Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 95
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977008

RESUMO

AIMS: Potent P2Y12 inhibitors for dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is crucial for managing acute myocardial infarction, however, the selection of drugs is based on limited clinical information such as age and body weight. The current study sought to develop and validate a new risk scoring system that can be used to guide the selection of potent P2Y12 inhibitors by balancing ischemic benefit and bleeding risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Derivation cohort of 10,687 patients who participated in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health study was used to construct a new scoring system. We combined the ischemic and bleeding models to establish a simple clinical prediction score. Among the low score group (n = 1,764), the observed bleeding risk (8.7% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.001) due to potent P2Y12 inhibitors exceeded ischemic benefit (1.3% vs. 2.2%, P = 0.185) during 12 months. Conversely, the high score group (n = 1,898) showed an overall benefit from taking potent P2Y12 inhibitors from the standpoint of observed ischemic (17.1% vs. 8.6%, P < 0.001) and bleeding events (10.1% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.073). The performance of ischemic (integrated area under the curve [iAUC] = 0.809) and bleeding model (iAUC = 0.655) was deemed to be acceptable. CONCLUSION: The new scoring system is a useful clinical tool for guiding DAPT by balancing ischemic benefit and bleeding risk, especially among Asian populations. Further validation studies with other cohorts will be required to verify that the new system meets the needs of real clinical practice.

2.
Korean J Intern Med ; 35(1): 119-132, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. METHODS: Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). RESULTS: A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. CONCLUSION: Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

3.
J Cardiol ; 75(1): 66-73, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after acute coronary syndrome remains uncertain. This study investigated the benefit of DAPT beyond 12 months after drug-eluting stents (DES) for acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 6199 patients treated with DAPT for 12 months after DES (second-generation DES 98%) without ischemic or bleeding events were analyzed. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a composite of death from any cause, MI, or ischemic stroke during the period from 12 to 24 months. RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received DAPT beyond 12 months (n=4795), compared to patients treated with 12-month DAPT (n=1404), had a similar incidence of MACCE (1.3% vs. 1.0%, HR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.71-2.45, p=0.378). The 2 groups did not differ significantly in the rates of death (0.1% vs. 0.1%), MI (0.8% vs.0.6%), stent thrombosis (0.1% vs. 0.2%), ischemic stroke (0.4% vs. 0.2%), and major bleeding (0.1% vs. 0.1%). The rate of net adverse clinical events was 1.4% with DAPT beyond 12 months and 1.1% with 12-month DAPT (p=0.466). CONCLUSIONS: DAPT beyond 12 months, as compared with 12-month DAPT, in real-world patients with acute MI treated predominantly with second-generation DES did not reduce the risk of MACCE. The rates of major bleeding and net adverse clinical events did not differ significantly between the 2 treatments.

4.
Korean Circ J ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months. RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31-3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924). CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.

5.
Int Heart J ; 60(6): 1284-1292, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735782

RESUMO

The efficacy of pre-procedural beta-blocker use in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is not well established in the current percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. We investigate the effect of pre-procedural beta-blocker use on clinical outcomes in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. Among 44,967 consecutive cases of PCI enrolled in the nationwide, retrospective, multicenter registry (K-PCI registry), 31,040 patients with ACS were selected and analyzed. We classified patients into pre-procedural beta-blocker group (n = 8,678) and pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (n = 22,362) according to the use of beta-blockers at least for two weeks before index PCI. Propensity score-matching analysis was performed and resulted in 7,445 pairs. The primary outcome was in-hospital cardiac death. In propensity score-matched populations, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group (1.1% versus 2.0%, unadjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.42-0.73, P < 0.01). In subgroup analysis, the pre-procedural beta-blocker group had a lower incidence of in-hospital cardiac death, compared with the pre-procedural no-beta-blocker group in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (3.1% versus 6.1%, unadjusted OR: 0.49, 95% CI: 0.34-0.71, P < 0.01) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction subpopulation (1.5% versus 2.9%, unadjusted OR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.33-0.79, P < 0.01). However, in unstable angina subpopulation, the in-hospital cardiac death rate was comparable between both groups. In conclusion, the use of pre-procedural beta-blocker was associated with a lower risk of in-hospital cardiac death in patients with ACS undergoing PCI. This result adds to the body of evidence that use of pre-procedural beta-blocker in patients with ACS might be reasonable.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pré-Medicação , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Circulation ; 140(23): 1865-1877, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Owing to the differential propensity for bleeding and ischemic events with response to antiplatelet therapy, the safety and effectiveness of potent P2Y12 inhibitor ticagrelor in East Asian populations remain uncertain. METHODS: In this multicenter trial, 800 Korean patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndromes with or without ST elevation and intended for invasive management were randomly assigned to receive, in a 1:1 ratio, ticagrelor (180 mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) or clopidogrel (600 mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter). The primary safety outcome was clinically significant bleeding (a composite of major bleeding or minor bleeding according to PLATO (Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes) criteria at 12 months. RESULTS: At 12 months, the incidence of clinically significant bleeding was significantly higher in the ticagrelor group than in the clopidogrel group (11.7% [45/400] vs 5.3% [21/400]; hazard ratio [HR], 2.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34 to 3.79; P=0.002). The incidences of major bleeding (7.5% [29/400] vs 4.1% [16/400], P=0.04) and fatal bleeding (1% [4/400] vs 0%, P=0.04) were also higher in the ticagrelor group. The incidence of death from cardiovascular causes, myocardial infarction, or stroke was not significantly different between the ticagrelor group and the clopidogrel group (9.2% [36/400] vs 5.8% [23/400]; HR, 1.62; 95% CI, 0.96 to 2.74; P=0.07). Overall safety and effectiveness findings were similar with the use of several different analytic methods and in multiple subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: In Korean acute coronary syndrome patients intended to receive early invasive management, standard-dose ticagrelor as compared with clopidogrel was associated with a higher incidence of clinically significant bleeding. The numerically higher incidence of ischemic events should be interpreted with caution, given the present trial was underpowered to draw any conclusion regarding efficacy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02094963.

7.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(10): 1493-1500, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547996

RESUMO

The study compared the 2-year outcomes of patients diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) triggered by coronary artery atherosclerosis and AMI caused by coronary artery spasm. A total of 36,797 patients in the Korea AMI Registry were grouped into 2 categories-(1) AMI due to coronary artery spasm without stenotic lesion (CAS-AMI, n = 484); and (2) AMI induced by coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAA-AMI, n = 36,313). The major clinical outcomes of the 2 groups were compared over a 2-year clinical follow-up period. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as the composite of total death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization. The incidence of MACE (7.1% vs 11.1%; p = 0.007) and repeat revascularization (0.4% vs 4.2%; p <0.001) in the CAS-AMI group were significantly lower than in the CAA-AMI group at 2 years. However, the incidence of total death and nonfatal myocardial infarction was similar in both the groups. Aborted cardiac arrest was strongly associated with 2-year mortality in the CAS-AMI group (hazard ratios 13.5, 95% confidence interval 5.34 to 34.15, p <0.001) The incidence of MACE in CAS-AMI patients was significantly lower than in the CAA-AMI group of patients up to 2 years due to the relatively lower rate of repeat revascularization in CAS-AMI patients. However, the incidence of total death or nonfatal myocardial infarction in CAS-AMI patients was not different from that of patients with CAA-AMI.

8.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0217525, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Beneficial effects of overweight and obesity on mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have been described as "Body Mass Index (BMI) paradox". However, the effects of BMI is still on debate. We analyzed the association between BMI and 1-year clinical outcomes after AMI. METHODS: Among 13,104 AMI patients registered in Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015, 10,568 patients who eligible for this study were classified into 3 groups according to BMI (Group 1; < 22 kg/m2, 22 ≤ Group 2 < 26 kg/m2, Group 3; ≥ 26 kg/m2). The primary end point was all cause death at 1 year. RESULTS: Over the median follow-up of 12 months, the event of primary end point occurred more frequently in the Group 1 patients than in the Group 3 patients (primary endpoint: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.537; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.177 to 2.007, p = 0.002). Especially, cardiac death played a major role in this effect (aHR, 1.548; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.128 to 2.124, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Higher BMI appeared to be good prognostic factor on 1-year all cause death after AMI. This result suggests that higher BMI or obesity might confer a protective advantage over the life-quality after AMI.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Obesidade/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Korean Circ J ; 49(8): 709-720, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diffuse long coronary artery disease (DLCAD) still has unfavorable clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES; Resolute™ Integrity) for patients with DLCAD. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2014, 1,011 patients who underwent PCI using R-ZES for CAD with longer than 25 mm lesion were prospectively enrolled from 21 hospitals in Korea. We assessed the clinical outcome of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months. RESULTS: Mean age was 63.8±10.8 years, 701 (69.3%) patients were male, 572 (87.0%) patients had hypertension, 339 (33.8%) patients had diabetes, 549 (54.3%) patients diagnosed with acute MI and 545 (53.9%) patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). A total of 1,697 stents were implanted into a total of 1,472 lesions. The mean diameter was 3.07±0.38 mm and the length was 28.27±6.97 mm. Multiple overlapping stents were performed in 205 (13.8%) lesions. A 12-month clinical follow-up was available in 1,004 patients (99.3%). The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12-month were 3.0% and 0.3% respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, multiple overlapping stents implantation, previous congestive heart failure, MVD, and age ≥75 years were independent predictors of one-year MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that R-ZES has an excellent 1-year clinical outcome in Korean patients with DLCAD.

10.
Korean Circ J ; 49(10): 960-972, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute myocardial infarction-related heart failure (HF) is associated with poor outcome. This study was designed to investigate the usefulness of global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS) and mean longitudinal strain of left anterior descending artery territory (LSant) measured by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D STE) in prediction of acute anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (ant-STEMI)-related HF. METHODS: A total of 171 patients with ant-STEMI who underwent successful primary coronary intervention and had available 2D STE data were enrolled. Patients were divided into 3 groups: in-hospital HF, post-discharge HF, and no-HF groups. RESULTS: In-hospital and post-discharge HF developed in 39 (22.8%) and 13 (7.6%) of patients, respectively and 113 patients (69.6%) remained without HF. Multivariate analysis showed that GLS was the only factor significantly associated with the development of in-hospital HF. For post-discharge HF, LSant was the only independent predictor. Other echocardiographic or laboratory parameters did not show independent association with the development of ant-STEMI-related HF. CONCLUSIONS: GLS is a powerful echocardiographic parameter related to development of in-hospital HF and LSant was significantly associated with post-discharge HF in patients with successfully reperfused ant-STEMI.

11.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808127

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are catecholamine-producing tumors that can cause blood pressure (BP) elevation and cardiovascular complications. Clinical presentation of these tumors may be changed through widespread use of imaging studies, which enables detection of PPGLs before onset of symptoms. We investigated clinical profiles of patients with surgically resected PPGLs. Methods: From 2005 to 2017, 111 consecutive patients with surgically resected PPGLs in two tertiary hospitals in Korea were studied. Results: Mean age was 52 ± 16 years, 57 patients (51.4%) were male and 54 (48.6%) were hypertensive. Twenty-nine PPGLs (26.1%) were extra-adrenal paragangliomas. Sixteen (14.4%) and seven patients (6.3%) (Group 1, n = 23) were diagnosed during work-up of hypertension and transient cardiomyopathy respectively, and the remainder (Group 2, n = 88) were incidentalomas detected during routine abdominal imaging. Patients in the Group 1 were younger and more frequently symptomatic, and had higher BPs, heart rates and levels of urinary catecholamines than those in the Group 2. Paragangliomas were less frequent and secretion of epinephrine and metanephrine was more predominant in the Group 1 than in Group 2. After the surgical resections, 18.2% of patients still needed antihypertensive medications. Conclusions: Out of 111 patients with surgically resected PPGLs, 88 (79.3%) were diagnosed as incidentalomas. Seven patients presented with transient cardiomyopathy and 16 with hypertension. Tumor location and secretion of catecholamine may vary depending on the presence of symptoms.

12.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(2): 95-102, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of immediate multivessel coronary intervention (MVI) remain controversial in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease (MVD). This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of immediate MVI compared with culprit-vessel intervention only (CVI-O) in diverse subgroups with STEMI and MVD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared immediate MVI (n=260) and CVI-O (n=931) regarding 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates for cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), and repeat revascularization in 1191 STEMI patients with MVD using data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institutes of Health registry (2011-2015). High-risk patients and those who underwent a staged procedure were excluded from the analysis. Furthermore, propensity score matching and stratified subgroup analyses were performed. RESULTS: Immediate MVI and CVI-O groups had similar 1-year major adverse cardiac event rates [7.7 vs. 8.9%, hazard ratio (HR): 0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.50-1.47, log-rank P=0.5628]. No difference was found between the groups in terms of the 1-year rate of cardiac death (2.9 vs. 1.3%, HR: 2.24, 95% CI: 0.75-6.67) or recurrent MI (2 vs. 1.5%, HR: 1.41, 95% CI: 0.45-4.44). However, repeat revascularization occurred less frequently in the immediate MVI group than in the CVI-O group (2.0 vs. 5.7%, HR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.13-0.90, log-rank P=0.0142). These findings were found to be consistent across a broad spectrum of subgroups. CONCLUSION: Compared with CVI-O, immediate MVI did not improve 1-year net clinical outcomes in stable STEMI patients with MVD. The only benefit found was a reduced repeat revascularization in immediate MVI.

13.
J Cardiol ; 73(2): 142-150, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30509351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Potent P2Y12 blockers are preferred in patients with acute non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the risk of bleeding remains a major concern. We assessed the association of potent P2Y12 blockers with ischemic and bleeding outcomes in patients with NSTEMI. METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 4927 patients with NSTEMI receiving drug-eluting stents (DES) were divided into potent P2Y12 blocker (ticagrelor or prasugrel, n=901) and clopidogrel (n=3180) groups. Propensity-matched 12-month ischemic and bleeding events were compared. Patients who received anticoagulants or who discontinued P2Y12 blockers or switched between potent P2Y12 blockers and clopidogrel were excluded. RESULTS: In the overall population, patients at higher ischemic and bleeding risks more often received clopidogrel. After propensity matching (n=901 in each group), 12-month rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were lower (7.3% vs. 10.1%, p=0.038), but Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major or minor bleeding rates were higher (5.9% vs. 2.2%, p<0.001) with potent P2Y12 blockers. Twelve-month rates of death from any cause, MI, stroke, or TIMI major bleeding were not different. On multivariate analysis, 12-month risk of TIMI major or minor bleeding was higher with B2 or C lesion, potent P2Y12 blocker use, body weight <60kg, and lower with time to PCI <12h and radial artery access. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with NSTEMI receiving DES, potent P2Y12 blockers were associated with reduced ischemic but increased bleeding risk with similar net clinical benefits.

14.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 15(9): 574-584, 2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30344541

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the age-related one-year major adverse cardiocerebrovascular events (MACCE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We analyzed the association between age and one-year MACCE after AMI. Methods: A total of 13,104 AMI patients from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institue of Health (KAMIR-NIH) between November 2011 and December 2015 were classified into four groups according to age (Group I, < 60 years, n = 4199; Group II, 60-70 years, n = 2577; Group III; 70-80 years, n = 2774; Group IV, ≥ 80 years, n = 1018). Patients were analyzed for one-year composite of MACCE (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, cerebrovascular events) after AMI. Results: The one-year MACCE in AMI were 3.5% (Group I), 6.3% (Group II), 9.6% (Group III) and 17.6% (Group IV). After adjustment for confounding parameters, the analysis results showed that patients with AMI had incremental risk of one-year MACCE [Group II, adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) = 1.224, 95% CI: 0.965-1.525, P = 0.096; Group III, aHR = 1.316, 95% CI: 1.037-1.671, P = 0.024; Group IV, aHR = 1.975, 95% CI: 1.500-62.601, P < 0.001) compared to Group I. Especially, cardiac death in the composite of primary end point played a major role in this effect (Group II, aHR = 1.335, 95% CI: 0.941-1.895, P = 0.106; Group III, aHR = 1.575, 95% CI: 1.122-2.210, P = 0.009; Group IV, aHR = 2.803, 95% CI: 1.937-4.054, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Despite advanced techniques and medications for PCI in AMI, age still exerts a powerful influence in clinical outcomes. Careful approaches, even in the modern era of developed cardiology are needed for aged-population in AMI intervention.

15.
Chonnam Med J ; 54(2): 121-128, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29854677

RESUMO

Although the benefits of carvedilol have been demonstrated in the era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), very few studies have evaluated the efficacy of bisoprolol in the secondary prevention of acute myocardial infarction (MI) in patients treated with PCI. We hypothesized that the effect of bisoprolol would not be different from carvedilol in post-MI patients. A total of 13,813 patients who underwent PCI were treated either with carvedilol or bisoprolol at the time of discharge. They were enrolled from the Korean Acute MI Registry (KAMIR). After 1:2 propensity score matching, 1,806 patients were enrolled in the bisoprolol group and 3,612 patients in the carvedilol group. The primary end point was the composite of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), which was defined as cardiac death, nonfatal MI, target vessel revascularization, and coronary artery bypass surgery. The secondary end point was defined as all-cause mortality, cardiac death, nonfatal MI, any revascularization, or target vessel revascularization. After adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics by propensity score matching, the MACE-free survival rate was not different between the groups (HR=0.815, 95% CI:0.614-1.081, p=0.156). In the subgroup analysis, the cumulative incidence of MACEs was lower in the bisoprolol group in patients having a Killip class of III or IV than in the carvedilol group (HR=0.512, 95% CI: 0.263-0.998, p=0.049). The incidence of secondary end points was similar between the two beta-blocker groups. In conclusion, the benefits of bisoprolol were comparable with those of carvedilol in the secondary prevention of acute MI.

16.
J Cardiol ; 72(4): 328-334, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29709405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The correlation between obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its impact on cardiovascular disease remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the impact of metabolic status and obesity on clinical outcomes of male patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Data from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health registry were used to evaluate the impact of obesity and MetS on patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) from November 2005 to November 2015. Patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of obesity and MetS ('obese-/MetS-', 'obese-/MetS+', 'obese+/MetS-', or 'obese+/MetS+', respectively). All-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were recorded during 12 months of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 14,357 patients were included. Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of MetS was an independent risk factor for all-cause death (HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.30-3.31, p=0.002) and cardiovascular death (HR 2.44, 95% CI 1.33-4.46, p=0.004) at 12 months among normal weight patients. The protective effect of obesity was observed, compared with the obese-/MetS+ group, in terms of all-cause death (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.31-0.81, p=0.005) and cardiovascular death (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.28-0.96, p=0.038; vs. total obese individuals), but it might have disappeared compared with the obese-/MetS- group. The rate of MACE did not differ significantly according to category by obesity and MetS. CONCLUSIONS: The obesity paradox has not been observed between obese and normal weight patients without MetS. Risk stratification on the basis of the presence or absence of MetS is not a clinically useful indicator of outcome in obese male patients with STEMI after PPCI.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
17.
J Cardiol ; 72(5): 420-426, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF) is a major cause of sudden cardiac death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of VT/VF, to identify the variables associated with VT/VF, and to construct a new scoring system. METHODS: Patients with relatively preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (≥40%) included in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health registry were enrolled in this study. Among 13,109 patients in the registry, a total of 10,334 (78.8%) had relatively preserved LVEF after AMI. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether they experienced life-threatening VT/VF during hospitalization or not. The predictors for VT/VF during hospitalization were assessed. In-hospital mortality and complications were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 358 (3.5%) experienced life-threatening VT/VF. The VT/VF group was at an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 2.99) and cardiac death (odds ratio 3.40). Variables of diagnosis, Killip class, smoking, initial rhythm, left bundle branch block, and LVEF were significant indicators of VT/VF. A new risk score system yielded acceptable discrimination function (c-statistics=0.773). CONCLUSIONS: Relatively preserved LVEF patients could still be at risk of life-threatening VT/VF, which is related to a poor prognosis during the admission period. This new scoring system can be adopted to stratify the risk of VT/VF.


Assuntos
Testes de Função Cardíaca/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Medição de Risco/métodos , Volume Sistólico , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos , Fibrilação Ventricular/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
18.
J Cardiol ; 72(5): 411-419, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is recommended in patients receiving drug-eluting stents (DES). However, bleeding risk should be weighed against ischemic risk. Utility of GRACE risk score and ACUITY-HORIZONS bleeding risk score was assessed in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) according to use of P2Y12 blocker. METHODS: From the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 7791 patients with acute MI receiving DES were divided into ticagrelor (n=1554) and clopidogrel (n=6237) groups. Propensity-matched 12-month mortality and bleeding event rates were compared according to GRACE and ACUITY-HORIZONS scores. Patients who received thrombolysis, prasugrel or anticoagulants, or who discontinued or switched DAPT were excluded. RESULTS: In all patients, high-risk patients more often received clopidogrel. After propensity score matching (n=1553 in each group), 12-month mortality was not different, but TIMI major bleeding rate was higher with ticagrelor (2.8% vs. 1.4%, p=0.007). On subgroup analysis, 12-month mortality was lower with ticagrelor in patients with high (>140) compared to low-to-moderate risk GRACE score (5.1% vs. 7.9%, p=0.04). When combined with ACUITY-HORIZONS bleeding score, 12-month mortality was lower with ticagrelor in patients with high GRACE score but without very high (≥20) ACUITY-HORIZONS score (2.4% vs. 5.3%, p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with acute MI receiving DES, GRACE and ACUITY-HORIZONS scores may help guide DAPT. In patients with high GRACE score, a more potent P2Y12 blocker may be considered, particularly in the subset not at very high risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos
19.
Am J Cardiol ; 121(11): 1285-1292, 2018 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29680172

RESUMO

The optimal timing of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), complicated by acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), is unclear. A total of 1,027 patients with NSTEMI complicated by ADHF who underwent successful PCI were analyzed using a Korean multicenter registry. All patients were divided into 4 groups by the timing of PCI: group 1 (PCI < 2 hour after admission, n = 149), group 2 (2 to 24 hours, n = 577), group 3 (24 to 72 hours, n = 189), and group 4 (≥72 hours, n = 112). We analyzed the incidences of 12-month mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), target-vessel revascularization, and rehospitalization because of HF. The prevalence of ADHF in patients with NSTEMI was 15.2% at initial presentation, and in-hospital mortality was higher in group 1 than in the other groups. There were no significant differences in mortality, nonfatal MI, target-vessel revascularization, or rehospitalization for HF during the 12-month follow-up between groups, regardless of initial PCI timing, except for a higher 12-month mortality in patients who received PCI within 24 hours (vs ≥24 hours) (hazard ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.09 to 2.29, p = 0.046). Early PCI did not reduce adverse clinical outcomes in patients with NSTEMI complicated by ADHF. Delayed PCI after stabilization may be reasonable in such high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Circ J ; 82(7): 1866-1873, 2018 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29643279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding comparison of ticagrelor and prasugrel in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to compare clinical outcomes between ticagrelor and prasugrel in STEMI.Methods and Results:A total of 1,440 patients with STEMI who underwent successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention were analyzed; the data were obtained from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health. Of the patients, 963 received ticagrelor, and 477 received prasugrel. The primary study endpoint was 12-month major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularization (TVR). MACE occurred in 91 patients (6.3%) over the 1-year follow-up, and there were no differences in the incidence of MACE (hazard ratio [HR] 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.76-1.91, P=0.438) between the 2 groups. Analysis by propensity score matching (429 pairs) did not significantly affect the results. The incidence of in-hospital major bleeding events was still comparable between the 2 groups (2.4% vs. 2.5%, odds ratio 0.75, 95% CI 0.30-1.86, P=0.532), and there was no significant difference in the incidence of MACE (5.4% vs. 5.8%, HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.56-1.74, P=0.951) after matching. CONCLUSIONS: Ticagrelor and prasugrel showed similar efficacy and safety profiles for treating STEMI in this Korean multicenter registry.


Assuntos
Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/tratamento farmacológico , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/farmacologia , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Ticagrelor/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA