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Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4130, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511532


Increased levels of the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) are associated with higher risk of kidney disease progression and cardiovascular events, but underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. Here, we conduct trans-ethnic (n = 564,257) and European-ancestry specific meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies of UACR, including ancestry- and diabetes-specific analyses, and identify 68 UACR-associated loci. Genetic correlation analyses and risk score associations in an independent electronic medical records database (n = 192,868) reveal connections with proteinuria, hyperlipidemia, gout, and hypertension. Fine-mapping and trans-Omics analyses with gene expression in 47 tissues and plasma protein levels implicate genes potentially operating through differential expression in kidney (including TGFB1, MUC1, PRKCI, and OAF), and allow coupling of UACR associations to altered plasma OAF concentrations. Knockdown of OAF and PRKCI orthologs in Drosophila nephrocytes reduces albumin endocytosis. Silencing fly PRKCI further impairs slit diaphragm formation. These results generate a priority list of genes and pathways for translational research to reduce albuminuria.

Br J Ophthalmol ; 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401553


BACKGROUND/AIMS: In order to address the eye care needs of the increasing numbers of elderly Chinese globally, there is a need for comprehensive understanding on the longitudinal trends of age-related eye diseases among Chinese. We herein report the key findings from the baseline Singapore Chinese Eye Study (SCES-1), and describe the rationale and methodology of the 6-year follow-up study (SCES-2). METHODS: 3353 Chinese adults who participated in the baseline SCES-1 (2009-2011) were invited for the 6-year follow-up SCES-2 (2015-2017). Examination procedures for SCES-2 included standardised ocular, systemic examinations and questionnaires identical to SCES-1. SCES-2 further included new examinations such as optical coherence tomography angiography, and questionnaires to evaluate health impact and economic burden of eye diseases. RESULTS: In SCES-1, the age-adjusted prevalence of best-corrected low vision (VA<6/12, better-seeing eye) and blindness (VA<6/60, better-seeing eye) were 3.4% and 0.2%, respectively. The prevalence rates for glaucoma, age related macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy (among diabetics) were 3.2%, 6.8%, 26.2%, respectively. Of the 3033 eligible individuals from SCES-1, 2661 participated in SCES-2 (response rate=87.7%). Comparing with those who did not attend SCES-2, those attended were younger, had higher SES (all p<0.001), but less likely to be a current smoker, to have diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia (all p≤0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Building on SCES-1, SCES-2 will be one of the few longitudinal population-based eye studies to report incidence, progression, and risk factors of major age-related eye diseases. Findings from this cohort may offer new insights, and provide useful reference information for other Chinese populations elsewhere.

Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17921, 2017 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29263402


Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple loci associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) among predominantly Europeans. However, their relevance to multi-ethnic populations from Southeast Asia is largely unknown. We performed a meta-analysis of four GWAS comprising three Chinese studies and one Malay study (Total N = 2,169 CAD cases and 7,376 controls). Top hits (P < 5 × 10-8) were further evaluated in 291 CAD cases and 1,848 controls of Asian Indians. Using all datasets, we validated recently identified loci associated with CAD. The involvement of known canonical pathways in CAD was tested by Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. We identified a missense SNP (rs2075291, G > T, G185C) in APOA5 for CAD that reached robust genome-wide significance (Meta P = 7.09 × 10-10, OR = 1.636). Conditional probability analysis indicated that the association at rs2075291 was independent of previously reported index SNP rs964184 in APOA5. We further replicated 10 loci previously identified among predominantly Europeans (P: 1.33 × 10-7-0.047). Seven pathways (P: 1.10 × 10-5-0.019) were identified. We identified a missense SNP, rs2075291, in APOA5 associated with CAD at a genome-wide significance level and provided new insights into pathways contributing to the susceptibility to CAD in the multi-ethnic populations from Southeast Asia.

J Lipid Res ; 58(9): 1785-1796, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28698208


Disturbance in lipid metabolism has been suggested as a major pathogenic factor for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Conventional lipid measures have been inconsistently associated with AMD. Other factors that can alter lipid metabolism include lipoprotein phenotype and genetic mutations. We performed a case-control study to examine the association between lipoprotein profile and neovascular AMD (nAMD) and whether the cholesterylester transfer protein (CETP) D442G mutation modulates these associations. Patients with nAMD had significantly higher concentrations of HDL and IDL compared with controls. The increase in HDL particles in nAMD patients was driven by an excess of medium-sized particles. Concurrently, patients with nAMD also had lower Apo A-1, lower VLDL and chylomicron lipoprotein. Many of these associations showed a dose-dependent association between controls, early AMD cases, and nAMD cases. Adjustment for the presence of the D442G mutation at the CETP locus did not significantly alter the increased AMD risk associated with HDL particle concentration. AMD is associated with variation in many lipoprotein subclasses, including increased HDL and IDL particles and decreased Apo A-1, VLDL, and chylomicron particles. These data suggest widespread systemic disturbance in lipid metabolism in the pathogenesis of AMD, including possible alterations in lipoprotein carrier capacity.

Lipoproteínas/sangue , Degeneração Macular/sangue , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proteínas de Transferência de Ésteres de Colesterol/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/genética , Degeneração Macular/metabolismo , Masculino , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo Genético