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1.
J Nucl Med ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757842

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive and prognostic value of interim FDG PET (iPET) in evaluating early response to immuno-chemotherapy after two cycles (PET-2) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by applying two different methods of interpretation: the Deauville visual five-point scale (5-PS) and a change in standardised uptake value by semi-quantitative evaluation. Methods: 145 patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL underwent pre-treatment PET (PET-0) and PET-2 assessment. PET-2 was classified according to both the visual 5-PS and percentage SUV changes (ΔSUV). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to compare the accuracy of the two methods for predicting progression-free survival (PFS). Survival estimates, based on each method separately and combined, were calculated for iPET-positive (iPET+) and iPET-negative (iPET-) groups and compared. Results: Both with visual and ΔSUV-based evaluations significant differences were found between the PFS of iPET- and iPET+ patient groups (p<0.001). Visually the best negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) occurred when iPET was defined as positive if Deauville score 4-5 (89% and 59%, respectively). Using the 66% ΔSUV cut-off value, reported previously, NPV and PPV were 80 and 76%, respectively. ΔSUV at 48.9% cut-off point, reported for the first time here, produced 100% specificity along with the highest sensitivity (24%). Visual and semi-quantitative ΔSUV<48.9% assessment of each PET-2 gave the same PET-2 classification (positive or negative) in 70% (102/145) of all patients. This combined classification delivered NPV and PPV of 89% and 100% respectively, and all iPET+ patients failed to achieve or remain in remission. Conclusion: In this large consistently treated and assessed series of DLBCL, iPET had good prognostic value interpreted either visually or semi-quantitatively. We determined that the most effective ΔSUV cut-off was at 48.9%, and that when combined with visual 5-PS assessment, a positive PET-2 was highly predictive of treatment failure.

2.
J Nucl Med Technol ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604902

RESUMO

Introduction: Quantification of metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) can be time-consuming. We evaluated the performance of an automatic multi-foci segmentation method of quantification (MFS) in patients with different stages of Hodgkin`s Lymphoma, using the multiple VOI method (MV) as reference. Methods: This prospective bicentric study included 50 patients with Hodgkin's Lymphoma who underwent staging 18F-FGD PET/CT. The exams were centrally reviewed and processed with commercial MFS software in order to obtain MTV and TLG utilizing two fixed relative thresholds (40% and 20% of the maximum standardized uptake value) of each lesion. All PET/CTs were processed using the MV and MFS methods. Inter-class correlation coefficient and Bland & Altman plots were used for statistical analysis. Repeated calculations of MTV and TLG values by two observers with different degrees of PET/CT imaging experience were used to access interobserver agreement of the MFS method. Results: The mean and standard deviation values obtained for the MTV with MV and MFS were respectively 736mL ± 856mL and 660mL ± 699mL for the 20% threshold, and 313mL ± 359mL and 372mL ± 434mL for the 40% threshold. The time spent calculating the MTV was much shorter with the MFS than with the MV method (median time: 11.6 min. [1-30 min] and 64.4min. [1-240 min], respectively), especially in patients with advanced disease. Time spent was similar in patients with localized disease. There were no statistical differences between the MFS values obtained by the two different observers. Conclusion: MTV and TLG calculations using MFS are reproducible, generate similar results to those obtained with MV and are much less timing consuming. Main differences between the two methods were related to difficulties in avoiding overlay of VOIs in the MV technique. MV and MFS perform equally well in in patients with small number of lesions.

3.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 40(3): 245-249, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-953832

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate, in a large prospective multicenter study, whether 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography is sufficiently accurate to identify clinically important bone marrow involvement by Hodgkin's lymphoma to replace routine bone marrow biopsy in a developing tropical country. Methods: Patients newly diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma were recruited from six cancer centers in Brazil. All were staged by the results of positron emission tomography/computed tomography that were centrally reviewed and by iliac crest bone marrow biopsy. Patients were classified as having marrow disease if they had lymphoma identified by marrow biopsy histology or had focal 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose marrow uptake that resolved following chemotherapy. Results: A total of 246 participants were recruited from six different centers and 62 (25.2%) were judged to have Hodgkin's lymphoma in the bone marrow. Positron emission tomography and biopsies were concordant in 206 patients (83%). Positron emission tomography correctly identified marrow disease in 59/62 patients (95.1%) and marrow biopsy in 25/62 patients (40.3%). In 22/62 (35.4%) patients, the two techniques were concordant in the diagnosis of marrow involvement. Of the forty discordant results, positron emission tomography found bone marrow involvement in 37 patients, upstaging 22 to stage IV and having an impact on therapeutic decision in nine cases given their reallocation from early to advanced stage. Three false negative positron emission tomography results were obtained with bone marrow biopsy giving positive findings. All three cases were classified as stage IV regardless of bone marrow findings implying no modification in the clinical management. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of positron emission tomography for detecting bone marrow disease were 95%, 100% and 98% and for bone marrow biopsy they were 40%, 100% and 84%, respectively. Conclusion: We conclude that positron emission tomography can replace marrow biopsy in Brazilian patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma without compromising clinical management.

4.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 40(3): 245-249, 2018 Jul-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30128433

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate, in a large prospective multicenter study, whether 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose-positron emission tomography is sufficiently accurate to identify clinically important bone marrow involvement by Hodgkin's lymphoma to replace routine bone marrow biopsy in a developing tropical country. Methods: Patients newly diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma were recruited from six cancer centers in Brazil. All were staged by the results of positron emission tomography/computed tomography that were centrally reviewed and by iliac crest bone marrow biopsy. Patients were classified as having marrow disease if they had lymphoma identified by marrow biopsy histology or had focal 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose marrow uptake that resolved following chemotherapy. Results: A total of 246 participants were recruited from six different centers and 62 (25.2%) were judged to have Hodgkin's lymphoma in the bone marrow. Positron emission tomography and biopsies were concordant in 206 patients (83%). Positron emission tomography correctly identified marrow disease in 59/62 patients (95.1%) and marrow biopsy in 25/62 patients (40.3%). In 22/62 (35.4%) patients, the two techniques were concordant in the diagnosis of marrow involvement. Of the forty discordant results, positron emission tomography found bone marrow involvement in 37 patients, upstaging 22 to stage IV and having an impact on therapeutic decision in nine cases given their reallocation from early to advanced stage. Three false negative positron emission tomography results were obtained with bone marrow biopsy giving positive findings. All three cases were classified as stage IV regardless of bone marrow findings implying no modification in the clinical management. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of positron emission tomography for detecting bone marrow disease were 95%, 100% and 98% and for bone marrow biopsy they were 40%, 100% and 84%, respectively. Conclusion: We conclude that positron emission tomography can replace marrow biopsy in Brazilian patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma without compromising clinical management.

5.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 118-125, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-914923

RESUMO

Background: In 2016, Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) was responsible for 2,470 new cases in Brazil and, despite recent scientific advances, there are unmet medical needs that affects patients' outcome. Therefore, we aimed to explore the unmet medical needs in the management of HL patients in Brazil, based on experts' perspective. Methods: A questionnaire was developed to address the unmet medical needs including barriers for the diagnosis and treatment of HL in Brazil. The questionnaire results were presented in a panel discussion to validate participants' responses and to collect additional data. Main results: Eight experts participated in the panel. On both healthcare systems, public and private, a slight majority of patients was women and most of them were under 60 yearsold. In addition, the majority of patients were referred from another specialty on both systems. The time from onco-hematologist appointment to diagnosis was different between public and private sector (median of 30 and 12.5 days, respectively). Most patients in the public sector were on stage III (33%) and IV (33%); in the private sector, most patients were on stages II (36%) and III (24%). The most common barriers were the delayed diagnosis and the unavailability of diagnostic procedures and treatment options. Conclusion: According to participants, issues related to infrastructure and healthcare resource allocation affects the management of HL. Improvements in the infrastructure and educational measures for physicians and patients may contribute to minimize the barriers.


Introdução: Em 2016, o Linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) foi responsável por 2.470 novos casos no Brasil e, apesar dos recentes avanços científicos, há necessidades médicas não atendidas que afetam os pacientes. Portanto, o estudo teve como objetivo explorar as necessidades médicas não atendidas no manejo de pacientes com LH no Brasil, com base na perspectiva de especialistas. Métodos: Um questionário foi desenvolvido para abordar as necessidades médicas não atendidas, incluindo as barreiras para o diagnóstico e tratamento do LH no Brasil. Os resultados do questionário foram apresentados em um painel de discussão para validar as respostas dos participantes e coletar dados adicionais. Principais resultados: Oito especialistas participaram do painel. De acordo com os especialistas, em ambos os sistemas de saúde público e privado, uma pequena maioria dos pacientes era mulher e a maioria tinha menos de 60 anos. Além disso, a maioria dos pacientes foi encaminhada por outra especialidade em ambos os sistemas. O tempo entre a consulta com o onco-hematologista até o diagnóstico foi diferente entre o setor público e privado (mediana de 30 e 12,5 dias, respectivamente). A maioria dos pacientes do setor público apresenta estádios III (33%) e IV (33%); no setor privado, a maioria dos pacientes apresenta estádios II (36%) e III (24%). As barreiras mais comuns foram o atraso no diagnóstico e a indisponibilidade de procedimentos diagnósticos, e opções de tratamento. Conclusão: De acordo com os participantes, as questões relacionadas à infraestrutura e à alocação de recursos de saúde afetam o gerenciamento do LH. Melhorias na infraestrutura e medidas educacionais para médicos e pacientes podem contribuir para minimizar as barreiras.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Assistência ao Paciente , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
6.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 172-178, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-915110

RESUMO

Background: Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL) is a curable type of cancer, with a wide variety of therapies, especially for refractory/relapsing cases. Therefore, the study aims to explore the treatment patterns used in the management of HL patients in Brazil. Methods: A survey was developed to explore the treatment patterns in Brazil, addressing topics such as clinical characteristics, lines of therapy, transplant information and cure rates. Then, results were presented in a panel discussion to validate participants' responses and gain additional insights. Main results: The eight experts reported that most patients are women and under 60 years old. In both private and public healthcare systems, ABVD was the most commonly used first-line therapy for patients of all stages. The median cure rates for patients in stages I and II were 80% and 87.5%, and for stages III and IV 60% and 67.5%, respectively, in public and private sectors. For the subsequent lines of therapy, different regimens such as DHAP, GVD, GEV, ICE and allogeneic transplant are used, among others. Brentuximab vedotin was present mainly in the private sector. In the public sector, 70% of the patients are eligible for autologous stem cell transplant; of them, 75% actually receive the transplant. In the private sector, 80% of the patients are eligible, and 100% of them receive the transplant. Conclusion: Similarities were found between the public and private sectors in first-line therapy and cure rates. However, barriers for subsequent lines of therapy are more evident in the public system.


Introdução: O linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) é um tipo de câncer curável, com ampla variedade de terapias, especialmente para casos refratários/recidivantes. Portanto, o estudo visa explorar os padrões de tratamento utilizados no manejo de pacientes com LH no Brasil. Métodos: Uma pesquisa foi desenvolvida para explorar os padrões de tratamento no Brasil, abordando tópicos como: características clínicas, linhas de terapia, informações sobre transplantes e taxas de cura. Em seguida, os resultados foram apresentados em um painel de discussão para validar as respostas dos participantes e coletar os insights adicionais. Principais resultados: Os oito especialistas relataram que maioria dos pacientes é composta por mulheres com idade menor de 60 anos. Em ambos os sistemas de saúde, privado e público, ABVD foi a terapia de primeira linha mais comumente usada para pacientes de todos os estágios. As medianas das taxas de cura para pacientes nos estágios I e II foram de 80% e 87,5%, e para os estádios III e IV, de 60% e 67,5%, nos setores público e privado, respectivamente. Para as linhas subsequentes de terapia, diferentes regimes como DHAP, GVD, GEV, ICE e transplante alogênico são utilizados, entre outros. Brentuximabe vedotina estava presente principalmente no setor privado. No setor público, 70% dos pacientes são elegíveis para transplante autólogo de células-tronco; deles, 75% recebem o transplante. No setor privado, 80% dos pacientes são elegíveis e 100% recebem o transplante. Conclusão: Foram encontradas semelhanças entre o setor público e privado na terapia de primeira linha, bem como nas taxas de cura. No entanto, as barreiras para as linhas subsequentes de terapia são mais evidentes no sistema público.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Tratamento Farmacológico
7.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(2): 190-197, Agosto/2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-915117

RESUMO

Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is a B-cell malignancy with a classical bimodal distribution with incidence peaking in the third and sixth decades of life. The purpose of this review is to describe the current unmet medical need for relapsing/refractory HL and the main data of emerging treatments, including brentuximab vedotin, the immune checkpoint inhibitors nivolumab and pembrolizumab, as well as other compounds in development. Available guidelines for relapsing/refractory HL are discussed.


O linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) é uma neoplasia de células B com distribuição bimodal clássica com pico de incidência na terceira e sexta décadas de vida. O objetivo desta revisão é descrever as atuais necessidades médicas não atendidas dos pacientes com LH recidivante/refratário e os dados principais dos tratamentos emergentes, incluindo brentuximabe vedotina, os inibidores do ponto de verificação imunológico, nivolumabe e pembrolizumabe, bem como outros compostos em desenvolvimento. Além disso, discutem-se as diretrizes disponíveis para LH recidivante/refratário.


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença de Hodgkin , Tratamento Farmacológico
8.
Oncotarget ; 7(50): 83319-83329, 2016 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27825111

RESUMO

As a part of an international study on the molecular analysis of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL), a robust protocol for gene expression analysis from RNA extraction to qRT-PCR using Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded tissues was developed. Here a study was conducted to define a strategy to validate the previously reported 6-gene (LMO2, BCL6, FN1, CCND2, SCYA3 and BCL2) model as predictor of prognosis in DLBCL. To avoid variation, all samples were tested in a single centre and single platform. This study comprised 8 countries (Brazil, Chile, Hungary, India, Philippines, S. Korea, Thailand and Turkey). Using the Kaplan-Meier and log rank test on patients (n=162) and two mortality risk groups (with those above and below the mean representing high and low risk groups) confirmed that the 6-gene predictor score correlates significantly with overall survival (OS, p<0.01) but not with event free survival (EFS, p=0.18). Adding the International Prognostic Index (IPI) shows that the 6-gene predictor score correlates significantly with high IPI scores for OS (p<0.05), whereas those with low IPI scores show a trend not reaching significance (p=0.08). This study defined an effective and economical qRT-PCR strategy and validated the 6-gene score as a predictor of OS in an international setting.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Fixadores/química , Formaldeído/química , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Inclusão em Parafina , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Fixação de Tecidos/métodos , Transcriptoma , Idoso , Ásia , Biópsia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/normas , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/normas , América do Sul , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 40(1): 98-103, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23100050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: When deciding on therapy, FDG PET/CT-positive results should be confirmed by histology if possible. We evaluated the impact of percutaneous PET/CT-guided biopsies on histological confirmation of PET/CT-positive lesions. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 126 patients who had undergone a PET/CT scan with positive results with an indication for histological evaluation of lesions. Imaging was performed in a PET/CT scanner with a fluoroscopic imaging system. A total of 130 lesions were accessed by PET/CT-guided biopsy. The technical feasibility, clinical success and complication rates of PET/CT-guided biopsies were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 130 PET/CT-positive lesions, 128 (98.5 %) were successfully accessed and representative tissue samples obtained. Two lesions were reaccessed due to inconclusive histological results. Histology showed that 99 of the 130 lesions (76.2 %) were malignant, and 31 lesions (23.8 %) were benign (inflammatory cells or necrotic tissue); these patients had no recurrence of disease after a minimum follow-up of 6 months. Also, in 23 of the 130 lesions (17.7 %), the patient was referred for the PET/CT-guided biopsy due to a previous nontumoral biopsy result, and of these 23 lesions, 21 were found to be malignant. The complication rates were: pneumothorax in 15/130 (11.5 %; resolved spontaneously), haemoptysis in 2/130 (1.5 %) and severe haemothorax in 1/130 (0.8 %); there was no procedure-related mortality. CONCLUSION: PET/CT-guided biopsy is feasible and may optimize the diagnostic yield of image-guided interventions. Also, PET/CT-positive lesions with no morphological correlation may now be accessible to percutaneous interventions.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Imagem Multimodal , Neoplasias/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Biópsia por Agulha , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
São Paulo; s.n; 2013. 42 p. graf, tab.
Não convencional em Português | Sec. Munic. Saúde SP, EMS-Acervo | ID: sms-9264

RESUMO

Neste estudo retrospectivo foram quantificados os procedimentos utilizados no diagnóstico e tratamento invasivo dos pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC) do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) com origem no nível de atenção secundária nos municípios de Curitiba, São Paulo e também no Instituto do Coração da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (Incor FMUSP), uma instituição terciária de ensino. Foi realizada uma comparação da população com diagnóstico ou supeita de DAC submetida ou não a diagnóstico não-invasivo prévio com exames funcionais (teste ergométrico, ecocardiograma de estresse e cintilografia de perfusão do miocárdio), além de cateterismo diagnóstico e tratamento com revascularização percutânea ou cirúrgica. Foi ainda analisado o impacto econômico das estratégias observadas sob a perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde. Os objetivos do presente estudo foram (1) avaliar e quantificar os procedimentos utilizados na investigação de pacientes com DAC no SUS nos município de Curitiba e (2) São Paulo, assim como (3) no Incor FMUSP e (4) analisar a incidência de óbito em cada grupo de investigação (5) assim, como o custo direto destas estratégias utilizadas. Existem diferenças importantes no manejo do paciente com DAC na região metropolitana de Curitiba, São Paulo e no InCor. Os testes funcionais são os exames mais frequentemente utilizados na avaliação de pacientes com DAC nos três cenários avaliados, porém os custos empregados são muito menores em Curitiba que nos demais cenários. Há uma priorização dos custos relacionados ao tratamento invasivo, representando 59,7% dos custos diretos relacionado ao diagnóstico e tratamento do SUS em São Paulo e chegando até a 87,2% dos custos diretos totais em Curitiba. Indicadores nominais e estudos longitudinais são necessários para uma melhor avaliação e planejamento do sistema (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares
11.
Radiol. bras ; 45(4): 198-204, jul.-ago. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-647859

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Comparar a acurácia e a custo-efetividade do estadiamento metabólico (EM) com o FDG-PET em relação ao estadiamento convencional (EC) no estadiamento inicial de pacientes com câncer de pulmão não pequenas células (CPNPC). MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Noventa e cinco pacientes com diagnóstico inicial de CPNPC foram estadiados antes do início do tratamento. Os resultados do EC e EM foram comparados quanto a definição do tratamento e incidência de toracotomia fútil em cada estratégia. RESULTADOS: O EM com FDG-PET classificou 48,4% dos pacientes como estádio mais avançado e 5,3% como menos avançado. O resultado do EM modificaria o tratamento em 41% dos pacientes. A toracotomia foi considerada fútil em 47% dos pacientes com EC e em 19% dos casos com EM. O custo das toracotomias fúteis em oito pacientes no EM foi de R$ 79.720, enquanto em 31 pacientes no EC seria de R$ 308.915. Apenas esta economia seria mais que suficiente para cobrir os custos de todos os exames de FDG-PET nos 95 pacientes (R$ 126.350) ou de FDG-PET/CT (R$ 193.515). CONCLUSÃO: O EM com FDG-PET tem maior acurácia que o EC em pacientes com CPNPC. A FDG-PET e FDG-PET/CT são custo-efetivas e sua utilização se justifica economicamente na saúde pública no Brasil.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and cost-effectiveness of metabolic staging (MS) with FDG-PET as compared with the conventional staging (CS) strategy in the preoperative staging of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 95 patients with initial diagnosis of NSCLC were staged before undergoing treatment. The MS and CS results were compared with regard to treatment definition and incidence of futile thoracotomies with both strategies. RESULTS: Metabolic staging with FDG-PET upstaged 48.4% and downstaged 5.3% of the patients, and would lead to change in the treatment of 41% of cases. Thoracotomy was considered as futile in 47% of the patients with CS, and in 19% of the patients with MS. The cost of futile thoracotomies in eight patients with MS was R$ 79,720, while in 31 patients with CS it would be R$ 308,915. Just such saving in costs would be more than enough to cover the costs of all FDG-PETs (R$ 126,350) or FDG-PET/CTs (R$ 193,515) for the 95 patients. CONCLUSION: The metabolic staging with FDG-PET is more accurate than CS in patients with NSCLC. Both FDG-PET and FDG-PET/CT are cost-effective methods and their utilization is economically justifiable in the Brazilian public health system.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico
12.
PET Clin ; 7(1): 21-33, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27157015

RESUMO

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a sectional molecular imaging procedure that allows evaluation of the metabolism at a molecular and cellular level. For a PET scan, the patient is injected with a radiotracer, such as (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). FDG PET-computed tomography has become an established modality for metabolic staging and plays an important role in the major steps of evaluation and treatment of most lymphoma subtypes, with significant impact in the initial staging, posttherapy evaluation, and suspect of relapse of disease. However, whenever the information of PET results is translated to changing treatment, especially in cases of further treatment, biopsy confirmation should always be made when possible.

13.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 4(8): 880-8, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21835380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the prognostic value and risk classification improvement using contemporary single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) to predict all-cause mortality. BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion is a strong estimator of prognosis. Evidence published to date has not established the added prognostic value of SPECT-MPI nor defined an approach to detect improve classification of risk in women from a developing nation. METHODS: A total of 2,225 women referred for SPECT-MPI were followed by a mean period of 3.7 ± 1.4 years. SPECT-MPI results were classified as abnormal on the presence of any perfusion defect. Abnormal scans were further classified as with mild/moderate reversible, severe reversible, partial reversible, or fixed perfusion defects. Risk estimates for incident mortality were categorized as <1%/year, 1% to 2%/year, and >2%/year using Cox proportional hazard models. Risk-adjusted models incorporated clinical risk factors, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and perfusion variables. RESULTS: All-cause death occurred in 139 patients. SPECT-MPI significantly risk stratified the population; patients with abnormal scans had significantly higher death rates compared with patients with normal scans, 13.1% versus 4.0%, respectively (p < 0.001). Cox analysis demonstrated that after adjusting for clinical risk factors and LVEF, SPECT-MPI improved the model discrimination (integrated discrimination index = 0.009; p = 0.02), added significant incremental prognostic information (global chi-square increased from 87.7 to 127.1; p < 0.0001), and improved risk prediction (net reclassification improvement = 0.12; p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: SPECT-MPI added significant incremental prognostic information to clinical and left ventricular functional variables while enhancing the ability to classify this Brazilian female population into low- and high-risk categories of all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Circulação Coronária , Feminino , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
14.
Radiol. bras ; 43(4): 255-259, jul.-ago. 2010.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-557980

RESUMO

Apresentamos uma lista de recomendações sobre a utilização de 18F-FDG PET em oncologia, no diagnóstico, estadiamento e detecção de recorrência ou progressão do câncer. Foi realizada pesquisa para identificar estudos controlados e revisões sistemáticas de literatura composta por estudos retrospectivos e prospectivos. As consequências e o impacto da 18F-FDG PET no manejo de pacientes oncológicos também foram avaliados. A 18F-FDG PET deve ser utilizada como ferramenta adicional aos métodos de imagem convencionais como tomografia computadorizada e ressonância magnética. Resultados positivos que sugiram alteração no manejo clínico devem ser confirmados por exame histopatológico. A 18F-FDG PET deve ser utilizada no manejo clínico apropriado para o diagnóstico de cânceres do sistema respiratório, cabeça e pescoço, sistema digestivo, mama, melanoma, órgão genitais, tireoide, sistema nervoso central, linfoma e tumor primário oculto.


The authors present a list of recommendations on the utilization of 18F-FDG PET/CT in oncology for the diagnosis, staging and detection of cancer, as well as in the follow-up of the disease progression and possible recurrence. The recommendations were based on the analysis of controlled studies and a systematic review of the literature including both retrospective and prospective studies regarding the clinical usefulness and the impact of 18F-FDG PET/CT on the management of cancer patients. 18F-FDG PET/CT should be utilized as a supplement to other conventional imaging methods such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Positive results suggesting changes in the clinical management should be confirmed by histopathological studies. 18F-FDG PET should be utilized in the diagnosis and appropriate clinical management of cancer involving the respiratory system, head and neck, digestive system, breast, genital organs, thyroid, central nervous system, besides melanomas, lymphomas and occult primary tumors.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Oncologia , Imagem Multimodal , Neoplasias , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2010. [130] p.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-579508

RESUMO

Pacientes com linfoma de Hodgkin (LH) tratados com poliquimioterpia com adriamicina, bleomicina, vincristina e doxorrubicina (ABVD) apresentam resposta terapêutica distinta. Para aprimorar a avaliação prognóstica e a abordagem terapêutica em LH objetivamos avaliar o valor prognóstico da PET-FDG após 2 ciclos de ABVD (PET2) em pacientes com LH. Foram incluídos nesse estudo prospectivo 115 pacientes com diagnóstico recente de LH no período de agosto de 2005 a dezembro de 2007. Os pacientes foram estadiados com exame clínico, laboratorial, tomografia computadorizada e PET-FDG (PET0). Todos os pacientes foram tratados com ABVD e aqueles com massa tumoral extensa foram tratados com radioterapia associada. Após dois ciclos de ABVD os pacientes foram submetidos a PET2. Nenhum tratamento foi alterado baseado na PET2. Foi avaliado o valor prognóstico dos fatores clínicos, Índice Prognóstico Internacional (IPI) e PET2 em relação à sobrevida livre de eventos (SLE) em três anos. Dos 104 pacientes que foram avaliados, 82 atingiram remissão completa e 22 pacientes apresentaram falha de tratamento durante a mediana de 36 meses de acompanhamento. A SG e SLE em três anos foi de 94,2% e 74,2% respectivamente. A SLE em três anos da PET2 positiva foi de 54,3%, enquanto da PET2 negativa foi de 90,5% (p< 0.001). Na análise de subgrupos de pacientes com estádio precoce, avançado, IPI baixo e alto risco, a PET2 também apresentou correlação estatisticamente significativa com o prognóstico. Concluímos que a PET2 é o melhor fator prognóstico independente na avaliação de pacientes com LH.


Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with poliquimioteraphy with adriamycin, bleomycin, vincristine and doxorubicin (ABVD) have distinct therapeutic response. In order to improve the prognostic assessment and therapeutic approach in HL we have evaluated the prognostic value of FDG-PET after 2 cycles of ABVD (PET2). Were included in this prospective study 115 patients with newly diagnosed LH in the period of August 2005 to December 2007. The patients were staged with physical examination, laboratory, CT and PET-FDG (PET0). All patients were treated with ABVD and those with extensive tumor were treated with radiotherapy associated. After two cycles of ABVD patients underwent PET2. No treatment was changed based on PET2. We assessed the prognostic value of clinical factors, international prognostic score (IPS) and PET2 in relation to event-free survival (EFS) in three years. Of the 104 patients who finalized the evaluation, 82 achieved complete remission and 22 patients experienced treatment failure during the median of 36 months of follow-up. The EFS at three years was 74.2%. EFS in three years of PET2 positive was 54.3%, while the PET2 negative was 90.5% (p <0.001). In subgroup analysis of patients with early stage, advanced, low and high risk IPS, PET2 also showed significant correlation with the prognosis. We conclude that the PET2 is the best independent prognostic factor in the evaluation of overall patients with LH, or in subgroups of early, advance; low and high risk of HL.


Assuntos
Adulto , Doença de Hodgkin , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Sobrevida
16.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 64(6): 491-8, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19578651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 2-[18F]-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-D-Glucose (FDG-PET) is a well established functional imaging modality for the initial staging of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in patients from Western Europe and North America. The reliability of FDG-PET in populations of different ethnic groups is unclear, as all investigations published to date have come from developed countries. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of FDG-PET in the initial staging of HL patients in a Brazilian population. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with newly diagnosed HL were prospectively included in the study. All patients were staged with both conventional clinical staging (CCS) methods, including computed tomography (CT) and whole-body FDG-PET methods. A standard of reference for the nodal regions and the extranodal organs was determined using all available information, including the CCS methods, FDG-PET, the diagnostic histology and the follow-up examinations. The results of the CCS were then compared to the FDG-PET results. RESULTS: The sensitivity of FDG-PET was higher for nodal staging than that of CT (87.8% vs. 61.6%, respectively). FDG-PET was also more sensitive than CT in regard to evaluating the extranodal organs for lymphomatous involvement (96.2% vs. 40.0%, respectively). FDG-PET detected all 16 patients who were characterized by a positive bone marrow biopsy and identified an additional 4 patients with bone marrow disease. The incorporation of FDG-PET coupled with CCS in the staging procedure upstaged 20% (17/82) of the patients and downstaged 11% (9/82) of the patients. As a result of these changes in staging, 15% (13/82) of the patients would have received a different therapeutic regimen. CONCLUSIONS: The FDG-PET method is superior to CT for the detection of nodal and extra-nodal HL. The observation that the FDG-PET method upstaged the disease was the most common result (20% of patients) brought about by the addition of PET to the staging algorithm, even in a population of patients with a high incidence of advanced disease. However, changes in stages based on FDG-PET results should be confirmed by biopsy.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Imagem Corporal Total , Adulto Jovem
18.
Clinics ; 64(6): 491-498, June 2009. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-517918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 2-[18F]-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-D-Glucose (FDG-PET) is a well established functional imaging modality for the initial staging of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in patients from Western Europe and North America. The reliability of FDG-PET in populationsof different ethnic groups is unclear, as all investigations published to date have come from developed countries. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of FDG-PET in the initial staging of HL patients in a Brazilian population. METHODS: Eighty-two patients with newly diagnosed HL were prospectively included in the study. All patients were staged with both conventional clinical staging (CCS) methods, including computed tomography (CT) and whole-body FDG-PET methods. A standard of reference for the nodal regions and the extranodal organs was determined using all available information, including the CCS methods, FDG-PET, the diagnostic histology and the follow-up examinations. The results of the CCS were then compared to the FDG-PET results. RESULTS: The sensitivity of FDG-PET was higher for nodal staging than that of CT (87.8% vs. 61.6%, respectively). FDG-PET was also more sensitive than CT in regard to evaluating the extranodal organs for lymphomatous involvement (96.2% vs. 40.0%, respectively). FDG-PET detected all 16 patients who were characterized by a positive bone marrow biopsy and identified an additional 4 patients with bone marrow disease. The incorporation of FDG-PET coupled with CCS in the staging procedure upstaged 20% (17/82) of the patients and downstaged 11% (9/82) of the patients. As a result of these changes in staging, 15% (13/82) of the patients would have received a different therapeutic regimen.CONCLUSIONS: The FDG-PET method is superior to CT for the detection of nodal and extra-nodal HL. The observation that the FDG-PET method upstaged the...


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Doença de Hodgkin , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Imagem Corporal Total , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 62(2): 121-6, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17505695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The metabolic test using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose is a useful tool for the management of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, either for staging purposes or for the evaluation of suspicious masses that can frequently occur after treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the value of the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose test performed with a dual-head coincident gamma camera (CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose) for the staging and the detection of residual tumor of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients were included in this retrospective study; the metabolic test comprising CGC-PET with FDG was done in 18 patients for staging work-up (Group 1), and the results were compared to conventional clinical staging procedures that included computed tomography scans and bone marrow biopsy. The remaining 20 patients were evaluated with CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose due to the presence of residual masses or a new lesion (Group 2). RESULTS: The 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose metabolic test, CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose, upstaged 5 (27%) of the Group 1 patients and detected more lesions (45) than conventional methods of staging (33). Of the 20 patients in Group 2, 11 had positive18F-fluorodeoxyglucosetests, and a viable tumor was confirmed in 9 patients. Regarding the 9 patients with negative fluorodeoxyglucose metabolic tests, the 1-year probability of recurrence was 11.8%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of the CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose test were 90%, 80%, 82%, 89%, and 85% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The metabolic test comprising CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose had a higher diagnostic accuracy than conventional methods in the staging of Hodgkin lymphoma and thus is a valuable noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of suspicious lesions.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão
20.
Clinics ; 62(2): 121-126, Apr. 2007. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-449650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The metabolic test using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose is a useful tool for the management of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, either for staging purposes or for the evaluation of suspicious masses that can frequently occur after treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the value of the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose test performed with a dual-head coincident gamma camera (CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose) for the staging and the detection of residual tumor of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: Thirty-eight consecutive patients were included in this retrospective study; the metabolic test comprising CGC-PET with FDG was done in 18 patients for staging work-up (Group 1), and the results were compared to conventional clinical staging procedures that included computed tomography scans and bone marrow biopsy. The remaining 20 patients were evaluated with CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose due to the presence of residual masses or a new lesion (Group 2). RESULTS: The 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose metabolic test, CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose, upstaged 5 (27 percent) of the Group 1 patients and detected more lesions (45) than conventional methods of staging (33). Of the 20 patients in Group 2, 11 had positive18F-fluorodeoxyglucosetests, and a viable tumor was confirmed in 9 patients. Regarding the 9 patients with negative fluorodeoxyglucose metabolic tests, the 1-year probability of recurrence was 11.8 percent. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of the CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose test were 90 percent, 80 percent, 82 percent, 89 percent, and 85 percent respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The metabolic test comprising CGC-PET with fluorodeoxyglucose had a higher diagnostic accuracy than conventional methods in the staging of Hodgkin lymphoma and thus is a valuable noninvasive tool for the diagnosis of suspicious lesions.


OBJETIVO: O estudo metabólico com 18F-fluorodeoxiglicose é uma ferramenta útil para o manejo de portadores de linfoma de Hodgkin, tanto como método auxiliar no estadiamento da doença, quanto na avaliação de massas suspeitas encontradas após tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o valor do estudo com 18F-fluorodeoxiglicose em gama câmara híbrida no estadiamento e na detecção de tumor residual em pacientes com linfoma de Hodgkin. MÉTODOS: Trinta e oito pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo retrospectivo, 18 foram avaliados com o estudo metabólico durante o estadiamento (Grupo 1), sendo os resultados do estudo comparados com os obtidos com o estadiamento convencional, que incluiu tomografia e biópsia de medula óssea. Os 20 pacientes restantes realizaram o estudo metabólico devido à presença de massa residual ou de nova lesão suspeita (Grupo 2). RESULTADOS: O estudo metabólico aumentou o estádio de cinco (27 por cento) dos pacientes do Grupo 1 e pôde detectar mais lesões que os métodos convencionais de estadiamento (45 lesões detectadas com 18F-fluorodeoxiglicose versus 33 lesões métodos convencionais). Nos 20 pacientes do Grupo 2, 11 foram 18F-fluorodeoxiglicose positivos e tumor viável foi confirmado em 9 pacientes. Nos 9 pacientes com estudo metabólico negativo, a probabilidade de recidiva em um ano foi de 11.8 por cento. A sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e a acurácia do estudo metabólico foram de 90 por cento, 80 por cento, 82 por cento, 89 por cento e 85 por cento respectivamente. CONCLUSÕES: O estudo com 18F-fluorodeoxiglicose apresentou melhor acurácia que os métodos convencionais de estadiamento do Linfoma de Hodgkin e foi útil para o diagnóstico não-invasivo de lesões suspeitas.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Hodgkin , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Seguimentos , /metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão
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