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1.
Hematology ; 26(1): 919-930, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ferroptosis involves in the development and therapeutic response of various types of tumors. This study aims to explore ferroptosis-related prognostic genes that could further accurately stratify AML patients. METHODS: We investigated the prognosis significance of ferroptosis-related genes in AML by Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. With the methylation data of TCGA samples, we looked for methylation sites associated with prognostic genes and compared the correlation between methylation and mRNA expression. R software and 'edgeR' packages were used to identify the DEGs between the high-and-low-risk groups divided by the FRPGs prognosis model and then run GO enrichment, KEGG pathway, and PPI network. RESULTS: We found a prognostic risk model that included AKR1C2 and SOCS1 predicted outcomes in AML patients. Methylation analysis showed that AKR1C2 and SOCS1 are negatively regulated by their methylation, leading to their low expression in AML patients. Besides, both decreased SOCS1 expression and hypermethylation predicted favorable OS and PFS in AML patients. Finally, this prognostic risk model exhibited a close correlation with several clinical features, especially with age (P=0.005), cytogenetic type (P=0.031), risk_cytogenetic (P=0.001), and risk_molecular (P<0.001). Functional enrichment analysis showed that DEGs are most enriched in the regulation of cell death and the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: AKR1C2 and SOCS1 are promising biomarkers for predicting prognosis in patients with AML.

2.
Int J Lab Hematol ; 43(6): 1325-1333, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection correlates with MM features. This study aimed to identify MM prognostic biomarkers with potential association with COVID-19. METHODS: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in five MM data sets (GSE47552, GSE16558, GSE13591, GSE6477, and GSE39754) with the same expression trends were screened out. Functional enrichment analysis and the protein-protein interaction network were performed for all DEGs. Prognosis-associated DEGs were screened using the stepwise Cox regression analysis in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) MMRF-CoMMpass cohort and the GSE24080 data set. Prognosis-associated DEGs associated with COVID-19 infection in the GSE164805 data set were also identified. RESULTS: A total of 98 DEGs with the same expression trends in five data sets were identified, and 83 DEGs were included in the protein-protein interaction network. Cox regression analysis identified 16 DEGs were associated with MM prognosis in the TCGA cohort, and only the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C (COX6C) gene (HR = 1.717, 95% CI 1.231-2.428, p = .002) and the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing 2 (NOD2) gene (HR = 0.882, 95% CI 0.798-0.975, p = .014) were independent factors related to MM prognosis in the GSE24080 data set. Both of them were downregulated in patients with mild COVID-19 infection compared with controls but were upregulated in patients with severe COVID-19 compared with patients with mild illness. CONCLUSIONS: The NOD2 and COX6C genes might be used as prognostic biomarkers in MM. The two genes might be associated with the development of COVID-19 infection.


Assuntos
COVID-19/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortalidade , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Análise em Microsséries , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteína Adaptadora de Sinalização NOD2/genética , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética
3.
Cell Transplant ; 30: 9636897211041587, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606729

RESUMO

Non-small-cell lung cancer takes up the majority of lung carcinoma-caused deaths. It is reported that targeting PD-1/PD-L1, a well-known immune evasion checkpoint, can eradicate tumor. Checkpoint inhibitors, such as monoclonal antibodies, are actively employed in cancer treatment. Thus, this review aimed to assess the therapeutic and toxic effects of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in treatment of NSCLC. So far, 6 monoclonal antibodies blocking PD-1/PD-L1 interaction are identified and used in clinical trials and randomized controlled trials for NSCLC therapy. These antibody-based therapies for NSCLC were collected by using search engine PubMed, and articles about the assessment of adverse events were collected by using Google search. Route of administration and dosage are critical parameters for efficient immunotherapy. Although antibodies can improve overall survival and are expected to be target-specific, they can cause systemic adverse effects in the host. Targeting certain biomarkers can limit the toxicity of adverse effects of the antibody-mediated therapy. Clinical experts with knowledge of adverse effects (AEs) of checkpoint inhibitors can help manage and reduce mortalities associated with antibody-based therapy of NSCLC.

4.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 16(1): 139, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478000

RESUMO

The application of cells as carriers to encapsulate chemotherapy drugs is of great significance in antitumor therapy. The advantages of reducing systemic toxicity, enhancing targeting and enhancing the penetrability of drugs to tumor cells make it have great potential for clinical application in the future. Many studies and advances have been made in the encapsulation of drugs by using erythrocytes, white blood cells, platelets, immune cells and even tumor cells. The results showed that the antitumor effect of cell encapsulation chemotherapy drugs was better than that of single chemotherapy drugs. In recent years, the application of cell-based vectors in cancer has become diversified. Both chemotherapeutic drugs and photosensitizers can be encapsulated, so as to achieve multiple antitumor effects of chemotherapy, photothermal therapy and photodynamic therapy. A variety of ways of coordinated treatment can produce ideal results even in the face of multidrug-resistant and metastatic tumors. However, it is regrettable that this technology is only used in vitro for the time being. Standard answers have not yet been obtained for the preservation of drug-loaded cells and the safe way of infusion into human body. Therefore, the successful application of drug delivery technology in clinical still faces many challenges in the future. In this paper, we discuss the latest development of different cell-derived drug delivery systems and the challenges it will face in the future.

5.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(9): e478, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586722

RESUMO

Numerous reports have elucidated the important participation of exosomes in the communication between tumor cells and other cancer-related cells including tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in microenvironment. However, the interchange of exosomes between tumor cells and TAMs in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains largely enigmatic. Herein, we discovered that LUAD cells induced the M2 polarization of TAMs and the M2-polarized macrophages facilitated LUAD cell invasion and migration and tumor metastasis in vivo. In detail, LUAD cells secreted exosomes to transport miR-19b-3p into TAMs so that miR-19b-3p targeted PTPRD and inhibited the PTPRD-mediated dephosphorylation of STAT3 in TAMs, leading to STAT3 activation and M2 polarization. Also, the activated STAT3 transcriptionally induced LINC00273 in M2 macrophages and exosomal LINC00273 was transferred into LUAD cells. In LUAD cells, LINC00273 recruited NEDD4 to facilitate LATS2 ubiquitination and degradation, so that the Hippo pathway was inactivated and YAP induced the transcription of RBMX. RBMX bound to miR-19b-3p to facilitate the packaging of miR-19b-3p into LUAD cell-derived exosomes. Collectively, our results revealed the mechanism underlying the interactive communication between LUAD cells and TAMs through elucidating the exchange of exosomal miR-19b-3p and LINC00273 and proved the prometastatic effect of the interchange between two cells. These discoveries opened a new vision for developing LUAD treatment.

6.
Transfus Apher Sci ; : 103225, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384720

RESUMO

Most patients develop coma several days after the onset of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) caused by microvascular occlusion. However, aggravated coma as the first symptom of TTP has rarely been reported. Although plasma exchange (PEX) and steroids have reduced mortality, the prognosis of patients with TTP is still poor. We reported a patient with refractory TTP presenting with aggravated coma on admission. After days of successful PEX, rituximab, and glucocorticoid therapy for clinical remission, the patient regained consciousness and returned to his normal life with a good outcome. Our case highlights that TTP should be considered when coma occurs as the first symptom.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1308-1311, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type-I/II infection among voluntary blood donors in Jiangsu (Nanjing, Suzhou, Xuzhou). METHODS: From 2016 to 2019, 408 262 samples of voluntary blood donors from four blood stations in Jiangsu Province (Jiangsu Province Blood Center, Nanjing Red Cross Blood Center, Suzhou Central Blood Station, and Xuzhou Central Blood Station) were screened for HTLV-I/II antibody by ELISA. The positive samples were sent to National Center for Clinical Laboratories for confirmation by RT-PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: The positive rate of HTLV-I/II screened by ELISA was 0.20‰ (82/408 262), and three HTLV-I positive samples were confirmed. The prevalence of HTLV-1 infection was 0.74 per 100 000 (3/408 262). All three donors were female repeated blood donors of childbearing ages. CONCLUSION: Jiangsu is a low prevalence area of HTLV, and a reasonable blood screening strategy for HTLV can further reduce the risk of transfusion-transmitted virus infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HTLV-II , Vírus Linfotrópico T Tipo 1 Humano , Doadores de Sangue , Feminino , Infecções por HTLV-II/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Linfócitos T
8.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(19): 9199-9213, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34431227

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) colon cancer associated transcript 1 (CCAT1) has been identified as an oncogene in many cancers, but its role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains to be further investigated. We identified the upregulation of CCAT1 in LUAD tissues and LUAD cells. Through RNA pull-down and mass spectrometry analysis, we obtained the interacting proteins with CCAT1 and discovered their functional relation with 'signal transduction', 'energy pathways' and 'metabolism' and revealed the potential of CCAT1 on fatty acid (FA) metabolism. For mechanism exploration, we uncovered the mediation of CCAT1 on the translocation of fatty acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) into nucleus by confirming their interaction and localization. Also, CCAT1 was discovered to promote the formation of the transcription complex by RXR and PPARγ so as to activate the transcription of CD36, PDK1 and VEGFA. Moreover, we found that CCAT1 regulated the activity of AKT by promoting the ubiquitination of FKBP51 through binding with USP49. Subsequently, cell function assays revealed the enhancement of CCAT1 on LUAD cell proliferation and angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, CCAT1 regulated cell proliferation and angiogenesis through regulating FA metabolism in LUAD, providing a novel target for LUAD treatment.

9.
Hematology ; 26(1): 453-459, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34165034

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant disease with abnormal proliferation of clonal plasma cells. Hypoxia is an important factor in the pathogenesis and development of MM. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. MATERIAL & METHODS: To determine hub genes related to hypoxia in MM, this study took integrated bioinformatics analysis with two expression datasets (GSE80140 and GSE80545) downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were filtrated under the condition of both p-value < 0.05 and [log2FoldChange (log2FC)] > 1. Then, gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes enrichment (KEGG) analysis, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction were utilized to further explore these DEGs. PrognoScan evaluated all the candidate hub genes for survival analysis. RESULTS: In total, three hub genes, including FH, TSTA3, and POLR3G, were screened out to be related to hypoxia in MM. Patients with the lower expression level of FH, TSTA3, and POLR3G have statistically significantly longer disease- specific survival (Cox p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: We identified FH, TSTA3, and POLR3G as hub genes which can affect MM patients'outcome and new biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of MM. Further functional and mechanistic studies are need to develop in order to make them as potential target for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Carboidratos Epimerases/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Genômica , Humanos , Cetona Oxirredutases/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , RNA Polimerase III/genética , Transcriptoma
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(8): 2069-2079, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131406

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed and the most lethal cancer in females both in China and worldwide. Currently, the origin of cancer stem cells, the heterogeneity of cancer cells, the mechanism of cancer metastasis and drug resistance are the most important issues that need to be addressed. Chinese investigators have recently made new discoveries in basic breast cancer researches, especially regarding cancer stem cells, cancer metabolism, and microenvironments. These efforts have led to a deeper understanding of drug resistance and metastasis and have also indicated new biomarkers and therapeutic targets. These findings emphasized the importance of the cancer stem cells for targeted therapy. In this review, we summarized the latest important findings in this field in China.

11.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 216, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The third-generation epithelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) have shown significant therapeutic effects on patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) who carry active EGFR mutations, as well as those who have developed acquired resistance to the first-generation of EGFR-TKIs due to the T790M mutation. However, most patients develop drug resistance after 8-10 months of treatment. Currently, the mechanism has not been well clarified, and new therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. METHODS: Osimertinib resistant cell lines were established by culturing sensitive cells in chronically increasing doses of osimertinib. The anticancer effect of reagents was examined both in vitro and in vivo using the sulforhodamine B assay and a xenograft mouse model. The molecular signals were detected by western blotting. The combination effect was analyzed using CompuSyn software. RESULTS: We found that bromodomain and extra-terminal proteins (BETs) were upregulated in osimertinib resistant (H1975-OR) cells compared with those in the paired parental cells (H1975-P), and that knockdown of BETs significantly inhibited the growth of H1975-OR cells. The BET inhibitor JQ1 also exhibited stronger growth-inhibitory effects on H1975-OR cells and a greater expression of BETs and the downstream effector c-Myc than were observed in H1975-P cells. The histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) showed stronger growth suppression in H1975-OR cells than in H1975-P cells, but vorinostat, another HDAC inhibitor, showed equal inhibitory efficacy in both cell types. Consistently, downregulation of BET and c-Myc expression was greater with TSA than with vorinostat. TSA restrained the growth of H1975-OR and H1975-P xenograft tumors. The combination of TSA and JQ1 showed synergistic growth-inhibitory effects in parallel with decreased BET and c-Myc expression in both H1975-OR and H1975-P cells and in xenograft nude mouse models. BETs were not upregulated in osimertinib resistant HCC827 cells compared with parental cells, while TSA and vorinostat exhibited equal inhibitory effects on both cell types. CONCLUSION: Upregulation of BETs contributed to the osimertinib resistance of H1975 cells. TSA downregulated BET expression and enhanced the growth inhibitory effect of JQ1 both in vitro and in vivo. Our findings provided new strategies for the treatment of osimertinib resistance.

12.
Transl Oncol ; 14(5): 101052, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667891

RESUMO

Circulating cancer cells (CTCs) can serve as a non-invasive liquid biopsy and provide opportunities for early cancer diagnosis and evaluation. However, the value of CTCs for diagnosis or prognosis of small pulmonary nodules (SPNs) is unclear. Fifty-three patients diagnosed with SPNs with a diameter less than 30 mm by CT examination were enrolled in the study. The CTC numbers, CT examination features, serum tumor marker concentrations, and histopathological characteristics were analyzed. Centromere probe 8 (CEP8) was used as a marker for CTC identification. The CTC numbers were significantly different in patients with malignant and benign SPNs and with early (0/Ⅰa) and advanced (Ⅰb/Ⅱ/Ⅲ) lung cancer stages. ROC analysis showed that the CTC numbers was effective on malignant SNP diagnosis. The combined use of CTCs and the density features of the nodules determined by CT further improved the overall screening, the diagnostic effectiveness for malignant SNPs, and determination of the pTNM (≤Ia vs.>Ia) stage. The CT morphology revealed that large, single, and solid SPNs were associated with significant CTC numbers and the CTC numbers were correlated with malignant histopathology. Using CEP8 as a marker resulted in detection of more CTC numbers in 22 patient samples triple stained for CEP8, EpCAM, and CKs. The CTCs determined by CEP8-positive staining could serve as potential screening and diagnostic markers for malignant SPNs.

13.
Oncol Lett ; 21(4): 318, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692850

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an opportunistic virus, whereby recipients are most susceptible following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). With the development of novel immunosuppressive agents and antiviral drugs, accompanied with the widespread application of prophylaxis and preemptive treatment, significant developments have been made in transplant recipients with human (H)CMV infection. However, HCMV remains an important cause of short- and long-term morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. The present review summarizes the molecular mechanism and risk factors of HCMV reactivation following allo-HSCT, the diagnosis of CMV infection following allo-HSCT, prophylaxis and treatment of HCMV infection, and future perspectives. All relevant literature were retrieved from PubMed and have been reviewed.

14.
Wound Repair Regen ; 29(3): 370-379, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749992

RESUMO

Human platelets play important roles in several physiologic and pathologic processes. Platelet concentrates are activated with thrombin or calcium, resulting in a viscous coagulum (platelet gel [PG]), composed of 95% platelets at least. PG is increasingly used for the treatment of a variety of soft and hard tissue defects, most notably in the management of chronic non-healing wounds. During wound healing, platelets not only play a critical role in primary hemostasis and thrombosis, but also release growth factors and cytokines to promote tissue regeneration, enhance collagen synthesis, and trigger an immune response. This review addresses a variety of aspects relevant to the functions of well-known platelet growth factors, animal and clinical studies of PG in the last decade, and different sources of platelets for PG. PG is used for non-healing chronic wounds, such as oral ulcerations related to epidermolysis bullosa and chronic graft-versus-host disease, for those, the traditional treatment effect is poor. PG maybe provide a new therapeutic direction for these diseases. Nevertheless, some uncertainty is present, the number of clinical studies is not enough. Hence, randomized controlled trials are still required to study the potential of the use of PG in the near future.

15.
Bosn J Basic Med Sci ; 21(5): 528-534, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33714259

RESUMO

The WD40 repeat (WDR) domain is one of the most abundant protein interaction domains in the human proteome. More than 360 protein interaction domains have been annotated thus far. The WDR domains mediate interactions with peptide regions of important interaction partners in a variety of biological processes. Proteins with the WDR domain which typically contains a seven-bladed ß propeller, are continuously being discovered. They represent a large class of proteins that are likely to play important roles. WD40 repeat domain-containing protein 76 (WDR76) is a member of WDR domain-containing proteins. Although it remains poorly understood, it is potentially involved in DNA damage repair, apoptosis, cell cycle progression, and gene expression regulation. Ongoing research on WDR76 is increasing the knowledge regarding its basic functions and role in different pathophysiological. The study of WDR76 is challenging due to the complexity of its interactions with its partners. In the present review, we summarized the current knowledge regarding WDR76, its physiological functions, the close relationship with human diseases, and potential opportunities for target therapy.

16.
Invest New Drugs ; 39(5): 1383-1388, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754235

RESUMO

Background To investigate the clinical efficiency of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods This retrospective study enrolled 177 HCC patients, and they were divided into TACE monotherapy group (n = 129) and TACE + RFA group (n = 48) between January 2015 and October 2017. The objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and the survival outcomes were compared between the TACE monotherapy and the treatment of TACE + RFA after propensity score matching (PSM). Results After PSM matching, the confounding factors had no significant differences between the 48 pairs of patients. The DCR was calculated as 33 (69 %) and 42 (88 %) for the TACE monotherapy group and TACE + RFA group, respectively (P < 0.05). And the ORR was calculated as 23 (48 %) and 35 (73 %), respectively (P < 0.05). Moreover, the PFS rate of the TACE + RFA group was significantly higher than the TACE alone group (P < 0.001). Conclusions The treatment of TACE combined with RFA has better tumor response rate and survival rate than the TACE monotherapy for patients with advanced HCC.

17.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 30(1): 150-157, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The death of a child is a traumatic life event that may influence mortality in patients with cancer. Only a few studies investigated this association and their findings have been mixed. We analyzed whether the death of a child is associated with mortality in patients with cancer. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 371,673 parents who were diagnosed with cancer in Sweden during 1973 to 2014 by linking several population-based registers. We analyzed the association between the death of a child after the diagnosis of cancer and mortality using Cox proportional hazards models with time-varying exposure. RESULTS: The death of a child was associated with an increased risk of mortality [HR, 1.27; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.17-1.39]. The association was present not only in case of children's death due to cancer or other natural deaths, but also in case of unnatural deaths. Mortality was increased only in the long-term follow-up period (HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.29-1.56), but not in the short-term (HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.78-1.15). The association was most pronounced following loss of an adult child and for patients with reproductive cancers. CONCLUSIONS: Death of a child is associated with increased risks of overall and long-term mortality in patients with cancer. The findings that the association was present not only in case of natural but also in case of unnatural deaths suggests that stress-related mechanisms may also operate. IMPACT: Our findings highlight the importance of psychosocial support for patients with cancer experiencing severe stress.

18.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179095

RESUMO

Platelets are small pieces of cytoplasm that have become detached from the cytoplasm of mature megakaryocytes (MKs) in the bone marrow. Platelets modulate vascular system integrity and serve important role, particularly in hemostasis. With the rapid development of clinical medicine, the demand for platelet transfusion as a life­saving intervention increases continuously. Stem cell technology appears to be highly promising for transfusion medicine, and the generation of platelets from stem cells would be of great value in the clinical setting. Furthermore, several studies have been undertaken to investigate the potential of producing platelets from stem cells. Initial success has been achieved in terms of the yields and function of platelets generated from stem cells. However, the requirements of clinical practice remain unmet. The aim of the present review was to focus on several sources of stem cells and factors that induce MK differentiation. Updated information on current research into the genetic regulation of megakaryocytopoiesis and platelet generation was summarized. Additionally, advanced strategies of platelet generation were reviewed and the progress made in this field was discussed.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/citologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultura/química , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Trombopoese
19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 1912-1918, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients, and to explore the high risk factors of refractory and relapsed patients. METHODS: The clinical data of 72 patients with de novo DLBCL from December 2012 to December 2018 in the Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University were retrospectively analyzed. The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH was analyzed, and survival analysis was conducted to explore the risk factors influencing refractory recurrence. RESULTS: 45 cases among 72 patients achieved complete remission (CR), 11 cases achieved partial remission (PR), the total remission rate was 77.78%. 25 cases (34.2%) refractory and relapsed. Single factor analysis showed that the B symptoms, low Hb, high NLR, low MLR, high ß2-MG, high ESR, high hs-CRP, high LDH, low ALB, low HDL were high risk factors of refractory and relapsed DLBCL. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed B symptoms, low Hb, high ß2-MG, high ESR, and high hs-CRP were significantly related with refractory relapse. Survival analysis showed that OS of refractory and relapsed group was significantly worse than that in remission group. In addition, OS of patients with B symptoms, anemia, low LMR, high ß2-MG, high hs-CRP, high LDH, low ALB and low HDL was significantly worse than that of control group. CONCLUSION: The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen is high, but about one third of the patients still show refractory and relapsed. B Symptoms, anemia, high ß2-MG, ESR and hs-CRP are the independent prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina
20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(6): 1946-1951, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the non-genetic factors of overall survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: Kaplan-Meier survival curve, Log-rank test and Cox regression model were used to carry out univariate and multivariate retrospective analysis on clinical and laboratory parameters of 51 patients who were newly diagnosed with MM and had complete follow-up data in the Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Jiangning Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2011 to October 2019. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients included 29 males and 22 females. Followed up to December 2019, 21 cases died and 30 cases survived. The univariate analysis showed that the overall survival time of the patients was influenced by age, disease stage, standard treatment, new drugs, maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia, globulin, albumin, and hemoglobin. The overall survival time of patients with age <65 years old, ISS stage I and II, standardized treatment, new drugs, normal or below normal blood calcium, normal or below normal globulin, albumin ≥35 g/L or hemoglobin ≥100 g/L was prolonged significantly (P<0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that maintenance treatment, hypercalcemia (≥2.6 mmol/L), and hemoglobin (<100 g/L) were independent risk factors influencing the prognosis of MM patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with blood calcium ≥2.6 mmol/L, hemoglobin <100 g/L, and who do not undergo regular maintenance therapy show a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Pacientes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
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