Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
MycoKeys ; 75: 31-49, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223920

RESUMO

Spathaspora is an important genus of d-xylose-fermenting yeasts that are poorly studied in China. During recent yeast collections in Yunnan Province in China, 13 isolates of Spathaspora were obtained from rotting wood and all represent undescribed taxa. Based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses (ITS and nuc 28S), five new species are proposed: Spathaspora elongata, Sp. mengyangensis, Sp. jiuxiensis, Sp. parajiuxiensis and Sp. rosae. Our results indicate a high species diversity of Spathaspora waiting to be discovered in rotting wood from tropical and subtropical southwest China. In addition, the two Candida species, C. jeffriesii and C. materiae, which are members of the Spathaspora clade based on phylogeny, are transferred to Spathaspora as new combinations.

2.
MycoKeys ; 74: 75-90, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173405

RESUMO

In a study on the fungal diversity in Northeast China, twelve yeast isolates were obtained from soils collected in three provinces, Helongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning. Morphological assessment and phylogenetic analyses of the nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and the D1/D2 domains of the nuc 28S rDNA (nuc 28S) gene of the 12 cultures placed them in the genus Mrakia, namely Mrakia aquatica, Mrakia arctica, Mrakia frigida, Mrakia gelida and Mrakia robertii. A total of three isolates represented a hitherto undescribed species, which is described here as M. panshiensis sp. nov. (MB 834813). The species M. panshiensis sp. nov. shares several morphological characters with M. niccombsii, M. aquatica, M. fibulata and M. hoshinonis. These species can be distinguished based on physiological traits and pairwise rDNA sequence similarities. The study also describes for the first time the formation of teliospores by previously described M. arctica.

3.
MycoKeys ; 71: 87-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855604

RESUMO

Three species of Scheffersomyces were identified during a diversity study of yeasts. All three are associated with insects and rotting wood in China. Phylogenetic analyses of a genomic dataset combining ITS and nrLSU revealed that these new collections are distinct from known species, thus three new species are introduced i.e. S. jinghongensis, S. paraergatensis, and S. anoplophorae. In our phylogenetic analyses, Scheffersomyces jinghongensis possesses a strong independent lineage and is closely related to S. titanus. S. paraergatensis is closely related to S. ergatensis, while S. anoplophorae is related to S. stambukii. Several differences in physiological traits and molecular data indicate that S. jinghongensis, S. paraergatensis, and S. anoplophorae are three newly identified species.

4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4217-4223, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589574

RESUMO

Five yeast strains were isolated from the gut of the groundbeetle Pterostichus gebleri and rotting wood, which were collected from two different localities in China. These strains were identified as representing two novel species of the genus Blastobotrys through comparison of sequences in the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene and other taxonomic characteristics. Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. produces two to three spherical ascospores per ascus, and is most closely related to the type strains of B. elegans, B. capitulata, B. arbuscula, and an undescribed species represented by strain BG02-7-20-006A-3-1. Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. differed from these strains by 3.6-8.4 % divergence (21-46 substitutions and 0-4 gaps) in the D1/D2 sequences. Blastobotrys xishuangbannaensis f.a., sp. nov. is closely related to B. nivea, B. elegans and B. aristata but the formation of ascospores was not observed on various sporulation media, and it differed from its relatives by 6.2-8.5 % divergence (34-43 substitutions and 2-6 gaps) in the D1/D2 sequences. The holotype of Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. is NYNU 1581 and the holotype of Blastobotrys xishuangbannaensis f.a., sp. nov. is NYNU 181030.


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Filogenia , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Madeira/microbiologia , Animais , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esporos Fúngicos
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3087-3092, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31329532

RESUMO

Four strains, NYNU 15610, NYNU 15612, NYNU 15613 and NYNU 15615, of a novel ascomycetous yeast were isolated from the gut of Allomyrina dichotoma (Coleoptera: Scarabeidae) collected from two different localities in Henan Province, Central PR China. The four strains shared identical sequences in both of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer regions. Sequence analyses revealed that this novel species represents a member of the genus Metschnikowia. It differed from its closest known species Metschnikowia zobellii, Metschnikowiaaustralis and Metschnikowia bicuspidata, by 8.4-9.2 % sequence divergence (33-40 nt substitutions and 7-12 gaps over 509 bases) in the D1/D2 sequences. The formation of ascospores was not observed on various sporulation media. In contrast to M. zobellii, M. australis and M. bicuspidata, the novel yeast species was unable to assimilate succinate, ethanol, ethylamine, cadaverine and 10 % NaCl plus 5 % glucose, but was able to grow in vitamin-free medium. The name Metschnikowia baotianmanensis f.a., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with NYNU 15613 as the holotype.


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Metschnikowia/classificação , Filogenia , Animais , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Metschnikowia/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esporos Fúngicos
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(9): 2775-2780, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237537

RESUMO

During studies on the yeast communities associated with rotting wood in the Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest in PR China, four novel yeast strains were found. Phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene and the ITS regions showed that these strains represented two novel species in the Candida albicans/Lodderomyces clade. The novel species, represented by strains NYNU 17948 and NYNU 17981, formed a clade with Candida maltosa and Candida baotianmanensis, with 1-1.8% sequence divergence in the D1/D2 domains and 8.9-10% sequence divergence in the ITS regions. The other novel species, represented by NYNU 17105 and NYNU 17763, is most closely related to Candida blackwelliae with 0.7 % sequence divergence in the D1/D2 domains and 6.9 % sequence divergence in the ITS regions. The two novel species could be distinguished from their closest described species in terms of physiological traits. The two novel species are described as Candida yunnanensis sp. nov. (holotype NYNU 17948) and Candida parablackwelliae sp. nov. (holotype NYNU 17763).


Assuntos
Candida/classificação , Filogenia , Floresta Úmida , Madeira/microbiologia , Candida/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
7.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(9): 2658-2661, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162007

RESUMO

Three strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from rotting wood in the Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest, Yunnan Province, PR China. Sequence analysis of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions showed that the novel species represents a member of the genus Saturnispora. It differed from its closest known species, Saturnispora sekii CBS 10931T, by 1.3 % nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domains and by 2.2 % nucleotide substitutions in the ITS regions, respectively. In contrast to Saturnispora sekii, the novel yeast species was unable to assimilate glycerol, dl-lactate, succinate and citrate, and grow at 37 °C. The name Saturnispora galanensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with NYNU 1797 as the holotype.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Floresta Úmida , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Madeira/microbiologia , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(5): 1509-1514, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893031

RESUMO

Five strains, NUNU 16637, NYNU 16645, NYNU 1673, NYNU 1680 and NYNU 1689, of a novel ascomycetous yeast were isolated from the Xishuangbanna tropical rainforest, Yunnan Province, PR China. The five strains shared identical sequences in both of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions. Sequence analysis showed that they represent undescribed yeast species belonging to the genus Wickerhamomyces. They differed from their closest known species, Wickerhamomyces xylosivorus NBRC 111553T, by 3.4 % sequence divergence (14 substitutions and six gaps out of 584 bp) in the D1/D2 domains and by 9.6 % sequence divergence (28 substitutions and 24 gaps over 543 bp) in the ITS regions, respectively. The five strains of novel species reproduced asexually; no sexual reproduction could be found. In contrast to W. xylosivorus, the novel yeast species were able to assimilate l-arabinose, inulin, soluble starch, d-mannitol and citrate, and unable to assimilate trehalose, raffinose, 5-keto-d-gluconate, d-gluconate, ethanol, ethylamine and cadaverine. Growth was observed at 35 °C. The name Wickerhamomyces menglaensis f.a., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with NYNU 1673 as the holotype.


Assuntos
Filogenia , Floresta Úmida , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Madeira/microbiologia , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...