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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360187

RESUMO

Few studies have analyzed emotional educational experiences through physical education interventions. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects on socio-emotional competencies of a physical education intervention (i.e., the MooN program) based on the instructional model known as the sports education model (SEM), compared to a physical education intervention based on the traditional model of direct instruction (TM-DI) in preadolescents. The sample consisted of 170 students between 10 and 13 years old (mean age: M = 10.76; standard deviation: SD = 0.73). Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (SEM; n = 87) and the active control group (TM-DI; n = 83). In the experimental group, the SEM-based intervention was applied, while in the active control group, an intervention based on the TM-DI was developed. A quasi-experimental design with repeated pre-test and post-test measures and an active control group was used. The self-efficacy inventory for multiple intelligences (IAMI-40) was used to assess the children's socio-emotional competencies. The child perfectionism inventory was applied to evaluate the self-demand perfectionist efforts. The results confirmed that the MooN program (SEM intervention) promoted significant improvements in socio-emotional competencies. These findings support the potential of this physical education instructional model as an emotional education pathway for the socio-emotional improvement of preadolescent students.


Assuntos
Lua , Educação Física e Treinamento , Adolescente , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Autoeficácia , Estudantes
2.
Front Psychol ; 11: 1305, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595571

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on social competence and social acceptance among adolescents. The participants were 106 adolescents aged 12-15 years (M = 13.41 years; SD = 0.81 years). Participants were randomly assigned to the control group (n = 44) and an experimental group (n = 69). In the experimental group, an intervention based on the Sport Education Model (SEM) was applied. While in the control group, an intervention based on the Traditional Model of Direct Instruction (TM-DI) was carried out. An experimental design with repeated pretest and posttest measurements was developed. The Adolescent Multidimensional Social Competence Questionnaire (AMSC-Q) was used to assess social competence. The Guess Who (GW4) questionnaire was used to assess social acceptance (SA) among peers. The preliminary results showed that the intervention based on the SEM (experimental group) promoted more significant improvements in some indicators of social competence and social acceptance among peers than those obtained with the TM-DI (control group). The results confirm a similar impact of the intervention between boys and girls. These preliminary results suggest the potential of the Sport Education Model with adolescents.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963598

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to experimentally assess the effects of an intervention program through a video game called "Aislados" for the improvement of subjective well-being, mental health and trait emotional intelligence of a sample of adolescents (n = 187). We used well-established measures with appropriate psychometric properties. The study used a quasi-experimental design of pre-test/post-test repeated measurements with a control group. First, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and then descriptive analyses and variance analyses (ANOVAs) were carried out by the adolescents randomly assigned to the experimental and control conditions. Then, a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was performed on the study's variables as a whole. Descriptive and covariance analyses of the post-test scores were carried out (ANCOVAs post-test, co-varying pre-test scores), in order to demonstrate the impact of the program. The effect size was reckoned (Cohen's d). The results confirm statistically-significant differences in: Health-Related Quality of life, positive affect and mental health. The study provides an effective intervention tool which has been experimentally validated. The overall results allow for emphasizing the importance of the implementation of programs aimed at encouraging social and emotional learning throughout adolescence as protective resources in fostering emotional and behavioral adjustment in adolescents.


Assuntos
Proteção da Criança/psicologia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Aprendizado Social , Jogos de Vídeo , Adolescente , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Espanha
4.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2541, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31798502

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to experimentally assess the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) for the improvement of subjective well-being, trait emotional intelligence (TEI), mental health, and resilience in a sample of women with fibromyalgia (FM). The sample consisted of 104 women, between 29 and 77 years old (M = 47.59; SD = 5.93). The measures used were as follows: Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Positive and Negative Affection Scale (PANAS), Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), Mental Health Questionnaire (MH-5), and Resilience Scale (ER-14). A quasi-experimental design of repeated measures with a control group (CG) was used: before and after the application of the treatment and a follow-up assessment 6 months after the completion of the intervention. In order to assess the effect of the program, the participants were randomly assigned to the experimental and control conditions. In the pretest evaluation, a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were carried out. In the post-test evaluation, a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) of the study variables as a whole was performed. Then, descriptive analyses and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) of the post-test scores (covariate pretest score) were performed. In the follow-up evaluation, a MANCOVA of the study variables as a whole was performed. Then, descriptive and ANCOVA analyses of the follow-up scores (covariate pretest score) were performed. In addition, the effect size was calculated using partial eta-squared (µ2). The post-test results confirmed statistically significant differences in satisfaction with life (SWL), positive affect (PA), mental health, and resilience. The follow-up results showed statistically significant differences in SWL, PA, TEI, mental health, and resilience. The study provides an effective intervention tool that has been validated experimentally. The general results allow the emphasis of the importance of the implementation of MBIs framed in non-pharmacological treatments in FM.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31126004

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the impact of a physical-sport education pilot programme on adolescents' subjective well-being (health-related quality of life, positive affect and negative affect), trait emotional intelligence and social anxiety. The programme was based on the pedagogical sport education model within a quality physical education framework, and approached from the perspective of social and emotional learning. Participants were 113 compulsory secondary education students aged 12-15 years that were assigned to a control group (n = 44) and an experimental group (n = 69). A quasi-experimental design with repeated pre-test and post-test measures was used. Bonferroni correction was applied for multiple comparisons. The preliminary results obtained in this investigation revealed that the physical-sport education pilot programme promoted significant improvements in a specific indicator of subjective well-being and trait emotional intelligence in the experimental group. These encouraging findings support the pedagogical efficiency of the programme with regard to the programme aim. The findings also highlight the feasibility and appropriateness of the programme in terms of an innovative teaching proposal.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Inteligência Emocional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Esportes/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha
6.
Front Psychol ; 10: 507, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915003

RESUMO

Trait Emotional intelligence (Trait EI) can be understood as a personality trait related to individual differences in recognition, processing, and the regulation of emotionally charged information. Trait EI has been considered a variable of great importance in determining psychosocial adjustment. However, most research on Trait EI has focused on adult and adolescent populations, while very few studies have explored its influence on children. The aim of this study was to analyze possible pathways into psychosocial adjustment in children by examining the combined effects of Trait EI and emotional and social problems. It also aimed to assess the possible mediating role of gender in this relationship. A total of 268 Spanish children participated in this study, ranging in age from 8 to 12 years (mean age = 10.09, SD = 1.32, 45.10% male). Selected measures were applied through a web-based survey called DetectaWeb. The regression and mediation/moderation analyses confirmed that psychosocial adjustment in children was determined by Trait EI directly and by emotional and social problems in an indirect way. Together, the three variables explained 46% of the variance in psychosocial adjustment, although Trait EI was the most powerful predictor (44%), demonstrating incremental validity over and above social and emotional problems. In addition, gender was shown to be a moderating variable between Trait EI and psychosocial adjustment; for girls specifically, lower Trait EI scores were a determinant of lower levels of psychosocial adjustment, regardless of emotional and social problems. It can be concluded that the identified pathways provide keys for emotional education interventions aimed at promoting psychosocial adjustment, well-being, and good mental health among children. Our findings support the buffer role of Trait EI against maladjustment risk in children, but more clearly in girls.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799465

RESUMO

The aim of this work is to extend the research on the relationships between emotional intelligence and various indicators of subjective well-being in adolescents, such as stress and social anxiety. The existence of differences in stress and social anxiety as a function of an emotional intelligence score is also analyzed. A total of 505 Spanish adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 participated in the study. The results obtained support the existence of a positive relationship between trait emotional intelligence and subjective well-being. Likewise, the existence of a negative association between emotional intelligence and stress, and emotional intelligence and social anxiety, is confirmed. These results are consistent with other similar works based on adolescent samples.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Inteligência Emocional , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
8.
Univ. psychol ; 16(4): 213-225, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-963315

RESUMO

Resumen Este trabajo presenta la adaptación y validación española del Cuestionario Sociométrico Guess Who 4 (GW4) (Mavroveli, Petrides, Sangareau, & Furnham, 2009), que evalúa la reputación social en el contexto del grupo-aula, fundamentado en la técnica de evaluación por pares de Coie & Dodge (1988). La muestra se compone de 668 alumnos de tercero a sexto de Educación Primaria, y edades comprendidas entre 7-13 años (M= 9.6, DT= 1.11). Se analizan las correlaciones del GW4 con problemas emocionales y de conducta infantil, y rendimiento académico, en función del sexo. Los resultados avalan la fiabilidad y validez criterial del instrumento para la evaluación breve de la competencia social, con fines de investigación o de aplicación en la práctica de la evaluación psicoeducativa y la orientación psicopedagógica.


Abstract This paper presents the Spanish adaptation and validation of the Guess Who 4 Sociometric Questionnaire (GW4) (Mavroveli, Petrides, Sangareau, and Furnham, 2009), which assesses the social reputation in the context of group-classroom, based on the peer assessment technique by Coie and Dodge (1988). The sample consists of 668 students from third to sixth of primary education, aged 7-13 years (M =9.6, SD=1.11). GW4 correlations with emotional and behavioral problems of child and academic performance are analyzed. The results support the reliability and criterion validity of the instrument as a brief assessment of social competence, for use in research or application to psychoeducational assessment and counseling.


Assuntos
Criança , Técnicas Sociométricas , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Habilidades Sociais
9.
Ter. psicol ; 35(3): 239-246, Dec. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-904197

RESUMO

El estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar los efectos de un programa de inteligencia emocional en la ansiedad y el autoconcepto en mujeres con cáncer de mama sometidas a cirugía. Se utilizó una muestra de 81 mujeres, 39 pertenecientes al grupo de intervención y 42 al grupo control. El estudio utilizó un diseño cuasiexperimental de medidas repetidas pretest-postest con grupo de control. Para evaluar el efecto del programa se administraron tres instrumentos de evaluación, el TMMS-24, Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera y Ramos (2004), la Escala de Autoconcepto AF5 (García y Musitu, 1999), y el STAI Estado de Spielberger, Gorsuch y Lushene (1982). Los resultados de los ANCOVAs postest confirman mejoras estadísticamente significativas en el grupo de intervención en las variables de claridad emocional, reparación emocional, en todas las subescalas del autoconcepto, así como, una disminución de la ansiedad en las mujeres con cáncer de mama. Por otro lado, se observó que existen interacciones entre la variable tiempo de diagnóstico y las variables dependientes.


The study aims to assess the effects of an emotional intelligence programme on anxiety and seft-concept in women with breast cancer who have undergone surgery. The study sample consists of 81 women, 39 belonging to the intervention group and 42 to the control group. The study used a cuasi-experiment design of repeated pre-test-post-test measures with control group. To evaluate the program's effect, three assessment tools were employed, TMMS-24 (Fernández-Berrocal, Extremera y Ramos, 2004), AF5 self-concept scale (García y Musitu, 1999), and STAI (Spielberger, Gorsuch y Lushene, 1982). The results of the ACNOVA postest show statistically significant improvements in the intervention group in the variables of emotional clarity, emotional reparation, in all the subscales of self-concept, as well as, a decrease in anxiety in women with breast cancer. On the other hand, it was noted that there are interactions between the variable of diagnosis time and the dependent variables.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ansiedade/terapia , Autoimagem , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Inteligência Emocional
10.
Univ. psychol ; 16(3): 78-90, jul.-set. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-963278

RESUMO

Resumen A partir del Inventario de Autoeficacia para Inteligencias Múltiples (IAMI), desarrollado en Argentina por Pérez, Beltramino y Cupani (2003), presentamos una adaptación abreviada para adolescentes españoles (IAMI-M40). IAMI evalúa la autoeficacia que los adolescentes tienen sobre las distintas inteligencias múltiples (IIMM) propuestas por Gardner (1999). En una muestra de estudiantes españoles de educación secundaria de 11 a 19 años (n = 313), se evaluó su inteligencia fluida (PMA-R), cristalizada (16-PF-R) y emocional (TEIQue-ASF), y su nivel de IIMM mediante una adaptación española. El análisis factorial exploratorio de la adaptación española identificó ocho factores correspondientes a cada tipo de inteligencia del modelo de Gardner (1999), reteniendo 40 ítems de los 69 originales. Los resultados avalan la fiabilidad y la validez convergente del IAMI-M40.


Abstract From the Self-Efficacy Inventory for Multiple Intelligences (IAMI), developed in Argentina by Pérez, Beltramino and Cupani (2003), we present a shortened adaptation of this self-report for Spanish adolescents (IAMI-M40). IAMI evaluates the self-efficacy that adolescents have about the different multiple intelligences (IIMM) proposed by Gardner (1999). In a sample of Spanish secondary school students 11 to 19 years (n = 313), its fluid (PMA-R), crystallized (16-PF-R), and emotional intelligence (TEIQue-ASF) and their level of IIMM by an Spanish adaptation of IAMI was assessed. Exploratory factor analysis of the Spanish adaptation of IAMI identified eight factors for each type of intelligence according to the Gardner's (1999) model, holding 40 items of the 69 original. The results support the reliability and convergent validity of IAMI-M40.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Autoeficácia , Inteligência
11.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 65(4): 145-152, 16 ago., 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-166089

RESUMO

Introducción. Recientemente se ha advertido que los niños con trastorno por déficit de atención/hiperactividad (TDAH) muestran algún déficit en su competencia o inteligencia emocional, en concreto, en su capacidad de reconocimiento emocional. Pacientes y métodos. Se presenta una revisión sistemática de la literatura científica referente al reconocimiento emocional de expresiones faciales en niños con TDAH con el objeto de establecer o descartar la existencia de déficits emocionales como disfunciones primarias en dicho trastorno y, en su caso, el tamaño del efecto de las diferencias con niños de desarrollo normal o neurotípico. Resultados. Los resultados desvelan lo reciente del interés sobre el asunto y la limitada información al respecto. A pesar de que no hay acuerdo total, la mayor parte de los estudios evidencia que el reconocimiento emocional de expresiones faciales está afectado en los niños con TDAH, y éstos se muestran significativamente menos precisos que niños pertenecientes a grupos control en el reconocimiento de emociones comunicadas a través de expresiones faciales. Una parte de estos estudios realiza comparaciones en el reconocimiento de diferentes emociones discretas, y se observa en los niños con TDAH una tendencia a la mayor dificultad para el reconocimiento de emociones negativas, principalmente ira, miedo y asco. Conclusiones. Estos resultados tienen implicaciones directas para el diagnóstico educativo y clínico del TDAH, y para la intervención educativa con niños con TDAH, a quienes la educación emocional podría suponerles una ventajosa ayuda (AU)


Introduction. It has recently been warned that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show a deficit in emotional competence and emotional intelligence, specifically in their ability to emotional recognition. Patients and methods. A systematic review of the scientific literature in reference to the emotional recognition of facial expressions in children with ADHD is presented in order to establish or rule the existence of emotional deficits as primary dysfunction in this disorder and, where appropriate, the effect size of the differences against normal development or neurotypical children. Results. The results reveal the recent interest in the issue and the lack of information. Although there is no complete agreement, most of the studies show that emotional recognition of facial expressions is affected in children with ADHD, showing them significantly less accurate than children from control groups in recognizing emotions communicated through facial expressions. A part of these studies make comparisons on the recognition of different discrete emotions; having observed that children with ADHD tend to a greater difficulty recognizing negative emotions, especially anger, fear, and disgust. Conclusions. These results have direct implications for the educational and clinical diagnosis of ADHD; and for the educational intervention for children with ADHD, emotional education might entail an advantageous aid (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Reconhecimento Facial , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Inteligência Emocional , Ajustamento Emocional , Estudos de Casos e Controles
12.
Psicol. educ. (Madr.) ; 23(1): 29-36, jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-162958

RESUMO

El presente estudio está dirigido a conocer la opinión de los maestros sobre la importancia de algunas de las dimensiones que componen el dominio muestral de la IE para ser un maestro altamente competente. Se contó con una muestra de 196 docentes de Educación Infantil y Primaria, evaluándose la importancia de algunas de las dimensiones que componen el dominio muestral de la IE para ser un maestro altamente competente. También se evaluó el nivel de inteligencia emocional (IE) del profesorado. Los docentes de Infantil expresaron mayor valoración de la importancia de las dimensiones de la IE que los docentes de Primaria. Los docentes con alta IE mostraron un mayor reconocimiento de la importancia de las dimensiones que componen el dominio muestral de la IE para ser un maestro altamente competente que sus colegas con niveles bajos de IE


The present study is aimed at knowing the opinion of Primary Education teachers about the importance of some of the dimensions that make up the sample domain of EI in order to be a highly-competent teacher. The sample consisted of 196 teachers of Pre-school and Primary Education. The importance of some of the dimensions that make up the sample domain of EI in order to be a highly-competent teacher was assessed. The level of EI of teachers was also assessed. Pre-school Education teachers conferred a higher assessment in terms of importance to the dimensions of EI than Primary Education teachers. Teachers with a high EI showed a greater recognition of the importance of the dimensions that make up the sample domain of EI in order to be a highly-competent teacher than their colleagues with low levels of EI


Assuntos
Humanos , Inteligência Emocional , Competência Profissional , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação Pré-Escolar , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Psicometria/instrumentação
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