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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8953-8972, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314518

RESUMO

As a member of the Janus (JAK) family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, TYK2 plays an important role in mediating the signaling of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-12, IL-23, and type 1 interferons. The nicotinamide 4, identified by a SPA-based high-throughput screen targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase domain, potently inhibits IL-23 and IFNα signaling in cellular assays. The described work details the optimization of this poorly selective hit (4) to potent and selective molecules such as 47 and 48. The discoveries described herein were critical to the eventual identification of the clinical TYK2 JH2 inhibitor (see following report in this issue). Compound 48 provided robust inhibition in a mouse IL-12-induced IFNγ pharmacodynamic model as well as efficacy in an IL-23 and IL-12-dependent mouse colitis model. These results demonstrate the ability of TYK2 JH2 domain binders to provide a highly selective alternative to conventional TYK2 orthosteric inhibitors.

2.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 383-388, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891145

RESUMO

In sharp contrast to a previously reported series of 6-anilino imidazopyridazine based Tyk2 JH2 ligands, 6-((2-oxo-N1-substituted-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine analogs were found to display dramatically improved metabolic stability. The N1-substituent on 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine ring can be a variety of alkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl groups, but among them, 2-pyridyl provided much enhanced Caco-2 permeability, attributed to its ability to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Further structure-activity relationship studies at the C3 position led to the identification of highly potent and selective Tyk2 JH2 inhibitor 6, which proved to be highly effective in inhibiting IFNγ production in a rat pharmacodynamics model and fully efficacious in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(23): 5729-5731, 2016 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27816517

RESUMO

This Letter describes the synthesis and structure-activity relationships of a series of furo[2,3-d][1,3]thiazinamine BACE1 inhibitors. The co-crystal structure of a representative thiazinamine 2e bound with the BACE1 active site displayed a binding mode driven by interactions with the catalytic aspartate dyad and engagement of the biaryl amide toward the S1 and S3 pockets. This work indicates that furo[2,3-d]thiazine can serve as a viable bioisostere of the known furo[3,4-d]thiazine.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Furanos/química , Furanos/farmacologia , Tiazinas/química , Tiazinas/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/química , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/química , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Ligação Proteica
4.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
J Med Chem ; 59(18): 8593-600, 2016 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27559936

RESUMO

Truncation of the S3 substituent of the biaryl aminothiazine 2, a potent BACE1 inhibitor, led to a low molecular weight aminothiazine 5 with moderate activity. Despite its moderate activity, compound 5 demonstrated significant brain Aß reduction in rodents. The metabolic instability of 5 was overcome by the replacement of the 6-dimethylisoxazole, a metabolic soft spot, with a pyrimidine ring. Thus, truncation of the S3 substituent represents a viable approach to the discovery of orally bioavailable, brain-penetrant BACE1 inhibitors.


Assuntos
Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Tiazinas/química , Tiazinas/farmacologia , Aminação , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Humanos , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazinas/sangue
6.
J Med Chem ; 59(17): 7915-35, 2016 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27531604

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) belongs to the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and plays a critical role in multiple cell types responsible for numerous autoimmune diseases. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SARs) leading to a novel second generation series of potent and selective reversible carbazole inhibitors of BTK. With an excellent pharmacokinetic profile as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable safety profile, 7-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-[2-methyl-3-(4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole-1-carboxamide 6 (BMS-935177) was selected to advance into clinical development.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/química , Carbazóis/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinazolinonas/química , Administração Oral , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Antirreumáticos/síntese química , Antirreumáticos/farmacocinética , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbazóis/síntese química , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cães , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Permeabilidade , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(6): 590-4, 2016 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27326332

RESUMO

BMS-711939 (3) is a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α agonist, with an EC50 of 4 nM for human PPARα and >1000-fold selectivity vs human PPARγ (EC50 = 4.5 µM) and PPARδ (EC50 > 100 µM) in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Compound 3 also demonstrated excellent in vivo efficacy and safety profiles in preclinical studies and thus was chosen for further preclinical evaluation. The synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and in vivo pharmacology of 3 in preclinical animal models as well as its ADME profile are described.

8.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(3): 271-6, 2016 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26985314

RESUMO

By targeting the flap backbone of the BACE1 active site, we discovered 6-dimethylisoxazole-substituted biaryl aminothiazine 18 with 34-fold improved BACE1 inhibitory activity over the lead compound 1. The cocrystal structure of 18 bound to the active site indicated two hydrogen-bond interactions between the dimethylisoxazole and threonine 72 and glutamine 73 of the flap. Incorporation of the dimethylisoxazole substitution onto the related aminothiazine carboxamide series led to pyrazine-carboxamide 26 as a very potent BACE1 inhibitor (IC50 < 1 nM). This compound demonstrated robust brain Aß reduction in rat dose-response studies. Thus, compound 26 may be useful in testing the amyloid hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease.

10.
J Biol Chem ; 290(17): 11061-74, 2015 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25762719

RESUMO

Inhibition of signal transduction downstream of the IL-23 receptor represents an intriguing approach to the treatment of autoimmunity. Using a chemogenomics approach marrying kinome-wide inhibitory profiles of a compound library with the cellular activity against an IL-23-stimulated transcriptional response in T lymphocytes, a class of inhibitors was identified that bind to and stabilize the pseudokinase domain of the Janus kinase tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2), resulting in blockade of receptor-mediated activation of the adjacent catalytic domain. These Tyk2 pseudokinase domain stabilizers were also shown to inhibit Tyk2-dependent signaling through the Type I interferon receptor but not Tyk2-independent signaling and transcriptional cellular assays, including stimulation through the receptors for IL-2 (JAK1- and JAK3-dependent) and thrombopoietin (JAK2-dependent), demonstrating the high functional selectivity of this approach. A crystal structure of the pseudokinase domain liganded with a representative example showed the compound bound to a site analogous to the ATP-binding site in catalytic kinases with features consistent with high ligand selectivity. The results support a model where the pseudokinase domain regulates activation of the catalytic domain by forming receptor-regulated inhibitory interactions. Tyk2 pseudokinase stabilizers, therefore, represent a novel approach to the design of potent and selective agents for the treatment of autoimmunity.


Assuntos
Modelos Moleculares , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/enzimologia , TYK2 Quinase/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Estabilidade Enzimática , Humanos , Janus Quinase 1/genética , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 3/genética , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Receptores de Interleucina-2/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Trombopoetina/genética , Receptores de Trombopoetina/metabolismo , TYK2 Quinase/genética
11.
Ther Apher Dial ; 19(1): 50-5, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25196986

RESUMO

Dementia is common in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and is associated with a higher mortality. Factors associated with dementia in HD patients are not clear. We investigated factors associated with early dementia in HD patients. Chronic HD patients of 27 hemodialysis centers were enrolled in 2013. Early dementia was identified using the AD8 assessment. Factors associated with early dementia were analyzed using logistic regression. A total of 1617 chronic HD patients including 820 males and 797 females, aged 63.3 ± 13 years, dialyzed for 4 (1.8-8.4) years were analyzed. Early dementia was identified in 414 (25.6%) of the patients. Longer HD times were associated with a lower chance of dementia (P = 0.032), with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 0.522 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.270-0.969) for every one more hour of HD. Patient's age (OR: 1.587, 95% CI: 1.406-1.791, P < 0.001), body mass index (OR: 0.958, 95% CI: 0.921-0.996, P = 0.031), cerebrovascular accident (OR: 1.480, 95% CI: 1.000-2.188), diabetes (OR: 1.894, 95% CI: 1.390-2.581, P < 0.001), and serum albumin (OR: 0.376, 95 % CI: 0.256-0.553, P < 0.001) were independently linked to early dementia. Short hemodialysis times are associated with early dementia in a chronic hemodialysis population with a quarter of patients having early dementia. Patients' age, nutrition status and comorbidity are independently linked to early dementia.


Assuntos
Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/etiologia , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalos de Confiança , Demência/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Diálise Renal/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(9): 2206-11, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24685542

RESUMO

Investigation of various heterocyclic core isosteres of imidazopyrazines 1 & 2 yielded purine derivatives 3 & 8 as potent and selective BTK inhibitors. Subsequent SAR studies of the purine series led to the discovery of 20 as a leading compound. Compound 20 is very selective when screened against a panel of 400 kinases and is a potent inhibitor in cellular assays of human B cell function including B-Cell proliferation and CD86 cell surface expression and exhibited in vivo efficacy in a mouse PCA model. Its X-ray co-crystal structure with BTK shows that the high selectivity is gained from filling a BTK specific lipophilic pocket. However, physical and ADME properties leading to low oral exposure hindered further development.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Purinas/química , Purinas/farmacologia , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/enzimologia , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Anafilaxia Cutânea Passiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos
13.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun ; 70(Pt 2): 173-81, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24637750

RESUMO

Tau-tubulin kinase 1 (TTBK1) is a dual-specificity (serine/threonine and tyrosine) kinase belonging to the casein kinase 1 superfamily. TTBK1 is a neuron-specific kinase that regulates tau phosphorylation. Hyperphosphorylation of tau is implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Two kinase-domain constructs of TTBK1 were expressed in a baculovirus-infected insect-cell system and purified. The purified TTBK1 kinase-domain proteins were crystallized using the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method. X-ray diffraction data were collected and the structure of TTBK1 was determined by molecular replacement both as an apo structure and in complex with a kinase inhibitor.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Animais , Baculoviridae/genética , Cristalização , Cristalografia por Raios X , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Conformação Proteica , Células Sf9 , Especificidade por Substrato
14.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 78(5): 739-48, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21883956

RESUMO

Bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome, a member of the Tec family of tyrosine kinases, plays a role in both monocyte/macrophage trafficking as well as cytokine secretion. Although the structures of Tec family kinases Bruton's tyrosine kinase and IL-2-inducible T-cell kinase are known, the crystal structures of other Tec family kinases have remained elusive. We report the X-ray crystal structures of bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome in complex with dasatinib at 2.4 Å resolution and PP2 at 1.9 Å resolution. The bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome structures reveal a typical kinase protein fold; with well-ordered protein conformation that includes an open/extended activation loop and a stabilized DFG-motif rendering the kinase in an inactive conformation. Dasatinib and PP2 bind to bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome in the ATP binding pocket and display similar binding modes to that observed in other Tec and Src protein kinases. The bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome structures identify conformational elements of the DFG-motif that could potentially be utilized to design potent and/or selective bone marrow kinase in the X chromosome inhibitors.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos X , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dasatinibe , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/química , Tiazóis/química , Quinases da Família src/química , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
15.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 16(6): 582-7, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21457399

RESUMO

AIM: Vegetarian diets have long been thought of as beneficial to health. However, vegetarian diets are often low in protein, which is contradictory to the high protein diet guideline for uraemia patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of a vegetarian diet on the nutritional status of haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Patients on chronic HD for over 6 months were included in the study. The normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) was used to reflect daily protein intake. Biochemical markers of nutrition, anthropometric parameters, subjective global assessment (SGA) and functional activity of daily living were assessed to evaluate the nutritional status of vegetarians on chronic HD. RESULTS: Nineteen out of 318 HD patients were vegetarians. The nPCR was lower in the vegetarian group (1.20 ± 0.24 vs 1.10 ± 0.29 g/kg per day, non-Veg vs Veg, P < 0.05). The serum albumin and prealbumin were similar in vegetarian and non-vegetarian HD patients. The body mass index (BMI) and mid-arm muscular circumference (MAMC) were lower in vegetarian patients (P < 0.05). The haematocrit of vegetarians can be maintained at a level similar to that of non-vegetarian patients but erythropoietin doses needed were higher in vegetarian patients (P < 0.05). The muscle strength evaluated by the hand-grip test, SGA and activities of daily living were similar in vegetarians and non-vegetarians. CONCLUSION: The present study revealed that HD patients on vegetarian diets might have a smaller BMI, but SGA and function of daily activities were similar to those of the non-vegetarians. The haematocrit of vegetarians can be maintained with a higher erythropoietin dose.


Assuntos
Dieta Vegetariana , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Estado Nutricional , Diálise Renal , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Eletrólitos/sangue , Feminino , Força da Mão , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pré-Albumina/análise , Albumina Sérica/análise , Taiwan
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(17): 5027-30, 2010 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20675137

RESUMO

Pyrrolidine, pyrrolidinone, carbocyclic, and acyclic groups were used as isosteric proline replacements in a series of insulin-like growth factor I receptor kinase/insulin receptor kinase inhibitors. Examples that were similar in potency to proline-containing reference compounds were shown to project a key fluoropyridine amide into a common space, while less potent compounds were not able to do so for reasons of stereochemistry or structural rigidity.


Assuntos
Prolina/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Insulina/antagonistas & inibidores , Triazinas/química , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Triazinas/farmacologia
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(9): 2933-7, 2010 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20356736

RESUMO

The synthesis and follow-up SAR studies of our development candidate 1 by incorporating 2-aryl-4-oxazolylmethoxy and 2-aryl-4-thiazolylmethoxy moieties into the oxybenzylglycine framework of the PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist muraglitazar is described. SAR studies indicate that different substituents on the aryloxazole/thiazole moieties as well as the choice of carbamate substituent on the glycine moiety can significantly modulate the selectivity of PPARalpha versus PPARgamma. Potent, highly selective PPARalpha activators 2a and 2l, as well as PPARalpha activators with significant PPARgamma activity, such as 2s, were identified. The in vivo pharmacology of these compounds in preclinical animal models as well as their ADME profiles are discussed.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Glicina/análogos & derivados , PPAR alfa/agonistas , PPAR gama/agonistas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Sítios de Ligação , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Med Chem ; 53(9): 3814-30, 2010 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20405922

RESUMO

Leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1), also known as CD11a/CD18 or alpha(L)beta(2), belongs to the beta(2) integrin subfamily and is constitutively expressed on all leukocytes. The major ligands of LFA-1 include three intercellular adhesion molecules 1, 2, and 3 (ICAM 1, 2, and 3). The interactions between LFA-1 and the ICAMs are critical for cell adhesion, and preclinical animal studies and clinical data from the humanized anti-LFA-1 antibody efalizumab have provided proof-of-concept for LFA-1 as an immunological target. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel second generation series of highly potent spirocyclic hydantoin antagonists of LFA-1. With significantly enhanced in vitro and ex vivo potency relative to our first clinical compound (1), as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable pharmacokinetic and safety profile, 6-((5S,9R)-9-(4-cyanophenyl)-3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1,3,7-triazaspiro-[4.4]nonan-7-yl)nicotinic acid (2e) was selected to advance into clinical trials.


Assuntos
Hidantoínas/farmacocinética , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Nicotínicos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Hidantoínas/farmacologia , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/química , Antígeno-1 Associado à Função Linfocitária/imunologia , Ácidos Nicotínicos/toxicidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
J Med Chem ; 53(7): 2854-64, 2010 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20218621

RESUMO

An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in the full length receptor co-transfection assays. Compound 2 has negligible cross-reactivity against a panel of human nuclear hormone receptors including PPARdelta. Compound 2 demonstrated an excellent pharmacological and safety profile in preclinical studies and thus was chosen as a development candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. The X-ray cocrystal structures of the early lead compound 12 and compound 2 in complex with PPARalpha ligand binding domain (LBD) were determined. The role of the crystal structure of compound 12 with PPARalpha in the development of the SAR that ultimately resulted in the discovery of compound 2 is discussed.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Oxazóis/química , Oxazóis/farmacologia , PPAR alfa/agonistas , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/química , Glicina/farmacologia , Glicina/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Oxazóis/síntese química , Oxazóis/toxicidade , PPAR alfa/química , PPAR alfa/genética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
J Med Chem ; 52(23): 7360-3, 2009 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19778024
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