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1.
Pharmacogenomics ; 22(18): 1185-1199, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783250

RESUMO

Aim: To identify novel genes associated with adverse effects of levonorgestrel (LNG) implants based on comparative whole-exome sequencing. Materials & methods: A cohort comprising 104 participants, including 52 controls and 52 women with LNG-related adverse effects, was recruited. Seven cases and eight controls were selected for whole-exome sequencing. We verified 13 single nucleotide variations (SNVs) related with integrin-mediated signaling pathway and cell proliferation using the MassARRAY platform. Results: Finally, we screened 49 cases and 52 controls for analyses. Two SNVs (rs7255721 and rs1042522) were located in ADAMTS10 and TP53, respectively, and significantly different between two groups. These two SNVs lead to changes in protein structure and physicochemical parameters. Conclusion: Here, we defined two pathogenic mutations related to adverse LNG effects.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and factors associated with early resumption of sexual intercourse among postnatal women in China. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study of 15 834 postpartum women from 60 hospitals in 15 different locations across China. Data were obtained from questionnaires administered to the participants. All dates were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA and two-level Cox multiple linear regression models. RESULTS: More than half of the participating women (55.9%) resumed sexual intercourse by 3 months postpartum. The independent variables associated with the postpartum resumption of sexual intercourse included sociodemographic characteristics (age, geographic location, educational attainment) and medical histories, including the previous abortion (incorporate with spontaneous and voluntary abortion) frequency, menstrual recovery, exclusive breastfeeding, and number of living children (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: More than half of the women in this study resumed sexual intercourse within 3 months postpartum. Women with a lower educational attainment and from the western regions of China were more likely to resume sexual intercourse earlier. Increasing age, delayed recovery of menses, and exclusive breastfeeding were associated with a delayed resumption of sexual intercourse. Women who had greater experience with abortion or the number of living children resumed sexual intercourse earlier than their counterparts.

3.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 11141-11147, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common causes of preventable harm for patients in hospitals. Nearly half of all VTE events was estimated to occur after surgical procedure. The Caprini risk score is the most extensively used risk assessment tool in predicting postoperative VTE, which is too complicate for surgeons to use properly in their clinical practice. METHODS: The CHAT-3 trial will be a prospective, multicenter, randomized, parallel-group trial, which is designed to identify patients at moderate or high risk of VTE after inguinal hernia surgery using the previously established three-factor model, and to use low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for VTE prevention, in comparison to the current routine assessment and practice used in those patients. Totally, 1,008 patients planned to undergo inguinal hernia surgery will be enrolled, with cluster randomization at 1:1 ratio into intervention arm and control arm. The primary outcomes are the accordance of perioperative VTE prophylaxis based on current guidelines and the rate of pharmacological prophylaxis for VTE. The secondary outcomes are the occurrences of perioperative VTE, major bleeding, mortality of patients after inguinal hernia surgery, and trend of D-dimer during the follow-up period. DISCUSSION: This study will create evidence that whether the administration based on a simple model is of efficacy and safety for VTE prophylaxis among Chinese patients underwent inguinal hernia surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The CHAT-3 trial (Trial registration number: ChiCTR2000033769).


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Tromboembolia Venosa , Adulto , China , Heparina de Baixo Peso Molecular , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle
4.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 22(12): 1668-1687, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553471

RESUMO

Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is induced by pathogens and confers protection against a broad range of pathogens. Several SAR signals have been characterized, but the nature of the other unknown signalling by small metabolites in SAR remains unclear. Glutathione (GSH) has long been implicated in the defence reaction against biotic stress. However, the mechanism that GSH increases plant tolerance against virus infection is not entirely known. Here, a combination of a chemical, virus-induced gene-silencing-based genetics approach, and transgenic technology was undertaken to investigate the role of GSH in plant viral resistance in Nicotiana benthamiana. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infection results in increasing the expression of GSH biosynthesis genes NbECS and NbGS, and GSH content. Silencing of NbECS or NbGS accelerated oxidative damage, increased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), compromised plant resistance to TMV, and suppressed the salicylic acid (SA)-mediated signalling pathway. Application of GSH or l-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (a GSH activator) alleviated oxidative damage, decreased accumulation of ROS, elevated plant local and systemic resistance, enhanced the SA-mediated signalling pathway, and increased the expression of ROS scavenging-related genes. However, treatment with buthionine sulfoximine (a GSH inhibitor) accelerated oxidative damage, elevated ROS accumulation, compromised plant systemic resistance, suppressed the SA-mediated signalling pathway, and reduced the expression of ROS-regulating genes. Overexpression of NbECS reduced oxidative damage, decreased accumulation of ROS, increased resistance to TMV, activated the SA-mediated signalling pathway, and increased the expression of the ROS scavenging-related genes. We present molecular evidence suggesting GSH is essential for both local and systemic resistance of N. benthamiana to TMV through a differential modulation of SA and ROS.

5.
Hepatology ; 74(5): 2508-2525, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: NAFLD is the most prevalent chronic liver disease without any Food and Drug Administration-approved pharmacological intervention in clinic. Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is one of the most attractive targets for NAFLD treatment because of its robust rate-limiting capacity to control hepatic de novo lipogenesis. However, the regulatory mechanisms of FASN in NAFLD and potential therapeutic strategies targeting FASN remain largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through a systematic interactomics analysis of FASN-complex proteins, we screened and identified sorting nexin 8 (SNX8) as a binding partner of FASN. SNX8 directly bound to FASN and promoted FASN ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation. We further demonstrated that SNX8 mediated FASN protein degradation by recruiting the E3 ligase tripartite motif containing 28 (TRIM28) and enhancing the TRIM28-FASN interaction. Notably, Snx8 interference in hepatocytes significantly deteriorated lipid accumulation in vitro, whereas SNX8 overexpression markedly blocked hepatocyte lipid deposition. Furthermore, the aggravating effect of Snx8 deletion on NAFLD was validated in vivo as hepatic steatosis and lipogenic pathways in the liver were significantly exacerbated in Snx8-knockout mice compared to wild-type controls. Consistently, hepatocyte-specific overexpression of Snx8 in vivo markedly suppressed high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFHC)-induced hepatic steatosis. Notably, the protective effect of SNX8 against NAFLD was largely dependent on FASN suppression. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that SNX8 is a key suppressor of NAFLD that promotes FASN proteasomal degradation. Targeting the SNX8-FASN axis is a promising strategy for NAFLD prevention and treatment.

6.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296331

RESUMO

Despite effective anticancer effects, the use of doxorubicin (Dox) is limited due to its side effects as cardiotoxicity. Corosolic acid (CRA) is a pentacyclic triterpene acid isolated from Lagerstroemia speciosa L. (Banaba) leaves, and it has also been shown to improve myocardial hypertrophy and myocardial infarction which expected to be used in clinical pharmaceuticals. The purpose of this study was to explore whether CRA can improve myocardial injury caused by Dox and to clarify potential mechanisms. C57 BL/6J mice and AMPKα2 knockout mice were given a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of Dox (5 mg/kg) every week for 4 weeks, while normal saline (NS) was used as control. Mice were given CRA (10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg) or equal volumes of normal saline daily after the first time i.p. injection of Dox. After 4 weeks, echocardiography, gravimetric, hemodynamic, histological, and biochemical analyses were conducted. After Dox injury, compared with the control group, CRA increased the survival rate of mice, improved the cardiac function, decreased the oxidative stress, and reduced the apoptosis. CRA may function by promoting transcription factor EB (TFEB) nuclear translocation and thus restoring autophagic flux. We also observed that CRA protected mitochondrial structure and function, which may benefit from oxidative stress reduction or TFEB activation. In vitro, the protective effect of CRA is reversed by TFEB deletion. Then, we evaluated the expression of AMPKα2/mTOR C1 signaling pathway, the main pathway of TFEB activation. In vivo and in vitro, CRA promoted TFEB nuclear translocation by activating AMPKα2/mTOR C1 signaling, while ablating AMPKα2 reversed these results and accompanied with a decrease in the ability of CRA to resist Dox-induced cardiotoxicity. Thus, we suggested that CRA activated TFEB in an AMPKα2-dependent manner to protect against Dox cardiotoxicity. This study confirms the role and mechanism of CRA in the treatment of Dox-induced cardiac injury. Dox-induced damage to autophagy includes autophagosomes maturation disorders and autophagolysosomes acidification defects, CRA restored autophagic flux, and promoted lysosomal degradation by activating TFEB in an AMPKα2-depended manner, stabilized mitochondrial function, ultimately protected against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(29): 34114-34123, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269044

RESUMO

Herein, a novel metal-organic framework (MOF) with a pillared-layer structure was rationally synthesized to initiate intermolecular atom-transfer radical addition (ATRA) via photoinduced electron transfer activation of haloalkanes. The MOF synthesized via the controllable pillared-layer method is of excellent visible-light absorption and high chemical stability. Photocatalytic experiments show the atom transfer of various alkyl halides (R-X, X = Cl/Br/I) onto diverse olefins was successfully achieved to produce functional ATRA products. The mechanism and experimental investigations reveal the prepared MOF serves as an efficient photocatalyst with strong reduction potential to activate haloalkane substrates via photoinduced electron transfer, generating a highly reactive alkyl radical to trigger the ATRA reaction. Key events in the ATRA reaction, including alkyl radical photogeneration as well as halide transfer, have been further regulated to achieve preferable photocatalytic performance with higher yields, shorter reaction time, and desirable cycling capability. It is notable that the work is the first report on photoinduced electron transfer activation of halides by a MOF photocatalyst for the ATRA reaction, providing a new blueprint for MOFs to develop photoinduced radical reactions.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 60(12): 8672-8681, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34100594

RESUMO

Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials are intriguing photocatalysts to trigger radical-mediated chemical transformations. We report herein the synthesis and characterization of a series of isomorphic MOFs which show a novel structure, wide visible-light absorption, high chemical stability, and specific redox potential. The prepared MOFs were explored for the photoinduced single-electron oxidation of thiol compounds, generating reactive thiyl radicals to afford thioethers via a convenient thiol-olefin reaction. Importantly, we provide a widely applicable strategy by combing a photoactive MOF with phosphine to modulate the generation of thiyl radical in the reaction, thereby producing a single product of the thioether without the formation of a disulfide byproduct due to the dimerization of thiyl radicals. The photocatalytic reaction takes advantage of this strategy, showing great generality where tens of thiols and olefins have been examined as coupling partners. In addition, the strategy has also been demonstrated to be effective for the reactions catalyzed by other MOFs. Mechanism studies reveal that the selective synthesis of C-S products relies on a synergy between the photoinduced generation of a thiyl radical over the MOF and the in situ cleavage of S-S bond into a S-H bond by phosphine. It is notable that the synthesized MOFs show advanced performance in comparison with classical MOFs. The work not only provides a series of novel MOF photocatalysts that are capable of photoinduced thiol-olefin coupling but also indicates the great potential of MOFs for photochemical transformations mediated by reactive radicals.

9.
Zookeys ; 1036: 121-151, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040483

RESUMO

Nearly 450 Margattea specimens were collected from 27 locations in China and their morphology was examined. Then 68 Margattea COI sequences were obtained and used to carry out phylogenetic analyses as well as species delimitation analyses using General Mixed Yule Coalescent (GMYC), Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD), and Poisson Tree Processes (bPTP). GMYC analysis resulted in 21 molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs) (confidence interval: 20-22), which was completely consistent with the result of the bPTP. There were 15 MOTUs using the ABGD method. The number of MOTUs was slightly different from the assigned morphospecies (16). As to the incongruence between molecular and morphological results, we checked the specimens again and made sure that most morphological differences were determined to be intraspecific differences (except the difference between M. angusta and M. mckittrickae), although a large genetic distance existed. Finally, 16 Margattea species from China were defined in this study, of which, seven new species are established, i.e. Margattea deltodonta J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., Margattea cuspidata J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., Margattea caudata J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., Margattea paratransversa J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., Margattea disparilis J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., Margattea transversa J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov., and Margattea bicruris J-J He & Z-Q Wang, sp. nov.

10.
Zookeys ; 1021: 127-143, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727886

RESUMO

The genus Cyrtonotula Uvarov, 1939 (Blaberidae, Epilamprinae) is recorded for the first time from Hainan Island, China. Three new species, Cyrtonotula epunctata Wang & Wang, sp. nov., C. maculosa Wang & Wang, sp. nov., and C. longialata Wang & Wang, sp. nov., are described based on morphological data and a molecular analysis using Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD). Additional barcode data of blaberid species, including these three new species, are provided to facilitate future species identification. Morphological photographs and habitat photos of these new species, as well as a key to the known species, are provided.

11.
Oncol Lett ; 21(3): 194, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33574933

RESUMO

In recent years, among all patients with colorectal cancer, the proportion of young patients has been gradually increasing. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in colorectal cancer in the young are largely unknown. In the present study the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas datasets were integrated to elucidate the key gene biomarkers in these patients. The GSE41657 and GSE41258 datasets were downloaded from the GEO database. By screening for differentially expressed genes, Gene Ontology analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis, protein-protein interaction analysis, hub gene screening and survival analysis, two key genes, CXCL8 and VEGFA, which were enriched in cancer pathways, were obtained. Reverse transcription-quantitative (RT-q)PCR was performed to verify the outcome obtained by bioinformatics analysis. In conclusion, the present study identified two key genes using bioinformatics analysis and RT-qPCR validation. These results indicated that the candidate genes may be involved in the progression of colorectal cancer in young people, and these two genes may act as ideal prognostic indicators or therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer in the youth.

12.
Spine J ; 21(1): 160-177, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low-tension traction is more effective than high-tension traction in restoring the height and rehydration of a degenerated disc and to some extent the bony endplate. This might better reshape the microenvironment for disc regeneration and repair. However, the repair of the combination of endplate sclerosis, osteophyte formation, and even collapse leading to partial or nearly complete occlusion of the nutrient channel is greatly limited. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) combined with low tension traction for regeneration and repair of moderately and severely degenerated discs; to explore the possible mechanism of action. STUDY DESIGN: Animal study of a rat model of degenerated discs. METHODS: A total of thirty-five 6-month old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of five groups (n=7, each group). In Group A (model group), caudal vertebrae were immobilized using a custom-made external device to fix four caudal vertebrae (Co7-Co10) whereas Co8-Co9 underwent 4 weeks of compression to induce moderate disc degeneration. In Group B (experimental control group), as in Group A, disc degeneration was successfully induced after which the fixed device was removed for 8 weeks of self-recovery. The remaining three groups of rats represented the intervention Groups (C-E): after successful generation of disc degeneration in Group C (com - 4w/tra - 4w) and Group D (com - 4w/ESWT), as described for group A, low-tension traction (in-situ traction) or low-energy ESWT was administered for 4 weeks (ESWT parameters: intensity: 0.15 Mpa; frequency: 1 Hz; impact: 1,000 each time; once/week, 4 times in total); Group E (com - 4w/tra - 4w/ESWT): disc degeneration as described for group A, low-tension traction combined with low-energy ESWT was conducted (ESWT parameters as Group D). After experimentation, caudal vertebrae were harvested and disc height, T2 signal intensity, disc morphology, total glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content, gene expression, structure of the Co8-Co9 bony endplates and elastic moduli of the discs were measured. RESULTS: After continuous low-tension traction, low energy ESWT intervention or combined intervention, the degenerated discs effectively recovered their height and became rehydrated. However, the response in Group D was weaker than in the other intervention groups in terms of restoration of intervertebral disc (IVD) height, whereas Group E was superior in disc rehydration. Tissue regeneration was evident in Groups C to E using different interventions. No apparent tissue regeneration was observed in the experimental control group (Group B). The histological scores of the three intervention groups (Groups C-E) were lower than those of Groups A or B (p<.0001), and the scores of Groups C and E were significantly lower than those of Group D (p<.05), but not Group C versus Group E (p>.05). Compared with the intervention groups (Groups C-E), total GAG content of the nucleus pulposus (NP) in Group B did not increase significantly (p>.05). There was also no significant difference in the total GAG content between Groups A and B (p>.05). Of the three intervention groups, the recovery of NP GAG content was greatest in Group E. The expression of collagen I and II, and aggrecan in the annulus fibrosus (AF) was up-regulated (p<.05), whereas the expression of MMP-3, MMP-13, and ADAMTS-4 was down-regulated (p<.05). Of the groups, Group E displayed the greatest degree of regulation. The trend in regulation of gene expression in the NP was essentially consistent with that of the AF, of which Group E was the greatest. In the intervention groups (Groups C-E), compared with Group A, the pore structure of the bony endplate displayed clear changes. The number of pores in the endplate in Groups C to E was significantly higher than in Group A (p<.0001), among which Group C versus Group D (p=.9724), and Group C versus Group E (p=.0116). There was no significant difference between Groups A and B (p=.5261). In addition, the pore diameter also increased, the trend essentially the same as that of pore density. There was no significant difference between the three intervention groups (p=.7213). It is worth noting that, compared with Groups A and B, peripheral pore density and size in Groups D and E of the three intervention groups recovered significantly. The elastic modulus and diameter of collagen fibers in the AF and NP varied with the type of intervention. Low tension traction combined with ESWT resulted in the greatest impact on the diameter and modulus of collagen fibers. CONCLUSIONS: Low energy ESWT combined with low tension traction provided a more stable intervertebral environment for the regeneration and repair of moderate and severe degenerative discs. Low energy ESWT promoted the regeneration of disc matrix by reducing MMP-3, MMP-13, and ADAMTS-4 resulting in inhibition of collagen degradation. Although axial traction promoted the recovery of height and rehydration of the IVD, combined with low energy ESWT, the micro-nano structure of the bony endplate underwent positive reconstruction, tension in the annulus of the AF and nuclear stress of the NP declined, and the biomechanical microenvironment required for IVD regeneration and repair was reshaped.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Tração
13.
Contraception ; 103(3): 144-150, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of contraceptive use, unintended pregnancy, and induced abortions within 24 months postpartum in eastern, central, and western regions of China and in China overall. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study and selected women who delivered a live birth between 12 and 24 months before the survey at 60 hospitals in eastern, central, and western regions of China. We used structured questionnaires for data collection and applied life-table analyses to estimate the prevalence of contraception, unintended pregnancy, and abortions. We used clustered log-rank tests to compare trends and rate differences at each time interval between/among regions. RESULTS: A total of 19,939 postpartum women were contacted, and 18,045 (90.5%) of them agreed to be interviewed. The 6-, 12-, and 24-month rates for modern contraceptive methods were 62.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 58.9-66.4), 72.4% (95% CI 68.8-75.7), and 73.2% (95% CI 69.6-76.6), respectively. Condoms accounted for 79% of contraceptive initiators. The 6-, 12-, and 24-month rates were 1.4% (95% CI 1.2-1.7), 5.3% (95% CI 4.5--6.1), and 13.1% (95% CI 11.3-14.8) for unintended pregnancy; and 1.1% (95% CI 0.8-1.3), 4.0% (95% CI 3.4-4.6), and 10.4% (95% CI 8.9-11.8) for induced abortion, respectively. By 24 months postpartum, 3-quarters of unintended pregnancies ended in abortion. The 24-month rates of modern contraceptive methods (75.2% vs73.4%, 71.1%), unintended pregnancy (15.3% vs 11.1%, 12.6%), and induced abortion (11.8% vs 9.9%, 9.4%) were higher in the western region relative to the eastern or central regions. CONCLUSION: Postpartum contraception use was relatively high in China but dominated by less-effective methods, and these may contribute to higher risks of unintended pregnancy and induced abortion during the postpartum period. Use of long-acting reversible contraceptives and effective and reliable short-acting methods should thus be fostered in postpartum family planning services in China. IMPLICATIONS: A national postpartum family planning program is needed in China. Service providers should work on counselling postpartum women and their partners with respect to long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, and to effectively and reliably use short-acting methods during the postpartum period.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Gravidez não Planejada , China/epidemiologia , Anticoncepção , Comportamento Contraceptivo , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(7): 5176-5192, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33368294

RESUMO

TMEM173 has been reported to participate in endoplasmic reticulum stress, inflammation and immunology, all of which closely involved with cardiac hypertrophy. But its role in autophagy is not fully figured out. In our research, Tmem173 global knockout (KO) mice manifested more deteriorated hypertrophy, fibrosis, inflammatory infiltration and cardiac malfunction compared with wild type C57BL/6 mice after 6 weeks of transverse aortic constriction. And KO mice showed inhibited autophagosome degradation in myocardium observed under transmission electron microscope and in protein level. In in vitro experiments conducted in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes under phenylephrine treatment, the abundance of Tmem173 gene was negatively related to the abundance of LC3-Ⅱ and the number of red and yellow fluorescent dots, of which reflected the capacity of autophagosome degradation. These results indicated that TMEM173 might be a promoter of autophagic flux and protected against pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. It may serve as a potential therapeutic target for cardiac hypertrophy in the future.


Assuntos
Autofagia/fisiologia , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Cardiomegalia/prevenção & controle , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Fibrose/patologia , Fibrose/prevenção & controle , Inflamação/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
15.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 154(1): 169-178, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354778

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the level of protein in serum and uncover the underlying pathogenesis of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) associated with copper intrauterine devices (Cu IUD). METHODS: Protein profiles were investigated via tandem mass tag (TMT)-based quantitative proteomics and bioinformatics technology. Quantification and characterization of candidate proteins were further performed in 33 controls and 45 cases by Luminex assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In total, 842 proteins were identified via TMT coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in the serum of individuals with IUDs. Among them, 25 differentially expressed proteins (p < 0.05) were observed, including eight upregulated proteins and 17 downregulated proteins. Ten proteins were verified, and Alpha-1-Antitrypsin (a1AT) had a significantly elevated expression in women with AUB associated with the Cu IUD compared with healthy controls (p = 0.026) and a high area under the curve value (0.656), as well as sensitivity (64.9%) and specificity (71.9%). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to explore changes in serum protein and the underlying mechanisms of AUB associated with the Cu IUD via TMT technology. a1AT with biomarker potential was validated. These findings might provide an experimental basis for the early diagnosis or treatment of AUB associated with the Cu IUD.


Assuntos
Dispositivos Intrauterinos de Cobre/efeitos adversos , Proteômica/métodos , Hemorragia Uterina/sangue , Hemorragia Uterina/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Hazard Mater ; 403: 123651, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818834

RESUMO

Soilless culture experiments with tobacco were conducted to explore how the signal molecule H2S (0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2 µM) alleviated the toxicity of Cd2+ (50 mg/L). The results suggested that photosynthesis was enhanced as H2S improved the tobacco ΦPSII, ETR, Photo, Cond, and Tr, and that by increasing the NPQ, it consumed considerable amount of energy to enhance plant resistances during Cd2+ exposure. Furthermore, H2S increased the gene transcription of NtSOD3, NtPOD1, and CAT1, to enhance antioxidant enzyme activity, which reduces the generation of the reactive oxygen protective membrane integrity. Additionally, H2S increased the gene expression of the tobacco PC genes, Pr2 and Pr8 promoted the formation of the Cd2+ complexes and transportation to the vacuole, resulting in improved Cd-ATPase gene expression, away from organelles, to alleviate the Cd2+ poison. Furthermore, H2S regulated the relative absorption of K+ and Ca2+, which antagonized the Cd2+, and reduced its transportation to the aboveground plant material. Finally, the expression level of CaM increased with the application of H2S, and was highly correlated with the fitted results of a variety of resistance indicators, thereby indicating that H2S regulatory resistance mechanisms might be associated with Ca2+ signal transduction.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Antioxidantes , Cádmio/toxicidade , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Transdução de Sinais , Tabaco
17.
Front Comput Neurosci ; 14: 532193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304259

RESUMO

Acupuncturing the ST36 acupoint can evoke the response of the sensory nervous system, which is translated into output electrical signals in the spinal dorsal root. Neural response activities, especially synchronous spike events, evoked by different acupuncture manipulations have remarkable differences. In order to identify these network collaborative activities, we analyze the underlying spike correlation in the synchronous spike event. In this paper, we adopt a log-linear model to describe network response activities evoked by different acupuncture manipulations. Then the state-space model and Bayesian theory are used to estimate network spike correlations. Two sets of simulation data are used to test the effectiveness of the estimation algorithm and the model goodness-of-fit. In addition, simulation data are also used to analyze the relationship between spike correlations and synchronous spike events. Finally, we use this method to identify network spike correlations evoked by four different acupuncture manipulations. Results show that reinforcing manipulations (twirling reinforcing and lifting-thrusting reinforcing) can evoke the third-order spike correlation but reducing manipulations (twirling reducing and lifting-thrusting reducing) does not. This is the main reason why synchronous spikes evoked by reinforcing manipulations are more abundant than reducing manipulations.

18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 425, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32616028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage has a high-weight-bearing area and a low-weight-bearing area, the macroscopic elastic moduli of the two regions are different. Chondrocytes are affected by the applied force at the microscopic level. Currently, the modulus of the two areas at the micro and nano levels is unknown, and studies on the relationship between macro-, micro- and nano-scale elastic moduli are limited. Such information may be important for further understanding of cartilage mechanics. Moreover, the surface morphology, proteoglycan content, and micro and nano structure of the two areas, which influences the mechanical properties of cartilage should be discussed. METHODS: Safranin-O/Fast Green staining was used to evaluate the surface morphology and semi-quantify proteoglycan content of porcine femoral head cartilage between the two weight-bearing areas. The unconfined compression test was used to determine the macro elastic modulus. Atomic force microscope was used to measure the micro and nano compressive elastic modulus as well as the nano structure. Scanning electron microscope was employed to evaluate the micro structure. RESULTS: No significant differences in the fibrillation index were observed between two areas (P = 0.5512). The Safranin-O index of the high-weight-bearing area was significantly higher than that of the low-weight-bearing area (P = 0.0387). The compressive elastic modulus of the high-weight-bearing area at the macro and micro level was significantly higher than that of the low-weight-bearing area (P = 0.0411 for macro-scale, and P = 0.0001 for micro-scale), while no statistically significant differences were observed in the elastic modulus of collagen fibrils at the nano level (P = 0.8544). The density of the collagen fibers was significantly lower in the high-weight-bearing area (P = 0.0177). No significant differences were observed in the structure and diameter of the collagen fibers between the two areas (P = 0.7361). CONCLUSIONS: A higher proteoglycan content correlated with a higher compressive elastic modulus of the high-weight-bearing area at the micro level than that of the low-weight-bearing area, which was consistent with the trend observed from the macroscopic compressive elastic modulus. The weight-bearing level was not associated with the elastic modulus of individual collagen fibers and the diameter at the nano level. The micro structure of cartilage may influence the macro- and micro-scale elastic modulus.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Biofísica/métodos , Cartilagem Articular/ultraestrutura , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Animais , Condrócitos/ultraestrutura , Colágeno/química , Força Compressiva , Módulo de Elasticidade , Proteoglicanas/química , Estresse Mecânico , Suínos
19.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 12667, 2020 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728130

RESUMO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important postoperative complication. We investigated and analyzed the current inguinal hernia treatment methods and occurrence of early postoperative VTE in Chinese adults. This study involved data for patients with inguinal hernia hospitalized in 58 general hospitals in mainland China from January 1st, 2017 to December 31st, 2017. Data were retrospectively analyzed using a questionnaire. After data inputting and cleaning, we stratified and statistically analyzed patients' data using Caprini scores to create a high-, middle-, and low-risk group. A total of 14,322 patients with inguinal hernia were admitted to the 58 participating hospitals. After data collation and cleaning, 13,886 patients (97.0%) met our inclusion and exclusion criteria. The percentages of laparoscopic surgery and open surgery were 51.2% and 48.8%, respectively. 16 VTEs occurred during the hospitalization, accounting for 0.1% of all adverse events (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11-0.13). The incidence of VTE was 0.2% (95% CI 0.18-0.2) in the high-risk group and 0.02% (95% CI 0.01-0.03) in the middle-risk group, based on Caprini scoring, with a significant difference (p < 0.0001). No VTE occurred in the low-risk group. Only 3,250 (23.4%) patients underwent Caprini risk assessment regarding treatment, with 13.2% receiving any prevention and only 1.2% receiving appropriate prevention. The treatment of inguinal hernia in Chinese adults has progressed somewhat; however, the evaluation and prevention of perioperative VTE was seriously neglected, in our study, and the incidence of postoperative VTE was underestimated postoperatively. Risk factors continue to be inadequately considered.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Perioperatório , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios
20.
Mol Plant Pathol ; 21(9): 1212-1226, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713165

RESUMO

Alpha-momorcharin (α-MMC), a member of the plant ribosomal inactivating proteins (RIPs) family, has been proven to exhibit important biological properties in animals, including antiviral, antimicrobial, and antitumour activities. However, the mechanism by which α-MMC increases plant resistance to viral infections remains unclear. To study the effect of α-MMC on plant viral defence and how α-MMC increases plant resistance to viruses, recombinant DNA and transgenic technologies were employed to investigate the role of α-MMC in Nicotiana benthamiana resistance to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infection. Treatment with α-MMC produced through DNA recombinant technology or overexpression of α-MMC mediated by transgenic technology alleviated TMV-induced oxidative damage and reduced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during TMV-green fluorescent protein infection of N. benthamiana. There was a significant decrease in TMV replication in the upper leaves following local α-MMC treatment and in α-MMC-overexpressing plants relative to control plants. These results suggest that application or overexpression of α-MMC in N. benthamiana increases resistance to TMV infection. Finally, our results showed that overexpression of α-MMC up-regulated the expression of ROS scavenging-related genes. α-MMC confers resistance to TMV infection by means of modulating ROS homeostasis through controlling the expression of antioxidant enzyme-encoding genes. Overall, our study revealed a new crosstalk mechanism between α-MMC and ROS during resistance to viral infection and provides a framework to understand the molecular mechanisms of α-MMC in plant defence against viral pathogens.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Inativadoras de Ribossomos/metabolismo , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/fisiologia , Tabaco/imunologia , Expressão Gênica , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Proteínas Inativadoras de Ribossomos/genética , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/virologia
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