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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7162, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504892

RESUMO

Screening of mRNAs and lncRNAs associated with prognosis and immunity of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and used to construct a prognostic risk scoring model (PRS-model) for LUAD. To analyze the differences in tumor immune microenvironment between distinct risk groups of LUAD based on the model classification. The CMap database was also used to screen potential therapeutic compounds for LUAD based on the differential genes between distinct risk groups. he data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. We divided the transcriptome data into a mRNA subset and a lncRNA subset, and use multiple methods to extract mRNAs and lncRNAs associated with immunity and prognosis. We further integrated the mRNA and lncRNA subsets and the corresponding clinical information, randomly divided them into training and test set according to the ratio of 5:5. Then, we performed the Cox risk proportional analysis and cross-validation on the training set to construct a LUAD risk scoring model. Based on the risk scoring model, patients were divided into distinct risk group. Moreover, we evaluate the prognostic performance of the model from the aspects of Area Under Curve (AUC) analysis, survival difference analysis, and independent prognostic analysis. We analyzed the differences in the expression of immune cells between the distinct risk groups, and also discuss the connection between immune cells and patient survival. Finally, we screened the potential therapeutic compounds of LUAD in the Connectivity Map (CMap) database based on differential gene expression profiles, and verified the compound activity by cytostatic assays. We extracted 26 mRNAs and 74 lncRNAs related to prognosis and immunity by using different screening methods. Two mRNAs (i.e., KLRC3 and RAET1E) and two lncRNAs (i.e., AL590226.1 and LINC00941) and their risk coefficients were finally used to construct the PRS-model. The risk score positions of the training and test set were 1.01056590 and 1.00925190, respectively. The expression of mRNAs involved in model construction differed significantly between the distinct risk population. The one-year ROC areas on the training and test sets were 0.735 and 0.681. There was a significant difference in the survival rate of the two groups of patients. The PRS-model had independent predictive capabilities in both training and test sets. Among them, in the group with low expression of M1 macrophages and resting NK cells, LUAD patients survived longer. In contrast, the monocyte expression up-regulated group survived longer. In the CMap drug screening, three LUAD therapeutic compounds, such as resveratrol, methotrexate, and phenoxybenzamine, scored the highest. In addition, these compounds had significant inhibitory effects on the LUAD A549 cell lines. The LUAD risk score model constructed using the expression of KLRC3, RAET1E, AL590226.1, LINC00941 and their risk coefficients had a good independent prognostic power. The optimal LUAD therapeutic compounds screened in the CMap database: resveratrol, methotrexate and phenoxybenzamine, all showed significant inhibitory effects on LUAD A549 cell lines.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , RNA Longo não Codificante , Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Proteínas de Transporte , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Metotrexato , Fenoxibenzamina , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Resveratrol , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
2.
Tob Induc Dis ; 20: 36, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529323

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have recently become popular as an alternative to conventional cigarettes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of e-cigarette refill liquid (e-liquid) on follicular development and estrogen secretion in rats and whether it is related to the Hippo signaling pathway, a pathway that can regulate follicle growth. METHODS: Ovaries from 21- and 35-day-old rats were divided into three groups: control (no intervention), 0.05 mg, and 0.5 mg (e-liquids containing 0.5 mg and 5 mg of nicotine/kg). The rates were cultured for three hours in vitro. At the end of culture, HE staining was performed to observe the follicle morphology and calculate the percentage of normal follicles, and the expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP, target factors of the Hippo signaling pathway) and CYP19 (aromatase, a key enzyme in estrogen synthesis) were observed by immunohistochemistry. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression levels of CYP19, YAP, phosphorylated YAP (PYAP), large tumor suppressor 2 (LATS2, factors upstream of YAP in the Hippo signaling pathway), and phosphorylated LATS2 (PLATS2). Estrogen concentrations were determined using ELISA. RESULTS: HE staining showed that the percentage of normal follicles decreased, and immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of CYP19 and YAP significantly decreased after e-liquid intervention. ELISA showed that the estrogen concentration in the ovaries decreased after e-liquid intervention. Western blot results indicated that CYP19, LATS2, and YAP expression, decreased after e-liquid intervention, but PLATS2 and PYAP expression increased. CONCLUSIONS: We found that the e-liquids may impair the development of rat ovarian follicles and reduce estrogen secretion through Hippo signaling pathway.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 788001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35492340

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the associations of macular microvascular abnormalities with the characteristics and progression of macular edema or exudation in Coats' disease, toward an updated understanding of possible risk factors for macular edema or exudation. Methods: Twenty-six eyes (26 patients) with Coats' disease and macular edema or exudation underwent multimodal imaging and were followed for 18 months. The eyes were classified according to their outcomes (refractory or improved). Macular capillary affections were assessed by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and fluorescein angiography (FA). Histopathological analysis of the macular region of an additional enucleated eye was performed. Results: OCTA revealed telangiectasia in the deep capillary plexus (DCP) in 76.9% and the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) in 34.6% of 26 eyes with macular edema or exudation of Coats' disease, exceeding the rate detected by FA (21.4%). Eyes with intraretinal cystoid spaces/exudates of the macula presented higher presence of telangiectasia in the SCP (57.1% with vs. 8.3% without, X2 = 6.801, P = 0.009) and DCP (92.9 with vs. 58.3% without, X2 = 4.338, P = 0.037). The parafoveal vessel densities (VDs) and fractal dimension in the SCP and DCP were lower in affected eyes than in contralateral eyes (all P < 0.001). The VD in SCP (P = 0.009) and DCP (P = 0.010) were lower in refractory group than in improved group. Dilated capillaries with incomplete vessel walls and adjacent inflammatory cells were detected in the neuroretina of the macula in histopathological specimen. Conclusions: Macular capillary abnormalities, including telangiectasia and VD loss, were positively detected in eyes with macular edema or exudation of Coats' disease. Intraretinal cystoid spaces/exudates of the macula, rather than subretinal exudates, may be related to macular telangiectasia. VD losses in the SCP and DCP may be risk factors for refractory macular edema or exudation.

4.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381181

RESUMO

To date, there is no effective treatment strategy for Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Curcumin, a major active ingredient of curcuma longa L, possesses a potential anti-inflammatory activity in many types of disease. In the current study, the mechanism underlying curcumin attenuates ICH-induced neuronal apoptosis and neuroinflammation was explored. Herein, we studied curcumin decreased brain edema and improved neurological function by using brain edema measurement, assessment of neurological-deficient score, immunofluorescence, and western blotting analyses after ICH. The results showed that curcumin improved ICH-induced neuronal apoptosis and neuroinflammation. Functionally, the polarization of microglia was assessed by immunofluorescence and western blotting analyses after ICH in the absence or presence of curcumin. The results suggested that the M1-type microglia were activated after ICH, while the effect was blocked by curcumin treatment, suggesting that curcumin alleviates the neuroinflammation and apoptosis of neurons by suppressing the M1-type polarization of microglia. Mechanically, M1 polarization of microglia was regulated by JAK1/STAT1 and the activation of JAK1/STAT1 was blocked by curcumin. Meanwhile, the protective function of curcumin can be blocked by RO8191, an activator of JAK1. Taken together our study suggests that curcumin improved the ICH-induced brain injury through alleviating M1 polarization of microglia/macrophage and neuroinflammation via suppressing JAK1/STAT1 pathway.

5.
PeerJ ; 10: e13268, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35462767

RESUMO

Background: The genus Calidris (Charadriiformes, Scolopacidae) includes shorebirds known as dunlin, knots, and sanderlings. The relationships between species nested within Calidris, including Eurynorynchus, Limicola and Aphriza, are not well-resolved. Methods: Samples were collected from Xiaoyangkou, Rudong County, Jiangsu Province, China. Mitogenomes were sequenced using the Illumina Novaseq 6000 platform for PE 2 × 150 bp sequencing, and then checked for PCR products. Protein-coding genes were determined using an Open Reading Frame Finder. tRNAscan-SE, MITOS, and ARWEN were used to confirm tRNA and rRNA annotations. Bioinformatic analyses were conducted using DnaSP 5.1 and MEGA X. Phylogenic trees were constructed using maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses. Results: We sequenced and annotated the mitogenome of five species and obtained four complete mitogenomes and one nearly complete mitogenome. Circular mitogenomes displayed moderate size variation, with a mean length of 16,747 bp, ranging from 16,642 to 16,791 bp. The mitogenome encoded a control region and a typical set of 37 genes containing two rRNA genes, 13 protein-coding genes, and 22 tRNA genes. There were four start codons, four stop codons, and one incomplete stop codon (T-). The nucleotide composition was consistently AT-biased. The average uncorrected pairwise distances revealed heterogeneity in the evolutionary rate for each gene; the COIII had a slow evolutionary rate, whereas the ATP8 gene had a fast rate. dN/dS analysis indicated that the protein-coding genes were under purifying selection. The genetic distances between species showed that the greatest genetic distance was between Eurynorhynchus pygmeus and Limicola falcinellus (22.5%), and the shortest was between E. pygmeus and Calidris ruficollis (12.8%). Phylogenetic trees revealed that Calidris is not a monophyletic genus, as species from the genera Eurynorynchus and Limicola were nested within Calidris. The molecular data obtained in this study are valuable for research on the taxonomy, population genetics, and evolution of birds in the genus Calidris.

6.
Front Surg ; 9: 874577, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449548

RESUMO

Purpose: To explore the application value of an integrated emergency care model based on failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods: According to the convenience sampling method, 100 patients with AIS who visited the emergency department in our hospital from October 2018 to March 2019 were randomly selected as the control group and received routine emergency care mode intervention. Another 100 AIS patients who visited the emergency department from April to October 2019 were selected as the intervention group and received the integrated emergency care model based on FMEA. The total time spent from admission to completion of each emergency procedure [total time spent from admission to emergency physician reception (T0-1), total time spent from admission to stroke team reception (T0-2), total time spent from admission to imaging report out (T0-3), total time spent from admission to laboratory report out (T0-4), and total time spent from admission to intravenous thrombolysis (T0-5)] was recorded for both groups. The clinical outcome indicators (vascular recanalization rate, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage incidence, mortality rate) were observed for both groups. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and Barthel score were evaluated for both groups after the intervention. The treatment satisfaction rate of the patients was investigated for both groups. Results: The total time of T0-1, T0-2, T0-3, T0-4, T0-5 in the intervention group (0.55 ± 0.15, 1.23 ± 0.30, 21.24 ± 3.01, 33.30 ± 5.28, 44.19 ± 7.02) min was shorter than that of the control group (1.22 ± 0.28, 4.01 ± 1.06, 34.12 ± 4.44, 72.48 ± 8.27, 80.31 ± 9.22) min (P < 0.05). The vascular recanalization rate in the intervention group (23.00%) was higher than that in the control group (12.00%) (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage incidence and mortality rate in the two groups (P > 0.05). After intervention, the NIHSS score of the intervention group (2.95 ± 0.91) was lower than that of the control group (6.10 ± 2.02), and the Barthel score (77.58 ± 7.33) was higher than that of the control group (53.34 ± 5.12) (P < 0.05). The treatment satisfaction rate in the intervention group (95.00%) was higher than that of the control group (86.00%) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Through FMEA, the failure mode that affects the emergency time of AIS patients is effectively analyzed and the targeted optimization process is proposed, which are important to enhance the efficiency and success rate of resuscitation of medical and nursing staff and improve the prognosis and life ability of patients.

8.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 93(4): 043104, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489950

RESUMO

The uncertainties of spot size and position need to be clarified for x-ray sources as they can affect the detecting precision of the x-ray probe beam in applications such as radiography. In particular, for laser-driven x-ray sources, they would be more significant as they influence the inevitable fluctuation of the driving laser pulses. Here, we have employed the penumberal coded aperture imaging technique to diagnose the two-dimensional spatial distribution of an x-ray emission source spot generated from a Cu solid target irradiated by an intense laser pulse. Taking advantage of the high detection efficiency and high spatial resolution of this technique, the x-ray source spot is characterized with a relative error of ∼5% in the full width at half maximum of the intensity profile in a single-shot mode for general laser parameters, which makes it possible to reveal the information of the unfixed spot size and position precisely. Our results show the necessity and feasibility of monitoring the spot of these novel laser-driven x-ray sources via the penumbral coded aperture imaging technique.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 833: 155239, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421494

RESUMO

The intensive use of acetochlor in China leads to its extensive existence in soil which may result in contamination of crops and commodities. Therefore, it is vital to assess the bioavailability and phytotoxicity of acetochlor to crops. In this study, four measurements involved in in situ pore water extraction (CIPW), passive sampling extraction (Cfree), ex situ pore water extraction (CEPW), and organic solvent extraction (Csoil) were conducted to assess the bioavailability and phytotoxicity of acetochlor to wheat plant plants in five soils. The results showed that the acetochlor concentrations accumulated in wheat foliage and roots were in the range of 0.11-0.87 mg/kg and 0.09-2.02 mg/kg in the five tested soils, respectively, and had a significant correlation with the acetochlor values analyzed by CIPW (R2 = 0.83-0.90, p < 0.0001) or the Cfree method (R2 = 0.86-0.92, p < 0.0001). The acetochlor concentrations in the five soils measured by these two methods were also correlated with the IC50 values of acetochlor in wheat foliage and roots (R2 > 0.69, p ≤ 0.05). The results indicated that the CIPW and Cfree methods were effective in evaluating acetochlor toxicity to wheat and the acetochlor concentrations in wheat. The effects of soil physical and chemical properties including pH, organic matter content (OMC), clay content, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) on the acetochlor toxicity to wheat were analyzed, and soil OMC was found to be the dominant factor affecting the toxicity of acetochlor in the soil-wheat system.

10.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-9, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486941

RESUMO

We aimed to examine the roles of microRNA-873-5p and CXCL5 in thyroid cancer (TC) cells. qRT-PCR was adopted to measure the expression levels of CXCL5 mRNA and microRNA-873-5p in TC cells, and western blot was adopted to evaluate the CXCL5 protein expression level. Bioinformatics analysis was done to predict the upstream gene of CXCL5. Dual-luciferase assay was applied to validate the binding relationship of CXCL5 and the upstream regulatory gene. Cell experiments were done to detect the effects of microRNA-873-5p targeting CXCL5 on malignant progression of cancer cells. Western blot was adopted to demonstrate the phosphorylation level of P53 pathway related-proteins. CXCL5 was upregulated in TC cells and tissues. The results of in vitro assays displayed that CXCL5 downregulation dramatically suppressed the malignant behaviors of TC cells. MicroRNA-873-5p suppressed CXCL5 expression, but the suppressive effect of microRNA-873-5p on TC cells was abolished through CXCL5 overexpression. Additionally, microRNA-873-5p could mediate p53 pathway and thereby inhibit the malignant behaviors of TC cells through targeting CXCL5. In summary, we proved that microRNA-873-5p repressed the malignant behaviors of TC cells through targeting CXCL5 and P53 pathway, indicating that microRNA-873-5p can be a biomarker for TC.

11.
Front Genet ; 13: 850122, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432464

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulatory factor gene (RPGR) in a Chinese cohort. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 80 subjects with RPGR-retinal dystrophy (RPGR-RD) for detailed genetic and clinical characterization. The panel-based next-generation sequencing of 792 causative genes involved in common genetic eye diseases was conducted in all individuals, followed by clinical variant interpretation. Information, including age, sex, geographic distribution, family history, consanguineous marriage, age at symptom onset, disease duration, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and complete ophthalmologic examination results, was collected. Results: This cohort (41 men and 39 women) included 26 families (26 probands and their available family members) and 13 sporadic cases. The average age of these participants was 36.35 ± 17.68 years, and the majority of the families were from eastern China (28 families, 71.79%). The average duration of disease in the probands was 22.68 ± 15.80 years. In addition, the average BCVA values of the right and left eyes in the probands were 0.96 ± 0.77 and 1.00 ± 0.77, respectively. A total of 34 RPGR variants were identified, including 6 reported variants and 28 novel variants. Among these variants, NM_001034853.1: c.2899_2902delGAAG and c.2744_2745ins24 were considered de novo variants. The majority of the RPGR variants were classified as likely pathogenic, accounting for 70.59% of the variants (24 variants). The most common nucleotide and amino acid changes identified in this study were deletions (16 variants, 45.06%) and frameshifts (17 variants, 50.00%), respectively. Genetic analysis revealed that these RPGR variants were distributed in 10 different subregions of RPGR, and 70.59% of the RPGR variants (24 variants) were located in exon 15. Four RPGR variants, NM_001034853.1: c.2405_2406delAG, c.1345C > T, c.2218G > T and c.2236_2237delGA, occurred at a very high frequency of 28.21% (11 families) among 39 unrelated families. Conclusion: This study expands the known mutational spectrum of RPGR, and we provide a new reference for the genetic diagnosis of RPGR variants.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407346

RESUMO

Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) has a dominant function in energy conversion and storage because it supplies a most effective way for converting electricity into sustainable high-purity hydrogen. Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have shown promising performance in the process of electrochemical water oxidation (a half-reaction for water splitting). Nevertheless, HER properties have not been well released due to the structural characteristics of related materials. Herein, a simple and scalable tactics is developed to synthesize chromium-doped CoFe LDH (CoFeCr LDH). Thanks to oxygen vacancy, optimized electronic structure and interconnected array hierarchical structure, our developed ternary CoFeCr-based layered double hydroxide catalysts can provide 10 mA cm-2 current density at -0.201 V vs. RHE with superior long-term stability in alkaline electrolyte. We anticipate that the simple but feasible polymetallic electronic modulation strategy can strengthen the electrocatalytic property of the layered double hydroxides established in the present study, based on a carbon neutral and hydrogen economy.

13.
Heart Surg Forum ; 25(2): E320-E325, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after cardiac surgery is a common complication. We aimed to investigate the impact of serum uric acid level (UA) on the POAF of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing CABG at the Hospital between January 2019 and December 2019 was performed. Hyperuricemia (HUA) was defined as serum UA levels >420 µmol/l in men and>360 µmol/l in women. The included patients were divided into the HUA group (103) and the normal UA group (306) based on serum uric acid levels before surgery. POAF was defined as atrial fibrillation that occurred within 7 days of cardiac surgery. We use COX regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier curves (log-rank test) for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of HUA was 25.2% (103/409). The rate of POAF was 28.61%. Univariate COX regression analysis showed the risk of POAF occurrence. It was revealed that UA was an independent predictor of POAF (HR=1.493, 95% CI1.007-2.212, P = 0.046). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that high serum UA was associated with the occurrence of POAF (P = 0.034). Moreover, age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.024-1.076, P < 0.001), AD (HR=1.567, 95%CI .015-2.42, P = 0.043), and CCB (HR=0.647, 95%CI 0.424-0.988, P = 0.044) also were independent predictors of POAF. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative UA level was significantly associated with POAF. Higher serum UA was an independent risk factor for POAF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico
14.
Food Chem ; 387: 132930, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35436688

RESUMO

The fan training system with multiple trunks (F-MT) is widely used in the northern China winegrape region with high yield and convenience for burying soil to prevent winter cold. However, the wide distribution of clusters under F-MT usually leads to variations in berry compositions. In two consecutive years, clusters from different spatial positions were collected to determine the phenolic composition in grapes and resultant wines by HPLC-QqQ-MS/MS. Results showed that light exposure promotes the accumulation of flavonols and 3'-hydroxylated anthocyanins in berries. Wines made from upper clusters had higher alcohol degree, lightness, monomeric anthocyanins and flavonols, whereas wines made from lower clusters had relatively higher total acidity, red color component, polymeric anthocyanin and total flavanols. Most of the wine parameters were also significantly affected by vintage. In conclusion, the quality of grapes and wines varied from different cluster positions, graded harvesting helps to maximize the characteristics of grape berries.


Assuntos
Vitis , Vinho , Antocianinas/análise , Flavonóis/análise , Frutas/química , Fenóis/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Vinho/análise
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 836: 155517, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35483456

RESUMO

As the Third Pole of the Earth, the Tibetan Plateau has numerous lakes with seasonal ice cover. The ice phenology of these lakes has undergone remarkable changes in recent years. We obtained the ice phenology records for 71 lakes for the period of 2001 to 2020 and found overall later trends for both freeze-up and break-up dates. As a result, the changes in ice cover duration showed great spatial heterogeneity. Therefore, we analyzed the causes of lake ice phenology changes from two aspects: climate change and lake properties. The results showed that the changes in air temperature dominated the variations in ice phenology, followed by solar radiation. The weakened wind power in the northeastern part of the plateau was favorable for the delay of break-up end dates and the extension of ice cover durations. Furthermore, by changing the lake size and salinity, water balance changes led to aggravated ice phenology changes for some lakes, while for some other lakes, they moderated or even reversed the changes caused by other climatic factors. In general, the spatial inconsistency of changes in multiple climatic factors (especially differences between the northeastern and southwestern parts) during the 20 years was the main reason for the heterogeneity of lake ice phenology changes on the Tibetan Plateau. This study preliminarily summarized some of the effects of climate change and lake properties on lake ice phenology, and the results are important for understanding the physical mechanism of lake ice phenology changes under climate change.

16.
Regen Biomater ; 9: rbac017, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35480862

RESUMO

This study aimed at evaluating the possibility and effectiveness of osteoinductive bioceramics to fill the tumor cavity following the curettage of sacral giant cell tumor (GCT). Six patients (four females and two males, 25-45 years old) underwent nerve-sparing surgery, in which the tumor was treated by denosumab, preoperative arterial embolization and extensive curettage. The remaining cavity was filled with commercial osteoinductive calcium phosphate (CaP) bioceramics, whose excellent osteoinductivity was confirmed by intramuscular implantation in beagle canine. All patients were followed by computed tomography (CT) scans postoperatively. According to the modified Neer criterion, five cases obtained Type I healing status, and one case had Type II. At the latest follow-up, no graft-related complications and local recurrence were found. The CT scan indicated a median time of healing initiation of 3 months postoperatively, and the median time for relatively complete healing was 12 months. The excellent bone regenerative ability of the ceramics was also confirmed by increased CT attenuation value, blurred boundary and cortical rim rebuilding. In conclusion, osteoinductive CaP bioceramics could be an ideal biomaterial to treat the large remaining cavity following extensive curettage of sacral GCT. However, further investigation with more cases and longer follow-up was required to confirm the final clinical effect.

17.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 621: 33-40, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35452928

RESUMO

A purely chemical method is demonstrated to treat a variety of biomass wastes for extracting cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) with a consistent property. By hydrothermal reaction, carbon dots (CDs) can be easily grafted on the surface of CNFs to act as photo-thermal agents and enable fast water evaporation rate at 2.5 kg m-2h-1 with about 96.45% solar-to-vapor efficiency under one sun irradiation. This derives from good hydration ability of this system, which lowers the evaporation enthalpy. Moreover, this system not only adsorbs dye contaminants effectively by the formation of hydrogen bonds, but also possesses long-term antifouling solar desalination by means of rationally drilled millimeter-sized channels. Given the sustainable biomass resources and scalable fabrication process, this work offers a promising strategy towards construct low-cost evaporators with the excellent water purification performance.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 807522, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387292

RESUMO

The prediction of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in plants is vital for probing the cell function. Although multiple high-throughput approaches in the biological domain have been developed to identify PPIs, with the increasing complexity of PPI network, these methods fall into laborious and time-consuming situations. Thus, it is essential to develop an effective and feasible computational method for the prediction of PPIs in plants. In this study, we present a network embedding-based method, called DWPPI, for predicting the interactions between different plant proteins based on multi-source information and combined with deep neural networks (DNN). The DWPPI model fuses the protein natural language sequence information (attribute information) and protein behavior information to represent plant proteins as feature vectors and finally sends these features to a deep learning-based classifier for prediction. To validate the prediction performance of DWPPI, we performed it on three model plant datasets: Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana), mazie (Zea mays), and rice (Oryza sativa). The experimental results with the fivefold cross-validation technique demonstrated that DWPPI obtains great performance with the AUC (area under ROC curves) values of 0.9548, 0.9867, and 0.9213, respectively. To further verify the predictive capacity of DWPPI, we compared it with some different state-of-the-art machine learning classifiers. Moreover, case studies were performed with the AC149810.2_FGP003 protein. As a result, 14 of the top 20 PPI pairs identified by DWPPI with the highest scores were confirmed by the literature. These excellent results suggest that the DWPPI model can act as a promising tool for related plant molecular biology.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35393007

RESUMO

Most in vivo animal research and breeding using mice and rats in China takes place in facilities under barrier conditions. Items being moved across the barrier are typically disinfected using UV radiation in a transfer hatch. However, the time periods necessary for this disinfection technique are inefficient, and disinfection is frequently incomplete, especially if concealed surfaces are present. The current study used a newly developed transfer hatch incorporating both UV and ozone disinfection to examine disinfection efficacy against 4 bacteria species (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter baumannii). Disinfection trials used UV and ozone, applied separately and in combination, for up to 30 min. Separate and combined treatments were also tested with a UV barrier. We found that if UV radiation has direct contact with surfaces, it is an efficient disinfection method. However, where surfaces are concealed by a UV barrier, UV radiation performs relatively poorly. The results of this study indicate that a combination of UV and ozone produces the most effective disinfection and is markedly quicker than current disinfection times for UV applied on its own. This novel transfer hatch design therefore allows more complete and efficient disinfection, improves workflow, and reduces barrier breaches by pathogens that may affect animal health and welfare and compromise research outcomes.

20.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394541

RESUMO

KRAS mutation in colorectal cancer (CRC) is associated with aggressive tumor behavior through increased invasiveness and higher rates of lung metastases, but the biological mechanisms behind these features are not fully understood. In this study, we show that KRAS mutant CRC upregulates integrin α6ß4 through ERK/MEK signaling. Knocking-out integrin ß4 specifically depleted the expression of integrin α6ß4 and this resulted in a reduction in the invasion and migration ability of the cancer cells. We also observed a reduction in the number and area of lung metastatic foci in mice that were injected with integrin ß4 knock-out KRAS mutant CRC cells compared to the mice injected with integrin ß4 wild-type KRAS mutant CRC cells, while no difference was observed in liver metastases. Inhibiting integrin α6ß4 in KRAS mutant CRC could be a potential therapeutic target to diminish the KRAS invasive phenotype and associated pulmonary metastasis rate. Implications: Knocking-out Integrin ß4 (ITGB4), which is overexpressed in KRAS mutant colorectal cancer and promotes tumor aggressiveness, diminishes local invasiveness and rates of pulmonary metastasis.

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