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1.
Support Care Cancer ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974772

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to identify potential clinical parameters that can be easily obtained by a pre-treatment clinicopathological evaluation and whole blood test to estimate the development of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN). METHODS: This study was conducted retrospectively. For the FOLFOX regimen, patients received oxaliplatin, 85 mg/m2, every 2 weeks for 12 courses, and with the XELOX regimen, oxaliplatin was 130 mg/m2, every 3 weeks for 6-8 courses. The incidence and degree of neuropathy (NCI-CTCAE v.3) were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 186 patients were included in the study. There were 108 (58%) patients in the grade 0-1 (G0-G1) neuropathy group (mean age 50.5 ± 11.5; 63% men), and 78 (42%) patients in the grade 2-3 (G2-G3) neuropathy group (mean age 58.0 ± 10.8; 46.2% men). The relationship between G2-G3 OIPN development and age (p < 0.001), gender (p = 0.02), and ECOG performance status (p = 0.007) was statistically significant. In the G2-G3 neuropathy group, serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) (p < 0.001) and glucose (p = 0.007) levels were higher, whereas vitamin D (p < 0.001), hemoglobin (Hgb) (p < 0.001), serum albumin (p = 0.001), and serum magnesium (p = 0.035) levels were lower compared with the G0-G1 neuropathy group. G2-G3 neuropathy was observed in 88% of patients with mucinous carcinoma pathologic type (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that age, histopathologic type, albumin, GGT, glucose, vitamin D, and Hgb levels were the effective factors in prediction of the development of OIPN. In addition, GGT, vitamin D, and Hgb levels were the most effective factor to predict development of OIPN.

2.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(1): 93-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and cognitive function. Blood pressure (BP) variability has been associated with cognitive dysfunction, but data are sparse regarding the relationship between BP variability and cognitive function in geriatric patients with well-controlled BP. AIM: The aim of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled BP. METHOD: We analyzed 435 hypertensive patients (167 male, 74.9 ± 8.3; 268 female, 76.1 ± 8.6) treated at least with one antihypertensive drug. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and the standardized mini mental test (sMMT). RESULTS: We divided the weighted standard deviation (SD) of systolic BP (SBP) as a measure of BP variability into quartiles. The top quartile group (≥ 18.5 mmHg) had a significantly lower total sMMT score (23.3 ± 3.2, p < 0.001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis for sMMT, the SD of 24-h SBP was related to sMMT (p = 0.007, 95% confidence interval - 0.301 [- 0.370 to - 0.049]). DISCUSSION: Although there are some inconsistencies among the studies investigating the relationship between blood pressure variability and cognitive functions in elderly patients, we demonstrated the relationship between increased 24-h blood pressure variability and cognitive functions assessed with sMMT in geriatric population with well-controlled BP. CONCLUSION: The increased blood pressure variability was associated with poorer cognitive functions in geriatric hypertensive patients with well-controlled blood pressure.

3.
Angiology ; 71(1): 56-61, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416325

RESUMO

The SYNTAX score (SS) and SS II, which include additional clinical parameters, are widely used today for deciding revascularization following coronary angiography. We investigated the association between the presence and severity of carotid artery disease (CrAD) using the SS and SS II in 287 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. We based this investigation on the known association between coronary artery disease and CrAD. A significant association was observed between the groups with and without CrAD in terms of SS II values (28.4 ± 9.6 vs 21.4 ± 7.7, respectively; P < .001). A significant difference was also observed when stenosis was classified according to severity as <50%, 50% to 70%, and >70% (P < .001). The results indicated a positive correlation between the presence and severity of CrAD as SS II increased (r = 0.187, P = .005). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SS II was an independent predictor of CrAD.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Idoso , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is among the serious complications of invasive cardiovascular procedures that are performed with the administration of contrast agents. We investigated the role of the inflammatory markers in predicting CIN in acute coronary syndrome patients. METHODS: This study included 232 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent emergency angiography at our center. RESULTS: There were 38 (19.1%) patients in the CIN group (mean age: 62.4 ± 10.2; 68.4% male), and 162 patients in the non-CIN group (mean age: 62.1 ± 11.5; 60.5% male). In the CIN positive group, serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) (P < 0.001), uric acid (P < 0.001), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (P < 0.001), the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (P = 0.02) were higher, whereas vitamin D (P < 0.001), hemoglobin (P < 0.001) and baseline glomerular filtration rate (P = 0.011) were lower compared with the CIN negative group. The receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the cutoff point of GGT was 56 U/L for predicting CIN with a 84.2% sensitivity and a 72.2% specificity (area under the curve = 0.879, P < 0.001). The predictive value of GGT was the highest compared other inflammatory markers for CIN (area under the curve = 0.879). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the levels of GGT, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, vitamin D, uric acid and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were the effective factors in development of CIN. The level of GGT was found as the most effective factor in prediction of the development of CIN.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17297, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574853

RESUMO

As a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, presence of hypertension (HT) necessitates the awareness of asymptomatic organ damage (AOD). The aim of this study was to measure plasma micro RNA-21 (miR-21) and the parameters that reflect AOD such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), microalbuminuria (MAU) in hypertensive patients compared with healthy controls. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate plasma miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. The study includes 2 groups: 32 patients with HT and 32 healthy controls. First, we compared these 2 groups. Then, to underline the relationship between plasma miR-21 and HT, hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups: with AOD and without AOD.Sixteen patients with HT had AOD. MiR-21 levels significantly correlated with clinical systolic and diastolic blood pressure, MAU, C-reactive protein, and CIMT. CIMT, miR-21, and MAU levels were significantly higher in patients with AOD.Our study showed increased miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia
6.
Angiology ; 70(9): 860-866, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170823

RESUMO

New-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) has been associated with poor outcome in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of NOAF and severity of coronary artery disease using the SYNTAX score (SS) and SYNTAX score II (SSII) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) who were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 662 patients with NSTE-ACS were consecutively enrolled. The incidence of NOAF was 11.4% among the patients with NSTE-ACS. Mean age was significantly higher in NOAF group (P = .011). White blood cell count, peak troponin I, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, uric acid, left atrial volume index, and ratio between early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity were significantly higher in NOAF group (respectively, P = .024, P = .017, P = .002, P = .009, P = .025, P < .001, and P < .001). The hemoglobin, ejection fraction, and post PCI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction grade <3 were significantly lower in NOAF group (P = 001, P = .010, P = .038). The SS and SSII were significantly higher in NOAF group (all P < .001). According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, the SSII was correlated with NOAF (P < .001) in the study groups. We demonstrated that high SSII is significantly associated with NOAF.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos
7.
Int J Impot Res ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243351

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP) values as indicators of subclinical atherosclerosis among 124 patients with erectile dysfunction, which was thought to be vasculogenic and 126 control subjects who had no erectile dysfunction, and to compare cardiac performance values between both the groups using exercise stress tests (EST). Erectile function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire form. AIP values were studied and compared between patients with ED (IIEF < 22) and those without ED (IIEF > 22) using the log10 TG/HDL-C formula. In addition, the correlation between the severity of ED and AIP was investigated according to IIEF-5 scoring. Metabolic equivalent (MET) values, maximal heart rates (max HR), and heart rate recovery (HRR) were evaluated with effort tests. AIP values were significantly higher in the ED group than in the control group (0.45 ± 0.27, and 0.37 ± 0.27; p = 0.015). According to IIEF-5 scoring, AIP values increased as ED scores decreased. In the EST, MET score and max HR values were significantly lower in the ED group (METs: 11.1 ± 2.2, and 11.6 ± 2.2; p = 0.045; Max HR: 162.8 ± 6.1, and 165 ± 8.7; p = 0.019). Although not statistically significant, HRR values were lower in the ED group. Higher AIP values were found in the ED group, and a positive correlation was established between AIP and the severity of ED. In addition, lower performance during the EST and lower HRR values, again in the ED group, confirms cardiac interaction with ED. These results indicate the importance of referral of patients with ED from urology clinics to cardiology units for risk determination and cardiac assessment, even if they areasymptomatic.

8.
Gene ; 673: 201-205, 2018 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29928945

RESUMO

TMPRSS6 gene mutations can result in iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and cause an increased iron-regulatory hormone, hepcidin, levels. TMPRSS6 encodes a serine protease, matriptase-2, which functions as negative regulatory protein of hepcidin transcription. Thus, TMPRSS6 variations might be risk factors for IDA. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of rs855791, rs4820268, rs5756506, rs2235324, rs2413450, rs2111833, rs228919, and rs733655 SNPs in TMPRSS6 gene with IDA susceptibility and iron-related clinical parameters. The study consisted of 150 IDA patients and 100 healthy controls. We analyzed the genotype distributions by using Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (Real-Time PCR) technique. We did not find any statistically differences for all SNPs between patients and controls (P > 0.05). In IDA patients, variations rs855791 and rs2413450 were associated with increased RBC (P = 0.03) and TIBC (P = 0.04), respectively. Also, increased of TIBC for rs4820268 (P < 0.05). On the other hand, in control group, rs5756506 was associated with two parameters, Hb (P = 0.02) and Hct (P = 0.03). We did not find markedly hepcidin levels in IDA patients compared to controls (P = 0.32). Our findings suggest that TMPRSS6 variations may not be risk factors for IDA. However, TMPRSS6 polymorphisms are associated with increased many iron-related hematological parameters.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Genótipo , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/química , Hepcidinas/química , Humanos , Ferro/sangue , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Turquia
9.
Arch Med Sci ; 14(2): 288-296, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29593801

RESUMO

Introduction: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is the third most common gastrointestinal disease at hospital admission. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease are not completely clear. Our study was intended to determine the systemic levels of pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), myeloperoxidase (MPO), procalcitonin (PCT), and C-reactive protein (CRP) as prognostic parameters in early stages of AP. We also determined the effects of treatment on PTX-3, MPO, PCT and CRP levels in AP. Material and methods: The study group comprised 44 AP patients (22 male, 22 female; age: 49.3 ±16.9 years) referred to our outpatient clinic. Additionally, our investigation included a control group of 30 healthy volunteers (18 male, 12 female; age: 50.8 ±12.6 years). Results: Leukocytes, glucose, aspartate aminotransferase (AST (SGOT)), alanine aminotransferase (ALT (SGPT)), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total and direct bilirubin levels were significantly higher in the AP group (p < 0.05, all). CRP, PTX-3, MPO and PCT were considerably higher in the AP group (p < 0.001, all), and after treatment, CRP, PTX-3, MPO and PCT levels were significantly lower (p < 0.001, all). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the CRP, PTX-3, MPO and PCT levels increase in patients with AP and hence these indicators can be used as diagnostic factors to predict inflammation severity in AP. It was revealed that after treatment, there were significant reductions in biomarker levels. However, further research is needed in order to understand how these biomarkers can help to monitor inflammatory responses in AP.

10.
Clin Transplant ; 32(4): e13224, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29457269

RESUMO

In renal transplantation, living donations have more significant benefits compared to cadaveric donations. However, a probable increase in blood pressure following donation should also be kept in mind. In this study, we investigated the long-term changes in blood pressure in living kidney donors using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and we explored the e-GFR and albuminuria/proteinuria measurements at 3 time points. Twenty-eight living kidney donors and 39 healthy individuals were evaluated and compared at the baseline and later at the 10th year. At the 10th year, creatinine levels were higher and eGFR levels were lower in the donors, whereas the systolic and diastolic measurements of the donors and controls and the prevalence of nondipping in the donors and controls were similar. Our study may be underpowered due to its small population size. However, our results at the 10th year follow-up indicated that the risk of hypertension might not seem to have increased in the well-selected donors. In addition, the majority of our donors had preserved their GFR values. Therefore, we can suggest that living kidney donation appears to be safe in well-selected patients over a 10-year time frame.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Doadores Vivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Albuminúria , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteinúria , Fatores de Tempo , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 90: 786-795, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28427041

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a serious multifactorial disorder with progressive neurodegenerative outcomes related with impaired redox homeostasis. Inhibition of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE), as one of the major therapeutic strategies, is considered to be offering only symptomatic relief and moderate disease modifying effect. We intended to investigate the effects of acetylcholinesterase inhibition via donepezil on protein carbonyl (PCO), advanced protein oxidation products (AOPP) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as protein oxidation markers and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), total thiol (T-SH), protein thiol (P-SH) as antioxidant status markers and also kynurenine (KYN), N-formyl kynurenine (N-FKYN) and protein bound dityrosine (DT) levels all in one demonstrating the redox homeostasis in Alzheimer patients also correlated with AChE activity. The AChE activity and PCO, KYN, N-FKYN and DT levels were found to be significantly higher in the AD group than the control group. The FRAP, T-SH and P-SH levels were significantly lower in the AD group than in the control group. The AChE activity was significantly higher both in donepezil treated and untreated groups when compared with the control group. PCO levels were significantly higher in Alzheimer's untreated group than the healthy control and donepezil treated groups. AChE activity was positively correlated with PCO, IMA, PAB, KYN and N-FKYN levels and negatively correlated with FRAP, T-SH and P-SH levels in all participants. Our data showed that treatment with donepezil had ameliorating effects on redox homeostasis in Alzheimer patients. AChE inhibition seems to be exhibiting a potent antioxidant role and may inhibit protein oxidation by decreasing AChE activity in AD, thus medicinal natural substances exhibiting the similar mechanism of action with their antioxidant behaviours can be recommended for the emphasis on new drug new drug development. Further clinical and experimental studies are needed to support our current findings and conclusions.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , Indanos/farmacologia , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Donepezila , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo
12.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(3): 184-190, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25868038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Urocortin 1 (UCN1) has vasodilator, diuretic, and natriuretic effects, and its expression increases in heart failure (HF). Adrenomedullin (ADM) increases cardiac output and lowers blood pressure in healthy men and in patients with heart failure. The aim of the study was to determine UCN1 and ADM levels in patients with HF, to evaluate the relationship of UCN1 and ADM with various clinical parameters, and to assess UCN1 and ADM as diagnostic markers in HF, in comparison with pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP). METHODS: We investigated serum levels of UCN1, ADM, and pro BNP in 86 consecutive patients with systolic HF [ejection fraction (EF) ≤45%] and 85 healthy controls. Serum UCN1, ADM, and pro-BNP levels were measured with the ELISA method. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to determine left ventricular EF and pulmonary artery systolic pressure. RESULTS: UCN1 and ADM levels were higher in HF patients (446.2±145.7 pg/mL, p<0.001; 87.9±4.2 pg/mL, p<0.001 respectively). UCN1 was positively correlated with pro-BNP (r=0.963, p<0.001), ADM (r=0.915, p<0.001), and NYHA (r=0.879, p<0.001); ADM was positively correlated with pro-BNP (r=0.956, p<0.001) and NYHA (r=0.944, p<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curves yielded an area under the curve of 1.00 (p<0.001) for UCN1, 1.00 (p<0.001) for ADM, and 0.99 (p<0.001) for pro-BNP in the diagnosis of HF. CONCLUSION: UCN1 and ADM increase with worsening HF and left ventricular dysfunction. They may be used as diagnostic biomarkers in systolic HF, but the incremental value of measuring UCN1 and ADM in patients tested for pro-BNP is questionable.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/sangue , Adrenomedulina/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Urocortinas/sangue
13.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 17(3): 210-216, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27684518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study compared the unfavorable effects of protein oxidation and deoxyribonucleic acid damage on patients with white coat hypertension (WCH), sustained hypertension (HT), and normotensives. METHODS: Participants were allocated into 3 groups: 40 healthy controls, 36 patients with WCH, and 40 patients with sustained HT. Patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis, endocrine diseases, alcoholism, or masked hypertension were excluded. Plasma level of protein carbonyl (PCO), ischemia modified albumin (IMA), total thiol (T-SH), prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB), advanced protein oxidation products (AOPPs), and urinary level of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured and relationship between these oxidative stress parameters and WCH and sustained HT was analyzed. RESULTS: Ambulatory 24-hour, daytime and night-time systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings of sustained HT group were significantly higher than those of WCH and control groups (p<0.001, all). AOPPs, PCO, IMA, 8-OHdG, and PAB levels were significantly higher in HT group than WCH and control groups (p<0.001, all). Additionally, T-SH level was significantly lower in HT group than WCH and control groups (p<0.001). A similar statistically significant relationship was detected between WCH and control groups. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that increased level of AOPPs, PCO, IMA, 8-OHdG, PAB, and decreased level of T-SH are likely to be indicators of oxidative stress, which may play a key role both in WCH and sustained HT.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Hipertensão do Jaleco Branco/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos Transversais , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/urina , Eletrocardiografia Ambulatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Albumina Sérica Humana
14.
Korean Circ J ; 46(4): 522-9, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27482261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate the correlation between electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters and presence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) to indicate the usefulness of these parameters as predictors of severity in patients with stable CAD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred fifty patients, without a history of any cardiovascular event were included in the study. The ECG parameters were measured manually by a cardiologist before coronary angiography. The patients were allocated into five groups: those with normal coronary arteries (Group 1), non-critical coronary lesions (Group 2), one, two and three vessel disease (Group 3, Group 4 and Group 5, respectively. RESULTS: Group 1 had the lowest P wave dispersion (PWD) and P wave (Pmax), QT interval (QTmax), QT dispersion (QTd), corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and QT dispersion ratio (QTdR), while the patients in group 5 had the highest values of these parameters. Gensini score and QTmax, QTd, QTcmax, QTcd, QTdR, Pmax, and PWD were positively correlated. QTdR was the best ECG parameter to differentiate group 1 and 2 from groups with significant stenosis (groups 3, 4, and 5) (area under curve [AUC] 0.846). QTdR was the best ECG parameter to detect coronary arterial narrowing lesser than 50% and greater than 50%, respectively (AUC 0.858). CONCLUSION: Presence and severity of CAD can be determined by using ECG in patients with stable CAD and normal left ventricular function.

16.
Int J Hematol ; 104(2): 216-22, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27129318

RESUMO

Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is the most frequent cause of acquired thrombocytopenia. In adult ITP patients, corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) are used as first-line treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate retrospectively the demographic and etiologic characteristics of patients with ITP admitted to the emergency room at our hospital. Seventy-five adult patients with ITP were included, and demographic data, bleeding characteristics, etiologic features and responses to treatments were evaluated retrospectively. Fifty-six patients (75 %) were female, and the median age was 43 years. Eighteen patients had a history of ITP, whereas in 57, thrombocytopenia was identified for the first time. During admission, the median platelet count was 5 × 10(9)/L. Cutaneous and/or mucosal bleeding was the most common clinical feature. High-dose dexamethasone was administered in 60 episodes, whereas IVIg and conventional-dose methylprednisolone were used in nine and six episodes, respectively. The overall response rate of the entire cohort following first-line treatments was 67 %, and complete remission was achieved in 31 patients, 19 patients achieved partial remission, and 25 patients were non-responders. In cases with life-threatening bleeding, concomitant infection, post-traumatic bleeding and need for emergency surgery, IVIg can be used as the first line of treatment option in addition to platelet transfusions.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/terapia , Adulto , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/complicações , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 14(3): 248-54, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27108684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 is the common disease causing serogroup, rare serogroups can also may cause legionellosis. A 54-year-old male patient (index case) reported that he had been on a religious trip (for visiting, tomb of Ali, which is important for Shias) to Iraq with a large group (50 shia pilgrims from Kars city of Turkey) two weeks prior to admission. Due to civil war, the hotel where the patient stayed in Iraq lacked proper hygiene. A large number of people in the travel group were experiencing the same symptoms. Other five cases were 2 males (ages; 50, 45) and 3 females including the wife of the index case (ages; 50, 28, 27). METHOD: The detection of L. pneumophila IgG and IgM was performed by anti-L. pneumophila Indirect Immunofluorescent IgM, IgG kit. Legionella 1 biochip/verification BIOCHIP slides were used for serogrouping in Euroimmun AG, Leubeck, Germany. RESULTS: In index case, L. pneumophila IgM was positive with a titer of 1/32 titer. IgG was negative with a 1/100 titer. Another case (28 year old female), had clinical symptoms identical to the index case. L. pneumophila IgM and IgG were positive with titers of 1/64 and 1/100, respectively. These two cases were diagnosed with Legionnaires' disease caused by L. pneumophila serogroup 12 (index case) and female (28-year-old) by serogroup 11. The other 4 cases were diagnosed with possible Pontiac fever caused by L. pneumophila serogroups 14 (wife of the index case), 4, and 6 whereas the serogroup of L. pneumophila detected in 27 years old female case could not be identified. CONCLUSION: A major limitation of this work is the absence of genotyping and the serogroup difference between index case and his wife who shared the same hotel. We suggest that this serogroup difference may be caused by (for men and women) sitting separately in Islamic rules. On the other hand, the movement of people in the context of mutual visits between countries or neighboring countries for tourism-related (i.e., for religious events or visits to holy sites) or immigration-related reasons, may cause some epidemic diseases. This study reemphasized that not only L. pneumophila serogroup 1, but other rare serogroups might cause also legionellosis which may increase in frequency and cause regional epidemics. We propose that increased financial resources for improving the hygiene conditions and performing routine legionella surveillance studies in touristic hotels would be useful measures for legionellosis prevention and control.


Assuntos
Legionella pneumophila/classificação , Legionella pneumophila/isolamento & purificação , Legionelose/diagnóstico , Legionelose/microbiologia , Viagem , Adulto , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Feminino , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/instrumentação , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/métodos , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Iraque/epidemiologia , Legionella pneumophila/genética , Legionella pneumophila/imunologia , Legionelose/epidemiologia , Legionelose/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Sorogrupo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Turquia/epidemiologia
18.
Hypertens Res ; 39(5): 342-8, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26763852

RESUMO

The aim of this clinical study was to evaluate the influence of aging on the levels of lipid peroxidation (quantified as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) content), lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH), hexanoyl lysine (HEL), 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and determine their relationships to the demographic and cardiovascular risk factors in elderly hypertensive (HT) patients. This study consisted of four groups: two elderly groups with 30 HT patients (11 males, 19 females) and 30 normotensive healthy volunteers (15 males, 15 females), and two young groups with 30 HT patients (13 males, 17 females) and 30 normotensive healthy volunteers (12 males, 18 females). In the elderly control group, the TBARS, LOOH, HEL and 8-iso-PGF2α levels, and the carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) were significantly higher than in the young control group. The TBARS, LOOH, HEL and 8-iso-PGF2α levels and the CIMT measurements were significantly higher in the elderly HT group than in the young HT group. In addition, the TAC levels were significantly lower in the elderly and young HT groups than in the elderly and young control groups. The CIMT was significantly positively correlated with TBARS (r=0.40, P<0.001), HEL (r= 0.30, P=0.001), LOOH (r= 0.44, P<0.001) and 8-iso-PGF2α (r= 0.32, P<0.001) in all of the HT groups. It seems that in elderly patients, the LOOH and TBARS are better biomarkers of lipid peroxidation in hypertension in terms of sensitivity. In all of the HT groups, 8-iso-PGF2α had the highest sensitivity. Hypertension is associated with lipid peroxidation due to an impaired oxidant/antioxidant status. Increased lipid peroxidation and decreased antioxidants with aging indicate that peroxidative damage further increases with higher blood pressure and the aging process.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Dinoprosta/análogos & derivados , Dinoprosta/sangue , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Peróxidos Lipídicos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
J Clin Pathol ; 69(9): 810-6, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26811428

RESUMO

AIMS: Before the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), the presence of bone marrow fibrosis (MF) in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) has been established as a poor prognostic factor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of imatinib treatment on MF and the prognostic significance of MF at this new era of CML therapy. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 135 patients with CML who were exposed to imatinib. The grades of MF pre and post imatinib together with cytogenetic and molecular responses were evaluated. RESULTS: Severe MF (grade II-III) was observed in 44 (33%) patients prior to imatinib therapy, and in 8 (8%) after 12 months of imatinib treatment (p=0.001). The complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) rates at 12 months did not differ according to the pre-imatinib MF grades, and CCyR rates in patients with grades 0, I, II and III MF were 36/47 (76.5%), 26/33 (78.7%), 12/23 (52.1%) and 7/10 (70%), respectively (p=0.127). There was no significant difference between patients with or without CCyR at 12 months of imatinib regarding grades of MF (p=0.785). The distribution of the major molecular response rates at 18 months according to pre-treatment grades of MF were determined as grade 0 in 38/45 (84.4%), grade I in 21/28 (75%), grade II in 14/21 (66.6%) and grade III in 7/10 (70%) (p=0.112). There was no significant difference in overall survival rates between initial MF mild (grade 0-I) and severe (grade II-III) groups (p=0.278). CONCLUSIONS: According to our findings, MF regresses with imatinib therapy over time, and the MF grades at diagnosis do not have a negative impact on the responses to imatinib treatment. Therefore, the adverse prognostic impact of the MF among patients with CML seems to disappear in the era of the TKIs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose/tratamento farmacológico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Reticulina/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Tumour Biol ; 37(3): 3871-7, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26476536

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET/CT findings with the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family and its receptor (VEGFR) levels in metastatic and nonmetastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Fluorine-18 FDG-PET/CT scans were performed for initial staging and restaging of patients with CRC. FDG-PET/CT findings of tumor (such as the presence of a primary tumor, the lymphatic or distance metastases, and the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary tumor), serum VEGF A-C-D-E levels, and serum VEGF receptor 1-2-3 levels were analyzed. A total of 63 patients were included into the study (35 males, mean age 61.3 ± 11.9 years). Patients were divided into two groups, based on positive and negative PET/CT findings. Patients were also categorized according to the presence of metastasis. All evaluated parameters were significantly higher in the PET/CT-positive group than the PET/CT-negative group (p < 0.001). All those parameters were also positively correlated with each other. The highest correlation for SUVmax of primary tumor was found with VEGFR-3 (p < 0.001, r = 0.665). Patients with metastases had high levels of VEGF-D, VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-E, and VEGFR-3 than those without metastases. These parameters had better specificity and sensitivity values than the SUVmax of the primary tumor for detection of metastases. However, VEGF-D was the best indicator of metastasis in all of those parameters (VEGF-D vs SUVmax; sensitivity 100 vs 100 %; specificity 76 vs 76 %; AUC 0.903 vs 0.835; p < 0.001, respectively). Vascular endothelial growth factor family and its receptors were significantly higher in metastatic CRC patients. VEGF-D was the best indicator of metastasis than all VEGF family, VEGFR-3, and primary tumor SUVmax. VEGF family (A-C-D-E) and VEGFR-3 may help to determine the prognosis and management of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Idoso , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator D de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Receptor 3 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue
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