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1.
Intest Res ; 18(4): 355-378, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646198

RESUMO

Despite several recent advances in therapy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) therapy has retained its place especially in ulcerative colitis. This consensus on 5-ASA is obtained through a modified Delphi process, and includes guiding statements and recommendations based on literature evidence (randomized trials, and observational studies), clinical practice, and expert opinion on use of 5-ASA in IBD by Indian gastroenterologists. The aim is to aid practitioners in selecting appropriate treatment strategies and facilitate optimal use of 5-ASA in patients with IBD.

2.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 37(6): 526-544, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617919

RESUMO

The Indian Motility and Functional Diseases Association and the Indian Society of Gastroenterology developed this evidence-based practice guideline for management of chronic constipation. A modified Delphi process was used to develop this consensus containing 29 statements, which were generated by electronic voting iteration as well as face to face meeting and review of the supporting literature primarily from India. These statements include 9 on epidemiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic criteria; 8 on pathophysiology; and the remaining 12 on investigations and treatment. When the proportion of those who voted either to accept completely or with minor reservation was 80% or higher, the statement was regarded as accepted. The members of the consensus team believe that this would be useful for teaching, clinical practice, and research on chronic constipation in India and in other countries with similar spectrum of the disorders.


Assuntos
Consenso , Constipação Intestinal , Gastroenterologia/organização & administração , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Doença Crônica , Constipação Intestinal/diagnóstico , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Constipação Intestinal/etiologia , Constipação Intestinal/terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 32(6): 369-75, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23999682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attempts to diagnose and subtype irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by symptom-based criteria have limitations, as these are developed in the West and might not be applicable in other populations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare different criteria for diagnosing and subtyping of IBS in India. METHOD: Manning's and the Rome I, II, and III criteria as well as the Asian criteria were applied to 1,618 patients (from 17 centers in India) with chronic lower gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms with no alarm features and negative investigations. RESULTS: Of 1,618 patients (aged 37.5 [SD 12.6] years; 71.2% male), 1,476 (91.2%), 1,098 (67.9%), 649 (40.1%), 849 (52.5%), and 1,206 (74.5%) fulfilled Manning's, Rome I, II, and III, and the Asian criteria, respectively. The most common reason for not fulfilling the criteria was absence of the following symptoms: "more frequent stools with onset of pain," "loose stool with onset of pain," "relief of pain with passage of stool," "other abdominal discomfort/bloating," and, in a minority, not meeting the duration criterion of 3 months/12 weeks. By stool frequency, constipation-predominant IBS (<3 stools/week) was diagnosed in 319 (19.7%), diarrhea-predominant IBS (>3 stools/day) in 43 (2.7%), and unclassified in 1,256 (77.6%). By Bristol stool form, constipation, diarrhea, and unclassified were diagnosed in 655 (40.5%), 709 (43.8%), and 254 (15.7%) patients, respectively. By their own perception, 462 (28.6%), 541 (33.4%), and 452 (27.9%) patients reported constipation-predominant, diarrhea-predominant, and alternating types, respectively. CONCLUSION: By Manning's and the Asian criteria, a diagnosis of IBS was made frequently among Indian patients with chronic functional lower GI symptoms with no alarm features; the Rome II criteria gave the lowest yield. By the stool frequency criteria, a majority of patients had unclassified pattern, unlike by the stool form and patients' perception of their symptoms.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/classificação , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino
4.
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 27(1): 22-8, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18541934

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the profile of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and the frequency of such symptoms among the general population, in India. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-center study, data were obtained from 2785 patients with chronic lower gastrointestinal symptoms (complainants) with no alarm feature and negative investigations for organic causes visiting physicians at 30 centers, and from 4500 community subjects (non-complainants), using separate questionnaires. RESULTS: Most complainants were middle-aged (mean age 39.4 years) and male (1891; 68%). The common symptoms were: abdominal pain or discomfort (1958; 70%), abdominal fullness (1951; 70%); subjective feeling of constipation (1404 of 2656; 53%), or diarrhea (1252 of 2656, 47%), incomplete evacuation (2134; 77%), mucus with stools (1506; 54%), straining at stools (1271; 46%), epigastric pain (1364; 49%) and milk intolerance (906; 32%). Median stool frequency was similar in patients who felt they had constipation or those who felt they had diarrhea. Information to subtype symptoms using standard criteria was available in 1301 patients; of these, 507 (39%) had constipation-predominant IBS ( 3 3 stools/day) and 744 (57%) had indeterminate symptoms. Among non-complainants, most subjects reported daily defecation frequency of one (2520 [56%]) or two (1535 [34%]). Among non-complainants, 567 (12.6%) reported abdominal pain, 503 (11%) irregular bowel, 1030 (23%) incomplete evacuation, 167 (4%) mucus and 846 (18%) straining at stools; a combination of abdominal pain or discomfort relieved by defecation, and incomplete evacuation was present in 189/4500 (4.2%) community subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with IBS in India are middle-aged men, and have a sense of incomplete evacuation and mucus with stools. Abdominal pain or discomfort is frequent but not universal. Importantly, stool frequency was similar irrespective of whether the patients felt having constipation or diarrhea. Most (90%) non-complainant subjects had 1 or 2 stools per day; symptoms complex suggestive of IBS was present in 4.2% of community subjects.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
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