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1.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624743

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: We previously described the construction and characterization of generic and reusable blood transcriptional module repertoires. More recently we released a third iteration ("BloodGen3" module repertoire) that comprises 382 functionally annotated gene sets (modules) and encompasses 14,168 transcripts. Custom bioinformatic tools are needed to support downstream analysis, visualization and interpretation relying on such fixed module repertoires. RESULTS: We have developed and describe here a R package, BloodGen3Module. The functions of our package permit group comparison analyses to be performed at the module-level, and to display the results as annotated fingerprint grid plots. A parallel workflow for computing module repertoire changes for individual samples rather than groups of samples is also available; these results are displayed as fingerprint heatmaps. An illustrative case is used to demonstrate the steps involved in generating blood transcriptome repertoire fingerprints of septic patients. Taken together, this resource could facilitate the analysis and interpretation of changes in blood transcript abundance observed across a wide range of pathological and physiological states. AVAILABILITY: The BloodGen3Module package and documentation are freely available from Github: https://github.com/Drinchai/BloodGen3Module. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

2.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e044497, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408218

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Accurate triage is an important first step to effectively manage the clinical treatment of severe cases in a pandemic outbreak. In the current COVID-19 global pandemic, there is a lack of reliable clinical tools to assist clinicians to perform accurate triage. Host response biomarkers have recently shown promise in risk stratification of disease progression; however, the role of these biomarkers in predicting disease progression in patients with COVID-19 is unknown. Here, we present a protocol outlining a prospective validation study to evaluate the biomarkers' performance in predicting clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This prospective validation study assesses patients infected with COVID-19, in whom blood samples are prospectively collected. Recruited patients include a range of infection severity from asymptomatic to critically ill patients, recruited from the community, outpatient clinics, emergency departments and hospitals. Study samples consist of peripheral blood samples collected into RNA-preserving (PAXgene/Tempus) tubes on patient presentation or immediately on study enrolment. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) will be performed on total RNA extracted from collected blood samples using primers specific to host response gene expression biomarkers that have been previously identified in studies of respiratory viral infections. The RT-PCR data will be analysed to assess the diagnostic performance of individual biomarkers in predicting COVID-19-related outcomes, such as viral pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome or bacterial pneumonia. Biomarker performance will be evaluated using sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, likelihood ratios and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This research protocol aims to study the host response gene expression biomarkers in severe respiratory viral infections with a pandemic potential (COVID-19). It has been approved by the local ethics committee with approval number 2020/ETH00886. The results of this project will be disseminated in international peer-reviewed scientific journals.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Triagem/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
J Clin Invest ; 131(1)2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393505

RESUMO

Human herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis can be caused by inborn errors of the TLR3 pathway, resulting in impairment of CNS cell-intrinsic antiviral immunity. Deficiencies of the TLR3 pathway impair cell-intrinsic immunity to vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and HSV-1 in fibroblasts, and to HSV-1 in cortical but not trigeminal neurons. The underlying molecular mechanism is thought to involve impaired IFN-α/ß induction by the TLR3 recognition of dsRNA viral intermediates or by-products. However, we show here that human TLR3 controls constitutive levels of IFNB mRNA and secreted bioactive IFN-ß protein, and thereby also controls constitutive mRNA levels for IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) in fibroblasts. Tlr3-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts also have lower basal ISG levels. Moreover, human TLR3 controls basal levels of IFN-ß secretion and ISG mRNA in induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cortical neurons. Consistently, TLR3-deficient human fibroblasts and cortical neurons are vulnerable not only to both VSV and HSV-1, but also to several other families of viruses. The mechanism by which TLR3 restricts viral growth in human fibroblasts and cortical neurons in vitro and, by inference, by which the human CNS prevents infection by HSV-1 in vivo, is therefore based on the control of early viral infection by basal IFN-ß immunity.

4.
Front Immunol ; 11: 587946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33329570

RESUMO

Transcriptome profiling approaches have been widely used to investigate the mechanisms underlying psoriasis pathogenesis. Most researchers have measured changes in transcript abundance in skin biopsies; relatively few have examined transcriptome changes in the blood. Although less relevant to the study of psoriasis pathogenesis, blood transcriptome profiles can be readily compared across various diseases. Here, we used a pre-established set of 382 transcriptional modules as a common framework to compare changes in blood transcript abundance in two independent public psoriasis datasets. We then compared the resulting "transcriptional fingerprints" to those obtained for a reference set of 16 pathological or physiological states. The perturbations in blood transcript abundance in psoriasis were relatively subtle compared to the changes we observed in other autoimmune and auto-inflammatory diseases. However, we did observe a consistent pattern of changes for a set of modules associated with neutrophil activation and inflammation; interestingly, this pattern resembled that observed in patients with Kawasaki disease. This similarity between the blood-transcriptome signatures in psoriasis and Kawasaki disease suggests that the immune mechanisms driving their pathogenesis might be partially shared.

5.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e041631, 2020 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040018

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A successful pregnancy relies on the interplay of various biological systems. Deviations from the norm within a system or intersystemic interactions may result in pregnancy-associated complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Systems biology approaches provide an avenue of unbiased, in-depth phenotyping in health and disease. The molecular signature in pregnancy (MSP) cohort was established to characterise longitudinal, cross-omic trajectories in pregnant women from a resource constrained setting. Downstream analysis will focus on characterising physiological perturbations in uneventful pregnancies, pregnancy-associated complications and adverse outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: First trimester pregnant women of Karen or Burman ethnicity were followed prospectively throughout pregnancy, at delivery and until 3 months post partum. Serial high-frequency sampling to assess whole blood transcriptomics and microbiome composition of the gut, vagina and oral cavity, in conjunction with assessment of gene expression and microbial colonisation of gestational tissue, was done for all cohort participants. FINDINGS TO DATE: 381 women with live born singletons averaged 16 (IQR 15-18) antenatal visits (13 094 biological samples were collected). At 5% (19/381) the preterm birth rate was low. Other adverse events such as maternal febrile illness 7.1% (27/381), gestational diabetes 13.1% (50/381), maternal anaemia 16.3% (62/381), maternal underweight 19.2% (73/381) and a neonate born small for gestational age 20.2% (77/381) were more often observed than preterm birth. FUTURE PLANS: Results from the MSP cohort will enable in-depth characterisation of cross-omic molecular trajectories in pregnancies from a population in a resource-constrained setting. Moreover, pregnancy-associated complications and unfavourable pregnancy outcomes will be investigated at the same granular level, with a particular focus on population relevant needs such as effect of tropical infections on pregnancy. More detailed knowledge on multiomic perturbations will ideally result in the development of diagnostic tools and ultimately lead to targeted interventions that may disproportionally benefit pregnant women from this resource-limited population. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02797327.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024956

RESUMO

Objective: To pursue a systematic review and summarise the current evidence for the potential of transcriptome molecular profiling in investigating the preterm phenotype. Study design: We systematically reviewed the literature, using readily available electronic databases (i.e. PubMed/Medline, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science) from inception until March 2020 to identify investigations of maternal blood-derived RNA profiling in preterm birth (PTB). Studies were included if circulating coding or non-coding RNA was analysed in maternal blood during pregnancy and/or at delivery. Interventional trials were not included. The primary outcome was the availability of whole genome expression patterns evaluated in pregnancies resulting in preterm deliveries. Results: A total of 35 articles were included in the final analysis. Most of the studies were conducted in high-income countries and published in the last decade. Apart from spontaneous PTB, a variety of phenotypes leading to preterm delivery were reported. Differences in sampling methods, target gene selection and laboratory protocols severely limited any quantitative comparisons. Most of the studies revealed that gene expression profiling during pregnancy has high potential for identifying women at risk of spontaneous and/or non-spontaneous PTB as early as in the first trimester. Conclusion: Assessing maternal blood-derived transcriptional signatures for PTB risk in pregnant women holds promise as a screening approach. However, longitudinally followed, prospective pregnancy cohorts are lacking. These are relevant for identifying causes leading to PTB and whether prediction of spontaneous PTB or co-morbidities associated with PTB is achievable. More emphasis on widely employed standardised protocols is required to ensure comparability of results.

7.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 291, 2020 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Covid-19 morbidity and mortality are associated with a dysregulated immune response. Tools are needed to enhance existing immune profiling capabilities in affected patients. Here we aimed to develop an approach to support the design of targeted blood transcriptome panels for profiling the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: We designed a pool of candidates based on a pre-existing and well-characterized repertoire of blood transcriptional modules. Available Covid-19 blood transcriptome data was also used to guide this process. Further selection steps relied on expert curation. Additionally, we developed several custom web applications to support the evaluation of candidates. RESULTS: As a proof of principle, we designed three targeted blood transcript panels, each with a different translational connotation: immunological relevance, therapeutic development relevance and SARS biology relevance. CONCLUSION: Altogether the work presented here may contribute to the future expansion of immune profiling capabilities via targeted profiling of blood transcript abundance in Covid-19 patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário , Internet , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , RNA-Seq , Software
8.
Microbes Infect ; 22(10): 540-549, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758644

RESUMO

Defects in innate immunity affect many different physiologic systems and several studies of patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders demonstrated the importance of innate immune system components in disease prevention or colonization of bacterial pathogens. To assess the role of the innate immune system on nasal colonization with Staphylococcus aureus, innate immune responses in pediatric S. aureus nasal persistent carriers (n = 14) and non-carriers (n = 15) were profiled by analyzing co-clustered gene sets (modules). We stimulated previously frozen peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from these subjects with i) a panel of TLR ligands, ii) live S. aureus (either a mixture of strains or stimulation with respective carriage isolates), or iii) heat-killed S. aureus. We found no difference in responses between carriers and non-carriers when PBMCs were stimulated with a panel of TLR ligands. However, PBMC gene expression profiles differed between persistent and non-S. aureus carriers following stimulation with either live or dead S. aureus. These observations suggest that individuals susceptible to persistent carriage with S. aureus may possess differences in their live/dead bacteria recognition pathway and that innate pathway signaling is different between persistent and non-carriers of S. aureus.

9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3548, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669541

RESUMO

Congenital CMV infection (cCMVi) affects 0.5-1% of all live births worldwide, making it the leading cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in childhood. The majority of infants with cCMVi have normal hearing at birth, but are at risk of developing late-onset SNHL. Currently, we lack reliable biomarkers to predict the development of SNHL in these infants. Here, we evaluate blood transcriptional profiles in 80 infants with cCMVi (49 symptomatic, 31 asymptomatic), enrolled in the first 3 weeks of life, and followed for 3 years to assess emergence of late-onset SNHL. The biosignatures of symptomatic and asymptomatic cCMVi are indistinguishable, suggesting that immune responses of infants with asymptomatic and symptomatic cCMVi are not different. Random forest analyses of initial samples in infants with cCMVi, irrespective of their clinical classification, identify a 16-gene classifier signature associated with the development of SNHL with 92% accuracy, suggesting its potential value as a biomarker.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/sangue , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/epidemiologia , Infecções Assintomáticas , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Citomegalovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/congênito , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/imunologia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/virologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Transcriptoma/genética
10.
Immunology ; 161(4): 291-302, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682335

RESUMO

According to publicly available transcriptome datasets, the abundance of Annexin A3 (ANXA3) is robustly increased during the course of sepsis; however, no studies have examined the biological significance or clinical relevance of ANXA3 in this pathology. Here we explored this interpretation gap and identified possible directions for future research. Based on reference transcriptome datasets, we found that ANXA3 expression is restricted to neutrophils, is upregulated in vitro after exposure to plasma obtained from septic patients, and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Secondly, an increase in ANXA3 transcript abundance was also observed in vivo, in the blood of septic patients in multiple independent studies. ANXA3 is known to mediate calcium-dependent granules-phagosome fusion in support of microbicidal activity in neutrophils. More recent work has also shown that ANXA3 enhances proliferation and survival of tumour cells via a Caspase-3-dependent mechanism. And this same molecule is also known to play a critical role in regulation of apoptotic events in neutrophils. Thus, we posit that during sepsis ANXA3 might either play a beneficial role, by facilitating microbial clearance and resolution of the infection; or a detrimental role, by prolonging neutrophil survival, which is known to contribute to sepsis-mediated organ damage.

11.
Mol Metab ; 40: 101038, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fasting regimens can promote health, mitigate chronic immunological disorders, and improve age-related pathophysiological parameters in animals and humans. Several ongoing clinical trials are using fasting as a potential therapy for various conditions. Fasting alters metabolism by acting as a reset for energy homeostasis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of short-term fasting (STF) are not well understood, particularly at the systems or multiorgan level. METHODS: We performed RNA-sequencing in nine organs from mice fed ad libitum (0 h) or subjected to fasting five times (2-22 h). We applied a combination of multivariate analysis, differential expression analysis, gene ontology, and network analysis for an in-depth understanding of the multiorgan transcriptome. We used literature mining solutions, LitLab™ and Gene Retriever™, to identify the biological and biochemical terms significantly associated with our experimental gene set, which provided additional support and meaning to the experimentally derived gene and inferred protein data. RESULTS: We cataloged the transcriptional dynamics within and between organs during STF and discovered differential temporal effects of STF among organs. Using gene ontology enrichment analysis, we identified an organ network sharing 37 common biological pathways perturbed by STF. This network incorporates the brain, liver, interscapular brown adipose tissue, and posterior-subcutaneous white adipose tissue; hence, we named it the brain-liver-fats organ network. Using Reactome pathways analysis, we identified the immune system, dominated by T cell regulation processes, as a central and prominent target of systemic modulations during STF in this organ network. The changes we identified in specific immune components point to the priming of adaptive immunity and parallel the fine-tuning of innate immune signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a comprehensive multiorgan transcriptomic profiling of mice subjected to multiple periods of STF and provides new insights into the molecular modulators involved in the systemic immunotranscriptomic changes that occur during short-term energy loss.

12.
J Clin Immunol ; 40(6): 807-819, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32572726

RESUMO

Down syndrome (DS) is characterized by the occurrence of three copies of human chromosome 21 (HSA21). HSA21 contains a cluster of four interferon receptor (IFN-R) genes: IFNAR1, IFNAR2, IFNGR2, and IL10RB. DS patients often develop mucocutaneous infections and autoimmune diseases, mimicking patients with heterozygous gain-of-function (GOF) STAT1 mutations, which enhance cellular responses to three types of interferon (IFN). A gene dosage effect at these four loci may contribute to the infectious and autoimmune manifestations observed in individuals with DS. We report high levels of IFN-αR1, IFN-αR2, and IFN-γR2 expression on the surface of monocytes and EBV-transformed-B (EBV-B) cells from studying 45 DS patients. Total and phosphorylated STAT1 (STAT1 and pSTAT1) levels were constitutively high in unstimulated and IFN-α- and IFN-γ-stimulated monocytes from DS patients but lower than those in patients with GOF STAT1 mutations. Following stimulation with IFN-α or -γ, but not with IL-6 or IL-21, pSTAT1 and IFN-γ activation factor (GAF) DNA-binding activities were significantly higher in the EBV-B cells of DS patients than in controls. These responses resemble the dysregulated responses observed in patients with STAT1 GOF mutations. Concentrations of plasma type I IFNs were high in 12% of the DS patients tested (1.8% in the healthy controls). Levels of type I IFNs, IFN-Rs, and STAT1 were similar in DS patients with and without recurrent skin infections. We performed a genome-wide transcriptomic analysis based on principal component analysis and interferon modules on circulating monocytes. We found that DS monocytes had levels of both IFN-α- and IFN-γ-inducible ISGs intermediate to those of monocytes from healthy controls and from patients with GOF STAT1 mutations. Unlike patients with GOF STAT1 mutations, patients with DS had normal circulating Th17 counts and a high proportion of terminally differentiated CD8+ T cells with low levels of STAT1 expression. We conclude a mild interferonopathy in Down syndrome leads to an incomplete penetrance at both cellular and clinical level, which is not correlate with recurrent skin bacterial or fungal infections. The constitutive upregulation of type I and type II IFN-R, at least in monocytes of DS patients, may contribute to the autoimmune diseases observed in these individuals.

13.
BMC Res Notes ; 13(1): 150, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Transcriptome analysis of human whole blood is used to discover biomarkers of diseases and to assess phenotypic traits. Here we have collected small volumes of blood in Tempus solution and tested whether different storage conditions have an impact on transcriptomic profiling. Fifty µl of blood were collected in 100µl of Tempus solutions, freezed at - 20 °C for 1 day and eventually thawed, stored and processed under five different conditions: (i) - 20 °C for 1 week; (ii) +4 °C for 1 week; (iii) room temperature for 1 week; (iv) room temperature for 1 day, - 20 °C for 1 day, room temperature until testing at day 7, (v) - 20 °C for 1 week, RNA was isolated and stored in GenTegra solution. We used 272 immune transcript specific assays to test the expression profiling using qPCR based Fluidigm BioMark HD dynamic array. RESULTS: RNA yield ranged between 0.17 and 1.39µg. Except for one sample, RIN values were > 7. Using Principal Component Analysis, we saw that the storage conditions did not drive sample distribution. The condition that showed larger variability was the RT-FR-RT (room temperature-freezing-room temperature), suggesting that freezing-thawing cycles may have a worse effect on data reproducibility than keeping the samples at room temperature.

14.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(8): 1975-1983, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Blood transcriptomic IFN signature is a hallmark of SLE. The impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL) observed in SLE is poorly related to disease activity. The aim of this study was to test how IFN signatures were associated with HRQOL in SLE patients. METHODS: Among consecutive patients, blood transcriptomic profiles were analysed with a modular framework comprising 3 IFN modules: M1.2, M3.4 and M5.12. Disease activity was evaluated by the SLEDAI score, and HRQOL was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire, which includes eight domains: physical function, role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role emotional, and mental health (MH) and physical component summary and mental component summary scores. RESULTS: A total of 57 SLE patients were evaluated, among whom 27 (47%) were clinically quiescent, 30 (53%) were flaring, and 19 (33%) had active lupus nephritis. All SF-36 domains were altered in SLE patients compared with the general French population (P < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, taking into account flares, age, ethnicity, smoking and renal severity, social functioning was independently associated with the IFN score (P = 0.027). Analyses restrained to quiescent patients (n = 27) yielded greater associations between social functioning and the three IFN modules, and between MH and M3.4. Considering all quiescent visits (n = 51), the IFN score was independently correlated with social functioning (P = 0.022) and MH (P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: This unexpected paradoxical association between IFN signature and some specific HRQOL domains argues against a pivotal role of IFNs in the persistently altered HRQOL of SLE patients.

15.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2410, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681299

RESUMO

A potential role for the long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase family member 1 (ACSL1) in the immunobiology of sepsis was explored during a hands-on training workshop. Participants first assessed the robustness of the potential gap in biomedical knowledge identified via an initial screen of public transcriptome data and of the literature associated with ACSL1. Increase in ACSL1 transcript abundance during sepsis was confirmed in several independent datasets. Querying the ACSL1 literature also confirmed the absence of reports associating ACSL1 with sepsis. Inferences drawn from both the literature (via indirect associations) and public transcriptome data (via correlation) point to the likely participation of ACSL1 and ACSL4, another family member, in inflammasome activation in neutrophils during sepsis. Furthermore, available clinical data indicate that levels of ACSL1 and ACSL4 induction was significantly higher in fatal cases of sepsis. This denotes potential translational relevance and is consistent with involvement in pathways driving potentially deleterious systemic inflammation. Finally, while ACSL1 expression was induced in blood in vitro by a wide range of pathogen-derived factors as well as TNF, induction of ACSL4 appeared restricted to flagellated bacteria and pathogen-derived TLR5 agonists and IFNG. Taken together, this joint review of public literature and omics data records points to two members of the acyl-CoA synthetase family potentially playing a role in inflammasome activation in neutrophils. Translational relevance of these observations in the context of sepsis and other inflammatory conditions remain to be investigated.


Assuntos
Coenzima A Ligases/imunologia , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/imunologia , Sepse/imunologia , Transcriptoma/imunologia , Ácidos Graxos/imunologia , Humanos , Interferon gama/imunologia , Sepse/patologia , Receptor 5 Toll-Like/imunologia
16.
F1000Res ; 8: 188, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559014

RESUMO

Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders, frequently caused by loss-of-function and less commonly by gain-of-function mutations, which can result in susceptibility to a broad or a very narrow range of infections but also in inflammatory, allergic or malignant diseases. Owing to the wide range in clinical manifestations and variability in penetrance and expressivity, there is an urgent need to better understand the underlying molecular, cellular and immunological phenotypes in PID patients in order to improve clinical diagnosis and management. Here we have compiled a manually curated collection of public transcriptome datasets mainly obtained from human whole blood, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or fibroblasts of patients with PIDs and of control subjects for subsequent meta-analysis, query and interpretation. A total of nineteen (19) datasets derived from studies of PID patients were identified and retrieved from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and loaded in GXB, a custom web application designed for interactive query and visualization of integrated large-scale data. The dataset collection includes samples from well characterized PID patients that were stimulated ex vivo under a variety of conditions to assess the molecular consequences of the underlying, naturally occurring gene defects on a genome-wide scale. Multiple sample groupings and rank lists were generated to facilitate comparisons of the transcriptional responses between different PID patients and control subjects. The GXB tool enables browsing of a single transcript across studies, thereby providing new perspectives on the role of a given molecule across biological systems and PID patients. This dataset collection is available at http://pid.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/genética , Software , Transcriptoma , Humanos , Imunidade , Leucócitos Mononucleares
17.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0221016, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415630

RESUMO

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are a recently identified, web-like, extracellular structure composed of decondensed nuclear DNA and associated antimicrobial granules. NETs are extruded into the extracellular environment via the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent cell death pathway participating in inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Transketolase (TKT) is a thiamine pyrophosphate (vitamin B1)-dependent enzyme that links the pentose phosphate pathway with the glycolytic pathway by feeding excess sugar phosphates into the main carbohydrate metabolic pathways to generate biosynthetic reducing capacity in the form of NADPH as a substrate for ROS generation. In this work, TKT was selected as a lead candidate from 24 NET-associated proteins obtained by literature screening and knowledge gap assessment. Consequently, we determined whether TKT influenced NET formation in vitro. We firstly established that the release of ROS-dependent NETs was significantly decreased after purified human PMNs were pretreated with oxythiamine, a TKT inhibitor, and in a concentration dependent manner. As a cofactor for TKT reaction, we evaluated the release of NET formation either in vitamin B1 treatment or in combined use of oxythiamine and vitamin B1, and found that those treatments also exerted a significant suppressive effect on the amount of NET-DNA and ROS production. The regulation of TKT by oxythiamine and/or vitamin B1 may therefore be associated with response to the modulation of NET formation by preventing generation of excessive NETs in inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Armadilhas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tiamina/metabolismo , Transcetolase/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia
18.
Database (Oxford) ; 20192019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290545

RESUMO

Prevalence of allergies has reached ~20% of population in developed countries and sensitization rate to one or more allergens among school age children are approaching 50%. However, the combination of the complexity of atopic allergy susceptibility/development and environmental factors has made identification of gene biomarkers challenging. The amount of publicly accessible transcriptomic data presents an unprecedented opportunity for mechanistic discoveries and validation of complex disease signatures across studies. However, this necessitates structured methodologies and visual tools for the interpretation of results. Here, we present a curated collection of transcriptomic datasets relevant to immunoglobin E-mediated atopic diseases (ranging from allergies to primary immunodeficiencies). Thirty-three datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus, encompassing 1860 transcriptome profiles, were made available on the Gene Expression Browser (GXB), an online and open-source web application that allows for the query, visualization and annotation of metadata. The thematic compositions, disease categories, sample number and platforms of the collection are described. Ranked gene lists and sample grouping are used to facilitate data visualization/interpretation and are available online via GXB (http://ige.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list). Dataset validation using associated publications showed good concordance in GXB gene expression trend and fold-change.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hipersensibilidade , Imunoglobulina E , Software , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/classificação , Hipersensibilidade/genética , Hipersensibilidade/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina E/genética , Imunoglobulina E/metabolismo , Masculino
19.
F1000Res ; 8: 284, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231515

RESUMO

The human immune defense mechanisms and factors associated with good versus poor health outcomes following viral respiratory tract infections (VRTI), as well as correlates of protection following vaccination against respiratory viruses, remain incompletely understood. To shed further light into these mechanisms, a number of systems-scale studies have been conducted to measure transcriptional changes in blood leukocytes of either naturally or experimentally infected individuals, or in individual's post-vaccination. Here we are making available a public repository, for research investigators for interpretation, a collection of transcriptome datasets obtained from human whole blood and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to investigate the transcriptional responses following viral respiratory tract infection or vaccination against respiratory viruses. In total, Thirty one31 datasets, associated to viral respiratory tract infections and their related vaccination studies, were identified and retrieved from the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and loaded in a custom web application designed for interactive query and visualization of integrated large-scale data. Quality control checks, using relevant biological markers, were performed. Multiple sample groupings and rank lists were created to facilitate dataset query and interpretation. Via this interface, users can generate web links to customized graphical views, which may be subsequently inserted into manuscripts to report novel findings. The GXB tool enables browsing of a single gene across projects, providing new perspectives on the role of a given molecule across biological systems in the diagnostic and prognostic following VRTI but also in identifying new correlates of protection. This dataset collection is available at: http://vri1.gxbsidra.org/dm3/geneBrowser/list.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Infecções Respiratórias , Transcriptoma , Vacinação , Vírus , Sangue , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Infecções Respiratórias/imunologia , Infecções Respiratórias/virologia
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2887, 2019 06 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253760

RESUMO

Understanding how immune challenges elicit different responses is critical for diagnosing and deciphering immune regulation. Using a modular strategy to interpret the complex transcriptional host response in mouse models of infection and inflammation, we show a breadth of immune responses in the lung. Lung immune signatures are dominated by either IFN-γ and IFN-inducible, IL-17-induced neutrophil- or allergy-associated gene expression. Type I IFN and IFN-γ-inducible, but not IL-17- or allergy-associated signatures, are preserved in the blood. While IL-17-associated genes identified in lung are detected in blood, the allergy signature is only detectable in blood CD4+ effector cells. Type I IFN-inducible genes are abrogated in the absence of IFN-γ signaling and decrease in the absence of IFNAR signaling, both independently contributing to the regulation of granulocyte responses and pathology during Toxoplasma gondii infection. Our framework provides an ideal tool for comparative analyses of transcriptional signatures contributing to protection or pathogenesis in disease.


Assuntos
Candidíase/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Melioidose/metabolismo , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/metabolismo , Animais , Burkholderia pseudomallei , Candida albicans , Candidíase/imunologia , Candidíase/microbiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/genética , Pulmão , Melioidose/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/genética , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta , Receptores de Interferon , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/imunologia
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