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1.
SN Compr Clin Med ; : 1-7, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308257

RESUMO

As more and more studies have shown that venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) improves oxygenation and prognosis of critical patients, VV-ECMO has been frequently used in critical patients for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Prone positioning (PP) is a postural therapy for ARDS, which permits for better ventilation/perfusion ratio (V/Q) matching, improvement of hypoxemia. Some articles revealed that performing PP during ECMO for refractory respiratory failure is feasible; however, the results obtained were controversial. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to further assess the effects of PP during ECMO for refractory respiratory failure. Six studies with 465 subjects were enrolled. Four articles examined changes of PaO2/FiO2 ratio after PP during VV-ECMO; PaO2/FiO2 ratio improved from 18.5 to 62 mmHg. Our analysis inferred that the PP-ECMO group did not have a significant advantage in survival at discharge (odds risk 1.42, 95% confidence interval 0.92-2.18; p = 0.11) compared with the ECMO group. We found that the PP-ECMO group had a significantly longer duration than the ECMO group (MD 5.37, 95% CI 4.19-6.54, I2 = 67%, P < .00001). ICU length of stay in the PP-ECMO group was significantly longer than the ECMO group (MD 7.29, 95% CI 4.06-10.52, I2 = 64%, P < .00001). No unplanned extubation of ECMO was recorded. In conclusion, our review found that performing PP during ECMO for refractory respiratory failure is safe and PP can improve the PaO2/FiO2 ratio, which is in line with the length of PP performed.

2.
J Int Med Res ; 49(7): 3000605211032809, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311598

RESUMO

Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is a minimally invasive spinal surgery that is popular for lumbar degeneration and spinal deformity treatment because it causes minimal damage to the stability of the intervertebral structures. However, when encountering abnormal anatomical structures caused by situs inversus, surgical routes must be adjusted to avoid serious complications. A 42-year-old woman with lumbar spinal stenosis presented to our hospital. Preoperative X-ray and computed tomography indicated situs inversus totalis, with the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava reversed. We established an appropriate surgical approach for OLIF via the right abdomen according to the characteristics of the anatomical structures. Postoperative X-rays showed adequate positioning of the interbody fusion cage and internal fixation screws. At the 3-month follow-up, the patient reported resolution of her symptoms. Vascular variations caused by situs inversus totalis can affect the course of OLIF. Understanding the unique anatomical structure in such patients is crucial for successful surgery and to avoid intraoperative complications.

3.
J Orthop Sci ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to compare the merits and drawbacks between reamed intramedullary nailing (RIN) and unreamed intramedullary nailing (URIN) among adults. METHODS: We comprehensively searched PubMed, MEDLINE database through the PubMed search engine, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Embase, VIPI (Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals), and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) from inception to March 2020. Outcomes of interest included nonunion rates, implant failure rates, secondary procedure rates, blood loss, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) rates, and pulmonary complications rates. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials were included. The result of nonunion rates shows that the nonunion rate is significantly lower in the RIN group (RR = 0.20, 95% CI = 0.09-0.48, Z = 3.63, P = 0.0003). There were no significant differences for the risk of implant failure rates (RR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.18-1.69, Z = 1.04, P = 0.30). The secondary procedure rates were significantly lower in the RIN group (RR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.12-0.66, Z = 2.91, P = 0.004). The result shows that the blood loss of URIN group is significantly lower (RR = 145.52, 95% CI = 39.68-251.36, Z = 2.69, P = 0.007). The result shows that there was no significant difference in the ARDS rates (RR = 1.53, 95% CI = 0.37-6.29, Z = 0.59, P = 0.55) and the pulmonary complications rates between RIN group and URIN group (RR = 1.59, 95% CI = 0.61-4.17, Z = 0.94, P = 0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Reamed intramedullary nailing would lead to lower nonunion rate, secondary procedure rate and more blood loss. Unreamed intramedullary nailing is related to a higher nonunion rate, secondary procedure rate and less blood loss. No significant difference is found in implant failure rate, ARDS rate and pulmonary complication rate between the two groups.

4.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The well-differentiated rectal neuroendocrine tumors (RNETs) can also have lymph node metastasis (LNM). Large multicenter data were reviewed to explore the risk factors for LNM in RNETs. Further, we developed a model to predict the risk of LNM in RNETs. METHODS: In total, 223 patients with RNETs from the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University were retrospectively enrolled. Logistic regression analysis was performed to study the factors affecting LNM, and recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) was performed to stratify the risk of LNM. RESULTS: Among the 223 patients diagnosed with RNETs, the incidence of LNM was 10.8%. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses revealed that tumor size, World Health Organization (WHO) grade, and depth of tumor invasion were independent risk factors for LNM (p < 0.05). The area under the curve was 0.948 (95% confidence interval: 0.890-1.000). Furthermore, the incidence of LNM in patients divided into low- and high-risk groups according to RPA was 1.1% and 56.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Compared with tumor size, the depth of tumor invasion and WHO grade are more important factors in predicting LNM. Then, we developed a model based on RPA to predict the risk of LNM in RNETs and identify patients who are suitable for local resection.

5.
Brief Bioinform ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245241

RESUMO

The global efforts in the past year have led to the discovery of nearly 200 drug repurposing candidates for COVID-19. Gaining more insights into their mechanisms of action could facilitate a better understanding of infection and the development of therapeutics. Leveraging large-scale drug-induced gene expression profiles, we found 36% of the active compounds regulate genes related to cholesterol homeostasis and microtubule cytoskeleton organization. Following bioinformatics analyses revealed that the expression of these genes is associated with COVID-19 patient severity and has predictive power on anti-SARS-CoV-2 efficacy in vitro. Monensin, a top new compound that regulates these genes, was further confirmed as an inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 replication in Vero-E6 cells. Interestingly, drugs co-targeting cholesterol homeostasis and microtubule cytoskeleton organization processes more likely present a synergistic effect with antivirals. Therefore, potential therapeutics could be centered around combinations of targeting these processes and viral proteins.

6.
Can J Vet Res ; 85(3): 224-228, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248268

RESUMO

Since June 2017, several outbreaks of a Seneca Valley virus (SVV) USA/GBI29/2015-like strain have emerged in pigs in China. In our study, we successfully isolated the SVV strain CH-GDZQ-2018, confirmed by immunofluorescence and Western blot assays. Phylogenetic and recombinant analyses showed that the USA/GBI29/2015-like CH-GDZQ-2018 strain was the result of recombination between epidemic strains local to Guangdong, showing that SVV has undergone evolution in China.

7.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279960

RESUMO

Heavy Fermion (HF) states emerge in correlated quantum materials due to the intriguing interplay between localized magnetic moments and itinerant electrons but rarely appear in 3d-electron systems due to high itinerancy of d-electrons. Here, an anomalous enhancement of Kondo screening is observed at the Kondo hole of local Fe vacancies in Fe3GeTe2 which is a recently discovered 3d-HF system featuring Kondo lattice and two-dimensional itinerant ferromagnetism. An itinerant Kondo-Ising model is established to reproduce the experimental results and provides insight into the competition between Ising ferromagnetism and Kondo screening. Our work explains the microscopic origin of the d-electron HF states in Fe3GeTe2 and inspires future studies of the enriched quantum many-body effects with Kondo holes.

8.
Yi Chuan ; 43(7): 680-693, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284983

RESUMO

The number of Sertoli cells in the testis is a major regulator on the sperm production capacity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) participate in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of porcine immature Sertoli cells. However, the functions and mechanisms of action of most identified miRNAs in porcine Sertoli cells remain largely unknown. In the present study, based on our previous results from an EdU-based high-content screening assay, we further studied the mechanism of action of miR-191 on the proliferation and apoptosis of porcine immature Sertoli cells through flow cytometry, Western blotting, and dual-luciferase activity analyses. The results demonstrated that overexpression of miR-191 promoted cell cycle progression from G1 phase to the S and G2 phases, enhanced cell proliferation, and inhibited apoptosis in the porcine immature Sertoli cells, whereasmiR-191 inhibition resulted in the opposite effects. The results from a luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-191 directly targeted the 3'-UTR of theBDNF gene. BDNF knockdown also promoted cell cycle progression to the S phase, cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis, which were consistent with the effects of the miR-191overexpression. A co-transfection experiment showed that BDNF knockdown abolished the effects of miR-191 inhibition. Furthermore, both miR-191 overexpression and BDNFinhibition elevated the phosphorylation of PI3K and AKT, the key components of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, whereas BDNFinhibition offset the effects of the miR-191 knockdown. Overall, these data indicated that miR-191 promotes cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in porcine immature Sertoli cells by targeting theBDNF gene through activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. This study provides a novel scientific basis for further investigation on the biological functions of miR-191 on porcine spermatogenesis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos
9.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a common malignant tumor of the female reproductive system in the world, which is a serious threat to women's life and health. According to the latest report, the incidence of cervical cancer is 11.42 per 100 000, and the mortality rate is 3.77 per 100 000 in Yunnan Province, which is still higher than the national average. Although there have been some relevant studies on the risk factors of cervical cancer in recent years, research on ethnic minorities is lacking in Yunnan Province. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and explore the related risk factors of cervical cancer in women of ethnic minorities in Yunnan Province, to provide the scientific basis for the development of cervical cancer prevention and control strategies and measures in this region. METHODS: In total 1119 cervical cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology at the Yunnan Cancer Center (Yunnan Cancer Hospital) from January 2010 to December 2019 were selected as the case group. According to the 1:1 matching principle of the case-control study, 1119 patients with nonmalignant tumors of the same nationality, the same hospital, age difference less than 3 years old, were selected as the control group. Univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Basic medical insurance for rural residents (OR = 3.659; P = 0.003), human papilloma virus (HPV) infection (OR = 90.030; P < 0.001) and concurrent reproductive tract infections (OR = 1.992; P = 0.047) were risk factors for cervical cancer. Late first marriage(OR = 0.881; P = 0.032), the number of normal childbirths ≤2 (OR = 0.480, P = 0.033) and contraception (OR = 0.291; P = 0.002) were positive factors for cervical cancer. CONCLUSION: The high incidence of cervical cancer in Yunnan minority women is the result of many factors: HPV infection is the highest risk factor for cervical cancer, women with reproductive tract infections and basic medical insurance for rural residents have a higher risk for cervical cancer; Late first marriage, the number of deliveries ≤2 and contraception are positive factors for cervical cancer.

10.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(8): 717, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285190

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells have increased lipogenesis and cholesterol synthesis. Sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) is cleaved by site 1 protease (S1P) to release the transcriptionally active amino-terminal domain. PF-429242 is a potent and competitive S1P inhibitor. We here tested its activity in RCC cells. In established and primary human RCC cells, PF-429242 potently inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. The S1P inhibitor provoked apoptosis activation in RCC cells. Furthermore, shRNA-mediated S1P silencing or CRISPR/Cas9-induced S1P knockout led to RCC cell growth inhibition and apoptosis activation. Conversely, ectopic overexpression of SREBP1 or S1P augmented RCC cell proliferation and migration. Daily i.v. injection of a single dose of PF-429242 robustly inhibited RCC xenograft growth in severe combined immunodeficiency mice. Additionally, intratumoral injection of S1P shRNA lentivirus inhibited RCC xenograft growth in mice. SREBP1, S1P, and its target gene low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) were significantly elevated in human RCC tissues. These results suggest that targeting S1P by PF-429242 inhibited RCC cell growth in vitro and in vivo.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(28): 10735-10742, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242004

RESUMO

Fluorescence anisotropy (FA) holds great potential for multiplexed analysis and imaging of biomolecules since it can effectively discriminate fluorophores with overlapping emission spectra. Nevertheless, its susceptibility to environmental variation hampers its widespread applications in biology and biotechnology. In this study, we design FA DNA frameworks (FAFs) by scaffolding fluorophores in a fluorescent protein-like microenvironment. We find that the FA stability of the fluorophores is remarkably improved due to the sequestration effects of FAFs. The FA level of the fluorophores can be finely tuned when placed at different locations on an FAF, analogous to spectral shifts of protein-bound fluorophores. The high programmability of FAFs further enables the design of a spectrum of encoded FA barcodes for multiplexed sensing of nucleic acids and multiplexed labeling of live cells. This FAF system thus establishes a new paradigm for designing multiplexing FA probes for cellular imaging and other biological applications.

12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(7): 650-4, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the changes of anterior soft tissue swelling after anterior cervical subtotal corpectomy, titanium mesh fusion and internal fixation. METHODS: From November 2015 to July 2018, 151 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy were treated with anterior single corpectomy, titanium mesh fusion and internal fixation, including 109 males and 42 females, aged 44 to 81 (59.77±8.34) years. Through postoperative follow up observation, the C2-C7 level of anterior intervertebral space distance was measured to evaluate the changes of anterior soft tissue swelling. RESULTS: All patients were followed up for 15 to 40(28.00±3.52) months. One week after the operation, the swelling of anterior soft tissue reached the peak, and then decreased. At 8 months after the operation, the swelling of anterior soft tissue on C5, C6 and C7 plane returned to normal. At 12 months after the operation, the swelling of anterior soft tissue on C2, C3 and C4 plane returned to normal. CONCLUSION: Anterior subtotal cervical corpectomy, titanium mesh bone graft fusion and internal fixation can cause swelling of the anterior soft tissue. One week after operation, we should pay more attention to the aggravation of the swelling of the anterior soft tissue to avoid the occurrence of dysphagia, respiratory obstruction, asphyxia and other complications.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2101056, 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245178

RESUMO

Charge carrier transport in colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solids is strongly influenced by coupling among CQDs. The shape of as-synthesized CQDs results in random orientational relationships among facets in CQD solids, and this limits the CQD coupling strength and the resultant performance of optoelectronic devices. Here, colloidal-phase reconstruction of CQD surfaces, which improves facet alignment in CQD solids, is reported. This strategy enables control over CQD faceting and allows demonstration of enhanced coupling in CQD solids. The approach utilizes post-synthetic resurfacing and unites surface passivation and colloidal stability with a propensity for dots to couple via (100):(100) facets, enabling increased hole mobility. Experimentally, the CQD solids exhibit a 10× increase in measured hole mobility compared to control CQD solids, and enable photodiodes (PDs) exhibiting 70% external quantum efficiency (vs 45% for control devices) and specific detectivity, D* > 1012  Jones, each at 1550 nm. The photodetectors feature a 7 ns response time for a 0.01 mm2 area-the fastest reported for solution-processed short-wavelength infrared PDs.

14.
J BUON ; 26(3): 1182, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268999

RESUMO

The Editors of JBUON issue an Expression of Concern to 'The anticancer effects of 7-Methoxyheptaphylline against the human retinoblastoma cells are facilitated via S-phase cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial apoptosis and inhibition of Wnt/ßcatenin signalling pathway', by Bin Chen, Tao He, Li Wu, Ting Cao, Hongmei Zheng; JBUON 2020;25(1):421-426; PMID: 32277664. Following the publication of the above article, readers drew to our attention that part of the data was possibly unreliable. We sent emails to the authors with a request to provide the raw data to prove the originality, but received no reply. Therefore, as we continue to work through the issues raised, we advise readers to interpret the information presented in the article with due caution. We thank the readers for bringing this matter to our attention. We apologize for any inconvenience it may cause.

15.
Psychiatry Res ; 304: 114115, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303943

RESUMO

Psychological concerns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic become a public health crisis. It is noteworthy that the associations between COVID-19 related experiences and typical mental symptoms among pregnant women remain unclear. A cross-sectional online survey among pregnant women was conducted in Shenzhen, China. Multivariable logistic regression models were applied to explore the associations of COVID-19 related experiences with anxiety and depression symptoms during pregnancy. Totally, 751 pregnant women were enrolled. Lower prevalence of anxiety and depression was observed among older individuals: 17.2%, 12.3%, and 6.7% for anxiety symptom; 40.0%, 35.3%, and 24.6% for depression symptom, respectively in age <30 years, 30 to 34 years, and ≥35 years groups. COVID-19 related experiences that associated with the anxiety and depression symptoms among pregnant women included having confirmed or suspected COVID-19 cases around, subjective moderate or high risk of being infected, subjective severe life impact, subjective moderate or severe psychological impact, and spending more than one hour in COVID-19 related news. In the post-pandemic era, the psychological strain imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic is urgently needed to be alleviated among pregnant women. The long-term impacts of COVID-19 related experiences on maternal and child health should be monitored longitudinally.

16.
Bioorg Chem ; 115: 105156, 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314917

RESUMO

Under guidance of 1H NMR, ten new polypropionate derivatives, decempyrones A-J (1-10) along with two known analogues (11 and 12), were isolated from the marine-derived fungusFusarium decemcellulare SYSU-MS6716. The planar structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (1D and 2D NMR, and HR-ESIMS). The absolute configuration of the chiral centers in the side chain is a major obstacle for the structure identification of natural polypropionate derivatives. Herein, the J-based configurational analysis (JBCA), chemical degradation, geminal proton rule, and the modified Mosher's method were adopted to fix their absolute configurations in the side chain. Compounds 3 and 10 exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting the production of NO in RAW264.7 cells activated by lipopolysaccharide with IC50values 22.4 ± 1.8 and 21.7 ± 1.1 µM. In addition, compounds 3 and 10 displayed MptpA inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 19.2 ± 0.9 and 33.1 ± 2.9 µM. Structure-activity relationships of the polypropionate derivatives were discussed.

17.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(6): 2227-2240, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212629

RESUMO

To explore the association between phytoplankton community structure and water quality of the Tianhe Reservoir in Wenzhou, Zhejiang, we examined the phytoplankton and physico-chemical factors in the Tianhe Reservoir from February 2019 to January 2020. A total of 89 phytoplankton species belonging to 60 genera and 7 phyla were identified. The annual average abundance and biomass of phytoplankton were 2.02×105 cells·L-1 and 0.26 mg·L-1 respectively. Bacillariophyta was dominant in the whole year. Chlorophyta was dominant in spring and autumn. Cyanophyta was dominant in summer. Both Euglenophyta and Pyrrophyta appeared in the whole year. Cryptophyta appeared in autumn and winter. However, none of them was dominant due to their low abundance. The dominant species throughout the year were Melosira granulata, Synedra acus, Navicula cryptocephala, Asterionella formosa, Pseudoanabaena, Closterlum venus, Pediastrum duplex, Peridinium bipes, Dinobryon cylindricum and Cryptomonas ovata. Results of redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that water temperature, total nitrogen, CODMn and pH value were the main factors driving phytoplankton community structure in the whole year. According to the evaluation based on diversity indices, including Shannon index, Pielou evenness index, Margalef richness index and comprehensive trophic status index (TLI), water quality of Tianhe Reservoir is between oligotrophication and mesotrophication.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Fitoplâncton , China , Fósforo/análise , Estações do Ano , Qualidade da Água
18.
J Endovasc Ther ; : 15266028211028213, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic intimal intussusception is well described in the natural progression of type A aortic dissection. Only 3 cases of aortic intimal intussusception were reported to be related to thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for Stanford type B aortic dissection. In our study, we are reporting a rare but potentially fatal complication, the intraoperative stent-graft (SG)-induced aortic intimal intussusception (ISAII); this study reports a series of endovascular repair for ISAII cases. By presenting the ISAII definition, the diagnostic steps to rule out or to identify the condition, and the techniques to resolve it, we intended to raise the awareness of this severe complication, so that physicians can adapt to overcome the complications while performing TEVAR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ISAII was defined as the partial or circumferential disruption of the distal intimal flap as an intraoperative complication of endovascular treatment. From January 2014 to June 2020, 1,096 patients underwent TEVAR for Stanford type B aortic dissection at our hospital. Among them, 14 ISAII complications were witnessed. All these patients underwent endovascular repair for ISAII lesions, and their data were extracted for analysis. RESULTS: The ISAII lesions were classified into 3 types according to their location in different aortic segments: type I, ISAII was limited within the intended SG coverage segment; type II, ISAII occurred after SG introduction or deployment, and the detached intimal flap extended beyond the intended SG coverage segment but did not affect the abdominal aortic visceral branches; type III, ISAII occurred during SG introduction or deployment, and the detached intimal flap descended to the abdominal aortic segment with visceral branches. Our results showed ISAII as a rare complication with an incidence of 1.28% (14/1096), and endovascular repair for all types of ISAII is an effective treatment. With a mean follow-up of 27.36 months (range 5-71 months), all the ISAII lesions were stable, and all the major aortic branches, SGs, and bare stents were patent. CONCLUSIONS: The management of this potentially devastating intraoperative complication relies on accurate diagnosis and prompt management. Our results suggested that endovascular repair for ISAII is effective and durable for correcting this complication. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: [Formula: see text].

19.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(12): 6082-6087, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229807

RESUMO

The increase of harmful carbon monoxide (CO) caused by incomplete combustion can affect human health even lead to suffocation. Therefore reducing the CO discharged by vehicles or factories is urgent to improve the air quality. The spinel cobalt (II, III) oxide (Co3O4) is an active catalyst for CO abatement. In this study, we tried to fabricate dispersing Co3O4 via the dispersion-precipitation method with acetic acid, formic acid, and oxalic acid as the chelating dispersants. Then, the asprepared samples were calcined at 300 ºC for 4 h to obtain active catalysts, and assigned as Co(A), Co(F) and Co(O) respectively, the amount of the dispersants used are labeled as I (0.12 mole), II (0.03 mole) and III (0.01 mole). For comparison, another CoAP sample was prepared via alkaliinduced precipitation and calcined at 300 ºC. All samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and nitrogen adsorption/desorption system, and the catalytic activity focused on the CO oxidation. The influence of chelating dispersant on the performance of abatement of CO was pursued in this study. Apparently, the results showed that the chelating dispersant can influence the catalytic activity of CO abatement. An optimized ratio of dispersant can improve the performance, while excess dispersant lessens the surface area and catalytic performance. The series of Co(O) samples can easily donate the active oxygen since the labile Co-O bonding and indicated the preferential performance than both Co(A) and Co(F) samples. The nanorod Co(O)-II showed preferential for CO oxidation, T50 and T90 approached 96 and 127 ºC, respectively. Also, the favorable durability of Co(O)-II sample maintains 95% conversion still for 50 h at 130 ºC and does not emerge deactivation.

20.
EMBO Mol Med ; : e13086, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231322

RESUMO

Ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission drives high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. However, molecules targeting mitochondrial dynamics have shown limited benefits in murine obesity models. Here, we reveal that these compounds are either unable to block ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission or require extended incubation periods to be effective. In contrast, targeting endolysosomal trafficking events important for mitochondrial fission rapidly and robustly prevented ceramide-induced disruptions in mitochondrial form and function. By simultaneously inhibiting ARF6- and PIKfyve-dependent trafficking events, the synthetic sphingolipid SH-BC-893 blocked palmitate- and ceramide-induced mitochondrial fission, preserved mitochondrial function, and prevented ER stress in vitro. Similar benefits were observed in the tissues of HFD-fed mice. Within 4 h of oral administration, SH-BC-893 normalized mitochondrial morphology in the livers and brains of HFD-fed mice, improved mitochondrial function in white adipose tissue, and corrected aberrant plasma leptin and adiponectin levels. As an interventional agent, SH-BC-893 restored normal body weight, glucose disposal, and hepatic lipid levels in mice consuming a HFD. In sum, the sphingolipid analog SH-BC-893 robustly and acutely blocks ceramide-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, correcting diet-induced obesity and its metabolic sequelae.

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