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1.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aging face is characterized by skin laxity and volume loss. Attenuation of facial retaining ligaments significantly contributes to skin sagginess and soft tissue volume loss. AIMS: We designed a prospective cohort study to quantitatively assess the efficacy of hyaluronic acid (HA) with adjunct poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) injections in strengthening the retaining ligaments. PATIENTS/METHODS: A total of 12 Asian women were treated with HA injections to the orbital, zygomatic, buccal-maxillary, and mandibular retaining ligaments with adjunct supraperiosteal and subdermal PLLA injections to the temporal region, midface, and lower face. Cephalometric measurements were done before treatment and 2, 4, 12, and 24 weeks post-procedurally. RESULTS: Eyebrow peak and tail angles increased 20.0° ± 3.8° to 21.0° ± 3.8° (p < 0.05) and -2.9° ± 4.2° to -1.3° ± 3.3° (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-orbital-rim distance increased 1.9 ± 2.0 mm to 3.9 ± 1.5 mm (p < 0.001) at week 12. Eyebrow-to-upper-eyelid distance increased 11.6 ± 3.0 mm to 12.7 ± 3.2 mm (p < 0.001) at week 24. Eyebrow-peak-to-lateral-limbus distance decreased 6.1 ± 3.1 mm to 5.3 ± 2.4 mm (p < 0.05) at week 4. Tragus-oral-commissure length and lower-facial-contouring length decreased 281 ± 11 mm to 275 ± 10 mm (p < 0.01) and 297 ± 14 to 292 ± 11 mm (p < 0.05) at week 12, respectively. CONCLUSION: Hyaluronic acid injection for strengthening of facial retaining ligaments with adjunct PLLA is viable, safe, and effective in facial rejuvenation as supported by quantitative data.

3.
J Reconstr Microsurg ; 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various studies have discussed the benefits of applying three-dimensional (3D) techniques, specifically its advantages with respect to ergonomics, feasibility, and the rate of learning achievable in microsurgery training. However, no study has been conducted that compares the operator experience of using two-dimensional (2D) and 3D systems in microsurgical training. The aim of this study is to compare 2D- and 3D-assisted microsurgical training in novices based on anastomosis of chicken femoral arteries. METHODS: The participants were grouped by previous microsurgical experience. Group A includes novice participants. Group B includes 2D-experienced participants. Group C includes both participants in groups A and B. A questionnaire composed of 10 parameters in the field of image quality, dexterity, ergonomic, and feasibility will be filled out after each participant finished their anastomoses by the 2D and 3D systems. RESULTS: The results demonstrated 3D system was scored better on "field of view" (p = 0.004), "less tremor" (p = 0.005), "neck/upper back comfort" (p = 0.043), "lower back comfort" (p = 0.015), "technical feasibility" (p = 0.020), and "educational feasibility" (p = 0.004) in group A (N = 12). In group B (N = 9), 3D system was scored better on "field of view" (p = 0.041) but worse on "image resolution" (p = 0.031). CONCLUSION: With the 3D visualization system for microsurgical anastomosis of chicken femoral model, there are significant improvements in the field of view, stability, ergonomics, and educational value compared with 2D system among all participants. Accordingly, 3D-assisted microsurgery training can be a novel and potential popular training method.

4.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34441432

RESUMO

Dark skin-type individuals have a greater tendency to have pigmentary disorders, among which melasma is especially refractory to treat and often recurs. Objective measurement of melanin amount helps evaluate the treatment response of pigmentary disorders. However, naked-eye evaluation is subjective to weariness and bias. We used a cellular resolution full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) to assess melanin features of melasma lesions and perilesional skin on the cheeks of eight Asian patients. A computer-aided detection (CADe) system is proposed to mark and quantify melanin. This system combines spatial compounding-based denoising convolutional neural networks (SC-DnCNN), and through image processing techniques, various types of melanin features, including area, distribution, intensity, and shape, can be extracted. Through evaluations of the image differences between the lesion and perilesional skin, a distribution-based feature of confetti melanin without layering, two distribution-based features of confetti melanin in stratum spinosum, and a distribution-based feature of grain melanin at the dermal-epidermal junction, statistically significant findings were achieved (p-values = 0.0402, 0.0032, 0.0312, and 0.0426, respectively). FF-OCT enables the real-time observation of melanin features, and the CADe system with SC-DnCNN was a precise and objective tool with which to interpret the area, distribution, intensity, and shape of melanin on FF-OCT images.

5.
Int Wound J ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184411

RESUMO

Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) decreases postoperative complications of various surgeries. However, the use of NPWT for oncological surgical wounds remains controversial. To evaluate the association of NPWT with oncologic recurrence in surgical wounds without residual malignancy, we analysed studies that compared NPWT with conventional non-pressure dressings for cancer surgical wounds without residual tumour by August 12, 2020. We compared tumour recurrence rates and postoperative complications between the two procedures. The six studies included 118 patients who received NPWT, and 149 patients who received conventional non-pressure wound care. The overall quality of the included studies was high based on the Newcastle-Ottawa scale score of 7.5. Tumour recurrence after NPWT was not significantly different compared with conventional non-negative pressure wound care (9.3% versus 11.4%, P = 0.40). There was no significant heterogeneity between the studies (I2  = 3%). Although NTWT was associated with a lower complication rate compared with the control group, the result was non-significant (P = 0.15). Application of NPWT in oncologic resection wounds without residual malignancy revealed no difference in local recurrence and may reduce the risk of postoperative complications compared with conventional non-negative pressure dressings. NPWT can be considered an alternative method for reconstruction in challenging cases.

7.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(4)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807397

RESUMO

(1) Background: A high volume of chylous leakage (>1 L/day) is a potentially lethal complication after neck dissection. However, a strategic treatment for when the leakage progresses from high to massive (>4 L/day) is lacking. (2) Methods: The PubMed database was searched for articles on neck dissection-associated chylous leakage. Nine articles that included 14 cases with >1 L/day chylous leakage (CL) were analyzed. (3) Results: Of the nine patients with 1-4 L/day CL, three were successfully managed with conservative treatment, two with thoracic ductal ligation, three with ductal embolization, and one with local repair with a strap muscle flap. Of the remaining five cases with >4 L/day chylous leakage, three were successfully treated with the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) and one was successfully treated with thoracic ductal ligation and one case died. (4) Conclusions: In this review, when leakage was >4 L/day, the aforementioned interventions were ineffective, but applying the PMMF could rescue the intractable complication. We propose a strategic treatment for high (1-4 L/day) and massive (>4 L/day) chylous leakage.

8.
Dermatol Surg ; 47(1): e10-e14, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Picosecond lasers appear to be effective and safe in treating pigmentation and photoaging disorders through laser-induced optical breakdown. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the feasibility of photorejuvenation using picosecond lasers with diffractive lens array (DLA) in patients with melasma. METHODS: Ten Asian (N = 10) women with melasma and Fitzpatrick skin Type IV were enrolled and treated using 755-nm picosecond alexandrite lasers with DLA. All individuals were assessed before treatment, and at 12, 20 weeks, and 1 year by post-hoc test on melasma area and severity index (MASI) and with VISIA Complexion Analysis System using percentile rank for measurement. RESULTS: The median participant age was 46.5 years. The average MASI continually and significantly (p < .05) decreased until the 1-year follow-up, with the photoaging characteristics, such as wrinkles and red areas improving simultaneously (p < .05). Spots, texture, pores, ultraviolet (UV) spots, brown spots, and porphyrins exhibited alleviation, but this improvement relapsed by the 1-year follow-up. No postinflammatory hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation occurred. CONCLUSION: In patients with melasma, picosecond laser treatment with DLA may alleviate pigmentation disorder and the related photoaging characteristics (e.g., wrinkled skin and increased vascularity), and the effects may be maintained for a long time. Nevertheless, post-treatment clinical visits every 3 to 6 months are recommended.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Melanose/radioterapia , Envelhecimento da Pele , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Wound Repair Regen ; 29(1): 87-96, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047411

RESUMO

Acute and minor skin wounds are common in daily life. However, in clinical practice, after initial management in the acute phase, the wounds are managed mainly through observation, and the patients are usually lost to follow-up. Considering a multicomponent hydrolipidic dressing (MAS063DP) long-known for its safe application in eczema and recently in laser-induced wounds, we aimed to evaluate its ability in functional recovery of impaired skin integrity during wound healing. Sixteen patients (N = 16) were enrolled and completed (n = 8 vs n = 8) this prospective, open-label, vehicle-controlled clinical trial with 12-week follow-up. Transepidermal water, skin viscoelasticity and bioimpedance analysis were measured initially, at the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th weeks. Improvements in these parameters were greater in the MAS063DP group (from 31.4 ± 9.0 to 16.4 ± 4.3 g/m2 h, P < .001; from 77 ± 16% to 88 ± 9%, P < .05; from 4182 ± 3823 to 2644 ± 1772 Ω) than in the white petrolatum group. No significant adverse events occurred, and all participants were more satisfied with the intervention. In this study, MAS063DP can restore skin integrity and reinstitute physiologic function as a feasible and safe intervention more markedly than management through observation during the healing process by providing protective hydrolipidic layer on the skin with simultaneous anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities from its key ingredients such as glycyrrhetinic acid, Vitis vinifera, telmesteine, and vitamins C and E.

10.
Dermatology ; 237(5): 835-842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal grafting with an automatic harvesting system has been reported as a simple and efficacious procedure for stable vitiligo. However, no prospective cohort study has quantitatively evaluated the color matching and extent of repigmentation in the head and neck area by this method. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the color matching and extent of repigmentation after pixel array epidermal grafting by image analysis software and physicians' naked eye. METHODS: Ten Asian patients with head and neck vitiligo lesions stable for at least 6 months were treated with pixel array epidermal grafting with an automatic harvesting system and post-grafting phototherapy. The patients were evaluated 1, 3, and 6 months post grafting for the percentage of repigmentation by blinded physicians' assessment and image analysis software. The color matching index of repigmentation was evaluated by measuring the melanin index in the grafted area and the juxta non-vitiliginous area. RESULTS: The average blister harvest time was 46.3 ± 9.7 min. The area percentile of repigmentation by the image analysis software were 32.3 ± 26.8, 64.6 ± 29.4, and 76.5 ± 25.9 at 1, 3, and 6 months post grafting, respectively. There were no significant differences between the physicians' assessments and the results from the image analysis software. The change in the area percentile of repigmentation between 3 and 6 months post grafting was only statistically significant using image analysis software. The grafted area achieved a color match of 83.1 ± 13.4% that of the juxta non-vitiliginous area 6 months after grafting. Three patients had repigmentation of leukotrichia. CONCLUSION: By quantitative measurement, uniform pixel array micrografts provide a very good extent of repigmentation and color match in the head and neck area. Image analysis software revealed a steady increase in repigmentation after POM3 until POM6, which was not detected by subjective assessment.

11.
Ann Plast Surg ; 86(2S Suppl 1): S23-S29, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major burn-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) causes extremely high mortality, even though renal replacement therapy (RRT) was thought of as the most efficient treatment. There was scanty research for investigating the characteristic of burn-AKI-RRT patients during intensive care. This study aims to investigate the factors impacting the survival outcomes in those burn-AKI-RRT cases. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and its affiliated database, the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients, we defined a cohort composed of 171 patients encountering major burn-induced AKI and receiving RRT during burn care for a 15-year observation period. Demographic characteristic, comorbidities, total body surface area (TBSA), major procedures, and complications were analyzed to explore the factors affecting the survival outcomes during acute burn care and 1 year after discharge. RESULTS: Patients who underwent tracheostomy and skin grafting had higher survival rates during acute burn care (tracheostomy: mortality vs survival, 15.7% vs 30.2%; P = 0.0257; skin grafting: mortality vs survival, 57.4% vs 76.2%; P = 0.0134). Multivariate regression analysis showed that tracheostomy group significantly presented with lower mortality risk by 65% (odds ratio [OR], 0.35; P = 0.0372), and subgroup analysis of delaminating follow-up duration showed that patients with tracheostomy had higher overall survival by 22% (90-day postburn mortality: nontracheostomy vs tracheostomy, 58.3% vs 36.3%; adjusted hazards ratio, 0.39; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-0.69; P = 0.0011), especially during postburn first 30 days (adjusted hazards ratio, 0.15; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.49; P = 0.0016). Total body surface area did not significantly affect survival; however, mortality risk was significantly higher in those with a larger TBSA (TBSA, ≥80%; OR, 6.48; P = 0.0022; TBSA, 60-79%; OR, 3.12; P = 0.0518; TBSA, 40-59%; OR, 1.88; P = 0.2402; TBSA, 30-39% as reference). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with major burn-induced AKI receiving RRT, tracheostomy and skin grafting may improve survival in the cases living through acute burn stage.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Queimaduras , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/terapia , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/terapia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
12.
J Clin Med ; 9(11)2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33266480

RESUMO

Because of limitations caused by unique complications of free flap reconstruction, the Clavien-Dindo classification was modified to include grade "IIIc" for "partial or total free flap failure." From 2013 to 2018, 116 patients who had undergone free flap reconstruction for head and neck cancer with grade III or higher postoperative complications were grouped using the "Modified" Clavien-Dindo classification. Alcoholism displayed significant predictive effects between grade IIIb and IIIc (72.7% vs. 50%, p = 0.028). Significant differences were observed between grade IIIb and IIIc in the duration of hospital stay (23.1 ± 10.1 vs. 28.6 ± 11.9 days, p = 0.015), duration of intensive care unit stay (6.0 ± 3.4 vs. 8.7 ± 4.3 days, p = 0.001), reoperation times during the current hospitalization (1.4 ± 0.8 vs. 2.0 ± 1.0 times, p < 0.001), and wound infection rate (29.9% vs. 62.5%, p = 0.002). The severity levels were significantly positively correlated with reoperation times during the current hospitalization (p < 0.001), ICU stay (p = 0.001), and hospital stay (p < 0.001). The modified Clavien-Dindo classification with grade IIIc describes the perioperative complications of head and neck free flap reconstruction to predict clinical outcomes based on severity.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(46): e23147, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181685

RESUMO

Whether a strategy of postoperative non-sedation produces better outcomes compared with sedation in patients after head and neck reconstruction remains controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively investigated outcomes in 150 of these patients in our institution.Patients with head and neck cancer that received free anterolateral thigh flap were studied retrospectively, and were categorized in terms of their postoperative care into "sedation" and "non-sedation" groups. The related parameters of each patient were collected for analysis.Overall, 150 patients were included (sedation protocol (N = 56) and non-sedation strategy (N = 94)). No significant differences were observed between groups in patient demographics or postoperative outcomes. Significantly shorter durations of mean and median intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, mechanical ventilation, hospitalization, and operative time were observed in the non-sedation group than in the sedation group. Among all patients, the sedation and flap reopen were the common variables related to prolonged ICU stay, mechanical ventilator duration, and hospitalization.The current study suggested the strategy of postoperative non-sedation is associated with a significant decrease in the duration of mechanical ventilation, ICU length of stay, hospitalization. Regardless of hospital stay, there were no differences in postoperative outcome between 2 groups.


Assuntos
Sedação Consciente , Duração da Terapia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , China/epidemiologia , Sedação Consciente/efeitos adversos , Sedação Consciente/métodos , Sedação Consciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/efeitos adversos , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/irrigação sanguínea , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/transplante , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Microsurgery ; 40(2): 130-136, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) is an emerging surgical treatment for lymphedema. However, literature-comparing outcomes of upper limb lymphedema (ULL) and lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is limited. Hence, the aim of this study is to compare the long-term clinical outcomes on ULL versus LLL in patients treated with VLNT. METHODS: A retrospective study retrieving data from patients with International Society of Lymphology (ISL) stages II-III who underwent different VLNTs from July 2010 to July 2016 in our institution was performed. Demographics preoperatively, and clinical data (limb circumference, infectious episodes, lymphoscintigraphic studies) preoperatively and postoperatively were recorded. Clinical outcomes by extremity were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 83 patients with lymphedema (ULL: n = 30, LLL: n = 53) were included. Mean follow-up time was 32.8 months (range 24-49 months). Mean circumference reduction was higher in patients with ULL compared to with LLL (28.6 ± 8.6 vs. 22.3 ± 10.1, p < .001), and for patients with secondary lymphedema (24.8 ± 9.6, p < .001) than for patients with primary lymphedema (18.9 ± 14, p > .05). Infectious episodes per year preoperative and postoperative showed that LLL patients had higher reduction on infection rate compared with ULL patients (2.4 ± 1.1 vs. 1.9 ± 1.2, p < .001). CONCLUSION: VLNT is a promising surgical treatment option for patients with lymphedema. This study suggests that VLNT may have a more beneficial outcome in patients with ULL and with secondary lymphedema.


Assuntos
Linfonodos , Linfedema , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Linfedema/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
15.
Adv Skin Wound Care ; 33(1): 1-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856035

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To use wearable near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to determine the effect of Buerger exercises on diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) healing. METHODS: Study authors enrolled 50 consecutive patients in a 1-year prospective observational study of DFUs. The patients were divided into groups by their arterial statuses: group A (no peripheral arterial disease [PAD]), group B (PAD without angioplasty), and group C (PAD with angioplasty). Tissue perfusion was assessed through wireless wearable NIRS to determine the effects of Buerger exercises on wound healing. MAIN RESULTS: The patients in group C were older, were more likely to have had an amputation, and had more severe wounds than did the patients in other groups. The requirements of insulin injection for diabetes mellitus control differed significantly (P = .024) among the three groups. At the end of the survey, 19 patients (38%) had unhealed DFUs. The NIRS revealed that most nonhealed patients in groups B and C shared higher resting hemoglobin levels and tissue blood volume and lower tissue oxygen concentration, which indicated inflammation accompanied by higher blood flow and oxygen consumption. Notably, the nonhealed patients in group C showed paradoxically reduced hemoglobin and tissue blood volume after the exercises. CONCLUSIONS: Although DFUs remain a challenge to treat, NIRS may prove valuable in predicting wound healing by identifying risk factors for poor wound prognosis, such as reduced hemoglobin and tissue blood volume after exercise.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/instrumentação , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Idoso , Pé Diabético/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 37(9): 559-566, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411549

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of picosecond (ps) 755-nm alexandrite laser with a diffractive lens array (DLA) generating laser-induced optical breakdown, which may be beneficial for melasma treatment. Background: Melasma is notorious for difficult to treat with any modality setting. Recently, picosecond alexandrite laser with DLA seems promising for dealing with it without intolerable complications. Methods: Twenty (N = 20) Asian female melasma patients with Fitzpatrick skin type IV were recruited for 3 treatment sessions of picosecond 755-nm alexandrite laser with DLA at a 4- to 6-week interval. The pulse duration was 750 ps. An 8-mm spot size and the fluence of 0.4 J/cm2 was used over the target area with 2 passes per treatment area and around 2000-2500 passes in total. The repetition rate was 10 Hz. Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) score and VISIA® imaging system analysis were utilized for evaluation before treatment and 4 weeks after the completion of the third treatment session. The clinical improvement and adverse events were assessed by the physicians and patients, respectively. Results: The median age of the patients was 45 years (from 27 to 55 years). In the physicians' evaluation, 40% (n = 8) of patients showed good improvement and 40% (n = 8) of patients showed moderate improvement. The mean MASI score before and after laser therapy showed significant improvement from 9.0 ± 4.8 to 6.5 ± 3.7 (p < 0.001). VISIA analysis of the forehead presented significant improvement in spots (p = 0.007) and porphyrins (p = 0.032). Some patients experienced erythema (25%), pruritus (20%), and scaling (20%) but subsided within few days of using emollients and sunscreen. Only 5% (n = 1) of patients developed mild postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, which also subsided in 3 weeks. Conclusions: Three sessions of picosecond 755-nm alexandrite laser with a DLA were effective for melasma treatment in Asian patients with minimal side effects.


Assuntos
Dermatoses Faciais/radioterapia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Melanose/radioterapia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16728, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415367

RESUMO

The hemi or subtotal/total glossectomy is usually approached by lip-jaw splitting procedure for advanced tongue cancer ablation. This highly invasive procedure can cause facial disfiguration, bone malunion, and osteoradionecrosis. The aim of this study is to compare the surgical outcome in free flap tongue reconstruction between novel parachute technique in an intact jaw and the conventional lip-jaw splitting procedure after tongue cancer ablation.In this study, parachute technique was adopted for free flap inset in patients without mandibulotomy. We retrospectively reviewed patients who have received primary advanced tongue cancer resection and free flap reconstruction during April, 2008 to January, 2015. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group A was undergoing parachute technique without lip-jaw splitting. We sutured all the strings through the edges of defect in the first step and through the matching points of flap margin in the second step from outside the oral cavity. Then, the strings were pulled and the flap was parachuted down on the defects after all the matching points were tied together. In group B, the patients received conventional lip-jaw splitting procedure. Student t test was used for results analysis.There were 15 patients (n = 15) in group A and 15 patients (n = 15) in group B. In the patients receiving parachute technique, operation time showed 34 minutes (P = .49) shorter, hospital stay showed 4 days (P = .32) shorter, and the infection rate of surgical site showed 6.6% (P = .64) less than with conventional technique. The survival rates of the flaps were both 100% without revision.The parachute technique is an effective and more accessible method for free flap setting in cases of tongue reconstruction without lip-jaw splitting, and provides patients with better aesthetic appearance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/normas , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteotomia Mandibular , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int Wound J ; 15(6): 1045-1048, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30014596

RESUMO

Leukoderma secondary to Q-switched 1064-nm neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet laser is usually refractory to treatment. The pathogenesis was cumulative phototoxic damage to melanocytes and eventually resulted in melanocytopenia. Wood's light or UV imaging can help observe early leukoderma before it becomes apparent clinically and determine the degree of melanocytopenia before conducting a biopsy. NB-UVB phototherapy and 308-nm excimer laser can potentially worsen the pre-existing melasma lesions and may not be effective if the lesions have already become melanocytopenic. Epidermal grafting can replenish the hypopigmented area with melanocytes without worsening melasma.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/efeitos adversos , Melanócitos/efeitos da radiação , Neodímio/efeitos adversos , Nevo com Halo/cirurgia , Transplante de Pele/métodos , Ítrio/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Melanose/etiologia , Melanose/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Ann Plast Surg ; 81(6S Suppl 1): S39-S43, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the preexisting predictive factors associated with comorbidities for diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in King classification III at an outpatient clinic. METHOD: This prospective study included 100 patients with DFU in King classification III treated at outpatient clinics in Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from January 2011 to December 2011. The least follow-up time was 1 year. Medical documentations were in respect of patient's baseline characteristics, associated history, presence of comorbidities, follow-up time, and condition of wounds. Patients were divided into success group (healed or healing with wound reduction), stagnate group, and failure group (amputation or infection, need in-hospital medical service) in accordance with the treatment response of wounds. χ Test, Fisher exact test, and 1-way analysis of variance were used for variables in 3-group comparison, whereas Student t test was applied in 2-group comparison. The predictive factors with P value less than 0.1 were further investigated using the model of univariate logistic regression. RESULTS: With 3-group stratification according to treatment response-failure (n = 8), stagnate (n = 22), and success (n = 70)-the occurrence rate of retinopathy was higher in the treatment stagnate group (42.1%) than in the treatment failure (14.3%) and success groups (12.5%; P = 0.019); the rate of previous percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) history was higher in the treatment failure group (25%) than in the treatment stagnate (4.8%) and success groups (1.5%; P = 0.020). With 2-group stratification-failure (n = 8) versus nonfailure (n = 92), and success (n = 70) versus nonsuccess (n = 30)-PTA history was strongly associated with treatment failure (odds ratio [OR], 14.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.71-120.32; P = 0.014), whereas retinopathy (OR, 0.21; 95% CI, 0.07-0.65; P = 0.006) was the major negative predictor for treatment success. Previous debridement met borderline significance to predict treatment nonsuccess (OR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.01-1.01; P = 0.051). Sex, age, associated history, dyslipidemia, hypertension, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular accident, chronic kidney disease, and end-stage renal disease and wound condition had no statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Previous PTA and retinopathy, which indicated preexisting severe vasculopathy, are univariate predictive factors for treatment failure and nonsuccess, respectively, in patients with King classification III DFU. With the subdivision of King classification III DFU, medical history taking and fundus examination are acceptable methods for risk screening at an outpatient clinic.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético/complicações , Pé Diabético/terapia , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial , Pé Diabético/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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