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1.
Photosynth Res ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900791

RESUMO

Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), belonging to genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae, is a severe pathogen of several agricultural important crops, mainly sugarcane. Due to complex nature of sugarcane, the effect of SCMV pathogenicity on sugarcane photosynthetic systems remains to be explored. In this study, we investigated the alterations occurring in the photosynthetic system in the sugarcane genotypes at the cytopathological, physiological and biological, transcriptome and proteome level. We generated the transcriptome assembly of two genotypes (susceptible Badila and resistant B-48) using Saccharum spontaneum L. as a reference genome. RNA-sequencing data revealed the significant upregulation of NAD(P)H, RubisCO, oxygen-evolving complex, chlorophyll a and b binding protein, Psb protein family, PSI reaction center subunit II, and IVgenes in B-48, as compared to its counterparts. Upregulated genes in B-48 are associated with various processes such as stability and assembly of photosystem, protection against photoinhibition and antiviral defense. The expression pattern of differentially abundant genes were further verified at the proteomics level. Overall, differentially expressed genes/proteins (DEGs/DEPs) showed the consistency of expression at both transcriptome and proteome level in B-48 genotype. Comprehensively, these data supported the efficiency of B-48 genotype under virus infection conditions and provided a better understanding of the expression pattern of photosynthesis-related genes in sugarcane.

2.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2115, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552011

RESUMO

The sugarcane smut fungus Sporisorium scitamineum is bipolar and produces sporidia of two different mating types. During infection, haploid cells of opposite mating types can fuse to form dikaryotic hyphae that can colonize plant tissue. Mating and filamentation are therefore essential for S. scitamineum pathogenesis. In this study, we obtained one T-DNA insertion mutant disrupted in the gene encoding the pheromone response factor (Prf1), hereinafter named SsPRF1, of S. scitamineum, via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT) mutagenesis. Targeted deletion of SsPRF1 resulted in mutants with phenotypes similar to the T-DNA insertion mutant, including failure to mate with a compatible wild-type partner strain and being non-pathogenic on its host sugarcane. qRT-PCR analyses showed that SsPRF1 was essential for the transcription of pheromone-responsive mating type genes of the a1 locus. These results show that SsPRF1 is involved in mating and pathogenicity and plays a key role in pheromone signaling and filamentous growth in S. scitamineum.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31443046

RESUMO

The dysregulation and mutation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proved to result in a variety of human diseases. Identifying potential disease-related lncRNAs may benefit disease diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. A number of methods have been proposed to predict the potential lncRNA-disease relationships. However, most of them may give rise to incorrect results due to relying on single similarity measure. This article proposes a novel framework (ILDMSF) by fusing the lncRNA similarities and disease similarities, which are measured by lncRNA-related gene and known lncRNA-disease interaction and disease semantic interaction, and known lncRNA-disease interaction, respectively. Further, the support vector machine is employed to identify the potential lncRNA-disease associations based on the integrated similarity. The leave-one-out cross validation is performed to compare ILDMSF with other state of the art methods. The experimental results demonstrate our method is prospective in exploring potential correlations between lncRNA and disease.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355148

RESUMO

Autophagy is a degradation system in the cell, involved in the turnover of cellular components, development, differentiation, immune responses, protection against pathogens, and cell death. Autophagy is induced by nutrient starvation, in which cytoplasmic components and organelles are digested via vacuoles/lysosomes. In this study, by using electron microscopy, we observed that hypovirus CHV1-EP713 infection of Cryphonectria parasitica, the causative agent of chestnut blight disease, caused proliferation of autophagic-like vesicles. This phenomenon could be mimicked by treating the wild-type strain of the fungus EP155 with the autophagy induction drug rapamycin. Some of the hypovirulence-associated traits, including reduced pigmentation and conidiation, were also observed in the rapamycin-treated EP155. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) revealed that genes involved in autophagy were up-regulated in expression. Deletion of cpatg8, a gene encoding a homolog of ATG8 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, resulted in attenuation of virulence and reduction in sporulation, as well as accumulation of the double-stranded viral RNA. Furthermore, virus-encoded p29 protein was found to co-localize with CpATG8, implying that the viral protein may interfere with the function of CpATG8. Taken together, these findings show that cpatg8 can be regulated by the hypovirus and is required for virulence and development of the fungus and accumulation of viral dsRNA in chestnut blight fungus.

5.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 976, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134021

RESUMO

The basidiomycetous fungus Sporisorium scitamineum causes a serious sugarcane smut disease in major sugarcane growing areas. Sexual mating is essential for infection to the host; however, its underlying molecular mechanism has not been fully studied. In this study, we identified a conserved farnesyltransferase (FTase) ß subunit Ram1 in S. scitamineum. The ram1Δ mutant displayed significantly reduced mating/filamentation, thus of weak pathogenicity to the host cane. The ram1Δ mutant sporidia showed more tolerant toward cell wall stressor Congo red compared to that of the wild-type. Transcriptional profiling showed that Congo red treatment resulted in notable up-regulation of the core genes involving in cell wall integrity pathway in ram1Δ sporidia compared with that of WT, indicating that Ram1 may be involved in cell wall integrity regulation. In yeast the heterodimeric FTase is responsible for post-translational modification of Ras (small G protein) and a-factor (pheromone). We also identified and characterized two conserved Ras proteins, Ras1 and Ras2, respectively, and a MAT-1 pheromone precursor Mfa1. The ras1Δ, ras2Δ and mfa1Δ mutants all displayed reduced mating/filamentation similar as the ram1Δ mutant. However, both ras1Δ and ras2Δ mutants were hypersensitive to Congo red while the mfa1Δ mutant was the same as wild-type. Overall our study displayed that RAM1 plays an essential role in S. scitamineum mating/filamentation, pathogenicity, and cell wall stability.

6.
Phytopathology ; 109(8): 1417-1424, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30860430

RESUMO

The vacuolar H+-ATPases (V-ATPases) are conserved ATP-dependent proton pumps that acidify intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. The role of Cpvma1, a V-ATPase catalytic subunit A of Cryphonectria parasitica, was investigated by generating cpvma1-overexpressing and cpvma1-silenced strains. The mutant strains were evaluated for phenotypic characteristics, V-ATPase activity, response to elevated pH and Ca2+ in the medium, virulence on chestnut, and accumulation of hypovirus RNA in the cells. Compared with the wild-type strain, cpvma1-overexpressing strains showed no significant difference in phenotype; however, cpvma1-silenced strains exhibited a phenotype of reduced growth rate, lower level of sporulation, and a marked decrease in V-ATPase activity and virulence. In addition, silencing of cpvma1 increased sensitivity to elevated pH and Ca2+, implicating an important role for Cpvma1 in pH adaptation and Ca2+ homeostasis. Furthermore, silencing of cpvma1 resulted in significantly decreased accumulation of hypoviral RNA. Taken together, our results indicate that Cpvma1 plays an important role in the regulation of phenotypic traits and virulence and the accumulation of hypovirus RNA in C. parasitica.


Assuntos
Vírus de RNA , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras , Domínio Catalítico , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , RNA , Vírus de RNA/enzimologia , Virulência
7.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 115, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pokkah boeng is one of the most serious and devastating diseases of sugarcane and causes significant loss in cane yield and sugar content. Although carbendazim is widely used to prevent fungal diseases, the molecular basis of Fusarium species complex (FSC) resistance to carbendazim remains unknown. RESULTS: The EC50 (fungicide concentration that inhibits 50% of mycelial growth) values of carbendazim for 35 FSC isolates collected in cane growing regions of China were ranged from 0.5097 to 0.6941 µg mL- 1 of active ingredient (a.i.), in an average of 0.5957 µg a.i. mL- 1. Among carbendazim-induced mutant strains, SJ51M (F. verticillioides) had a CTG rather than CAG codon (Q134L) at position 134 of the FVER_09254 gene, whereas in the mutant strain HC30M (F. proliferatum) codon ACA at position 351 of the FPRO_07779 gene was replaced by ATA (T351I). Gene expression profiling analysis was performed for SJ51M and its corresponding wild type strain SJ51, with and without carbendazim treatment. The gene expression patterns in SJ51 and SJ51M changed greatly as evidenced by the detection of 850 differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Functional categorization indicated that genes associated with oxidation-reduction process, ATP binding, integral component of membrane, transmembrane transport and response to stress showed the largest expression changes between SJ51M and SJ51. The expression levels of many genes involved in fungicide resistance, such as detoxification enzymes, drug efflux transporters and response to stress, were up-regulated in SJ51M compared to SJ51 with and without carbendazim treatment. CONCLUSION: FSC was sensitive to carbendazim and had the potential for rapid development of carbendazim resistance. The transcriptome data provided insight into the molecular pathways involved in FSC carbendazim resistance.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Carbamatos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/genética , Fusarium/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusarium/fisiologia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Saccharum/microbiologia , Fusarium/genética , Genes Fúngicos/genética , Mutação , Temperatura Ambiente , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
Environ Microbiol ; 21(3): 959-971, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537399

RESUMO

The fungal pathogen Sporisorium scitamineum causes sugarcane smut disease. The formation and growth of dikaryotic hypha after sexual mating is critical for S. scitamineum pathogenicity, however regulation of S. scitimineum mating has not been studied in detail. We identified and characterized the core components of the conserved cAMP/PKA pathway in S. scitamineum by reverse genetics. Our results showed that cAMP/PKA signalling pathway is essential for proper mating and filamentation, and thus critical for S. scitamineum virulence. We further demonstrated that an elevated intracellular ROS (reactive oxygen species) level promotes S. scitamineum mating-filamentation, via transcriptional regulation of ROS catabolic enzymes, and is under regulation of the cAMP/PKA signalling pathway. Furthermore, we found that fungal cAMP/PKA signalling pathway is also involved in regulation of host ROS response. Overall, our work displayed a positive role of elevated intracellular ROS in fungal differentiation and virulence.

9.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2555, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30416495

RESUMO

In the phytopathogenic fungus Sporisorium scitamineum, sexual mating between two compatible haploid cells and the subsequent formation of dikaryotic hyphae is essential for infection. This process was shown to be commonly regulated by a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and a cAMP/PKA signaling pathway in the corn smut fungus Ustilago maydis but remains largely unknown in S. scitamineum. In this study, we identified a conserved putative MAP kinase Kpp2 in S. scitamineum and named it as SsKpp2. The sskpp2Δ mutant displayed significant reduction in mating/filamentation, which could be partially restored by addition of cAMP or tryptophol, a quorum-sensing molecule identified in budding yeast. Transcriptional profiling showed that genes governing S. scitamineum mating or tryptophol biosynthesis were significantly differentially regulated in the sskpp2Δ mutant compared to the WT, under mating condition. Our results demonstrate that the MAP kinase SsKpp2 is required for S. scitamineum mating/filamentation likely through regulating the conserved pheromone signal transduction pathway and tryptophol production.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1286, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963030

RESUMO

Ubiquitination plays key roles in eukaryotic growth, stress adaptation, and metabolic regulation. In our previous work, ubiquitin was found to be secreted in the hypovirus-infected strain of Cryphonectria parasitica, a phytopathogenic filamentous fungus responsible for the chestnut blight. Here we report the functional and molecular characterization of a polyubiquitin gene, cpubi4, in C. parasitica. The expression of cpubi4 was upregulated by the infection of a hypovirus. Deletion of cpubi4 resulted in abnormal morphology, reduced sporulation, attenuation of virulence, and significant reduction in ubiquitination. A total of 378 sites in 236 proteins were identified to be significantly decreased in ubiquitination in the absence of cpubi4. Quantitative proteome analysis revealed that 285 in 4,776 identified proteins changed in abundance (1.5-fold, P < 0.05) in the cpubi4 null mutant, as compared with the wild-type strain.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 1026, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29875746

RESUMO

In eukaryotic genomes, DNA methylation is an important type of epigenetic modification that plays crucial roles in many biological processes. To investigate the impact of a hypovirus infection on the methylome of Cryphonectria parasitica, the chestnut blight fungus, whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) was employed to generate single-base resolution methylomes of the fungus with/without hypovirus infection. The results showed that hypovirus infection alters methylation in all three contexts (CG, CHG, and CHH), especially in gene promoters. A total of 600 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified, of which 144 could be annotated to functional genes. RNA-seq analysis revealed that DNA methylation in promoter is negatively correlated with gene expression. Among DMRs, four genes were shown to be involved in conidiation, orange pigment production, and virulence. Taken together, our DNA methylomes analysis provide valuable insights into the understanding of the relationship between DNA methylation and hypovirus infection, as well as phenotypic traits in C. parasitica.

12.
PLoS One ; 13(6): e0198675, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879216

RESUMO

Low temperature at the seedling stage is a major damaging factor for rice production in southern China. To better understand the cold response of cultivated and wild rice, cold-sensitive cultivar 93-11 (Oryza sativa L. ssp. Indica) and cold-resistant hybrid wild rice DC907 with a 93-11 genetic background were used for a quantitative proteomic analysis with tandem mass tags (TMT) in parallel. Rice seedlings grown for four weeks at a normal temperature (25°C) were treated at 8-10°C for 24, 72 and 120 h. The number of differentially expressed proteins increased gradually over time in the cold-exposed rice in comparison with the untreated rice. A total of 366 unique proteins involved in ATP synthesis, photosystem, reactive oxygen species, stress response, cell growth and integrity were identified as responding to cold stress in DC907. While both DC907 and 93-11 underwent similar alterations in proteomic profiles in response to cold stress, DC907 responded in a prompter manner in terms of expressing cold-responding proteins, maintained a higher level of photosynthesis to power the cells, and possessed a stable and higher level of DIR proteins to prevent the plant from obtaining irreversible cell structure damage. The observations made in this study may lay a new foundation for further investigation of cold sensitivity or tolerance mechanisms in rice.


Assuntos
Resposta ao Choque Frio/fisiologia , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteoma/metabolismo , Plântula/fisiologia , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Proteômica
13.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1683, 2018 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29374206

RESUMO

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an important crop for sugar production and bioenergy worldwide. In this study, we performed transcriptome sequencing for six contrasting sugarcane genotypes involved in leaf abscission, tolerance to pokkah boeng disease and drought stress. More than 465 million high-quality reads were generated, which were de novo assembled into 93,115 unigenes. Based on a similarity search, 43,526 (46.74%) unigenes were annotated against at least one of the public databases. Functional classification analyses showed that these unigenes are involved in a wide range of metabolic pathways. Comparative transcriptome analysis revealed that many unigenes involved in response to abscisic acid and ethylene were up-regulated in the easy leaf abscission genotype, and unigenes associated with response to jasmonic acid and salicylic acid were up-regulated in response to the pokkah boeng disease in the tolerance genotype. Moreover, unigenes related to peroxidase, antioxidant activity and signal transduction were up-regulated in response to drought stress in the tolerant genotype. Finally, we identified a number of putative markers, including 8,630 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 442,152 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Our data will be important resources for future gene discovery, molecular marker development, and genome studies in sugarcane.


Assuntos
Marcadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Saccharum/classificação , Saccharum/fisiologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Secas , Doenças das Plantas , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
14.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 369, 2017 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28848240

RESUMO

The combined effects of anthropogenic and biological CO2 inputs may lead to more rapid acidification in coastal waters compared to the open ocean. It is less clear, however, how redox reactions would contribute to acidification. Here we report estuarine acidification dynamics based on oxygen, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), pH, dissolved inorganic carbon and total alkalinity data from the Chesapeake Bay, where anthropogenic nutrient inputs have led to eutrophication, hypoxia and anoxia, and low pH. We show that a pH minimum occurs in mid-depths where acids are generated as a result of H2S oxidation in waters mixed upward from the anoxic depths. Our analyses also suggest a large synergistic effect from river-ocean mixing, global and local atmospheric CO2 uptake, and CO2 and acid production from respiration and other redox reactions. Together they lead to a poor acid buffering capacity, severe acidification and increased carbonate mineral dissolution in the USA's largest estuary.The potential contribution of redox reactions to acidification in coastal waters is unclear. Here, using measurements from the Chesapeake Bay, the authors show that pH minimum occurs at mid-depths where acids are produced via hydrogen sulfide oxidation in waters mixed upward from anoxic depths.

15.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3113, 2017 06 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28596577

RESUMO

Sporisorium scitamineum is the causative agent responsible for smut disease of sugarcane worldwide. However, lack of efficient gene manipulation system makes this fungus much behind the type model of the smut fungi in molecular biology. Here, we report the development of a CRISPR/Cas9 and T-DNA based dual vector system that allowed efficient knock-out or knock-in of a gene of interest in the S. scitamineum in a site-specific manner. By using Mfa2, a key player in the mating event in S. scitamineum as a tester gene, site-specific insertions of the introduced fragments were achieved both for Mfa2 knockout and complementation. Of particular advantage of this system is the simplicity of selection and identification for the desired transformants by using drug resistance coupled with PCR. This system greatly facilitates the gene function study in S. scitamineum, and could potentially be used for other basidiomycete fungi.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Teste de Complementação Genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Saccharum/genética , Saccharum/microbiologia , Ordem dos Genes , Marcação de Genes , Mutagênese Insercional , Mutação
16.
Brief Funct Genomics ; 16(6): 361-378, 2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28453648

RESUMO

The application of advanced sequencing technologies and the rapid growth of various sequence data have led to increasing interest in DNA sequence assembly. However, repeats and polymorphism occur frequently in genomes, and each of these has different impacts on assembly. Further, many new applications for sequencing, such as metagenomics regarding multiple species, have emerged in recent years. These not only give rise to higher complexity but also prevent short-read assembly in an efficient way. This article reviews the theoretical foundations that underlie current mapping-based assembly and de novo-based assembly, and highlights the key issues and feasible solutions that need to be considered. It focuses on how individual processes, such as optimal k-mer determination and error correction in assembly, rely on intelligent strategies or high-performance computation. We also survey primary algorithms/software and offer a discussion on the emerging challenges in assembly.


Assuntos
DNA/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Algoritmos , Gráficos por Computador , Metagenômica , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Software
17.
Front Plant Sci ; 8: 104, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28228765

RESUMO

Sugarcane mosaic disease is mainly caused by the sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV), which can significantly reduce stalk yield and sucrose content of sugarcane in the field. Coat protein mediated protection (CPMP) is an effective strategy to improve virus resistance. A 2-year field study was conducted to compare five independent transgenic sugarcane lines carrying the SCMV-CP gene (i.e., B2, B36, B38, B48, and B51) with the wild-type parental clone Badila (WT). Agronomic performance, resistance to SCMV infection, and transgene stability were evaluated and compared with the wild-type parental clone Badila (WT) at four experimental locations in China across two successive seasons, i.e., plant cane (PC) and 1st ratoon cane (1R). All transgenic lines derived from Badila had significantly greater tons of cane per hectare (TCH) and tons of sucrose per hectare (TSH) as well as lower SCMV disease incidence than those from Badila in the PC and 1R crops. The transgenic line B48 was highly resistant to SCMV with less than 3% incidence of infection. The recovery phenotype of transgenic line B36 was infected soon after virus inoculation, but the subsequent leaves showed no symptoms of infection. Most control plants developed symptoms that persisted and spread throughout the plant with more than 50% incidence. B48 recorded an average of 102.72 t/ha, which was 67.2% more than that for Badila. The expression of the transgene was stable over many generations with vegetative propagation. These results show that SCMV-resistant transgenic lines derived from Badila can provide resistant germplasm for sugarcane breeding and can also be used to study virus resistance mechanisms. This is the first report on the development and field performance of transgenic sugarcane plants that are resistant to SCMV infection in China.

18.
IEEE/ACM Trans Comput Biol Bioinform ; 14(5): 1134-1146, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28026781

RESUMO

Frequently recurring RNA structural motifs play important roles in RNA folding process and interaction with other molecules. Traditional index-based and shape-based schemas are useful in modeling RNA secondary structures but ignore the structural discrepancy of individual RNA family member. Further, the in-depth analysis of underlying substructure pattern is insufficient due to varied and unnormalized substructure data. This prevents us from understanding RNAs functions and their inherent synergistic regulation networks. This article thus proposes a novel labeled graph-based algorithm RnaGraph to uncover frequently RNA substructure patterns. Attribute data and graph data are combined to characterize diverse substructures and their correlations, respectively. Further, a top-k graph pattern mining algorithm is developed to extract interesting substructure motifs by integrating frequency and similarity. The experimental results show that our methods assist in not only modelling complex RNA secondary structures but also identifying hidden but interesting RNA substructure patterns.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , RNA/química , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Algoritmos , Sequência Consenso , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , RNA/genética , RNA/metabolismo
19.
Sci Rep ; 6: 34308, 2016 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27698384

RESUMO

To understand the impact of a hypovirus infection on the secretome of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, a phytopathogenic filamentous fungus, two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) technology were employed to identify and quantify the secreted proteins. A total of 403 unique proteins were identified from the secretome of the wild type virus-free strain EP155. Of these proteins, 329 were predicted to be involved in known secretory pathways and they are primarily composed of metabolic enzymes, biological regulators, responders to stimulus and components involved in plant-pathogen interactions. When infected with the hypovirus CHV1-EP713, 99 proteins were found to be differentially expressed as compared to the wild type strain EP155. These proteins were mainly related to plant cell wall degradation, response to host defense, fungal virulence and intracellular structure. The effects of CHV1 on secreted proteins may reveal a relationship between physiological pathways and hypovirulence.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/virologia , Micovírus/fisiologia , Via Secretória , Ascomicetos/patogenicidade , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Proteínas Virais/fisiologia , Virulência
20.
Sci Rep ; 6: 29692, 2016 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27434999

RESUMO

Pokkah boeng, caused by Fusarium verticillioides, is a serious disease in sugarcane industry. The disease severity is related to the sugarcane genotype as well as environmental considerations, such as nitrogen application. The impact of the nitrogen source (ammonium sulfate, urea, or sodium nitrate) on sugarcane pokkah boeng disease and its pathogen was investigated in planta and fungal growth and sporulation production was measured in vitro. The results showed that ammonium and nitrate were beneficial to fungal mycelium growth, cell densities, and sporulation, which enhanced the disease symptoms of sugarcane pokkah boeng compared to urea fertilization. A total of 1,779 transcripts out of 13,999 annotated genes identified from global transcriptomic analysis were differentially expressed in F. verticillioides CNO-1 grown in the different sources of nitrogen. These were found to be involved in nitrogen metabolism, transport, and assimilation. Many of these genes were also associated with pathogenicity based on the PHI-base database. Several transcription factors were found to be associated with specific biological processes related to nitrogen utilization. Our results further demonstrated that nitrogen availability might play an important role in disease development by increasing fungal cell growth as well as influencing the expression of genes required for successful pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Fusarium/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Análise por Conglomerados , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Fusarium/fisiologia , Ontologia Genética , Genes Fúngicos/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Saccharum/microbiologia , Esporos Fúngicos/genética , Esporos Fúngicos/fisiologia
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