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Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 7(3): 351-357, Dec. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-696562

RESUMO

The aim of this study was the evaluation of the discomfort level during the utilization of non oclusal intraoral appliance during sleep in patients with muscular temporomandibular dysfunction; time of acceptance; and the effectiveness of non oclusal intraoral appliance related to the relief of pain symptoms. We evaluated 30 patients from Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Dysfunction Clinic (UNIFESP/EPM/HSP) with muscular temporamandibular dysfunction, 25 females and 5 males, between 19 to 60 years. We used a non-oclusal intraoral appliance, based on the model developed by Minagi et al. (2001). Patients was conducted to use the appliance during all sleeping period e to persist in use, even when there was any kind of discomfort, which would be natural during the adaptation period, for 30 consecutive days. After this period, the researcher interviewed all patients, answering specific questions designed for this study. The mean time for adaptation was 4 days. Of all patients, 23.33 percent had no difficulty in adapting the appliance, with immediate acceptance. The gradual reduction in the intensity of myofascial pain and discomfort, as well as improving the quality of life in 78.3 percent of the sample confirmed the effectiveness of non-oclusal palatal intraoral appliance without occlusal contact in relieving the painful symptoms of muscular TMD.


El objetivo fue evaluar la respuesta al uso de un aparato intraoral no oclusal durante el sueño en pacientes con disfunción temporomandibular (DTM) muscular. Se evaluaron 30 pacientes de la Clínica de Dolor Orofacial y Disfunción Temporomandibular (UNIFESP/EPM/HSP) con diagnóstico de DTM muscular, 25 mujeres y 5 hombres, entre 19 y 60 años. Se utilizó un aparato intraoral no oclusal, basado en el modelo desarrollado por Minagi et al. (2001) y se evaluó el tiempo de adaptación al aparato y la eficacia en términos de reducción del dolor. Los pacientes utilizaron el aparato al acostarse y mientras dormían por 30 días contínuos. Después de este período, todos los pacientes fueron entrevistados. El tiempo medio para la adaptación fue de 4 días. De todos los pacientes, el 23,33 por ciento no tuvo ninguna dificultad de adaptación al aparato, con aceptación inmediata. La reducción gradual en la intensidad del dolor miofascial y el malestar, así como la mejora de la calidad de vida en el 78,3 por ciento de la muestra confirmó la eficacia del aparato intraoral para aliviar los síntomas dolorosos de DTM muscular.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Facial/etiologia , Dor Facial/prevenção & controle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/complicações , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Adaptação , Satisfação do Paciente , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
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