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1.
Presse Med ; 48(6): 706-713, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151848

RESUMO

Aortic pathologies benefit from imaging innovation and interventional radiology developments in order to improve patient management. At the early phase, vital risk should be considered. Whole body CT scan evaluate the complete aorta and its branches to assess the pathology and to choose the best approach between surgery or interventional radiology (fenestration, stentgraft, peripheral stenting). Algorithms, based on the understanding of the complications mechanisms and evolutive risk, modified the management specifically for aortic dissection. At chronic phase, GPs and angiologists should follow their patients in order to detect aortic complications and to treat cardiovascular risk factors. MRA is well indicated if possible.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Algoritmos , Doença Crônica , Humanos
2.
Am Heart J ; 214: 97-106, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181374

RESUMO

The increased use of reperfusion therapy in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in the past decades is generally considered the main determinant of improved outcomes. The aim was to assess 20-year trends in profile, management, and one-year outcomes in STEMI patients in relation with use or non-use of reperfusion therapy (primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) or fibrinolysis). METHODS: We used data from 5 one-month French nationwide registries, conducted 5 years apart from 2005 to 2015, including 8579 STEMI patients (67% with and 33% without reperfusion therapy) admitted to cardiac intensive care units in France. RESULTS: Use of reperfusion therapy increased from 49% in 1995 to 82% in 2015, with a shift from fibrinolysis (37.5% to 6%) to pPCI (12% to 76%). Early use of evidence-based medications gradually increased over the period in both patients with and without reperfusion therapy, although it remained lower at all times in those without reperfusion therapy. One-year mortality decreased in patients with reperfusion therapy (from 11.9% in 1995 to 5.9% in 2010 and 2015, hazard ratio [HR] adjusted on baseline profile 0.40; 95% CI: 0.29-0.54, P < .001) and in those without reperfusion therapy (from 25.0% to 18.2% in 2010 and 8.1% in 2015, HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.24-0.47, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: In STEMI patients, one-year mortality continues to decline, both related to increased use of reperfusion therapy and progress in overall patient management. In patients with reperfusion therapy, mortality has remained stable since 2010, while it has continued to decline in patients without reperfusion therapy.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0215649, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is widely acknowledged to be the first leading cause of fatality in the world with 31% of all deaths worldwide and is predicted to remain as such in 2030. Furthermore, CVD is also a major cause of morbidity in adults worldwide. Among these diseases, the coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause, accounting for over 40% of CVD deaths. Despite a decline in mortality rates, the consequences of more effective preventive and management programs, the burden of CAD remains significant. Indeed, the rise in the prevalence of modifiable risk factors due to changes in lifestyle and health behaviors has further increased the burden of this epidemic. Our objective was to evaluate the hospital burden of CAD via MI trends and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in the French Prospective Payment System (PPS). METHODS: MI/PCI were identified in the national PPS database from 2009 to 2014 for patients aged 20 to 99, living in metropolitan France. We examined hospitalisation, readmission and mortality trends using standardised rates. RESULTS: Over the six-year period, we identified 678,021 patients, representing 900,121 stays of which, 215,224 had a MI and a PCI. Admission trends increased by nearly 25%. Acute MI cases increased every year, with an alarming increase in women, and more specifically in young women. Men were 3 times more hospitalised than women, who were older. A North-South divide was noted. Twenty seven percent of patients experienced readmission within 1 month. Trajectories of care were significantly different by sex and age. Overall in-hospital death was 3.3%, decreasing by 15% during the period. The highest adjusted mortality rates were observed for inpatients aged <40 or >80. CONCLUSION: We outlined the public health burden of this condition and the importance of improving the trajectories of care as an aid for better care.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(1): 90-97, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076081

RESUMO

Valve-in-valve (ViV) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) emerged has a less invasive treatment than surgery for patients with degenerated bioprosthesis. However, few data are currently available regarding results of ViV versus TAVI in native aortic valve. We aimed to compare hemodynamic performances and 1-year outcomes between patients who underwent ViV procedure and patients who underwent non-ViV TAVI. This bicentric study included all patients who underwent aortic ViV procedure for surgical bioprosthetic aortic failure between 2013 and 2017. All patients who underwent TAVI were included in the analysis during the same period. ViV and non-ViV patients were matched with 1:2 ratio according to size, type of TAVI device, age (±5 years), sex, and STS score. Primary end point was hemodynamic performance including mean aortic gradient and aortic regurgitation at 1-year follow-up. A total of 132 patients were included, 49 in the ViV group and 83 in the non-ViV group. Mean age was 82.8 ± 5.9 years, 55.3% were female. Mean STS score was 5.2% ± 3.1%. Self-expandable valves were implanted in 78.8% of patients. At 1-year follow-up, aortic mean gradient was significantly higher in ViV group (18.1 ± 9.4 mm Hg vs 11.4 ± 5.4 mm Hg; p < 0.0001) and 17 (38.6%) patients had a mean aortic gradient ≥20 mm Hg vs 6 (7.8%) in the non-ViV group (p = 0.0001). Aortic regurgitation > grade 2 were similar in both groups (p = 0.71). In the ViV group, new pacemaker implantation was less frequent (p = 0.01) and coronary occlusions occurred only in ViV group (n = 2 [4.1%]). At 1-year follow-up, 3 patients (2.3%) died from cardiac cause, 1 (2.1%) in the ViV group vs 2 (2.4%) in the non-ViV group (p = 0.9). There was no stroke. In conclusion, compared with TAVI in native aortic stenosis, ViV appears as a safe and feasible strategy in patients with impaired bioprosthesis. As 1-year hemodynamic performances seem better in native TAVI procedure, long-term follow-up should be assessed to determinate the impact of residual stenosis on outcomes and durability.

5.
Drugs Aging ; 36(6): 531-539, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953328

RESUMO

Large registries and epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that elderly patients (≥ 75 years old) represent a growing proportion of the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) population and are exposed to a high risk of both bleeding and ischemic events. In this setting, most of the randomized trials excluded elderly patients while evaluating therapeutic strategies in ACS and only few trials specifically dedicated their design to the elderly population, leading to a paucity of data. Elderly patients are less likely to be treated with an invasive strategy or potent antithrombotic drugs compared with younger patients, while they are exposed to a greater risk of mortality. Nevertheless, the benefit of an invasive approach in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been consistently demonstrated in non-dedicated large percutaneous coronary intervention randomized trials, regardless of the patient's age. European clinical practice guidelines recommend that STEMI in elderly patients should not be treated differently than in younger patients. However, the therapeutic decision should be based on a combined evaluation of both (1) the patient's frailty, including functional or cognitive impairment, and (2) the balance between bleeding and ischemic risks. This review outlines the evidence on the optimal reperfusion and antithrombotic strategies among STEMI elderly patients, suggesting a patient-centered approach to apprehend the balanced therapeutic decision in the very old patient.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828768

RESUMO

The lifelong use of ß-adrenoceptor antagonists (ß-blockers) after a myocardial infarction (MI) has been the standard of care based on trials performed before the era of revascularization, when heart failure was common. Large randomized trials in the mid-1980s demonstrated that ß-blockers played a major role in improving the in-hospital and long-term survival of patients admitted for MI. However, the implementation of rapid myocardial reperfusion led to a substantial survival benefit and a reduction of heart failure because of reduced infarct size. Modern large longitudinal registries did not provide sufficient evidence to support long-term ß-blocker therapy in patients with uncomplicated acute MI. The long-term prescription of this therapy has become a matter of debate given the lack of contemporary evidence, frequent side effects, and treatment adherence issues. Furthermore, this shift into the reperfusion era led to a downgraded recommendation for the use of ß-blockers in post-MI patients (class IIa B recommendation) in the 2017 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recommendations for the treatment of ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI). Three large ongoing multicenter randomized trials (AßYSS, REDUCE-SWEDEHEART, and REBOOT-CNIC) are evaluating early discontinuation of ß-blockers after an uncomplicated acute MI. The tested hypothesis is that ß-blocker withdrawal is safe versus major adverse cardiovascular events and improves quality of life by reducing side effects. Thus, the present review summarizes the exhaustive evidence-based data for long-term ß-blocker use after uncomplicated MI and the ongoing trials.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(4): 94-100, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in high bleeding risk (HBR) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention can be challenging. We assessed the clinical safety of bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation followed by drug-coated balloon (DCB) treatment in HBR patients for whom drug-eluting stent implantation could be problematic in maintaining low ischemic event rate without increasing hemorrhagic events. METHODS: The study included patients with at least 1 de novo lesion who were either under long-term anticoagulant treatment or required semi-urgent non-coronary intervention. The strategy consisted of PRO-Kinetic Energy BMS stent (Biotronik AG) implantation followed by Pantera Lux DCB (Biotronik AG) and patients were followed for up to 12 months in 37 French centers. RESULTS: Between October 2013 and April 2015, a total of 432 patients with 623 de novo lesions who were either under long-term anticoagulant treatment (n = 300) or required semi-urgent non-cardiac surgery (n = 132) were treated by BMS plus DCB. Mean patient age was 74.1 ± 9.1 years, 76.4% were men, and 38% were diabetic. The composite primary endpoint rate (defined as target-lesion failure at 12 months) was 5.6% (95% confidence interval, 3.3-7.9). Median duration for DAPT treatment was 33 days. Hemorrhagic events, as defined by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium, occurred in 31 patients (7.2%) and definite stent thrombosis occurred in 5 patients (1.3%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of BMS plus DCB intervention is safe even with a short duration of DAPT. This strategy might be an alternative to DES implantation in HBR patients if future randomized trials support this approach.

8.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 112(2): 113-123, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30630761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several randomized studies have shown that bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) technology is associated with an increased risk of stent thrombosis. AIM: This study aimed to assess the rates of adverse outcomes at 1 year in patients treated with the Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA), using data from a large nationwide prospective multicentre registry (FRANCE ABSORB). METHODS: All patients receiving the Absorb BVS in France were included prospectively in the study. Predilatation, optimal sizing and postdilatation were recommended systematically. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization at 1 year. Secondary endpoints were scaffold thrombosis and target vessel revascularization at 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 2072 patients at 86 centres were included: mean age 55±11 years; 80% men. The indication was acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in 49% of cases. Predilatation and postdilatation were done in 93% and 83% of lesions, respectively. At 1 year, the primary endpoint occurred in 3.9% of patients, the rate of scaffold thrombosis was 1.5% and the rate of target vessel revascularization was 3.3%. In a multivariable analysis, diabetes and total Absorb BVS length>30mm were independently associated with the occurrence of the primary endpoint, whereas oral anticoagulation and total Absorb BVS length>30mm were independently associated with occurrence of scaffold thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: The Absorb BVS was implanted in a relatively young population, half of whom had ACS. Predilatation and postdilatation rates were high, and 1-year outcomes were acceptable.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/instrumentação , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Instável/mortalidade , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Trombose Coronária/etiologia , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Cardiol ; 42(2): 227-234, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend using risk stratification tools in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to assist decision-making. The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS-2P) has been recently developed to characterize long-term risk in patients with MI. HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to assess the TRS-2P in the French Registry of Acute ST Elevation or non-ST elevation MI registries. METHODS: We used data from three 1-month French registries, conducted 5 years apart, from 2005 to 2015, including 13 130 patients with AMI (52% ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]). Atherothrombotic risk stratification was performed using the TRS-2P score. Patients were divided in to three categories: G1 (low-risk, TRS-2P = 0/1); G2 (intermediate-risk, TRS-2P = 2); and G3 (high-risk, TRS-2P ≥ 3). Baseline characteristics and outcomes were analyzed according to TRS-2P categories. RESULTS: A total of 12 715 patients (in whom TRS-2P was available) were included. Prevalence of G1, G2, and G3 was 43%, 24%, and 33% respectively. Clinical characteristics and management significantly differed according to TRS-2P categories. TRS-2P successfully defined residual risk of death at 1 year (C-statistic 0.78): 1-year survival was 98% in G1, 94% in G2, and 78.5% in G3 (P < 0.001). Using Cox multivariate analysis, G3 was independently associated with higher risk of death at 1 year (hazard ratio [HR] 4.61; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.61-5.89), as G2 (HR 2.08; 95% CI: 1.62-2.65) compared with G1. The score appeared robust and correlated well with mortality in STEMI and NSTEMI populations, as well as in each cohort separately. CONCLUSIONS: The TRS-2P appears to be a robust risk score, identifying patients at high risk after AMI irrespective of the type of MI and historical period.


Assuntos
Trombose Coronária/prevenção & controle , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/prevenção & controle , Sistema de Registros , Medição de Risco/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Idoso , Trombose Coronária/diagnóstico , Trombose Coronária/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(9): e007241, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354592

RESUMO

Background The optimal timing of administration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in acute ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients is debated. Clinical trials have failed to demonstrate the superiority of pretreatment with P2Y12 inhibitors in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, but they were not designed to assess hard clinical end points. We used data from the FAST-MI (French Registry on Acute ST-Segment-Elevation or Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction) cohorts to determine 1-year survival and in-hospital outcomes in patients receiving DAPT, comparing prehospital versus in-hospital administration. Methods and Results The FAST-MI program collects extensive data on patients admitted in France for acute myocardial infarction over a 1-month period every 5 years since 2005. For the present analysis, 3548 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction ≤12 hours from symptom onset, transported by physician-staffed emergency medical system ambulances, not treated with intravenous fibrinolysis, and receiving DAPT were included, of whom 44% received DAPT in the ambulance. The primary end point was 1-year survival as assessed by multivariate Cox analysis and propensity score analysis. In-hospital bleeding and ischemic complications were also analyzed. Adjusted in-hospital mortality was numerically but not significantly lower in patients with prehospital DAPT. There were no differences in in-hospital bleeding complications. Fully-adjusted hazard ratio for 1-year death in patients with prehospital versus in-hospital DAPT was 0.69 (95% CI, 0.51-0.92; P=0.011), and propensity score-adjusted hazard ratio was 0.55 (95% CI, 0.41-0.73; P=0.001) in the whole population. In the propensity score-matched cohorts (360 patients each), 1-year survival was 93.9% in patients with prehospital versus 90.3% in those with in-hospital DAPT (hazard ratio, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.36-1.05; P=0.077). Results were consistent in subgroups, including by year of survey, age, presence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, morphine use, and type of P2Y12 inhibitor used. Conclusions In these cohorts of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients considered for primary percutaneous coronary intervention, prehospital administration of DAPT was associated with higher 1-year survival and no increase in in-hospital bleeding complications. The magnitude of the decrease in 1-year mortality, however, may suggest the persistence of some degree of residual confounding. Clinical Trial Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifiers: NCT00673036, NCT01237418, and NCT02566200.

11.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487318808638, 2018 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Full secondary prevention medication regimen is often under-prescribed after acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between prescription of appropriate secondary prevention treatment at discharge and long-term clinical outcomes according to risk level defined by the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS-2P) after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: We used data from the 2010 French Registry of Acute ST-Elevation or non-ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI) registry, including 4169 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients admitted to cardiac intensive care units in France. Level of risk was stratified in three groups using the TRS-2P score: group 1 (low-risk; TRS-2P=0/1); group 2 (intermediate-risk; TRS-2P=2); and group 3 (high-risk; TRS-2P≥3). Appropriate secondary prevention treatment was defined according to the latest guidelines (dual antiplatelet therapy and moderate/high dose statins for all; new-P2Y12 inhibitors, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin-receptor-blockers and beta-blockers as indicated). RESULTS: Prevalence of groups 1, 2 and 3 was 46%, 25% and 29% respectively. Appropriate secondary prevention treatment at discharge was used in 39.5%, 37% and 28% of each group, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, evidence-based treatments at discharge were associated with lower rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (death, re-myocardial infarction or stroke) at five years especially in high-risk patients: hazard ratio = 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.59-1.12, p = 0.21) in group 1, 0.74 (0.54-1.01; p = 0.06) in group 2, and 0.64 (0.52-0.79, p < 0.001) in group 3. CONCLUSIONS: Use of appropriate secondary prevention treatment at discharge was inversely correlated with patient risk. The increased hazard related to lack of prescription of recommended medications was much larger in high-risk patients. Specific efforts should be directed at better prescription of recommended treatment, particularly in high-risk patients.

12.
Contemp Clin Trials Commun ; 12: 103-108, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30364633

RESUMO

There are currently one million heart failure (HF) patients in France and the rate is progressively increases due to population aging. Acute decompensation of HF is the leading cause of hospitalization in people over 65 years of age with a 25% re-hospitalization rate in the first month. Expenses related to the management of HF in France in 2013 amounted to more than one billion euros, of which 65% were for hospitalizations alone. The management of acute decompensation is a challenge, due to the complexity of clinical and laboratory evaluation leading to therapeutic errors, which in turn leads to longer hospitalization, high early re-hospitalization and complications. Therapeutic adjustment, especially diuretic, in the acute phase (during hospitalization) affects early re-hospitalization rates (within 30 days). These adjustments can be based on clinical estimation and laboratory parameters, but echocardiography has been shown to be superior in estimating filling pressures (FP) compared to clinical and laboratory parameters. We hypothesize that a simple daily bedside echocardiographic assessment could provide a reproducible estimation of FP with an evaluation of mitral inflow and the inferior vena cava (IVC). This could allow a more reliable estimate of the true blood volume of the patient and thus lead to a more suitable therapeutic adjustment. This in turn should lead to a decrease in early re-admission rate (primary endpoint) and potentially decrease six-month mortality and rate of complications.

14.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 30(9): 348-354, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30012889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have challenged systematic pretreatment with a P2Y12 inhibitor before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elective and non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes after performing PCI immediately after coronary angiography with an exclusive "on-the-table" P2Y12 inhibitor loading dose, by evaluating ischemic and bleeding complications in unselected patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients admitted for elective PCI or NSTEMI were included in this two-center, prospective, observational study, and received a P2Y12 inhibitor after coronary angiography when PCI was decided. The primary composite endpoint was first occurrence of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, urgent revascularization, or use of bail-out glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors at 30 days after PCI. Stent thrombosis and bleeding criteria (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC]) were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 299 included patients, a total of 188 were admitted for elective PCI and 111 for NSTEMI. The incidence of the primary endpoint was 8.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.7-12.4). No definite stent thrombosis occurred. Three independent predictive factors were associated with the primary endpoint: NSTEMI setting (odds ratio [OR], 5.61; 95% CI, 1.75-17.98), thrombotic coronary lesion (OR, 4.26; 95% CI, 1.45-12.54), and longer procedure duration (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.03-1.09). Clinically relevant bleedings (BARC 2, 3, or 5) occurred in 5.4% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: In an unselected population admitted for elective PCI or NSTEMI in real-world clinical practice, administration of a P2Y12 inhibitor only after coronary angiography is associated with a low rate of ischemic and bleeding events at 30 days.

15.
EuroIntervention ; 14(7): 789-797, 2018 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29969431

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the study was to examine the main results of the ATLANTIC trial in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), randomised to pre- versus in-hospital ticagrelor, according to age. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were evaluated by age class (<75 vs. ≥75 years) for demographics, prior cardiovascular history, risk factors, management, and outcomes. Elderly patients (≥75 years; 304/1,862) were more likely to be women, diabetic, lean, with a prior history of myocardial infarction and CABG, and with comorbidities (p<0.01 for all). Elderly patients presented more frequently with acute heart failure and less frequently had thromboaspiration, a stent implanted (p<0.01) and an aggressive antithrombotic regimen. Elderly patients had lower rates of pre- and post-PCI ≥70% ST-segment elevation resolution (43.9% vs. 51.6%; p=0.035), of pre- and post-PCI TIMI 3 flow (17.1% vs. 27.5%, p=0.0002), and a higher rate of the composite of death/MI/stroke/urgent revascularisation (9.9% vs. 2.9%; OR 3.67, 95% CI [2.27; 5.93], p<0.0001) and mortality (8.5% vs. 1.5%; OR 6.45, 95% CI [2.75; 15.11], p<0.0001). There was a non-significant trend towards more frequent major bleedings among elderly patients (TIMI major 2.3% vs. 1.1%; OR 2.13, 95% CI [0.88; 5.18], p=0.095). There was no significant interaction between time of ticagrelor administration (pre-hospital versus in-lab) and class of age for all outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Elderly patients, who represented one sixth of the patients randomised in the ATLANTIC trial, had less successful mechanical reperfusion and a sixfold increase in mortality at 30 days, probably due to comorbidities and possible undertreatment. The effect of early ticagrelor was consistent irrespective of age.

16.
J Cardiol ; 72(4): 277-283, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29753538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of atrial fibrillation (AF), left ventricular thrombus (LVT), and other oral anticoagulant (OAC) indications on 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding in acute anterior ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). METHODS: Our study population included 969 anterior STEMI patients referred for PPCI from the prospective multicenter CIRCUS trial. Patients with a formal indication of OAC within the first year were compared to those without indication. RESULTS: A total of 161 (16.6%) patients were eligible for OAC after anterior STEMI mainly for AF (51.5%) and LVT (39.7%). This group had a higher morbidity profile despite similar reperfusion settings - 67% of them were treated with OAC. At 1 year, OAC indication was associated with a significant increase in MACCE rate [OR 3.37 95% CI (2.36;4.82) p<0.001] as well as bleeding [OR=1.96 95% CI (1.09;3.50) p=0.02]. After adjustment for principal confounders, OAC indication remained strongly associated with MACCE [HR 3.40 (1.26;9.14) p=0.016]. CONCLUSIONS: In a prospective cohort of anterior STEMI, AF, LVT, and other OAC indications were present upon discharge in 1 patient out of 6 and only two thirds were treated with OAC. OAC indication was independently associated with an increased risk of MACCE and bleeding at one year.

17.
Am J Cardiol ; 121(10): 1225-1230, 2018 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706182

RESUMO

Calcium score (CS) is a well-known prognostic factor after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) performed with first generation prosthesis but few data are available concerning new generation valves. The aim of this study was to evaluate if CS remains a prognostic factor after Sapien 3 and Evolut R valves implantation. Agatston CS was evaluated on multislice computed tomography before TAVI in 346 patients implanted with Sapien XT (n = 61), CoreValve (n = 57) devices, (group 1, n = 118), and with new generation Sapien 3 (n = 147), Evolut R (n = 81) prosthesis, (group 2, n = 228). Major adverse cardiovascular events and aortic regurgitation (AR) were evaluated at 1 month. The 2 groups were similar at baseline except for logistic Euroscore (20.1% in group 1 vs 15.0 % in group 2; p = 0.001), chronic renal failure (44.1% vs 37.2% respectively, p = 0.007) and preprocedural CS (4,092 ± 2,176 vs 3,682 ± 2,109 respectively, p = 0.022). In group 1, 28 patients (23.7%) had adverse clinical events vs 21 (9.2%) in group 2 (p <0.01). In multivariate analysis, a higher CS was predictive of adverse events in group 1 (5,785 ± 3,285 vs 3,565 ± 1,331 p <0.0001) but not in group 2 (p = 0.28). A higher CS was associated with AR in group 1 (6,234 ± 2711 vs 3,429 ± 1,505; p <0.001) and in patients implanted with an Evolut R device from group 2 (4,085 ± 3,645 vs 2,551 ± 1,356; p = 0.01). In conclusion, CS appears as an important prognostic factor of major events after TAVI with first generation valves but not with new generation devices. CS remains associated with AR only with new generation self-expandable Evolut R devices.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 14(3): e325-e332, 2018 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29553940

RESUMO

AIMS: A new coronary bifurcation provisional stenting technique without kissing balloon, rePOT, associating the proximal optimisation technique (POT), side branch inflation and final POT, showed excellent mechanical results in a bench test. The present study sought to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to quantify the mechanical results of rePOT in vivo in a large patient sample with complex coronary bifurcations. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 106 patients with coronary bifurcations were included in a multicentre prospective registry (left main, 40.6%; true Medina bifurcation, 39.6%). Three OCT runs were performed, at baseline, just after stent implantation and after the complete rePOT sequence, quantifying global malapposition, side branch obstruction (SBO), and various geometric arterial criteria. RePOT was completed systematically. RePOT significantly reduced global strut malapposition from 18.9±13.4% just after stent implantation to 3.2±3.9% (p<0.05), residual SBO from 44.3±12.9% to 17.0±14.3% (p<0.05), and ellipticity index from 1.19±0.11 to 1.13±0.12 (p<0.05). Exhaustive six-month follow-up found only one mother-vessel target lesion revascularisation. CONCLUSIONS: This clinical study of a large sample of complex coronary bifurcations with OCT analysis showed the benefit of the rePOT sequence in provisional stenting, replicating in vivo the excellent in vitro geometric results previously reported, and confirming ease of implementation and medium-term safety.

19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(4)2018 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphine is commonly used to treat chest pain during myocardial infarction, but its effect on cardiovascular outcome has never been directly evaluated. The aim of this study was to examine the effect and safety of morphine in patients with acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction followed up for 1 year. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the database of the CIRCUS (Does Cyclosporine Improve Outcome in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients) trial, which included 969 patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Two groups were defined according to use of morphine preceding coronary angiography. The composite primary outcome was the combined incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and stroke during 1 year. A total of 554 (57.1%) patients received morphine at first medical contact. Both groups, with and without morphine treatment, were comparable with respect to demographic and periprocedural characteristics. There was no significant difference in major adverse cardiovascular events between patients who received morphine compared with those who did not (26.2% versus 22.0%, respectively; P=0.15). The all-cause mortality was 5.3% in the morphine group versus 5.8% in the no-morphine group (P=0.89). There was no difference between groups in infarct size as assessed by the creatine kinase peak after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (4023±118 versus 3903±149 IU/L; P=0.52). CONCLUSIONS: In anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention, morphine was used in half of patients during initial management and was not associated with a significant increase in major adverse cardiovascular events at 1 year.

20.
Int J Cardiol ; 254: 36-42, 2018 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29407124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence and associated-risk of asymptomatic multisite artery disease (MSAD) in high risk coronary patients are unknown. Whether systematic identification and aggressive management of asymptomatic MSAD is clinically relevant in high risk coronary patients has not been evaluated. METHODS: We randomly assigned 521 high risk coronary patients defined by the presence of three-vessel coronary disease (n=304) or recent acute coronary syndrome beyond the age of 75years (n=215) to either a strategy of systematic detection of asymptomatic MSAD combined with an aggressive secondary prevention (n=263) or to a more conventional strategy based on treatment of coronary artery disease only with standard of care (n=258). The primary end point was the time to first occurrence of death, any organ failure or ischemic event leading to re-hospitalization through two years of follow-up. RESULTS: The pro-active strategy identified asymptomatic MSAD in 21.7% of patients with few revascularizations (3.6%); the pro-active pharmacological secondary prevention was obtained in >85% of patients and life-style changes in <60% of patients. At 2-year follow-up, the primary end point occurred in 44.9% of patients in the pro-active group and 43.0% of patients in the conventional group (HR 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.80 to 1.34]. The rate of major bleeding did not differ significantly between groups (4.6% vs 5.0%; HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.40 to 1.91). CONCLUSION: In high risk coronary patients, there is no apparent benefit of a systematic detection of asymptomatic extra-coronary atherothrombotic disease and intensified treatment over a 2-year follow-up period. (Funded by the Academic Allies in Cardiovascular Trials Initiatives and Organized Networks and Institut de l'Athérothrombose; AMERICA ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00445835).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco
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