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1.
Thromb Haemost ; 2021 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33581698

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: FVIII inhibitor development is the most serious contemporary treatment complication in haemophilia A, particularly in previously untreated patients (PUPs). No inhibitors developed in clinical trials in previously treated patients treated with simoctocog alfa (Nuwiq), a fourth-generation recombinant FVIII produced in a human cell line. METHODS: The NuProtect study investigated the immunogenicity of simoctocog alfa in PUPs. NuProtect was a prospective, multinational, open-label, non-controlled, phase III study. PUPs with severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C <1%) of any age and ethnicity were treated with simoctocog alfa for 100 exposure days or a maximum of 5 years. Patients were true PUPs without prior exposure to FVIII concentrates or blood components. Inhibitor titres were measured with the Nijmegen-modified Bethesda assay; cut-off for positivity was 0.6 BU mL-1 (≥0.6 to <5 low-titre, ≥5 high titre). RESULTS: A total of 108 PUPs with a median age at first treatment of 12.0 months (interquartile range: 8.0-23.5) were treated with simoctocog alfa. F8 mutation type was known for 102 patients (94.4%) of whom 90 (88.2%) had null F8 mutations and 12 (11.8%) had non-null mutations. Of 105 PUPs evaluable for inhibitor development, 28 (26.7%) developed inhibitors; 17 high titre (16.2%) and 11 low titre (10.5%). No PUPs with non-null F8 mutations developed inhibitors. CONCLUSION: In the NuProtect study, the rate of inhibitor development in PUPs with severe haemophilia A treated with simoctocog alfa was lower than the rate reported for hamster-cell-derived recombinant factor VIII products in other recent clinical trials. No inhibitors were reported in PUPs with non-null F8 mutations.

3.
Haemophilia ; 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497409

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recombinant factor IX Fc fusion protein (rFIXFc) has demonstrated efficacy for treatment of haemophilia B in the Phase 3 B-LONG and Kids B-LONG studies. However, long-term rFIXFc safety and efficacy data have not yet been reported. AIM: To report long-term rFIXFc safety and efficacy in subjects with haemophilia B. METHODS: B-YOND (NCT01425723) was an open-label extension for eligibl previously treated subjects who completed B-LONG or Kids B-LONG. Subjects received ≥1 treatment regimen: weekly prophylaxis (WP), individualized interval prophylaxis (IP), modified prophylaxis or episodic treatment. Subjects could switch regimens at any time. The primary endpoint was inhibitor development. RESULTS: Ninety-three subjects from B-LONG and 27 from Kids B-LONG (aged 3-63 years) were enrolled. Most subjects received WP (B-LONG: n = 51; Kids B-LONG: n = 23). For subjects from B-LONG, median (range) treatment duration was 4.0 (0.3-5.4) years and median (range) number of exposure days (EDs) was 146 (8-462) EDs. Corresponding values for paediatric subjects were 2.6 (0.2-3.9) years and 132 (50-256) EDs. No inhibitors were observed (0 per 1000 subject-years; 95% confidence interval, 0-8.9) and the overall rFIXFc safety profile was consistent with prior studies. Annualized bleed rates remained low and extended-dosing intervals were maintained for most subjects. Median dosing interval for the IP group was approximately 14 days for adults and adolescents (n = 31) and 10 days for paediatric subjects (n = 5). CONCLUSIONS: B-YOND results confirm the long-term (up to 5 years, with cumulative duration up to 6.5 years) well-characterized safety and efficacy of rFIXFc treatment for haemophilia B.

4.
Thromb Res ; 191: 22-25, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360976

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Congenital factor XIII deficiency is a very rare bleeding disorder affecting 33 patients in France. Besides its role in fibrin clot stabilization, factor XIII is involved in placental attachment. Fetal miscarriages represent a frequent and concerning issue for these patients. The aim of the present study was to describe clinical characteristics of women presenting severe congenital FXIII deficiency in France, to focus on gynecological and obstetrical events, and to report the management of these rare situations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study in the French Hemophilia Comprehensive Care and Clinical Hemostasis Centers. Women between 15 and 65 years with factor XIII activity <10 IU dL-1 were included. Biological, clinical and therapeutic events that occurred to these patients during their gynecological and obstetrical period were recorded. RESULTS: Among 31 centers, eleven patients were included. The median age at diagnosis was 1.5 years (range: 0-35), and at inclusion it was 30 years (range: 15-63). Fetal miscarriage was the primary manifestations in 2 (18%) patients, the remaining were diagnosed during hemorrhage. Menorrhagias were reported by 2 women (27%), 13 pregnancies were reported by 9 women including one abortion. Every pregnancy was conducted under factor XIII substitution, no hemorrhagic episode was reported. Four patients (36%) experienced at least one fetal miscarriage with a total amount of 30 miscarriages with 6 occurring during substitution. CONCLUSION: Altogether, our data confirmed the high incidence of miscarriage in women with factor XIII deficiency. Good outcome of pregnancies required prophylaxis in accordance with international guidelines.

5.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(8): 1922-1933, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A triple-secured plasma-derived von Willebrand factor (pdVWF) almost devoid of factor VIII (FVIII):WILFACTIN® , was approved in France in 2003, and then in other countries for the treatment of patients with von Willebrand disease (VWD). OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term safety and efficacy of the product in real-life over the first 5 post-approval years. PATIENTS/METHODS: This prospective, observational, national post-marketing study (PMS) enrolled patients of all ages and VWD types. Patients were observed for up to 3 years and treated for one or more occasions. Efficacy was assessed for each major event. Breakthrough bleeding rate 3 days post-infusion and annualized bleeding rate (ABR) were also evaluated for long-term prophylaxis. RESULTS: Overall, 155 of 174 patients enrolled from 31 centers were eligible for efficacy assessment. Most patients (76.8%) were severely affected (VWF:RCo ≤ 15 IU/dL). They were treated for 743 bleeds and 140 surgeries including childbirth. Efficacy outcomes were excellent/good for 98.2% of 56 major surgeries and 94.0% of 67 major bleeds. Approximately 75% of 49 major mucosal bleeds were effectively managed without FVIII co-administration. In 32 patients receiving prophylaxis, breakthrough bleeding occurred in 1.5% of infusions and median ABR was 1.0 for 20 patients treated ≥ 12 months. Excellent tolerability was confirmed with no safety concerns. No thrombotic events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Results from this PMS increase the clinical experience of a FVIII-poor pdVWF in patients of all ages and VWD types including those with thrombotic risk factors and emphasize that giving FVIII is not always mandatory to effectively treat patients with severe VWD.

6.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(4): 599-606, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185782

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A phase 3b extension study evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of a recombinant fusion protein-linking coagulation factor IX (FIX) with albumin (rIX-FP) for the routine prophylaxis and on-demand treatment of bleeding in pediatric hemophilia B patients. METHODS: Previously treated patients aged <12 years with moderate to severe hemophilia B enrolled in a 3-year extension study following a phase 3 pivotal study in which they received weekly rIX-FP prophylaxis. In the extension study, they could maintain or extend their prophylaxis interval to every 10 or 14 days if they were well controlled on the 7-day regimen. RESULTS: Compared with their initial regimen, by the end of the study, dosing intervals were the same, extended, and shortened in 16, 4, and 4 patients, respectively. Very low annualized spontaneous bleeding rates (AsBRs) were observed; median AsBR was 0.0 for the 7- and 10-day regimens, and 1.1 for the 14-day regimen. The 7- and 14-day regimens were comparable in preventing spontaneous bleeds; mean (95% confidence interval) difference in AsBR of -1.2 (-2.6 to 0.3) bleeding episodes/year/subject. Overall, 96% of bleeding episodes were successfully treated with one or two injections of rIX-FP. Patients on a 14-day regimen maintained a mean steady-state trough FIX level of >7.2 IU/dL. No patient developed an inhibitor. CONCLUSION: This extension study demonstrated the long-term safety and efficacy of weekly rIX-FP in pediatric patients. Additionally, it showed that adequate bleed protection can be achieved with 10- or 14-day rIX-FP regimens in selected pediatric patients while maintaining safety.

8.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919092

RESUMO

The incidence of FIX inhibitors in severe hemophilia B (SHB) is not well defined. Frequencies of 3-5% have been reported but most studies to date were small, including patients with different severities, and without prospective follow-up for inhibitor incidence. Study objective was to investigate inhibitor incidence in patients with SHB followed up to 500 exposure days (ED), the frequency of allergic reactions, and the relationship with genotypes. Consecutive previously untreated patients (PUPs) with SHB enrolled into the PedNet cohort were included. Detailed data was collected for the first 50 ED, followed by annual collection of inhibitor status and allergic reactions. Presence of inhibitors was defined by at least two consecutive positive samples. Additionally, data on factor IX gene mutation was collected. 154 PUPs with SHB were included; 75% were followed until 75 ED, and 43% until 500 ED. Inhibitors developed in 14 patients (7 high-titre). Median number of ED at inhibitor manifestation was 11 (IQR 6.5-36.5). Cumulative inhibitor incidence was 9.3% (95%CI 4.4-14.1) at 75 ED, and 10.2% (5.1-15.3) at 500 ED. Allergic reactions occurred in 4 (28.6%) inhibitor patients. Missense mutations were most frequent (46.8%) overall but not associated with inhibitors. Nonsense mutations and deletions with large structural changes comprised all mutations among inhibitor patients and were associated with an inhibitor risk of 26.9% and 33.3%, respectively. In an unselected, well-defined cohort of PUPs with SHB, cumulative inhibitor incidence was 10.2% at 500 ED. Nonsense mutations and large deletions were strongly associated with the risk of inhibitor development. The PedNet Registry is registered at clinicaltrials.gov; identifier: NCT02979119.

10.
Br J Haematol ; 188(2): 317-320, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414482

RESUMO

This FranceCoag network study assessed 33 patients with congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency presenting FXIII levels <10 iu/dl. Diagnosis was based on abnormal bleeding in 29 patients, a positive family history in 2, recurrent miscarriages in 1 and was fortuitous in 1. Eighteen patients (62·1%) presented life-threatening umbilical or intracranial haemorrhages (ICH). Seven of the 15 patients who experienced ICH were diagnosed but untreated, including 3 with secondary neurological sequelae. All pregnancies without prophylaxis (26/26) led to miscarriages versus 3/16 with prophylaxis. In patients exhibiting FXIII levels <10 iu/dl, prophylaxis could be discussed at diagnosis and at pregnancy. Further controlled prospective studies are needed.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator XIII , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Intern Med ; 171(8): 540-546, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499529

RESUMO

Background: The large observed variability in hemophilia prevalence prevents robust estimation of burden of disease. Objective: To estimate the prevalence and prevalence at birth of hemophilia and the associated life expectancy disadvantage. Design: Random-effects meta-analysis of registry data. Setting: Australia, Canada, France, Italy, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Participants: Male patients with hemophilia A or B. Measurements: Prevalence of hemophilia as a proportion of cases to the male population, prevalence of hemophilia at birth as a proportion of cases to live male births by year of birth, life expectancy disadvantage as a 1 - ratio of prevalence to prevalence at birth, and expected number of patients worldwide based on prevalence in high-income countries and prevalence at birth. Results: Prevalence (per 100 000 males) is 17.1 cases for all severities of hemophilia A, 6.0 cases for severe hemophilia A, 3.8 cases for all severities of hemophilia B, and 1.1 cases for severe hemophilia B. Prevalence at birth (per 100 000 males) is 24.6 cases for all severities of hemophilia A, 9.5 cases for severe hemophilia A, 5.0 cases for all severities of hemophilia B, and 1.5 cases for severe hemophilia B. The life expectancy disadvantage for high-income countries is 30% for hemophilia A, 37% for severe hemophilia A, 24% for hemophilia B, and 27% for severe hemophilia B. The expected number of patients with hemophilia worldwide is 1 125 000, of whom 418 000 should have severe hemophilia. Limitation: Details were insufficient to adjust for comorbid conditions and ethnicity. Conclusion: The prevalence of hemophilia is higher than previously estimated. Patients with hemophilia still have a life expectancy disadvantage. Establishing prevalence at birth is a milestone toward assessing years of life lost, years of life with disability, and burden of disease. Primary Funding Source: None.


Assuntos
Hemofilia A/epidemiologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Itália/epidemiologia , Expectativa de Vida , Masculino , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
12.
Haemophilia ; 25(5): 731-737, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294904

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Emicizumab (Hemlibra® ) recently became available and requires an adaptation for managing bleeding, suspected bleeding and emergency or scheduled invasive procedures in haemophilia A patients with inhibitor. This implicates a multidisciplinary approach and redaction of recommendations for care that must be regularly adapted to the available data. AIM: The following text aims to provide a guide for the management of people with haemophilia A with inhibitor treated with emicizumab in case of bleeding or invasives procedures. METHODS: The French network on inherited bleeding disorders (MHEMO), the French Reference Centre on Haemophilia (CRH), in collaboration with the French Working Group on Perioperative Haemostasis (GIHP) have been working together to make proposals for the management of these situations. RESULTS: Haemostatic treatment and other medications should be given stepwise, according to the severity and location of the bleeding or the risk of bleeding of the procedure as well as the haemostatic response obtained at each step in order to ensure an optimal benefit/risk ratio. CONCLUSION: The lack of data means that it is only possible to issue proposals rather than recommendations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/farmacologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , França , Hemostasia , Humanos
14.
Haemophilia ; 25(3): 398-407, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066174

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Standard treatment of congenital haemophilia A is based on replacement therapy with coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) products. A major complication of FVIII therapy is the occurrence of IgG alloantibodies (inhibitors) that neutralize FVIII activity. AIM: The aim of the analysis was estimating the risk of high-titre inhibitor associated with the second-generation full-length product compared to third-generation full-length product and other recombinant FVIII (rFVIII). METHODS: We conducted a combined analysis of individual patient data from three large studies in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe haemophilia A. RESULTS: A total of 1109 PUPs were treated from 1993 to 2013 including 787 PUPs treated from 2004 onwards (primary analysis cohort). A total of 322 patients (29.0%) developed an inhibitor, of which 192 (17.3%) a high-titre inhibitor. In the primary analysis set, 29.9% of patients developed an inhibitor and 17.2% a high-titre inhibitor. The combined analysis indicated a lower risk of high-titre inhibitor development for the third-generation rFVIII product compared to the second-generation rFVIII product (primary analysis: adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.49 to 1.06). Adjusted HR for all inhibitor development was significantly lower for the third-generation product compared to the second-generation product. CONCLUSION: The trend of an increased risk of inhibitor development in PUPs for one recombinant product illustrates that extrapolation from one recombinant factor VIII product to other products might not be justified.


Assuntos
Fator VIII/imunologia , Fator VIII/uso terapêutico , Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico , Hemofilia A/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Thromb Haemost ; 119(6): 906-915, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30934104

RESUMO

Factor XIIIa (fXIIIa) is a transglutaminase that plays a crucial role in fibrin clot stabilization and regulation of fibrinolysis. It is known to bind to procoagulant platelets. In contrast, the zymogen fXIII interaction with platelets is not well characterized. We investigated the interaction of zymogen fXIII with activated platelet subpopulations. Confocal microscopy and flow cytometry using fluorescently labelled factors and antibodies. Phosphatidylserine (PS)-positive activated platelets bound 700 to 800 molecules/cell of fXIII at 100 nM, while both PS-negative activated platelets and resting platelets bound 200 to 400 molecules/cell. The binding was reversible, calcium-independent and linear within the fXIII concentration range of up to 1,000 nM. fXIII predominantly bound to the caps of procoagulant platelets and co-localized with fibrinogen. Exogenous fibrinogen promoted fXIII binding by activated PS-negative platelets; this effect was abolished by the integrin αIIbß3 antagonist monafram. The fXIII binding was 1.5- to 3-fold decreased for platelets from four patients with grey platelet syndrome, and was variable for platelets from six patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia. Strong platelet stimulation, fibrinogen and αIIbß3 play essential roles in fXIII binding, without any of them fXIII does not bind to platelets. The preferential binding in the cap-like structures might be important for increasing local fXIII concentration in platelet thrombi.


Assuntos
Afibrinogenemia/metabolismo , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Fator VIII/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Trombastenia/metabolismo , Afibrinogenemia/genética , Coagulação Sanguínea , Precursores Enzimáticos , Fibrinólise , Humanos , Ativação Plaquetária , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas/genética , Ligação Proteica
16.
Endocr Connect ; 8(4): 349-359, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844749

RESUMO

Background/objective: The number of long-term survivors of childhood acute leukemia (AL) is substantially growing. These patients are at high risk for metabolic syndrome (MS), especially those who received total body irradiation (TBI). The consequences of children's irradiation on adipose tissue (AT) development in adulthood are currently unknown. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of TBI on AT of childhood AL survivors. Design: We compared the morphological and functional characteristics of AT among survivors of childhood AL who developed MS and received (n = 12) or not received (n = 12) TBI. Subjects/methods: Body fat distribution and ectopic fat stores (abdominal visceral and liver fat) were evaluated by DEXA, MRI and 1H-spectroscopy. Functional characteristics of subcutaneous AT were investigated by studying gene expression and pre-adipocyte differentiation in culture. Results: Patients who have received TBI exhibited a lower BMI (minus 5 kg/m2) and a lower waist circumference (minus 14 cm), especially irradiated women. Despite the lower quantity of intra-abdominal AT, irradiated patient displayed a nearly two-fold greater content of liver fat when compared to non-irradiated patient (17 vs 9%, P = 0.008). These lipodystrophic-like features are supplemented by molecular abnormalities in subcutaneous AT of irradiated patients: decrease of gene expression of SREBP1 (minus 39%, P = 0.01) and CIDEA (minus 36%, P = 0.004) and a clear alteration of pre-adipocyte differentiation. Conclusions: These results strongly support the direct effect of irradiation on AT, especially in women, leading to specific nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, despite lower BMI. A long-term appropriate follow-up is necessary for these patients.

17.
Haematologica ; 104(10): 2100-2106, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792204

RESUMO

The optimal mode of delivery for a pregnant hemophilia carrier is still a matter of debate. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage and other major bleeds in neonates with moderate and severe hemophilia in relationship to mode of delivery and known family history. A total of 926 neonates, 786 with severe and 140 with moderate hemophilia were included in this PedNet multicenter study. Vaginal delivery was performed in 68.3% (n=633) and Cesarean section in 31.6% (n=293). Twenty intracranial hemorrhages (2.2%) and 44 other major bleeds (4.8%) occurred. Intracranial hemorrhages occurred in 2.4% of neonates following vaginal delivery compared to 1.7% after Cesarean section (P=not significant); other major bleeds occurred in 4.2% born by vaginal delivery and in 5.8% after Cesarean section (P=not significant). Further analysis of subgroups (n=813) identified vaginal delivery with instruments being a significant risk factor for both intracranial hemorrhages and major bleeds (Relative Risk: 4.78-7.39; P<0.01); no other significant differences were found between vaginal delivery without instruments, Cesarean section prior to and during labor. There was no significant difference in frequency for intracranial hemorrhages and major bleeds between a planned Cesarean section and a planned vaginal delivery. Children with a family history of hemophilia (n=466) were more likely to be born by Cesarean section (35.8% vs 27.6%), but no difference in the rate of intracranial hemorrhages or major bleeds was found. In summary, vaginal delivery and Cesarean section carry similar risks of intracranial hemorrhages and major bleeds. The 'PedNet Registry' is registered at clinicaltrials.gov identifier: 02979119.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Hemofilia A/epidemiologia , Doenças do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez
18.
Haemophilia ; 25(2): 343-348, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690836

RESUMO

The thrombin generation (TG) assay evaluates haemostatic balance, which is influenced by the levels of many coagulation factors and inhibitors. Our objective was to identify the determinant factors of TG in haemophilia A (HA) and haemophilia B (HB) patients and to compare them to those in healthy controls. Coagulation factor and inhibitor levels, and TG, were measured in platelet-poor plasma from 40 patients with HA, 32 patients with HB and 40 healthy subjects. Data were analysed using multiple regression models. In HA patients, factor VIII was a positive determinant of endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and peak, whereas tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and factor V were negative determinants of ETP and peak. In HB patients, FIX was a positive determinant of ETP and peak, FVII being a positive determinant of peak. Antithrombin and protein S (PS) were negative determinants of ETP while FX was a negative determinant of peak. Above all, in HB patients, TFPI was a negative determinant of ETP and peak. In healthy subjects, FVIII was a positive determinant of ETP and peak, whereas FX and protein S were negative determinants of these parameters. TFPI was not a negative determinant of either peak or ETP. In haemophilic patients, the determinant factors of TG are all implicated in FXa generation and inhibition, the crucial determinant factor being TFPI whatever the type of haemophilia, A or B. These findings contribute to the rationale that recently place TFPI as a target for innovative therapies of haemophilia.


Assuntos
Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea/métodos , Hemofilia A/diagnóstico , Hemofilia B/diagnóstico , Lipoproteínas/análise , Trombina/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Fatores de Coagulação Sanguínea/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemofilia A/patologia , Hemofilia B/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(2): 171-181, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671780

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are associated in the definition of Evans syndrome (ES). The occurrence of neurological involvement in this population is poorly described and suggests an underlying primary immunodeficiency (PID). We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, evolution, and PID profiles of these patients. METHODS: OBS'CEREVANCE is a French, nationwide prospective cohort that includes children with chronic ITP, AIHA, and ES. Patients with a neurological involvement were described. Centralized radiological and pathological reviews and genetic analyses were performed. RESULTS: On October 2016, eight patients (7/181 ES, 1/371 AIHA, and 0/615 ITP) were identified, all male, with a median age (range) at cytopenia onset of 11.5 years (1.6-15.8). Neurological symptoms appeared with a median delay of 6 years (2.5-18) after cytopenia and were polymorphic: seizures (n = 4), cranial nerve palsy (n = 2), Brown-Sequard syndrome (n = 2), intracranial pressure (n = 2), vertigo (n = 1), and/or sensory neuropathy (n = 1). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed inflammatory lesions, confirmed by pathology for five patients with macrophagic or lymphoplasmocytic infiltrates. All patients had other relevant immunopathological manifestations: pulmonary nodules (n = 6), lymphoproliferation (n = 4), abnormal immunophenotype (n = 8), and hypogammaglobulinemia (n = 7). Treatment consisted of steroids that improved symptomatology and MRI. Five patients relapsed and three had an asymptomatic radiological progression. A PID was identified in 3/8 patients: 22q11.2 microdeletion (n = 1) and CTLA deficiency (n = 2). CONCLUSION: Neurological involvement is a rare and severe late event in the course of childhood ES, which can reveal an underlying PID. Imaging and pathology examination highlight a causative immune dysregulation that may guide targeted therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Trombocitopenia , Adolescente , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/diagnóstico , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Masculino , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/diagnóstico , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/diagnóstico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Trombocitopenia/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Nephrol Ther ; 15(2): 77-81, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660587

RESUMO

Hemophilia A is an X-linked genetic hemorrhagic disorder characterized by a factor VIII deficiency. The availability of secured substitution products has led to a dramatic improvement of life expectancy in hemophiliac patients. Nowadays, adult hemophiliac patients may develop Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) resulting from age-related comorbidities (hypertension, obesity, diabetes). In addition, the high prevalence of viral infections in this population exposes patients to an increased risk of CKD. The risk of hemorrhage in hemophiliac patients is a challenge for their clinical management, both for diagnostic procedures (kidney biopsy in particular) and for renal replacement therapy (dialysis or renal transplantation) when it is needed. This work provides an update of the literature data concerning the management of hemophiliac patients in nephrology, illustrated by the cases of two patients.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Hemofilia A/complicações , Diálise Renal/métodos , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Benzofuranos/uso terapêutico , Cateteres de Demora , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/complicações , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Quinoxalinas/uso terapêutico , Replicação Viral
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