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1.
Anim Genet ; 53(1): 101-107, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904261

RESUMO

Bird feathers are the product of interactions between natural and artificial selection. Feather-related traits are important for chicken selection and breeding. Frizzle feather is characterized by the abnormally development of feathers in chickens. In the current study, frizzle feather characteristics were observed in a local breed called Xiushui Yellow Chicken in Jiangxi, China. To determine the molecular mechanisms that underlie frizzle feather in Xiushui Yellow Chicken, four populations of three breeds (Xiushui Yellow Chicken with frizzle feathers, Xiushui Yellow Chicken with normal feathers, Guangfeng White-Ear Yellow Chicken, and Ningdu Yellow Chicken) were selected for whole-genome resequencing. Using a comparative genome strategy and genome-wide association study, a missense mutation (g.5281494A>G) and a 15-bp deletion (g.5285437-5285451delGATGCCGGCAGGACG) in KRT75L4 were identified as candidate mutations associated with frizzle feather in Xiushui Yellow Chicken. Based on genotyping performed in a large Xiushui Yellow Chicken population, the g.5285437-5285451delGATGCCGGCAGGACG mutation in KRT75L4 was confirmed as the putative causative mutation of frizzle feather. These results deepen the understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for frizzle feather, as well as facilitating the molecular detection and selection of the feather phenotype in Xiushui Yellow Chickens.

2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(45): 3724-3729, 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856700

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw fixation combined with midline lumbar fusion (MIDLF) for adjacent spondylopathy after posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in 16 patients, including 9 males and 7 females, with a mean age of (68±6) years, who underwent revision surgery for adjacent spondylopathy after posterior lumbar fusion surgery using CBT combined with MIDLF technology in Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University from May 2013 to August 2019. The reasons for revision were radiculalgia in 4 cases, intermittent claudication in 10 cases and protrusive dissociate in 2 cases. Eleven cases had 1 segment fused in the first operation, while the other 5 cases received fusion in 2 segments. The average interval time between the first operation and the revision operation was (7.5±2.0) years. For the levels underwent revision, 1 case was L2/3, 6 cases were L3/4, 7 cases were L4/5 and 2 cases were L5/S1. Before the operation, all the patients took X-rays scans of the thoracic and lumbar spine. CT and MRI scans were also performed. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, surgical complications, visual analog scale (VAS) of low back and leg pain before the operation and at each follow-up were all recorded. Oswestry disability index (ODI) questionnaire was used to evaluate the functional improvement of patients after the operation. Results: All operations were completed successfully. The operation time was 120-240 (170±30) mins, intraoperative bleeding was 100-280 (220±45) ml. One case had a slight split in the isthmus, and the screw was inserted smoothly after adjusting the insertion point. In one case, the cerebrospinal fluid leaked during the operation and was successfully treated with conservative methods including no pillow supine treatment and strengthened anti-infection. The average follow-up time was of (19.5±1.3) months. The VAS of low back pain was 2.9±1.7 before the operation and it was 1.8±0.5 at the last follow-up, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The VAS of leg pain was 5.9±1.5 before the operation and it was 1.5±0.4 at the last the follow-up (P<0.01). The ODI score was 34.5±3.2 preoperatively and it decreased to 12.6±4.2 at the last follow-up, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion: CBT technique combined with MIDLF for the adjacent-segment disease after posterior lumbar interbody fusion is minimally invasive and convenient, with good clinical effects. This technique can be used as an option for the revision of adjacent spondylopathy.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(22): 7044-7050, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Clinical evidence has proved that postinduction hypotension (PIH) is very prevalent in surgical patients undergoing general anesthesia, and commonly develops within 20 min after the induction of general anesthesia. However, the risk factors for PIH are not clear till now, therefore, a systematic review of current evidence was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and Web of Science were searched for articles published in English up to June 2021. The following search items were used: postinduction, postintubation, propofol induction, anesthesia induction, general anesthesia induction, hypotension, risk factor, general anesthesia, surgery. The articles were screened using the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the data from included studies were extracted and analyzed. RESULTS: Twelve studies were included. Seven studies reported the association between age and PIH, and six showed age was a risk factor. Five or three studies reported the association between mean arterial pressure (MAP) and PIH or between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and PIH, but the results were conflicting. Results from two studies regarding gender and PIH were conflicting. Two studies reported that weight was negatively correlated with PIH. Low baseline blood volume, emergency operation, long-term intake of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) were risk factors for PIH. One study showed that ASA III-V, propofol induction, and increasing fentanyl dosage were risk factors for PIH. CONCLUSIONS: Aging, ASA III-V, emergency operation, low baseline blood volume, long-term intake of ACEI/ARB, propofol induction, and increasing fentanyl dosage are potential risk factors for PIH, while body weight gain is a protective factor. Based on the current evidence, it is difficult to determine whether baseline blood pressure or gender is associated with the development of PIH.

4.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(12): 1079-1085, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923791

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the effect of peritoneum reconstruction on postoperative complications after laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer. Methods: Retrospective cohort study and propensity score matching were conducted. Case inclusion criteria: (1) pathologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma; (2) 18 to 80 years; (3) patients with middle to low rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic LAR; (4) patients staging cT1-4aN0-2M0 or ycT1-4aN0-2M0 after neoadjuvant therapy; (5) the distance of 4-10 cm from tumor low margin to anal verge. Exclusion criteria: (1) abdominal surgery history (except appendicitis, cholecystitis, ectopic pregnancy); (2) anastomosis above the peritoneal reflection; (3) tumor distant metastasis or clinical staging of T4b during surgery; (4) conversion to open surgery; (5) severe incapacitating disease (American Society of Anesthesiologists classification IV or V, ASA). A total of 666 patients with middle to low rectal cancer undergoing laparoscopic LAR in The First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2017 to June 2020 were enrolled. There were 473 males and 193 females with the median age of 59 (18-80) years. Laparoscopic LAR with peritoneum reconstruction was performed in 188 cases (PR group), and laparoscopic LAR without peritoneum reconstruction was performed in 478 cases (NPR group). After 1:1 propensity score matching according to 1:1 based on age, gender, body mass index, TNM staging, ASA classification, intraoperative blood loss, distance from tumor low margin to anal edge, 153 cases were included in each group. Postoperative complications were classified according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Anastomotic leakage was defined and graded according to the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer (ISGRC) criteria. Results: After propensity score matching, there were no significant differences in baseline demographic characteristics between the 2 groups (all P>0.05), indicating that these two groups were comparable. (1) Operative conditions: All the patients in both groups completed operation successfully. Compared with the NPR group, the PR group had longer operation time [(181.3±60.3) minutes vs. (168.9±51.5) minutes, t=2.185, P=0.029], shorter postoperative median hospital stay [8 (7, 10) days vs. 9 (7, 11) days, Z=-2.282, P=0.022], and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). (2) Postoperative complications: The overall morbidity of postoperative complication in PR group and NPR group was 20.3% (31/153) and 24.2% (37/153) respectively, and the incidence of anastomotic leakage was 9.8% (15/153) and 11.1%(17/153) respectively, whose differences were not statistically significant (both P>0.05). Compared with NPR group, PR group had lower morbidity of grade III to IV complications [3.9% (6/153) vs. 11.1% (17/153), χ(2)=5.688, P=0.017] and lower secondary operation rate [1.3% (2/153) vs. 5.9% (9/153), χ(2)=4.621, P=0.032], the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.05). Though PR group had lower incidence of grade C anastomoic leakage [1.3% (2/153) vs. 3.9% (6/153), χ(2)=2.054, P=0.152], but the differences were not statistically significant. (3) Postoperative inflammation: The difference of the procalcitonin level of both PR and NPR groups at postoperative 1-d, 3-d, and 5-d was statistically significant (F=5.222, P=0.010) in time-dependent manner, while the difference was not significant in the interaction effect (P>0.05). No statistically significant differences in the C-reactive protein level between two groups at postoperative 1-d, 3-d, and 5-d were found (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Peritoneum reconstruction in laparoscopic LAR can decrease the morbidity of postoperative complication of grade III to IV and the reoperation rate, and plays an important role in controlling the inflammatory reaction, which has great clinical value.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Anastomótica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peritônio , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34845565

RESUMO

Based on the well-known principle of selective photothermolysis, laser has been a promising way for the treatment of port wine stains (PWSs). The laser wavelengths used for PWS's clinical treatment include but are not limited to pulsed dye laser (PDL) in 585-600 nm, long-pulse 755-nm alexandrite, and 1064-nm Nd:YAG lasers. The objective of this study was to investigate the optimal wavelength for PWS's laser treatment. A two-scale mathematic model was constructed to simultaneously quantify macroscale laser energy attenuation in two-layered bulk skin and microscale local energy absorption on target blood vessels within Krogh unit. The effects of morphological parameters, including epidermal melanin content, epidermal thickness, dermal blood content, blood vessel depth, and diameter on laser energy deposition within target blood vessels, were investigated from the visible to near-infrared bands (500-1100 nm). The energy deposition ratio of target blood vessel to epidermal surface was proposed to determine the optimal laser wavelength for PWS with different skin morphological parameters. The bioheat transfer modeling and animal experiment are also conducted to prove our wavelength optimization. The optimal wavelengths for lightly pigmented skin with small and shallow target blood vessels are 580-610 nm in the visible band. This wavelength coincides with commercially used PDL. The optimal wavelength shifts to 940 nm as the epidermal pigmentation increases or the size and blood vessel depth increases. The optimal wavelength changes to 1005 nm as the epidermal pigmentation or the size and burying depth of target blood vessel further increases. Nine hundred forty nanometers can be selected as a general wavelength in PWS treatment to meet the need in most widely morphological structure. Lasers with wavelengths in the 580-610, 940, and 1005 nm regions are effective for treating PWS because of their high optical selectivity in blood over the epidermis.

7.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(12): 969-974, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839610

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the debulking strategy of lower extremity artery lesions. Methods: Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 101 patients underwent debulking therapy at Department of Vascular Surgery,Zhongshan Hospital,Fudan University from June 2019 to June 2020.There were 74 males and 27 females,aged (73.2±11.7)years (range:35 to 93 years).There were 31 cases in Rutherford class 3,39 cases in class 4 and 31 cases in class 5. Hypertension occurred in 72 patients. One hundred and forty lesions were treated in 101 patients. Among them, there were 13 lesions(9.3%) in iliac artery,72 lesions(51.4%) in superficial femoral artery,41 (29.3%) lesions in popliteal artery,10 lesions(7.1%) in tibiofibular trunk,and 4 lesions(2.9%) in below the knee artery.Percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) was mainly used in acute thrombosis,excimer laser ablation (ELA) was mainly used for chronic in-stent restenosis and chronic stenosis or totally occlusive lesions,while directional atherectomy (DA) was mainly used for short calcified lesions. Results: All of the patients underwent debulking therapy. Eighty-two lesions(58.6%,82/140) were treated by PMT, 56 (40.0%,56/140) were treated by ELA,and 2 (1.4%,2/140) were treated by DA.The ankle-brachial index of the patient was 0.44±0.19 before surgery, 0.87±0.17 immediately after surgery (t=-16.26, P<0.01), and 0.81±0.20 at 6 months after surgery(t=-14.67,P<0.01),and 0.79±0.15 (t=-14.12,P<0.01) at 12 months after surgery. At 12 months,the primary patency was 86.1% (87/101),mortality was 5.0% (5/101), freedom from major-amputation survival rate was 93.1% (94/101),and target lesion reintervention rate was 9.9% (10/101). Conclusions: Debulking is feasible and effective to eliminate the arterial contents and maximize the acquisition of lumen.Selection of suitable debulking methods for different segments and lesions would be helpful to improve the technical success and obtain satisfactory results.

8.
Int J Obstet Anesth ; : 103240, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34840017
9.
Nanotechnology ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763323

RESUMO

The electrode material is vital for the performance of the electrochemical biosensor. Lately, many nanomaterials have been developed to improve the sensitivity and detection efficiency of the biosensors. In this work, a kind of one-dimensional nanomaterials, the CuPt alloy nanotubes with an open end (CuPt alloy NTs-AOE), was explored. The nanotubes with an open end can provide a larger electrochemical active surface area and more active sites for the immobilization of enzyme. The CuPt alloy displays excellent conductivity and catalytic activity. In addition, the Cu shows the great affinity to thio-compounds, which can greatly enhance the detection efficiency and sensitivity. As a result, the prepared biosensor demonstrates the wider linear range of 9.98×10-10 - 9.98×10-5 g/L for fenitrothion and 9.94×10-11 - 9.94×10-4 g/L for dichlorvos (as model OPs ) and with the lower detection limit of 1.84 ×10-10 g/L and 6.31×10-12 g/L (S/N = 3), respectively. Besides, the biosensor has been used to detect the real samples and obtains satisfactory recoveries (95.58 % - 100.56 %).

10.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1203-1208, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794225

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors of breast cancer patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after mastectomy, and investigate the optimal treatment. Methods: A total of 201 breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy who were treated in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and the Fifth Medical Center Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 1998 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The median follow-up was 92.8 months and survival data were obtained. Results: Among 201 patients with ICWR, 103 patients developed subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR) and 5-year cumulative sLRR rate was 49.1%; 134 patients developed distant metastasis (DM) and 5-year DM rate was 64.4%; 103 patients died, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17.4 months and the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%; the median overall survival (OS) was 62.5 months and the 5-year OS rate was 52.1%. Multivariate analysis showed that the recurrence interval (HR=2.17, 95% CI: 1.26-3.73) and the locoregional treatment (HR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.05-2.40) were the independent prognostic factors for sLRR. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.60, 95% CI: 1.03-2.48) was the independent prognostic factor for DM. The recurrence interval (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.30-3.04), the locoregional treatment (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.43-2.76) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=1.70, 95% CI: 1.18-2.46) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.02-2.81), the recurrence interval (HR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.15-2.98) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.56-3.96) were the independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: Breast cancer patients after ICWR have an optimistic OS until now, but the risk of sLRR and DM is high. Comprehensive treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy improve the outcome of breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Parede Torácica , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Dent Res ; : 220345211049781, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34796773

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that periodontitis contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. However, few studies have examined the role of swallowing and saliva in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal diseases. Saliva contains an enormous number of oral bacteria and is swallowed directly into the intestine. Here, we explored the influence of periodontitis salivary microbiota on colonic inflammation and possible mechanisms in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. The salivary microbiota was collected from healthy individuals and those with periodontitis and gavaged to C57BL/6 mice. Periodontitis colitis was induced by DSS for 5 d and ligature for 1 wk. The degree of colon inflammation was evaluated through hematoxylin and eosin staining, ELISA, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immune parameters were measured with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence. The gut microbiota and metabolome analyses were performed via 16S rRNA gene sequencing and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Although no significant colitis-associated phenotypic changes were found under physiologic conditions, periodontitis salivary microbiota exacerbated colitis in a periodontitis colitis model after DSS induction. The immune response more closely resembled the pathology of ulcerative colitis, including aggravated macrophage M2 polarization and Th2 cell induction (T helper 2). Inflammatory bowel disease-associated microbiota, such as Blautia, Helicobacter, and Ruminococcus, were changed in DSS-induced colitis after periodontitis salivary microbiota gavage. Periodontitis salivary microbiota decreased unsaturated fatty acid levels and increased arachidonic acid metabolism in DSS-induced colitis, which was positively correlated with Aerococcus and Ruminococcus, suggesting the key role of these metabolic events and microbes in the exacerbating effect of periodontitis salivary microbiota on experimental colitis. Our study demonstrated that periodontitis contributes to the pathogenesis of colitis through the swallowing of salivary microbiota, confirming the role of periodontitis in systemic disease and providing new insights into the etiology of gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases.

12.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(10): 983-986, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814393

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prognosis-related factors and its predictive value in patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). Methods: Sixty-three cases with HBV-ACLF were enrolled. According to the prognosis of 4-weeks, patients were divided into survival and death group. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed on the clinical data of the two groups of patients to screen the risk factors affecting prognosis, evaluate its predictive value, and compare them with the MELD score, CTP score, and CLIFACLF score. The data were analyzed using t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ (2) test. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used for multiple risk factors. Results: There were 63 cases with HBV-ACLF, with 16 cases (25.40%) in the 4-week survival group, and 47 cases (74.60%) in the death group. The survival group age was 38.38 ± 14.50 years, which was significantly lower than the age of the death group 52.28 ± 12.51 years (P < 0.001). The survival group alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level was 91.21 (8.38 ~ 154.10)µg/L, which was significantly higher than the level of the death group [12.60 (5.70 ~ 33.80) µg/L, P = 0.039]. The survival group alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level was 925.65 (523.43 ~ 1 364.80) U/L, which was much higher than that of the death group [371.60 (117.30 ~ 895.30) U/L, P = 0.040]. The survival group serum sodium level was (136.59 ± 4.03) mmol /L, which was significantly higher than the level of the death group [(132.22 ± 6.37) mmol/L, P = 0.013]. The survival group ascites severity level was much lower than that of the death group (P = 0.008). The survival group creatinine level was 56.50(49.43 ~ 86.25) µmol/L, which was much lower than the level of the death group [86.20 (68.00 ~ 143.00) µmol/L, P = 0.003]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ascites (OR = 0.470, 95% CI: 0.226 ~ 0.977) and age (OR = 0.941, 95% CI: 0.888 ~ 0.996) were risk factors affecting the HBV-ACLF prognosis. The area under the curve predicted liver failure prognostic score for ascites and age was 0.821, and the sensitivity and specificity were 68.8% and 87.2%, which was higher than the area under the curve predicted by the MELD score, CTP score, and CLIFACLF score, respectively. Conclusion: Age and ascites can be used to predict the clinical outcome in patients with HBV-ACLF. Younger patients without ascites have a higher survival rate at 4-weeks, but older patients with ascites are more likely to have a lower survival rate.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/etiologia , Adulto , Hepatite B/complicações , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
13.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 513-519, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814422

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between self-rated health status and risk of stroke in Chinese adults. Methods: Data was collected from the Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance in China (2010) as baseline. A total of 60 follow-up monitors (25 urban and 35 rural) in 11 provinces were selected. A total of 36 195 participants without prior cardiovascular diseases were followed and investigated 27 441 people in 2016 and 2017. Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the self-assessed health status and stroke onset hazard ratio (HR), further conducted several subgroup analyses by demographic characteristics such as age and gender, and sensitivity analysis was performed by excluding death and baseline diabetes. Results: A total of 26 699 study subjects were included according to the inclusion criteria. We identified 1 332 stroke cases (32 subarachnoid hemorrhage, 197 cerebral hemorrhage, and 1 149 cerebral infarction) during an average of 6.4 years (171 431.1 person-years) of follow-up, and the incidence density was 7.77/1 000 person-years. After adjusting the related factors, the risk of stroke in participants with poor self-related health increased by 68% (HR=1.68, 95%CI:1.22-2.32) and the risk of ischemic stroke increased by 47% (HR=1.47, 95%CI:1.05-2.05), with a reference of excellent ones. In subgroup analysis, only age and BMI had an effect-modifying effect on the association between self-rated health and risk of stroke. Only age and dyslipidemia had an effect-modifying effect on the association between self-rated health and ischemic stroke risk (interaction P<0.05). The results of the sensitivity analysis were consistent with the results of the total population. Conclusion: People with poor self-assessed health, especially for those who were overweight/obesity with poor self-assessed health or age less than 60 or dyslipidemia are at increased risk of stroke and ischemic stroke and should be targeted for intervention.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(10): 1122-1131, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695905

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the long-term efficacy and prognostic factors of preoperative chemotherapy (PCT) or chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) combined with total mesorectal excision in locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: Clinical pathology data of 305 patients with localized advanced rectal cancer admitted to the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2006 to 2018 were collected, of whom 246 patients received PCRT (PCRT group), 59 patients received PCT (PCT group). Kaplan-Meier and Log rank test were used for the survival analysis, Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis, and the prognosis of two groups of patients were compared by the propensity score matching (PSM). Results: In the whole group of 305 patients, 20 cases of tumors located in the upper part of the rectum and at the junction of rectum and colon, 96 cases in the middle of the rectum and 189 cases in the lower part of the rectum. PCRT group included 38 cases of cT2-3 phase, 11 cases of cT4a stage, 10 cases of cT4b stage, while the cases in PCT group were 184, 0 and 62 cases, respectively, the difference is statistically significant (P<0.05). The R0 excision rates of PCRT group and PCT group were 100% (246/246) and 96.6% (57/59), respectively, and the total pathological remission rates were 13.4% and 3.3%, respectively (P<0.05). After PSM, the 3-year survival rates of PCRT group and the PCT group were 86.6% and 89.9% (P>0.05), respectively, and the progression-free survival rates were 74.6% and 77.2% (P>0.05), local recurring free survival rates were 100% and 92.3% (P>0.05), distant metastasis free survival rate were 75.6% and 77.3% (P>0.05). Pre-treatment N-positive, N-degeneration and MRF-positive were all associated with total survival (P<0.05). Conclusion: In the PCRT group, with a higher proportion of patients with stage T4b and lower rectal cancer, the long-term efficacy of PCRT was similar to that of PCT, and higher R0 excision rate and pathological complete response rate could be obtained.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Reto , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 628-634, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547867

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of ixazomib/lenalidomide/dexamethasone (IRd) in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: This study comprising 14 medical centers in China included patients with relapsed/refractory MM who received at least. Ixazomib at an initial oral dose of 4 mg was administered. Seven patients had dose adjustment to 3 mg at the time of first dose. The lenalidomide doses were adjusted according to creatinine clearance rate. The efficacy and safety were evaluated every cycle. Results: In the study cohort of 74 patients, the median age was 65 years and 11 (14.9% ) patients received over three lines of therapy. Overall response rate (ORR) was 54.1% (40/74) , and 7 (9.5% ) , 14 (18.9% ) , and 19 (25.7% ) patients achieved stringent complete response or complete response, very good partial response, and partial response, respectively. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 9.9 and 20 months, respectively. The median time to response was 1 month. The efficacy and survival outcome were similar to those reported in the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study. The ORR of patients refractory to bortezomib, lenalidomide, and bortezomib plus lenalidomide were 52.0% (13/25) , 57.1% (4/7) , and 33.3% (6/18) , respectively. The rate of grade 3-4 adverse events was 36.5% (27/74) . Common hematological toxicities were anemia, thrombocytopenia, lymphopenia, and neutropenia. Common non-hematological toxicities were fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, and infections. Two cases of grade 3 peripheral neuropathy were reported. The patients eligible for the Tourmaline-MM1 China Continuous Study had a higher ORR than the ineligible patients [77.8% (14/18) vs 46.4% (26/56) , P=0.020]. There was no difference in the rate of grade 3-4 adverse events [33.3% (6/18) vs 37.5% (21/56) , P=0.749]. Conclusion: The IRd regimen had good efficacy and acceptable toxicity in Chinese patients with relapsed/refractory MM.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Compostos de Boro , China , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Lenalidomida/uso terapêutico , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 053501, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243359

RESUMO

A toroidal soft x-ray array system for spectrum and intensity measurements on the EXL-50 spherical tokamak is described. Silicon drift detectors and digital multichannel analyzers are adopted for all 21 channels of the array, and an average energy resolution of 147 eV at 5.89 keV has been achieved at count rates over 500 kcps. In total, 20 channels of the array are symmetrically observed in both co- and counter-current directions on the EXL-50 mid-plane with a spatial resolution of around 10 cm, and the remaining one serves as a background reference channel. Tungsten emissions from tungsten coating of the limiters on the central post are observed. The influence of hard x rays on measured soft x-ray spectra and system operation is discussed.

18.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(4): 043513, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243380

RESUMO

A tangential hard x-ray (HXR) diagnostic on the newly constructed ENN XuanLong-50 (EXL-50) spherical tokamak for fast electron emission studies is presented. The HXR detection system consists of a symmetrical CdZnTe semiconductor detector array with a spectral sensitivity range of 20-300 keV. 25 channels have been designed on the 270° horizontal vacuum port with 12 sight lines to observe the forward emission, 12 sight lines to observe the backward emission of fast electrons, and 1 for viewing the central. Currently, ten channels have been in operation in the EXL-50 experiments. The systems are designed to measure the x-ray spectra for the estimation of fast electron temperature and electron velocity distribution in the EXL-50 experiment, which will be useful for understanding the dynamics of fast electrons generated by electron cyclotron resonance heating, for plasma instability and transport studies and for the analysis of plasma heating efficiency.

19.
Science ; 373(6553): 425-430, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261813

RESUMO

The Crab Nebula is a bright source of gamma rays powered by the Crab Pulsar's rotational energy through the formation and termination of a relativistic electron-positron wind. We report the detection of gamma rays from this source with energies from 5 × 10-4 to 1.1 peta-electron volts with a spectrum showing gradual steepening over three energy decades. The ultrahigh-energy photons imply the presence of a peta-electron volt electron accelerator (a pevatron) in the nebula, with an acceleration rate exceeding 15% of the theoretical limit. We constrain the pevatron's size between 0.025 and 0.1 parsecs and the magnetic field to ≈110 microgauss. The production rate of peta-electron volt electrons, 2.5 × 1036 ergs per second, constitutes 0.5% of the pulsar spin-down luminosity, although we cannot exclude a contribution of peta-electron volt protons to the production of the highest-energy gamma rays.

20.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(24): 241103, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213924

RESUMO

We report the discovery of an extended very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray source around the location of the middle-aged (207.8 kyr) pulsar PSR J0622+3749 with the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). The source is detected with a significance of 8.2σ for E>25 TeV assuming a Gaussian template. The best-fit location is (right ascension, declination) =(95.47°±0.11°,37.92°±0.09°), and the extension is 0.40°±0.07°. The energy spectrum can be described by a power-law spectrum with an index of -2.92±0.17_{stat}±0.02_{sys}. No clear extended multiwavelength counterpart of the LHAASO source has been found from the radio to sub-TeV bands. The LHAASO observations are consistent with the scenario that VHE electrons escaped from the pulsar, diffused in the interstellar medium, and scattered the interstellar radiation field. If interpreted as the pulsar halo scenario, the diffusion coefficient, inferred for electrons with median energies of ∼160 TeV, is consistent with those obtained from the extended halos around Geminga and Monogem and much smaller than that derived from cosmic ray secondaries. The LHAASO discovery of this source thus likely enriches the class of so-called pulsar halos and confirms that high-energy particles generally diffuse very slowly in the disturbed medium around pulsars.

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