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1.
Food Res Int ; 140: 110037, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648263

RESUMO

As a widely used Asian starter culture, the quality of daqu can significantly affect the organoleptic characteristics of the final products, yet the microbial metabolic network involved in flavor development remains unclear. This study aims to investigate that network based on the dynamics of physicochemical properties, microbial community, and volatile compounds in medium-temperature daqu (MT-daqu) during spontaneous fermentation. Analyses using the metagenomic data set facilitated the gene repertoire overview of this ecosystem, indicating that Lactobacillales (mainly Weissella, Lactobacillus, and Pediococcus), Mucorales (mainly Lichtheimia), and Eurotiales (mainly Aspergillus, Rasamsonia and Byssochlamys) were the potential predominant populations successively responsible for the production of lytic enzymes and flavor precursors/compounds in MT-daqu. Flavor-relevant pathways were found to exist in multiple species, but only bacteria showed the potential to participate in butane-2,3-diol (e.g. Weissella, Lactobacillus, and Staphylococcus) and butanoate (Thermoactinomyces) metabolism, and only fungi were potentially involved in biosynthesis of guaiacol (Byssochlamys) and 4-vinylguaiacol (Aspergillus). Furthermore, a combined analysis revealed that the acidic thermal environment present in early phases was mainly due to the catabolic activities of Lactobacillales and Lichtheimia, which could contribute to the effective self-domestication of microbiota. The study helps elucidate the different metabolic roles of microorganisms and disclose the formation mechanism of daqu's partial functions, namely providing various aromatic substances/precursors and enzymes.

2.
J Control Release ; 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631225

RESUMO

The combination of MAPK-targeted therapy and immune checkpoint blockade is one of the most promising regimens for patients with advanced melanoma. However, the synergistic efficacy of the combo regimen is still controversial in clinical trials. Here, we report that MAPK inhibition induced T-cell suppression within tumor microenvironment is mediated by attenuation of HSP27/HSP70 and deficiency of neoantigen presentation. To address this problem, we designed a photothermal-responsive on-demand controlled drug release gold nano-system to carry BRAF inhibitor. The nano-system can be specifically delivered into tumor cells rather than T-cells, and effectively transformed the optical energy into heat energy upon laser irradiation. Combination of photothermal and targeted therapy significantly promoted immunogenic cell death and T-cell infiltration. On top of this regimen, systematically administration of PD-1 antibody not only suppressed local-treated tumor but also inhibited abscopal tumor by enhancing generalized immune-related antitumor response. More importantly, the triple-combo regimen could efficiently convert immune "cold" tumors into "hot" ones. In conclusion, our research proves the advantage of photothermal-targeted-immune triple combinatorial regimen in treating tumors which are clinical unresectable multifocal and lack of T-cell infiltration.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586334

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the relationship of adherence with blood pressure (BP) control and its associated factors in hypertensive patients. This cross-sectional nationwide BP screening study was conducted in Malaysia from May to October 2018. Participants with self-declared hypertension completed the Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale (Hill-Bone CHBPTS) which assesses three important domains of patient behavior to hypertension management namely medication taking, appointment keeping and reduced salt intake. Lower scores indicate better compliance while higher scores indicate otherwise. Participant's body mass index and seated BP were measured based on standard measurement protocol. Determinants of adherence to treatment were analyzed using multiple linear regression. Out of 5167 screened subjects, 1705 were known hypertensives. Of these, 927 (54.4%) answered the Hill-Bone CHBPTS and were entered into analysis. The mean age was 59.0 ± 13.2 years, 55.6% were female and 42.2% were Malays. The mean Hill-Bone CHBPTS score was 20.4 ± 4.4 (range 14-47), and 52.1% had good adherence. The mean systolic BP and diastolic BP were 136.4 ± 17.9 and 80.6 ± 11.6 mmHg, respectively. BP was controlled in 58.3% of those with good adherence compared to 50.2% in those with poor adherence (p = .014). Based on multiple linear regression analysis, female gender (ß = -0.72, 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.30, -0.15, p = .014), older age (ß = -0.05, 95% CI -0.07, -0.03, p < .001), and individuals with primary or lower educational level (ß = -0.91, 95% CI -1.59, -0.23, p = .009) had better adherence to BP management. Interventional programs targeted at the less adherent groups are needed in order to improve their adherence and BP control.

4.
Int J Food Microbiol ; 341: 109070, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503540

RESUMO

Zhejiang Rosy Vinegar (ZRV) is a traditional condiment in Southeast China, produced using semi-solid-state fermentation techniques under an open environment, yet little is known about the functional microbiota involved in the flavor formation of ZRV. In this study, 43 kinds of volatile flavor substances were identified by HS-SPME/GC-MS, mainly including ethyl acetate (relative content at the end of fermentation: 1104.1 mg/L), phenylethyl alcohol (417.6 mg/L) and acetoin (605.2 mg/L). The most abundant organic acid was acetic acid (59.6 g/L), which kept rising during the fermentation, followed by lactic acid (7.0 g/L), which showed a continuously downward trend. Amplicon sequencing analysis revealed that the richness and diversity of bacterial community were the highest at the beginning and then maintained decreasing during the fermentation. The predominant bacteria were scattered in Acetobacter (average relative abundance: 63.7%) and Lactobacillus (19.8%). Both sequencing and culture-dependent analysis showed Lactobacillus dominated the early stage (day 10 to 30), and Acetobacter kept highly abundant from day 40 to the end. Spearman correlation analysis displayed that the potential major groups involved in the formation of flavor compounds were Acetobacter and Lactobacillus, which were also showed strong relationships with other bacteria through co-occurrence network analysis (edges attached to Acetobacter: 61.7%; Lactobacillus: 14.0%). Moreover, structural equation model showed that the contents of ethanol, titratable acid and reducing sugar were the major environmental factors playing essential roles in influencing the succession of bacterial community and their metabolism during the fermentation. Overall, these findings illuminated the dynamic profiles of bacterial community and flavor compounds and the potential functional microbes, which were expected to help us understand the formation of flavor substances in ZRV.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 43, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397967

RESUMO

CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) is an important factor in the maintenance of chromatin-chromatin interactions, yet the mechanism regulating its binding to chromatin is unknown. We demonstrate that zinc finger protein 143 (ZNF143) is a key regulator for CTCF-bound promoter-enhancer loops. In the murine genome, a large percentage of CTCF and ZNF143 DNA binding motifs are distributed 37 bp apart in the convergent orientation. Furthermore, deletion of ZNF143 leads to loss of CTCF binding on promoter and enhancer regions associated with gene expression changes. CTCF-bound promoter-enhancer loops are also disrupted after excision of ZNF143. ZNF143-CTCF-bound promoter-enhancer loops regulate gene expression patterns essential for maintenance of murine hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell integrity. Our data suggest a common feature of gene regulation is that ZNF143 is a critical factor for CTCF-bound promoter-enhancer loops.


Assuntos
Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/metabolismo , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transativadores/metabolismo , Animais , DNA/metabolismo , Hematopoese/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fenótipo , Ligação Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Transcrição Genética
6.
Cell Rep ; 34(1): 108574, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406418

RESUMO

The zinc finger transcription factor SALL4 is highly expressed in embryonic stem cells, downregulated in most adult tissues, but reactivated in many aggressive cancers. This unique expression pattern makes SALL4 an attractive therapeutic target. However, whether SALL4 binds DNA directly to regulate gene expression is unclear, and many of its targets in cancer cells remain elusive. Here, through an unbiased screen of protein binding microarray (PBM) and cleavage under targets and release using nuclease (CUT&RUN) experiments, we identify and validate the DNA binding domain of SALL4 and its consensus binding sequence. Combined with RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analyses after SALL4 knockdown, we discover hundreds of new SALL4 target genes that it directly regulates in aggressive liver cancer cells, including genes encoding a family of histone 3 lysine 9-specific demethylases (KDMs). Taken together, these results elucidate the mechanism of SALL4 DNA binding and reveal pathways and molecules to target in SALL4-dependent tumors.

7.
Obes Rev ; 22(2): e13153, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462935

RESUMO

Socio-economic status and ethnic background are recognized as predictors of risk for the development of obesity in childhood. The present review assesses the effectiveness of treatment for children according to their socio-economic and ethnic background. Sixty-four systematic reviews were included, from which there was difficulty reaching general conclusions on the approaches to treatment suitable for different social subgroups. Eighty-one primary studies cited in the systematic reviews met the inclusion criteria, of which five directly addressed differential effectiveness of treatment in relation to social disparities, with inconsistent conclusions. From a weak evidence base, it appears that treatment effectiveness may be affected by family-level factors including attitudes to overweight, understanding of the causes of weight gain and motivation to make and maintain family-level changes in health behaviours. Interventions should be culturally and socially sensitive, avoid stigma, encourage motivation, recognize barriers and reinforce opportunities and be achievable within the family's time and financial resources. However, the evidence base is remarkably limited, given the significance of social and economic disparities as risk factors. Research funding agencies need to ensure that a focus on social disparities in paediatric obesity treatment is a high priority for future research.

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 270: 113815, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444724

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erzhi formula (EZF) consists of Ecliptae herba (EH) and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) at a ratio 1:1, and constitutes a well-known formula in China that is commonly used for treating menopausal diseases. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, we explored the pharmacologic actions and potential molecular mechanisms underlying EZF's action in preventing and treating osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The active components and related targets of EZF's anti-osteoporotic effects were predicted by network pharmacology, and functional enrichment analysis was also performed. We then used an osteoporosis model of ovariectomized (OVX) mice to detect the effects of EZF on osteoporosis. RESULTS: The results from network pharmacology identified a total of 10 active ingredients from EH and 13 active ingredients from FLL that might affect 65 potential therapeutic targets. GO enrichment analysis revealed that EZF affected bone tissue primarily via hormone (particularly estradiol)-related pathways and bone resorption by osteoclast differentiation. KEGG analysis demonstrated that bone-related factors such as Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), Ca2, estrogen receptor1 (ESR1), androgen receptors (AR), and TNFα served as the primary targets during osteoclastic differentiation. In vivo experiments showed that the formula significantly improved the diminution in estrogen and the subsequent uterine atrophy induced by ovariectomy (P < 0.01 or 0.05), implying that the EZF exerted its actions via regulation of estradiol and the nourishing effects of the uterus in OVX mice. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and micro-CT showed that EZF significantly inhibited bone loss and improved bone micro-architecture by statistically increasing the number of bone trabeculae and decreasing the separation of bone trabeculae in OVX mice (P < 0.01 or 0.05); EZF also inhibited bone loss and enhanced bone-fracture load. Furthermore, we confirmed that EZF reduced the calcium concentrations, augmented protein and mRNA levels for Runx2 in the bone marrow, and reduced PPARγ levels. RANKL-a key downstream regulatory protein of many targets that was referred to in our results of network pharmacology as being involved in the regulation of osteoclastogenesis-was significantly diminished by EZF; it also elevated OPG content. In addition, we used monocytes of bone-marrow origin to detect the effects of the potential components of EZF on osteoclast differentiation and found that wedelolactone, oleanolic acid, echinocystic acid, luteolin, and luteolin-7-o-glucoside significantly inhibited osteoclast differentiation from monocytes induced by 25 ng/mL MCSF and 50 ng/mL RANKL (P < 0.01 or 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our present study indicated that EZF significantly inhibited the bone loss induced by OVX in mice by its regulation of estradiol combined with the nourishing effect of the uterus, and that it also attenuated bone resorption by decreasing the RANKL/OPG ratio so as to inhibit osteoclast maturation.

9.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33287346

RESUMO

Addictive eating prevalence is estimated at 15-20% in studied populations, and is associated with concurrent mental health conditions and eating disorders as well as overweight and obesity. However, few evidence-based interventions targeting addictive eating are available. The further development of evidence-based interventions requires assessment of intervention feasibility and efficacy. This study aimed to determine the feasibility, including intervention delivery and program acceptability, of FoodFix; a personality targeted intervention for the treatment of addictive eating behaviours in Australian adults. Participants (n = 52) were randomised to intervention (n = 26) or wait-list control groups (n = 26) and received three personalised telehealth sessions with an Accredited Practising Dietitian over seven weeks. Intervention delivery was assessed by tracking adherence to scheduled timing of intervention sessions. Program acceptability of participants was assessed via an online process evaluation survey and program acceptability of intervention providers was assessed via semi-structured phone interviews. In total, 79% of participants adhered to scheduled timing for session two and 43% for session three, defined as within one week (before/after) of the scheduled date. Further, 21% of participants completed the process evaluation survey (n = 11). The majority of participants were extremely/very satisfied with FoodFix (n = 7, 63%). Intervention providers (n = 2) expressed that they felt adequately trained to deliver the intervention, and that the overall session format, timing, and content of FoodFix was appropriate for participants. These findings highlight the importance of assessing intervention feasibility to further understand intervention efficacy.

10.
Food Res Int ; 138(Pt A): 109737, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292931

RESUMO

Acetoin, giving a creamy yogurt aroma and buttery taste, exists in cereal vinegar as an important flavor substance and is mainly produced by the metabolism of Lactobacillus and Acetobacter during multispecies solid-state acetic acid fermentation. However, the impacts of Lactobacillus-Acetobacter interactions on acetoin accumulation and the microbial metabolism during acetic acid fermentation are not completely clear. Here, six strains isolated from vinegar fermentation culture and associated with acetoin metabolism, namely, Lactobacillus reuteri L-0, L. buchneri F2-6, L. brevis 4-20, L. fermentum M10-7, L. casei M1-6 and Acetobacter pasteurianus G3-2, were selected for microbial growth and metabolism analysis in monoculture and coculture fermentations. Lactobacillus sp. and A. pasteurianus G3-2 respectively utilized glucose and ethanol preferentially. In monocultures, L. casei M1-6 (183.7 mg/L) and A. pasteurianus G3-2 (121.0 mg/L) showed better acetoin-producing capacity than the others. In the bicultures with Lactobacillus sp. and A. pasteurianus G3-2, biomass analysis in the stationary phase demonstrated that significant growth depressions of Lactobacillus sp. occurred compared with monocultures, possibly due to intolerance to acetic acid produced by A. pasteurianus G3-2. Synergistic effect between Lactobacillus sp. and A. pasteurianus G3-2 on enhanced acetoin accumulation was identified, however, cocultures of two Lactobacillus strains could not apparently facilitate acetoin accumulation. Coculture of L. casei M1-6 and A. pasteurianus G3-2 showed the best performance in acetoin production amongst all mono-, bi- and triculture combinations, and the yield of acetoin increased from 1827.7 to 7529.8 mg/L following optimization of culture conditions. Moreover, the interactions of L. casei M1-6 and A. pasteurianus G3-2 regulated the global metabolism of vinegar microbiota during fermentation through performing in situ bioaugmentation, which could accelerate the production of acetic acid, lactic acid, acetoin, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, ligustrazine and other important flavoring substances. This work provides a promising strategy for the production of acetoin-rich vinegar through Lactobacillus sp.-A. pasteurianus joint bioaugmentation.

11.
Brain Res ; : 147185, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129805

RESUMO

The combined use of two or more different drugs can better promote nerve recovery and its prognosis for treatment of stroke. The salvianolate lyophilized injection (SLI) and Xueshuantong Injection (XST) are two standardized Chinese medicine injections which have been widely used in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) and Notoginsenoside R1 (NR1) is respectively one of the active constituents of SLI and XST, which have certain effects on stroke. In this study, we established a co-culture of endothelial cells and pericytes for oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) injury model to study the effects of SLI and Sal B or XST and NR1 alone, or with their combinations (1S1X) in regulation of BBB function. The results showed that compared with the OGD/R group, treatment with SLI, XST and SalB and NR1 can significantly increase the TEER, reduce the permeability of Na-Flu, enhance the expression of tight junctions (TJs) between cells, and stabilize the basement membrane (BM) composition. In addition, the combination of 1S1X is superior to the XST or SLI alone in enhancing the TJs between cells and stabilizing the BM. And the active components SalB and NR1 can play a strong role in these two aspects, even with the whole effects. Furthermore, the study showed that XST, Sal B and NR1 increases in Ang-1and Tie2, while decrease in Ang-2 and VEGF protein expressions. Overall, these findings suggest that SLI combined with XST (1X1S) has protective effects on co-culture of endothelial cells and pericytes after OGD/R. Moreover, its protective effect might be associated with increase of TJs and BMs through activation of Ang/Tie-2 system signaling pathway.

12.
Thyroid ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota are considered to be intrinsic regulators of thyroid autoimmunity. We designed a cross-sectional study to examine the makeup and metabolic function of microbiota in Graves' disease (GD) patients, with the ultimate aim of offering new perspectives on the diagnosis and treatment of GD. METHODS: The 16S rRNA V3-V4 DNA regions of microbiota were obtained from fecal samples collected from 45 GD patients and 59 controls. Microbial differences between the two groups were subsequently analyzed based on high-throughput sequencing. RESULTS: Compared with controls, GD patients had reduced alpha diversity (p <0.05). At the phylum level, GD patients had a significantly lower proportion of Firmicutes (p = 0.008) and a significantly higher proportion of Bacteroidetes (p = 0.002) compared to the controls. At the genus level, GD patients had greater numbers of Bacteroides and Lactobacillus, though fewer Blautia, [Eubacterium]_hallii_group, Anaerostipes, Collinsella, Dorea, unclassified_f_Peptostreptococcaceae, and [Ruminococcus]_torques_group than controls (all p < 0.05). Subgroup analysis of GD patients revealed that Lactobacillus may play a key role in the pathogenesis of AITD. Nine distinct genera showed significant correlations with certain thyroid function tests. Functional prediction revealed that Blautia may be an important microbe in certain metabolic pathways that occur in the hyperthyroid state. Additionally, linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and effect size (LEfSe) analysis showed that there were significant differences in the levels of 18 genera between GD patients and controls (LDA > 3.0, all p < 0.05). A diagnostic model using the top nine genera had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.8109 (95% CI: 0.7274-0.8945). CONCLUSIONS: Intestinal microbiota are different in GD patients. The microbiota we identified offer an alternative non-invasive diagnostic methodology for GD. Microbiota may also play a role in thyroid autoimmunity, and future research is needed to further elucidate the role.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 1): 142584, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039883

RESUMO

Urbanization is accompanied by growing household consumption and changing consumption patterns, with both having impacts on the life-cycle water pollution generated. This study uses the indicator of grey water footprint (GWF) within an Input-Output framework to examine the decadal change from 2002 to 2017 of the life-cycle water pollution change for household consumption in China, where rapid urbanization has particularly posed looming environmental challenges. Against the background of enlarging inequality, the results also shed light on the impacts of households within different income groups. From 2002 to 2017, GWF required by urban household consumption has increased significantly from 1586 to 2195 km3 while that for rural households have decreased slightly from 1139 to 964 km3 during the same period. Total Nitrogen required the largest GWF throughout the whole period and throughout all different income groups. Food consumption dominated the GWF for household consumption. However, the share of GWF for food consumption decreases with income increases, from 83% for extremely poor rural households to 71% for very rich urban households in 2012. Urbanites on average require higher GWF for their consumption than their rural counterparts. An average person from the highest income rural households required 2033 m3 GWF for household consumption, which is higher than a person from a very poor urban household (1685 m3) but lower than that of a person from poor urban household (2149 m3). While household consumption volume increase has been the primary driver for GWF increase, pollution intensity reduction has offset such impacts. Household consumption pattern change's impacts differ by household income and by pollutant considered.

14.
J Pathol ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044755

RESUMO

SETDB1 is a histone lysine methyltransferase that has critical roles in cancers. However, its potential role in gastric cancer (GC) remains obscure. Here, we mainly investigate the clinical significance and the possible role of SETDB1 in GC. We find that SETDB1 expression is upregulated in GC tissues and its high-level expression was a predictor of poor prognosis in patients. Overexpression of SETDB1 promoted cell proliferation and metastasis, while SETDB1 suppression had an opposite effect both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, SETDB1 was shown to interact with ERG to promote the transcription of cyclin D1 (CCND1) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) through binding to their promoter regions. In addition, the expression of SETDB1 was also enhanced by the transcription factor TCF4 at the transcriptional level in GC. Furthermore, SETDB1 expression was found to be induced by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in a TCF4-dependent manner. Taken together, our results indicate that SETDB1 is aberrantly overexpressed in GC and plays key roles in gastric carcinogenesis and metastasis via upregulation of CCND1 and MMP9. Our work also suggests that SETDB1 could be a potential oncogenic factor and a therapeutic target for GC. © 2020 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085613

RESUMO

Quantitative relationship between the activity/property and the structure of compound is critical in chemical applications. To learn this quantitative relationship, hundreds of molecular descriptors have been designed to describe the structure, mainly based on the properties of vertices and edges of molecular graph. However, many descriptors degenerate to the same values for different compounds with the same molecular graph, resulting in model failure. In this paper, we design a multidimensional signal for each vertex of the molecular graph to derive new descriptors with higher discriminability. We treat the new and traditional descriptors as the signals on the descriptor graph learned from the descriptor data, and enhance descriptor dissimilarity using the Laplacian filter derived from the descriptor graph. Combining these with model learning techniques, we propose a graph signal processing based approach to obtain reliable new models for learning the quantitative relationship and predicting the properties of compounds. We also provide insights from chemistry for the boiling point model. Several experiments are presented to demonstrate the validity, effectiveness and advantages of the proposed approach.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050091

RESUMO

The food system profoundly affects the sustainable development of the environment and resources. Numerous studies have shown that the food consumption patterns of Chinese residents will bring certain pressure to the environment. Food consumption patterns have individual differences. Therefore, reducing the pressure of food consumption patterns on the environment requires the precise positioning of people with high consumption tendencies. Based on the related concepts of the machine learning method, this paper designs an identification method of the population with a high environmental footprint by using a decision tree as the core and realizes the automatic identification of a large number of users. By using the microdata provided by CHNS(the China Health and Nutrition Survey), we study the relationship between residents' dietary intake and environmental resource consumption. First, we find that the impact of residents' food system on the environment shows a certain logistic normal distribution trend. Then, through the decision tree algorithm, we find that four demographic characteristics of gender, income level, education level, and region have the greatest impact on residents' environmental footprint, where the consumption trends of different characteristics are also significantly different. At the same time, we also use the decision tree to identify the population characteristics with high consumption tendency. This method can effectively improve the identification coverage and accuracy rate and promotes the improvement of residents' food consumption patterns.

17.
J Cancer ; 11(20): 6122-6132, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922552

RESUMO

Background and Aim: Invasion and metastasis are critical events in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) progression. Protein markers specific to this process may avoid over-treatment and urgently needed. Methods: TMT-labeled mass spectrometry-based proteomics were carried out on PTC and invasive phenotype (iPTC) (3 pairs per group) and cross validate differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) (FC>1.5 and <0.67 and p<0.05) with GEO and TCGA datasets and the correlation genes of DEPs were also analyzed. Results: We identified and quantified 4607 proteins identical to PTC and iPTC groups. Among which 12 DEPs in PTC and 179 DEPs in iPTCs were found. Cross-validation with GSE60542 and TCGA database revealed 10 DEPs that all significant correlated with metastasis and staging. Upregulated SLC27A6 showed negative correlation with 6 out of 9 downregulated DEPs including HGD, CA4, COL23A1, SLC26A7, FHL1 and TPO. Conclusion: The panel of 7 genes (SLC27A6 and 6 downregulated DEPs) could have ideal prediction value to improve our understanding of invasiveness of PTC.

18.
Physiol Mol Biol Plants ; 26(9): 1889-1896, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943824

RESUMO

Alpinia belongs to a large genus with many species found in Peninsular Malaysia. Several species of Alpinia exhibit important medicinal potential. However, progressive studies on the genus Alpinia were hampered by difficulties encountered in species identification. With the advancement achieved in genomic technology, more sensitive tools such as DNA barcoding were developed, which can be used for species identification. Internal Transcribe Spacer 2 (ITS2) is a DNA barcode which has proven to be a promising tool for species identification. The criterions of ITS2 efficacy namely universality and efficacy for species identification were tested on Alpinia species collected from Peninsular Malaysia. The results showed that a success rate of 96.97% was achieved using ITS2 for screening 11 species of Alpinia and an outgroup sample (Zingiber specatabile). Combined with 15 additional sequences from the Genbank for five Alpinia species, ITS2 demonstrated high species identification efficacy with 88.2% of species identified using phylogenetic and distance analysis. The analysis was further improved with the use of ITS2 secondary structure. The results of both criterions demonstrated the ability of ITS2 to successfully discriminate Alpinia species, which will help to improve species identification of Alpinia species in Peninsular Malaysia.

19.
Food Microbiol ; 92: 103559, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950153

RESUMO

Symphony orchestra of multi-microorganisms characterizes the solid-state acetic acid fermentation process of Chinese cereal vinegars. Lactate is the predominant non-volatile acid and plays indispensable roles in flavor formation. This study investigated the microbial consortia driving the metabolism of D-/l-lactate during fermentation. Sequencing analysis based on D-/l-lactate dehydrogenase genes demonstrated that Lactobacillus (relative abundance: > 95%) dominated the production of both d-lactate and l-lactate, showing species-specific features between the two types. Lactobacillus helveticus (>65%) and L. reuteri (~80%) respectively dominated l- and d-lactate-producing communities. D-/l-lactate production and utilization capabilities of eight predominant Lactobacillus strains were determined by culture-dependent approach. Subsequently, D-/l-lactate producer L. plantarum M10-1 (d:l ≈ 1:1), l-lactate producer L. casei 21M3-1 (D:L ≈ 0.2:9.8) and D-/l-lactate utilizer Acetobacter pasteurianus G3-2 were selected to modulate the metabolic flux of D-/l-lactate of microbial consortia. The production ratio of D-/l-lactate was correspondingly shifted coupling with microbial consortia changes. Bioaugmentation with L.casei 21M3-1 merely enhanced l-lactate production, displaying ~4-fold elevation at the end of fermentation. Addition of L.plantarum M10-1 twice increased both D- and l-lactate production, while A. pasteurianus G3-2 decreased the content of D-/l-isomer. Our results provided an alternative strategy to specifically manipulate the metabolic flux within microbial consortia of certain ecological niches.

20.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 4074832, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831998

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a chronic low-grade inflammatory disease. Oxidative stress and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling play an important role in the pathogenesis of DN. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced from carbohydrate fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract exert positive regulatory effects on inflammation and kidney injuries. However, it is unclear whether SCFAs can prevent and ameliorate DN. In the present study, we evaluated the role and mechanism of the three main SCFAs (acetate, propionate, and butyrate) in high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced type2 diabetes (T2D) and DN mouse models and in high glucose-induced mouse glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs), to explore novel therapeutic strategies and molecular targets for DN. We found that exogenous SCFAs, especially butyrate, improved hyperglycemia and insulin resistance; prevented the formation of proteinuria and an increase in serum creatinine, urea nitrogen, and cystatin C; inhibited mesangial matrix accumulation and renal fibrosis; and blocked NF-κB activation in mice. SCFAs also inhibited high glucose-induced oxidative stress and NF-κB activation and enhanced the interaction between ß-arrestin-2 and I-κBα in GMCs. Specifically, the beneficial effects of SCFAs were significantly facilitated by the overexpression GPR43 or imitated by a GPR43 agonist but were inhibited by siRNA-GPR43 in GMCs. These results support the conclusion that SCFAs, especially butyrate, partially improve T2D-induced kidney injury via GPR43-mediated inhibition of oxidative stress and NF-κB signaling, suggesting SCFAs may be potential therapeutic agents in the prevention and treatment of DN.

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