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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 514-522, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012319

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate risk factors for complications in patients undergoing adrenalectomy. Materials and Methods: A retrospective search of our institutional database was performed of patients who underwent adrenalectomy, between 2014 and 2018. Clinical parameters and adrenal disorder characteristics were assessed and correlated to intra and post-operative course. Complications were analyzed within 30-days after surgery. A logistic regression was performed in order to identify independent predictors of morbidity in patients after adrenalectomy. Results: The files of 154 patients were reviewed. Median age and Body Mass Index (BMI) were 52-years and 27.8kg/m2, respectively. Mean tumor size was 4.9±4cm. Median surgery duration and estimated blood loss were 140min and 50mL, respectively. There were six conversions to open surgery. Minor and major post-operative complications occurred in 17.5% and 8.4% of the patients. Intra-operative complications occurred in 26.6% of the patients. Four patients died. Mean hospitalization duration was 4-days (Interquartile Range: 3-8). Patients age (p=0.004), comorbidities (p=0.003) and pathological diagnosis (p=0.003) were independent predictors of post-operative complications. Tumor size (p<0.001) and BMI (p=0.009) were independent predictors of intra-operative complications. Pathological diagnosis (p<0.001) and Charlson score (p=0.013) were independent predictors of death. Conclusion: Diligent care is needed with older patients, with multiple comorbidities and harboring unfavorable adrenal disorders (adrenocortical carcinoma and pheocromocytoma), who have greater risk of post-operative complications. Patients with elevated BMI and larger tumors have higher risk of intra, but not of post-operative complications.

2.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 104(10): 4695-4702, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216002

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of endocrine hypertension (HT). HT remission (defined as blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg without antihypertensive drugs) has been reported in approximately 50% of patients with unilateral PA after adrenalectomy. HT duration and severity are predictors of blood pressure response, but the prognostic role of somatic KCNJ5 mutations is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and molecular features associated with HT remission after adrenalectomy in patients with unilateral PA. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 100 patients with PA (60 women; median age at diagnosis 48 years with a median follow-up of 26 months). Anatomopathological analysis revealed 90 aldosterone-producing adenomas, 1 carcinoma, and 9 unilateral adrenal hyperplasias. All patients had biochemical cure after unilateral adrenalectomy. KCNJ5 gene was sequenced in 76 cases. RESULTS: KCNJ5 mutations were identified in 33 of 76 (43.4%) tumors: p.Gly151Arg (n = 17), p.Leu168Arg (n = 15), and p.Glu145Gln (n = 1). HT remission was reported in 37 of 100 (37%) patients. Among patients with HT remission, 73% were women (P = 0.04), 48.6% used more than three antihypertensive medications (P = 0.0001), and 64.9% had HT duration <10 years (P = 0.0015) compared with those without HT remission. Somatic KCNJ5 mutations were associated with female sex (P = 0.004), larger nodules (P = 0.001), and HT remission (P = 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, only a somatic KCNJ5 mutation was an independent predictor of HT remission after adrenalectomy (P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: The presence of a KCNJ5 somatic mutation is an independent predictor of HT remission after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with unilateral PA.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 514-522, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038857

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors for complications in patients undergoing adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search of our institutional database was performed of patients who underwent adrenalectomy, between 2014 and 2018. Clinical parameters and adrenal disorder characteristics were assessed and correlated to intra and post-operative course. Complications were analyzed within 30-days after surgery. A logistic regression was performed in order to identify independent predictors of morbidity in patients after adrenalectomy. RESULTS: The files of 154 patients were reviewed. Median age and Body Mass Index (BMI) were 52-years and 27.8kg/m2, respectively. Mean tumor size was 4.9±4cm. Median surgery duration and estimated blood loss were 140min and 50mL, respectively. There were six conversions to open surgery. Minor and major post-operative complications occurred in 17.5% and 8.4% of the patients. Intra-operative complications occurred in 26.6% of the patients. Four patients died. Mean hospitalization duration was 4-days (Interquartile Range: 3-8). Patients age (p=0.004), comorbidities (p=0.003) and pathological diagnosis (p=0.003) were independent predictors of post-operative complications. Tumor size (p<0.001) and BMI (p=0.009) were independent predictors of intra-operative complications. Pathological diagnosis (p<0.001) and Charlson score (p=0.013) were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSION: Diligent care is needed with older patients, with multiple comorbidities and harboring unfavorable adrenal disorders (adrenocortical carcinoma and pheocromocytoma), who have greater risk of post-operative complications. Patients with elevated BMI and larger tumors have higher risk of intra, but not of post-operative complications.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/complicações , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/complicações , Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/complicações , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/patologia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(5): 841-848, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-892887

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the role of ARDT after surgical resection of ACC. Materials and Methods: Records of patients from our institutional ACC database were retrospectively assessed. A paired comparison analysis was used to evaluate the oncological outcomes between patients treated with surgery followed by ARDT or surgery only (control). The endpoints were LRFS, RFS, and OS. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis was also performed to evaluate local recurrence of ACC when ARDT was used. Results: Ten patients were included in each Group. The median follow-up times were 32 months and 35 months for the ARDT and control Groups, respectively. The results for LRFS (p=0.11), RFS (p=0.92), and OS (p=0.47) were similar among subsets. The mean time to present with local recurrence was significantly longer in the ARDT group compared with the control Group (419±206 days vs. 181±86 days, respectively; p=0.03). ARDT was well tolerated by the patients; there were no reports of late toxicity. The meta-analysis, which included four retrospective series, revealed that ARDT had a protective effect on LRFS (HR=0.4; CI=0.17-0.94). Conclusions: ARDT may reduce the chance and prolong the time to ACC local recurrence. However, there were no benefits for disease recurrence control or overall survival for patients who underwent this complementary therapy.

5.
Int Braz J Urol ; 43(5): 841-848, 2017 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28727379

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of ARDT after surgical resection of ACC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of patients from our institutional ACC database were retrospectively assessed. A paired comparison analysis was used to evaluate the oncological outcomes between patients treated with surgery followed by ARDT or surgery only (control). The endpoints were LRFS, RFS, and OS. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis was also performed to evaluate local recurrence of ACC when ARDT was used. RESULTS: Ten patients were included in each Group. The median follow-up times were 32 months and 35 months for the ARDT and control Groups, respectively. The results for LRFS (p=0.11), RFS (p=0.92), and OS (p=0.47) were similar among subsets. The mean time to present with local recurrence was significantly longer in the ARDT group compared with the control Group (419±206 days vs. 181±86 days, respectively; p=0.03). ARDT was well tolerated by the patients; there were no reports of late toxicity. The meta-analysis, which included four retrospective series, revealed that ARDT had a protective effect on LRFS (HR=0.4; CI=0.17-0.94). CONCLUSIONS: ARDT may reduce the chance and prolong the time to ACC local recurrence. However, there were no benefits for disease recurrence control or overall survival for patients who underwent this complementary therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/radioterapia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Carcinoma Adrenocortical/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int Braz J Urol ; 42(4): 671-7, 2016 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27564276

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the presentation and early surgical outcomes of elderly patients undergoing adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective search was performed of our adrenal disorders database for patients who underwent surgery for phaeochromocytoma or paraganglioma between 2009 and 2014. Patients >60 years old were classified as elderly. The clinical manifestations, intraoperative course, and early postoperative outcomes of elderly patients were compared to those of younger individuals (<60 years old). RESULTS: The mean (±standard deviation) age in the older (n=10) and younger (n=36) groups was 69.6±5.3 years and 34.0±12.9 years. Germ-line mutations were more common in younger patients (50.0% versus 0%; p=0.004), whereas incidental lesions were more common in the elderly (40.0% versus 5.3%; p=0.003). In both groups, surgery was most commonly performed by videolaparoscopy (90% in the elderly and 82% in the younger group), with similar intraoperative anesthetic and surgical outcomes. Postoperatively, the older group more commonly received vasoactive drugs (60.0% versus 10.5%; p<0.001) and had a longer intensive care unit stay (3.1±2.8 versus 1.4±1.0 days; p=0.014), more clinical complications (60% versus 18.9%; p=0.01), and longer hospital stay (10.2±8.4 versus 5.7±4.9 days; p=0.028). CONCLUSIONS: Although all patients received the same preoperative preparation, the elderly group exhibited a slower and more complicated recovery after adrenalectomy. Meticulous perioperative care should be used in the elderly when treating phaeochromocytoma; nevertheless, adrenalectomy is a relatively safe procedure in this patient population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia/normas , Feocromocitoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(4): 671-677, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-794685

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the presentation and early surgical outcomes of elderly patients undergoing adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma. Patients and Methods: A retrospective search was performed of our adrenal disorders database for patients who underwent surgery for phaeochromocytoma or paraganglioma between 2009 and 2014. Patients >60 years old were classified as elderly. The clinical manifestations, intraoperative course, and early postoperative outcomes of elderly patients were compared to those of younger individuals (<60 years old). Results: The mean (±standard deviation) age in the older (n=10) and younger (n=36) groups was 69.6±5.3 years and 34.0±12.9 years. Germ-line mutations were more common in younger patients (50.0% versus 0%; p=0.004), whereas incidental lesions were more common in the elderly (40.0% versus 5.3%; p=0.003). In both groups, surgery was most commonly performed by videolaparoscopy (90% in the elderly and 82% in the younger group), with similar intraoperative anesthetic and surgical outcomes. Postoperatively, the older group more commonly received vasoactive drugs (60.0% versus 10.5%; p<0.001) and had a longer intensive care unit stay (3.1±2.8 versus 1.4±1.0 days; p=0.014), more clinical complications (60% versus 18.9%; p=0.01), and longer hospital stay (10.2±8.4 versus 5.7±4.9 days; p=0.028). Conclusions: Although all patients received the same preoperative preparation, the elderly group exhibited a slower and more complicated recovery after adrenalectomy. Meticulous perioperative care should be used in the elderly when treating phaeochromocytoma; nevertheless, adrenalectomy is a relatively safe procedure in this patient population.

9.
Urology ; 90: 217-20, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26775074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To avoid hormonal replacement after partial adrenalectomy (PA), establishing the precise limit of an adrenal gland resection is essential. Herein, we evaluated the use of three-dimensional (3D) adrenal gland printing and volumetry measurement before PA to improve the determination of the remnant gland volume. METHODS: Concomitant total adrenalectomy and a contralateral PA were performed in a patient with primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia that exhibited mild hypercortisolism, arterial hypertension, and diabetes. Before surgery, a 3D replica of the adrenal gland to be partially resected was printed and given to the surgeon. The volumetry of the gland was measured by computed tomography 3D image reconstruction. RESULTS: No postoperative complications were noted. Immediately after the surgery, the patient initiated corticosteroid replacement, which was interrupted 52 days later. At the 6-month follow-up, the patient stopped using medications for diabetes and reduced the number of antihypertensive medications from 5 to 1. The pre- and postoperative serum cortisol levels were, respectively, 28 and 8.7 mcg/dl (n 5-25 mcg/dl). The pre- and postoperative adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were, respectively, <5 and 88 pg/ml (n 7.2-63 pg/ml). The postoperative adrenal volume was 12% of the total preoperative adrenal volume. CONCLUSION: The use of 3D printing associated with adrenal volumetry might be a useful tool for the surgeon when performing PA, enabling an estimation of the remnant gland volume.


Assuntos
Doenças das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Adrenalectomia/métodos , Impressão Tridimensional , Idoso , Humanos , Hiperplasia/cirurgia , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão
10.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 64(1): 23-8, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19142547

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Living donor nephrectomy is usually performed by a retroperitoneal flank incision. Due to the significant morbidity and long recovery time for a flank incision, anterior extra peritoneal sub-costal and transperitoneal video-laparoscopic methods have been described for donor nephrectomy. We prospectively compare the long-term results of donors as well as functional recipients submitted to these three approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 107 live donor renal transplantations were prospectively evaluated from May 2001 to January 2004. Donors were compared with regard to operative and warm ischemia time, postoperative pain, analgesic requirements, and complications. Recipients were compared with regard to graft function, acute cellular rejection, surgical complications, and graft and recipient survival. RESULTS: The mean operative and warm ischemia times were longer in the video-laparoscopic group (p<0.001), whereas patients of the flank incision group presented more postoperative pain (p=0.035), required more analgesics (p<0.001), had longer hospital stays (p<0.001), and suffered more pain on the 90th day after surgery (p=0.006). In the sub-costal and flank incision groups, there was a larger number of paraesthesias and abdominal wall asymmetries (p<0.001). Recipient groups were demographically comparable and presented similar acute tubular necrosis incidence and delayed graft function. The incidence of acute cellular rejection was higher in the video-laparoscopic and flank incision groups (p=0.013). There was no difference in serum creatinine levels, surgical complications, or recipient or graft survival between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The video-laparoscopic and sub-costal approaches proved to be safe, and to provide donor advantages relative to the flank incision approach. Among recipients, the complication rate, graft survival, and recipient survival were similar in all groups.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Adulto , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Laparoscopia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Clinics ; 64(1): 23-28, 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-501883

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Living donor nephrectomy is usually performed by a retroperitoneal flank incision. Due to the significant morbidity and long recovery time for a flank incision, anterior extra peritoneal sub-costal and transperitoneal video-laparoscopic methods have been described for donor nephrectomy. We prospectively compare the long-term results of donors as well as functional recipients submitted to these three approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 107 live donor renal transplantations were prospectively evaluated from May 2001 to January 2004. Donors were compared with regard to operative and warm ischemia time, postoperative pain, analgesic requirements, and complications. Recipients were compared with regard to graft function, acute cellular rejection, surgical complications, and graft and recipient survival. RESULTS: The mean operative and warm ischemia times were longer in the video-laparoscopic group (p<0.001), whereas patients of the flank incision group presented more postoperative pain (p=0.035), required more analgesics (p<0.001), had longer hospital stays (p<0.001), and suffered more pain on the 90th day after surgery (p=0.006). In the sub-costal and flank incision groups, there was a larger number of paraesthesias and abdominal wall asymmetries (p<0.001). Recipient groups were demographically comparable and presented similar acute tubular necrosis incidence and delayed graft function. The incidence of acute cellular rejection was higher in the video-laparoscopic and flank incision groups (p=0.013). There was no difference in serum creatinine levels, surgical complications, or recipient or graft survival between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The video-laparoscopic and sub-costal approaches proved to be safe, and to provide donor advantages relative to the flank incision approach. Among recipients, the complication rate, graft survival, and recipient survival were similar in all groups.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Creatinina/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Laparoscopia , Tempo de Internação , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Arch Esp Urol ; 61(2): 258-62, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18491744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is a common cause of urinary tract infections in children, being less commonly diagnosed in adults. Several anti-reflux plasties have been used successfully for the treatment of such condition, such as Politano-Leadbetter, Cohen and Gregoir-Lich techniques, the latter being our preferred approach in open procedures. Here we describe our experience with laparoscopic Gregoir-Lich anti-reflux plasty (LGLP) in children and adults. METHODS: The LGLP was used for the treatment of VUR in 15 patients (7 adults and 8 children). Four adults and 5 children had bilateral disease and both sides were treated at the same procedure. Data was collected prospectively and we analysed age at treatment, laterality, degree of VUR, previous anti-reflux procedures, operative time, number of detrusor stitches used in each side, intra-operative and post-operative complications, success rate and follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 23 ureteral units were treated. VUR was graded as I in one unit, II in 4 units, III in 10 units, IV in 7 units and 1 unit was not classified, as it was diagnosed by radioisotopic cystography. Two children had failed previous endoscopic procedures. There were no open conversions. Two muccosal perforations occurred during the procedure and were successfully treated laparoscopically. Nineteen out of 21 ureteral units (90%) presented no VUR at the cystographic control, and no bladder dysfunction was identified on follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The LGLP is a feasible, minimally invasive alternative for VUR that reproduces the open procedure. It has an excelent success rate and is not associated to bladder disfunction, even in bilateral procedures.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos
13.
J Endourol ; 22(4): 681-6, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18324896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A nonfunctioning inflammatory kidney is a challenging surgical condition for urologists. Some investigators recommend open surgery because of the surgical difficulties caused by the inflammatory process, whereas others try to apply the advantages of a "simple" non-hand-assisted laparoscopic approach. We report our experience with simple laparoscopic nephrectomy for inflammatory kidney management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July 2002 through December 2006, 50 pure laparoscopic nephrectomies were performed for inflammatory kidney (43 because of pyelonephritis, 5 for xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP), and 2 for pyonephrosis). Histopathologic analysis was the criterion used for inflammatory kidney diagnosis. Pain or recurrent urinary tract infection associated with a nonfunctioning excluded kidney was the eligibility criterion for the procedure. Preoperatively, all patients underwent complete image and functional renal assessment. Morcellation was used to remove surgical specimens. Conversion index, surgical difficulties, operative time, and postoperative complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Conversion was performed in 14 of 50 (28%) patients, including two with XGP and one with pyonephrosis. Adhesions, vascular (two inferior vena cava) lesions, and intestinal lesions (two colon) were the main causes of conversion. Acute pancreatitis developed in one patient, and one patient had a wound infection. Reoperations were unnecessary, and no deaths occurred. CONCLUSION: Pure laparoscopic nephrectomy was successful in 72% of patients with inflammatory kidneys. The laparoscopic dissection was useful even in those cases converted to open surgery. This is a high-risk procedure, however, and both surgeon and patient must be aware of that before the decision is made for this approach.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Pielonefrite/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 61(2): 258-262, mar. 2008. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-63185

RESUMO

Objectives: Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) is a common cause of urinary tract infections in children, being less commonly diagnosed in adults. Several anti-reflux plasties have been used successfully for the treatment of such condition, such as Politano-Leadbetter, Cohen and Gregoir-Lich techniques, the latter being our preferred approach in open procedures. Here we describe our experience with laparoscopic Gregoir-Lich anti-reflux plasty (LGLP) in children and adults. Methods: The LGLP was used for the treatment of VUR in 15 patients (7 adults and 8 children). Four adults and 5 children had bilateral disease and both sides were treated at the same procedure. Data was collected prospectively and we analysed age at treatment, laterality, degree of VUR, previous anti-reflux procedures, operative time, number of detrusor stitches used in each side, intra-operative and post-operative complications, success rate and follow-up. Results: A total of 23 ureteral units were treated. VUR was graded as I in one unit, II in 4 units, III in 10 units, IV in 7 units and 1 unit was not classified, as it was diagnosed by radioisotopic cystography. Two children had failed previous endoscopic procedures. There were no open conversions. Two muccosal perforations occurred during the procedure and were successfully treated laparoscopically. Nineteen out of 21 ureteral units (90%) presented no VUR at the cystographic control, and no bladder dysfunction was identified on follow-up. Conclusions: The LGLP is a feasible, minimally invasive alternative for VUR that reproduces the open procedure. It has an excelent success rate and is not associated to bladder disfunction, even in bilateral procedures (AU)


Objetivo: El reflujo vesicoureteral (RVU) es una causa común de infecciones del tracto urinario en niños, siendo diagnosticado con menos frecuencia en adultos. Se han utilizado varias técnicas antirreflujo para el tratamiento de dicha condición, como las técnicas de Politano-Leadbetter, Cohen y Gregoir-Lich, siendo ésta última nuestro abordaje preferido en cirugía abierta. Describimos nuestra experiencia con la plastia antirreflujo laparoscópica de Gregoir-Lich en niños y adultos. Métodos: La plastia de Gregoir-Lich laparoscópica fue utilizada en el tratamiento del RVU en 15 pacientes (7 adultos y 8 niños). Cuatro adultos y cinco niños respectivamente tenían reflujo bilateral, tratándose ambos lados en el mismo acto quirúrgico. Los datos fueron recogidos prospectivamente y se analizó edad en el momento el tratamiento, lado, grado de RVU, operaciones antirreflujo previas, tiempo operatorio, número de puntos del detrusor utilizados en cada lado, complicaciones intra y postoperatorias, tasa de éxitos y seguimiento. Resultados: Se trataron un total de 23 unidades ureterales. El RVU fue grado I en 1 uréter, II en 4, III en 10 y IV en 7, en un uréter no se asignó grado porque se diagnosticó mediante cistografía radioisotópica. Dos niños habían tenido operaciones endoscópicas previas que fracasaron. No hubo ninguna conversión a cirugía abierta. Hubo dos casos de perforación mucosa durante el procedimiento que fueron tratadas con éxito por vía laparoscópica. Diecinueve de las 21 unidades ureterales (90%) no presentaban RVU en el control mediante cistografía, y no se identificó disfunción vesical en el seguimiento. Conclusiones: La plastia laparoscópica de Gregoir-Lich es una alternativa factible, mínimamente invasiva para el RVU que reproduce el procedimiento abierto. Tiene un excelente porcentaje de éxitos y no se asocia con disfunción vesical, cruzó en procedimientos bilaterales (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Criança , Laparoscopia/métodos , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/diagnóstico , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/epidemiologia , Refluxo Vesicoureteral/cirurgia , Radioisótopos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico por Radioisótopos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Reimplante/instrumentação , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Infecções Urinárias/complicações , Infecções Urinárias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ureter/patologia , Ureter/cirurgia
15.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 61(6): 529-34, 2006 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17187088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal failure due to huge autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease usually have an umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis, which are very troublesome. Pretransplant bilateral nephrectomy techniques does not manage the umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis. We report our experience in performing bilateral nephrectomy and repairing the rectus abdominis diastasis and umbilical hernia through the one, small incision. METHODS: Four patients aged 37 to 43 years with huge polycystic kidneys, an umbilical hernia, and a rectus abdominis diastasis underwent bilateral pretransplant nephrectomy through a midline supraumbilical incision including the umbilical hernia defect. The kidneys were removed through this incision. The incision was closed with the transposition of rectus abdominis muscle, pants-over-vest-style, to correct the diastasis and the umbilical hernia. RESULTS: The average operative time was 160 minutes (range, 130-180); the average larger kidney size was 33 cm (range, 32-34 cm); no major complications occurred; one patient who had preoperative low hemoglobin required blood transfusion. Patients were discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 7 with an esthetically pleasing belly, no rectus abdominis diastasis, and no umbilical hernia. One to two months after bilateral nephrectomy, the patients received a live donor kidney with an uneventful outcome. CONCLUSION: A midline supraumbilical incision is an excellent approach for bilateral nephrectomy of huge polycystic kidneys. In addition, an umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis may be successfully repaired through same incision with good cosmetic results.


Assuntos
Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/cirurgia , Reto do Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Masculino , Nefrectomia/normas , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
16.
Clinics ; 61(6): 529-534, 2006. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-439371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal failure due to huge autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease usually have an umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis, which are very troublesome. Pretransplant bilateral nephrectomy techniques does not manage the umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis. We report our experience in performing bilateral nephrectomy and repairing the rectus abdominis diastasis and umbilical hernia through the one, small incision. METHODS: Four patients aged 37 to 43 years with huge polycystic kidneys, an umbilical hernia, and a rectus abdominis diastasis underwent bilateral pretransplant nephrectomy through a midline supraumbilical incision including the umbilical hernia defect. The kidneys were removed through this incision. The incision was closed with the transposition of rectus abdominis muscle, pants-over-vest-style, to correct the diastasis and the umbilical hernia. RESULTS: The average operative time was 160 minutes (range, 130-180); the average larger kidney size was 33 cm (range, 32-34 cm); no major complications occurred; one patient who had preoperative low hemoglobin required blood transfusion. Patients were discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 7 with an esthetically pleasing belly, no rectus abdominis diastasis, and no umbilical hernia. One to two months after bilateral nephrectomy, the patients received a live donor kidney with an uneventful outcome. CONCLUSION: A midline supraumbilical incision is an excellent approach for bilateral nephrectomy of huge polycystic kidneys. In addition, an umbilical hernia and rectus abdominis diastasis may be successfully repaired through same incision with good cosmetic results.


INTRODUÇÃO: Pacientes com insuficiência renal terminal por Doença Renal Policística Autossômica Dominante geralmente apresentam hérnia umbilical e diástase de músculo reto abdominal, que são muito problemáticas. Técnicas de nefrectomia bilateral pré-transplante não dão atenção à hérnia umbilical e à diástase do músculo reto abdominal. Relatamos nossa experiência com nefrectomia bilateral e correção da diastase de músculo reto abdominal e hérnia umbilical através de uma única pequena incisão. MÉTODOS: Quatro pacientes com idade entre 37 a 43 anos com Doença Renal Policística Autossômica Dominante gigante, hérnia umbilical e diástase do múculo reto abdominal foram submetidos à nefrectomia bilateral pré-transplante através de incisão mediana supra-umbilical incluindo o defeito herniário umbilical. Os rins foram removidos através da pequena incisão mediana. A incisão foi fechada com transposição do músculo reto abdominal tipo jaquetão para corrigir a diastase e a hernia umbilical. RESULTADOS: O tempo operatório médio foi 160 minutos (130-180); o tamanho médio do maior rim foi 33cm (32-34); não ocorreram grandes complicações; um paciente, que tinha baixo nível de hemoglobina pré-operatório e precisou de transfusão sangüínea. Pacientes receberam alta hospitalar no 7° pós-operatório com abdome de boa aparência, sem diástase de músculo reto abdominal e sem hérnia umbilical. Os pacientes receberam enxerto renal de doador vivo um ou dois meses após a nefrectomia bilateral, sem intercorrências. CONCLUSÃO: A incisão mediana supra-umbilical é uma abordagem excelente para nefrectomia bilateral de rins policísticos gigantes. Além disso, a hernia umbilical e a diastase de músculo reto abdominal podem ser corrigidas com sucesso pela mesma incisão, com bons resultados cosméticos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/cirurgia , Reto do Abdome/cirurgia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 30(2): 119-120, Mar.-Apr. 2004. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-392218

RESUMO

The juxtaglomerular cell tumor is a cause of secondary hypertension in adults. A 35-year-old female patient suffering from hypertension and low serum potassium had a 3 x 3 cm solid mass at the lower pole of left kidney diagnosed by abdominal sonography. Partial nephrectomy was performed and the postoperatory was uneventful. Normalization of blood pressure was observed within the first month.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Renal/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Sistema Justaglomerular/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais
18.
Int Braz J Urol ; 30(2): 119-20, 2004 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15703093

RESUMO

The juxtaglomerular cell tumor is a cause of secondary hypertension in adults. A 35-year-old female patient suffering from hypertension and low serum potassium had a 3 x 3 cm solid mass at the lower pole of left kidney diagnosed by abdominal sonography. Partial nephrectomy was performed and the postoperatory was uneventful. Normalization of blood pressure was observed within the first month.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Renal/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Sistema Justaglomerular/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Radiografia
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