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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26823, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397844

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Low specificity and operator dependency are the main problems of breast ultrasound (US) screening. We investigated the added value of deep learning-based computer-aided diagnosis (S-Detect) and shear wave elastography (SWE) to B-mode US for evaluation of breast masses detected by screening US.Between February 2018 and June 2019, B-mode US, S-Detect, and SWE were prospectively obtained for 156 screening US-detected breast masses in 146 women before undergoing US-guided biopsy. S-Detect was applied for the representative B-mode US image, and quantitative elasticity was measured for SWE. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessment category was assigned for the datasets of B-mode US alone, B-mode US plus S-Detect, and B-mode US plus SWE by 3 radiologists with varied experience in breast imaging. Area under the receiver operator characteristics curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity for the 3 datasets were compared using Delong's method and McNemar test.Of 156 masses, 10 (6%) were malignant and 146 (94%) were benign. Compared to B-mode US alone, the addition of S-Detect increased the specificity from 8%-9% to 31%-71% and the AUC from 0.541-0.545 to 0.658-0.803 in all radiologists (All P < .001). The addition of SWE to B-mode US also increased the specificity from 8%-9% to 41%-75% and the AUC from 0.541-0.545 to 0.709-0.823 in all radiologists (All P < .001). There was no significant loss in sensitivity when either S-Detect or SWE were added to B-mode US.Adding S-Detect or SWE to B-mode US improved the specificity and AUC without loss of sensitivity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mama , Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Ultrassonografia Mamária/métodos , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Radiology ; 301(1): 57-65, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282967

RESUMO

Background Breast density at mammography is an established risk factor for breast cancer, but it cannot be used to distinguish between glandular and fibrous tissue. Purpose To evaluate the association between the glandular tissue component (GTC) at screening breast US and the risk of future breast cancer in women with dense breasts and the association between the GTC and lobular involution. Materials and Methods Screening breast US examinations performed in women with no prior history of breast cancer and with dense breasts with negative findings from mammography from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively identified. The GTC was reported as being minimal, mild, moderate, or marked at the time of the US examination. In women who had benign breast biopsy results, the degree of lobular involution in normal background tissue was categorized as not present, mild, moderate, or complete. The GTC-related breast cancer risk in women with a cancer diagnosis or follow-up after 6 months was estimated by using Cox proportional hazards regression. Cumulative logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between the GTC and lobular involution. Results Among 8483 women (mean age, 49 years ± 8 [standard deviation]), 137 developed breast cancer over a median follow-up time of 5.3 years. Compared with a minimal or mild GTC, a moderate or marked GTC was associated with an increased cancer risk (hazard ratio, 1.5; 95% CI: 1.05, 2.1; P = .03) after adjusting for age and breast density. The GTC had an inverse association with lobular involution; women with no, mild, or moderate involution had greater odds (odds ratios of 4.9 [95% CI: 1.5, 16.6], 2.6 [95% CI: 0.95, 7.2], and 1.8 [95% CI: 0.7, 4.6], respectively) of a moderate or marked GTC than those with complete involution (P = .004). Conclusion The glandular tissue component was independently associated with the future breast cancer risk in women with dense breasts and reflects the lobular involution. It should be considered for risk stratification during screening breast US. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article.


Assuntos
Densidade da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mamografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia Mamária/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
3.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(8): 1240-1252, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy for detecting breast cancer in the diagnostic setting between the use of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), defined as DBT alone or combined DBT and digital mammography (DM), and the use of DM alone through a systematic review and meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-Embase, Cochrane Library and five Korean local databases were searched for articles published until March 25, 2020. We selected studies that reported diagnostic accuracy in women who were recalled after screening or symptomatic. Study quality was assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 tool. A bivariate random effects model was used to estimate pooled sensitivity and specificity. We compared the diagnostic accuracy between DBT and DM alone using meta-regression and subgroup analyses by modality of intervention, country, existence of calcifications, breast density, Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category threshold, study design, protocol for participant sampling, sample size, reason for diagnostic examination, and number of readers who interpreted the studies. RESULTS: Twenty studies (n = 44513) that compared DBT and DM alone were included. The pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.86-0.93) and 0.90 (95% CI 0.84-0.94), respectively, for DBT, which were higher than 0.76 (95% CI 0.68-0.83) and 0.83 (95% CI 0.73-0.89), respectively, for DM alone (p < 0.001). The area under the summary receiver operating characteristics curve was 0.95 (95% CI 0.93-0.97) for DBT and 0.86 (95% CI 0.82-0.88) for DM alone. The higher sensitivity and specificity of DBT than DM alone were consistently noted in most subgroup and meta-regression analyses. CONCLUSION: Use of DBT was more accurate than DM alone for the diagnosis of breast cancer. Women with clinical symptoms or abnormal screening findings could be more effectively evaluated for breast cancer using DBT, which has a superior diagnostic performance compared to DM alone.

5.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 54(2): 631-645, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in noncontrast-enhanced MRI due to safety concerns for gadolinium contrast agents. PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical feasibility of MR-based conductivity imaging for breast cancer detection and lesion differentiation. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. SUBJECTS: One hundred and ten women, with 112 known cancers and 17 benign lesions (biopsy-proven), scheduled for preoperative MRI. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: Non-fat-suppressed T2-weighted turbo spin-echo sequence (T2WI), dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at 3T. ASSESSMENT: Cancer detectability on each imaging modality was qualitatively evaluated on a per-breast basis: the conductivity maps derived from T2WI were independently reviewed by three radiologists (R1-R3). T2WI, DWI, and pre-operative digital mammography were independently reviewed by three other radiologists (R4-R6). Conductivity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements (mean, minimum, and maximum) were performed for 112 cancers and 17 benign lesions independently by two radiologists (R1 and R2). Tumor size was measured from surgical specimens. STATISTICAL TESTS: Cancer detection rates were compared using generalized estimating equations. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with cancer detectability. Discriminating ability of conductivity and ADC was evaluated by using the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: Conductivity imaging showed lower cancer detection rates (20%-32%) compared to T2WI (62%-71%), DWI (85%-90%), and mammography (79%-88%) (all P < 0.05). Fatty breast on MRI (odds ratio = 11.8, P < 0.05) and invasive tumor size (odds ratio = 1.7, P < 0.05) were associated with cancer detectability of conductivity imaging. The maximum conductivity showed comparable ability to the mean ADC in discriminating between cancers and benign lesions (AUC = 0.67 [95% CI: 0.59, 0.75] vs. 0.84 [0.76, 0.90], P = 0.06 (R1); 0.65 [0.56, 0.73] vs. 0.82 [0.74, 0.88], P = 0.07 (R2)). DATA CONCLUSION: Although conductivity imaging showed suboptimal performance in breast cancer detection, the quantitative measurement of conductivity showed the potential for lesion differentiation. EVIDENCE LEVEL: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(6): 867-879, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856137

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the screening performance of diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI and combined mammography and ultrasound (US) in detecting clinically occult contralateral breast cancer in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2017 and July 2018, 1148 women (mean age ± standard deviation, 53.2 ± 10.8 years) with unilateral breast cancer and no clinical abnormalities in the contralateral breast underwent 3T MRI, digital mammography, and radiologist-performed whole-breast US. In this retrospective study, three radiologists independently and blindly reviewed all DW MR images (b = 1000 s/mm² and apparent diffusion coefficient map) of the contralateral breast and assigned a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System category. For combined mammography and US evaluation, prospectively assessed results were used. Using histopathology or 1-year follow-up as the reference standard, cancer detection rate and the patient percentage with cancers detected among all women recommended for tissue diagnosis (positive predictive value; PPV2) were compared. RESULTS: Of the 30 cases of clinically occult contralateral cancers (13 invasive and 17 ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS]), DW MRI detected 23 (76.7%) cases (11 invasive and 12 DCIS), whereas combined mammography and US detected 12 (40.0%, five invasive and seven DCIS) cases. All cancers detected by combined mammography and US, except two DCIS cases, were detected by DW MRI. The cancer detection rate of DW MRI (2.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3%, 3.0%) was higher than that of combined mammography and US (1.0%; 95% CI: 0.5%, 1.8%; p = 0.009). DW MRI showed higher PPV2 (42.1%; 95% CI: 26.3%, 59.2%) than combined mammography and US (18.5%; 95% CI: 9.9%, 30.0%; p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: In women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, DW MRI detected significantly more contralateral breast cancers with fewer biopsy recommendations than combined mammography and US.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mamografia , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Radiology ; 299(2): 290-300, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754824

RESUMO

Background There is an increasing need to develop a more accurate prediction model for pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer. Purpose To develop a nomogram based on MRI and clinical-pathologic variables to predict pCR. Materials and Methods In this single-center retrospective study, consecutive women with stage II-III breast cancer who underwent NAC followed by surgery between January 2011 and December 2017 were considered for inclusion. The women were divided into a development cohort between January 2011 and September 2015 and a validation cohort between October 2015 and December 2017. Clinical-pathologic data were collected, and mammograms and MRI scans obtained before and after NAC were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent variables associated with pCR in the development cohort from which the nomogram was created. Nomogram performance was assessed with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and calibration slope. Results A total of 359 women (mean age, 49 years ± 10 [standard deviation]) were in the development cohort and 351 (49 years ± 10) in the validation cohort. Hormone receptor negativity (odds ratio [OR], 3.1; 95% CI: 1.4, 7.1; P = .006), high Ki-67 index (OR, 1.05; 95% CI: 1.03, 1.07; P < .001), and post-NAC MRI variables, including small tumor size (OR, 0.6; 95% CI: 0.4, 0.9; P = .03), low lesion-to-background parenchymal signal enhancement ratio (OR, 0.2; 95% CI: 0.1, 0.6; P = .004), and absence of enhancement in the tumor bed (OR, 3.8; 95% CI: 1.4, 10.5; P = .009) were independently associated with pCR. The nomogram incorporating these variables showed good discrimination (AUC, 0.90; 95% CI: 0.86, 0.94) and calibration abilities (calibration slope, 0.91; 95% CI: 0.69, 1.13) in the independent validation cohort. Conclusion A nomogram incorporating hormone receptor status, Ki-67 index, and MRI variables showed good discrimination and calibration abilities in predicting pathologic complete response. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Imbriaco and Ponsiglione in this issue.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mamografia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Eur Radiol ; 31(10): 7771-7782, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of screening ABUS as the primary screening test for breast cancer among Korean women aged 40-49 years. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter study included asymptomatic Korean women aged 40-49 years from three academic centers between February 2017 and October 2019. Each participant underwent ABUS without mammography, and the ABUS images were interpreted at each hospital with double-reading by two breast radiologists. Biopsy and at least 1 year of follow-up was considered the reference standard. Diagnostic performance of ABUS screening and subgroup analyses according to patient and tumor characteristics were evaluated. RESULTS: Reference standard data were available for 959 women. The recall rate was 9.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.9%, 11.7%; 94 of 959 women) and the cancer detection yield was 5.2 per 1000 women (95% CI: -0.6, 11.1; 5 of 959 women). There was only one interval cancer. The sensitivity was 83.3% (95% CI: 53.5%, 100%; 5 of 6 cancers) and the specificity was 90.7% (95% CI: 88.8%, 92.5%; 864 of 95. women). The positive predictive values of biopsies performed (PPV3) was 20.0% (95% CI: 4.3%, 35.7%; 5 of 25 women). Women with heterogeneous background echotexture had a higher recall rate (p = .009) and lower specificity (p = .036). Women with body mass index values < 25 kg/m2 had a higher mean recall rate (p = .046). CONCLUSION: In East Asia, screening automated breast US may be an alternative to screening mammography for detecting breast cancers in women aged 40-49 years. KEY POINTS: • Automated breast US screening for breast cancer in asymptomatic women aged 40-49 is effective with 5.2 per 1000 cancer detection yield. • Women with heterogeneous background echotexture had a higher recall rate and lower specificity. • Women with body mass index < 25 kg/m2 had a higher recall rate.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia , Programas de Rastreamento , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia Mamária
9.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0246563, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of staging chest-CT in terms of diagnostic yield and false-referral rate in patients with operable breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the institutional review border. In this retrospective study, we reviewed patients who underwent staging chest-CT between January 2014 and June 2016. Reference standard was defined as a combination of pathology and radiologic tumor changes in accordance with primary tumor or metastatic lesions and stability during the 12-month follow-up period. We calculated diagnostic yield and false-referral rates stratified by pathologic stage. The important ancillary findings of staging chest-CT were also recorded. RESULTS: A total of 1,342 patients were included in this study. Of these, four patients (0.3%; 4/1342) had true pulmonary metastasis. Diagnostic yields of stage I, II, III disease were 0.0% (0/521), 0.3% (2/693), and 1.6% (2/128), respectively. The overall false-referral rate was 4.6% (62/1342); false-referral rates of stage I, II, and III disease were 5.0% (26/521), 3.8% (26/693), and 7.8% (10/128), respectively. No occult thoracic metastasis occurred within 12 months of staging chest-CT. Nineteen patients showed significant ancillary findings besides lung metastasis, including primary lung cancer (n = 9). The overall diagnostic yield of ancillary findings was 1.7% (23 of 1342). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of pulmonary metastasis was near zero for pathologic stages I/II and slightly higher (although still low; 1.6%). for stage III. Considering its low diagnostic yield and substantial false-referral rates, staging chest-CT might not be useful in patients with operable breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Torácica/normas , Neoplasias Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Neoplasias Torácicas/secundário , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
10.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 395, 2021 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432076

RESUMO

A major limitation of screening breast ultrasound (US) is a substantial number of false-positive biopsy. This study aimed to develop a deep learning-based computer-aided diagnosis (DL-CAD)-based diagnostic model to improve the differential diagnosis of screening US-detected breast masses and reduce false-positive diagnoses. In this multicenter retrospective study, a diagnostic model was developed based on US images combined with information obtained from the DL-CAD software for patients with breast masses detected using screening US; the data were obtained from two hospitals (development set: 299 imaging studies in 2015). Quantitative morphologic features were obtained from the DL-CAD software, and the clinical findings were collected. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to establish a DL-CAD-based nomogram, and the model was externally validated using data collected from 164 imaging studies conducted between 2018 and 2019 at another hospital. Among the quantitative morphologic features extracted from DL-CAD, a higher irregular shape score (P = .018) and lower parallel orientation score (P = .007) were associated with malignancy. The nomogram incorporating the DL-CAD-based quantitative features, radiologists' Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (BI-RADS) final assessment (P = .014), and patient age (P < .001) exhibited good discrimination in both the development and validation cohorts (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.89 and 0.87). Compared with the radiologists' BI-RADS final assessment, the DL-CAD-based nomogram lowered the false-positive rate (68% vs. 31%, P < .001 in the development cohort; 97% vs. 45% P < .001 in the validation cohort) without affecting the sensitivity (98% vs. 93%, P = .317 in the development cohort; each 100% in the validation cohort). In conclusion, the proposed model showed good performance for differentiating screening US-detected breast masses, thus demonstrating a potential to reduce unnecessary biopsies.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/diagnóstico , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mama/patologia , Doenças Mamárias/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Reações Falso-Positivas , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software , Ultrassonografia Mamária/métodos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Radiology ; 298(3): 568-575, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33434108

RESUMO

Background Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with or without digital mammography (DM) is the primary method of breast cancer screening. However, the sufficiency of DBT screening for women at average risk and the need for supplemental whole-breast US needs further investigation. Purpose To evaluate the added value of supplemental US screening following combined DM/DBT. Materials and Methods A retrospective database search identified consecutive asymptomatic women who underwent DM/DBT and radiologist-performed screening breast US simultaneously between March 2016 and December 2018. The cancer detection rate (CDR) per 1000 screening examinations, sensitivity, specificity, and abnormal interpretation rate of DM/DBT and DM/DBT combined with US were compared. Results A total of 1003 women (mean age, 56 years ± 8.6 [standard deviation]) were included. Among them, 12 cancers (mean invasive tumor size, 14 mm; range, 6-33 mm) were diagnosed. With DM/DBT and DM/DBT combined with US, the CDRs were 9.0 per 1000 screening examinations (nine of 1003 women; 95% CI: 4.1, 17) and 12 per 1000 screening examinations (12 of 1003 women; 95% CI: 6.2, 21), respectively, and the abnormal interpretation rates were 7.8% (78 of 1003 women; 95% CI: 6.2, 9.6) and 24% (243 of 1003 women; 95% CI: 22, 27). In women with negative findings at DM/DBT, supplementary US yielded a CDR of 3.2 per 1000 examinations (three of 925 women; 95% CI: 0.7, 9.4), sensitivity of 100% (three of three women; 95% CI: 29, 100), specificity of 82% (760 of 922 women; 95% CI: 80, 85), and abnormal interpretation rate of 18% (165 of 925 women; 95% CI: 15, 21). The three additional US-detected cancers were identified in women with dense breasts; no benefit was observed in women with nondense breasts. Conclusion The addition of breast US to digital mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis yielded an additional 0.7-9.4 cancers per 1000 women at average risk, with a substantial increase in the abnormal interpretation rate. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article. See also the editorial by Rahbar in this issue.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mamografia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 186(2): 463-473, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389406

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate clinical and imaging features associated with a high nodal burden (≥ 3 metastatic lymph nodes [LNs]) and compare diagnostic performance of US and MRI in patients with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). METHODS: Retrospective search revealed 239 patients with ILC and 999 with IDC who underwent preoperative US and MRI between January 2016 and June 2019. Patients with ILC were propensity-score-matched with patients with IDC. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine factors associated with ≥ 3 metastatic LNs. RESULTS: 412 patients (206 ILC and 206 IDC) were evaluated. Of all patients with ILC, 27.2% (56/206) were node-positive and 7.8% (16/206) showed a high nodal burden. In multivariate analysis, the clinical N stage was the only independent factor associated with a high nodal burden in patients with IDC (odds ratio [OR] 6.24; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57-24.73; P = 0.009), but not in patients with ILC. Increased cortical thickness with loss of fatty hilum on US was associated with a high nodal burden in patients with ILC (OR 58.40; 95% CI 5.09-669.71; P = 0.001) and IDC (OR 24.14; 95% CI 3.52-165.37; P = 0.001), while suspicious LN findings at MRI were independently associated with a high nodal burden in ILC only (OR 13.94; 95% CI 2.61-74.39; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: In patients with ILC, MRI findings of suspicious LNs were helpful to predict a high nodal disease burden.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama , Carcinoma Lobular , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(3): 297-307, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of simulated abbreviated breast MRI (AB-MRI) and full diagnostic (FD)-MRI in distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions detected by MRI and investigate the features of discrepant lesions of the two protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An AB-MRI set with single first postcontrast images was retrospectively obtained from an FD-MRI cohort of 111 lesions (34 malignant, 77 benign) detected by contralateral breast MRI in 111 women (mean age, 49.8. ± 9.8; range, 28-75 years) with recently diagnosed breast cancer. Five blinded readers independently classified the likelihood of malignancy using Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System assessments. McNemar tests and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) analyses were performed. The imaging and pathologic features of the discrepant lesions of the two protocols were analyzed. RESULTS: The sensitivity of AB-MRI for lesion characterization tended to be lower than that of FD-MRI for all readers (58.8-82.4% vs. 79.4-100%), although the findings of only two readers were significantly different (p < 0.05). The specificity of AB-MRI for lesion characterization was higher than that of FD-MRI for 80% of readers (39.0-74.0% vs. 19.5-45.5%, p ≤ 0.001). The AUC of AB-MRI was comparable to that of FD-MRI for all readers (p > 0.05). Fifteen percent (5/34) of the cancers were false-negatives on AB-MRI. More suspicious margins or internal enhancement on the delayed phase images were related to the discrepancies. CONCLUSION: The overall performance of AB-MRI was similar to that of FD-MRI in distinguishing between benign and malignant lesions. AB-MRI showed lower sensitivity and higher specificity than FD-MRI, as 15% of the cancers were misclassified compared to FD-MRI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Radiologistas/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Meios de Contraste/química , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
15.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(11): 1210-1219, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the utility and diagnostic performance of automated breast ultrasound system (ABUS) with that of hand-held ultrasound (HHUS) in evaluating pure non-mass enhancement (NME) lesions on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six consecutive MRI-visible pure NME lesions of 122 patients with breast cancer were assessed from April 2016 to March 2017. Two radiologists reviewed the preoperative breast MRI, ABUS, and HHUS images along with mammography (MG) findings. The NME correlation rate and diagnostic performance of ABUS were compared with that of HHUS, and the imaging features associated with ABUS visibility were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 126 pure NME lesions, 100 (79.4%) were malignant and 26 (20.6%) were benign. The overall correlation rate was 87.3% (110/126) in ABUS and 92.9% (117/126) in HHUS. The sensitivity and specificity were 87% and 50% for ABUS and 92% and 42.3% for HHUS, respectively, with no significant differences (p = 0.180 and 0.727, respectively). Malignant NME was more frequently visualized than benign NME lesions on ABUS (93% vs. 65.4%, p = 0.001). Significant factors associated with the visibility of ABUS were the size of NME lesions on MRI (p < 0.001), their distribution pattern (p < 0.001), and microcalcifications on MG (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: ABUS evaluation of pure NME lesions on MRI in patients with breast cancer is a useful technique with high visibility, especially in malignant lesions. The diagnostic performance of ABUS was comparable with that of conventional HHUS in evaluating NME lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ultrassonografia Mamária , Adulto , Idoso , Automação , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 182(2): 283-297, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447596

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) offers unenhanced method to detect breast cancer without cost and safety concerns associated with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI. Our purpose was to evaluate the performance of DW-MRI at 3.0T in detection of clinically and mammographically occult contralateral breast cancer in patients with unilateral breast cancer. METHODS: Between 2017 and 2018, 1130 patients (mean age 53.3 years; range 26-84 years) with newly diagnosed unilateral breast cancer who underwent breast MRI and had no abnormalities on clinical and mammographic examinations of contralateral breast were included. Three experienced radiologists independently reviewed DW-MRI (b = 0 and 1000 s/mm2) and DCE-MRI and assigned a BI-RADS category. Using histopathology or 1-year clinical follow-up, performance measures of DW-MRI were compared with DCE-MRI. RESULTS: A total of 21 (1.9%, 21/1130) cancers were identified (12 ductal carcinoma in situ and 9 invasive ductal carcinoma; mean invasive tumor size, 8.0 mm) in the contralateral breast. Cancer detection rate of DW-MRI was 13-15 with mean of 14 per 1000 examinations (95% confidence interval [CI] 9-23 per 1000 examinations), which was lower than that of DCE-MRI (18-19 with mean of 18 per 1000 examinations, P = 0.01). A lower abnormal interpretation rate (14.0% versus 17.0%, respectively, P < 0.001) with higher specificity (87.3% versus 84.6%, respectively, P < 0.001) but lower sensitivity (77.8% versus 96.8%, respectively, P < 0.001) was noted for DW-MRI compared to DCE-MRI. CONCLUSIONS: DW-MRI at 3.0T has the potential as a cost-effective tool for evaluation of contralateral breast in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/diagnóstico , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Algoritmos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Biópsia , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Análise Custo-Benefício , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/economia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Software
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 182(1): 97-105, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418044

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Accurate prediction of pathologic complete response (pCR) in breast cancer using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US)-guided biopsy may aid in selecting patients who forego surgery for breast cancer. We evaluated the accuracy of US-guided biopsy aided by MRI in predicting pCR in the breast after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: After completion of NAC, 40 patients with near pCR (either tumor size ≤ 0.5 cm or lesion-to-background signal enhancement ratio (L-to-B SER) ≤ 1.6 on MRI) and no diffused residual microcalcifications were prospectively enrolled at a single institution. US-guided multiple core needle biopsy (CNB) or vacuum-assisted biopsy (VAB) of the tumor bed, followed by standard surgical excision, was performed. Matched biopsy and surgical specimens were compared to assess pCR. The negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy, and false-negative rate (FNR) were analyzed. RESULTS: pCR was confirmed in 27 (67.5%) surgical specimens. Preoperative biopsy had an NPV, accuracy, and FNR of 87.1%, 90.0%, and 30.8%, respectively. NPV for hormone receptor-negative and hormone receptor-positive tumors were 83.3% and 100%, respectively. Obtaining at least 5 biopsy cores based on tumor size ≤ 0.5 cm and an L-to-B SER of ≤ 1.6 on MRI (27 patients) resulted in 100% NPV and accuracy. No differences in accuracy were noted between CNB and VAB (90% vs. 90%). CONCLUSIONS: Investigation using stringent MRI criteria and ultrasound-guided biopsy could accurately predict patients with pCR after NAC. A larger prospective clinical trial evaluating the clinical safety of breast surgery omission after NAC in selected patients will be conducted based on these findings.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
18.
Radiology ; 295(3): 500-515, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315268

RESUMO

Axillary lymph node (LN) metastasis is the most important predictor of overall recurrence and survival in patients with breast cancer, and accurate assessment of axillary LN involvement is an essential component in staging breast cancer. Axillary management in patients with breast cancer has become much less invasive and individualized with the introduction of sentinel LN biopsy (SLNB). Emerging evidence indicates that axillary LN dissection may be avoided in selected patients with node-positive as well as node-negative cancer. Thus, assessment of nodal disease burden to guide multidisciplinary treatment decision making is now considered to be a critical role of axillary imaging and can be achieved with axillary US, MRI, and US-guided biopsy. For the node-positive patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, restaging of the axilla with US and MRI and targeted axillary dissection in addition to SLNB is highly recommended to minimize the false-negative rate of SLNB. Efforts continue to develop prediction models that incorporate imaging features to predict nodal disease burden and to select proper candidates for SLNB. As methods of axillary nodal evaluation evolve, breast radiologists and surgeons must work closely to maximize the potential role of imaging and to provide the most optimized treatment for patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodo Sentinela , Axila/diagnóstico por imagem , Axila/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Colaboração Intersetorial , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Metástase Linfática/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Prognóstico
19.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(5): 561-571, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of ultrafast dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI compared to conventional DCE-MRI by studying lesion conspicuity and size according to the level of background parenchymal enhancement (BPE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 360 women (median age, 54 years; range, 26-82 years) with 361 who had undergone breast MRI, including both ultrafast and conventional DCE-MRI before surgery, between January and December 2017. Conspicuity was evaluated using a five-point score. Size was measured as the single maximal diameter. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare median conspicuity score. To identify factors associated with conspicuity, multivariable logistic regression was performed. Absolute agreement between size at MRI and histopathologic examination was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: The median conspicuity scores were 5 at both scans, but the interquartile ranges were significantly different (5-5 at ultrafast vs. 4-5 at conventional, p < 0.001). Premenopausal status (odds ratio [OR] = 2.2, p = 0.048), non-mass enhancement (OR = 4.1, p = 0.001), moderate to marked BPE (OR = 7.5, p < 0.001), and shorter time to enhancement (OR = 0.9, p = 0.043) were independently associated with better conspicuity at ultrafast scans. Tumor size agreement between MRI and histopathologic examination was similar for both scans (ICC = 0.66 for ultrafast vs. 0.63 for conventional). CONCLUSION: Ultrafast DCE-MRI could improve lesion conspicuity compared to conventional DCE-MRI, especially in women with premenopausal status, non-mass enhancement, moderate to marked BPE or short time to enhancement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Eur Radiol ; 30(7): 4058-4068, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted in order to investigate whether there is a correlation between the time-to-enhancement (TTE) in ultrafast MRI and histopathological characteristics of breast cancers. METHODS: Between January and August 2017, 274 consecutive breast cancer patients (mean age, 53.5 years; range, 25-80 years) who underwent ultrafast MRI and subsequent surgery were included for analysis. Ultrafast MRI scans were acquired using TWIST-VIBE or 4D TRAK-3D TFE sequences. TTE and maximum slope (MS) were derived from the ultrafast MRI. The repeated measures ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were performed to compare the median TTE, MS and SER according to histologic type, histologic grade, ER/PR/HER2 positivity, level of Ki-67 and tumour subtype. For TTE calculation, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate interobserver variability. RESULTS: The median TTE of invasive cancers was shorter than that of in situ cancers (p < 0.001). In invasive cancers, large tumours showed shorter TTE than small tumours (p = 0.001). High histologic/nuclear grade cancers had shorter TTE than low to intermediate grade cancers (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001). HER2-positive cancers showed shorter TTE than HER2-negative cancers (p = 0.001). The median TTE of cancers with high Ki-67 was shorter than that of cancers with low Ki-67 (p < 0.001). ICC between two readers showed moderate agreement (0.516). No difference was found in the median MS or SER values according to the clinicopathologic features. CONCLUSIONS: The median TTE of breast cancer in ultrafast MRI was shorter in invasive or aggressive tumours than in in situ cancer or less aggressive tumours, respectively. KEY POINTS: • Invasive breast tumours show a shorter TTE in ultrafast DCE-MRI than in situ cancers. • A shorter TTE in ultrafast DCE-MRI is associated with breast tumours of a large size, high histologic or nuclear grade, PR negativity, HER2 positivity and high Ki-67 level.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
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