased when considering also FNA reports suspicious for PTL, which is relevant from a clinical standpoint. This result could support indirectly the use of additional imaging and/or core biopsy when PTL is suspected.

13.
Lancet Oncol ; 19(11): 1449-1458, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the LYM-3002 study, the efficacy and safety of frontline bortezomib plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) were compared in transplant-ineligible patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, mantle cell lymphoma. We report the final overall survival and safety outcomes for patients in the long-term follow-up phase after the primary progression-free-survival endpoint was met. METHODS: LYM-3002 was a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study done at 128 clinical centres in 28 countries in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Adult patients with confirmed stage II-IV previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, who were ineligible for bone marrow transplantation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive six or eight 21-day cycles of VR-CAP (intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and bortezomib 1·3 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2) or R-CHOP (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 [2 mg maximum], rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2). Randomisation was done according to a computer-generated randomisation schedule prepared by the sponsor; permuted blocks central randomisation was used (block size of 4), and was stratified by International Prognostic Index score and disease stage at diagnosis. The primary endpoint of this final analysis was overall survival, which was analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00722137, and is closed to new participants with follow-up completed. FINDINGS: Between May 22, 2008, and Dec 5, 2011, 487 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. 268 patients (140 in the VR-CAP group and 128 in the R-CHOP group) were included in the follow-up analysis, which included patients with data available after the primary analysis clinical cutoff date of Dec 2, 2013. After median follow-up of 82·0 months (IQR 74·1-94·2), median overall survival was significantly longer in the VR-CAP group than in the R-CHOP group (90·7 months [95% CI 71·4 to not estimable] vs 55·7 months [47·2 to 68·9]; hazard ratio 0·66 [95% CI 0·51-0·85]; p=0·001). Three new adverse events were reported since the primary analysis cutoff (one each of grade 4 lung adenocarcinoma and grade 4 gastric cancer in the VR-CAP group, and one case of grade 2 pneumonia in the R-CHOP group). 103 (42%) of 243 patients in the VR-CAP group, and 138 (57%) of 244 in the R-CHOP group died; the most common cause of death was progressive disease. INTERPRETATIONS: Compared with R-CHOP, VR-CAP was associated with significantly longer survival, and had a manageable and expected safety profile. Our results support further assessment of VR-CAP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma. FUNDING: Janssen Research & Development.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ásia , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , América do Norte , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
14.
Hematol Oncol ; 36(5): 757-764, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30113708

RESUMO

The prognostic factors and outcome of 58 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (AR-DLBCL) patients from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study, diagnosed from 2004 to 2011, were compared with those of 326 immunocompetent (IC)-DLBCL from the Hematology Division of the Amedeo Avogadro University (Italy) and the Oncology Institute of Southern Switzerland. Median follow-up was 6 years; 5-year overall survival (OS) was 68% (95% CI: 63%-73%) in IC-DLBCL and 63% (95% CI: 49%-75%) in AR-DLBCL (P = .220). The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma international prognostic index predicted OS in AR-DLBCL. Among 148 patients younger than 61 years (40 AR-DLBCL and 108 IC-DLBCL) treated with RCHOP/RCHOP-like regimens, 20 IC-DLBCL and 9 AR-DLBCL patients died and OS was not significantly different. A higher proportion of early deaths occurred in the AR-DLBCL: indeed, 1-year OS was 94% (95% CI: 87%-97%) in IC-DLBCL and 82% (95% CI: 66%-91%) in AR-DLBCL patients. After rituximab and active antiretroviral therapy introduction, AR-DLBCL and IC-DLBCL patients treated with curative intent have similar long-term survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Infecções por HIV , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Infecções por HIV/mortalidade , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
15.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 20(10): 79, 2018 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30132080

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) prognosis is strictly related to the characteristics of the disease, which can range from very indolent cases to highly aggressive and refractory ones. Here we will review the current knowledge on MCL biomarkers. RECENT FINDINGS: Biomarker-informed diagnosis is essential for differentiating MCL from other mature B cell tumors. Diagnosis of MCL relies on the identification of the t(11;14) translocation by FISH or the consequently aberrant expression of cyclin D1 by immunohistochemistry. For the few cases staining negative for cyclin D1, SOX11 may help to define the diagnosis. Prognostic biomarkers have been proposed to stratify MCL patients, including baseline clinical aspects (leukemic non-nodal presentation, in situ presentation, Mantle cell International Prognostic Index-MIPI), pathological aspects (blastoid morphology, Ki-67 proliferation index, SOX11 expression), genetic aspects (immunoglobulin gene mutation status, TP53 deletion or mutation, CDKN2A deletion), and depth of response after treatment (PET imaging, molecular minimal residual disease). Such tools are increasingly used as a guide for therapeutic decisions. Watchful waiting approach is recommended for patients harboring favorable clinico-biological features, such as leukemic non-nodal presentation, low MIPI score, non-blastoid disease, low Ki-67 proliferation rate, mutated immunoglobulin genes, and the lack of SOX11 expression. For patients in need of frontline therapy, the decision of whether to undertake intensive regimens is based upon patient's age and comorbidities. Central nervous system prophylaxis is recommended for cases showing blastoid morphology. The duration of remission is tightly correlated to the depth of response. With the aim of achieving a longer duration of remission and survival, younger patients may pursue more intensive regimens incorporating high-dose cytarabine, followed by myeloablative consolidation chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplantation, and rituximab maintenance. Older patients could, on the other hand, benefit from lower intensity immunochemotherapy followed or not by a maintenance therapy depending on which frontline regimen is used. Despite the identification of several potential useful biomarkers that may inform the treatment decisions and the design of clinical trials, the treatment choice remains nowadays determined by the patient age and fitness rather than by the individual patient characteristics. Tailoring therapy toward a risk-adapted strategy to accommodate the wide spectrum of disease is an urgent challenge, and clinical trials may explore the feasibility of a biomarker-defined therapeutic policy.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Prognóstico
16.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(11): e563-e598, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29907552

RESUMO

Tremendous progress in treatment and outcomes has been achieved across the whole range of haematological malignancies in the past two decades. Although cure rates for aggressive malignancies have increased, nowhere has progress been more impactful than in the management of typically incurable forms of haematological cancer. Population-based data have shown that 5-year survival for patients with chronic myelogenous and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, indolent B-cell lymphomas, and multiple myeloma has improved markedly. This improvement is a result of substantial changes in disease management strategies in these malignancies. Several haematological malignancies are now chronic diseases that are treated with continuously administered therapies that have unique side-effects over time. In this Commission, an international panel of clinicians, clinical investigators, methodologists, regulators, and patient advocates representing a broad range of academic and clinical cancer expertise examine adverse events in haematological malignancies. The issues pertaining to assessment of adverse events examined here are relevant to a range of malignancies and have been, to date, underexplored in the context of haematology. The aim of this Commission is to improve toxicity assessment in clinical trials in haematological malignancies by critically examining the current process of adverse event assessment, highlighting the need to incorporate patient-reported outcomes, addressing issues unique to stem-cell transplantation and survivorship, appraising challenges in regulatory approval, and evaluating toxicity in real-world patients. We have identified a range of priority issues in these areas and defined potential solutions to challenges associated with adverse event assessment in the current treatment landscape of haematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Segurança , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos
17.
Blood ; 132(2): 179-186, 2018 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29720487

RESUMO

An important unmet need in the management of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is to identify the patients for whom first-line therapy will fail to intervene before the lymphoma becomes refractory. High heterogeneity of intratumoral 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) uptake distribution on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans has been suggested as a possible marker of chemoresistance in solid tumors. In the present study, we investigated the prognostic value of metabolic heterogeneity (MH) in 103 patients with PMBCL prospectively enrolled in the International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group (IELSG) 26 study, aimed at clarifying the role of PET in this lymphoma subtype. MH was estimated using the area under curve of cumulative standardized uptake value-volume histogram (AUC-CSH) method. Progression-free survival at 5 years was 94% vs 73% in low- and high-MH groups, respectively (P = .0001). In a Cox model of progression-free survival including dichotomized MH, metabolic tumor volume, total lesion glycolysis (TLG), international prognostic index, and tumor bulk (mediastinal mass > 10 cm), as well as age as a continuous variable, only TLG (P < .001) and MH (P < .001) retained statistical significance. Using these 2 features to construct a simple prognostic model resulted in early and accurate (positive predictive value, 89%; negative predictive value, ≥90%) identification of patients at high risk for progression at a point that would allow the use of risk-adapted treatments. This may provide an important opportunity for the design of future trials aimed at helping the minority of patients who harbor chemorefractory PMBCL. The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT00944567.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/mortalidade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Mediastino/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC
19.
Blood ; 131(22): 2413-2425, 2018 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449275

RESUMO

The rarity of neoplastic cells in the biopsy imposes major technical hurdles that have so far limited genomic studies in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). By using a highly sensitive and robust deep next-generation sequencing approach for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), we aimed to identify the genetics of cHL in different clinical phases, as well as its modifications on treatment. The analysis was based on specimens collected from 80 newly diagnosed and 32 refractory patients with cHL, including longitudinal samples collected under ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy and longitudinal samples from relapsing patients treated with chemotherapy and immunotherapy. ctDNA mirrored Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cell genetics, thus establishing ctDNA as an easily accessible source of tumor DNA for cHL genotyping. By identifying STAT6 as the most frequently mutated gene in ∼40% of cases, we refined the current knowledge of cHL genetics. Longitudinal ctDNA profiling identified treatment-dependent patterns of clonal evolution in patients relapsing after chemotherapy and patients maintained in partial remission under immunotherapy. By measuring ctDNA changes during therapy, we propose ctDNA as a radiation-free tool to track residual disease that may integrate positron emission tomography imaging for the early identification of chemorefractory patients with cHL. Collectively, our results provide the proof of concept that ctDNA may serve as a novel precision medicine biomarker in cHL.


Assuntos
DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Doença de Hodgkin/genética , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Evolução Clonal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Dacarbazina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasia Residual/sangue , Neoplasia Residual/tratamento farmacológico , Células de Reed-Sternberg/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Reed-Sternberg/metabolismo , Células de Reed-Sternberg/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT6/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/uso terapêutico
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