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1.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 85, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shear wave elastography (SWE) is an ultrasound technique for the noninvasive quantification of tissue stiffness. The hypoxic tumor microenvironment promotes tumor stiffness and is associated with poor prognosis in cancer. We aimed to investigate the correlation between tumor hypoxia and histologic biomarkers and tumor stiffness measured by SWE in breast cancer. METHODS: From June 2016 to January 2018, 82 women with invasive breast cancer who underwent SWE before treatment were enrolled. Average tumor elasticity (Eaverage) and tumor-to-fat elasticity ratio (Eratio) were extracted from SWE. Immunohistochemical staining of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) was used to assess tumor hypoxia in breast cancer tissues and automated digital image analysis was performed to assess GLUT1 activities. Spearman correlation and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify associations between GLUT1 expression and SWE values, histologic biomarkers, and molecular subtypes. The Mann-Whitney U test, t test, or Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare SWE values and histologic features according to the GLUT1 expression (≤the median vs > median). RESULTS: Eaverage (r = 0.676) and Eratio (r = 0.411) correlated significantly with GLUT1 expression (both p <  0.001). Eaverage was significantly higher in cancers with estrogen receptor (ER)-, progesterone receptor (PR)-, Ki67+, and high-grade (p <  0.05). Eratio was higher in cancers with Ki67+, lymph node metastasis, and high-grade (p <  0.05). Cancers with high GLUT1 expression (>median) had higher Eaverage (mean, 85.4 kPa vs 125.5 kPa) and Eratio (mean, 11.7 vs 17.9), and more frequent ER- (21.7% vs 78.3%), PR- (26.4% vs 73.1%), Ki67+ (31.7%% vs 68.3%), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) + (25.0% vs 75.0%), high-grade (28.6% vs 71.4%), and HER2-overexpressing (25.0% vs 75.0%) and triple-negative (23.1% vs 76.9%) subtypes (p <  0.05). Multivariable analysis showed that Eaverage was independently associated with GLUT1 expression (p <  0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Tumor stiffness on SWE is significantly correlated with tumor hypoxia as well as histologic biomarkers. In particular, Eaverage on SWE has independent prognostic significance for tumor hypoxia in the multivariable analysis and can potentially be used as a noninvasive imaging biomarker to predict prognosis and pretreatment risk stratification in breast cancer patients.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(49): e23408, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285730

RESUMO

Even though chronic abdominal pain is 1 of the most common reasons for hospital visits, diagnostic testing is often time-consuming and treatment is inadequate. Abdominal myofascial pain syndrome (AMPS) is usually not included as a differential diagnosis, but it should be considered in cases of chronic abdominal pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of AMPS and to assess the effect of sonography-guided trigger point injections (TPI).A total of 100 patients with AMPS from 2012 to 2018 were retrospectively evaluated for clinical characteristics and TPI effects. AMPS was diagnosed using Srinivasan and Greenbaum's criteria, and the TPIs were performed at intervals of 2 to 4 weeks. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) ratio was calculated by subtracting the final VAS from the initial VAS score and dividing it by the initial VAS score after injections, and the patients were divided into 4 groups: non-responders, mild, moderate, and good responders.The median duration of pain was 12 months, and the median number of hospital visits before TPI was 2. Of the 100 patients, 66 (66%) were categorized as good responders, 11 (11%) as moderate responders, 7 (6.9%) as mild responders, and 16 (15.7%) as non-responders. When the initial and final VAS scores were compared, the sonography-guided injections were found to be effective in alleviating pain (P < .001). Moreover, patients who received the injections 2 or more times tended to have more significant pain reduction than those who received a single injection (P < .001).Patients with AMPS suffer from long-term pain and undergo many hospital visits and diagnostic tests. TPI with lidocaine can be an effective and safe treatment for patients with chronic AMPS.

3.
Skeletal Radiol ; 2020 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare inter-reader agreement and diagnostic confidence in detecting sacroiliitis by the modified New York criteria (mNY) on digital radiography (DR) versus digital pelvic tomosynthesis assisted DR (DR+DPT), and to evaluate changes in the presence of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) according to the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight patients who underwent both DR and DPT with suspicious axSpA in our rheumatologic clinic were included from February 2017 to February 2018. Three radiologists independently graded sacroiliitis and confidence level on DR first and then re-graded them on DPT in a paired manner. Agreement, confidence, and diagnostic accuracy were evaluated for readers. Changes in the presence of disease by mNY and ASAS criteria were assessed between DR alone and DR+DPT. RESULTS: On DR alone, 73 patients were assessed with radiographic sacroiliitis, and 85 were classified into axSpA by the ASAS criteria; however, 78 and 85, respectively, were classified on DR+DPT. With the assistance of DPT, 17 and 12 patients changed to the disease positivity according to the mNY and ASAS criteria, respectively; the negative results changed to positive in 11 and six patients, respectively. For all readers, agreement improved with DPT (0.79 to 0.89). DR+DPT achieved higher diagnostic accuracy (AUC, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The combination of DR and DPT achieved a higher diagnostic performance than that of DR alone, with better agreement. On DR+DPT, the diagnoses of 9.0% of patients with suspicious axSpA (12 of 134) were changed to the status of disease by the ASAS criteria.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785771

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the coronary vasodilation effects of spray with those induced by tablet administration in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). METHODS: A total of 2024 patients who underwent CCTA were identified for this retrospective study, including 828 patients with spray (spray group) and 1169 with tablets (tablet group). Of these, 93 patients underwent CCTA at least twice using both spray and tablets. The number of measurable segments and diameters of all 18 segments was measured. The number of measurable segments was compared between groups. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were evident between these two groups in terms of clinical characteristics. All coronary segments except the ramus intermedius (RI) and left posterior descending artery (L-PDA) were significantly larger in the spray group than in the tablet group (all p < 0.001). In peripheral and branch vessels, as well as in central and main coronary arteries, the diameters were significantly larger in the spray group than in the tablet group (all p < 0.001). Although not always statistically significant, all coronary segments tended to be more measurable on CCTA with spray than with tablet. In the subgroup that underwent CCTA twice using both spray and tablets, all coronary segments except the RI, obtuse marginal artery 2 (OM2), and L-PDA were significantly larger in the spray group than in the tablet group (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Lingual isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) spray was more efficacious than sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG) tablets in coronary vasodilation for CCTA. Therefore, lingual ISDN spray should be preferred over sublingual NTG tablets for CCTA. KEY POINTS: • Lingual ISDN spray was more efficacious than sublingual NTG tablet for coronary vasodilation in coronary CT angiography, even in elderly patients. • The diameters of all coronary segments except RI and L-PDA were significantly larger, and there were significantly more coronary segments greater than 1.5 mm, except RI and L-PDA, in the spray group than in the tablet group in the whole study group. • Even in peripheral and branch vessels, the diameters of coronary arteries were significantly larger in the spray group than in the tablet group, and they were also larger in elderly patients.

5.
Jpn J Radiol ; 38(12): 1179-1189, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility of computer tomography texture analysis (CTTA) at different energy level using dual-energy spectral detector CT for liver fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients who underwent a spectral CT examination and had a reference standard of liver fibrosis (histopathologic findings, n = 61, or clinical findings for normal, n = 26) were included. Mean gray-level intensity, mean number of positive pixels (MPP), entropy, skewness, and kurtosis using commercially available software (TexRAD) were compared at different energy levels. Optimal CTTA parameter cutoffs to diagnose liver fibrosis were evaluated. CTTA parameters at different energy levels correlated with liver fibrosis. The association of CTTA parameters with energy level was evaluated. RESULTS: Mean gray-level intensity, skewness, kurtosis, and entropy showed significant differences between patients with and without clinically significant hepatic fibrosis (P < 0.05). Mean gray-level intensity at 50 keV was significantly positively correlated with liver fibrosis (ρ = 0.502, P < 0.001). To diagnose stages F2-F4, entropy and mean gray-level intensity at low keV level showed the largest area under the curve (AUC; 0.79 and 0.79). Estimated marginal means (EMMs) of mean gray-level intensity showed prominent differences at low energy levels. CONCLUSION: CTTA parameters from different keV levels demonstrated meaningful accuracy for diagnosis of liver fibrosis or clinically significant hepatic fibrosis.

6.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 41(4): 102503, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vertigo in sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is hypothesized as an extension of the disease caused by the anatomical proximity of the cochlea and vestibule. The present study aimed to demonstrate the association of vestibular function test (VFT) results with SSNHL disease severity and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed clinical records of 263 SSNHL patients admitted to our hospital, between January 2010 and October 2017. Steroid treatment comprised high-dose intravenous dexamethasone (16 mg/d) or oral methylprednisolone (64 mg/d) for 4 days and tapered oral methylprednisolone for 8 days after discharge. Caloric tests were performed in all patients, and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (c-VEMP) and ocular VEMP (o-VEMP) tests were performed in 209 and 144 patients, respectively. RESULTS: Ninety six patients had vertigo, and caloric abnormalities were observed in 119 patients. Initial PTA in patients with vertigo were worse than in those without vertigo (63.0 dB vs 72.7 dB, P = .002). Initial PTA in patients with abnormal o-VEMP was worse than in those with normal o-VEMP (61.4 dB vs 73.0 dB, P = .004). PTA improvement after steroid treatment in patients with vertigo was lower than in those without vertigo (25.0 dB vs 20.9 dB, P = .028). PTA improvement after treatment in patients with abnormal caloric results was lower than in those with normal caloric results (26.0 dB vs 18.4 dB, P = .013). CONCLUSION: The functions of vestibular organs, particularly the utricle and lateral semicircular canal, are associated with disease severity and hearing outcome in SSNHL patients.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/etiologia , Vertigem/etiologia , Vestíbulo do Labirinto/fisiopatologia , Administração Oftálmica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Testes Calóricos , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Potenciais Evocados , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/tratamento farmacológico , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vertigem/diagnóstico , Vertigem/tratamento farmacológico , Vertigem/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Cancer Imaging ; 20(1): 32, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computer-aided detection (CAD) can detect breast lesions by using an enhancement threshold. Threshold means the percentage of increased signal intensity in post-contrast imaging compared to precontrast imaging. If the pixel value of the enhanced tumor increases above the set threshold, CAD provides the size of the tumor, which is calculated differently depending on the set threshold. Therefore, CAD requires the accurate setting of thresholds. We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of tumor size measurement using MRI and CAD with 3 most commonly used thresholds and to identify which threshold is appropriate on CAD in breast cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 130 patients with breast cancers (80 invasive cancers and 50 ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) who underwent preoperative MRI with CAD and surgical treatment were included. Tumor size was manually measured on first contrast-enhanced MRI and acquired by CAD using 3 different thresholds (30, 50, and 100%) for each tumor. Tumor size measurements using MRI and CAD were compared with pathological sizes using Spearman correlation analysis. For comparison of size discrepancy between imaging and pathology, concordance was defined as estimation of size by imaging within 5 mm of the pathological size. Concordance rates were compared using Chi-square test. RESULTS: For both invasive cancers and DCIS, correlation coefficient rho (r) between tumor size on imaging and pathology was highest at CAD with 30% threshold, followed by MRI, CAD with 50% threshold, and CAD with 100% threshold (all p <  0.05). For invasive cancers, the concordance rate of 72.5% at CAD with 30% threshold showed no difference with that of 62.5% at MRI (p = 0.213). For DCIS, the concordance rate of 30.0% at CAD with 30% threshold showed no difference with that of 36.0% at MRI (p = 0.699). Compared to MRI, higher risk of underestimation was noted when using CAD with 50% or 100% threshold for invasive cancers and when using CAD with 100% threshold for DCIS. CONCLUSION: For CAD analysis, 30% threshold is the most appropriate threshold whose accuracy is comparable to manual measurement on MRI for tumor size measurement. However, clinicians should be aware of the higher risk of underestimation when using CAD with 50% threshold for tumor staging in invasive cancers.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Computador , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Clin Biochem ; 80: 19-24, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a known risk factor of cancer development, including inflammation-driven leukemogenesis. Evaluation of inflammation-related cytokines in early diagnosis stages is crucial to understand the development of hematologic malignancy. Our aim was to measure three cytokines- neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE) in bone marrow (BM) samples from patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancy and compare these measurements with the control. Additionally, we evaluated whether NGAL was significantly associated with sRAGE, VEGF, and several hematological parameters. METHODS: BM samples were collected from 73 patients, who were classified into myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), plasma cell neoplasm (PCN) and control groups according to the BM smear and pathology review. An immunoassay, a Luminex assay, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to quantitate NGAL, VEGF, and sRAGE, respectively, while all measurements of NGAL, VEGF and sRAGE were performed on BM supernatants. Data on hematological parameters were collected from medical records. Intergroup comparisons were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis H-test and Pearson Chi-Square test. Single and multiple regression analyses were performed to analyze the relationships among the parameters. RESULTS: The independent factors associated with NGAL were neutrophil counts and VEGF. As for both NGAL and VEGF, the MPN (n = 23) group showed the highest level, while the MDS (n = 12) group showed low levels. NGAL levels in the AML (n = 13) and MDS groups were lower than in the control group (n = 14). The MPN group demonstrated higher VEGF levels than the AML and MDS groups. The MDS group showed lower VEGF levels than the PCN (n = 11) group. No statistical difference between the hematologic malignancy and control groups or among the hematologic malignancy groups was observed for sRAGE levels. CONCLUSION: NGAL was related to neutrophil count and VEGF. NGAL and VEGF showed similar intergroup patterns, reflecting that NGAL was associated with VEGF.

9.
Respir Care ; 65(9): 1276-1284, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is rapidly increasing without clear indications, creating the potential for overuse or misuse and the accompanying risk of adverse events. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with HFNC failure by examining the current clinical practice of HFNC. METHODS: From July 1, 2017, to June 30, 2018, in 5 university-affiliated hospitals in the Republic of Korea, a total of 1,161 admitted adult subjects who had HFNC administered were retrospectively enrolled and their medical records were reviewed. RESULTS: Pulmonary diseases including pneumonia (n = 757, 65.2%) were the most common reason for use of HFNC. Subjects with do-not-resuscitate (DNR) or do-not-intubate (DNI) orders comprised 33.8% of the study population (n = 392); 563 subjects (48.5%) were escalated directly to HFNC from low-flow devices without applying reservoir or other high-flow devices. In the non-DNR/DNI subjects, arterial blood gas was not monitored in 15.2% and 14.8% of subjects before and after HFNC application, respectively, and it was not monitored in 28.0% just before HFNC weaning. The HFNC failure rate was 27.0% in non-DNR/DNI subjects, and the HFNC failure was significantly associated with the decision by residents to apply HFNC (odds ratio [OR] 2.03, 95% CI 1.29-3.18, P = .002), high breathing frequency (OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.04-1.10, P < .001) ≤ 6 h before HFNC application, low [Formula: see text] (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.89-0.95, P < .001) ≤ 6 h before HFNC application, low [Formula: see text] (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.93-0.98, P < .001) ≤ 6 h before HFNC application, and the ratio of [Formula: see text]/[Formula: see text] to breathing frequency (ROX index) ≤ 6 h after HFNC application (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.84-0.92, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: HFNC was practiced without applying reservoir or other high-flow devices before application and without appropriate arterial blood gas monitoring during HFNC therapy. HFNC failure was significantly associated with the decision by the resident to use HFNC, breathing frequency, [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text] ≤ 6 h before HFNC application, and with the ROX index ≤ 6 h after HFNC application.

10.
Radiology ; 295(1): 24-34, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013793

RESUMO

Background Radiogenomic investigations for breast cancer provide an understanding of tumor heterogeneity and discover image phenotypes of genetic variation. However, there is little research on the correlations between US features of breast cancer and whole-transcriptome profiling. Purpose To explore US phenotypes reflecting genetic alteration relevant to breast cancer treatment and prognosis by comparing US images of tumor with their RNA sequencing results. Materials and Methods From January to October 2016, B-mode and vascular US images in 31 women (mean age, 49 years ± 9 [standard deviation]) with breast cancer were prospectively analyzed. B-mode features included size, shape, echo pattern, orientation, margin, and calcifications. Vascular features were evaluated by using microvascular US and contrast agent-enhanced US: vascular index, vessel morphologic features, distribution, penetrating vessels, enhancement degree, order, margin, internal homogeneity, and perfusion defect. RNA sequencing was conducted with total RNA obtained from a surgical specimen by using next-generation sequencing. US features were compared with gene expression profiles, and ingenuity pathway analysis was used to analyze gene networks, enriched functions, and canonical pathways associated with breast cancer. The P value for differential expression was extracted by using a parametric F test comparing nested linear models. Results Thirteen US features were associated with various patterns of 340 genes (P < .05). Nonparallel orientation at B-mode US was associated with upregulation of TFF1 (log twofold change [log2FC] = 4.0; P < .001), TFF3 (log2FC = 2.5; P < .001), AREG (log2FC = 2.6; P = .005), and AGR3 (log2FC = 2.6; P = .003). Complex vessel morphologic structure was associated with upregulation of FZD8 (log2FC = 2.0; P = .01) and downregulation of IGF1R (log2FC = -2.0; P = .006) and CRIPAK (log2FC = -2.4; P = .01). The top networks with regard to orientation or vessel morphologic structure were associated with cell cycle, death, and proliferation. Conclusion Compared with RNA sequencing, B-mode and vascular US features reflected genomic alterations associated with hormone receptor status, angiogenesis, or prognosis in breast cancer. © RSNA, 2020 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Genômica , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 73, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posterior lumbar fusion is a widely accepted surgical technique; however, it has been related to the possibility of paraspinal muscle atrophy after surgery. We investigated 1-year postoperative changes in paraspinal muscle volume using a simple formula applicable to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: Patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis who underwent posterior interbody fusion (PLIF) at the L4/5 level in the period from May 2010 to June 2017 were enrolled in this study. Radiologic parameters were measured using MRI or CT images which were taken before surgery and at 1 year after surgery. The volume of the paraspinal muscles was calculated using a simple formula which was derived from the formula for calculating the volume of truncated elliptic cones. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients were included; 24 were analyzed using MRI and 16 were analyzed using CT. The mean age of the patients was 59.6 ± 12.1 years and 32 (80.5%) were female. When comparing the preoperative and 1-year-postoperative images, multifidus muscle (MF) reduction was consistently observed in the MRI and CT groups, right and left (p = 0.003, p < 0.001, p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively). In the erector spinae (ES) group, decrease in muscle volume was observed in the right-sided muscles of the CT group (p < 0.001), but no significant change was observed in the MRI group. The psoas muscle showed no significant change after 1 year. Conversely, regression analysis showed a negative correlation between MF muscle volume loss and age in the MRI group (right and left, p = 0.002 and p = 0.015, respectively), that is, the younger the age, the greater loss of muscle mass. CONCLUSION: After the posterior lumbar fusion, the volume of the MF muscles was markedly decreased, and the degree of decrease was apparent in the MRI. The volume of the ES muscles, which are located relatively laterally, also tended to decrease at 1 year after surgery.


Assuntos
Atrofia Muscular/diagnóstico , Músculos Paraespinais/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atrofia Muscular/etiologia , Atrofia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
12.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 34(6): e23253, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a urine biomarker related to acute renal injury. Whereas several studies have evaluated NGAL levels in hematological malignancy, using peripheral blood (PB). Recently, bone marrow (BM) NGAL level was reported to be higher than PB NGAL level in individuals with hematological malignancy, suggesting that BM NGAL would reflect BM microenvironment better than PB NGAL. We measured BM NGAL levels in patients with hematological malignancy, comparing those with NGAL levels in normal BM. We evaluated the association of BM NGAL with hematological parameters including neutrophil counts. METHODS: BM samples were collected from 107 patients who underwent BM examination. Immunoassays were used to assess NGAL levels. Data on hematological parameters were collected from medical records. Intergroup comparisons were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis H test and Pearson chi-square test. Single and multiple regression analyses were performed to analyze the relationships. RESULTS: The independent factors that affected the BM NGAL level were neutrophil counts and BM band neutrophil%, while neutrophil count was the main influencing factor. The acute myeloid leukemia (n = 18) and myelodysplastic syndrome (n = 25) groups showed statistically lower BM NGAL levels than patients with normal BM. The myeloproliferative neoplasm group (n = 34) showed higher BM NGAL levels than patients with normal BM, but this difference was not statistically significant. Neutrophil counts and BM band neutrophil% showed intergroup patterns similar to those of BM NGAL levels. CONCLUSION: BM NGAL was related to neutrophil count and BM band neutrophil%, showing different levels according to hematological malignant disease entities.

13.
Int J Stroke ; 15(2): 188-196, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular wall motion abnormality (LVWMA) unrelated to known cardiac risk factors is an uncertain risk for stroke. AIMS: We evaluated whether LVWMA was associated with cryptogenic stroke. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included 4316 acute ischemic stroke patients, and the association between cryptogenic stroke and LVWMA was examined in comparison with other stroke subtypes. RESULTS: The prevalence of LVWMA was 10.0% in the study population. In a fully adjusted, binary logistic regression, LVWMA was independently associated with cryptogenic stroke compared with stroke from large artery atherosclerosis (odds ratio = 1.627, 95% confidence interval = 1.129-2.345), small vessel occlusion (odds ratio = 1.948, 95% confidence interval = 1.261-3.010), or other causes (odds ratio = 4.950, 95% confidence interval = 1.145-21.412). Meanwhile, the association of LVWMA with cryptogenic stroke was similar to the associations of LVWMA with cardioembolic stroke (odds ratio = 0.758, 95% confidence interval = 0.525-1.094) and stroke with two or more causes (odds ratio = 0.992, 95% confidence interval = 0.609-1.615). In multinomial regression, LVWMA had the strongest association with cardioembolic stroke, followed by cryptogenic stroke and stroke from two or more causes. The strength of the associations with LVWMA then decreased sequentially in patients with large artery atherosclerosis, small vessel occlusion, and other causes. CONCLUSIONS: The association of LVWMA with cryptogenic stroke was comparable to that of LVWMA with cardioembolic stroke but stronger than that of LVWMA with non-cardioembolic stroke. LVWMA unrelated to known cardiac risk factors could be considered an independent risk factor for cryptogenic stroke.

14.
Eur Radiol ; 30(2): 735-743, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sirolimus has beneficial effects on lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) lung cysts in CT with long-term follow-up (FU) and to investigate whether CT is an appropriate imaging biomarker to monitor and evaluate LAM progression. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 73 female patients diagnosed with definite LAM between May 2001 and June 2018 were included. Among these, 39 (53.4%) were treated with sirolimus. Quantitative and qualitative CT scoring for lung cysts (CS) were performed and compared between time points (baseline vs. FU at starting sirolimus, baseline vs. last FU, and FU at starting sirolimus vs. last FU for patients treated with sirolimus; baseline vs. last FU for patients without sirolimus). The correlation between CS at each time point and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) at each time point in the patients treated with sirolimus was also investigated. The quantitative and qualitative analyses and PFT results were compared between time points. RESULTS: In both quantitative and qualitative analyses, CS significantly increased from baseline to FU after starting sirolimus, and from baseline to last FU (all p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant difference between scores at the start of sirolimus vs. last in the patients treated with sirolimus. After sirolimus treatment, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was significantly increased. There were significant correlations between CS at each time point and PFT (correlation coefficient [r], - 0.383-0.935; all p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with LAM benefited from sirolimus. CT could be a useful imaging biomarker for evaluating and monitoring lung cysts in LAM. KEY POINTS: • Qualitative analysis showed a total of 15.8% to 21.1% of patients had a reduced lung cyst volume after sirolimus treatment, and in quantitative analysis, there was no significant difference in lung cyst volume between CT at the start of sirolimus therapy and the last CT. • Pulmonary function was also improved or maintained after sirolimus treatment. • Chest CT could be a useful imaging biomarker for evaluating and monitoring lung cysts in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cistos/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Linfangioleiomiomatose/tratamento farmacológico , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cistos/complicações , Cistos/diagnóstico por imagem , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfangioleiomiomatose/complicações , Linfangioleiomiomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 145561319873907, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565998

RESUMO

Sound therapy is a treatment modality for tinnitus patients by increasing the background neuronal activity in the auditory system and inducing relative alleviation of the tinnitus. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of natural ocean sound exposure and ocean-side relaxation in chronic tinnitus patients. We prospectively enrolled all 18 chronic tinnitus patients (≥6 months) from July to November 2018. All patients completed 90 hours of our programs. The improvement in their subjective tinnitus severity, moods, the quality of life, and sleep was serially assessed using several questionnaires at baseline, immediately, and 1 month after the program. Changes in serum stress hormone levels of the patients were also compared between the baseline and immediately after the program. Average total Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire score and factor 2 (hearing difficulty related to tinnitus) score significantly improved over time (P = .024 and P = .002). Patient's serum cortisol and epinephrine level did not show significant decrease, and serum norepinephrine and serotonin level significantly increased immediately after our program (P < .001 and P < .001). Natural ocean sound exposure and ocean-side relaxation for short-term period has a potential efficacy on chronic tinnitus patients.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14153, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578437

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the relationship between the capillary abnormalities including nonperfusion area (NPA) in optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) images and the recurrence of macular edema (ME) secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) after intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF; bevacizumab). The records of 40 patients who underwent intravitreal bevacizumab injection for ME secondary to BRVO and had at least six months of follow-up were reviewed. Central retinal thickness (CRT; µm) and macular edema type were evaluated prior to treatment. After ME resolution, nonperfusion areas in the 1 mm (NPA1) and 1-3 mm (NPA3) zones on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) circle within the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and deep capillary plexus (DCP) were measured using OCTA images. Furthermore, other microvascular abnormalities in the both SCP and DCP were compared between groups. ME recurred in 25 of 40 (62.5%) eyes. The NPA1 of the SCP and DCP (p = 0.002, 0.004, respectively), NPA3 of the SCP and DCP (p = 0.002, 0.008, respectively), and initial CRT (p = 0.022) differed significantly between eyes with and without ME recurrence. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the NPA1 of the DCP (OR: 344.718; p = 0.029) and NPA3 of the SCP (OR: 4.072; p = 0.018) were significantly associated with ME recurrence. Other microvascular abnormalities were not significantly different between two groups. The central NPA and parafoveal NPA of the SCP in OCTA images correlated strongly with ME recurrence in BRVO patients after intravitreal anti-VEGF injection.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Edema Macular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/complicações , Idoso , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Angiografia , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravítreas , Edema Macular/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Oclusão da Veia Retiniana/tratamento farmacológico , Vasos Retinianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
17.
Korean J Radiol ; 20(7): 1195-1206, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of model-based iterative reconstruction (MIR) for volume measurement of part-solid nodules (PSNs) and solid nodules (SNs) in comparison with filtered back projection (FBP) or hybrid iterative reconstruction (HIR) at various radiation dose settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT scanning was performed for eight different diameters of PSNs and SNs placed in the phantom at five radiation dose levels (120 kVp/100 mAs, 120 kVp/50 mAs, 120 kVp/20 mAs, 120 kVp/10 mAs, and 80 kVp/10 mAs). Each CT scan was reconstructed using FBP, HIR, or MIR with three different image definitions (body routine level 1 [IMR-R1], body soft tissue level 1 [IMR-ST1], and sharp plus level 1 [IMR-SP1]; Philips Healthcare). The SN and PSN volumes including each solid/ground-glass opacity portion were measured semi-automatically, after which absolute percentage measurement errors (APEs) of the measured volumes were calculated. Image noise was calculated to assess the image quality. RESULTS: Across all nodules and dose settings, the APEs were significantly lower in MIR than in FBP and HIR (all p < 0.01). The APEs of the smallest inner solid portion of the PSNs (3 mm) and SNs (3 mm) were the lowest when MIR (IMR-R1 and IMR-ST1) was used for reconstruction for all radiation dose settings. (IMR-R1 and IMR-ST1 at 120 kVp/100 mAs, 1.06 ± 1.36 and 8.75 ± 3.96, p < 0.001; at 120 kVp/50 mAs, 1.95 ± 1.56 and 5.61 ± 0.85, p = 0.002; at 120 kVp/20 mAs, 2.88 ± 3.68 and 5.75 ± 1.95, p = 0.001; at 120 kVp/10 mAs, 5.57 ± 6.26 and 6.32 ± 2.91, p = 0.091; at 80 kVp/10 mAs, 5.84 ± 1.96 and 6.90 ± 3.31, p = 0.632). Image noise was significantly lower in MIR than in FBP and HIR for all radiation dose settings (120 kVp/100 mAs, 3.22 ± 0.66; 120 kVp/50 mAs, 4.19 ± 1.37; 120 kVp/20 mAs, 5.49 ± 1.16; 120 kVp/10 mAs, 6.88 ± 1.91; 80 kVp/10 mAs, 12.49 ± 6.14; all p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: MIR was the most accurate algorithm for volume measurements of both PSNs and SNs in comparison with FBP and HIR at low-dose as well as standard-dose settings. Specifically, MIR was effective in the volume measurement of the smallest PSNs and SNs.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagens de Fantasmas , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Doses de Radiação
18.
Korean J Radiol ; 20(5): 759-772, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993927

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of ultrasound (US) microflow assessment in distinguishing malignant from benign solid breast masses as well as the association between US parameters and histologic microvessel density (MVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight breast masses (57 benign and 41 malignant) were examined using Superb Microvascular Imaging (SMI) and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS) before biopsy. Two radiologists evaluated the quantitative and qualitative vascular parameters on SMI (vascular index, morphology, distribution, and penetration) and CEUS (time-intensity curve analysis and enhancement characteristics). US parameters were compared between benign and malignant masses and the diagnostic performance was compared between SMI and CEUS. Subgroup analysis was performed according to lesion size. The effect of vascular parameters on downgrading Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 4A masses was evaluated. The association between histologic MVD and US parameters was analyzed. RESULTS: Malignant masses were associated with a higher vascular index (15.1 ± 7.3 vs. 5.9 ± 5.6), complex vessel morphology (82.9% vs. 42.1%), central vascularity (95.1% vs. 59.6%), penetrating vessels (80.5% vs. 31.6%) on SMI (all, p < 0.001), as well as higher peak intensity (37.1 ± 25.7 vs. 17.0 ± 15.8, p < 0.001), slope (10.6 ± 11.2 vs. 3.9 ± 4.2, p = 0.001), area (1035.7 ± 726.9 vs. 458.2 ± 410.2, p < 0.001), hyperenhancement (95.1% vs. 70.2%, p = 0.005), centripetal enhancement (70.7% vs. 45.6%, p = 0.023), penetrating vessels (65.9% vs. 22.8%, p < 0.001), and perfusion defects (31.7% vs. 3.5%, p < 0.001) on CEUS (p ≤ 0.023). The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUCs) of SMI and CEUS were 0.853 and 0.841, respectively (p = 0.803). In 19 masses measuring < 10 mm, central vascularity on SMI was associated with malignancy (100% vs. 38.5%, p = 0.018). Considering all benign SMI parameters on the BI-RADS assessment, unnecessary biopsies could be avoided in 12 category 4A masses with improved AUCs (0.500 vs. 0.605, p < 0.001). US vascular parameters associated with malignancy showed higher MVD (p ≤ 0.016). MVD was higher in malignant masses than in benign masses, and malignant masses negative for estrogen receptor or positive for Ki67 had higher MVD (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: US microflow assessment using SMI and CEUS is valuable in distinguishing malignant from benign solid breast masses, and US vascular parameters are associated with histologic MVD.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Mama/patologia , Microvasos/patologia , Ultrassonografia , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste/química , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Adulto Jovem
19.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 44(7): 2346-2356, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30923842

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of using computed tomography texture analysis (CTTA) parameters for predicting malignant risk grade and mitosis index of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), compared with visual inspection. METHOD AND MATERIALS: CTTA was performed on portal phase CT images of 145 surgically confirmed GISTs (mean size: 42.9 ± 37.5 mm), using TexRAD software. Mean, standard deviation, entropy, mean of positive pixels (MPP), skewness, and kurtosis of CTTA parameters, on spatial scaling factor (SSF), 2-6 were compared by risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis on visual inspection. CTTA parameters were correlated with risk grade. Diagnostic performance was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Enhancement pattern, necrosis, heterogeneity, calcification, growth pattern, and mucosal ulceration were subjectively evaluated by two observers. RESULTS: Three to four parameters at different scales were significantly different according to the risk grade, mitosis rate, and the presence or absence of necrosis (p < 0.041). MPP at fine or medium scale (r = - 0.547 to - 393) and kurtosis at coarse scale (r = 0.424-0.454) correlated significantly with risk grade (p < 0.001). HG-GIST was best differentiated from LG-GIST by MPP at SSF 2 (AUC, 0.782), and kurtosis at SSF 4 (AUC, 0.779) (all p < 0.001). CT features predictive of HG-GIST were density lower than or equal to that of the erector spinae muscles on enhanced images (OR 2.1; p = 0.037; AUC, 0.59), necrosis (OR, 6.1; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.70), heterogeneity (OR, 4.3; p < 0.001; AUC, 0.67), and mucosal ulceration (OR, 3.3; p = 0.002; AUC, 0.62). CONCLUSION: Using TexRAD, MPP and kurtosis are feasible in predicting risk grade and mitosis index of GISTs. CTTA demonstrated meaningful accuracy in preoperative risk stratification of GISTs.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Trato Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
20.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 28(2): e12961, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421577

RESUMO

We evaluated the dietary habits of breast cancer survivors and investigated the relationship with quality of life (QoL), with 1,156 survivors recruited from 17 institutions. We used the Questionnaire Survey of Dietary Habits of Korean Adults (Q-DH-KOR) comprising 25 questions. The following indices were derived as follows: (1) quality of healthy dietary habits (Q-HD)-eight questions on number of meals, regularity, quantity, duration, skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s), overeating and late-night snacks; (2) habits of nutritional balance (H-NB)-questions on consuming five food categories (grains, fruits, proteins, vegetables and dairy products); and (3) habits of unhealthy foods (H-UF)-questions on consuming three food categories (fatty, instant and fast foods). The times and regularity of meals, frequency of skipping breakfast, dinner with companion(s) and overeating were better in groups with high symptomatic and functional QoL. Symptomatic QoL positively affected Q-HD and H-NB (p < 0.001 and p = 0.024 respectively) and negatively affected H-UF (p = 0.02). Breast cancer survivors more frequently ate from the fruit, protein and vegetable categories than did the control group, with lower H-UF and higher Q-HD values (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001 respectively). Our findings supported the relationship between QoL and dietary habit and showed healthier dietary habits of breast cancer survivors than controls.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Saudável/etnologia , Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares/etnologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , República da Coreia/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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