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1.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551362

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) are two major complications that contribute to a poor prognosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Superior early immune reconstitution (IR) is associated with improved survival after HSCT. However, when all three factors, CMV infection, aGVHD, and IR, are concomitantly considered, the effects of the triple events on HSCT are still unknown and should be studied further. Thus we enrolled 185 patients who were diagnosed as hematological malignancies and treated with HLA-matched sibling transplantation (MST) between January 2010 and December 2014, of whom 83 were positive for CMV infection and 82 had aGVHD. Results showed that patients with both aGVHD and CMV infection had significantly higher non-relapse mortality (NRM), lower overall survival (OS), and delayed CD8+ T-cell IR. Multivariate analyses showed that both aGVHD combined with CMV infection and delayed CD8+ T-cell IR were independent risk factors for post-MST prognosis. Recurrent CMV infections are associated with poor CD8+ T-cell reconstitution. However, superior IR could protect against the negative effects of aGVHD and CMV infection on the transplant outcomes.

2.
Ther Adv Hematol ; 13: 20406207221095226, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510211

RESUMO

Background: The responses of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) or corticosteroids as the initial treatment on pregnancy with ITP were unsatisfactory. This study aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of prednisone plus IVIg versus prednisone or IVIg in pregnant patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Methods: Between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2020, 970 pregnancies diagnosed with ITP at 19 collaborative centers in China were reviewed in this observational study. A total of 513 pregnancies (52.89%) received no intervention. Concerning the remaining pregnancies, 151 (33.04%) pregnancies received an initial treatment of prednisone plus IVIg, 105 (22.98%) pregnancies received IVIg alone, and 172 (37.64%) pregnancies only received prednisone. Results: Regarding the maternal response to the initial treatment, no differences were found among the three treatment groups (41.1% for prednisone plus IVIg, 33.1% for prednisone, and 38.1% for IVIg). However, a significant difference was observed in the time to response between the prednisone plus IVIg group (4.39 ± 2.54 days) and prednisone group (7.29 ± 5.01 days; p < 0.001), and between the IVIg group (6.71 ± 4.85 days) and prednisone group (p < 0.001). The median prednisone duration in the monotherapy group was 27 days (range, 8-195 days), whereas that in the combination group was 14 days (range, 6-85 days). No significant differences were found among these three treatment groups in neonatal outcomes, particularly concerning the neonatal platelet counts. The time to response in the combination treatment group was shorter than prednisone monotherapy. The duration of prednisone application in combination group was shorter than prednisone monotherapy. The combined therapy showed a lower predelivery platelet transfusion rate than IVIg alone. Conclusion: These findings suggest that prednisone plus IVIg may represent a potential combination therapy for pregnant patients with ITP.

3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 879501, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572579

RESUMO

T cell hyporesponsiveness is crucial for the functional immune system and prevents the damage induced by alloreactive T cells in autoimmune pathology and transplantation. Here, we found low expression of PRDM1 in T cells from donor and recipients both related to the occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Our systematic multiomics analysis found that the transcription factor PRDM1 acts as a master regulator during inducing human primary T cell hyporesponsiveness. PRDM1-overexpression in primary T cells expanded Treg cell subset and increased the expression level of FOXP3, while decreased expression had the opposite effects. Moreover, the binding motifs of key T cell function regulators, such as FOS, JUN and AP-1, were enriched in PRDM1 binding sites and that PRDM1 altered the chromatin accessibility of these regions. Multiomics analysis showed that PRDM1 directly upregulated T cell inhibitory genes such as KLF2 and KLRD1 and downregulated the T cell activation gene IL2, indicating that PRDM1 could promote a tolerant transcriptional profile. Further analysis showed that PRDM1 upregulated FOXP3 expression level directly by binding to FOXP3 upstream enhancer region and indirectly by upregulating KLF2. These results indicated that PRDM1 is sufficient for inducing human primary T cell hyporesponsiveness by transcriptomic and epigenetic manners.

4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 814334, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572602

RESUMO

NKG2C+ natural killer (NK) cell plays a vital role in CMV infection control after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the modulation on NKG2C+ NK cell reconstitution is still unclear. NK cell education is affected by the interactions of HLA-I/killer immunoglobulin receptor (KIR). Our aim is to figure out which HLA-I/KIR interaction plays a dominant role in NKG2C+ NK education. Based on allogeneic haploidentical HSCT, we investigated the expansion and function of single KIR positive NKG2C+ NK cells via the interaction of KIR with both donor HLA and recipient HLA at days 30, 90, and 180 after HSCT. KIR2DL2/L3 single-positive/NKG2C+ cells were significantly expanded compared with KIR2DL1 or KIR3DL1 single-positive/NKG2C+ cells when donors and recipients were both HLA-C1/C1 or HLA-C1C1BW4 (p < 0.05), with higher NKp30 expression (p < 0.05). Moreover, the proportion of single KIR positive NK cells increased in both NKG2C+/NKG2A- NK cells and conventional NKG2C-/NKG2A- NK cells over time. We also observed that increased proportion of KIR2DL2/L3 single-positive/NKG2C+ NK cells correlated with higher incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Our study allows a better understanding of HLA-I/KIR interaction in the NKG2C+ NK cell education after HSCT.

5.
Am J Hematol ; 97(6): 762-769, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293011

RESUMO

Adoptive therapy with cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) has emerged as an effective method for CMV infection. However, the efficacy reportedly ranges from 50% to 90%, and factors affecting anti-CMV efficacy have not been established. We investigated the safety and efficacy of adoptive therapy with CMV-CTLs for CMV infection in 190 patients after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT), and importantly, we analyzed the main factors affecting antiviral efficacy. The CMV peak titer decreased from 19 (range, 1.0-503.0) × 103 copies/mL to 3.9 (range, 0-112) × 103 copies/mL after CMV-CTL infusion. The cumulative complete response (CR) rates in the first, fourth, and sixth weeks after the first CMV-CTL infusion were 37.9% (95% CI 35.0-40.8), 76.8% (95% CI 70.7-82.9), and 89.5% (95% CI 85.2-93.8), respectively. In multivariate analysis, persistent CMV infection prior to CMV-CTL infusion (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, 95% CI 1.29-4.06, p = .005) and basiliximab treatment within 2 weeks of CMV-CTL infusion (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.06-3.81, p = .031) were independent predictors of poor antiviral efficacy of CMV-CTL therapy. Our data showed that adoptive therapy with CMV-CTLs is a safe and effective treatment for CMV infection after haplo-SCT. Persistent CMV infection and basiliximab treatment are correlated with poor anti-CMV efficacy of CMV-CTL therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Basiliximab/uso terapêutico , Citomegalovirus , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/etiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 757002, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154096

RESUMO

For allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients, preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy is considered as a useful method to eliminate the minimal residual disease (MRD). Our purpose is to assess the long-term efficacy of preemptive IFN-α therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients following allo-HSCT based on two registry studies (#NCT02185261 and #NCT02027064). We would present the final data and unpublished results of long-term clinical outcomes with extended follow-up. We adopted polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) to monitor MRD, and a positive result of bone marrow specimen examined by either of them would be identified as the MRD-positive status. Subcutaneous injections of recombinant human IFN-α-2b were performed for 6 cycles, and prolonged IFN-α therapy could be permitted at the request of patients. The median cycles were 3.5 (range, 0.5-30.5) cycles. A total of 9 patients suffered from grade ≥3 toxicities (i.e., infectious: n = 6; hematologic: n = 3). The 6-year cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality following IFN-α therapy were 13.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4-20.6%) and 3.9% (95%CI, 0.0-17.6%), respectively. The probability of disease-free survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 83.1% (95%CI, 75.2-91.9%). The probability of overall survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 88.3% (95%CI, 81.4-95.8%). The cumulative incidences of total chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and severe cGVHD at 6 years following IFN-α therapy were 66.2% (95%CI, 55.5-77.0%) and 10.4% (95%CI, 3.6-17.2%), respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that an alternative donor was associated with a lower risk of relapse and the better disease-free survival. Thus, preemptive IFN-α therapy could clear MRD persistently, prevent relapse truly, and improve long-term survival in AML patients following allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interferon alfa-2/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Oncol Ther ; 10(1): 85-103, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35103936

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable due to relapse, although the use of proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, CD38-targeting antibodies, and autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT) significantly improve the clinical outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed MM. In recent years, the introduction of chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR T-cell) therapy has brought hope to patients with refractory and relapsed MM. The graft-versus-myeloma effect of allogeneic SCT provides the possibility for curing a subset of MM patients. In this review, we summarize the recent advances and challenges of cellular immunotherapies for MM, focusing on auto-SCT, allogeneic SCT, and CAR T-cell approaches. We also discuss future directions, and propose a specific algorithm for cellular therapies for MM and probability of minimal residual disease-directed therapy.

8.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 19(4): 482-491, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017718

RESUMO

Adoptive transfer of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) from original transplant donors or third-party donors was effective for the treatment of CMV infection after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), but the antiviral activity of CMV-CTL types has not been compared. To determine whether third-party CMV-CTLs provide comparable long-term antiviral efficacy to transplant donor CMV-CTLs, we first compared the antiviral abilities of transplant donors and third-party CMV-CTLs for treatment of CMV infection in two mouse models, compared the in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity, and analyzed the underlying mechanisms driving sustained antiviral immunity. The results showed that both donor and third-party CMV-CTLs effectively combated systemic CMV infection by reducing CMV pathology and tumor burden 28 days postinfusion. The in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity after CMV-CTL infusion was comparable in both groups. A detailed analysis of the source of recovered CMV-CTLs showed the proliferation and expansion of graft-derived endogenous CMV-CTLs in both groups. Our clinical study, which enrolled 31 patients who received third-party CMV-CTLs and 62 matched pairs of individuals who received transplant donor CMV-CTLs for refractory CMV infection, further showed that adoptive therapy with donor or third-party CMV-CTLs had comparable clinical responses without significant therapy-related toxicity. We observed strong expansion of CD8+ tetramer+ T cells and proliferation of recipient endogenous CMV-CTLs after CMV-CTL infusion, which were associated with a reduced or cleared viral load. Our data confirmed that adoptive therapy with third-party or transplant donor CMV-CTLs triggered comparable antiviral responses to CMV infection that might be mediated by restoration of endogenous CMV-specific immunity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Animais , Citomegalovirus , Humanos , Camundongos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Doadores de Tecidos
9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(4): 554-561, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35079139

RESUMO

The efficacy and outcome of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) remain controversial. We therefore sought to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of TPE in patients with TA-TMA and to identify TA-TMA patients who would benefit from TPE management. Eighty-two patients with TA-TMA were treated with TPE. We reported a response rate of 52% and overall survival rates of 20% and 15% at 100 days and 1 year after TA-TMA, respectively, in TPE-treated patients, with a significantly lower survival in gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding patients (5% vs. 41% in non-GI bleeding patients, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis revealed that patients with GI bleeding, grade III-IV aGVHD, severe anemia, and a lower cumulative volume of TPE were less likely to respond to TPE. GI bleeding, a lower initial volume of TPE, and elevated total bilirubin were independently associated with 100-day mortality. The leading causes of death were infection, active TA-TMA, and MODS. The results of this large cohort of real-world practice indicate that the efficacy and outcome of TPE for TA-TMA patients without GI bleeding are encouraging, and a higher volume of TPE is warranted to achieve favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Estudos de Coortes , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Troca Plasmática/efeitos adversos , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
JCI Insight ; 7(3)2022 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990406

RESUMO

CMV infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Several investigators have reported that adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells persistently expand during CMV reactivation. In our study, 2 cohorts were enrolled to explore the relationships among the NKG2C genotype, NKG2C+ NK cell reconstitution, and CMV infection. Multivariate analysis showed that donor NKG2C gene deletion was an independent prognostic factor for CMV reactivation and refractory CMV reactivation. Furthermore, adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells' quantitative and qualitative reconstitution, along with their anti-CMV function after transplantation, was significantly lower in patients grafted with NKG2Cwt/del donor cells than in those grafted with NKG2Cwt/wt donor cells. At day 30 after transplantation, quantitative reconstitution of NKG2C+ NK cells was significantly lower in patients with treatment-refractory CMV reactivation than in patients without CMV reactivation and those with nonrefractory CMV reactivation. In humanized CMV-infected mice, we found that, compared with those from NKG2Cwt/del donors, adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells from NKG2Cwt/wt donors induced earlier and stronger expansion of NKG2C+ NK cells as well as earlier and stronger CMV clearance in vivo. In conclusion, donor NKG2C homozygosity contributes to CMV clearance by promoting the quantitative and qualitative reconstruction of adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells after haploidentical allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/genética , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Células Matadoras Naturais/patologia , Mutação , Subfamília C de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/genética , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rejeição de Enxerto/metabolismo , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Células Matadoras Naturais/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Subfamília C de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante Haploidêntico , Ativação Viral , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is located on chromosome 11q23. The MLL gene can be rearranged to generate partial tandem duplications (MLL-PTD), which occurs in about 5-10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a normal karyotype and in 5-6% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently one of the curative therapies available for AML and MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB). However, how the prognosis of patients with high levels of MLL-PTD after allo-HSCT, and whether MLL-PTD could be used as a reliable indicator for minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring in transplant patients remains unknown. Our study purposed to analyze the dynamic changes of MLL-PTD peri-transplantation and the best threshold for predicting relapse after transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 48 patients with MLL-PTD AML or MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT in Peking University People's Hospital. The MLL-PTD was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) at the diagnosis, before transplantation and the fixed time points after transplantation. Detectable MLL-PTD/ABL > 0.08% was defined as MLL-PTD positive in this study. RESULTS: The 48 patients included 33 AML patients and 15 MDS-EB patients. The median follow-up time was 26(0.7-56) months after HSCT. In AML patients, 7 patients (21.2%) died of treatment-related mortality (TRM), 6 patients (18.2%) underwent hematological relapse and died ultimately. Of the 15 patients with MDS-EB, 2 patients (13.3%) died of infection. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and TRM were 13.7 ± 5.2, 67.8 ± 6.9, 68.1 ± 6.8 and 20.3% ± 6.1%, respectively. ROC curve showed that post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% was the optimal cut-off value for predicting hematological relapse after allo-HSCT. There was statistical difference between post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% and MLL-PTD < 1.0% groups (3-year CIR: 75% ± 15.3% vs. 0%, P < 0.001; 3-year OS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7% ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year DFS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7 ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year TRM: 0 vs. 19.3 ± 6.6%, P = 0.277). However, whether MLL-PTD ≥ 1% or MLL-PTD < 1% before transplantation has no significant difference on the prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that MLL-PTD had a certain stability and could effectively reflect the change of tumor burden. The expression level of MLL-PTD after transplantation can serve as an effective indicator for predicting relapse.


Assuntos
Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasia Residual , Período Pós-Operatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Carga Tumoral/genética
12.
Blood ; 139(3): 333-342, 2022 01 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665865

RESUMO

The study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus low-dose rituximab (LD-RTX) with LD-RTX monotherapy in corticosteroid-resistant or relapsed immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients. Recruited patients were randomized at a ratio of 2:1 into 2 groups: 112 patients received LD-RTX plus ATRA, and 56 patients received LD-RTX monotherapy. Overall response (OR), defined as achieving a platelet count of ≥30 × 109/L confirmed on ≥2 separate occasions (≥7 days apart), at least a doubling of the baseline platelet count without any other ITP-specific treatment, and the absence of bleeding within 1 year after enrollment, was observed in more patients in the LD-RTX plus ATRA group (80%) than in the LD-RTX monotherapy group (59%) (between-group difference, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.07-0.36). Sustained response (SR), defined as maintenance of a platelet count >30 × 109/L, an absence of bleeding, and no requirement for any other ITP-specific treatment for 6 consecutive months after achievement of OR during 1 year following enrollment, was achieved by 68 (61%) patients in the combination group and 23 (41%) patients in the monotherapy group (between-group difference, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.35). The 2 most common adverse events (AEs) for the combination group were dry skin and headache or dizziness. Our findings demonstrated that ATRA plus LD-RTX significantly increased the overall and sustained response, indicating a promising treatment option for corticosteroid-resistant or relapsed adult ITP. This study is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT03304288.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Prevenção Secundária , Tretinoína/administração & dosagem
13.
Br J Haematol ; 196(4): 1007-1017, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787307

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells exert anti-viral effects after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The balance between inhibition and activation of NK cells determined by the inherited repertoire of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genes may influence Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation after transplantation. To evaluate the relative contributions of KIR genotypes to EBV reactivation, we prospectively enrolled 300 patients with malignant haematological disease who were suitable for haploidentical HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that donors with KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes were associated with an increased risk of EBV reactivation [hazard ratio (HR) 1·86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·19-2·9, P = 0·0067; HR 1·78, 95% CI 1·07-2·97, P = 0·027; HR 1·86, 95% CI 1·19-2·91, P = 0·0065 respectively]. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes was associated with increased EBV reactivation after HSCT. This effect was more evident in the absence of the cognate ligands for the corresponding activating receptors. Our present data firstly showed that donors with activating KIR genes, specifically activating KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 and KIR3DS1, had an increased risk of EBV reactivation. Precaution for patients whose donors carry activating genes will help prevent EBV reactivation and improve patient prognosis after HSCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Receptores KIR/genética , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Immunol ; 208(2): 492-500, 2022 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937746

RESUMO

The interaction of inhibitory receptors with self-MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules is responsible for NK cell education. The intensity of DNAM-1 expression correlates with NK cell education. However, whether DNAM-1 expression directly influences the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction remains unclear. Based on allogeneic haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we investigated the intensity of DNAM-1 expression on reconstituted NK cells via the interaction of KIR with both donor HLA and recipient HLA at days 30, 90, and 180 after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The reconstituted NK cells educated by donor and recipient HLA molecules showed the highest DNAM-1 expression, whereas DNAM-1 expression on educated NK cells with only recipient HLA molecules was higher than that on educated NK cells with only donor HLA molecules, indicating that NK cells with donor or recipient HLA molecules regulate DNAM-1 expression and thereby affect NK cell education. Additionally, the effects of recipient cells on NK cell education were greater than those of donor cells. However, only when the DNAM-1, NKP30, and NKG2D receptors were blocked simultaneously was the function of educated and uneducated NK cells similar. Therefore, activating receptors may collaborate with DNAM-1 to induce educated NK cell hyperresponsiveness. Our data, based on in vitro and in vivo studies, demonstrate that the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction correlates with DNAM-1 expression in human NK cells.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/imunologia , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Receptores KIR/imunologia , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/biossíntese , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Linfoide/terapia , Leucemia Mieloide/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/metabolismo , Receptor 3 Desencadeador da Citotoxicidade Natural/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 758512, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778077

RESUMO

Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT), an alternative donor source, offers a curative therapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are transplant candidates. Advances in transplantation techniques, such as donor selection, conditioning regimen modification, and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis, have successfully improved the outcomes of AML patients receiving haplo-SCT and extended the haploidentical transplant indictions for AML. Presently, treating de novo AML, secondary AML, therapy-related AML and refractory and relapsed AML with haplo-SCT can achieve comparable outcomes to those of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT), unrelated donor transplantation or umbilical cord blood transplantation. For some subgroups of AML subjects, such as patients with positive pretransplantation minimal/measurable residual disease, recent studies suggest that haplo-SCT might be superior to MSDT in decreasing relapse and improving survival. Unfortunately, for patients with AML after haplo-SCT, relapse and infections remain the causes of death that restrict further improvement in clinical outcomes. In this review, we discuss the recent advances and challenges in haplo-SCT for AML treatment, mainly focusing on unmanipulated haplo-SCT protocols. We provide an outlook on future prospects and suggest that relapse prophylaxis, intervention, and treatment, as well as infection prevention and therapy, are areas of active research in AML patients who receive haploidentical allografts.

17.
Blood Adv ; 5(24): 5479-5489, 2021 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507352

RESUMO

Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a potentially life-threatening complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Information on markers for early prognostication remains limited, and no predictive tools for TA-TMA are available. We attempted to develop and validate a prognostic model for TA-TMA. A total of 507 patients who developed TA-TMA following allo-HSCT were retrospectively identified and separated into a derivation cohort and a validation cohort, according to the time of transplantation, to perform external temporal validation. Patient age (odds ratio [OR], 2.371; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.264-4.445), anemia (OR, 2.836; 95% CI, 1.566-5.138), severe thrombocytopenia (OR, 3.871; 95% CI, 2.156-6.950), elevated total bilirubin (OR, 2.716; 95% CI, 1.489-4.955), and proteinuria (OR, 2.289; 95% CI, 1.257-4.168) were identified as independent prognostic factors for the 6-month outcome of TA-TMA. A risk score model termed BATAP (Bilirubin, Age, Thrombocytopenia, Anemia, Proteinuria) was constructed according to the regression coefficients. The validated c-statistic was 0.816 (95%, CI, 0.766-0.867) and 0.756 (95% CI, 0.696-0.817) for the internal and external validation, respectively. Calibration plots indicated that the model-predicted probabilities correlated well with the actual observed frequencies. This predictive model may facilitate the prognostication of TA-TMA and contribute to the early identification of high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/diagnóstico , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia
19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 706935, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of Chinese individuals with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) have biallelic CEBPA (biCEBPA) mutations. The prognosis and optimal therapy for these patients are controversial in clinical practice. METHODS: In this study, we performed targeted region sequencing of 236 genes in 158 individuals with this genotype and constructed a nomogram model based on leukemia-free survival (LFS). Patients were randomly assigned to a training cohort (N =111) and a validation cohort (N =47) at a ratio of 7:3. Risk stratification was performed by the prognostic factors to investigate the risk-adapted post-remission therapy by Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: At least 1 mutated gene other than CEBPA was identified in patients and mutation number was associated with LFS (61.6% vs. 39.0%, P =0.033), survival (85.6% vs. 62.9%, P =0.030) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (38.4% vs. 59.5%, P =0.0496). White blood cell count, mutations in CFS3R, KMT2A and DNA methylation related genes were weighted to construct a nomogram model and differentiate two risk subgroups. Regarding LFS, low-risk patients were superior to the high-risk (89.3% vs. 33.8%, P <0.001 in training cohort; 87.5% vs. 18.2%, P =0.009 in validation cohort). Compared with chemotherapy, allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) improved 5-year LFS (89.6% vs. 32.6%, P <0.001), survival (96.9% vs. 63.6%, P =0.001) and CIR (7.2% vs. 65.8%, P <0.001) in high-risk patients but not low-risk patients (LFS, 77.4% vs. 88.9%, P =0.424; survival, 83.9% vs. 95.5%, P =0.173; CIR, 11.7% vs. 11.1%, P =0.901). CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients could be further classified into two risk subgroups by four factors and allo-HSCT should be recommended for high-risk patients as post-remission therapy. These data will help physicians refine treatment decision-making in biCEBPA mutant-positive CN-AML patients.

20.
Br J Haematol ; 195(5): 722-730, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405393

RESUMO

Despite the high cure probability for acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), a minority of patients will relapse and the risk factors for relapse are unclear. We retrospectively analysed 212 patients who were diagnosed with non-high-risk APL and received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic as front-line therapy at Peking University Institute of Hematology from February 2014 to December 2018. A total of 176 patients (83%) received oral arsenic (realgar-indigo naturalis formula) plus ATRA, 36 patients (17%) received arsenic trioxide plus ATRA and 203 patients were evaluable for relapse. After a median (range) follow-up of 53·6 (24·3-85·4) months, two patients had molecular relapse and eight had haematological relapse. A promyelocytic leukaemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) transcript level of ≥6·5% at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse (P = 0·031). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse, event-free survival and overall survival were 5·5%, 92·3% and 96·3% respectively. In conclusion, the present long-term follow-up study further confirmed the high cure probability of ATRA plus oral arsenic as front-line therapy for non-high-risk APL and showed that the PML-RARA transcript level at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Trióxido de Arsênio/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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