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1.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068051

RESUMO

The Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has recently issued a position paper on the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in heart failure (HF). The present document provides an update of the position paper, based of new clinical trial evidence. Accordingly, the following recommendations are given: Canagliflozin, dapagliflozin empagliflozin, or ertugliflozin have consistently demonstrated to be effective for the prevention of HF hospitalisation in patients with T2DM and established CV disease or at high CV risk. The specifically listed agents are recommended. Dapagliflozin or empagliflozin are recommended to reduce the combined risk of HF hospitalisation and CV death in symptomatic patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction, already receiving guideline directed medical therapy, regardless of the presence of T2DM.

2.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006257

RESUMO

Serum biomarkers are an important tool in the baseline risk assessment and diagnosis of cardiovascular disease in cancer patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer treatments. Increases in cardiac biomarkers including cardiac troponin and natriuretic peptides can be used to guide initiation of cardioprotective treatments for cancer patients during treatment and to monitor the response to cardioprotective treatments, and they also offer prognostic value. This position statement examines the role of cardiac biomarkers in the management of cancer patients. The Cardio-Oncology Study Group of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the Cardio-Oncology Council of the ESC have evaluated the current evidence for the role of cardiovascular biomarkers in cancer patients before, during and after cardiotoxic cancer therapies. The characteristics of the main two biomarkers troponin and natriuretic peptides are discussed, the link to the mechanisms of cardiovascular toxicity, and the evidence for their clinical use in surveillance during and after anthracycline chemotherapy, trastuzumab and HER2-targeted therapies, vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors, immune checkpoint inhibitors, cyclophosphamide and radiotherapy. Novel surveillance clinical pathways integrating cardiac biomarkers for cancer patients receiving anthracycline chemotherapy or trastuzumab biomarkers are presented and future direction in cardio-oncology biomarker research are discussed.

4.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892431

RESUMO

The Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology has published a previous position paper and various guidelines over the past decade recognizing the value of palliative care for those affected by this burdensome condition. Integrating palliative care into evidence-based heart failure management remains challenging for many professionals, as it includes the identification of palliative care needs, symptom control, adjustment of drug and device therapy, advance care planning, family and informal caregiver support, and trying to ensure a 'good death'. This new position paper aims to provide day-to-day practical clinical guidance on these topics, supporting the coordinated provision of palliation strategies as goals of care fluctuate along the heart failure disease trajectory. The specific components of palliative care for symptom alleviation, spiritual and psychosocial support, and the appropriate modification of guideline-directed treatment protocols, including drug deprescription and device deactivation, are described for the chronic, crisis and terminal phases of heart failure.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767651

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiomyopathies comprise a heterogeneous group of diseases, often of genetic origin. We assessed the current practice of genetic counselling and testing in the prospective European Society of Cardiology EURObservational Research Programme Cardiomyopathy Registry. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3208 adult patients from 69 centres in 18 countries were enrolled. Genetic counselling was performed in 60.8% of all patients [75.4% in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), 39.2% in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), 70.8% in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), and 49.2% in restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), P < 0.001]. Comparing European geographical areas, genetic counselling was performed from 42.4% to 83.3% (P < 0.001). It was provided by a cardiologist (85.3%), geneticist (15.1%), genetic counsellor (11.3%), or a nurse (7.5%) (P < 0.001). Genetic testing was performed in 37.3% of all patients (48.8% in HCM, 18.6% in DCM, 55.6% in ARVC, and 43.6% in RCM, P < 0.001). Index patients with genetic testing were younger at diagnosis and had more familial disease, family history of sudden cardiac death, or implanted cardioverter defibrillators but less co-morbidities than those not tested (P < 0.001 for each comparison). At least one disease-causing variant was found in 41.7% of index patients with genetic testing (43.3% in HCM, 33.3% in DCM, 51.4% in ARVC, and 42.9% in RCM, P = 0.13). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first detailed report on the real-life practice of genetic counselling and testing in cardiomyopathies in Europe. Genetic counselling and testing were performed in a substantial proportion of patients but less often than recommended by European guidelines and much less in DCM than in HCM and ARVC, despite evidence for genetic background.

6.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621569

RESUMO

Cardiovascular (CV) imaging is an important tool in baseline risk assessment and detection of CV disease in oncology patients receiving cardiotoxic cancer therapies. This position statement examines the role of echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, nuclear cardiac imaging and computed tomography in the management of cancer patients. The Imaging and Cardio-Oncology Study Groups of the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in collaboration with the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) and the Cardio-Oncology Council of the ESC have evaluated the current evidence for the value of modern CV imaging in the cardio-oncology field. The most relevant echocardiographic parameters, including global longitudinal strain and three-dimensional ejection fraction, are proposed. The protocol for baseline pre-treatment evaluation and specific surveillance algorithms or pathways for anthracycline chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapies such as trastuzumab, vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, BCr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors, proteasome inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors are presented. The indications for CV imaging after completion of oncology treatment are considered. The typical consequences of radiation therapy and the possibility of their identification in the long term are also summarized. Special populations are discussed including female survivors planning pregnancy, patients with carcinoid disease, patients with cardiac tumours and patients with right heart failure. Future directions and ongoing CV imaging research in cardio-oncology are discussed.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(10): 2085-2095, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the functional and prognostic correlates of B-lines during stress echocardiography (SE). BACKGROUND: B-profile detected by lung ultrasound (LUS) is a sign of pulmonary congestion during SE. METHODS: The authors prospectively performed transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and LUS in 2,145 patients referred for exercise (n = 1,012), vasodilator (n = 1,054), or dobutamine (n = 79) SE in 11 certified centers. B-lines were evaluated in a 4-site simplified scan (each site scored from 0: A-lines to 10: white lung for coalescing B-lines). During stress the following were also analyzed: stress-induced new regional wall motion abnormalities in 2 contiguous segments; reduced left ventricular contractile reserve (peak/rest based on force, ≤2.0 for exercise and dobutamine, ≤1.1 for vasodilators); and abnormal coronary flow velocity reserve ≤2.0, assessed by pulsed-wave Doppler sampling in left anterior descending coronary artery and abnormal heart rate reserve (peak/rest heart rate) ≤1.80 for exercise and dobutamine (≤1.22 for vasodilators). All patients completed follow-up. RESULTS: According to B-lines at peak stress patients were divided into 4 different groups: group I, absence of stress B-lines (score: 0 to 1; n = 1,389; 64.7%); group II, mild B-lines (score: 2 to 4; n = 428; 20%); group III, moderate B-lines (score: 5 to 9; n = 209; 9.7%) and group IV, severe B-lines (score: ≥10; n = 119; 5.4%). During median follow-up of 15.2 months (interquartile range: 12 to 20 months) there were 38 deaths and 28 nonfatal myocardial infarctions in 64 patients. At multivariable analysis, severe stress B-lines (hazard ratio [HR]: 3.544; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.466 to 8.687; p = 0.006), abnormal heart rate reserve (HR: 2.276; 95% CI: 1.215 to 4.262; p = 0.010), abnormal coronary flow velocity reserve (HR: 2.178; 95% CI: 1.059 to 4.479; p = 0.034), and age (HR: 1.031; 95% CI: 1.002 to 1.062; p = 0.037) were independent predictors of death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Severe stress B-lines predict death and nonfatal myocardial infarction. (Stress Echo 2020-The International Stress Echo Study [SE2020]; NCT03049995).

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20687, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery is the only potentially curative treatment for gastric cancer, however, it bears a high postoperative morbidity and mortality rate. A recent randomized control trial proposed prehabilitation to reduce the postoperative morbidity in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Currently, there is a lack of evidence of using prehabilitation for patients undergoing gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The aim of our study is to demonstrate that home-based prehabilitation can reduce postoperative morbidity after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: PREFOG is a multi-center, open-label randomized control trial comparing 90-days postoperative morbidity rate after gastrectomy for gastric cancer between patients with or without prehabilitation. One-hundred twenty-eight patients will be randomized into an intervention or control group. The intervention arm will receive trimodal home-based prehabilitation including nutritional, psychological and exercise interventions. Secondary outcomes of the study will include physical and nutritional status, anxiety and depression level, quality of life, postoperative mortality rates and full completion of the oncological treatment as determined by the multidisciplinary tumor board. DISCUSSION: PREFOG study will show if home-based trimodal prehabilitation is effective to reduce postoperative morbidity after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Moreover, this study will allow us to determine whether prehabilitation can improve physical fitness and activity levels, nutritional status and quality of life as well as reducing anxiety and depression levels after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04223401 (First posted: 10 January 2020).


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/reabilitação , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Medicina de Precisão , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke volume response during stress is a major determinant of functional status in heart failure and can be measured by two-dimensional (2-D) volumetric stress echocardiography (SE). The present study hypothesis is that SE may identify mechanisms underlying the change in stroke volume by measuring preload reserve through end-diastolic volume (EDV) and left ventricular contractile reserve (LVCR) with systolic blood pressure and end-systolic volume (ESV). METHODS: We enrolled 4,735 patients (age 63.6 ± 11.3 yrs, 2800 male) referred to SE for known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or heart failure (HF) in 21 SE laboratories in 8 countries. In addition to regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA), force was measured at rest and peak stress as the ratio of systolic blood pressure by cuff sphygmomanometer/ESV by 2D with Simpson's or linear method. Abnormal values of LVCR (peak/rest) based on force were ≤1.10 for dipyridamole (n=1,992 patients) and adenosine (n=18); ≤2.0 for exercise (n=2,087) or dobutamine (n=638). RESULTS: Force-based LVCR was obtained in all 4,735 pts. Lack of stroke volume increase during stress was due to either abnormal LVCR and/or blunted preload reserve, and 57 % of patients with abnormal LVCR nevertheless showed increase in stroke volume. CONCLUSIONS: Volumetric SE is highly feasible with all stresses, and more frequently impaired in presence of ischemic RWMA, absence of viability and reduced coronary flow velocity reserve. It identifies an altered stroke volume response due to reduced preload and/or contractile reserve.

10.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618086

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is common and associated with a poor prognosis, despite advances in treatment. Over the last decade cardiovascular outcome trials with sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have demonstrated beneficial effects for three SGLT2 inhibitors (empagliflozin, canagliflozin and dapagliflozin) in reducing hospitalisations for HF. More recently, dapagliflozin reduced the risk of worsening HF or death from cardiovascular causes in patients with chronic HF with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus. A number of additional trials in HF patients with reduced and/or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction are ongoing and/or about to be reported. The present position paper summarises recent clinical trial evidence and discusses the role of SGLT2 inhibitors in the treatment of HF, pending the results of ongoing trials in different populations of patients with HF.

11.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heterogeneous disease with a spectrum of etiological factors. However, subsets of the disease are not well-characterized with respect to these factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of myocardial inflammation and cardiotropic viruses in DCM patients and their impact on clinical outcome. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with DCM underwent endomyocardial biopsy between 2010 and 2013. Biopsies were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the presence of cardiotropic viruses, and inflammatory cell infiltration was assessed by immunohistochemistry. During a 5-year follow-up, 27 (47%) patients reached the primary composite outcome measure: heart transplantation, left ventricle assist device implantation or cardiovascular-related death. RESULTS: rvovirus B19 and human herpesvirus type-6. Four specific sub-groups were distinguished by PCR and immunohistochemistry: virus-positive (chronic) myocarditis, autoreactive inflammatory DCM, viral DCM, non-inflammatory DCM. The presence of a viral genome in myocardium or diagnosis of inflammatory DCM did not predict the outcome of composite outcome measures (p > 0.05). However, univariate Cox regression and survival function estimation revealed an association between inflammation by a high number of T-cells and poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that two markers - cardiotropic viruses and myocardial inflammation - are prevalent among DCM patients. They are also helpful in identifying sub-groups of DCM. An increased number of T-lymphocytes in the myocardium is a predictor of poor mid-term and long-term prognosis.

12.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469155

RESUMO

Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a complex multifactorial clinical syndrome with extremely high mortality, developing as a continuum, and progressing from the initial insult (underlying cause) to the subsequent occurrence of organ failure and death. There is a large spectrum of CS presentations resulting from the interaction between an acute cardiac insult and a patient's underlying cardiac and overall medical condition. Phenotyping patients with CS may have clinical impact on management because classification would support initiation of appropriate therapies. CS management should consider appropriate organization of the health care services, and therapies must be given to the appropriately selected patients, in a timely manner, whilst avoiding iatrogenic harm. Although several consensus-driven algorithms have been proposed, CS management remains challenging and substantial investments in research and development have not yielded proof of efficacy and safety for most of the therapies tested, and outcome in this condition remains poor. Future studies should consider the identification of the new pathophysiological targets, and high-quality translational research should facilitate incorporation of more targeted interventions in clinical research protocols, aimed to improve individual patient outcomes. Designing outcome clinical trials in CS remains particularly challenging in this critical and very costly scenario in cardiology, but information from these trials is imperiously needed to better inform the guidelines and clinical practice. The goal of this review is to summarize the current knowledge concerning the definition, epidemiology, underlying causes, pathophysiology and management of CS based on important lessons from clinical trials and registries, with a focus on improving in-hospital management.

13.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32347648

RESUMO

Acute coronary syndrome is a precipitant of acute heart failure in a substantial proportion of cases, and the presence of both conditions is associated with a higher risk of short-term mortality compared to acute coronary syndrome alone. The diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome in the setting of acute heart failure can be challenging. Patients may present with atypical or absent chest pain, electrocardiograms can be confounded by pre-existing abnormalities, and cardiac biomarkers are frequently elevated in patients with chronic or acute heart failure, independently of acute coronary syndrome. It is important to distinguish transient or limited myocardial injury from primary myocardial infarction due to vascular events in patients presenting with acute heart failure. This paper outlines various clinical scenarios to help differentiate between these conditions and aims to provide clinicians with tools to aid in the recognition of acute coronary syndrome as a cause of acute heart failure. Interpretation of electrocardiogram and biomarker findings, and imaging techniques that may be helpful in the diagnostic work-up are described. Guidelines recommend an immediate invasive strategy for patients with acute heart failure and acute coronary syndrome, regardless of electrocardiographic or biomarker findings. Pharmacological management of patients with acute coronary syndrome and acute heart failure should follow guidelines for each of these syndromes, with priority given to time-sensitive therapies for both. Studies conducted specifically in patients with the combination of acute coronary syndrome and acute heart failure are needed to better define the management of these patients.

14.
Eur J Emerg Med ; 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigating whether it is safe or not to administrate diuretics to patients arriving at emergency departments in a stage of acute dyspnea but without a final diagnosis of acute heart failure. METHODS: We analyzed an unselected multinational sample of patients with dyspnea without a final diagnosis of acute heart failure from Global Research on Acute Conditions Team (France, Lithuania, Tunisia) and Basics in Acute Shortness of Breath Evaluation (Switzerland) registries. Thirty-day all-cause mortality and 30-day postdischarge all-cause readmission rate of treated patients with diuretics at emergency departments were compared with untreated patients by unadjusted and adjusted hazard and odds ratios. Interaction and stratified analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 2505 patients. Among them, 365 (14.6%) received diuretics in emergency departments. Thirty-day mortality was 4.5% (treated/untreated = 5.2%/4.3%, hazard ratio: 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.75-2.00) and 30-day readmission rate was 11.3% (14.7%/10.8%, odds ratio: 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 0.95-2.11). After adjustment, no differences were found between two groups in mortality (hazard ratio: 0.86; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-1.44) and readmission (odds ratio: 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-1.82). Age significantly interacted with the use of diuretics and readmission (P = 0.03), with better prognosis when used in patients >80 years (odds ratio: 0.27; 95% confidence interval, 0.07-1.03) than in patients ≤80 years (odds ratio: 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 0.94-2.63). CONCLUSIONS: Diuretic administration to patients presenting to emergency departments with dyspnea while they were undiagnosed and in whom acute heart failure was finally excluded was not associated with 30-day all-cause mortality and 30-day postdischarge all-cause readmission rate.

15.
Eur Heart J ; 41(13): 1357-1364, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125360

RESUMO

AIMS: Recent data from national registries suggest that acute heart failure (AHF) outcomes might vary in men and women, however, it is not known whether this observation is universal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of biological sex and 1-year all-cause mortality in patients with AHF in various regions of the world. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed several AHF cohorts including GREAT registry (22 523 patients, mostly from Europe and Asia) and OPTIMIZE-HF (26 376 patients from the USA). Clinical characteristics and medication use at discharge were collected. Hazard ratios (HRs) for 1-year mortality according to biological sex were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards regression model with adjustment for baseline characteristics (e.g. age, comorbidities, clinical and laboratory parameters at admission, left ventricular ejection fraction). In the GREAT registry, women had a lower risk of death in the year following AHF [HR 0.86 (0.79-0.94), P < 0.001 after adjustment]. This was mostly driven by northeast Asia [n = 9135, HR 0.76 (0.67-0.87), P < 0.001], while no significant differences were seen in other countries. In the OPTIMIZE-HF registry, women also had a lower risk of 1-year death [HR 0.93 (0.89-0.97), P < 0.001]. In the GREAT registry, women were less often prescribed with a combination of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and beta-blockers at discharge (50% vs. 57%, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Globally women with AHF have a lower 1-year mortality and less evidenced-based treatment than men. Differences among countries need further investigation. Our findings merit consideration when designing future global clinical trials in AHF.

16.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(1): e15445, 2020 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-care is key to the daily management of chronic heart failure (HF). After discharge from hospital, patients may struggle to recognize and respond to worsening HF symptoms. Failure to monitor and respond to HF symptoms may lead to unnecessary hospitalizations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) determine the feasibility of lung impedance measurements and a symptom diary to monitor HF symptoms daily at home for 30 days following hospital discharge and (2) determine daily changes in HF symptoms of pulmonary edema, lung impedance measurements, and if self-care behavior improves over time when patients use these self-care monitoring tools. METHODS: This study used a prospective longitudinal design including patients from cardiology wards in 2 university hospitals-one in Norway and one in Lithuania. Data on HF symptoms and pulmonary edema were collected from 10 participants (mean age 64.5 years; 90% (9/10) male) with severe HF (New York Heart Association classes III and IV) who were discharged home after being hospitalized for an HF condition. HF symptoms were self-reported using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale for Heart Failure. Pulmonary edema was measured by participants using a noninvasive lung impedance monitor, the CardioSet Edema Guard Monitor. Informal caregivers aided the participants with the noninvasive measurements. RESULTS: The prevalence and burden of shortness of breath varied from participants experiencing them daily to never, whereas lung impedance measurements varied for individual participants and the group participants, as a whole. Self-care behavior score improved significantly (P=.007) from a median of 56 (IQR range 22-75) at discharge to a median of 81 (IQR range 72-98) 30 days later. CONCLUSIONS: Noninvasive measurement of lung impedance daily and the use of a symptom diary were feasible at home for 30 days in HF patients. Self-care behavior significantly improved after 30 days of using a symptom diary and measuring lung impedance at home. Further research is needed to determine if daily self-care monitoring of HF signs and symptoms, combined with daily lung impedance measurements, may reduce hospital readmissions.


Assuntos
Impedância Elétrica/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Autocuidado/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Idoso , Cuidadores , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Autorrelato
17.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(2): 181-195, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815347

RESUMO

Acute heart failure is one of the main diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in clinical practice due to a non-specific clinical manifestation and the urgent need for timely and tailored management at the same time. In this position statement, the Heart Failure Association aims to systematize the use of various imaging methods in accordance with the timeline of acute heart failure care proposed in the recent guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology. During the first hours of admission the point-of-care focused cardiac and lung ultrasound examination is an invaluable tool for rapid differential diagnosis of acute dyspnoea, which is highly feasible and relatively easy to learn. Several portable and stationary imaging modalities are being increasingly used for the evaluation of cardiac structure and function, haemodynamic and volume status, precipitating myocardial ischaemia or valvular abnormalities, and systemic and pulmonary congestion. This paper emphasizes the central role of the full echocardiographic examination in the identification of heart failure aetiology, severity of cardiac dysfunction, indications for specific heart failure therapy, and risk stratification. Correct evaluation of cardiac filling pressures and accurate prognostication may help to prevent unscheduled short-term readmission. Alternative advanced imaging modalities should be considered to assist patient management in the pre- and post-discharge phase, including cardiac magnetic resonance, computed tomography, nuclear studies, and coronary angiography. The Heart Failure Association addresses this paper to the wide spectrum of acute care and heart failure specialists, highlighting the value of all available imaging techniques at specific stages and in common clinical scenarios of acute heart failure.

18.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(11): 1459-1467, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423712

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients admitted for acute heart failure (HF) are at high risk of readmission and death, especially in the 90 days following discharge. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of early optimization of oral HF therapy with beta-blockers (BB), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) or angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNi), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) on 90-day clinical outcomes in patients admitted for acute HF. METHODS: In a multicentre, randomized, open-label, parallel-group study, a total of 900 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either 'usual care' or 'high-intensity care'. Patients enrolled in the usual care arm will be discharged and managed according to usual clinical practice at the site. In the high-intensity care arm, doses of oral HF medications - including a BB, ACEi or ARB, and MRA - will be up-titrated to 50% of recommended doses before discharge and to 100% of recommended doses within 2 weeks of discharge. Up-titration will be delayed if the patients develop worsening symptoms and signs of congestion, hyperkalaemia, hypotension, bradycardia, worsening of renal function or significant increase in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide between visits. The primary endpoint is 90-day all-cause mortality or HF readmission. CONCLUSIONS: STRONG-HF is the first study to assess whether rapid up-titration of evidence-based guideline-recommended therapies with close follow-up in a large cohort of patients discharged from an acute HF admission is safe and can affect adverse outcomes during the first 90 days after discharge. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03412201.

19.
Cardiovasc Ultrasound ; 17(1): 13, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent triple-blind sham procedure-controlled study revealed neutral effects of the cardiac shock wave therapy (CSWT) on exercise tolerance and symptoms in patients with stable angina. Current data about the effects of CSWT on global and regional myocardial contractility and perfusion is limited. Hereby we report the results of an imaging sub-study that evaluated the capacity of CSWT to ameliorate myocardial ischemia induced during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and cardiac single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: Prospective, randomized, triple-blind, sham procedure-controlled study enrolled 72 adult subjects who complied with defined inclusion criteria. The subjects were assigned to the OMT + CSWT and the OMT + sham procedure study groups with 1:1 ratio. Application of the CSWT covered all segments of the left ventricle. Imaging ischemia tests were performed in 59 study patients: DSE and SPECT before the CSWT treatment and after 6 months, with DSE carried out additionally at 3 months after randomization. Co-primary endpoints of the study were: change in wall motion score index (WMSI), representing the stress-induced impairment of regional myocardial function, and change in summed difference score (SDS), representing the amount of perfusion defect. RESULTS: OMT + CSWT and OMT + sham procedure study groups included 30 and 29 patients, respectively. Regional myocardial contractility during DSE significantly improved at 3 months follow-up in OMT + CSWT group compared to baseline as shown by WMSI at stress (1.4 ± 0.4 vs 1.6 ± 0.4, p = 0.001), but not in OMT + sham procedure group (1.5 ± 0.3 vs 1.6 ± 0.4, p = 0.136). The difference in stress DSE results between both study groups disappeared after 6 months. SPECT results demonstrated a significant reduction of inducible ischemia in OMT + CSWT group compared to OMT + sham procedure group at 6 months follow-up (SDS dropped from 5.4 ± 3.7 to 3.6 ± 3.8 vs 6.4 ± 5.9 to 6.2 ± 5 respectively, p = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac shock wave treatment showed the ability to reduce stress-induced myocardial ischemia, as assessed by wall motion abnormalities and perfusion defects, compared to sham procedure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT02339454 ). The trial was registered retrospectively on 12 January 2015.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/terapia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Idoso , Angina Estável/diagnóstico , Angina Estável/fisiopatologia , Angiografia Coronária , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Ondas Ultrassônicas
20.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(8): 951-960, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119140

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients discharged after hospitalization for acute heart failure (AHF) are frequently readmitted due to an incomplete decongestion, which is difficult to assess clinically. Recently, it has been shown that the use of a highly sensitive, non-invasive device measuring lung impedance (LI) reduces hospitalizations for heart failure (HF); it has also been shown that this device reduces the cardiovascular and all-cause mortality of stable HF patients when used in long-term out-patient follow-ups. The aim of these case series is to demonstrate the potential additive role of non-invasive home LI monitoring in the early post-discharge period. CASE SUMMARY: We present a case series of three patients who had performed daily LI measurements at home using the edema guard monitor (EGM) during 30 d after an episode of AHF. All patients had a history of chronic ischemic HF with a reduced ejection fraction and were hospitalized for 6-17 d. LI measurements were successfully made at home by patients with the help of their caregivers. The patients were carefully followed up by HF specialists who reacted to the values of LI measurements, blood pressure, heart rate and clinical symptoms. LI reduction was a more frequent trigger to medication adjustments compared to changes in symptoms or vital signs. Besides, LI dynamics closely tracked the use and dose of diuretics. CONCLUSION: Our case series suggests non-invasive home LI monitoring with EGM to be a reliable and potentially useful tool for the early detection of congestion or dehydration and thus for the further successful stabilization of a HF patient after a worsening episode.

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