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1.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190064, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of simultaneity of cardiovascular risk factors and their association with socio-demographic characteristics in older adults in Southern Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 1.553 elderly participants of the EpiFloripa study in Florianópolis-SC. The risk factors evaluated were: Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption, insufficient leisure-time physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking. The construction of the outcome was performed by combining all of the factors mentioned and then categorized. Bivariate and multivariate analyzes were performed using the Poisson regression. RESULTS: It was found that 57.6% of the elderly coexist with the simultaneity of cardiovascular risk factors. The combination of inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption and insufficient leisure-time physical activity was the most prevalent. The highest prevalence observed in women and men was the insufficient leisure-time physical activity and inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption of 46.4 and 28.1%, respectively. The observed prevalence of the four factors was higher among men (2.5%), whereas for women (0.3%). Men were 11.0% more likely to accumulate risk factors compared to women. And each additional year of schooling represents 4.0% less probability of accumulating cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The differences between the simultaneity of risk factors and sociodemographic aspects should be considered in the approach for older adults, both at the individual level and in the construction of public policies.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alcoolismo/complicações , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Exercício , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Verduras
2.
Nutrients ; 11(10)2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590272

RESUMO

Our objective was to investigate the relationship between dietary vitamin D intake and serum concentration of vitamin D (25(OH)D) on changes in body weight, waist circumference (WC), and body mass index (BMI), and to determine if this relationship changes between obese and non-obese individuals at baseline and those who have or do not have 25(OH)D deficiency. This was a prospective study with a sample of 572 individuals aged 25-65 years, who were participants in the cohort study EpiFloripa Adults. Changes in weight (in kg), BMI, and WC between 2012 and 2014 were evaluated as outcomes. The main exposure was the dietary intake of vitamin D (2012), and the 25(OH)D serum concentration was secondary. When the analyses were stratified by the presence of obesity in the baseline, among obese individuals it was observed that those in the extreme categories of vitamin D intake had an average gain of 3.0 kg in weight, 0.9 kg/m2 in BMI, and 1.7-2.7 cm in WC. When 25(OH)D serum concentration were incorporated into the analyses, it was observed that non-obese subjects not having 25(OH)D deficiency had a mean reduction of 2.3 cm in WC. In conclusion, the increases in body weight, BMI, and WC were higher over time in obese patients with deficient 25(OH)D serum concentration, regardless of dietary vitamin D intake.

3.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 27(2): 210-224, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011753

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução Exames complementares podem contribuir para a compreensão da etiologia de agravos à saúde de idosos. Objetivo Descrever os aspectos operacionais e protocolos referentes à coleta, análise e armazenamento de material biológico, exames de imagem e capacidade físico-funcional. Método Estudo longitudinal, de base populacional, com 604 idosos (≥ 60 anos) do estudo EpiFloripa Idoso, em 2014. Foram coletados dados de material biológico, composição corporal, densitometria óssea, ultrassonografia da espessura íntima média das artérias carótidas, força de preensão manual e a atividade física. Resultados A taxa de resposta foi de 50,4%. Houve perda de seguimento em relação à faixa etária, estado cognitivo e atividades de vida diária. Os indivíduos que realizaram os exames eram mais novos, trabalhavam no momento da entrevista, ingeriam álcool, eram fisicamente ativos. Além de apresentarem menor grau de dependência, ausência de déficit cognitivo, ausência de sintomas depressivos e ausência de dificuldade na mobilidade. Conclusão Espera-se que a descrição das rotinas aplicadas possa auxiliar no desenvolvimento de novas pesquisas semelhantes em grupos de idosos. Assim, poderá ser acompanhado o processo de envelhecimento da população, seus fatores de risco e proteção.


Abstract Background Complementary exams may contribute to the understanding of the etiology of health problems in older adults. Objective To describe the operational aspects and protocols used to collect, analyze and storage biological materials, image exams and physical-functional capacity tests. Method This is a longitudinal and population-based study with 604 older adults (≥ 60 years) from EpiFloripa Ageing Study, in 2014. Data of biological material, body composition, bone densitometry, ultrasonography of the carotid artery intima average thickness, hand grip strength and physical activity were collected. Results The response rate was 50.4%. There was loss of follow-up in relation to age, cognitive status, and activities of daily living. The individuals who performed the tests were younger, worked by the time of the interview, ingested alcohol and were physically active. Also, they were less dependent, absence of cognitive impairment, absence of depressive symptoms and absence of difficulty in mobility. Conclusion It is expected that the description of the applied routines may help in the development of new similar research in the older adult population. Thus, the aging process of the population, its risk and protection factors can be followed.

4.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(4): 1463-1472, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066848

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to estimate the association between life habits and adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) after four years of follow-up among elderly of a cohort in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. This is a longitudinal population-based study, the sample being composed of individuals 60 years of age or older living in the urban area of the city of Florianópolis-SC. The baseline study took place in 2009-2010 and the second wave in 2013-2014. Adequate consumption was assessed by considering the frequency of ingestion of F&V at least five times a day at least five times a week. Life habits (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and Internet use) and a biological variable (nutritional status) were associated. Multilevel logistic regression was used for the statistical analysis. There was a 5.23% increase in F&V consumption between evaluations. In the adjusted final models, internet use was associated with a greater chance of regular consumption of F&V (OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.09 - 2.01), while overweight was associated with a lower chance of outcome (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.61 - 0.95). In conclusion, using the internet has proven to contribute significantly to a more adequate diet in F&V, as well as being overweight has shown to be a risk factor.


Assuntos
Estudos de Coortes , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Frutas , Estado Nutricional , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Brasil , Exercício/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Verduras
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(4): 1463-1472, abr. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001769

RESUMO

Resumo O objetivo foi estimar a associação entre hábitos de vida e o consumo adequado de frutas, legumes e verduras (FLV) após quatro anos de seguimento entre os idosos de uma coorte em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal de base populacional sendo a amostra constituída por indivíduos de 60 anos ou mais, moradores da zona urbana da cidade de Florianópolis-SC. A linha de base do estudo ocorreu em 2009-2010 e a segunda onda em 2013-2014. O consumo adequado foi avaliado considerando a frequência de ingestão de FLV ao menos cinco vezes ao dia em pelo menos cinco vezes na semana. Foi realizada associação com hábitos de vida (tabagismo, consumo de álcool, atividade física e uso de internet) e uma variável biológica (estado nutricional). Nas análises estatísticas utilizou-se regressão logística multinível. Observou-se um aumento de 5,23 % no consumo de FLV de uma onda para outra. Na análise ajustada, o uso de internet foi associado à maior chance de consumo regular de FLV (OR = 1,48 IC95% 1,09 - 2,01), enquanto o excesso de peso foi associado à menor chance do desfecho (OR = 0,76 IC95% 0,61-0,95). Conclui-se que utilizar a internet demonstrou ser um hábito de vida que contribui significativamente para uma dieta mais adequada em FLV, bem como o excesso de peso um fator de risco.


Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the association between life habits and adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (F&V) after four years of follow-up among elderly of a cohort in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. This is a longitudinal population-based study, the sample being composed of individuals 60 years of age or older living in the urban area of the city of Florianópolis-SC. The baseline study took place in 2009-2010 and the second wave in 2013-2014. Adequate consumption was assessed by considering the frequency of ingestion of F&V at least five times a day at least five times a week. Life habits (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and Internet use) and a biological variable (nutritional status) were associated. Multilevel logistic regression was used for the statistical analysis. There was a 5.23% increase in F&V consumption between evaluations. In the adjusted final models, internet use was associated with a greater chance of regular consumption of F&V (OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.09 - 2.01), while overweight was associated with a lower chance of outcome (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.61 - 0.95). In conclusion, using the internet has proven to contribute significantly to a more adequate diet in F&V, as well as being overweight has shown to be a risk factor.

6.
J Epidemiol Community Health ; 73(6): 544-548, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brazil is among the 10 countries with the highest prevalence of overweight in the world. The aim was to analyse the changes in the dispersion of body mass index (BMI) in the Brazilian population from the 1970s to 2013 in specific population groups. METHODS: Data were extracted from five national household surveys between 1974-1975 and 2013, including adults aged 20 to 64. We calculated SD, median, fifth and 95th percentiles of BMI for each sociodemographic category (sex, age, schooling) and survey year in order to explore whether changes in mean BMI are followed by changes in dispersion. RESULTS: During the period the mean BMI ranged from 22.7 kg/m2 to 26.6 kg/m2, with a much higher variation in the 95th percentile (+6.1 kg/m2) when compared with the fifth percentile (+1.8 kg/m2). The within-group differences increased over time. The SD increased in all categories analysed and was higher among women, lower schooling groups and the oldest group. An increase of 1.0 kg/m2 in the BMI mean was associated with an increase of 0.32 kg/m2 in the SD, 0.45 kg/m2 in the fifth percentile and 1.50 kg/m2 in the 95th percentile of BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Population changes occurred in BMI are more complex than the simple increase of its average. Concomitant to the increase in BMI, there was an increase in the within-group differences, showing that growing inequalities are not driven solely by sociodemographic factors.

7.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; : 1-11, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789806

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: According to the literature, education and income are determinants factors of diet quality and consequently of micronutrient intake. However, this association is still little known among adults who live in middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To estimate energy and micronutrients intake by men and women living in a capital city in southern Brazil, according to education and income levels, and to identify prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intake according also to education and income levels. METHOD: This is a second wave cross-sectional analysis of a population-based longitudinal study, the EpiFloripa Adultos, including 1,222 individuals of 22-63 years. Data on food consumption were obtained through applying two 24-hour dietary recalls, and the prevalence of inadequate micronutrient intake, following the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine and from the National Research Council. RESULTS: A tendency of increased intake with an increase in income (calcium, vitamins C, E) and education levels (calcium, vitamins A, C, D) was observed for most of the micronutrients analyzed (p<0.05 in all cases); still, a prevalence of inadequacy according to Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) between 85.5-100% in intake of vitamins A, D and E were found for the whole sample. Iron inadequate intake was associated with education level and among women less than 50 years of age (p=0.018). CONCLUSION: The results showed an influence of the education and income levels on micronutrient intake, point to the need of daily food consumption, of minimally processed and in natura foods (as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk and its derivatives) as a means to reduce the encountered inadequacies.

8.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0210861, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between sedentary behavior and different intensities of physical activity with cardiometabolic risk, and to analyze the simultaneous effect of excess sedentary behavior and recommended levels of physical activity on cardiometabolic risk markers in older adults. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study on a sample of older adults (60+) living in Florianopolis, Brazil. The objectively measured predictors were sedentary time, light physical activity and moderate to vigorous physical activity, and the outcomes were markers of cardiometabolic risk. Data were considered valid when the participant had used the accelerometer for at least four days per week. RESULTS: The sample included 425 older adults (59.8% women), with a mean age of 73.9 years (95%CI: 73.5-74.4). Sedentary behavior was associated with lower systolic blood pressure levels (ß = -0.03; 95%CI: -0.05; -0.01) and lower HDL cholesterol (ß = -0.02; 95%CI: -0.02; -0.01). Light physical activity was not associated with any cardiovascular risk markers after adjustment. Each minute spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity was associated with lower waist circumference (ß = -0.15; 95%CI: -0.24; -0.05), systolic blood pressure (ß = -0.18; 95%CI: -0.32; -0.04) and plasma glucose (ß = -0.18; 95%CI: -0.33;-0.02), and with higher HDL cholesterol (ß = 0.10; 95%CI: 0.01; 0.18). Moreover, physically inactive and sedentary individuals had a greater mean waist circumference and lower HDL cholesterol than physically active and non-sedentary subjects. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that moderate to vigorous physical activity have a positive impact on cardiometabolic risk markers in older adults. Light physical activity does not appear to have a beneficial effect on the cardiometabolic markers, and despite the benefits provided by the different intensities of physical activity, the simultaneous presence of sedentary behavior and low physical activity level was associated with poor cardiometabolic risk markers.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Brasil , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
9.
Cad Saude Publica ; 33(12): e00136616, 2017 12 18.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29267687

RESUMO

The study's objective was to investigate the association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and indicators of general and abdominal obesity. Cross-sectional analysis of the second wave of the EpiFloripa Adults longitudinal study, including 1,222 individuals, aged 22-63 years and residing in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil. Food consumption data was obtained from two 24-hour food recalls, and habitual consumption and prevalence rates of inadequate consumption of calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, C, D, and E were estimated according to the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council guidelines. General obesity was defined based on the body mass index (BMI) values and abdominal obesity was based on waist circumference (WC) values. For most of the micronutrients investigated (calcium and vitamins A, C, D, and E), consumption levels were below the recommendations, with high prevalence of inadequate consumption in the sample as a whole. Only inadequate vitamin C intake was higher among obese individuals (general or abdominal). In addition, there was an inverse association between lower consumption of calcium and iron and higher BMI and WC, and between lower consumption of vitamins A and D and higher WC levels (ß = -0.92cm; 95%CI: -1.76; -0.08 and ß = -0.69 cm; 95%CI: -1.32; -0.06, respectively), especially in young adults. The study showed an inverse association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and general and abdominal obesity in a sample of adults in Southern Brazil.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Vitaminas/metabolismo , Circunferência da Cintura/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Deficiência de Vitaminas/complicações , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/metabolismo , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Oligoelementos/deficiência , Adulto Jovem
10.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 26(2): 305-317, abr.-jun. 2017. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-953323

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: identificar as mudanças sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde ocorridas ao longo do tempo nos participantes do estudo de coorte EpiFloripa Idoso. MÉTODOS: estudo longitudinal de base populacional com idosos de Florianópolis-SC, Brasil. RESULTADOS: entrevistou-se 1.702 idosos em 2009-2010 e 1.197 em 2013-2014 (proporções de resposta: 89,1% e 70,2%, respectivamente); após aproximadamente 4 anos, a maioria manteve-se com companheiro (53,4%), morando acompanhado (76,0%), sem trabalhar (78,0%), com percepção positiva de saúde (44,0%), sem usar internet (67,5%), sem fumar (57,5%), sem consumir bebida alcoólica (53,3%), insuficientemente ativo (56,3%), consumindo <5 porções diárias de frutas/hortaliças (57,3%), sem dependência (60,5%), com excesso de peso (47,0%) e rastreamento negativo para deficit cognitivo (69,4%), sem sintomas depressivos (72,0%) e sem sofrer quedas (60,6%). CONCLUSÕES: a maioria dos idosos não apresentou mudanças importantes em suas características sociodemográficas, comportamentais e de saúde; ressalta-se a necessidade de repensar ações mais efetivas para a melhoria da saúde dos idosos.


OBJETIVO: Identificar los cambios en el comportamiento, la demografía y las condiciones de salud en un seguimiento de los participantes de la encuesta de salud, EpiFloripa Idoso. MÉTODOS: Estudio poblacional longitudinal con adultos mayores de Florianópolis-SC, Brasil. RESULTADOS: Fueron entrevistados 1.702 ancianos en 2009-2010 y 1.197 en 2013-2014 (tasas de respuesta: 89,1% y 70,2%, respectivamente); entre los acompañados, la mayoría, se mantuvo con una pareja (54,4%), viviendo juntos (76,0%), sin trabajar (78,6%), mostraron una percepción positivo de salud (45,0%), sin utilizar Internet (67,3%), sin fumar (57,2%), sin consumir alcohol (52,6%), insuficientemente activos (55,9%), comiendo <5 porciones de frutas/verduras (49,0%), sin dependencia (60,8%), sobrepeso (46,0%), detección negativa para el deterioro cognitivo (68,8%), síntomas depresivos (76,9%) y sin sufrir caídas (60,6%). CONCLUSIONES: la mayoría de las personas mayores no mostraron cambios significativos en sus características analizadas; se hace hincapié en la necesidad de replantear la acción más efectiva para mejorar la salud de los adultos mayores.


OBJECTIVE: to identify sociodemographic, behavioral and health changes in a follow-up of participants in the health survey EpiFloripa Idoso. METHODS: this is a population-based longitudinal study with elderly individuals in Florianópolis-SC, Brazil. RESULTS: 1,702 elderly individuals were interviewed in 2009-2010 and 1,197 in 2013-2014 (response rate: 89.1% and 70.2%, respectively); among followed-up individuals, most of them remained with a partner (53.4%), living with other people (76.0%), not working (78.0%), with positive health perception (44.0%), not using the Internet (67.5%), not smoking (57.5%), not consuming alcohol (53.3%), not physically active (56.3%), consuming <5 servings of fruits/vegetables (57.3%), independent (60.5%), overweight (47.0%), with negative screening for cognitive impairment (69.4%), with no depressive symptoms (72.0%) and not having suffered falls (60.6%). CONCLUSION: most elderly did not show significant changes in their sociodemographic, behavioral and health characteristics; the need to rethink more effective actions to improve the elderly health stands out.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Saúde do Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais
11.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 26(2): 305-317, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28492772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify sociodemographic, behavioral and health changes in a follow-up of participants in the health survey EpiFloripa Idoso. METHODS: this is a population-based longitudinal study with elderly individuals in Florianópolis-SC, Brazil. RESULTS: 1,702 elderly individuals were interviewed in 2009-2010 and 1,197 in 2013-2014 (response rate: 89.1% and 70.2%, respectively); among followed-up individuals, most of them remained with a partner (53.4%), living with other people (76.0%), not working (78.0%), with positive health perception (44.0%), not using the Internet (67.5%), not smoking (57.5%), not consuming alcohol (53.3%), not physically active (56.3%), consuming <5 servings of fruits/vegetables (57.3%), independent (60.5%), overweight (47.0%), with negative screening for cognitive impairment (69.4%), with no depressive symptoms (72.0%) and not having suffered falls (60.6%). CONCLUSION: most elderly did not show significant changes in their sociodemographic, behavioral and health characteristics; the need to rethink more effective actions to improve the elderly health stands out.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol ; 20(1): 33-44, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-843839

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: to evaluate if the prevalence of healthy food consumption indicators among elderly persons with the self-reported diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and/or systemic arterial hypertension (DM and/or SAH) improved after diagnosis of these diseases, and to compare if the prevalence of such indicators was more frequent among elderly persons with DM and/or SAH than in elderly persons without these diseases. Method: a longitudinal study of 1,197 elderly persons aged 60-104 years, living in Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, was performed, considering as an outcome the self-reported diagnosis of diabetes and/or hypertension. Healthy consumption indicators (exposures) were considered the maintenance and/or acquisition of the intake of fruit and vegetables ≥3 and ≥2 times/day, respectively, the consumption of fatty meat <2 times/week, and fried foods <2 times/week. Data was analyzed in terms of absolute and relative frequencies, and Poisson Regression was used to obtain the crude and adjusted prevalence of food consumption indicators. Values of p≤0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: when comparing the prevalences of the indicators of healthy food consumption among elderly persons with DM and/or SAH with those without these diseases, it was observed that only the consumption of fried foods changed positively between the periods 2009-2010 and 2013-2014. This result was statistically significant only for women, with maintaining/acquiring the infrequent consumption of fried foods (<2 times/week) 8.2% higher among elderly women with DM and/or SAH, p=0.043. Conclusion: The prevalence of healthy food consumption indicators was low and there was almost no difference between older adults with and without DM and/or SAH. AU


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar se a prevalência de indicadores de consumo alimentar saudável entre idosos com diagnóstico autorreferido de diabetes mellitus e/ou hipertensão arterial sistêmica (DM e/ou HAS) melhorou após diagnóstico dessas doenças, e comparar se a prevalência de tais indicadores foi mais frequente entre idosos com DM e/ou HAS do que em idosos sem essas doenças. Método: estudo longitudinal, com 1.197 idosos de 60-104 anos, residentes em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil, considerando como desfecho o diagnóstico autorreferido de DM e/ou HAS. Foram considerados como indicadores de consumo alimentar saudável (exposições) a manutenção e/ou aquisição de um consumo alimentar: de frutas e vegetais ≥3 e ≥2 vezes/dia, respectivamente, de gordura das carnes <2 vezes/semana, e de frituras <2 vezes/semana. Os dados foram analisados em frequências absolutas e relativas e, para a obtenção das prevalências brutas e ajustadas dos indicadores de consumo alimentar, foi empregada a Regressão de Poisson. Valores de p≤0,05 foram considerados como estatisticamente significantes. Resultados: Ao se comparar as prevalências dos indicadores de consumo alimentar saudável entre idosos com DM e/ou HAS com aqueles sem tais doenças, foi possível observar que apenas o consumo de frituras se modificou positivamente entre as ondas de 2009-2010 e 2013-2014, contudo, esse resultado só foi estatisticamente significante para as mulheres (a manutenção/aquisição de consumo infrequente de frituras (<2 vezes/semana), foi 8,2% maior entre idosas com DM e/ou HAS; p=0,043). Conclusão: as prevalências de indicadores de consumo alimentar saudável foram baixas e praticamente não diferiram entre idosos com e sem DM e/ou HAS. AU


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diabetes Mellitus , Consumo de Alimentos , Saúde do Idoso , Hipertensão , Estudos Longitudinais
13.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(12): e00136616, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-889642

RESUMO

Resumo: O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a associação entre o consumo alimentar inadequado de micronutrientes e indicadores de obesidade geral e abdominal. Análise transversal, da segunda onda do estudo longitudinal EpiFloripa Adultos, incluindo 1.222 indivíduos de 22-63 anos, residentes em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Os dados de consumo alimentar foram obtidos mediante aplicação de dois recordatórios de 24 horas, sendo o consumo habitual e as prevalências de inadequação no consumo de cálcio, ferro, zinco, e das vitaminas A, C, D e E estimadas conforme as recomendações do Instituto de Medicina e do Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa dos Estados Unidos. O estado nutricional de obesidade geral foi determinado considerando-se valores do índice de massa corporal (IMC), e a obesidade abdominal, considerando-se valores da circunferência da cintura (CC). Para a maioria dos micronutrientes investigados (cálcio, vitaminas A, C, D e E), as médias de consumo mostraram-se aquém dos valores recomendados, com prevalências elevadas de inadequação para toda a amostra. Somente a inadequação no consumo de vitamina C foi maior entre indivíduos obesos (geral ou abdominal). Além disso, associação inversa foi observada entre o menor consumo de cálcio e ferro com valores maiores do IMC e da CC, e entre o menor consumo das vitaminas A e D com valores maiores da CC (β = -0,92cm; IC95%: -1,76; -0,08 e β = -0,69cm; IC95%: -1,32; -0,06, respectivamente), principalmente entre adultos jovens. Foi possível identificar a existência de associação inversa entre o consumo alimentar inadequado de micronutrientes e o estado nutricional de obesidade geral e abdominal também em uma amostra de adultos residentes no Sul do Brasil.


Abstract: The study's objective was to investigate the association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and indicators of general and abdominal obesity. Cross-sectional analysis of the second wave of the EpiFloripa Adults longitudinal study, including 1,222 individuals, aged 22-63 years and residing in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil. Food consumption data was obtained from two 24-hour food recalls, and habitual consumption and prevalence rates of inadequate consumption of calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, C, D, and E were estimated according to the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council guidelines. General obesity was defined based on the body mass index (BMI) values and abdominal obesity was based on waist circumference (WC) values. For most of the micronutrients investigated (calcium and vitamins A, C, D, and E), consumption levels were below the recommendations, with high prevalence of inadequate consumption in the sample as a whole. Only inadequate vitamin C intake was higher among obese individuals (general or abdominal). In addition, there was an inverse association between lower consumption of calcium and iron and higher BMI and WC, and between lower consumption of vitamins A and D and higher WC levels (β = -0.92cm; 95%CI: -1.76; -0.08 and β = -0.69 cm; 95%CI: -1.32; -0.06, respectively), especially in young adults. The study showed an inverse association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and general and abdominal obesity in a sample of adults in Southern Brazil.


Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la asociación entre el consumo alimentario inadecuado de micronutrientes e indicadores de obesidad general y abdominal. Métodos: análisis transversal, de la segunda fase del estudio longitudinal EpiFloripa Adultos, incluyendo 1.222 individuos de 22-63 años, residentes en Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Sur de Brasil. Los datos de consumo alimentario fueron obtenidos mediante aplicación de dos recordatorios de 24 horas, siendo estimados, conforme las recomendaciones del Instituto de Medicina y del Consejo Nacional de Investigación, de los EEUU. El estado nutricional de obesidad general fue determinado considerándose valores del índice de masa corporal (IMC), y la obesidad abdominal, considerándose valores de la circunferencia de la cintura (CC). Para la mayoría de los micronutrientes investigados (calcio, vitaminas A, C, D y E), las medias de consumo fueron menores que las recomendaciones, con prevalencias elevadas de inadecuación para toda la muestra. Solamente la inadecuación en el consumo de vitamina C fue mayor entre individuos obesos (general o abdominal). Además, asociación inversa fue observada entre el menor consumo de calcio e hierro con valores mayores de IMC y de la CC, y entre el menor consumo de vitaminas A y D con valores mayores de la CC (β = -0,92cm; IC95%: -1,76; -0,08 y β = -0,69cm; IC95%: -1,32; -0,06), principalmente entre adultos jóvenes. Fue posible identificar la existencia de asociación inversa entre el consumo alimentario inadecuado de micronutrientes y el estado nutricional de obesidad general y abdominal en una muestra de adultos residentes en el Sur de Brasil.

14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(12): e00136616, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-889662

RESUMO

Resumo: O objetivo do estudo foi investigar a associação entre o consumo alimentar inadequado de micronutrientes e indicadores de obesidade geral e abdominal. Análise transversal, da segunda onda do estudo longitudinal EpiFloripa Adultos, incluindo 1.222 indivíduos de 22-63 anos, residentes em Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Sul do Brasil. Os dados de consumo alimentar foram obtidos mediante aplicação de dois recordatórios de 24 horas, sendo o consumo habitual e as prevalências de inadequação no consumo de cálcio, ferro, zinco, e das vitaminas A, C, D e E estimadas conforme as recomendações do Instituto de Medicina e do Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa dos Estados Unidos. O estado nutricional de obesidade geral foi determinado considerando-se valores do índice de massa corporal (IMC), e a obesidade abdominal, considerando-se valores da circunferência da cintura (CC). Para a maioria dos micronutrientes investigados (cálcio, vitaminas A, C, D e E), as médias de consumo mostraram-se aquém dos valores recomendados, com prevalências elevadas de inadequação para toda a amostra. Somente a inadequação no consumo de vitamina C foi maior entre indivíduos obesos (geral ou abdominal). Além disso, associação inversa foi observada entre o menor consumo de cálcio e ferro com valores maiores do IMC e da CC, e entre o menor consumo das vitaminas A e D com valores maiores da CC (β = -0,92cm; IC95%: -1,76; -0,08 e β = -0,69cm; IC95%: -1,32; -0,06, respectivamente), principalmente entre adultos jovens. Foi possível identificar a existência de associação inversa entre o consumo alimentar inadequado de micronutrientes e o estado nutricional de obesidade geral e abdominal também em uma amostra de adultos residentes no Sul do Brasil.


Abstract: The study's objective was to investigate the association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and indicators of general and abdominal obesity. Cross-sectional analysis of the second wave of the EpiFloripa Adults longitudinal study, including 1,222 individuals, aged 22-63 years and residing in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil. Food consumption data was obtained from two 24-hour food recalls, and habitual consumption and prevalence rates of inadequate consumption of calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, C, D, and E were estimated according to the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council guidelines. General obesity was defined based on the body mass index (BMI) values and abdominal obesity was based on waist circumference (WC) values. For most of the micronutrients investigated (calcium and vitamins A, C, D, and E), consumption levels were below the recommendations, with high prevalence of inadequate consumption in the sample as a whole. Only inadequate vitamin C intake was higher among obese individuals (general or abdominal). In addition, there was an inverse association between lower consumption of calcium and iron and higher BMI and WC, and between lower consumption of vitamins A and D and higher WC levels (β = -0.92cm; 95%CI: -1.76; -0.08 and β = -0.69 cm; 95%CI: -1.32; -0.06, respectively), especially in young adults. The study showed an inverse association between inadequate dietary consumption of micronutrients and general and abdominal obesity in a sample of adults in Southern Brazil.


Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar la asociación entre el consumo alimentario inadecuado de micronutrientes e indicadores de obesidad general y abdominal. Métodos: análisis transversal, de la segunda fase del estudio longitudinal EpiFloripa Adultos, incluyendo 1.222 individuos de 22-63 años, residentes en Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Sur de Brasil. Los datos de consumo alimentario fueron obtenidos mediante aplicación de dos recordatorios de 24 horas, siendo estimados, conforme las recomendaciones del Instituto de Medicina y del Consejo Nacional de Investigación, de los EEUU. El estado nutricional de obesidad general fue determinado considerándose valores del índice de masa corporal (IMC), y la obesidad abdominal, considerándose valores de la circunferencia de la cintura (CC). Para la mayoría de los micronutrientes investigados (calcio, vitaminas A, C, D y E), las medias de consumo fueron menores que las recomendaciones, con prevalencias elevadas de inadecuación para toda la muestra. Solamente la inadecuación en el consumo de vitamina C fue mayor entre individuos obesos (general o abdominal). Además, asociación inversa fue observada entre el menor consumo de calcio e hierro con valores mayores de IMC y de la CC, y entre el menor consumo de vitaminas A y D con valores mayores de la CC (β = -0,92cm; IC95%: -1,76; -0,08 y β = -0,69cm; IC95%: -1,32; -0,06), principalmente entre adultos jóvenes. Fue posible identificar la existencia de asociación inversa entre el consumo alimentario inadecuado de micronutrientes y el estado nutricional de obesidad general y abdominal en una muestra de adultos residentes en el Sur de Brasil.

15.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 26(2): e06310015, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-962914

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify inadequacies in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia among children enrolled in the National Program of Iron Supplementation (PNSF) and treated at public primary health centers in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Method: a cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data obtained from the InfoSaúde system. Information was obtained on the ferrous sulfate dose prescribed for treating iron deficiency anemia, as well as demographic and anthropometric data of all children enrolled in the program in 2010. STATA 11.0 software was used in the analysis and p-values ≤ 0.05 were considered significant. Results: sixty-eight (68) of the 834 children enrolled in the program in 2010 were diagnosed as anemic; 58 of whom received an indication to use ferrous sulfate. Conclusion: children under six months of age (65.1%), living in economically deprived areas (66.7%) and with a height/age Z-score ≥ -1.0 (52.1%) were more prone to receive inadequate supplement dosage (<3 mg/kg/day). The results are relevant to educate health professionals about their role in effectively treating iron deficiency anemia.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar deficiencias en el tratamiento de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro en los niños inscritos en el Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Ferro y tratados en los centros de salud pública de Florianópolis Santa Catarina, Brasil. Método: estudio transversal con los datos secundarios del sistema InfoSaúde. Se obtuvo información sobre la dosis prescrita de sulfato de hierro para tratar la anemia por deficiencia de hierro, datos demográficos y antropométricos de los niños inscritos en Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Ferro en 2010. El software STATA 11.0 fue usado en el análisis y los valores de p≤0,05 se consideraron significativos. Resultados: de los 834 niños inscritos en el programa, 68 fueron diagnosticados como anemia, de los cuales 58 recibieron indicación para el uso de sulfato ferroso. Conclusión: los niños menores de seis meses (65,1%), que viven en zonas económicamente desfavorecidas (66,7%) y no hay riesgo de déficit de talla/edad (puntuaciónZ≥-1,0 =52,1%) fueron aquellos que recibieron dosificación más inadecuada del suplemento (<3mg/kg/día). Los resultados son relevantes para educar a profesionales de la salud acerca de su papel para el tratamiento eficaz de la anemia por deficiencia de hierro.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar inadequações no tratamento da anemia ferropriva entre crianças cadastradas no Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Ferro e atendidas em centros de saúde da rede pública de Florianópolis Santa Catarina. Método: estudo transversal com dados secundários do sistema InfoSaúde. Foram obtidas informações sobre a dose de sulfato ferroso prescrita para tratamento da anemia ferropriva, dados sociodemográficos e antropométricos de todas as crianças cadastradas no Programa Nacional de Suplementação de Ferro em 2010. O software STATA 11.0 foi utilizado nas análises e valoresp≤0,05 foram considerados significantes. Resultados: das 834 crianças cadastradas no referido programa, em 2010, 68 foram diagnosticadas como anêmicas, das quais 58 receberam indicação para uso de sulfato ferroso. Conclusão: crianças menores de seis meses (65,1%), residentes em áreas economicamente carentes (66,7%) e sem risco de déficit estatura/idade (escoreZ≥ -1,0 =52,1%) tiveram maior inadequação na dosagem do suplemento recebida (<3mg/kg/dia). Os resultados são relevantes para conscientizar profissionais de saúde sobre seu papel para um efetivo tratamento da anemia ferropriva.

16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(8): e00164015, 2016 Aug 29.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27580235

RESUMO

This study aimed to estimate dietary intake of micronutrients among adults in a city in Southern Brazil according to sex and age, and to measure the prevalence of inadequate dietary micronutrient intake according to sex. This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with 1,222 adults 22 to 63 years of age living in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Data on dietary intake were obtained from two 24-hour recalls (one in the total sample and the other in a subsample of 40% of the research subjects). Micronutrient intake and prevalence rates for inadequate intake were estimated according to the guidelines of the National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. High prevalence rates of inadequate intake in the entire sample were seen for vitamins A, C, D, and E (range, 52%-100%). Calcium and iron intake were more inadequate in women (87.3% and 13.7%, respectively), as was zinc in men (25.1%). Adults in Florianópolis, showed high prevalence rates of inadequate intake of essential micronutrients.


Assuntos
Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necessidades Nutricionais , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 15: 479, 2015 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25957998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, diabetes mellitus (DM) and systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) are among the top five global risks for mortality. Among the modifiable factors, careful dietary practice is one of the essential elements for the control of NCDs, since these diseases are often the result of unhealthy lifestyles. Thus, this study aimed to assess the frequency of dietary practices among adult males and females with DM and/or SAH, and compare whether or not they are more frequent than in healthy adults, through a population-based study conducted in the city of Florianópolis, southern Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study, using as exposure self-reported DM and/or SAH status. Dietary practices were assessed using a semiquantitative food consumption questionnaire. The following were considered as adequate: regular intake (≥ 6 times/week) of fruit and vegetables, daily intake of fruit (≥ 3 times/day) and vegetables (≥ 2 times/day), intake lower than 2 times/week of meat fat, fried foods, and soda. Bivariate and adjusted analysis for sociodemographic variables were conducted using Poisson regression, stratified by gender. LOCATION: Florianópolis, southern Brazil, 2009. SUBJECTS: Representative sample of 20 to 59 year-old adults (n=1720). RESULTS: A total of 16.6% participants were diagnosed with DM and/or SAH. The most frequently consumed unhealthy foods were fried food (51.0%, 95% CI: 48.8-53.5) and soda (57.9% 95%CI: 55.5-60.2). Of healthy foods, fruit was the less consumed on a daily basis (11.1% 95%CI 9.6-12.5). In general, women showed better dietary practices than men. In adjusted analysis none of dietary practices was more frequent among diabetic and/or hypertensive adults compared with healthy individuals, regardless of gender. No differences were found between healthy and unhealthy adults, when the number of dietary practices was assessed. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of dietary practices was low and did not differ between individuals with or without DM and/or SAH. It is fundamental to reinforce the need of healthy dietary practices as one of the essential elements for the control of chronic diseases and their complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dieta/métodos , Comportamento Alimentar , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frutas , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Carne , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Verduras , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 31(3): 315-23, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24142313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the National Program of Iron Supplementation (PNSF) coverage, the compliance with the directions for of using of this supplementation and the association with sociodemographic factors in children aged six to 18 months old and registered in 35 public health centers of Florinópolis (Southern Brazil). METHODS Cross-sectional study using secondary data obtained from the health information system of the Health Department of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil (Infosaúde). Data on ferrous sulfate supplementation and sociodemographic variables were obtained of all children registered in PNSF in Florianópolis in 2010. STATA 11.0 software was used in the analyses. RESULTS The PNSF covered 6.3% (95%CI 5.9-6.7) of the children; the compliance with the directions regarding age at the onset of supplementation and its frequency was adequate only in 2.4% of the cases (95%CI 1.5-3.7). There was no association with the child's gender, maternal education level and ethnicity or the distance from home to the health center. CONCLUSIONS This study showed low coverage and inadequate compliance with the PNSF directions. Measures to improve this strategy are urgent.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/prevenção & controle , Suplementos Nutricionais , Compostos Ferrosos/uso terapêutico , Hematínicos/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Cad Saude Publica ; 29(9): 1731-51, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24068220

RESUMO

This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the effectiveness of ferrous sulfate supplementation in the prevention of anemia in children under five. The database search included PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO. Articles published between 1980 and 2011 in Spanish, English, or Portuguese were included, using the keywords child, preschool, infant, anemia, prevention, and iron supplementation. The authors selected 13 studies, which showed that regardless of dose and duration of supplementation, daily regimen was more consistently related to improvement in hemoglobin levels (pooled effect 0.56mg/dL, 95%CI: 0.31; 0.81, p < 0.001) as compared to weekly intervention (pooled effect 0.28mg/dL, 95%CI: -0.22; 0.78, p = 0.273). Iron supplementation was not associated with decreased prevalence of anemia, even with daily doses, and administration with other micronutrients did not bring additional benefits compared to the exclusive administration of iron supplement. Daily supplementation of ferrous sulfate was more effective than weekly doses in improving hemoglobin levels.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Compostos Ferrosos/administração & dosagem , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Anemia Ferropriva/prevenção & controle , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Adesão à Medicação , Prevalência
20.
Cad. saúde pública ; 29(9): 1731-1751, Set. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-686761

RESUMO

Revisão sistemática e metanálise de estudos que avaliaram a efetividade da suplementação de sulfato ferroso na prevenção da anemia em crianças menores de cinco anos de idade. Foram pesquisadas as bases PubMed, Scopus, SciELO e LILACS e incluídos artigos publicados entre 1980-2011 em espanhol, inglês ou português, utilizando os unitermos: criança, pré-escolar, lactente, anemia, prevenção, suplementação e ferro. Foram selecionados 13 estudos, que mostraram que independentemente da dose e do tempo de suplementação, o esquema diário foi mais consistente na melhoria dos níveis de hemoglobina (efeito combinado 0,56mg/dL, IC95%: 0,31; 0,81, p < 0,001) do que o semanal (efeito combinado 0,28mg/dL, IC95%: -0,22; 0,78, p = 0,273). Não houve efeito da suplementação na redução da prevalência de anemia, mesmo com doses diárias, e a administração conjunta com outros micronutrientes não trouxe benefícios adicionais em comparação com a administração exclusiva do suplemento. A suplementação diária de sulfato ferroso mostrou-se mais efetiva do que doses semanais na melhoria dos níveis de hemoglobina.


This was a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the effectiveness of ferrous sulfate supplementation in the prevention of anemia in children under five. The database search included PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, and SciELO. Articles published between 1980 and 2011 in Spanish, English, or Portuguese were included, using the keywords child, preschool, infant, anemia, prevention, and iron supplementation. The authors selected 13 studies, which showed that regardless of dose and duration of supplementation, daily regimen was more consistently related to improvement in hemoglobin levels (pooled effect 0.56mg/dL, 95%CI: 0.31; 0.81, p < 0.001) as compared to weekly intervention (pooled effect 0.28mg/dL, 95%CI: -0.22; 0.78, p = 0.273). Iron supplementation was not associated with decreased prevalence of anemia, even with daily doses, and administration with other micronutrients did not bring additional benefits compared to the exclusive administration of iron supplement. Daily supplementation of ferrous sulfate was more effective than weekly doses in improving hemoglobin levels.


Revisión sistemática y metaanálisis de estudios que evaluaran la efectividad del suplemento de sulfato ferroso para la prevención de anemia en niños menores de cinco años de edad. Fueron investigadas las bases PubMed, Scopus, SciELO y LILACS e incluidos artículos publicados entre 1980-2011 en español, inglés o portugués, utilizando los unitérminos: niño/niña, preescolar, lactante, anemia, prevención, suplemento e hierro. Fueron seleccionados 13 estudios que mostraron que, independientemente de la dosis y tiempo de toma de suplementos, el esquema diario fue más consistente en la mejoría de los niveles de hemoglobina que el esquema semanal. La toma de suplementos no se mostró efectiva en la reducción de la prevalencia de anemia, inclusive con dosis diarias, y la administración conjunta con otros micronutrientes no trajo beneficios adicionales en comparación con la administración exclusiva del suplemento. La toma de suplementos diarios de sulfato ferroso fue más efectiva que las dosis semanales en la mejoría de los niveles de hemoglobina.


Assuntos
Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Compostos Ferrosos/administração & dosagem , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Anemia Ferropriva/prevenção & controle , Brasil/epidemiologia , Esquema de Medicação , Adesão à Medicação , Prevalência
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