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J Vasc Access ; : 11297298211045505, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quantitative physical examination (PE) indicators, including palpable pulsatility length and outflow scores, can be used to quantify stenosis severity at hemodialysis vascular access sites. It is known that the risk of high-shear-related thrombosis is increased when the minimal luminal diameter (MLD) of stenosis decreases. At present, MLD is measured using sonography or angiography. This study sought to determine the relationship between quantitative PE indicators and MLD and report their diagnostic performance in detecting patients with stenosis at a high risk of thrombosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study using routinely collected data. We used the post-stenosis palpable pulsatility length (sPPL) and pulse-and-thrill based outflow score to assess the severity of AVF inflow and outflow stenosis, respectively. We recorded paired quantitative PE indicators and MLD before and after angioplasty in patients enrolled over a 4-month period. RESULTS: A total of 249 paired PE indicators and MLD measurements were obtained from 163 patients. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that an MLD cutoff value of <1.55 mm and an MLD of <1.95 mm discriminated sPPL = 0 and PESOS (physical examination significant outflow stenosis)/1- of the outflow score, respectively, from all other measurements, with the area under the curve values of 0.8922 and 0.9618, respectively. With sPPL = 0 and PESOS/1- of the outflow score as diagnostic tools to detect inflow stenosis with an MLD of ⩽1.5 mm and outflow stenosis with an MLD of ⩽1.9 mm at vascular access sites, sensitivity = 86.00% and 88.46%; specificity = 97.67% and 92.11%; positive predictive values of 97.73% and 92.00% and negative predictive values of 85.71% and 88.61%, respectively, were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary results showed that physical examination can potentially be a diagnostic tool in detecting patients with stenosis who are at a high risk of thrombosis at hemodialysis vascular access sites with high diagnostic accuracy.

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