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1.
Front Nutr ; 9: 982228, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046139

RESUMO

In this paper, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared as enhanced substrates for the detection of glutathione in dairy products by polyol reduction of silver nitrate. The infrared spectra were collected and analyzed by surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRA) method of transmission mode using a cell of calcium fluoride window sheet immobilization solution for the study. The disappearance of the thiol (-SH) absorption peak in the infrared spectrum, and the shift of its characteristic absorption peak when glutathione was bound to AgNPs solvate indicated the Ag-S bond interaction and the aggregation of AgNPS. AgNPs accumulate to form "hot spots", resulting in enhanced electromagnetic fields and thus enhanced infrared signals of glutathione. The intensity of the characteristic absorption peak at 1,654 cm-1 (carbonyl C=O bond stretching) was used for the quantitative analysis of glutathione. After optimizing the conditions, glutathione content in pretreated pure milk and pure ewe's milk was determined using AgNPs in combination with SEIRA. Good linearity was obtained in the range of 0.02-0.12 mg/mL with correlation coefficients (R 2) of 0.9879 and 0.9833, respectively, and LOD of 0.02 mg/mL with average spiked recoveries of 101.3 and 92.5%, respectively. The results show that the method can be used for accurate determination of glutathione content in common dairy products.

2.
Environ Int ; 168: 107471, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081221

RESUMO

The nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) caused by Mycobacterium species has increased in prevalence all over the world. The distributions of NTM-PD are possibly determined by the westerly wind traveling at high altitudes over East Asia. However, the long-range transport of Mycobacterium species has not been demonstrated by analyzing the bacterial communities in aerosols such as desert mineral particles and anthropogenic pollutants transported by the westerly wind. Here, airborne bacterial compositions were investigated including Mycobacterium species in high-elevation aerosols, which were captured in the snow cover at 2,450 m altitude on Mt. Tateyama. This was further compared to the ground-level or high-altitude aerosols collected at six sampling sites distributed from Asian-dust source region (Tsogt-Ovoo) to downwind areas in East Asia (Asian continental cities; Erenhot, Beijing, Yongin, Japanese cities; Yonago, Suzu, Noto Peninsula). The cell concentrations and taxonomic diversities of airborne bacteria decreased from the Asian continent to the Japan area. Terrestrial bacterial populations belonging to Firmicutes and Actinobacteria showed higher relative abundance at high-elevation and Japanese cities. Additionally, Mycobacterium species captured in the snow cover on Mt. Tateyama increased in relative abundance in correspondence to the increase of black carbon concentrations. The relative abundance of Mycobacterium sequences was higher in the aerosol samples of Asian continental cities and Japanese cities than in the desert area. Presumably, anthropogenic pollution over East Asia carries potential Mycobacterium species, which induce NTM-PD, thereby impacting upon the public health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poeira , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Bactérias , Poeira/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Extremo Oriente , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas
3.
Environ Entomol ; 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066442

RESUMO

The tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) is one of the most harmful pests of solanaceous crops. Its larval morphological characteristics are similar, making the distinguishing between different larval instars difficult. Accurate identification of T. absoluta instars is necessary either for population outbreak forecasting, or developing successful control programs. Although a clustering algorithm can be used to determine the number of larval instars, little is known regarding the use of density-based ordering points to identify the clustering structure (OPTICS) and determine the number of larvae. In this study, larval instars of 240 T. absoluta individuals were determined by the density-based OPTICS clustering method, based on mandible width, and head capsule width and length. To verify the feasibility of the OPTICS clustering method, we compared it with the density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) clustering algorithm, Gaussian mixture models, and k-means. Additionally, the instars determined by the clustering methods were verified using the Brooks-Dyar rule, Crosby rule, and linear regression model. The instars determined by the OPTICS clustering method were equal to those determined by the other types of clustering algorithms, and the instar results were consistent with the Brooks-Dyar rule, Crosby rule, frequency analysis, and logarithmic regression model. These results indicated that the OPTICS clustering method is robust for determining insect larva instar phase. Moreover, it was found that three morphological indices of T. absoluta can be used for determining instars of this pest in the field, which may provide important information for the management of T. absoluta populations.

4.
Palliat Med Rep ; 3(1): 154-161, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059905

RESUMO

Background: The aim of our study was to translate and validate the mainland Chinese version of the short health scale (SHS), a disease-specific quality-of-life (QoL) scale for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods: The SHS was translated and validated according to the standard process: a translation and back-translation procedure and a reliability and validation study. Patients with IBD were enrolled, and their QoL was assessed using the SHS, the short inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (SIBDQ), and the Bristol stool form scale. Reliability (internal consistency reliability, split-half reliability, and test-retest reliability) and validity analyses were performed to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the SHS. The impacts of different severity of major symptoms on QoL were analyzed by comparing the scores of SHS. Results: A total of 112 patients with IBD (69 with ulcerative colitis and 43 with Crohn's disease) completed the mainland Chinese version of the SHS, and 34 patients completed the SHS a second time within one to two weeks. Cronbach's alpha value of the SHS was 0.90, and its split-half coefficient was 0.83. Intraclass correlation coefficients of the four items ranged from 0.52 to 0.72. All four items of the SHS were significantly associated with the corresponding domains of the SIBDQ, with correlation coefficients ranging from -0.52 to -0.69 (p < 0.001). The results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit of the one-factor model, with comparative fit index (CFI) = 0.878, normed fit index (NFI) = 0.874, incremental fit index (IFI) = 0.880, and goodness of fit index (GFI) = 0.842. The patients with severe symptoms had higher scores in the SHS than those with no or mild symptoms. Conclusions: The SHS was simple and quick to be used. The SHS had good validity and reliability and was suitable for evaluating the QoL of patients with IBD in mainland China.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069433

RESUMO

We report a multi-component synthetic strategy on a two-dimensional crystalline covalent organic framework (COF) by connecting acetonitrile with aromatic aldehyde and acetaldehyde moieties to form an unprecedented cyano-substituted buta-1,3-diene linkage. Different from most of the COFs that were crystallized from the condensations from two components, the presented COF is generated from two competitive and reversible reactions among three moieties. The buta-1,3-diene COF exhibits remarkable photoactivity with a low exciton binding energy of 44.4 ± 1.5 meV for promoted charge separation, which enables the buta-1,3-diene-linked COF as an efficient photocatalyst for various aerobic oxidation reactions under visible light. Our multi-component synthesis strategy may provide new sights for synthesizing COFs with structural diversity and functional variability that are hard to achieve by traditional COF synthesis.

6.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; : e2200678, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069655

RESUMO

The development and understanding of proton conductors based on phosphoric acid are critical for the field of chemistry, biology, and energy. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), featuring highly crystalline structures and controllable pore sizes, are suitable for constructing phosphoric acid-based proton conductors. However, because of tedious and intricate synthesis, how to develop COFs based on phosphoric acid remains a substantial challenge. Herein, a side-chain decorated strategy is contributed to construct a phosphoric acid-functionalized, imine-linked COF by de novo synthesis. The phosphoric acid side chains with vigorous motion integrating with 1D nanochannels endow the resulting COF with intrinsic proton conductivity. This work expectantly provides a competitive alternative for producing phosphoric acid-functionalized COFs with high intrinsic proton conductivity.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(37): 17261-17268, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070360

RESUMO

Direct CAr-F arylation is effective and sustainable for synthesis of polyfluorobiaryls with different degrees of fluorination, which are important motifs in medical and material chemistry. However, with no aid of transition metals, the engagement of CAr-F bond activation has proved difficult. Herein, an unprecedented transition-metal-free strategy is reported for site-selective CAr-F arylation of polyfluoroarenes with simple (het)arenes. By merging N,N-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)perylene-3,4,9,10-bis(dicarboximide)-catalyzed electrophotocatalytic reduction and anodic nitroxyl radical oxidation in an electrophotocatalytic cell, various polyfluoroaromatics (2F-6F and 8F), especially inactive partially fluorinated aromatics, undergo sacrificial-reagents-free C-F bond arylation with high regioselectivity, and the yields are comparable to those for reported transition-metal catalysis. This atom- and step-economic protocol features a paired electrocatalysis with organic mediators in both cathodic and anodic processes. The broad substrate scope and good functional-group compatibility highlight the merits of this operationally simple strategy. Moreover, the easy gram-scale synthesis and late-stage functionalization collectively advocate for the practical value, which would promote the vigorous development of fluorine chemistry.

8.
Soc Sci Med ; 311: 115325, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115131

RESUMO

This study investigates the interactive effect of social capital and partisanship on COVID-19 vaccination rates. Using county-level data from the United States (U.S.), we empirically find that social capital is a double-edged sword. Its effect on the vaccination rate depends on the dominant partisanship of the jurisdiction. In more liberal counties, stronger social capital is a social asset that encourages people to seek vaccination and results in a higher vaccination rate. In contrast, in more conservative counties where the Trump-voting rate reaches 73% and beyond, stronger social capital becomes a social liability for public health by reinforcing residents' hesitancy toward or rejection of vaccinations, leading to a lower vaccination rate. This study implies the need for reducing the partisanship salience and investing in bridging and linking social capital in polarized communities.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126152

RESUMO

Both the ever-complex international and subnational supply chains could relocate health burdens and economic benefits across India, leading to the widening of regional inequality. Here, we simultaneously track the unequal distribution of fine particle matter (PM2.5) pollution, health costs, and value-added embodied in inter- and intranational exports for Indian states in 2015 by integrating a nested multiregional input-output (MRIO) table constructed based on EXIOBASE and an Indian regional MRIO table, Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), the Community Multi-Scale Air Quality (CMAQ) model, and a concentration-response function. The results showed that the annual premature deaths associated with PM2.5 pollution embodied in inter- and intranational exports were 757,356 and 388,003 throughout India, accounting for 39% and 20% of the total premature deaths caused by PM2.5 pollution, respectively. Richer south and west coastal states received around half of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) induced by exports with a quarter of the health burden, while poorer central and east states bear approximately 60% of the health burden with less than a quarter of national GDP. Our findings highlight the role of exports in driving the regional inequality of health burdens and economic benefits. Therefore, tailored strategies (e.g., air pollution compensation, advanced technology transfer, and export structure optimization) could be formulated.

10.
Water Res ; 224: 119121, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126626

RESUMO

Sedimentary denitrification and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) are two microbially-mediated nitrogen removal pathways with distinct climatic feedbacks. Estuaries receive large fluxes of anthropogenic nitrogen and serve as hotspots for nitrogen loss. Applying 15N isotope pairing technique and sediment intact core incubation in two subtropical estuaries, the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) and Jiulong River Estuary (JRE), we show that denitrification predominates the sedimentary nitrogen loss with a minor contribution (8.6 ± 7.5%) from anammox. Particulate organic matter degradation sustains the sedimentary nitrogen removal linking the nitrogen transformations between water column and sediment. Our results indicate that estuarine sediments exhibit high areal nitrogen removal rate, but play a relatively weak role in eliminating the nitrogen inputted from river basin due to the limited area. The riverine excess nitrogen will eventually enter into the adjacent continental shelf and be removed via phytoplankton assimilation-sedimentation-degradation-coupled nitrification-denitrification. In addition, sedimentary denitrification causes 1.8 ± 2.2% of nitrogen flow towards nitrous oxide (N2O) production and the derived N2O release flux accounts for 59% and 65% of the daily sea-air N2O emission in the YRE and JRE, respectively. These findings contribute to a better understanding of estuarine sedimentary nitrogen removal and associated climate feedbacks, and to the parameterization of Earth system models.

12.
iScience ; 25(10): 105068, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093376

RESUMO

The molecular manifestations of host cells responding to SARS-CoV-2 and its evolving variants of infection are vastly different across the studied models and conditions, imposing challenges for host-based antiviral drug discovery. Based on the postulation that antiviral drugs tend to reverse the global host gene expression induced by viral infection, we retrospectively evaluated hundreds of signatures derived from 1,700 published host transcriptomic profiles of SARS/MERS/SARS-CoV-2 infection using an iterative data-driven approach. A few of these signatures could be reversed by known anti-SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors, suggesting the potential of extrapolating the biology for new variant research. We discovered IMD-0354 as a promising candidate to reverse the signatures globally with nanomolar IC50 against SARS-CoV-2 and its five variants. IMD-0354 stimulated type I interferon antiviral response, inhibited viral entry, and down-regulated hijacked proteins. This study demonstrates that the conserved coronavirus signatures and the transcriptomic reversal approach that leverages polypharmacological effects could guide new variant therapeutic discovery.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102348

RESUMO

Colletotrichum acutatum, the main pathogen causing anthracnose on chili worldwide, is controlled by tebuconazole [a sterol C14-demethylation inhibitor (DMI) fungicide, abbreviated as Teb] with excellent efficacy. Our previous study exhibited that all C. acutatum isolates were sensitive to Teb while the Colletotrichum gloeosporioides population had developed resistance to Teb on the same fungicide-pressure selection. Therefore, the assessment of Teb-resistance in C. acutatum is impending. Twenty Teb-resistant (TebR) mutants obtained by fungicide domestication and ultraviolet (UV)-mutagenesis displayed similar fitness compared to parental isolates. Data in the current study exhibited that mutations at CaCYP51A and/or overexpression of CaCYP51s were responsible for Teb-resistance. Furthermore, the deletion mutants ΔCaCYP51A and ΔCaCYP51B played different roles in sensitivities to DMIs. Taken together, this study first reported that mutations at CaCYP51A and/or overexpression of CaCYP51s conferred resistance to Teb in C. acutatum, CaCYP51A and CaCYP51B are functionally redundant, but differentially regulated in DMI resistance.

14.
Zootaxa ; 5154(2): 152-174, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095630

RESUMO

In this study, a total of 11 species belonging to four genera of Myzininae are recorded from China, among which a new species, namely Hylomesa punctata sp. nov. is described from Tibet and Yunnan, and four species are newly recorded. All the species are illustrated and a key to them is provided in this paper.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China
15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(36): 16667-16675, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047993

RESUMO

Singlet oxygen (1O2)-mediated oxidation represents an attractive strategy for incorporation of oxygen atoms from air under mild and environmentally benign conditions. However, the 1O2 reaction with enamine suffers from fragmentation, leading to very unsuccessful transformation. Here, Lewis acid is introduced to intercept [2 + 2] or "ene" reaction intermediates of the 1O2 reaction and enables oxidative dimerization of enamines to produce pyrrolin-4-ones in good to excellent yields. Mechanistic studies reveal the formation of the imino ketone intermediate from the interaction of 1O2 and enamine, which is able to interact with Lewis acid, relaying the 1O2 reaction in enamine chemistry. For the first time, selective cross-dimerization of two different enamines is achieved. Due to the advantages of mild conditions, high chemoselectivity, and up to 99% yield, a promising strategy has been developed for synthesizing aza-heterocycles under ambient conditions, which can be further applied for the synthesis of imidazolone, quinoxaline, and highly functionalized imine.


Assuntos
Ácidos de Lewis , Oxigênio Singlete , Dimerização , Iminas , Oxirredução
16.
Crit Care ; 26(1): 252, 2022 08 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35996150

RESUMO

Pulmonary microbial diversity may be influenced by biotic or abiotic conditions (e.g., disease, smoking, invasive mechanical ventilation (MV), etc.). Specially, invasive MV may trigger structural and physiological changes in both tissue and microbiota of lung, due to gastric and oral microaspiration, altered body posture, high O2 inhalation-induced O2 toxicity in hypoxemic patients, impaired airway clearance and ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), which in turn reduce the diversity of the pulmonary microbiota and may ultimately lead to poor prognosis. Furthermore, changes in (local) O2 concentration can reduce the diversity of the pulmonary microbiota by affecting the local immune microenvironment of lung. In conclusion, systematic literature studies have found that invasive MV reduces pulmonary microbiota diversity, and future rational regulation of pulmonary microbiota diversity by existing or novel clinical tools (e.g., lung probiotics, drugs) may improve the prognosis of invasive MV treatment and lead to more effective treatment of lung diseases with precision.


Assuntos
Pulmão , Microbiota , Respiração Artificial , Humanos , Pulmão/microbiologia , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia
17.
J Oncol ; 2022: 3387671, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36016584

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BC) is a common malignant tumor of the genitourinary system, and there are not enough tumor biomarker tests that are specific, trustworthy, and noninvasive for the diagnosis and prognosis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical relevance, prognostic value, and immunological signature of Mannosidase alpha class 1B member 1(MAN1B1) expressions in BC. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases provided the raw information that was used to analyze the expression of MAN1B1 in tumor patients. Then, a statistical study was carried out to assess the correlations of MAN1B1 expression with the clinical characteristics and the prognosis of BC. The correlation between MAN1B1 expression and tumor immune infiltration was explored via single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA). In human cancers, MAN1B1 expressions were shown to be generally higher in tumors than in normal specimens. We confirmed that MAN1B1 expression was distinctly increased in BC specimens compared with nontumor specimens. BC specimens with advanced T stage and M stage showed a higher level of MAN1B1. Survival analysis revealed that the overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free interval (PFI) of patients with high MAN1B1 expressions were distinctly worse than those with low MAN1B1 expressions. Importantly, multivariate analyses only confirmed that MAN1B1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for OS of the patients with BC. Furthermore, we observed that MAN1B1 expression level was significantly correlated with abundance of multiple immune infiltrates including Th2 cells, macrophages, Th1 cells, neutrophils, T helper cells, and NK CD56 bright cells. In conjunction with all of these findings, elevated MAN1B1 expression is associated with a poor prognosis and a higher number of immune cells in BC. MAN1B1 has the potential to act as a biomarker that can evaluate both the patient's prognosis and the degree of immune infiltration in BC.

18.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-12, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36007548

RESUMO

Donkey milk has high nutritional and medicinal value, but there are few researches in donkey milk traits, especially on genome. The whole lactation of 89 donkeys was recorded and it was found that Xinjiang donkey had good lactation performance while great differences among individuals. In our previous study, four genes including LGALS2, NUMB, ADCY8 and CA8 were identified as milk-associated with Chinese Kazakh house, based on Equine 670k Chip genomic analysis. And then 15 SNPs of the four key genes were conducted for genotyping in Xinjiang donkey in this study, one of Chinese indigenous breed, 14 SNPs were successful classified. And those SNPs were correlation analysis with milk yield of Xinjiang donkeys. The results showed that NUMB g.46709914T > G was significantly correlated with daily milk yield of Xinjiang donkey in the early, middle, and late periods, while ADCY8 g.48366302T > C, CA8 g.89567442T > G and CA8 g.89598328T > A were significantly correlated with lactation in the late periods. These results indicate that NUMB g.46709914T > G can be as markers of candidate genes for lactating traits in donkeys, SNPs of ADCY8 and CA8 as potential. Our findings will not only help confirm key genes for donkey milk traits, but also provide future for genomic selection in donkeys.

19.
Front Oncol ; 12: 913838, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35978810

RESUMO

Next-generation sequencing technology has enabled the identification of fusion partners of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) in non-small cell lung cancer, and various ALK fusion partners have been confirmed. Here, a novel rhabdomyosarcoma 2-associated transcript (RMST)-ALK rearrangement was identified in an 80-year-old Chinese man with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. The patient was prescribed ceritinib and achieved a partial response, which has been sustained for more than 18 months. This is the first report of the RMST-ALK rearrangement, and we showed that a patient with lung adenocarcinoma carrying this rearrangement can benefit from ceritinib treatment; therefore, this is a significant finding in clinical practice.

20.
Front Immunol ; 13: 938406, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935948

RESUMO

Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are particularly susceptible to infections, such as pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). This meta-analysis aimed to determine the incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in SLE patients. Methods: The Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched for articles of relevant studies published from the dates the databases were established until April 30, 2022. The I2 statistic and Q test were used to evaluate heterogeneity among the analysed studies. Random-effects models were utilised and subgroup analyses were conducted for analysis of the study data. Results: A total of 35 studies with 46,327 SLE patients were eligible for analysis. The incidence and prevalence of TB among the SLE patients were 1.16 per 100 person-years (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.69-1.93) and 3.59% (95% CI: 2.57%-5.02%), respectively. The pooled prevalence of SLE-PTB and SLE-EPTB was 2.46% (95% CI: 1.73%-3.51%) and 1.42% (95% CI: 0.98%-2.06%), respectively. Subgroup analyses showed that the incidence of SLE-TB was higher in Africa and in countries with a high TB burden than in countries with a low TB burden. The prevalence of SLE-TB was elevated in Asia, in patients taking a mean daily dose of glucocorticoids ≥20 mg, in studies with small sample sizes (n <1000) and ended before 2001. Conclusions: The available evidence suggests that both the incidence and prevalence of TB in SLE patients are high. This study provides a more specific understanding of SLE-TB, which can help health policymakers in the development of preventive strategies for reducing the SLE-TB burden.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Tuberculose , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Incidência , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose/etiologia
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