Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 312
Filtrar
1.
Autoimmun Rev ; : 102689, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223008

RESUMO

The classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) generate discussion, with a growing impression that certain patients not fulfilling these criteria might be inadequately excluded from the classification. Nonetheless, these "non-criteria" patients are heterogeneously defined across different publications. We reviewed the "non-criteria" APS subgroups depicted in the literature and attempted to organize these subsets in a nomenclature proposal that could be used for research purposes. We established four potential patient profiles, grouped under the broad term "non-criteria APS": (A) "Seronegative APS": patients fulfilling clinical criteria, plus "non-criteria" manifestations, with persistently negative antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL); (B) "Clinical non-criteria APS": patients with "non-criteria" manifestations, plus aPL positivity fulfilling the classification criteria; (C) "Incomplete laboratory APS": patients fulfilling clinical criteria, plus positive aPL, but not fulfilling the classification criteria (low titer aPL); and (D) "Laboratory non-criteria APS": patients fulfilling clinical criteria, with negative or low titer criteria aPL, plus positive "non-criteria" aPL. This categorization could allow for a more homogeneous research approach to APS, enabling more sustained and universal conclusions.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011897

RESUMO

Microparticles (MPs) have been associated with inflammatory and thrombotic disease. High levels of MPs have been identified in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and associated with cardiovascular disease. We analyzed the procoagulant activity of MPs and its correlation with arteriosclerosis and arterial thrombosis in SLE patients. Eighty-seven patients with SLE were included: 22 (25.3%) with associated antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), 32 (36.8%) without antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and 33 (37.9%) with aPL but without APS. Subclinical arteriosclerosis, defined as the presence and number of plaques, was evaluated by ultrasonography of carotid arteries. Thrombotic events were confirmed by objective methods. The procoagulant activity of MPs was determined by a functional assay with annexin V. Subclinical arteriosclerosis was found in 19 (21.8%) patients. Thirteen episodes of arterial thrombosis and eight of venous thrombosis were recorded. The procoagulant activity of MPs was greater in patients with arterial thrombosis (17.28 ± 8.29 nM vs 12.96 ± 7.90 nM, p < 0.05). In patients without arterial thrombosis, greater procoagulant activity of MPs was identified in patients with multiple (≥ 2) carotid plaques (17.26 ± 10.63 nM vs 12.78 ± 7.15 nM, p = 0.04). In the multivariate analysis, the procoagulant activity of MPs was independently associated with multiple (≥ 2) carotid plaques and arterial thrombosis [OR = 1.094 (95%CI 1.010-1.185), p = 0.027 and OR = 1.101 (95%CI 1.025-1.182), p = 0.008; respectively]. In conclusion, the procoagulant activity of MPs is associated with arteriosclerosis burden and arterial thrombosis in patients with SLE.

3.
Lupus ; : 961203320965707, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081591

RESUMO

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune condition with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations encompassing most organs and systems. Its treatment approach includes different immunomodulatory treatments, of which B-cell targeted therapies are part of. Rituximab (an anti-CD20 antibody) had encouraging results in observational studies but failed when tested in clinical trials. It is theorized that this could have been partially due to BAFF upregulation, leading to rituximab failure. Therefore, targeting BAFF with belimumab after rituximab therapy, may have a synergic effect in SLE. Objective: We review the available observational data regarding sequential rituximab/belimumab therapy in SLE patients. Results: Twenty-four patients from 6 studies were included. The results suggest a benefit with this combined therapy, with reduction of the mean SLEDAI. However, there was significant drug regimen and patient selection heterogeneity. Conclusion: Further randomized clinical trials are needed to examine this drug sequencing protocol in SLE patients.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986935

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe baseline characteristics of antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-positive patients, overall and by clinical and laboratory subtypes, enrolled in an international registry. METHODS: AntiPhospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking Registry includes persistently aPL-positive adults. We evaluated baseline sociodemographic and aPL-related (APS classification criteria and "non-criteria") characteristics of patients overall and in subgroups (aPL-positive without APS, APS overall, thrombotic APS [TAPS] only, obstetric APS [OAPS] only, and both TAPS/OAPS). We assessed baseline characteristics of patients tested for three aPL (lupus anticoagulant test [LA], anticardiolipin antibody [aCL], and anti-ß2 -Glycoprotein-I [aß2 GPI]) by aPL profiles (LA only, single, double, and triple aPL positivity). RESULTS: Of 804 aPL-positive patients (mean age: 45 ± 13y; female: 74%; white 68%; other systemic autoimmune diseases: 36%), 80% were classified as APS (55% TAPS, 9% OAPS, and 15% TAPS/OAPS). In the overall cohort, 71% had vascular thrombosis, 50% with pregnancy history had obstetric morbidity, and 56% had at least one non-criteria manifestation. Among those with three aPL tested (n: 660), 42% were triple aPL positive. While single, double and triple aPL positive subgroups had similar frequencies of vascular, obstetric, and non-criteria events, these events were lowest in the single aPL subgroup consisting of aCL or aß2 GPI only. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the heterogeneity of aPL-related clinical manifestations and laboratory profiles in a multicenter, international cohort. Within single aPL-positivity, LA may be a major contributor to clinical events. Future prospective analyses, using standardized core laboratory aPL tests, will help clarify aPL risk profiles and improve risk stratification.

6.
Lupus ; 29(12): 1594-1600, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819183

RESUMO

The Task Force on Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome (CAPS) met again on occasion of the 16th International Congress on Antiphospholipid Antibodies (aPL) that was held in Manchester, England, in September 2019. Its aims were to assess the up-to-date knowledge on pathogenesis, clinical and laboratory features, diagnosis and classification, precipitating factors, and treatment of CAPS. This article summarizes the main aspects that were presented during the Task Force meeting at that Congress.

7.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718295

RESUMO

Hospitalizations are frequent in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and carry a significant economic burden. The focus of this review was to summarize the information available on the main causes of SLE hospitalization over recent decades. A literature review was conducted, using PubMed and Scopus, for articles related to SLE hospital admissions, from 1981 forward. Active disease/flare and infection ranked mainly as the leading causes of admission across the study period. More recently, other comorbidities gained relevance, such as cardio and cerebrovascular disease, pregnancy-related morbidity, adverse drug reactions, thromboembolic events, malignancy and renal, pulmonary and gastrointestinal disease. African and Southeast Asian studies seemed to display particularly high percentages of patients admitted with active disease/flare, while European and North American studies appeared to report more admissions due to comorbidities and accumulated disease/treatment damage. Some data supports a temporal change of certain admission causes, but the limited number, heterogeneity and variance among studies weakens a consistent analysis. In conclusion, despite the developments in SLE management, causes of hospitalization have not prominently changed across recent decades.

8.
Lupus ; : 961203320940776, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use cluster analysis (CA) to identify different clinical phenotypes among antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL)-positive patients. METHODS: The Alliance for Clinical Trials and International Networking (APS ACTION) Registry includes persistently positive aPL of any isotype based on the Sydney antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) classification criteria. We performed CA on the baseline characteristics collected retrospectively at the time of the registry entry of the first 500 patients included in the registry. A total of 30 clinical data points were included in the primary CA to cover the broad spectrum of aPL-positive patients. RESULTS: A total of 497 patients from international centres were analysed, resulting in three main exclusive clusters: (a) female patients with no other autoimmune diseases but with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and triple-aPL positivity; (b) female patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, VTE, aPL nephropathy, thrombocytopaenia, haemolytic anaemia and a positive lupus anticoagulant test; and (c) older men with arterial thrombosis, heart valve disease, livedo, skin ulcers, neurological manifestations and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our hierarchical cluster analysis, we identified different clinical phenotypes of aPL-positive patients discriminated by aPL profile, lupus or CVD risk factors. Our results, while supporting the heterogeneity of aPL-positive patients, also provide a foundation to understand disease mechanisms, create new approaches for APS classification and ultimately develop new management approaches.

9.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32703843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the evidence-based and consensus-based Behçet's Syndrome Overall Damage Index (BODI). METHODS: Starting from 120 literature-retrieved preliminary items, the BODI underwent multiple Delphi rounds with an international multidisciplinary panel consisting of rheumatologists, internists, ophthalmologists, neurologists, and patient delegates until consensus was reached on the final content. The BODI was validated in a cross-sectional multicentre cohort of 228 patients with Behçet's syndrome (BS) through the study of (a) correlation between BODI and Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI) and (b) correlation between BODI and disease activity measures (ie, Behçet's Disease Current Activity Form (BDCAF), Physician Global Assessment (PGA), Patient Global Assessment (PtGA)), c) content and face validity and (d) feasibility. RESULTS: The final BODI consists of 4 overarching principles and 46 unweighted-items grouped into 9 organ domains. It showed good to excellent reliability, with a mean Cohen's k of 0.84 (95% CI 0.78 to 0.90) and a mean intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.88 (95% CI 0.80 to 0.95). Overall, 128 (56.1%) patients had a BODI score ≥1, with a median score of 1.0 (range 0-14). The BODI significantly correlated with the VDI (r=0.693, p<0.001), demonstrating to effectively measure damage (construct validity), but had greater sensitivity in identifying major organ damage and did not correlate with disease activity measures (ie, BDCAF: p=0.807, PGA: p=0.820, PtGA: p=0.794) discriminating damage from the major confounding factor. The instrument was deemed credible (face validity), complete (content validity) and feasible by an independent group of clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Pending further validation, the BODI may be used to assess organ damage in patients with BS in the context of observational and controlled trials.

10.
J Autoimmun ; 112: 102486, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32482487

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune multisystem disease featured by an increased cardiovascular risk that may lead to premature patient's death. It has been demonstrated that SLE patients suffer from early onset endothelial dysfunction which is due to the impairment of endogenous vascular repair mechanisms. Vascular integrity and homeostasis are maintained by endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which are mobilized in response to endothelial injury to replace damaged endothelial cells. Two main EPCs subpopulations exist in peripheral blood: endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), which represent truly endothelial precursors and can physically engraft within neovessels, and myeloid angiogenic cells (MACs), which sustain angiogenesis in a paracrine manner. Emerging evidence indicates that ECFCs/MACs are down-regulated and display compromised angiogenic activity in SLE, thereby contributing to the pathogenesis of this disease. Intracellular calcium (Ca2+) signaling plays a crucial role in maintaining vascular integrity by stimulating migration, proliferation and tube formation in both ECFCs and MACs. Herein, we illustrate the evidences that support the role played by EPCs dysfunction in SLE. Subsequently, we discuss about the hypothesis that the Ca2+ handling machinery is compromised in SLE-derived ECFCs and MACs, thereby resulting in their reduced pro-angiogenic activity. Finally, we speculate about the proposal to exploit intracellular Ca2+ signaling to improve ECFCs' reparative phenotype and suggest this strategy as a new approach to treat SLE patients.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(9): 1218-1226, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The analysis of annotated transcripts from genome-wide expression studies may help to understand the pathogenesis of complex diseases, such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). We performed a whole blood (WB) transcriptome analysis on RNA collected in the context of the European PRECISESADS project, aiming at characterising the pathways that differentiate SSc from controls and that are reproducible in geographically diverse populations. METHODS: Samples from 162 patients and 252 controls were collected in RNA stabilisers. Cases and controls were divided into a discovery (n=79+163; Southern Europe) and validation cohort (n=83+89; Central-Western Europe). RNA sequencing was performed by an Illumina assay. Functional annotations of Reactome pathways were performed with the Functional Analysis of Individual Microarray Expression (FAIME) algorithm. In parallel, immunophenotyping of 28 circulating cell populations was performed. We tested the presence of differentially expressed genes/pathways and the correlation between absolute cell counts and RNA transcripts/FAIME scores in regression models. Results significant in both populations were considered as replicated. RESULTS: Overall, 15 224 genes and 1277 functional pathways were available; of these, 99 and 225 were significant in both sets. Among replicated pathways, we found a deregulation in type-I interferon, Toll-like receptor cascade, tumour suppressor p53 protein function, platelet degranulation and activation. RNA transcripts or FAIME scores were jointly correlated with cell subtypes with strong geographical differences; neutrophils were the major determinant of gene expression in SSc-WB samples. CONCLUSIONS: We discovered a set of differentially expressed genes/pathways validated in two independent sets of patients with SSc, highlighting a number of deregulated processes that have relevance for the pathogenesis of autoimmunity and SSc.


Assuntos
Autoimunidade/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Receptores Toll-Like/sangue
12.
Lupus ; 29(9): 1050-1059, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to assess the prevalence of the main clinical manifestations and laboratory features at disease onset and during the ensuing 10 years of a large cohort of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) from a single center. METHODS: The study included all consecutive APS patients followed longitudinally in our center from 2003 to 2013. Descriptive statistics for demographics, clinical and laboratory features and mortality were performed. RESULTS: A total of 160 patients were included. Most of them, 128 (78.8%), were women and the mean (SD) age at diagnosis was 39.1 (14.0) years. The majority of them, 104 (65.0%), had primary APS, 36 (22.5%) had APS associated with systemic lupus erythematous, and 20 (12.5%) had APS associated with other autoimmune disease. During the study period, thrombotic events occurred in 27 (16.9%) patients, the most common being strokes, nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis and deep venous thrombosis. Regarding obstetric morbidity, 18 women (14.3%) became pregnant and 90% of pregnancies succeeded in having live births. The most common obstetric complication was early pregnancy loss (15% of pregnancies). Prematurity (11.1% of live births) and intrauterine growth restriction (5.6% of live births) were the most frequent fetal morbidities. Ten (6.3%) patients died and the most frequent causes of death were severe thrombosis, hemorrhage, and cancer. Three (0.9%) cases of catastrophic APS occurred. The survival probability at 10 years was 93.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with APS develop significant morbidity and mortality despite current treatment. It is imperative to identify prognostic factors and therapeutic measures to prevent these complications.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: SLE has a great clinical heterogeneity and low prevalence, thus making the development of recommendations or clinical practice guidelines (CPG) based on high-quality evidence difficult. In the last few years, several CPG appeared addressing the management of the disease. The aim of this review is to critically compare the recommendations made in the most recent CPG and to analyse and compare their methodological quality. METHODS: The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II tool was used to compare the methodological quality of each of the CPG. RESULTS: Most CPG agreed in the general management and first-line treatment recommendations where there is higher quality evidence and disagreed in refractory disease treatment where there is lack of quality evidence. Also, the CPG are agreed in whether a patient should be treated regarding the most severe clinical manifestation or taking into account the treatment that best serves all clinical manifestations. The majority of the appraised CPG scored high-quality ratings, especially for scope and purpose and clarity of presentation, while they were of less quality when assessing applicability of each CPG. CONCLUSION: CPG should aid, but not replace, the health professional's clinical judgment in daily clinical patient management.

15.
Atherosclerosis ; 297: 55-63, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-invasive surrogates of cardiovascular (CV) disease such as endothelial dysfunction (ED) and peripheral arterial stiffness (AS) have been evaluated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The aim of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyze reports of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in SLE patients, as measured by ED and AS. METHODS: Studies analyzing the relationship of SLE with ED (flow-mediated dilatation [FMD], nitroglycerin-mediated dilatation [NMD] and peripheral arterial tonometry [PAT]) and AS (augmentation index [AIx], pulse wave velocity [PWV]) were systematically searched for in PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, VHL, SciELO and Web of Science databases. Inclusion criteria included peer-review and English language. Mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using the random effect model. The study was registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42019121068. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 49 studies. FMD data from 18 studies including 943 SLE subjects (mean age = 38.71 [95%CI 36.21, 41.21] years) and 644 unaffected controls (mean age = 38.63 [95%CI 36.11, 41.15] years) were included. When compared with unaffected controls, FMD in SLE subjects was decreased by 4.3% (95%CI: -6.13%, -2.47%): p < 0.001). However, NMD did not significantly differ between SLE patients and controls (MD = - 2.68%; 95% CI -6.00, 0.62; p = 0.11). A significantly increased AS between SLE patients and controls according to overall PWV (MD = 1.12 m/s; 95% CI 0.72-1.52; p < 0.001) was observed, but not for the brachial-ankle PWV. AIx was also increased in SLE patients compared with healthy controls (MD = 4.55%; 95% CI 1.48-7.63; p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, SLE patients showed impaired FMD, an independent predictor of CV events. There was a higher degree of AS in SLE patients compared with controls. ED and AS in SLE should be considered when planning preventive strategies and therapies.

16.
Eur J Intern Med ; 74: 29-34, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014364

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the most paradigmatic disorder within systemic autoimmune diseases. The concept and principles of treat-to-target (T2T) in SLE were established half a decade ago and, since then, remarkable advances have been made. An international consensus was organized in order to define and unify the term remission, although plurality, with subtle nuances still exists and has not been overcome. Also, lupus low disease activity state (LLDAS) was coined as an alternative and, perhaps, more realistic target. Both of them have proven to be meaningful in terms of improving several outcomes, and have opened the path for future research in clinical trials. This review arises from the need to summarize the current state of some of the recommendations of the T2T task force.

17.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In patients with antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and undifferentiated features of systemic autoimmune disease, the coexistence of monospecific anti-dense fine speckled 70 (anti-DFS70) antibodies is associated with a lower risk of progression to overt disease. Therefore, they might help in correctly classifying ANA-positive patients and avoiding unnecessary followup diagnostic procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze the economic effect of the introduction of the anti-DFS70 antibody test in a hospital setting. METHODS: A case-control study was performed to detect monospecific anti-DFS70 antibodies in ANA-positive subjects with undifferentiated features (cases, n = 124) and with a defined systemic autoimmune disease (controls, n = 290). Based on current clinical practice, a decision tree was developed to represent the disease course of patients with undifferentiated features in the subsequent 3 years. A budget impact analysis (BIA) was performed to estimate the effect of implementing the screening for anti-DFS70 antibodies in the case group on the total costs. A sensitivity analysis was conducted to calculate the effect of the uncertainty of the input variables on the results. RESULTS: Among the 124 patients in the case group, 5 (4.0%) tested positive for anti-DFS70 antibodies versus 4/290 (1.4%) in the control group (p = not significant). The mean cost per patient under the current clinical practice decreased from €3274 to €3192 in our scenario. The BIA reports cost savings of €10,128. CONCLUSION: The introduction of anti-DFS70 antibody test would avoid unnecessary followup diagnostic procedures and minimize the use of health resources generated by suspicion of a potential systemic autoimmune disease.

18.
Presse Med ; 48(11 Pt 2): 347-353, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694791

RESUMO

Plasma exchange is a well-established therapeutic procedure commonly used in many autoimmune disorders. The beneficial effects of plasma exchange are thought to occur through the elimination of pathogenic mediators found in plasma, including autoantibodies, complement components, and cytokines. The catastrophic antiphsopholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a life-threatening variant of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) where several thrombosis take place in a short period of time in patients with circulating antiphospholipid antibodies. The triple therapy with anticoagulation, corticosteroids and plasma exchange or intravenous immunoglobulins has been proposed in CAPS. CAPS is a rare disease precluding the conduction of formal clinical trials. However, the observation of a better clinical course of patients who received this treatment supports their use. Plasma exchange has become an established therapeutic procedure in CAPS but there are no studies regarding the better approach and thus its use relies on the experience of the physicians in charge. The current article aims to review potential mechanisms of action of plasma exchange and the technical aspects of this procedure and will focus on its current role in CAPS, the experience published in treating this condition and the treatment protocol that we use in our institution.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/terapia , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/sangue , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/sangue , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Hidratação/métodos , Humanos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical features, laboratory data and fetal-maternal outcomes between 1000 women with obstetric APS (OAPS) and 640 with aPL-related obstetric complications not fulfilling Sydney criteria (non-criteria OAPS, NC-OAPS). METHODS: This was a retrospective and prospective multicentre study from the European Registry on Obstetric Antiphospholipid Syndrome. RESULTS: A total of 1650 women with 5251 episodes, 3601 of which were historical and 1650 latest episodes, were included. Altogether, 1000 cases (OAPS group) fulfilled the Sydney classification criteria and 650 (NC-OAPS group) did not. Ten NC-OAPS cases were excluded for presenting thrombosis during follow-up. All cases were classified as category I (triple positivity or double positivity for aPL) or category II (simple positivity). Overall, aPL laboratory categories showed significant differences: 29.20% in OAPS vs 17.96% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category I, and 70.8% in OAPS vs 82% in NC-OAPS (P < 0.0001) for category II. Significant differences were observed when current obstetric complications were compared (P < 0.001). However, major differences between groups were not observed in treatment rates, livebirths and thrombotic complications. In the NC-OAPS group, 176/640 (27.5%) did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup A), 175/640 (27.34%) had a low titre and/or non-persistent aPL positivity but did meet the clinical criteria (subgroup B) and 289/640 (45.15%) had a high aPL titre but did not fulfil Sydney clinical criteria (subgroup C). CONCLUSION: Significant clinical and laboratory differences were found between groups. Fetal-maternal outcomes were similar in both groups when treated. These results suggest that we could improve our clinical practice with better understanding of NC-OAPS patients.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA