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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Blood transcriptomic IFN signature is a hallmark of SLE. The impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL) observed in SLE is poorly related to disease activity. The aim of this study was to test how IFN signatures were associated with HRQOL in SLE patients. METHODS: Among consecutive patients, blood transcriptomic profiles were analysed with a modular framework comprising 3 IFN modules: M1.2, M3.4 and M5.12. Disease activity was evaluated by the SLEDAI score, and HRQOL was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire, which includes eight domains: physical function, role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role emotional, and mental health (MH) and physical component summary and mental component summary scores. RESULTS: A total of 57 SLE patients were evaluated, among whom 27 (47%) were clinically quiescent, 30 (53%) were flaring, and 19 (33%) had active lupus nephritis. All SF-36 domains were altered in SLE patients compared with the general French population (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, taking into account flares, age, ethnicity, smoking and renal severity, social functioning was independently associated with the IFN score (P = 0.027). Analyses restrained to quiescent patients (n = 27) yielded greater associations between social functioning and the three IFN modules, and between MH and M3.4. Considering all quiescent visits (n = 51), the IFN score was independently correlated with social functioning (P = 0.022) and MH (P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: This unexpected paradoxical association between IFN signature and some specific HRQOL domains argues against a pivotal role of IFNs in the persistently altered HRQOL of SLE patients.

2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2410, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681299

RESUMO

A potential role for the long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase family member 1 (ACSL1) in the immunobiology of sepsis was explored during a hands-on training workshop. Participants first assessed the robustness of the potential gap in biomedical knowledge identified via an initial screen of public transcriptome data and of the literature associated with ACSL1. Increase in ACSL1 transcript abundance during sepsis was confirmed in several independent datasets. Querying the ACSL1 literature also confirmed the absence of reports associating ACSL1 with sepsis. Inferences drawn from both the literature (via indirect associations) and public transcriptome data (via correlation) point to the likely participation of ACSL1 and ACSL4, another family member, in inflammasome activation in neutrophils during sepsis. Furthermore, available clinical data indicate that levels of ACSL1 and ACSL4 induction was significantly higher in fatal cases of sepsis. This denotes potential translational relevance and is consistent with involvement in pathways driving potentially deleterious systemic inflammation. Finally, while ACSL1 expression was induced in blood in vitro by a wide range of pathogen-derived factors as well as TNF, induction of ACSL4 appeared restricted to flagellated bacteria and pathogen-derived TLR5 agonists and IFNG. Taken together, this joint review of public literature and omics data records points to two members of the acyl-CoA synthetase family potentially playing a role in inflammasome activation in neutrophils. Translational relevance of these observations in the context of sepsis and other inflammatory conditions remain to be investigated.

3.
F1000Res ; 8: 188, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559014

RESUMO

Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders, frequently caused by loss-of-function and less commonly by gain-of-function mutations, which can result in susceptibility to a broad or a very narrow range of infections but also in inflammatory, allergic or malignant diseases. Owing to the wide range in clinical manifestations and variability in penetrance and expressivity, there is an urgent need to better understand the underlying molecular, cellular and immunological phenotypes in PID patients in order to improve clinical diagnosis and management. Here we have compiled a manually curated collection of public transcriptome datasets mainly obtained from human whole blood, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or fibroblasts of patients with PIDs and of control subjects for subsequent meta-analysis, query and interpretation. A total of nineteen (19) datasets derived from studies of PID patients were identified and retrieved from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and loaded in GXB, a custom web application designed for interactive query and visualization of integrated large-scale data. The dataset collection includes samples from well characterized PID patients that were stimulated ex vivo under a variety of conditions to assess the molecular consequences of the underlying, naturally occurring gene defects on a genome-wide scale. Multiple sample groupings and rank lists were generated to facilitate comparisons of the transcriptional responses between different PID patients and control subjects. The GXB tool enables browsing of a single transcript across studies, thereby providing new perspectives on the role of a given molecule across biological systems and PID patients. This dataset collection is available at http://pid.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list.

4.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221016, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415630

RESUMO

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are a recently identified, web-like, extracellular structure composed of decondensed nuclear DNA and associated antimicrobial granules. NETs are extruded into the extracellular environment via the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent cell death pathway participating in inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Transketolase (TKT) is a thiamine pyrophosphate (vitamin B1)-dependent enzyme that links the pentose phosphate pathway with the glycolytic pathway by feeding excess sugar phosphates into the main carbohydrate metabolic pathways to generate biosynthetic reducing capacity in the form of NADPH as a substrate for ROS generation. In this work, TKT was selected as a lead candidate from 24 NET-associated proteins obtained by literature screening and knowledge gap assessment. Consequently, we determined whether TKT influenced NET formation in vitro. We firstly established that the release of ROS-dependent NETs was significantly decreased after purified human PMNs were pretreated with oxythiamine, a TKT inhibitor, and in a concentration dependent manner. As a cofactor for TKT reaction, we evaluated the release of NET formation either in vitamin B1 treatment or in combined use of oxythiamine and vitamin B1, and found that those treatments also exerted a significant suppressive effect on the amount of NET-DNA and ROS production. The regulation of TKT by oxythiamine and/or vitamin B1 may therefore be associated with response to the modulation of NET formation by preventing generation of excessive NETs in inflammatory diseases.

5.
Database (Oxford) ; 20192019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290545

RESUMO

Prevalence of allergies has reached ~20% of population in developed countries and sensitization rate to one or more allergens among school age children are approaching 50%. However, the combination of the complexity of atopic allergy susceptibility/development and environmental factors has made identification of gene biomarkers challenging. The amount of publicly accessible transcriptomic data presents an unprecedented opportunity for mechanistic discoveries and validation of complex disease signatures across studies. However, this necessitates structured methodologies and visual tools for the interpretation of results. Here, we present a curated collection of transcriptomic datasets relevant to immunoglobin E-mediated atopic diseases (ranging from allergies to primary immunodeficiencies). Thirty-three datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus, encompassing 1860 transcriptome profiles, were made available on the Gene Expression Browser (GXB), an online and open-source web application that allows for the query, visualization and annotation of metadata. The thematic compositions, disease categories, sample number and platforms of the collection are described. Ranked gene lists and sample grouping are used to facilitate data visualization/interpretation and are available online via GXB (http://ige.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list). Dataset validation using associated publications showed good concordance in GXB gene expression trend and fold-change.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hipersensibilidade , Imunoglobulina E , Software , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/classificação , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/genética , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Masculino
6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2887, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253760

RESUMO

Understanding how immune challenges elicit different responses is critical for diagnosing and deciphering immune regulation. Using a modular strategy to interpret the complex transcriptional host response in mouse models of infection and inflammation, we show a breadth of immune responses in the lung. Lung immune signatures are dominated by either IFN-γ and IFN-inducible, IL-17-induced neutrophil- or allergy-associated gene expression. Type I IFN and IFN-γ-inducible, but not IL-17- or allergy-associated signatures, are preserved in the blood. While IL-17-associated genes identified in lung are detected in blood, the allergy signature is only detectable in blood CD4+ effector cells. Type I IFN-inducible genes are abrogated in the absence of IFN-γ signaling and decrease in the absence of IFNAR signaling, both independently contributing to the regulation of granulocyte responses and pathology during Toxoplasma gondii infection. Our framework provides an ideal tool for comparative analyses of transcriptional signatures contributing to protection or pathogenesis in disease.


Assuntos
Candidíase/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Melioidose/metabolismo , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/metabolismo , Animais , Burkholderia pseudomallei , Candida albicans , Candidíase/imunologia , Candidíase/microbiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/genética , Pulmão , Melioidose/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/genética , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta , Receptores de Interferon , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/imunologia
7.
F1000Res ; 8: 284, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231515

RESUMO

The human immune defense mechanisms and factors associated with good versus poor health outcomes following viral respiratory tract infections (VRTI), as well as correlates of protection following vaccination against respiratory viruses, remain incompletely understood. To shed further light into these mechanisms, a number of systems-scale studies have been conducted to measure transcriptional changes in blood leukocytes of either naturally or experimentally infected individuals, or in individual's post-vaccination. Here we are making available a public repository, for research investigators for interpretation, a collection of transcriptome datasets obtained from human whole blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to investigate the transcriptional responses following viral respiratory tract infection or vaccination against respiratory viruses. In total, Thirty one31 datasets, associated to viral respiratory tract infections and their related vaccination studies, were identified and retrieved from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and loaded in a custom web application designed for interactive query and visualization of integrated large-scale data. Quality control checks, using relevant biological markers, were performed. Multiple sample groupings and rank lists were created to facilitate dataset query and interpretation. Via this interface, users can generate web links to customized graphical views, which may be subsequently inserted into manuscripts to report novel findings. The GXB tool enables browsing of a single gene across projects, providing new perspectives on the role of a given molecule across biological systems in the diagnostic and prognostic following VRTI but also in identifying new correlates of protection. This dataset collection is available at: http://vri1.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list.

8.
Nat Immunol ; 20(3): 373, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728492

RESUMO

In the version of this article initially published, a source of funding was not included in the Acknowledgements section. That section should include the following: P.J.M.O. was supported by EU FP7 PREPARE project 602525. The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF version of the article.

9.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023417, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782707

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth (PTB) results from heterogeneous influences and is a major contributor to neonatal mortality and morbidity that continues to have adverse effects on infants beyond the neonatal period. This protocol describes the procedures to determine molecular signatures predictive of PTB through high-frequency sampling during pregnancy, at delivery and the postpartum period. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Four hundred first trimester pregnant women from either Myanmar or Thailand of either Karen or Burman ethnicity, with a viable, singleton pregnancy will be enrolled in this non-interventional, prospective pregnancy birth cohort study and will be followed through to the postpartum period. Fortnightly finger prick capillary blood sampling will allow the monitoring of genome-wide transcript abundance in whole blood. Collection of stool samples and vaginal swabs each trimester, at delivery and postpartum will allow monitoring of intestinal and vaginal microbial composition. In a nested case-control analysis, perturbations of transcript abundance in capillary blood as well as longitudinal changes of the gut, vaginal and oral microbiome will be compared between mothers giving birth to preterm and matched cases giving birth to term neonates. Placenta tissue of preterm and term neonates will be used to determine bacterial colonisation as well as for the establishment of coding and non-coding RNA profiles. In addition, RNA profiles of circulating, non-coding RNA in cord blood serum will be compared with those of maternal peripheral blood serum at time of delivery. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This research protocol that aims to detect perturbations in molecular trajectories preceding adverse pregnancy outcomes was approved by the ethics committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand (Ethics Reference: TMEC 15-062), the Oxford Tropical Research Ethics Committee (Ethics Reference: OxTREC: 33-15) and the local Tak Province Community Ethics Advisory Board. The results of this cooperative project will be disseminated in multiple publications staggered over time in international peer-reviewed scientific journals. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02797327; Pre-results.

10.
J Exp Med ; 215(10): 2567-2585, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143481

RESUMO

Life-threatening pulmonary influenza can be caused by inborn errors of type I and III IFN immunity. We report a 5-yr-old child with severe pulmonary influenza at 2 yr. She is homozygous for a loss-of-function IRF9 allele. Her cells activate gamma-activated factor (GAF) STAT1 homodimers but not IFN-stimulated gene factor 3 (ISGF3) trimers (STAT1/STAT2/IRF9) in response to IFN-α2b. The transcriptome induced by IFN-α2b in the patient's cells is much narrower than that of control cells; however, induction of a subset of IFN-stimulated gene transcripts remains detectable. In vitro, the patient's cells do not control three respiratory viruses, influenza A virus (IAV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). These phenotypes are rescued by wild-type IRF9, whereas silencing IRF9 expression in control cells increases viral replication. However, the child has controlled various common viruses in vivo, including respiratory viruses other than IAV. Our findings show that human IRF9- and ISGF3-dependent type I and III IFN responsive pathways are essential for controlling IAV.


Assuntos
Alelos , Homozigoto , Influenza Humana , Fator Gênico 3 Estimulado por Interferon, Subunidade gama/deficiência , Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/genética , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Influenza Humana/patologia , Interferon alfa-2/genética , Interferon alfa-2/imunologia , Fator Gênico 3 Estimulado por Interferon, Subunidade gama/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia
11.
Sci Immunol ; 3(24)2018 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29907691

RESUMO

Heterozygosity for human signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) dominant-negative (DN) mutations underlies an autosomal dominant form of hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES). We describe patients with an autosomal recessive form of HIES due to loss-of-function mutations of a previously uncharacterized gene, ZNF341 ZNF341 is a transcription factor that resides in the nucleus, where it binds a specific DNA motif present in various genes, including the STAT3 promoter. The patients' cells have low basal levels of STAT3 mRNA and protein. The autoinduction of STAT3 production, activation, and function by STAT3-activating cytokines is strongly impaired. Like patients with STAT3 DN mutations, ZNF341-deficient patients lack T helper 17 (TH17) cells, have an excess of TH2 cells, and have low memory B cells due to the tight dependence of STAT3 activity on ZNF341 in lymphocytes. Their milder extra-hematopoietic manifestations and stronger inflammatory responses reflect the lower ZNF341 dependence of STAT3 activity in other cell types. Human ZNF341 is essential for the STAT3 transcription-dependent autoinduction and sustained activity of STAT3.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Síndrome de Job/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Transcrição Genética/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Consanguinidade , Citocinas/imunologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Genes Recessivos/genética , Genes Recessivos/imunologia , Homozigoto , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Síndrome de Job/sangue , Síndrome de Job/imunologia , Mutação com Perda de Função , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Células Th17/imunologia , Células Th17/metabolismo , Células Th2/imunologia , Células Th2/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem , Dedos de Zinco/genética
12.
PLoS One ; 13(5): e0197858, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29813106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early identification of children with Kawasaki Disease (KD) is key for timely initiation of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. However, the diagnosis of the disease remains challenging, especially in children with an incomplete presentation (inKD). Moreover, we currently lack objective tools for identification of non-response (NR) to IVIG. METHODS: Children with KD were enrolled and samples obtained before IVIG treatment and sequentially at 24 h and 4-6 weeks post-IVIG in a subset of patients. We also enrolled children with other febrile illnesses [adenovirus (AdV); group A streptococcus (GAS)] and healthy controls (HC) for comparative analyses. Blood transcriptional profiles were analyzed to define: a) the cKD and inKD biosignature, b) compare the KD signature with other febrile illnesses and, c) identify biomarkers predictive of clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We identified a cKD biosignature (n = 39; HC, n = 16) that was validated in two additional cohorts of children with cKD (n = 37; HC, n = 20) and inKD (n = 13; HC, n = 8) and was characterized by overexpression of inflammation, platelets, apoptosis and neutrophil genes, and underexpression of T and NK cell genes. Classifier genes discriminated KD from adenovirus with higher sensitivity and specificity (92% and 100%, respectively) than for GAS (75% and 87%, respectively). We identified a genomic score (MDTH) that was higher at baseline in IVIG-NR [median 12,290 vs. 5,572 in responders, p = 0.009] and independently predicted IVIG-NR. CONCLUSION: A reproducible biosignature from KD patients was identified, and was similar in children with cKD and inKD. A genomic score allowed early identification of children at higher risk for non-response to IVIG.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Adenoviridae/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/sangue , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Nat Immunol ; 19(6): 625-635, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777224

RESUMO

Transcriptional profiles and host-response biomarkers are used increasingly to investigate the severity, subtype and pathogenesis of disease. We now describe whole-blood mRNA signatures and concentrations of local and systemic immunological mediators in 131 adults hospitalized with influenza, from whom extensive clinical and investigational data were obtained by MOSAIC investigators. Signatures reflective of interferon-related antiviral pathways were common up to day 4 of symptoms in patients who did not require mechanical ventilator support; in those who needed mechanical ventilation, an inflammatory, activated-neutrophil and cell-stress or death ('bacterial') pattern was seen, even early in disease. Identifiable bacterial co-infection was not necessary for this 'bacterial' signature but was able to enhance its development while attenuating the early 'viral' signature. Our findings emphasize the importance of timing and severity in the interpretation of host responses to acute viral infection and identify specific patterns of immune-system activation that might enable the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic tools for severe influenza.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Influenza Humana/sangue , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/genética , Interferons/sangue , Interferons/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Adulto Jovem
14.
Immunology ; 155(1): 18-23, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705995

RESUMO

Systems-scale molecular profiling data accumulating in public repositories may constitute a useful resource for immunologists. It is for instance likely that information relevant to their chosen line of research be found among the more than 90,000 data series available in the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus. Such 'collective omics data' may also be employed as source material for training purposes. This is the case when training curricula aim at the development of bioinformatics skills necessary for the analysis, interpretation or visualization of data generated on global scales. But 'collective omics data' may also be reused for training purposes to foster the development of the skills and 'mental habits' underpinning traditional reductionist science approaches. This review describes a small-scale initiative involving investigators, for the most part immunologists, having engaged in a range of training activities relying on 'collective omics data'.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Biologia Computacional/educação , Alergia e Imunologia/educação , Humanos
15.
Elife ; 72018 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29537367

RESUMO

Most humans are exposed to Tropheryma whipplei (Tw). Whipple's disease (WD) strikes only a small minority of individuals infected with Tw (<0.01%), whereas asymptomatic chronic carriage is more common (<25%). We studied a multiplex kindred, containing four WD patients and five healthy Tw chronic carriers. We hypothesized that WD displays autosomal dominant (AD) inheritance, with age-dependent incomplete penetrance. We identified a single very rare non-synonymous mutation in the four patients: the private R98W variant of IRF4, a transcription factor involved in immunity. The five Tw carriers were younger, and also heterozygous for R98W. We found that R98W was loss-of-function, modified the transcriptome of heterozygous leukocytes following Tw stimulation, and was not dominant-negative. We also found that only six of the other 153 known non-synonymous IRF4 variants were loss-of-function. Finally, we found that IRF4 had evolved under purifying selection. AD IRF4 deficiency can underlie WD by haploinsufficiency, with age-dependent incomplete penetrance.


Assuntos
Haploinsuficiência/genética , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Tropheryma/genética , Doença de Whipple/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Leucócitos/microbiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Linhagem , Penetrância , Tropheryma/patogenicidade , Doença de Whipple/microbiologia , Doença de Whipple/patologia
16.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0192082, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377961

RESUMO

Globally, diarrheal diseases are a leading cause of death in children under five and disproportionately affect children in developing countries. Children who contract diarrheal diseases are rarely screened to identify the etiologic agent due to time and cost considerations associated with pathogen-specific screening and hence pathogen-directed therapy is uncommon. The development of biomarkers to rapidly identify underlying pathogens could improve treatment options and clinical outcomes in childhood diarrheal diseases. Here, we perform RNA sequencing on blood samples collected from children evaluated in an emergency room setting with diarrheal disease where the pathogen(s) present are known. We determine host response gene signatures specific to Salmonella, Shigella and rotavirus, but not E. coli, infections that distinguish them from each other and from healthy controls. Specifically, we observed differential expression of genes related to chemokine receptors or inflammasome signaling in Shigella cases, such as CCR3, CXCR8, and NLRC4, and interferon response genes, such as IFI44 and OASL, in rotavirus cases. Our findings add insight into the host peripheral immune response to these pathogens, and suggest strategies and limitations for the use host response transcript signatures for diagnosing the etiologic agent of childhood diarrheal diseases.


Assuntos
Diarreia/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Criança , Diarreia/sangue , Diarreia/genética , Gastroenteropatias/genética , Gastroenteropatias/microbiologia , Humanos , Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação , Shigella/isolamento & purificação
17.
F1000Res ; 6: 181, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28413616

RESUMO

The collection of large-scale datasets available in public repositories is rapidly growing and providing opportunities to identify and fill gaps in different fields of biomedical research. However, users of these datasets should be able to selectively browse datasets related to their field of interest. Here we made available a collection of transcriptome datasets related to human follicular cells from normal individuals or patients with polycystic ovary syndrome, in the process of their development, during in vitro fertilization. After RNA-seq dataset exclusion and careful selection based on study description and sample information, 12 datasets, encompassing a total of 85 unique transcriptome profiles, were identified in NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus and uploaded to the Gene Expression Browser (GXB), a web application specifically designed for interactive query and visualization of integrated large-scale data. Once annotated in GXB, multiple sample grouping has been made in order to create rank lists to allow easy data interpretation and comparison. The GXB tool also allows the users to browse a single gene across multiple projects to evaluate its expression profiles in multiple biological systems/conditions in a web-based customized graphical views. The curated dataset is accessible at the following link: http://ivf.gxbsidra.org/dm3/landing.gsp.

18.
J Immunol ; 198(6): 2479-2488, 2017 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28179497

RESUMO

Despite clear differences in immune system responses and in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases between males and females, there is little understanding of the processes involved. In this study, we identified a gene signature of immature-like neutrophils, characterized by the overexpression of genes encoding for several granule-containing proteins, which was found at higher levels (up to 3-fold) in young (20-30 y old) but not older (60 to >89 y old) males compared with females. Functional and phenotypic characterization of peripheral blood neutrophils revealed more mature and responsive neutrophils in young females, which also exhibited an elevated capacity in neutrophil extracellular trap formation at baseline and upon microbial or sterile autoimmune stimuli. The expression levels of the immature-like neutrophil signature increased linearly with pregnancy, an immune state of increased susceptibility to certain infections. Using mass cytometry, we also find increased frequencies of immature forms of neutrophils in the blood of women during late pregnancy. Thus, our findings show novel sex differences in innate immunity and identify a common neutrophil signature in males and in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Células Sanguíneas/fisiologia , Células Precursoras de Granulócitos/fisiologia , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Sexo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Transcriptoma , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cell ; 168(5): 789-800.e10, 2017 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28235196

RESUMO

The molecular basis of the incomplete penetrance of monogenic disorders is unclear. We describe here eight related individuals with autosomal recessive TIRAP deficiency. Life-threatening staphylococcal disease occurred during childhood in the proband, but not in the other seven homozygotes. Responses to all Toll-like receptor 1/2 (TLR1/2), TLR2/6, and TLR4 agonists were impaired in the fibroblasts and leukocytes of all TIRAP-deficient individuals. However, the whole-blood response to the TLR2/6 agonist staphylococcal lipoteichoic acid (LTA) was abolished only in the index case individual, the only family member lacking LTA-specific antibodies (Abs). This defective response was reversed in the patient, but not in interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4)-deficient individuals, by anti-LTA monoclonal antibody (mAb). Anti-LTA mAb also rescued the macrophage response in mice lacking TIRAP, but not TLR2 or MyD88. Thus, acquired anti-LTA Abs rescue TLR2-dependent immunity to staphylococcal LTA in individuals with inherited TIRAP deficiency, accounting for incomplete penetrance. Combined TIRAP and anti-LTA Ab deficiencies underlie staphylococcal disease in this patient.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/deficiência , Receptores de Interleucina-1/deficiência , Infecções Estafilocócicas/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/imunologia , Ácidos Teicoicos/metabolismo , Imunidade Adaptativa , Criança , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Monócitos/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Linhagem , Fagócitos/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual , Isoformas de Proteínas/análise , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/análise , Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Teicoicos/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Receptores Toll-Like/agonistas , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(4): E514-E523, 2017 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28069966

RESUMO

Most members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) families transduce signals via a canonical pathway involving the MyD88 adapter and the interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) complex. This complex contains four molecules, including at least two (IRAK-1 and IRAK-4) active kinases. In mice and humans, deficiencies of IRAK-4 or MyD88 abolish most TLR (except for TLR3 and some TLR4) and IL-1R signaling in both leukocytes and fibroblasts. TLR and IL-1R responses are weak but not abolished in mice lacking IRAK-1, whereas the role of IRAK-1 in humans remains unclear. We describe here a boy with X-linked MECP2 deficiency-related syndrome due to a large de novo Xq28 chromosomal deletion encompassing both MECP2 and IRAK1 Like many boys with MECP2 null mutations, this child died very early, at the age of 7 mo. Unlike most IRAK-4- or MyD88-deficient patients, he did not suffer from invasive bacterial diseases during his short life. The IRAK-1 protein was completely absent from the patient's fibroblasts, which responded very poorly to all TLR2/6 (PAM2CSK4, LTA, FSL-1), TLR1/2 (PAM3CSK4), and TLR4 (LPS, MPLA) agonists tested but had almost unimpaired responses to IL-1ß. By contrast, the patient's peripheral blood mononuclear cells responded normally to all TLR1/2, TLR2/6, TLR4, TLR7, and TLR8 (R848) agonists tested, and to IL-1ß. The death of this child precluded long-term evaluations of the clinical consequences of inherited IRAK-1 deficiency. However, these findings suggest that human IRAK-1 is essential downstream from TLRs but not IL-1Rs in fibroblasts, whereas it plays a redundant role downstream from both TLRs and IL-1Rs in leukocytes.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/deficiência , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Quinases Associadas a Receptores de Interleucina-1/genética , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteína 2 de Ligação a Metil-CpG/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores Toll-Like/genética
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