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1.
Rev. dor ; 15(3): 186-190, Jul-Sep/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-725718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Saliva plays an important role in oral health; it is involved in lubrication of the oral mucosa, protection against infections, transport of nutrients and digestive enzymes, remineralization of teeth, as well as aiding in chewing, swallowing and speech. Reductions in the amount of saliva are known to increase the risk of oral diseases. This study investigated the factors associated to salivary flow alterations and its relationship with age, burning mouth syndrome, psychiatric and sleep disorders, systemic diseases and chronic drug use. METHODS: A total of 30 patients complaining of dry mouth without unbalanced systemic diseases were included. Questionnaires regarding socio-demographic data, xerostomia, burning mouth, depression and anxiety symptoms, and sleep disturbances were applied. Measures of salivary flow rates were obtained using spit method. Correlation of hyposalivation and quantitative data was determined using a multivariate regression model. RESULTS: The age range was 31-83 years, hyposalivation was correlated positively with sleep disorder (β=0.079, 95% CI, to 0,124) and negatively with burning mouth (β=-0.043, 95% CI, -0.083 to -0.002). CONCLUSION: These results provide evidences regarding the association between reduced salivary flow and burning mouth, sleep disorders and chronic use of psychotropic medicines, and we highlighted the important role of antidepressants on modulation of burning mouth sensation...


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A saliva tem um papel importante na saúde bucal; está envolvida na lubrificação da mucosa oral, na proteção contra infecções, no transporte de nutrientes e enzimas digestivas, na remineralização dentária e também auxilia na mastigação, deglutição e fala. Sabe-se que reduções na quantidade de saliva aumentam o risco de doenças bucais. Este estudo investigou os fatores associados a alterações no fluxo salivar e seu relacionamento com idade, síndrome de ardência bucal, distúrbios psiquiátricos e do sono, doenças sistêmicas e uso crônico de medicamentos. MÉTODOS: Foi incluído um total de 30 pacientes com queixa de xerostomia sem doenças sistêmicas desequilibradas. Foram aplicados questionários sobre dados sociodemográficos, xerostomia, ardência bucal, sintomas de depressão e ansiedade e distúrbios do sono. As medidas de fluxo salivar foram obtidas pelo método spit. A correlação entre hipo-salivação e dados quantitativos foi determinada por um modelo univariado de regressão. RESULTADOS: A idade various de 31;83 anos, hipo-salivação foi correlacionada positivamente com distúrbios do sono (β=0,079, 95% CI, 0,033 a 0,124) e negativamente com ardência bucal (β=-0,043, 95% CI, -0,083 a -0,002). CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados trazem evidências sobre a associação entre fluxo salivar reduzido e ardência bucal, distúrbios do sono e uso crônico de psicotrópicos, e destacamos o importante papel dos antidepressivos na modulação da sensação de ardência bucal...


Assuntos
Humanos , Queimaduras , Boca , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Xerostomia
2.
Head Neck Pathol ; 5(1): 1-7, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21053110

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological profile of odontogenic epithelium by immunolabeling of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), Ki-67 and survivin in keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KOT), dentigerous cysts (DC), and pericoronal follicles (PF). Immunohistochemical analysis was performed in 13 KOTs, 14 DCs and 9 PFs. Immunolabeling was analyzed in the basal and suprabasal layers of KOTs and DCs, and in the islands of odontogenic epithelium and/or reduced enamel epithelium of PFs. KOTs showed the highest proliferation rate among the three groups, mainly in suprabasal layers. EGFR immunolabeling was observed mainly in the cytoplasm in basal and suprabasal layers of KOTs and in the suprabasal layer of DCs. Immunolabeling in both membrane and cytoplasm was greater in PFs. In PFs, membrane-only staining was observed. Survivin immunolabeling showed a greater percentage of positive cells (scoring +++) in the suprabasal layer of KOTs. In DCs, both layers showed similar percentages of cells scoring +++; PFs showed the highest percentage of these cells. In KOTs, epithelial cells showed stimulus-independent neoplastic proliferative characteristics, suggesting the presence of a suprabasal proliferative compartment, maintained by inhibition of apoptosis. In DCs, the basal layer seemed to proliferate in response to stimulus. Although PFs showed low proliferative activity, the expression of EGFR indicates that some cells have a high capacity to respond to stimuli, which could probably explain the origin of odontogenic lesions.


Assuntos
Cisto Dentígero/metabolismo , Epitélio/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/biossíntese , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/biossíntese , Antígeno Ki-67/biossíntese , Tumores Odontogênicos/metabolismo , Cisto Dentígero/patologia , Epitélio/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Survivina
3.
Rev. HCPA & Fac. Med. Univ. Fed. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 31(3): 318-325, 2011. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-610034

RESUMO

Objetivo: avaliar fatores associados ao diagnóstico de ardência bucal como xerostomia, hipossalivação, sintomas depressivos, ansiedade, transtornos de sono, doenças sistêmicas e uso contínuo de medicamentos. Métodos: foram avaliados 22 pacientes atendidos em nível ambulatorial através de escalas validadas e questionário sociodemográfico, seguido de medidas de fluxo salivar espontâneo e estimulado através do método de expectoração salivar. Na análise estatística descritiva foi utilizado SPSS 16.0. Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 4 homens e 18 mulheres com idade média de 61,6+2,83 anos. As médias de fluxo salivar espontâneo e estimulado foram 0,27+0,06 ml/min e 0,84+0,08 ml/min, respectivamente. A hipossalivação esteve presente em 54,5% dos casos, sendo que a xerostomia foi referida por 31,3% dos pacientes. Sintomas depressivos leves foram observados em 22,7% da amostra. Na avaliação de ansiedade-traço 31,8% apresentaram sintomas de ansiedade moderada, 63,6%, sintomas de ansiedade elevada e 4,5%, ansiedade muito elevada. Quanto à avaliação de ansiedade-estado 27,3% apresentaram sintomas de ansiedade moderada e 72,7% sintomas de ansiedade elevada. Setenta e sete por cento apresentaram alterações de sono. Os exames sorológicos não apresentaram alterações significativas. Conclusão: estes resultados sugerem associação entre os parâmetros comportamentais avaliados e os sintomas bucais, sendo necessário o aumento da amostra para que possamos confirmar estatisticamente essa tendência.


Aim: to evaluate factors associated with the diagnosis of burning mouth, such as dry mouth, hyposalivation, depressive symptoms, anxiety, sleep disorders, systemic diseases, and continuous use of medications. Methods: twenty-two patients recruited from outpatient clinics were assessed using validated scales and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Patients’ spontaneous and stimulated salivary flow rates were also measured using saliva expectoration. SPSS 16.0 was used in the descriptive statistical analysis. Results: the sample consisted of 4 men and 18 women whose mean age was 61.6±2.83 years. The mean of spontaneous and stimulated salivary flow rates were 0.27+0.06 mL/min and 0.84+0.08 mL/min, respectively. Hyposalivation was present in 54.5% of cases, and dry mouth was reported by 31.3% of patients. Mild depressive symptoms were observed in 22.7% of the sample. When assessing anxiety-trait, we found that 31.8% had moderate symptoms of anxiety, 63.6% had symptoms of high anxiety, and 4.5% had very high anxiety. The assessment of anxiety-status showed that 27.3% and 72.7% had moderate and elevated anxiety symptoms, respectively. Seventy-seven percent had sleep disorders. Serological tests showed no significant changes. Conclusion: Our findings suggest an association between the behavioral parameters evaluated and the oral symptoms, indicating the need for a larger sample to confirm this trend using statistical analysis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disgeusia/complicações , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/etnologia , Xerostomia/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Diagnóstico Bucal/métodos , Análise Estatística
4.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 15(2): 328-334, mar. 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-80236

RESUMO

Objective: Analyze whether the most frequent cases of non-dysplastic leukoplakias, hyperkeratosis (H), acanthosis(A), and hyperkeratosis with acanthosis (HA) have similar cell proliferation rates and to compare them withepithelial dysplastic (ED) leukoplakias and normal oral epithelium (NOE).Study design: The sample comprised10 cases of normal oral epithelium, 10 cases of hyperkeratosis, 10 cases of acanthosis, 10 cases of hyperkeratosiswith acanthosis and 10 cases of epithelial dysplasia. The mean number of AgNORs per nucleus (mAgNOR) andthe mean percentage of cells with 1, 2, 3 and 4 or more AgNORs per nucleus (pAgNOR) were recorded. Results:The results of mAgNOR showed differences between disorders in the evaluation of the basal layer, of the parabasallayer, and in the overall evaluation. mAgNOR and pAgNOR=2 increased progressively from normal oralepithelium to hyperkeratosis with acanthosis, hyperkeratosis, acanthosis and epithelial dysplasia (p<0.05). Cellproliferation rate was different between different subtypes of non-dysplastic leukoplakias and this group presenteda higher proliferative behavior when compared to normal oral epithelium. Conclusion: It may be suggested thatnon-dysplastic leukoplakias had different characteristics regarding cell proliferation rates and sometimes showeda proliferative behavior similar to that found in epithelial dysplasia. More studies should be conduced to increaseknowledge about the biological profile of non-dysplastic leukoplakias, especially as it pertains to acanthosis (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proliferação de Células , Leucoplasia Oral/patologia , Antígenos Nucleares
5.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 15(2): e328-34, 2010 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19767704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze whether the most frequent cases of non-dysplastic leukoplakias, hyperkeratosis (H), acanthosis (A), and hyperkeratosis with acanthosis (HA) have similar cell proliferation rates and to compare them with epithelial dysplastic (ED) leukoplakias and normal oral epithelium (NOE). STUDY DESIGN: The sample comprised 10 cases of normal oral epithelium, 10 cases of hyperkeratosis, 10 cases of acanthosis, 10 cases of hyperkeratosis with acanthosis and 10 cases of epithelial dysplasia. The mean number of AgNORs per nucleus (mAgNOR) and the mean percentage of cells with 1, 2, 3 and 4 or more AgNORs per nucleus (pAgNOR) were recorded. RESULTS: The results of mAgNOR showed differences between disorders in the evaluation of the basal layer, of the parabasal layer, and in the overall evaluation. mAgNOR and pAgNOR=2 increased progressively from normal oral epithelium to hyperkeratosis with acanthosis, hyperkeratosis, acanthosis and epithelial dysplasia (p<0.05). Cell proliferation rate was different between different subtypes of non-dysplastic leukoplakias and this group presented a higher proliferative behavior when compared to normal oral epithelium. CONCLUSION: It may be suggested that non-dysplastic leukoplakias had different characteristics regarding cell proliferation rates and sometimes showed a proliferative behavior similar to that found in epithelial dysplasia. More studies should be conduced to increase knowledge about the biological profile of non-dysplastic leukoplakias, especially as it pertains to acanthosis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Leucoplasia Oral/patologia , Antígenos Nucleares , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19157927

RESUMO

A case of clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) affecting 2 different extraosseous sites is described. A 43-year-old female patient presented with 2 gingival lesions (1 in the upper premolar and 1 in the lower incisor area), which were clinically diagnosed as inflammatory hyperplasia and surgically removed. Microscopically, both lesions were composed of polyhedral cells (some with clear cytoplasm); hyaline material and areas of calcification were also observed. The diagnostic hypotheses raised were clear cell variant of CEOT, hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma, and renal metastasis. The hyaline material was positive for Congo red, crystal violet, and Lugol's iodine stains, but negative for Coomassie blue; the clear cells showed positively stained granules with PAS stain. Based on these results, the conclusive diagnosis for both lesions was clear cell variant of CEOT. No evidence of recurrence was observed after 1 year of follow-up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gengivais/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Adulto , Calcinose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos
7.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 13(5): E275-80, 2008 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18449109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: the role of p53 expression in odontogenic lesions has not been fully determined, but has been associated with cell proliferation. The purpose of this study was to analyze p53 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in 4 different odontogenic lesions. DESIGN: expression of p53 and PCNA was analyzed in radicular and dentigerous cysts, odontogenic keratocysts, and calcifying odontogenic cysts (Gorlin cysts) using monoclonal antibodies for detection of p53 and PCNA. RESULTS: PCNA expression was significantly greater in the basal layer of radicular cysts and in the suprabasal layer of odontogenic keratocysts; the percentage of p53 positive cells was significantly greater in the suprabasal layer of odontogenic keratocysts. CONCLUSIONS: The patterns of p53 and PCNA expression in dentigerous and radicular cysts were similar although the two lesions are of different origin. In odontogenic keratocysts and Gorlin cysts, results indicate a different pattern of tumor growth.


Assuntos
Cistos Odontogênicos/imunologia , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/biossíntese , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/biossíntese , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/análise , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/análise
8.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 54(1): 49-56, jan.-mar. 2008.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-654045

RESUMO

O consumo de álcool é um dos fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento do câncer bucal; entretanto, os mecanismos envolvidos no dano gerado pelo álcool são parcialmente compreendidos. Determinadas concentrações de álcool causam aumento da permeabilidade da mucosa bucal, potencializando a penetração de carcinógenos. Além disso,é responsável por um aumento na proliferação epitelial, bem como pela modificação do seu processo de maturação.Outras alterações, como redução da capacidade de reparo de DNA, distúrbios do sistema imune e do estado nutricional podem contribuir na sua relação com o desenvolvimento do câncer bucal. O metabolismo do álcool aumenta a produção de radicais livres e diminui os mecanismos antioxidantes, levando ao estresse oxidativo. O polimorfismo genético das enzimas de degradação do álcool pode ser responsável pela diferença na sensibilidade individual. Algumas isoformas dessas enzimas permitem o acúmulo de metabólitos tóxicos como o acetadeído,que pode causar dano ao DNA ou a outras estruturas celulares. A partir de uma revisão de literatura, esse trabalho tem como objetivo estabelecer uma relação entre os diferentes mecanismos da ação do álcool e a carcinogênese na cavidade oral.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/etiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Mucosa Bucal , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
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