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1.
Heart ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although a life-preserving surgery for children with single ventricle physiology, the Fontan palliation is associated with striking morbidity and mortality with advancing age. Our primary objective was to evaluate the impact of non-invasive, external, thoraco-abdominal ventilation on pulmonary blood flow (PBF) and cardiac output (CO) as measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in adult Fontan subjects. METHODS: Adults with a dominant left ventricle post-Fontan palliation (lateral tunnel or extracardiac connections) and healthy controls matched by sex and age were studied. We evaluated vascular flows using phase-contrast CMR imaging during unassisted breathing, negative pressure ventilation (NPV) and biphasic ventilation (BPV). Measurements were made within target vessels (aorta, pulmonary arteries, vena cavae and Fontan circuit) at baseline and during each ventilation mode. RESULTS: Ten Fontan subjects (50% male, 24.5 years (IQR 20.8-34.0)) and 10 matched controls were studied. Changes in PBF and CO, respectively, were greater following BPV as compared with NPV. In subjects during NPV, PBF increased by 8% (Δ0.20 L/min/m2 (0.10-0.53), p=0.011) while CO did not change significantly (Δ0.17 L/min/m2 (-0.11-0.23), p=0.432); during BPV, PBF increased by 25% (Δ0.61 L/min/m2 (0.20-0.84), p=0.002) and CO increased by 16% (Δ0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71), p=0.010). Following BPV, change in PBF and CO were both significantly higher in subjects versus controls (0.61 L/min/m2 (0.2-0.84) vs -0.27 L/min/m2 (-0.55-0.13), p=0.001; and 0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71) vs 0.07 L/min/m2 (-0.47-0.33), p=0.034, respectively). CONCLUSION: External ventilation acutely augments PBF and CO in adult Fontan subjects. Confirmation of these findings in larger populations with longer duration of ventilation and extended follow-up will be required to determine sustainability of haemodynamic effects.

2.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 58(3): 299-306, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mapping and ablation of atrial tachycardia (AT) is commonly performed in lateral tunnel Fontan (LTF) patients, yet there is little information on the need of baffle puncture to access the pulmonary venous atrium (PVA). This study aimed to evaluate the most common chamber location of critical sites for majority of AT in LTF patients. METHODS: Consecutive LTF patients underwent catheter-based high-density mapping and ablation of AT from Nov. 2015 to Mar. 2019. Critical sites were identified by a combination of activation and entrainment mapping. Acute procedural success was defined as AT termination with ablation and non-inducibility of any AT. Predictors for ablation failure were evaluated in retrospect. RESULTS: Fifteen catheter ablation procedures were performed in 9 patients. A total of 15 clinical ATs (mean TCL 369 ± 91 ms) were mapped. The mechanism was macro re-entry in 11 (73%) and micro re-entry in 2. In 11 ATs (73%), 94 ± 5% of tachycardia cycle length (TCL) were mapped inside the tunnel. The commonest site of successful ablation in the tunnel was on the lateral wall (60%). Trans-baffle access was obtained during 5 of 15 procedures (33%). Overall, procedural success was achieved in 9 of 15 procedures (60%). There were no complications. Recurrence of AT was 42% over a follow-up period of 4.3 ± 3.2 years. Faster TCL of 200-300 ms showed a trend towards ablation failure, (OR 17, 95% CI 0.7 to 423, p = 0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Catheter ablation can be performed effectively for ATs in LTF patients usually from inside the tunnel. ATs with critical sites in the PVA are uncommon. This information will help plan ablation in LTF patients without resorting to initial trans-baffle access.

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