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1.
Brachytherapy ; 2021 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883092

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Only scarce data are available on the possibility to reduce rectal dose by controlling rectum filling before HDR (high dose rate) IGABT (image-guided adaptive brachytherapy) in LACC (locally advanced cervical carcinoma) patients. We compared dosimetric outcomes before and after the evacuation of gasses using a rectum emptying tube. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Sixty CT (computed tomography) scans from 30 consecutive patients with cancer of the cervix undergoing HDR IGABT after EBRT were reviewed. Patients who underwent at least one gas evacuation were included in the analysis. The three-dimensional dosimetric data of the dosimetric plan performed before and after gas evacuation were compared. Primary endpoint was the difference between D2cc of the rectum before and after the procedure. Expected probability of grade 2-4 overall rectum morbidity was assessed using a probit model from the prospective multicenter EMBRACE study. RESULTS: Thirty five (58.3%) CT scans from 23 patients (76.7%) requiring gas evacuation were analysed. The mean rectum volume, before and after gas evacuation, was 123.1 cc (sd, ± 60.4) and 66.4 cc (sd, ± 34.8), respectively. For each patient, the volume of the rectum after gas evacuation was lower than before. No major complication occurred during and after the procedure. After gas evacuation, a significant reduction in rectal dose per fraction was observed, on average -4.3 Gy (-38.4%, p < 0.001) for D0.1cc and -1.9 Gy (-30.6%, p < 0.001) for D2cc. Estimated mean probability to develop a grade 2-4 rectum morbidity was significantly lower after gas evacuation, 6.9% (sd,± 1.94) versus 9.5% (sd,± 3.17), p < 0.001. CONCLUSION: Gas evacuation using a rectal emptying tube in selected LACC patients treated with HDR BT after chemoradiotherapy, allowed a substantial reduction in the dose to the rectum. Such procedure could be of particular interest when a dose escalation strategy is being considered.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806733

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study assessed outcomes following the nowadays standing treatment for primary vaginal cancer with radio(chemo)therapy and image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) in a multicenter patient cohort. METHODS: Patients treated with computer tomography (CT)-MRI-assisted-based IGABT were included. Retrospective data collection included patient, tumor and treatment characteristics. Late morbidity was assessed by using the CTCAE 3.0 scale. RESULTS: Five European centers included 148 consecutive patients, with a median age of 63 years. At a median follow-up of 29 months (IQR 25-57), two- and five-year local control were 86% and 83%; disease-free survival (DFS) was 73% and 66%, and overall survival (OS) was 79% and 68%, respectively. Crude incidences of ≥ grade-three urogenital, gastro-intestinal and vaginal morbidity was 8%, 3% and 8%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis was an independent prognostic factor for disease-free survival (DFS). Univariate analysis showed improved local control in patients with T2-T4 tumors if >80 Gy EQD2α/ß10 was delivered to the clinical target volume (CTV) at the time of brachytherapy. CONCLUSIONS: In this large retrospective multicenter study, IGABT for primary vaginal cancer resulted in a high local control with acceptable morbidity. These results compared favorably with two-dimensional (2D) radiograph-based brachytherapy and illustrate that IGABT plays an important role in the treatment of vaginal cancer.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33808535

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lip carcinoma represents one of the most common types of head and neck cancer. Brachytherapy is a highly effective therapeutic option for all stages of lip cancers. We report our experience of pulsed dose rate brachytherapy (PDR) as treatment of lip carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: this retrospective single center study included all consecutive patients treated for a lip PDR brachytherapy in our institution from 2010 to 2019. The toxicities and outcomes of the patients were reported, and a retrospective quality of life assessment was conducted by phone interviews (FACT H&N). RESULTS: From October 2010 to December 2019, 38 patients were treated in our institution for a lip carcinoma by PDR brachytherapy. The median age was 73, and the majority of patients presented T1-T2 tumors (79%). The median total dose was 70.14 Gy (range: 60-85 Gy). With a mean follow-up of 35.4 months, two patients (5.6%) presented local failure, and seven patients (19%) had lymph node progression. The Kaplan-Meier estimated probability of local failure was 7.2% (95% CI: 0.84-1) at two and four years. All patients encountered radiomucitis grade II or higher. The rate of late toxicities was low: three patients (8.3%) had grade II fibrosis, and one patient had grade II chronic pain. All patients would highly recommend the treatment. The median FACT H&N total score was 127 out of 148, and the median FACT H&N Trial Outcome Index was 84. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that an excellent local control rate is achieved with PDR brachytherapy as treatment of lip carcinoma, with very limited late side effects and satisfactory functional outcomes. A multimodal approach should help to improve regional control.

4.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Local recurrence in gynecological malignancies occurring in a previously irradiated field is a challenging clinical issue. The most frequent curative-intent treatment is salvage surgery. Reirradiation, using three-dimensional image-guided brachytherapy (3D-IGBT), might be a suitable alternative. We reviewed recent literature concerning 3D-IGBT for reirradiation in the context of local recurrences from gynecological malignancies. METHODS: We conducted a large-scale literature research, and 15 original studies, responding to our research criteria, were finally selected. RESULTS: Local control rates ranged from 44% to 71.4% at 2-5 years, and overall survival rates ranged from 39.5% to 78% at 2-5 years. Grade ≥3 toxicities ranged from 1.7% to 50%, with only one study reporting a grade 5 event. Results in terms of outcome and toxicities were highly variable depending on studies. Several studies suggested that local control could be improved with 2 Gy equivalent doses >40 Gy. CONCLUSION: IGBT appears to be a feasible alternative to salvage surgery in inoperable patients or patients refusing surgery, with an acceptable outcome for patients who have no other curative therapeutic options, however at a high cost of long-term grade ≥3 toxicities in some studies. We recommend that patients with local recurrence from gynecologic neoplasm occurring in previously irradiated fields should be referred to highly experienced expert centers. Centralization of data and large-scale multicentric international prospective trials are warranted. Efforts should be made to improve local control while limiting the risk of toxicities.

5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most frequent borderline ovarian tumors are serous and mucinous subtypes. Less frequent borderline diseases are endometrioid, clear-cell, and Brenner tumors (BBOT). Very little is known about the latter subtype, and most studies include very short series or case reports. The aim of this study is to determine the prognosis of a continuous series of BBOT and analyze data published in the literature on this rare entity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with BBOT treated or referred to our institutions was conducted. A centralized histological review by a reference pathologist and data on the clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients were required for inclusion. RESULTS: Overall, 17 patients were identified. Median age was 62 (range 42-85) years. Six patients underwent unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and 11 bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy +/- hysterectomy and/or staging surgery. In total, 16 patients had unilateral tumor, and all patients had stage I disease. Stromal microinvasion was observed in three cases. Median follow-up was 60 months (range 7-118 months). One patient developed a recurrence in contralateral ovary after unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. One patient had previous history of urothelial tumor. CONCLUSIONS: Peritoneal staging surgery is not required because all patients reported had stage I disease. One recurrence occurred. When reviewing all the 82 cases reported in the literature (including ours), 9% had previous history or synchronous urothelial tumor, suggesting the need to carefully check for urological disease in patients with BBOT.

6.
Radiother Oncol ; 154: 327-353, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712263

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide. ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of endometrial carcinoma (27 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence-based, the literature published since 2014, identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 191 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery and patient representatives. The guidelines comprehensively cover endometrial carcinoma staging, definition of prognostic risk groups integrating molecular markers, pre- and intra-operative work-up, fertility preservation, management for early, advanced, metastatic, and recurrent disease and palliative treatment. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are also defined.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Guias como Assunto , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Consenso , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Virchows Arch ; 478(2): 153-190, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604759

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multidisciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide. ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of endometrial carcinoma (27 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence-based, the literature published since 2014, identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 191 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery and patient representatives. The guidelines comprehensively cover endometrial carcinoma staging, definition of prognostic risk groups integrating molecular markers, pre- and intra-operative work-up, fertility preservation, management for early, advanced, metastatic, and recurrent disease and palliative treatment. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are also defined.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Oncologia/normas , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biópsia/normas , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/normas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/normas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609591

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with cancer are presumed to be more vulnerable to COVID-19. We evaluated a screening strategy combining chest computed tomography (CT) and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for patients treated with radiation therapy at our cancer center located in a COVID-19 French hotspot during the first wave of the pandemic. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Chest CT images were proposed during radiation therapy CT simulation. Images were reviewed by an expert radiologist according to the COVID-19 Reporting and Data System classification. Nasal swabs with RT-PCR assay were initially proposed in cases of suspicious imaging or clinical context and were eventually integrated into the systematic screening. A dedicated radiation therapy workflow was proposed for COVID-19 patients to limit the risk of contamination. RESULTS: From March 18, 2020 to May 1, 2020, 480 patients were screened by chest CT, and 313 patients had both chest CT and RT-PCR (65%). The cumulative incidence of COVID-19 was 5.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.6-7.8; 26 of 480 patients). Diagnosis of COVID-19 was made before radiation therapy for 22 patients (84.6%) and during RT for 4 patients (15.3%). Chest CT directly aided the diagnosis of 7 cases in which the initial RT-PCR was negative or not feasible, out of a total of 480 patients (1.5%) and 517 chest CT acquisitions. Four patients with COVID-19 at the time of the chest CT screening had a false negative CT. Sensitivity and specificity of chest CT screening in patients with both RT-PCR and chest CT testing were estimated at 0.82 (95% CI, 0.60-0.95) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99), respectively. Adaptation of the radiation therapy treatment was made for all patients, with 7 postponed treatments (median: 5 days; interquartile range, 1.5-14.8). CONCLUSIONS: The benefit of systematic use of chest CT screening during CT simulation for patients undergoing radiation therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic seemed limited.

9.
Radiother Oncol ; 158: 48-54, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer care can be taxing. Alexithymia, a personality construct characterized by difficulties in identifying and describing feeling and emotions, an externally-oriented thinking style and scarcity of imagination and fantasy, is significantly correlated with higher levels of both secondary traumatic stress (STS) and burnout and lower levels of compassion satisfaction in medical professionals in radiation oncology. In this study, we aimed to assess the difference in professional quality of life (QoL) and the association with alexithymia in this multidisciplinary field depending on the specific profession (radiation/clinical oncologist, RO; medical physicist, MP; radiation therapist, RTT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted via an online questionnaire, receiving 1500 submissions between May and October 2018. Alexithymia was assessed via the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and professional QoL was evaluated using the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQoL) version 5. Comparisons between the RO, RTT, and MP groups were performed by ANOVA or MANOVA, followed by Bonferroni corrected ANOVAs for continuous variables, and Pearson's chi-square test for categorical variables. The effect size was determined by calculating partial eta-squared (η2). RESULTS: Profession had a moderator role on the correlation between alexithymia and STS, with RO being at a higher risk than MP and RTT. Further, the results of this study demonstrate the relevant point prevalence of decreased well-being at work even for professional categories such as MP despite the more technical profile and reduced interaction with patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the importance of alexithymia as a factor contributing to decreased professional QoL amongst radiation oncology professionals. Alexithymic ROs are impacted to a higher extent compared to MPs and RTTs by the indirect exposure to patients suffering. It is worth addressing these observations in professional education, aiming to improve QoL for healthcare personnel.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 135, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of factors responsible for false negative (FN) rate at 18F- Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Positron Emission Tomography /Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in para-aortic (PA) lymph nodes in the presurgical staging of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) is challenging. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of PET/CT technology. METHODS: A total of 240 consecutive patients with LACC (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FIGO, stage IB2-IVA) and negative Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and/or Computed Tomography (CT) and negative 18F-FDG PET/CT in the PA region, undergoing laparoscopic PA lymphadenectomy before chemoradiotherapy were included. The FN rate in patients studied with Time of flight (TOF) PET/CT (TOF PET) or non-Time of flight PET/CT (no-TOF PET) technology was retrospectively compared. RESULTS: Patients presented with FIGO stage IB (n = 78), stage IIA-B (n = 134), stage III (n = 18) and stage IVa (n = 10), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 191) and adenocarcinoma (n = 49). 141/240 patients were evaluated with no-TOF PET/CT and 99/240 with TOF PET/CT. Twenty-two patients (9%) had PA nodal involvement at histological analysis and considered PET/CT FN findings. The FN rate was 8.5% for no-TOF PET and 10% for TOF PET subgroup respectively (p = 0.98). Ninety patients (38%) presented with pelvic node uptakes at PET/CT. The FN rate in the PA region was 18% (16/90) and 4% (6/150) in patients with and without pelvic node involvement at PET/CT respectively (19 vs 3% for no-TOF PET and 17 vs 5% for TOF PET subgroup). CONCLUSIONS: In LACC, FN rate in PA lymph nodes detection is a clinical issue even for modern PET/CT, especially in patients with pelvic uptake. Surgical lymphadenectomy should be performed in case of negative PET/CT at PA level in these patients, while it could be discussed in the absence of pelvic uptake.

11.
Bull Cancer ; 108(2): 163-176, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455736

RESUMO

Sarcomas are a rare heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms that can arise in almost any anatomic site and any age. Close collaboration among adult and pediatric cancer specialists in the management of these tumors is of foremost importance. In this review, we present the current multidisciplinary organization in care of patients with sarcoma in France and we review the main advances made in the last decades in systemic and radiotherapy treatment in the main sarcoma types diagnosed in children, adolescents and young adults (AYA), thanks to the international collaboration.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Institutos de Câncer , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Sarcoma/terapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Institutos de Câncer/organização & administração , Institutos de Câncer/provisão & distribução , Criança , Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração , Redes Comunitárias/provisão & distribução , Europa (Continente) , França , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Oncologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/terapia , Osteossarcoma/terapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Rabdomiossarcoma/terapia , Sarcoma Alveolar de Partes Moles/terapia , Sarcoma de Ewing/terapia , Sociedades Médicas , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 31(1): 12-39, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397713

RESUMO

A European consensus conference on endometrial carcinoma was held in 2014 to produce multi-disciplinary evidence-based guidelines on selected questions. Given the large body of literature on the management of endometrial carcinoma published since 2014, the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European SocieTy for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly decided to update these evidence-based guidelines and to cover new topics in order to improve the quality of care for women with endometrial carcinoma across Europe and worldwide.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this EANM / SNMMI Practice Guideline with ESTRO endorsement is to provide general information and specific considerations about [18F]FDG PET/CT in advanced uterine cervical cancer for external beam radiotherapy planning with emphasis on staging and target definition, mostly in FIGO stages IB3-IVA and IVB, treated with curative intention. METHODS: Guidelines from related fields, relevant literature and leading experts have been consulted during the development of this guideline. As this field is rapidly evolving, this guideline cannot be seen as definitive, nor is it a summary of all existing protocols. Local variations should be taken into consideration when applying this guideline. CONCLUSION: The background, common clinical indications, qualifications and responsibilities of personnel, procedure / specifications of the examination, documentation / reporting and equipment specifications, quality control and radiation safety in imaging is discussed with an emphasis on the multidisciplinary approach.

15.
Cells ; 10(1)2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374374

RESUMO

Radiation cystitis is a potential complication following the therapeutic irradiation of pelvic cancers. Its clinical management remains unclear, and few preclinical data are available on its underlying pathophysiology. The therapeutic strategy is difficult to establish because few prospective and randomized trials are available. In this review, we report on the clinical presentation and pathophysiology of radiation cystitis. Then we discuss potential therapeutic approaches, with a focus on the immunopathological processes underlying the onset of radiation cystitis, including the fibrotic process. Potential therapeutic avenues for therapeutic modulation will be highlighted, with a focus on the interaction between mesenchymal stromal cells and macrophages for the prevention and treatment of radiation cystitis.

16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of a large series of patients treated conservatively for stage II or III serous borderline tumors of the ovary (SBOTs) with a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Patients with SBOTs and peritoneal implants, treated in or referred to our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Outcomes of patients treated conservatively (preservation of the uterus and at least a part of one ovary) to promote subsequent fertility were specifically analyzed. RESULTS: Between 1971 and 2017, 212 patients were identified and followed-up. Among these patients, 65 underwent conservative treatment; eight patients had invasive implants. Among patients treated conservatively, 38 (58%) patients recurred. Twenty-eight recurrences were observed under the form of borderline tumor on the spared ovary and/or noninvasive implants, but eight patients had a recurrence under the form of invasive disease. Compared with radical surgery, the use of conservative treatment (p < 0.0001) was a prognostic factor on disease-free survival (DFS), but without an impact on overall survival (OS). Nevertheless, three deaths occurred. Twenty-four pregnancies (13 spontaneous) were observed in 20 patients (29 patients wanted to become pregnant). CONCLUSION: In this series collecting the largest number of patients undergoing conservative surgery for stage II/III SBOTs, spontaneous pregnancies can be achieved after conservative treatment of advanced-stage disease, but the recurrence rate is high and three deaths were observed. These patients were spared their fertility but with a high rate of recurrence. Uncertainties regarding the safety of conservative treatment should be exposed to these patients.

17.
Radiother Oncol ; 155: 151-159, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the metastatic or recurrent cervical cancer, systemic chemotherapy constitutes the main treatment. Though there is an increasing use of high dose external radiation and brachytherapy in the metastatic setting, no consensus exists. METHODS: A 17-item survey was designed with additional case-based questions to explore present management of oligo-metastatic and oligo-recurrent cervix cancer within EMBRACE research group participating sites. The questions were designed to elicit prevailing practices in the management of de-novo oligo-metastasis and oligo-recurrent setting after completing the primary treatment of cervix cancer. The survey was sent electronically with two rounds of email reminders to respond over a 2-week survey period. The online survey was designed such that it was mandatory to complete all questions. The responses were recorded and results were summarized as proportions and summary statistics were generated. RESULTS: Twenty-two centers responded to this survey. A majority (90%) of respondents reported a low incidence of de-novo oligo-metastatic cervical cancer in their practice (<5%), with a higher proportion of patients with oligo-recurrence after completing primary treatment (5-10%). All responding sites preferred to treat pelvic disease in the de-novo oligo-metastatic setting albeit with different fractionation regimens. While 68.2% of respondents recommended chemo-radiation and brachytherapy, 31.8% considered additional systemic therapy. Overall 77.3% centers recommended the use of stereotactic ablative radiation therapy to oligo-metastasis. For out-of-field nodal recurrences, 63.7% of respondents considered treating with curative intent, while 59% preferred treating in-field recurrence with palliative intent. A vast majority of the participating centers (90%) have stereotactic radiation therapy capacity and would consider a clinical trial addressing oligo-metastatic and oligo-recurrent cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: Although contemporary practice is variable, a substantial proportion of EMBRACE centers consider high dose radiation in de-novo metastatic and oligo-recurrence settings. However, there is clear need for a joint clinical protocol and prospective studies to address the role of high dose radiation within oligo-recurrent and oligo-metastatic scenarios.

18.
Int J Gynecol Cancer ; 30(12): 2002-2007, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaginal brachytherapy is currently recommended as adjuvant treatment in patients with high-intermediate risk endometrial cancer to maximize local control and has only mild side effects and no or limited impact on quality of life. However, there is still considerable overtreatment and also some undertreatment, which may be reduced by tailoring adjuvant treatment to the patients' risk of recurrence based on molecular tumor characteristics. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To compare the rates of vaginal recurrence in women with high-intermediate risk endometrial cancer, treated after surgery with molecular-integrated risk profile-based recommendations for either observation, vaginal brachytherapy or external pelvic beam radiotherapy or with standard adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy STUDY HYPOTHESIS: Adjuvant treatment based on a molecular-integrated risk profile provides similar local control and recurrence-free survival as current standard adjuvant brachytherapy in patients with high-intermediate risk endometrial cancer, while sparing many patients the morbidity of adjuvant treatment and reducing healthcare costs. TRIAL DESIGN: A multicenter, international phase III randomized trial (2:1) of molecular-integrated risk profile-based adjuvant treatment (experimental arm) or adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy (standard arm). MAJOR INCLUSION/EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Women aged 18 years and over with a histological diagnosis of high-intermediate risk endometrioid endometrial cancer after total abdominal or laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. High-intermediate risk factors are defined as: (i) International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA (with invasion) and grade 3; (ii) stage IB grade 1 or 2 with age ≥60 and/or lymph-vascular space invasion; (iii) stage IB, grade 3 without lymph-vascular space invasion; or (iv) stage II (microscopic and grade 1). ENDPOINTS: The primary endpoint is vaginal recurrence. Secondary endpoints are recurrence-free and overall survival; pelvic and distant recurrence; 5-year vaginal control (including treatment for relapse); adverse events and patient-reported symptoms and quality of life; and endometrial cancer-related healthcare costs. SAMPLE SIZE: 500 eligible and evaluable patients. ESTIMATED DATES FOR COMPLETING ACCRUAL AND PRESENTING RESULTS: Estimated date for completing accrual will be late 2021. Estimated date for presentation of (first) results is expected in 2023. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03469674) and ISRCTN (11659025).

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068689

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate patient- and treatment-related risk factors associated with incidence and persistence of late diarrhea after radiochemotherapy and image guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) in locally advanced cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1416 patients from the EMBRACE I study, 1199 were prospectively evaluated using physician-reported (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3 [CTCAEv3]) assessment for diarrhea; median follow-up 48 months. Patient-reported outcome (EORTC) was available in 900 patients. Incidence of CTCAE G≥2, G≥3, and EORTC "very much" diarrhea was analyzed with Cox proportional hazards regression. Binary logistic regression was used for analysis of persistent G≥1 and EORTC "quite a bit" - "very much" (≥"quite a bit") diarrhea, defined if present in at least half of all follow-ups. RESULTS: Crude incidences of G≥2 and G≥3 diarrhea were 8.3% and 1.5%, respectively, and 8% of patients reported "very much" diarrhea. Persistent G≥1 and ≥"quite a bit" diarrhea was present in 16% and 7%, respectively. Patient-related risk factors were baseline diarrhea, smoking, and diabetes with hazard ratios of 1.4 to 7.3. Treatment-related risk factors included prescribed dose, V43 Gy, V57 Gy (lymph node boost), and para-aortic irradiation for external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). G≥2 diarrhea at 3 years increased from 9.5% to 19.9% with prescribed dose 45 Gy versus 50 Gy, 8.7% to 14.0% with V43 Gy <2500 cm3 versus >3000 cm3 and 9.4% to 19.0% with V57 Gy <165 cm3 versus ≥165 cm3. Brachytherapy-related bowel and rectum D2cm3 were also associated with diarrhea. CONCLUSION: Dose and volume effects have been established for late diarrhea after radiochemotherapy and IGABT in both CTCAE and EORTC reporting. The risk of diarrhea was lower with a pelvic EBRT prescription of 45 Gy, and higher with larger lymph node boosts volumes (ie, ≥165 cm3). The importance of EBRT volumes as determinants of late toxicity underline the need for continuous quality assurance of target contouring, dose planning, and conformity. The findings of brachytherapy dosimetric factors related to the intestines may become more important with highly conformal EBRT.

20.
Bull Cancer ; 107(10): 1006-1018, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958220

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer is a common cancer in older women and is often associated with comorbidities. Management of metastatic disease and/or relapse requires a multidisciplinary approach. Recent advances in the understanding of oncogenesis and molecular classification of endometrial cancers offer new therapeutic perspectives. These first recommendations, established following the methodology of Nice-Saint-Paul recommendations for clinical practice (RPC), aims to integrate molecular advances in diagnostic and therapeutic management. In 2020, the histological diagnosis of endometrial cancer is based on morphology and immunohistochemistry, including at least p53, oestrogen and progesterone receptors. Deficiency in the DNA mismatch repair system (MMR) must be assessed in all advanced endometrial tumors for oncogenetic and theranostic purposes. It can be sought initially by an analysis in immunohistochemistry with the 4 markers (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2). Medical treatment depends on histological type, presence of hormone receptors and patient's profile to refer to chemotherapy (carboplatin-paclitaxel) or hormone therapy (for example of the progestogen type); in the event of MMR-deficiency, immunotherapy trial is the best option. As part of overall management of advanced endometrial cancer, radiotherapy (and surgery in rare cases) must be discussed, in particular in the event of loco-regional only relapse or oligometastatic disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Árvores de Decisões , Neoplasias do Endométrio/secundário , Feminino , Humanos
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