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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30837954

RESUMO

3,5-diiodo-L-thyronine (3,5-T2) is an endogenous derivative of thyroid hormone with potential metabolic effects. It has been detected in human blood by immunological methods, but a reliable assay based on mass spectrometry (MS), which is now regarded as the gold standard in clinical chemistry, is not available yet. Therefore, we aimed at developing a novel ad-hoc optimized method to quantitate 3,5-T2 and its isomers by MS in human serum. Serum samples were obtained from 28 healthy subjects. Two ml of serum were deproteinized with acetonitrile and then subjected to an optimized solid phase extraction-based procedure. To lower background noise, the samples were furtherly cleaned by hexane washing and acetonitrile precipitation of residual proteins. 3,5-T2 and its isomers 3,3'-T2 and 3',5'-T2 were then analyzed by HPLC coupled to tandem MS. Accuracy and precision for T2 assay were 88-104% and 95-97%, respectively. Recovery and matrix effect averaged 78% and +8%, respectively. 3,5-T2 was detected in all samples and its concentration averaged (mean ± SEM) 41 ± 5 pg/ml, i.e., 78 ± 9 pmol/l. In the same samples the concentration of 3,3'-T2 averaged 133±15 pg/ml, i.e., 253±29 pmol/l, while 3',5'-T2 was not detected. 3,5-T2 concentration was significantly related to 3,3'-T2 concentration (r = 0.540, P < 0.01), while no significant correlation was observed with either T3 or T4 in a subset of patients in which these hormones were assayed. In conclusion, our method is able to quantify 3,5-T2 and 3,3'-T2 in human serum. Their concentrations lie in the subnanomolar range, and a significant correlation was detected between these two metabolites in healthy individuals.

2.
Minerva Ginecol ; 71(1): 4-17, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30318878

RESUMO

Over the past two decades, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) abdominal surgery has increasingly been used to treat pelvic organ prolapse. Besides the several advantages associated with minimal invasiveness, this approach bridged the gap between the benefits of vaginal surgery and the surgical success rates of open abdominal procedures. The most commonly performed procedure for suspension of the vaginal apex for postoperative vaginal prolapse by robotic-assisted laparoscopy is the sacrocolpopexy. Conventional laparoscopic application of this procedure was first reported in 1994 by Nezhat et al. and had not gained widespread adoption due to lengthy learning curve associated with laparoscopic suturing. Since FDA approval of the da Vinci® robot for gynecologic surgery in 2005, minimally invasive abdominal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse has become increasingly popular, as robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy is an option for those surgeons without experience or training in the conventional route. Robotic surgery has made its way into the armamentarium of POP treatment and has allowed pelvic surgeons to adapt the "gold standard" technique of abdominal sacrocolpopexy to a minimally invasive approach with improved intraoperative morbidity and decreased convalescence. In fact, repair of pelvic organ prolapse can be performed robotically, and sometimes surgeons can feel suturing and dissection during the procedures less challenging with the assistance of the robot. However, even if robotic surgery may confer many benefits over conventional laparoscopy, these advantages should continue to be weighed against the cost of the technology. To date, as long-term outcomes, evidence about robotic sacrocolpopexy for a repair of pelvic organ prolapse are not conclusive, and much more investigations are needed to evaluate subjective and objective outcomes, perioperative and postoperative adverse events, and costs associated with these procedures. It is plausible to think that the main advantage is that robotics may lead to a widespread adoption of minimally invasive techniques in the field of pelvic floor reconstructive surgery. The following review will address the development and current state of robotic assistance in treating pelvic floor reconstruction discussing available data about the techniques of robotic prolapse repair as well as morbidity, costs and clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/economia , Humanos , Laparoscopia/economia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/economia
3.
Maturitas ; 99: 1-9, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28364860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estetrol (E4) is a natural estrogen produced solely during human pregnancy. E4 is suitable for clinical use since it acts as a selective estrogen receptor modulator. In clinical trials E4 has been seen to have little or no effect on coagulation. Hence, it is interesting to investigate whether E4 alters endothelial-dependent fibrinolysis. OBJECTIVES: We studied the effects of E4 on the fibrinolytic system and whether this could influence the ability of endothelial cells to migrate. In addition, we compared the effects of E4 with those of 17ß-estradiol (E2). STUDY DESIGN: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were obtained from healthy women. Expression of plasminogen-activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) proteins was evaluated by Western blot analysis. Endothelial cell migration was studied by razor-scrape horizontal and multiwell insert systems assays. RESULTS: E4 increased the expression of t-PA, u-PA and PAI-1 in HUVEC, but less so than did equimolar amounts of E2. The effects of E4 on t-PA, u-PA and PAI-1 were mediated by the induction of the early-immediate genes c-Jun and c-Fos. E4 in combination with E2 antagonized the effects induced by pregnancy-like E2 concentrations but did not impair the effects of postmenopausal-like E2 levels. We also found that the increased synthesis of PAI-1, u-PA and t-PA induced by E2 and E4 is important for horizontal and three-dimensional migration of HUVEC. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that E4 acts as an endogenous selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), controlling the fibrinolytic system and endothelial cell migration.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estetrol/farmacologia , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Moduladores Seletivos de Receptor Estrogênico/farmacologia , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/efeitos dos fármacos , Western Blotting , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Estradiol/farmacologia , Estrogênios/farmacologia , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/metabolismo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/metabolismo
4.
Surg Endosc ; 31(8): 3405-3410, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27815747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To present the first case series of total robotic hysterectomy (TRH), using integrated table motion (ITM), which is a new feature comprising a unique operating table by Trumpf Medical that communicates wirelessly with the da Vinci Xi surgical system. ITM has been specifically developed to improve multiquadrant robotic surgery such as that conducted in colorectal surgery. METHODS: Between May and October 2015, a prospective post-market study was conducted on ITM in the EU in 40 cases from different specialties. The gynecological study group comprised 12 patients. Primary endpoints were ITM feasibility, safety and efficacy. RESULTS: Ten patients underwent TRH. Mean number of ITM moves was three during TRH; there were 31 instances of table moves in the ten procedures. Twenty-eight of 31 ITM moves were made to gain internal exposure. The endoscope remained inserted during 29 of the 31 table movements (94%), while the instruments remained inserted during 27 of the 31 moves (87%). No external instrument collisions or other problems related to the operating table were noted. There were no ITM safety-related observations and no adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: This preliminary study demonstrated the feasibility, safety and efficacy of ITM for the da Vinci Xi surgical system in TRH. ITM was safe, with no adverse events related to its use. Further studies will be useful to define the real role and potential benefit of ITM in gynecological surgery.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Adulto , Idoso , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Equipamentos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Maturitas ; 79(1): 86-90, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25015014

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure serum levels of adipsin, leptin, resistin, adiponectin, visfatin, ghrelin and insulin in postmenopausal women screened for the metabolic syndrome (METS). METHODS: Serum of 100 postmenopausal women was analyzed using multiplex technology for the mentioned analytes. In addition, values for the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated. Comparisons were performed in accordance to the presence or not of the METS and each of its components. Criteria of the American Heart Association were used to define the METS. RESULTS: Age and time since menopause onset were similar in women with the METS (n=57) as compared to those without the syndrome (n=43). METS women displayed significantly higher levels of adipsin, leptin, resistin, insulin and HOMA-IR values and lower adiponectin levels. These differences were mainly observed among women with abdominal obesity, independent of fulfilling METS criteria or not. In this same sense, lower adiponectin levels significantly related to low HDL-C and high triglyceride levels; and higher insulin and HOMA-IR values related to high triglyceride and glucose levels, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this sample, postmenopausal women with the METS displayed higher insulin and adipokine levels. These were mainly related to abdominal obesity and metabolic and lipid abnormalities. More research is warranted in this regard.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Grelina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/sangue , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Adiponectina , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Fator D do Complemento/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Abdominal/sangue , Resistina , Triglicerídeos/classificação
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24904530

RESUMO

Estetrol (E4) is a natural human estrogen present at high concentrations during pregnancy. Due to its high oral bioavailability and long plasma half-life, E4 is particularly suitable for therapeutic applications. E4 acts as a selective estrogen receptor (ER) modulator, exerting estrogenic actions on the endometrium or the central nervous system, while antagonizing the actions of estradiol in the breast. We tested the effects of E4 on its own or in the presence of 17ß-estradiol (E2) on T47-D ER+ breast cancer cell migration and invasion of three-dimensional matrices. E4 administration to T47-D cells weakly stimulated migration and invasion. However, E4 decreased the extent of movement and invasion induced by E2. Breast cancer cell movement requires a remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. During exposure to E4, a weak, concentration-dependent, re-distribution of actin fibers toward the cell membrane was observed. However, when E4 was added to E2, an inhibition of actin remodeling induced by E2 was seen. Estrogens stimulate ER+ breast cancer cell movement through the ezrin-radixin-moesin family of actin regulatory proteins, inducing actin and cell membrane remodeling. E4 was a weak inducer of moesin phosphorylation on Thr(558), which accounts for its functional activation. In co-treatment with E2, E4 blocked the activation of this actin controller in a concentration-related fashion. These effects were obtained through recruitment of estrogen receptor-α. In conclusion, E4 acted as a weak estrogen on breast cancer cell cytoskeleton remodeling and movement. However, when E2 was present, E4 counteracted the stimulatory actions of E2. This contributes to the emerging hypothesis that E4 may be a naturally occurring ER modulator in the breast.

7.
Maturitas ; 77(4): 370-4, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24598235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (METS) increases after the menopause; nevertheless, concomitant vascular, inflammatory and endothelial changes have not been completely elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To measure serum markers of angiogenesis, inflammation and endothelial function in postmenopausal women screened for the METS. METHODS: Serum of 100 postmenopausal women was analyzed for angiopoietin-2, interleukin-8 (IL-8), soluble FAS ligand (sFASL), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). Comparisons were made in accordance to the presence or not of the METS and each of its components. Modified Adult Treatment Panel III criteria were used to define the METS. RESULTS: Women with the METS (n=57) had similar age and time since menopause as compared to those without the syndrome (n=43). In general, women with the METS displayed a trend for higher levels of the analyzed markers. Nevertheless, only IL-6 levels were found to be significantly higher and uPA levels significantly lower among METS women as compared to those without the syndrome. When analyte levels were compared as to presenting or not each of the diagnostic features of the METS, it was found that IL-6 levels were higher among women with abdominal obesity, low HDL-C and high triglyceride levels. Women with low HDL-C and high triglyceride levels presented significantly lower uPA levels and those with high glucose and low HDL-C displayed significantly higher sCD40L levels. CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal women with the METS in this sample displayed higher IL-6 (inflammation) and lower uPA levels (endothelial dysfunction). These were mainly related to metabolic and lipid abnormalities. More research is warranted in this regard.


Assuntos
Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Metabólica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Angiopoietina-2/sangue , Ligante de CD40/sangue , Endotélio/patologia , Proteína Ligante Fas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-8/sangue , Modelos Lineares , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Inibidor 1 de Ativador de Plasminogênio/sangue , Pós-Menopausa , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue
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