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1.
Adv Mater ; 32(1): e1905504, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736228

RESUMO

2D hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is a wide-bandgap van der Waals crystal with a unique combination of properties, including exceptional strength, large oxidation resistance at high temperatures, and optical functionalities. Furthermore, in recent years hBN crystals have become the material of choice for encapsulating other 2D crystals in a variety of technological applications, from optoelectronic and tunneling devices to composites. Monolayer hBN, which has no center of symmetry, is predicted to exhibit piezoelectric properties, yet experimental evidence is lacking. Here, by using electrostatic force microscopy, this effect is observed as a strain-induced change in the local electric field around bubbles and creases, in agreement with theoretical calculations. No piezoelectricity is found in bilayer and bulk hBN, where the center of symmetry is restored. These results add piezoelectricity to the known properties of monolayer hBN, which makes it a desirable candidate for novel electromechanical and stretchable optoelectronic devices, and pave a way to control the local electric field and carrier concentration in van der Waals heterostructures via strain. The experimental approach used here also shows a way to investigate the piezoelectric properties of other materials on the nanoscale by using electrostatic scanning probe techniques.

2.
Nano Lett ; 19(12): 8683-8689, 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743649

RESUMO

We analyze the effect of twists on the electronic structure of configurations of infinite stacks of graphene layers. We focus on three different cases: an infinite stack where each layer is rotated with respect to the previous one by a fixed angle, two pieces of semi-infinite graphite rotated with respect to each other, and finally a single layer of graphene rotated with respect to a graphite surface. In all three cases, we find a rich structure, with sharp resonances and flat bands for small twist angles. The method used can be easily generalized to more complex arrangements and stacking sequences.

3.
Opt Lett ; 44(19): 4881-4884, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568466

RESUMO

A laser supercontinuum is generated by cross-phase modulation (XPM) driven by an intense terahertz (THz) field in organic crystal OHQ-N2S. In this highly nonlinear medium, the THz electric field induces a time-varying optical phase modulation, which causes a spectacular spectral broadening and shifting of a co-propagating near-infrared laser pulse. The effect is enabled by the large electro-optic coefficient, the low absorption, and the good velocity matching between the laser and the THz pulse over the OHQ-N2S crystal thickness. The XPM occurs when the THz field is aligned along the polar axis of the OHQ-N2S. The results display a promising pathway for ultrafast control of the spectral and temporal properties of laser pulses using THz stimuli.

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