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1.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633

RESUMO

This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Clin Lab ; 67(3)2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scleromyxedema (SME) is a rare mucinosis associated with monoclonal gammopathy. Several biochemical peculiarities of monoclonal immunoglobulins (Ig) in SME patients were reported in case reports or short series, such as IgGλ over-representation, cationic migration, and partial deletion. METHODS: Monoclonal immunoglobulins (Ig) from the serum of 12 consecutive patients diagnosed with scleromyxedema (SME) were analyzed using electrophoretic and immunoblotting techniques. RESULTS: All monoclonal Ig from 12 SME were of IgG1 subclass, with an overrepresentation of the lambda-type light chain and a cationic mobility on standard zone electrophoresis, as compared with 21 cases of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) of IgG1 subclass. Reactivity with specific monoclonal antibodies demonstrated no evident deletion of the heavy chain constant domains, which was also confirmed by analysis of Ig heavy chain molecular weight on a purified monoclonal component from one case. CONCLUSIONS: Significant isotype restriction of both heavy and light chains, and peculiar biochemical properties suggest that monoclonal Ig might be involved in pathophysiological events of SME.


Assuntos
Paraproteinemias , Escleromixedema , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Cadeias lambda de Imunoglobulina
6.
Ann Intensive Care ; 11(1): 9, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for high morbidity and mortality worldwide, mostly due to the exacerbated inflammatory response observed in critically ill patients. However, little is known about the kinetics of the systemic immune response and its association with survival in SARS-CoV-2+ patients admitted in ICU. We aimed to compare the immuno-inflammatory features according to organ failure severity and in-ICU mortality. METHODS: Six-week multicentre study (N = 3) including SARS-CoV-2+ patients admitted in ICU. Analysis of plasma biomarkers at days 0 and 3-4 according to organ failure worsening (increase in SOFA score) and 60-day mortality. RESULTS: 101 patients were included. Patients had severe respiratory diseases with PaO2/FiO2 of 155 [111-251] mmHg), SAPS II of 37 [31-45] and SOFA score of 4 [3-7]. Eighty-three patients (83%) required endotracheal intubation/mechanical ventilation and among them, 64% were treated with prone position. IL-1ß was barely detectable. Baseline IL-6 levels positively correlated with organ failure severity. Baseline IL-6 and CRP levels were significantly higher in patients in the worsening group than in the non-worsening group (278 [70-622] vs. 71 [29-153] pg/mL, P < 0.01; and 178 [100-295] vs. 100 [37-213] mg/L, P < 0.05, respectively). Baseline IL-6 and CRP levels were significantly higher in non-survivors compared to survivors but fibrinogen levels and lymphocyte counts were not different between groups. After adjustment on SOFA score and time from symptom onset to first dosage, IL-6 and CRP remained significantly associated with mortality. IL-6 changes between Day 0 and Day 3-4 were not different according to the outcome. A contrario, kinetics of CRP and lymphocyte count were different between survivors and non-survivors. CONCLUSIONS: In SARS-CoV-2+ patients admitted in ICU, a systemic pro-inflammatory signature was associated with clinical worsening and 60-day mortality.

7.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 9(1): 275-282.e1, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safe and cost-effective biological surrogate markers to evaluate the severity and threshold dose of peanut allergy (PA) reactions during an oral food challenge (OFC) are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate biological markers associated with the severity and threshold dose of an allergic reaction during an OFC in a population of children with PA. METHODS: Demographic and biological parameters of children with peanut OFC and basophil activation test (BAT) results were collected. Patients were stratified into 2 severity groups (mild-to-moderate and severe) and 2 cumulative threshold dose groups: low (LCTG) ≤100 mg crushed peanut and high >100 mg. RESULTS: Among the 68 children included, there was a 96% concordance between the OFC and BAT result for the diagnosis of PA. Of the 56 children with a positive OFC and BAT to peanut (median age: 8.8 years), the severity of an allergic reaction and the cumulative threshold dose were not correlated (P = .24). Higher Ara h 2-specific IgE and FcεRI-positive control values were both associated with severe reactions to peanut. Combining these 2 markers led to a 92% sensitivity (84%-97%) and an 82% specificity (71%-89%) for severe reactions in all subjects. For children in the LCTG, a 4-variable composite marker, including age, normalized basophil sensitivity (EC50), and FcεRI- and fMLP-positive control values, resulted in a 97% sensitivity (89%-99%) and 61% specificity (49%-71%). CONCLUSION: Distinct composite markers including BAT allergen-specific and non-allergen-specific parameters appear to be associated with severity and cumulative threshold dose in children with PA.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Amendoim , Alérgenos , Antígenos de Plantas , Arachis , Basófilos , Biomarcadores , Criança , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade a Amendoim/diagnóstico
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20726, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629647

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Scleromyxedema (rare cutaneous mucinosis), is characterized by the formation of lichenoid papules and presence of Serum monoclonal IgG in most cases, or all; after repeated testing. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient is a 51-year-old male presented with thick, disfiguring elephant-like erythematous skin folds over the forehead, papular shiny eruptions over ears and trunk and waxy erythematous papules over arms and hands without dysphagia or respiratory or neurologic symptoms DIAGNOSIS: : Skin biopsy from right arm was consistent with scleromyxedema. Serum cryoglobulin was reported negative. Complete blood count and routine blood biochemistry were normal. Thyroid function tests were normal. Serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation showed monoclonal band of 14.5 g/L typed as IgG lambda. INTERVENTIONS: Our patient was refractory to lenalidomide however improved clinically on immunoglobulins infusions on monthly basis without change in the MGUS level. OUTCOMES: NGF analysis revealed approximately 0.25% Lambda monotypic plasma cells in the bone marrow expressing CD38, CD138, and CD27 with aberrant expression of CD56 and were negative for CD45, CD19, CD117, and CD81. We also detected 0.002% circulating plasma cells (PCs) in peripheral blood. CONCLUSION: The immunophenotype of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) remain close to the malignant PCs phenotype in the BM. Hence, we report NGF approach as a novel diagnostic tool for highly sensitive MRD detection in plasma cell dyscrasias including scleromyxedema.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Escleromixedema/patologia , Orelha Externa/patologia , Testa/patologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paraproteinemias/imunologia , Paraproteinemias/patologia , Escleromixedema/terapia , Pele/patologia
9.
Clin Case Rep ; 8(1): 5-8, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998476

RESUMO

The mechanical obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow can lead to very high hyperproteinorachia. In myeloma, tumoral clivus obstruction can cause such high proteinorachia, associated with paraprotein detection in the CSF in absence of intrathecal synthesis.

10.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1534, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333665

RESUMO

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) corresponds to the deposition of amyloid material in the cerebral vasculature, leading to structural modifications of blood vessel walls. The most frequent form of sporadic CAA involves fibrillar ß-amyloid peptide (Aß) deposits, mainly the 40 amino acid form (Aß1-40), which are commonly found in the elderly with or without Alzheimer's disease. Sporadic CAA usually remains clinically silent. However, in some cases, acute complications either hemorrhagic or inflammatory can occur. Similar complications occurred after active or passive immunization against Aß in experimental animal models exhibiting CAA, and in subjects with Alzheimer's disease during clinical trials. The triggering of these adverse events by active immunization and monoclonal antibody administration in CAA-bearing individuals suggests that analogous mechanisms could be involved during spontaneous CAA complications, drawing particular attention to the role of anti-Aß antibodies. However, antibodies that react with several monomeric and aggregated forms of Aß spontaneously occur in virtually all human individuals, hence being part of the "natural antibody" repertoire. Natural antibodies are usually described as having low-affinity and high cross-reactivity toward microbial components and autoantigens. Although frequently of the IgM class, they also belong to IgG and IgA isotypes. They likely display homeostatic functions and protective roles in aging. Until recently, the peculiar properties of these natural antibodies have hindered proper analysis of the Aß-reactive antibody repertoire and the study of their implication in CAA complications. Herein, we review and comment the evidences of an auto-immune nature of spontaneous CAA complications, and discuss implications for forthcoming research and clinical practice.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral , Imunização Passiva , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/imunologia , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/imunologia , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/imunologia , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/patologia , Humanos
12.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 49(4): 526-536, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peach is a common elicitor of food allergic reactions. Peach-induced immediate reactions may occur as benign pollen-food syndromes, usually due to birch pollen-related PR-10 cross-reactivity in temperate climates, and as potentially severe primary food allergies, predominantly related to nsLTP Pru p 3 in Mediterranean regions. The newly described peach allergen Pru p 7 has gained recent attention as a potential peach allergy severity marker. Sensitization to Pru p 7 and its allergenic homologues of the gibberellin-regulated protein family occurs in areas with high Cupressaceae tree pollen exposure. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the distribution, clinical characteristics and molecular associations of Pru p 7 sensitization among subjects with suspected peach allergy in different regions of France. METHODS: Subjects with suspected peach allergy (n = 316) were included. Diagnostic work-up was performed according to current guidelines, including open food challenge when required. IgE antibody measurements and competition experiments were performed using the ImmunoCAP assay platform. RESULTS: Sensitization to Pru p 7 was present in 171 (54%) of all subjects in the study and in 123 of 198 (62%) diagnosed as peach allergic, more than half of whom were sensitized to no other peach allergen. Frequency and magnitude of Pru p 7 sensitization were associated with the presence of peach allergy, the clinical severity of peach-induced allergic reactions and the level of cypress pollen exposure. Cypress pollen extract completely outcompeted IgE binding to Pru p 7. Pru p 7 was extremely potent in basophil activation tests. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A subtype of Cupressaceae pollinosis, characterized by Pru p 7 sensitization, can be an underlying cause of severe peach allergy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Plantas/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Cupressus/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Pólen/imunologia , Prunus persica/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alérgenos/imunologia , Basófilos/imunologia , Basófilos/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunização , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
13.
Clin Lab ; 64(4): 615-618, 2018 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29739081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While different clinical manifestations of IgM and IgG monoclonal cryoglobulins have been demonstrated, little is known about the roles of IgG subclasses in the pathophysiology of these conditions. METHODS: In two cases of myeloma-associated monoclonal (type I) cryoglobulinemia with quite distinct clinical and biological features, serum samples were analyzed using an original IgG subclass-specific immunoblotting technique. RESULTS: The first case had painful arthritis of hands and feet, with skin purpura and a sharp decrease of complement C4 level, and the cryoglobulin was of IgG1 subclass. The second case displayed mostly thrombotic lesions of the limb extremities, C3 and C4 serum levels were normal, and the cryoglobulin belonged to the IgG2 subclass. CONCLUSIONS: Type I cryoglobulins of distinct IgG subclasses may result in different syndromes. In both cases, the treatment relies on eradication of the underlying plasma cell dyscrasia.


Assuntos
Crioglobulinas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Mieloma Múltiplo/sangue , Paraproteinemias/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Complemento C4/imunologia , Complemento C4/metabolismo , Crioglobulinas/imunologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Mieloma Múltiplo/imunologia , Paraproteinemias/diagnóstico , Paraproteinemias/imunologia , Púrpura/sangue , Púrpura/imunologia
14.
Ann Neurol ; 83(2): 387-405, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29369398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have underlined the effect of systemic inflammation on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neutrophils are key components of early innate immunity and contribute to uncontrolled systemic inflammation if not tightly regulated. The aim of our study was to fully characterize human circulating neutrophils at different disease stages in AD. METHODS: We analyzed neutrophil phenotypes and functions in 42 patients with AD (16 with mild cognitive impairment and 26 with dementia), and compared them to 22 age-matched healthy subjects. This study was performed directly in whole blood to avoid issues with data interpretation related to cell isolation procedures. RESULTS: Blood samples from AD patients with dementia revealed neutrophil hyperactivation associated with increased reactive oxygen species production and increased levels of intravascular neutrophil extravascular traps. The homeostasis of circulating neutrophils in these patients also changed: The ratio between the harmful hyperreactive CXCR4high /CD62Llow senescent and the CD16bright /CD62Ldim immunosuppressive neutrophil subsets rose in the later stage of the disease. These abnormalities were greater in fast-decliner than in slow-decliner patients. INTERPRETATION: Our results indicate that the inflammatory properties of circulating neutrophils shift as the percentage of aged neutrophils expands in patients with AD-changes that may play an instrumental role in establishing systemic chronic inflammation. Most important, our data strongly suggest that the neutrophil phenotype may be associated with the rate of cognitive decline and may thus constitute an innovative and prognostic blood biomarker in patients with AD. Ann Neurol 2018;83:387-405.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/imunologia , Ativação de Neutrófilo/imunologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/imunologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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