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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18888, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556733

RESUMO

The risk and outcomes of diabetes in patients with epilepsy remains unclear. We evaluated these risks using an epilepsy cohort analysis and a diabetes admission analysis. In the epilepsy cohort analysis, we identified 2854 patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy in 2000-2008 from the research data of National Health Insurance in Taiwan. Using Propensity-score matching by sociodemographic factors and medical conditions, we selected 22,832 people without epilepsy as a non-exposed cohort for comparison. Follow-up events of diabetes from January 1, 2000 until December 31, 2013 were ascertained from medical claims. The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of diabetes associated with epilepsy were calculated using multiple Cox proportional hazard models. In the diabetes admission analysis, we identified 92,438 hospitalized diabetes patients, 930 of whom had a history of epilepsy. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs of adverse events after diabetes associated with previous epilepsy were calculated using multiple logistic regressions. The adjusted HR of diabetes in the cohort with epilepsy was 1.31 (95% CI 1.14-1.50) compared to the non-epilepsy cohort. Previous epilepsy was associated with post-diabetes adverse events, such as pneumonia (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.37-2.07), urinary tract infection (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.55-2.16), and septicemia (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.09-1.65). In conclusion, epilepsy was associated with higher risk of diabetes and adverse post-diabetes outcomes. Diabetes prevention and attention to post-diabetes adverse events are needed for this susceptible population.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445544

RESUMO

Patients with advanced-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are susceptible to malnutrition and develop folate deficiency (FD). We previously found that folate deprivation induces drug resistance in hepatocellular carcinoma; here, we assessed whether disrupted cytoplasmic folate metabolism could mimic FD-induced metastasis and affect the sensitivity of NSCLC cells to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). We examined whether cytosolic folate metabolism in NSCLC cells was disrupted by FD or the folate metabolism blocker pemetrexed for 1-4 weeks. Our results revealed an increase in NF-κB overexpression-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition biomarkers: N-cadherin, vimentin, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), SOX9, and SLUG. This finding suggests that the disruption of folate metabolism can drastically enhance the metastatic properties of NSCLC cells. Cytosolic FD also affected EGFR-TKI cytotoxicity toward NSCLC cells. Because SLUG and N-cadherin are resistance effectors against gefitinib, the effects of SLUG knockdown in folate antagonist-treated CL1-0 cells were evaluated. SLUG knockdown prevented SLUG/NF-κB/SOX9-mediated invasiveness and erlotinib resistance acquisition and significantly reduced pemetrexed-induced gelatinase activity and MMP gene expression. To summarize, our data reveal two unprecedented adverse effects of folate metabolism disruption in NSCLC cells. Thus, the folic acid status of patients with NSCLC under treatment can considerably influence their prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Apoptose , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Mutação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 641336, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995275

RESUMO

Reliable protein markers for pre-diabetes in humans are not clinically available. In order to identify novel and reliable protein markers for pre-diabetes in humans, healthy volunteers and patients diagnosed with pre-diabetes and stroke were recruited for blood collection. Blood samples were collected from healthy and pre-diabetic subjects 12 h after fasting. BMI was calculated from body weight and height. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), insulin and albumin were assayed by automated clinical laboratory methods. We used a quantitative proteomics approach to identify 1074 proteins from the sera of pre-diabetic and healthy subjects. Among them, 500 proteins were then selected using Mascot analysis scores. Further, 70 out of 500 proteins were selected via volcano plot analysis according to their statistical significance and average relative protein ratio. Eventually, 7 serum proteins were singled out as candidate markers for pre-diabetes due to their diabetic relevance and statistical significance. Immunoblotting data demonstrated that laminin subunit alpha 2 (LAMA2), mixed-lineage leukemia 4 (MLL4), and plexin domain containing 2 (PLXDC2) were expressed in pre-diabetic patients but not healthy volunteers. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the combination of the three proteins has greater diagnostic efficacy than any individual protein. Thus, LAMA2, MLL4 and PLXDC2 are novel and reliable serum protein markers for pre-diabetic diagnosis in humans.

4.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(3)2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805825

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus has reached epidemic proportion worldwide. One of the diabetic complications is cardiomyopathy, characterized by early left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, followed by development of systolic dysfunction and ventricular dilation at a late stage. The pathogenesis is multifactorial, and there is no effective treatment yet. In recent years, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a toxic aldehyde generated from lipid peroxidation, is implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Its high bioreactivity toward proteins results in cellular damage. Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is the major enzyme that detoxifies 4-HNE. The development of small-molecule ALDH2 activator provides an opportunity for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy. This study found that AD-9308, a water-soluble andhighly selective ALDH2 activator, can improve LV diastolic and systolic functions, and wall remodeling in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. AD-9308 treatment dose-dependently lowered serum 4-HNE levels and 4-HNE protein adducts in cardiac tissue from diabetic mice, accompanied with ameliorated myocardial fibrosis, inflammation, and apoptosis. Improvements of mitochondrial functions, sarco/endoplasmic reticulumcalcium handling and autophagy regulation were also observed in diabetic mice with AD-9308 treatment. In conclusion, ADLH2 activation effectively ameliorated diabetic cardiomyopathy, which may be mediated through detoxification of 4-HNE. Our findings highlighted the therapeutic potential of ALDH2 activation for treating diabetic cardiomyopathy.

5.
J Diabetes Investig ; 12(6): 909-913, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33686797

RESUMO

Metformin improves mitochondrial function and enhances autophagy of T helper 17 cells, leading to decreased inflammation. This highlights the importance of metabolic modulation of immune cells.

6.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 8(1): ofaa545, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511222

RESUMO

Background: We aim to determine whether obesity increases the risk of various infections using a large prospective population-based cohort. Methods: A total of 120 864 adults were recruited from the New Taipei City health screening program from 2005 to 2008. Statistics for hospitalization and mortality due to infection were obtained from the National Health Insurance Database and the National Death Registry in Taiwan. Results: During a mean follow-up period of 7.61 years, there were 438, 7582, 5298, and 1480 first hospitalizations due to infection in the underweight, normal, overweight, and obese groups, respectively. Obesity significantly increases the risk of hospitalization for intra-abdominal infections (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.19; 95% CI, 1.00-1.40), including diverticulitis, liver abscess, acute cholecystitis and anal and rectal abscess, reproductive and urinary tract infection (aHR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.26-1.50), skin and soft tissue infection (aHR, 2.46; 95% CI, 2.15-2.81), osteomyelitis (aHR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.14-2.54), and necrotizing fasciitis (aHR, 3.54; 95% CI,1.87-6.67), and this relationship is dose-dependent. This study shows that there is a U-shaped association between body mass index (BMI) and hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infection, septicemia, and the summation of all infections and that underweight people are at the greatest risk, followed by obese people. There is a clear negative relationship between BMI and infection-related mortality. Conclusions: The pattern that BMI affects the risk of hospitalization and mortality due to infection varies widely across infection sites. It is necessary to tailor preventive and therapeutic measures against different infections in hosts with different BMIs.

7.
Obes Surg ; 31(1): 117-126, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been shown to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, less is known whether it can also reduce diabetic renal, neurological, and ophthalmic complications. METHODS: This prospective multicenter cohort study compared renal, ophthalmic, and neurological complications between 49 patients with obesity/overweight receiving bariatric surgery and 338 patients receiving standard medical treatment after follow-up for 2 years. Patients received neurological examinations including toe tuning fork vibration test, ankle tendon reflex test, 10-g monofilament test, and ophthalmic examinations including visual acuity measurement and fundus examinations. Multiple regressions, propensity score weighting, and matching were employed to adjust for baseline differences. RESULTS: After 2 years of follow-up, patients with type 2 diabetes receiving bariatric surgery had greater reduction in BMI, HbA1c, and urine albumin-creatinine ratio, greater improvement in estimated glomerular filtration rate, and greater increase in tuning fork test score of right and left toes compared with the medical group. However, there is no improvement in 10 g-monofilament test, visual acuity, diabetic non-proliferative retinopathy, and proliferative retinopathy. Similar results were obtained using multiple regression adjustment, propensity-score weighting, or comparing age-, sex-, and BMI-matched subjects. CONCLUSIONS: After 2-year follow-up, patients with obesity/overweight and type 2 diabetes receiving bariatric surgery have increased glomerular filtration rate, reduced albuminuria, and improved tuning folk vibration sensation.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade Mórbida , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
8.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; 29(1): 193-202, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657648

RESUMO

Purpose: Orbital fibroblasts are involved in pathogenesis of Graves' orbitopathy (GO). Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) affects fibroblasts of GO. This study aims to investigate the roles of FGF and FGF receptor (FGFR) in GO.Methods: Serum FGF proteins and orbital fibroblast FGFR proteins and mRNAs were measured in GO patients and controls. Orbital fibroblasts of GO were cultured and accessed for changes in proliferation (by nuclei number and MTT), myofibroblastic differentiation (by α-SMA), and adipogenesis (by oil droplets using Oil Red O stain) under FGF1 with or without FGFR inhibitors (FGFRi).Results: Serum FGF1 and FGF2 were increased in GO patients. FGFR1 was the most abundantly expressed FGFR in GO orbital fibroblasts. FGF1 increased GO fibroblast proliferation/adipogenesis and suppressed myofibroblastic differentiation, while FGFRi reversed these effects.Conclusion: FGF signaling may be involved in GO pathogenesis. Manipulation of FGF-FGFR pathway for GO treatment is worthy of further investigation.Registration number on Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03324022.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33257420

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Limited information was available regarding the perioperative outcomes in patients with and without use of metformin. This study aims to evaluate the complications and mortality after major surgery in patients with diabetes who use metformin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a real-world database of Taiwan's National Health Insurance from 2008 to 2013, we conducted a matched cohort study of 91 356 patients with diabetes aged >20 years who used metformin and later underwent major surgery. Using a propensity score-matching technique adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, medical condition, surgery type, and anesthesia type, 91 356 controls who underwent surgery but did not use metformin were selected. Logistic regression was used to calculate the ORs with 95% CIs for postoperative complications and 30-day mortality associated with metformin use. RESULTS: Patients who used metformin had a lower risk of postoperative septicemia (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.98), acute renal failure (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.96), and 30-day mortality (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.71 to 0.88) compared with patients who did not use metformin, in both sexes and in every age group. Metformin users who underwent surgery also had a decreased risk of postoperative intensive care unit admission (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.62) and lower medical expenditures (p<0.0001) than non-use controls. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with diabetes, those who used metformin and underwent major surgery had a lower risk of complications and mortality compared with non-users. Further randomized clinical trials are needed to show direct evidence of how metformin improves perioperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Metformina , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metformina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 14578, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884031

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) 21 and 23 are recently identified hormones regulating metabolism of glucose, lipid, phosphate and vitamin D. Here we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for circulating FGF21 and FGF23 concentrations to identify their genetic determinants. We enrolled 5,000 participants from Taiwan Biobank for this GWAS. After excluding participants with diabetes mellitus and quality control, association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with log-transformed FGF21 and FGF23 serum concentrations adjusted for age, sex and principal components of ancestry were analyzed. A second model additionally adjusted for body mass index (BMI) and a third model additionally adjusted for BMI and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were used. A total of 4,201 participants underwent GWAS analysis. rs67327215, located within RGS6 (a gene involved in fatty acid synthesis), and two other SNPs (rs12565114 and rs9520257, located between PHC2-ZSCAN20 and ARGLU1-FAM155A respectively) showed suggestive associations with serum FGF21 level (P = 6.66 × 10-7, 6.00 × 10-7 and 6.11 × 10-7 respectively). The SNPs rs17111495 and rs17843626 were significantly associated with FGF23 level, with the former near PCSK9 gene and the latter near HLA-DQA1 gene (P = 1.04 × 10-10 and 1.80 × 10-8 respectively). SNP rs2798631, located within the TGFB2 gene, was suggestively associated with serum FGF23 level (P = 4.97 × 10-7). Additional adjustment for BMI yielded similar results. For FGF23, further adjustment for eGFR had similar results. We conducted the first GWAS of circulating FGF21 levels to date. Novel candidate genetic loci associated with circulating FGF21 or FGF23 levels were found. Further replication and functional studies are needed to support our findings.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taiwan , Vitamina D/sangue
11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 4475, 2020 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32161271

RESUMO

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk of infection, but whether the risks are attenuated in different patient groups remains unclear. This study enrolled participants with CKD stages 1-3 in the New Taipei City Health Screening Program between 2005 and 2008. A proportional hazard regression model was employed to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for infection-related hospitalization and mortality in younger (<50-year-old) and older (≥50-year-old) CKD patients. Of 119,871 adults, there were 14,207 cases of first hospitalization for infection during a median follow-up of 8.14 years; 45.5% of these cases were younger patients. Unlike CKD stage 1 and 2 patients, the risk of infection-related hospitalization in younger CKD stage 3 patients is as high as for older CKD stage 3 patients. Proteinuria increases the risk of infection-related hospitalization independent of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels in older CKD patients but this relationship is weak in their younger counterparts. In conclusion, the risk of infection-related hospitalization is high in subgroups of CKD patients. Prevention and treatment of infections in these patients merit more attention.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Infecções/epidemiologia , Infecções/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 13: 89-98, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021355

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the risk of incident diabetes between people who used lovastatin and red yeast rice (RYR) prescriptions. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed to analyze the real-world database of Taiwan's National Health Insurance. We identified the RYR cohort, which included 34,504 persons age 20 years or older who began their use of a RYR prescription in 2010-2014. A comparison cohort of 34,504 adults beginning the use of lovastatin was selected from the same dataset, which was matched by age and sex. Both cohorts had no diabetes before the use of the medications. Events of incident diabetes in 2000-2015 were ascertained from medical claims. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of incident diabetes associated with the use of RYR prescriptions were calculated. Results: The incidences of diabetes for the RYR cohort and the lovastatin cohort were 1.01 and 2.59 per 100 person-years, respectively (P < 0.0001). Compared with the lovastatin cohort, the adjusted HR of incident diabetes was 0.46 (95% CI 0.43-0.50) for people who used RYR prescriptions. The association between reduced incident diabetes and use of RYR prescriptions was significant in various subgroups. There was a dose-response relationship between RYR prescriptions and the reduced risk of incident diabetes. Conclusion: We raised the possibility that people who used RYR prescriptions may have a lower risk of incident diabetes compared with the lovastatin cohort.

13.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 105(3)2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784746

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The association between circulating triglyceride (TG) and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), a biomarker for type 2 diabetes, has been widely addressed, but the causal direction of the relationship is still ambiguous. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the causal relationship between TG and HbA1c by using bidirectional and 2-step Mendelian randomization (MR) approaches. METHODS: We carried out a bidirectional MR approach using the summarized results from the public database to examine any potential causal effects between serum TG and HbA1c in 16 000 individuals of the Taiwan Biobank cohort. We used the MR estimate and the MR inverse variance-weighted method to reveal that relationship between TG and HbA1c. To further determine whether the DNA methylation at specific sequences mediate the causal pathway between TG and HbA1c, using the 2-step MR approach. RESULTS: We identified that a single-unit increase in TG measured via log transformation of mg/dL data was associated with a significant increase of 10 units of HbA1c (95% CI = 1.05-18.95, P = 0.029). In contrast, the genetic determinants of HbA1c do not contribute to the amount of circulating TG (beta = 1.75, 95% CI = -11.50 to 14.90). Sensitivity analyses, included the weighted-median approach and MR-Egger regression, were performed to confirm no pleiotropic effect among these instrumental variables. Furthermore, we identified the genetic variant, rs1823200, is associated with both methylation of the CpG site adjacent to CADPS gene and HbA1c level. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that higher circulating TG can have an affect on genomic methylation status, ultimately causing elevated level of circulating HbA1c.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Hemoglobina A Glicada/genética , Hiperlipidemias/genética , Triglicerídeos/genética , Adulto , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/sangue , Ilhas de CpG , Metilação de DNA , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Variação Genética , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Regressão , Taiwan , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/sangue
14.
Mol Cell ; 76(3): 500-515.e8, 2019 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422874

RESUMO

Diet-induced obesity can be caused by impaired thermogenesis of beige adipocytes, the brown-like adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT). Promoting brown-like features in WAT has been an attractive therapeutic approach for obesity. However, the mechanism underlying beige adipocyte formation is largely unknown. N-α-acetyltransferase 10 protein (Naa10p) catalyzes N-α-acetylation of nascent proteins, and overexpression of human Naa10p is linked to cancer development. Here, we report that both conventional and adipose-specific Naa10p deletions in mice result in increased energy expenditure, thermogenesis, and beige adipocyte differentiation. Mechanistically, Naa10p acetylates the N terminus of Pgc1α, which prevents Pgc1α from interacting with Pparγ to activate key genes, such as Ucp1, involved in beige adipocyte function. Consistently, fat tissues of obese human individuals show higher NAA10 expression. Thus, Naa10p-mediated N-terminal acetylation of Pgc1α downregulates thermogenic gene expression, making inhibition of Naa10p enzymatic activity a potential strategy for treating obesity.


Assuntos
Adipócitos Bege/enzimologia , Tecido Adiposo Bege/enzimologia , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal A/metabolismo , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal E/metabolismo , Obesidade/enzimologia , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Termogênese , Acetilação , Tecido Adiposo Bege/fisiopatologia , Adiposidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal A/deficiência , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal A/genética , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal E/deficiência , Acetiltransferase N-Terminal E/genética , Células NIH 3T3 , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Clin Med ; 8(6)2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181658

RESUMO

(1) Background: Overt and subclinical hypothyroidism has been associated with increased cardiometabolic risks. Here we further explore whether thyroid function within normal range is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors in a large population-based study. (2) Methods: We screened 24,765 adults participating in health examinations in Taiwan. Participants were grouped according to high-sensitive thyroid-stimulating hormone (hsTSH) level as: <50th percentile (0.47-1.48 mIU/L, the reference group), 50-60th percentile (1.49-1.68 mIU/L), 60-70th percentile (1.69-1.94 mIU/L), 70-80th percentile (1.95-2.3 mIU/L), 80-90th percentile (2.31-2.93 mIU/L), and >90th percentile (>2.93 mIU/L). Cardiometabolic traits of each percentile were compared with the reference group. (3) Results: Elevated hsTSH levels within normal range were dose-dependently associated with increased body mass index, body fat percentage, waist circumferences, blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), high homeostasis model of assessment of beta-cell (HOMA-ß), triglycerides, total cholesterols, fibrinogen, and uric acids (p-for-trend <0.001), but not with fasting glucose levels. The association remained significant after adjustment of age, sex, and lifestyle. As compared to the reference group, subjects with the highest hsTSH percentile had significantly increased risk of being overweight (adjusted odds ratio (adjOR): 1.35), increased body fat (adjOR: 1.29), central obesity (adjOR: 1.36), elevated blood pressure (adjOR: 1.26), high HbA1c (adjOR: 1.20), hyperinsulinemia (adjOR: 1.75), increased HOMA-IR (adjOR: 1.45), increased HOMA-ß (adjOR: 1.40), hypertriglyceridemia (adjOR: 1.60), hypercholesterolemia (adjOR: 1.25), elevated hsCRP (adjOR: 1.34), increased fibrinogen (adjOR: 1.45), hyperuricemia (adjOR: 1.47), and metabolic syndrome (adjOR: 1.42), but significant risk of low fasting glucose (adjOR: 0.89). Mediation analysis indicates that insulin resistance mediates the majority of the association between thyroid hormone status and the metabolic syndrome. (4) Conclusion: Elevated hsTSH within the normal range is a cardiometabolic risk marker associated with central obesity, insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, inflammation, and hypercoagulability.

16.
J Clin Med ; 8(1)2019 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654558

RESUMO

The impact of diabetes on perioperative outcomes remains incompletely understood. Our purpose is to evaluate post-operative complications and mortality in patients with diabetes. Using the institutional and clinical databases of three university hospitals from 2009⁻2015, we conducted a matched study of 16,539 diabetes patients, aged >20 years, who underwent major surgery. Using a propensity score matching procedure, 16,539 surgical patients without diabetes who underwent surgery were also selected. Logistic regressions were used to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for post-operative complications and in-hospital mortality associated with diabetes. Patients with diabetes had a higher risk of postoperative septicemia (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.01⁻1.74), necrotizing fasciitis (OR 3.98, 95% CI 1.12⁻14.2), cellulitis (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.46⁻3.03), acute pyelonephritis (OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.01⁻3.41), infectious arthritis (OR 3.89, 95% CI 1.19⁻12.7), and in-hospital mortality (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.07⁻2.13) compared to people without diabetes. Previous admission for diabetes (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.85⁻2.93), HbA1c >8% (OR 1.96, 95% CI 1.64⁻2.33) and fasting glucose >180 mg/dL (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.68⁻2.16) were predictors for post-operative adverse events. Diabetes patients who underwent surgery had higher risks of infectious complications and in-hospital mortality compared with patients without diabetes who underwent similar major surgeries.

17.
Am J Nephrol ; 49(1): 41-51, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extensive studies have demonstrated that sleep is an important modulator of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. However, its impact on renal function remains uncertain. METHODS: A total of 26,249 adults aged ≥20 years were recruited through voluntary health examinations in Taiwan. Sleep duration was self-reported by questionnaire. Proteinuria was graded semi-quantitatively by dipstick urine test. The associations of sleep duration with proteinuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were analyzed. RESULTS: After an average follow-up period of 2.62 years, the crude hazard ratio (HR) for proteinuria progression were 1.92 (95% CI 1.22-3.03), 1.23 (95% CI 1.09-1.39), and 1.18 (95% CI 1.00-1.39) for those with sleep duration < 4, 4-6, and > 8 h compared to those with sleep duration of 6-8 h (the reference group), respectively. The HR remained significant for those with sleep duration < 4 h (adjusted HR 1.65 [95% CI 1.05-2.61]) and 4-6 h (adjusted HR 1.19 [95% CI 1.06-1.35]) after adjustment for age, sex, blood pressure, fasting glucose, body mass index, cholesterols, triglycerides, uric acids, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, income/educational levels, and baseline eGFR. However, eGFR was not significantly different among different sleep duration groups. DISCUSSION: This result indicates short sleep duration is independently associated with the progression of proteinuria.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Proteinúria/fisiopatologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteinúria/diagnóstico , Proteinúria/urina , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Asian J Surg ; 42(1): 244-250, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29631874

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strong evidence has shown that metabolic surgery is more effective than medical treatment in the treatment of type 2 diabetic patients. However, no study demonstrated a survival benefit and reduction of diabetes-related end-organ damage. Here, we describe the study design of a large prospective cohort study, the Taiwan Diabesity Study (TDS) which would compare the long-term survival rate and end-organ damage between overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients receiving metabolic surgery and medical treatment. METHODS: Eligibility criteria include type 2 diabetic patients with duration > 6 months, body mass index (BMI) over 25 kg/m2 and age between 20 and 67 years. Exclusion criteria are serum creatinine over 2.0 mg/dL, C-peptide below 1.0 ng/ml, recent history of cancer, and major diabetic complications. Eligible participants were recruited from six medical centers in Taiwan. The survival rate and diabetes-related end organ damage will be compared between the metabolic surgery group and medical group after follow-up for 10 years. RESULTS: In 3 years, 1016 participants were identified from 38,751 patients. The average BMI of patients was 30.6 (±2.6) kg/m2 and the average hemoglobin A1c was 8.2% (±1.5%) with 18% of them receiving insulin treatment. Among them, 126 patients received metabolic surgery and 890 patients received conventional medical treatment. The metabolic surgery group are younger, have a higher proportion of females, higher BMI and blood lipids as compared to the medical group. CONCLUSION: The TDS recruited 1016 overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients including 126 patients receiving metabolic surgery and 890 patients receiving medical treatment.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Complicações do Diabetes/etiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Complicações do Diabetes/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
19.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech ; 1861(11): 1007-1017, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30343691

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation is known to contribute to tumor initiation and cancer progression. In breast tissue, the core circadian gene Period (PER)2 plays a critical role in mammary gland development and possesses tumor suppressor function. Interleukin (IL)-6 and C-C motif chemokine ligand (CCL) 2 are among the most abundant cytokines in the inflammatory microenvironment. We found that acute stimulation by IL-6/CCL2 reduced PER2 expression in non-tumorigenic breast epithelial cells. Longer term exposure to IL-6/CCL2 suppressed PER2 to an even lower level. IL-6 activated STAT3/NFκB p50 signaling to recruit HDAC1 to the PER2 promoter. CCL2 activated the PI3K/AKT pathway to promote ELK-1 cytoplasm-to-nucleus translocation, recruit HDAC1 to the proximal PER2 promoter and facilitate DNMT3-EZH2-PER2 promoter association. Ectopic expression of PER2 inhibited IL-6 or CCL2 induced mammosphere forming ability and reduced sphere size indicating that PER2 repression in breast epithelial cells can be crucial to activate tumorigenesis in an inflammatory microenvironment. The diminished expression of PER2 can be observed over a time scale of hours to weeks following IL-6/CCL2 stimulation suggesting that PER2 suppression occurs in the early stage of the interaction between an inflammatory microenvironment and normal breast epithelial cells. These data show new mechanisms by which mammary cells interact with a cancerous microenvironment and provide additional evidence that PER2 expression contributes to breast tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Mama/citologia , Quimiocina CCL2/fisiologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/fisiologia , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
20.
Int J Med Sci ; 15(10): 1035-1042, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30013445

RESUMO

Chromosome 12q23-q24 has been linked to triglyceride (TG) levels by previous linkage studies, and it contains the Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) gene. We investigated the association between IGF1 and TG levels using two independent samples collected in Taiwan. First, based on 954 siblings in 397 families from the Stanford Asian Pacific Program in Hypertension and Insulin Resistance (SAPPHIRe), we found that rs978458 was associated with TG levels (ß = -0.049, p = 0.0043) under a recessive genetic model. Specifically, subjects carrying the homozygous genotype of the minor allele had lower TG levels, compared with other subjects. Then, a series of stratification analyses in a large sample of 13,193 unrelated subjects from the Taiwan biobank (TWB) project showed that this association appeared in subjects with a family history (FH) of hypertension (ß = -0.045, p = 0.0000034), but not in subjects without such an FH. A re-examination of the SAPPHIRe sample confirmed that this association appeared in subjects with an FH of hypertension (ß = -0.068, p = 0.0025), but not in subjects without an FH. The successful replication in two independent samples indicated that IGF1 is associated with TG levels in subjects with an FH of hypertension in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Taiwan
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