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1.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 65: 67-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654738

RESUMO

Atheroembolic renal disease (AERD) is the major cause of renal insufficiency in the elderly, and particularly, the diagnose of AERD is often delayed and even missed due to its nonspecific presentation and the sudden occurrence of an embolic event. To investigate the feasibility of the view-shared compressed sensing (VCS) based dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in the assessment of AERD in animal models. The reproducibility of VCS DCE-MRI based glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation was first evaluated using the three healthy rabbits. Animal models of unilateral AERD were then conducted. All the rabbits underwent VCS DCE-MRI and the GFR maps were estimated by a commonly used cortical-compartment model. The whole kidney and suspicious lesion region GFR values of embolized kidneys were then compared with the corresponding values of normal kidneys. Finally, the suspicious lesion regions were confirmed by the corresponding renal specimens and histological findings. The reproducibility of GFR measurements was analyzed using the coefficient of variation and Bland-Altman analysis. The GFR values of normal and embolized kidneys were compared using the Student t-test. Contrast-enhanced images with sufficient diagnostic quality and reduced motion artifacts are obtained at a temporal resolution of 2.5 s. The Bland-Altman plot indicated close agreement between the GFR values estimated from between-day scans in healthy rabbits. Besides, there existed significant differences between the pixel-wise GFR values of normal and AERD kidneys in region-based comparison(P < 0.0001). The suspicious lesions are consistent well with the renal specimen and histological findings. The preliminary animal study verified the feasibility of VCS DCE-MRI for renal function evaluation, and the strategy could potentially provide a valuable tool to identify AERD.

2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 87: 1-9, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791483

RESUMO

In order to study the concentrations of major components, characteristics and comparison in hazy and non-hazy days of PM10 in Beijing, aerosol samples were collected at urban site in Beijing from December 29, 2014 to January 22, 2015. Heavy metals like Zn, Pb, Mn, Cu, As, V, Cr and Cd were deeply studied considering their toxic effects on human being; nine water-soluble inorganic ions (SO42-, NO3-, NH4+, Na+, K+, Cl-, Ca2+ and Mg2+) and carbon fractions (OC and EC) were also analyzed. The concentrations of heavy metals were 1.03-1.98 times higher in hazy days than those in non-hazy days, mainly due to biomass burning and coal burning. The trends in total heavy metals concentrations were basically consistent with the trends in PM concentrations except for two obvious periods (12.29-12.30; 1.14-1.15); but when air masses accumulated locally or around Beijing, trends in PM concentrations and heavy metals were opposite. The proportion for NO3-/SO42- indicated that mobile sources such as automobiles were important reasons for haze in Beijing. Correlation between OC and EC during non-hazy days was strong (R2 = 0.95) but it was low (R2 = 0.67) during hazy days, and large variations for OC/EC values occurred in hazy days. The calculated mass concentration of SOC is 2.58 µg/m3, which only accounted for 10.1% of the OC concentration. When air masses from the far north-west, they decreased PM concentration in Beijing and they were relatively clean; however, those from the near east, south-east and south of the mainland increased PM concentration and they were dirty.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794839

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare long-term survival outcomes and sequelae between children and adult nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the era of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data on 285 NPC patients aged ≤ 18 years old at diagnosis and treated with IMRT between January 2004 and November 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Propensity score matching method was adopted to screen matched adult NPC patients at a ratio of 1:3. Survival outcomes and treatment-related toxicities between children and adult groups were compared. RESULTS: In total, 159 children and 477 adult NPC patients were included in this study. The 5-year overall survival (OS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS), and disease-free survival (DFS) between children and adult were 89.2% vs 83.6% (P = 0.144), 88.7% vs 83.5% (P = 0.124), 96.4% vs 89.1% (P = 0.013), and 86.5% vs 77.3% (P = 0.021), respectively. Subgroup analyses revealed that the young age was an independent prognostic factor of OS, DMFS and LRRFS in advanced N stage (N2-3) group, and DFS in advanced T stage (T3-4) group, N2-3 and stage III-IVA groups. The most common sequela was ototoxicity (68.9%) in children patients and xerostomia (70.8%) in adult patients. Adult survivors had a significantly higher incidence of grade 3-4 late toxicities in xerostomia (17.6% vs. 8.9%, P = 0.004), skin dystrophy (9.3% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.022), neck fibrosis (8.3% vs. 4.4%, P < 0.001) and radiation encephalopathy (0.8% vs. 0, P = 0.006). Children survivors were more likely to develop grade 3-4 growth retardation and endocrine insufficiency (3.0% vs. 0.3%, P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Children NPC patients achieved significantly better survival outcomes but less late toxicities than adult patients. However, we should pay great attention to growth problems of children survivors.

4.
Lung Cancer ; 139: 133-139, 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring non-resistant uncommon epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations have stepped into the era of targeted therapy. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of acquired T790M mutation and their outcome to subsequent osimertinib in patients of advanced NSCLC harboring uncommon EGFR mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with EGFR mutation and performed re-biopsy after progression on prior EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were reviewed and analyzed. Those with T790M mutation and received subsequent osimertinib treatment were further collected for survival analysis. RESULTS: Finally, 754 patients, including 48 with uncommon mutation, 362 with 19del and 344 with L858R were enrolled. T790M mutation was identified in 341 patients (341/754, 45.2 %). The incidence of T790M mutation was 27.1 % in patients harboring uncommon mutations, significantly lower than 55.2 % and 37.2 % of 19del and L858R (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis further found uncommon mutation associated with significantly lower probability of developing T790M (odds ratio [OR] = 0.32, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.16-0.64). Among 236 patients received subsequent osimertinib treatment (including 12 uncommon mutation, 145 19del and 79 L858R), patients harboring uncommon mutations showed significantly shorter progression free survival (PFS) (median: 4.6 vs. 11.6 vs. 12.1 months, p < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (median: 8.1 vs. 35.4 vs. 24.9 months, p = 0.001) compared with 19del and L858R, also associated with numerically lower objective response rate (ORR) (p = 0.085) and lower disease control rate (DCR) (p = 0.074). Multivariate analysis further found that uncommon mutation was the only one significantly associated with both PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.44, 95 %CI 1.79-6.58) and OS (HR = 3.64, 95 %CI 1.66-7.99). CONCLUSIONS: Uncommon EGFR mutation showed a significantly lower incidence of acquired T790M mutation and benefited significantly less from subsequent osimertinib treatment than common EGFR mutations in patients with advanced NSCLC.

5.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7405-7420, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698619

RESUMO

Primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) is a major cause of blindness worldwide, with a particularly high prevalence in Asian populations. Laser iridotomy (LI) has been the standard therapeutic modality for treating PACG to avoid blindness. However, the complex structure of the eyeball, the aqueous fluidity, and the limitation of detecting equipment will cause difficulty in surgery and the probability of complications. Numerical simulation was conducted to investigate aqueous humor (AH) flow under different physiological structures before and after laser surgery. When the anterior chamber depth decreases from 2.8 mm to 2.0 mm (caused by angle-closure glaucoma), the maximum velocity of natural convection is doubled, and the pressure difference between the posterior and anterior chambers increases by 20%. Therefore, a shallow anterior chamber depth is crucial for the accurate investigation of glaucoma. Pupil block sharply increases the intraocular pressure (IOP). When the gap between the lens and iris decreases from 10 µm to 0.5 µm, P between the posterior and anterior chambers is approximately 37 times higher than before, thereby damaging intraocular tissues. LI can effectively reduce the IOP caused by pupil block, but the velocity of AH after operation is 40 times the normal condition, and the increased corneal shear stress could lead to corneal damage, which can be solved by adjusting the incident angle of laser beam On the basis of the allowable angle range of surgical equipment and the effect of different incident angles on the cornea and iris, the optimum angle of laser drilling is 45°.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lower limb chronic venous disease (CVD), resulting from iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), manifests as a series of symptoms ranging from varicose veins to venous ulcerations. Stent implantation has been considered an effective treatment method; however, the management of CVD has rarely been reported. In the present study, we evaluated the treatment and outcomes of patients with CVD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with severe iliac vein stenosis with lower limb CVD. The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 had received stenting alone (n = 42), and group 2 had received stenting and high ligation/endovenous laser treatment (n = 29). We evaluated the clinical outcomes using the Venous Clinical Severity Score and visual analog scale, and assessed the quality of life (QoL) using the Chronic Venous Disease QoL questionnaire at a median follow-up point of 15 months (range, 6-25 months). RESULTS: In our cohort, the prevalence rate of nonthrombotic IVCS (NIVCS) was 11.7% (98 of 838 patients). The technical success rate was 100%, without severe complications. During the study period, three group 1 patients and two group 2 patients were lost to follow-up. The overall patency rate in the patients with NIVCS during a mean follow-up period of 15.0 months (range, 6-25 months) was 94.4%. For patients with a Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, Pathophysiology (CEAP) clinical class of <4, all parameters showed similar improvements in the two groups, except for the disappearance of varicose veins. However, in patients with a CEAP clinical class of ≥4, the combination therapy significantly improved their QoL. The Venous Clinical Severity Score reduction was 4.64 ± 1.72 in group 1 and 11.89 ± 1.82 in group 2 (P < .01). Pain, scored using the visual analog scale, demonstrated a decrease from 4.41 to 2.52 (P < .05) in group 1 and 4.71 to 0.53 (P < .01) in group 2. The relief rate of stasis dermatitis in groups 1 and 2 was 26.9% and 90.5%, respectively (P < .05), and the venous ulceration healing rate was 16.7% and 87.5%, respectively (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of NIVCS should not be overlooked. The proposed combination treatment is an effective therapeutic strategy for patients with NIVCS and advanced CVD (CEAP clinical class, ≥4) during short-term follow-up.

7.
Inflammation ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720989

RESUMO

Periodontitis is an inflammation characterized by alveolar bone resorption caused by imbalance in bone homeostasis. It is known that autophagy is related to inflammation and bone metabolism. However, whether autophagy inhibitors could be used for periodontitis in animal models remains unknown. We investigated the role of two classical autophagy inhibitors, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and chloroquine (CQ), on the development of rat experimental periodontitis in terms of the bone loss (micro-CT), the number of inflammatory cells (hematoxylin and eosin staining), and the osteoclastic activity (tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining). Expression of autophagy-related genes and nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NF-κB p65) were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Expression of Beclin-1 and microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3 (LC3) were analyzed by Western blot. To further observe the effect of autophagy inhibitors on osteoclasts (OCs) in vitro, bone marrow-derived mononuclear macrophages were used. Together, these findings indicated that topical administration of 3-MA or CQ reduced the infiltration of inflammatory cells and alveolar bone resorption in experimental periodontitis. Furthermore, 3-MA and CQ may attenuate activation of OCs by autophagy. Therefore, 3MA and CQ may have prophylactic and therapeutic potential for inflammation and alveolar bone resorption in periodontitis in the future.

8.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e196, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744559

RESUMO

It is emphasized that environmental predictability is another important condition that plays roles in slow strategies that are related to innovation; that economic inequality, except as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, influences innovation; and that switching global life history from a slow to a fast strategy is a response adopted in response to new challenges during the post-Industrial Revolution period.

9.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460697, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733896

RESUMO

S9570-Fe(III), a modified chelating resin containing sulphonated monophosphonic acid bifunctional groups, was used for the fluoride removal from aqueous phase for the first time. The results specified that S9570-Fe(III) exhibited better adsorption towards the fluoride ions as compared to the other commonly used chelating resins having monofunctional group such as iminodiacetic acid, sulfonic acid or carboxylic acid. Adsorption thermodynamic and kinetic studies of S9570-Fe(III) chelating resin for the fluoride also have been carried out. The thermodynamic results demonstrated that the adsorption was a spontaneous process accompanied with a gradual decrease in entropy and the low temperature was favorable for the fluoride ion adsorption. The kinetic experiments showed that the resin exhibited a rapid initial adsorption behavior and the adsorption process more complied with the pseudo-second order reaction model which indicating that the whole adsorption process was controlled by a combined mechanism of intraparticle diffusion and chemical sorption. Adsorption mechanism of S9570-Fe(III) resin for fluoride ions was predicted. The study demonstrated the effectiveness of the phosphoric-sulfonic acid bifunctional group chelating resin to remove fluoride, and provided a novel type removal method for the fluoride.

10.
Zootaxa ; 4686(2): zootaxa.4686.2.11, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719496

RESUMO

Discoelius brevilamellatus Wang, Chen Li, sp. nov. is described and illustrated from Tibet, China, and Discoelius turneri (Meade-Waldo, 1910) is newly recorded from China.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Tibet
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696662

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves a dysregulated immune response to the gut microbiota. Emerging evidence has demonstrated that dysfunctions in caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 9 (CARD9) may contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD. Interestingly, an allelic series of Card9 variants have both a common predisposing and rare protective function in IBD patients. In this review, we provide mechanistic insights into the role of the CARD9 adaptor molecule in intestinal inflammation and determine a potential CARD9-targeting therapeutic approach against IBD.

13.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769520

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photosensitizer verteporfin is a clinically approved vascular disrupting modality that is currently in clinical trial for cancer treatment. In this study, we evaluated PDT in combination with either mTORC1 inhibitor rapamycin or mTORC1/C2 dual inhibitor AZD2014 for therapeutic enhancement in SVEC endothelial cells. Verteporfin-PDT alone induced cell apoptosis by activating the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. However, it increased the expression of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1 and the phosphorylation of S6, a downstream molecule of mTOR signaling. In contrast, mTOR inhibitors rapamycin and AZD2014 did not induce apoptosis in SVEC cells. They suppressed MCL-1 expression and S6 phosphorylation, and imposed a potent inhibition on cell proliferation. PDT in combination with mTOR inhibitors activated the intrinsic apoptotic pathway and resulted in increased apoptosis. Combination treatments also led to sustained inhibition of cell proliferation. Although AZD2014 was more effective for cell growth inhibition and PDT enhancement than rapamycin at the higher concentrations examined in the study, both inhibitors effectively enhanced PDT response, suggesting that inhibition of mTORC1 is crucial for PDT enhancement. Our results indicate that mTOR inhibitors mechanistically cooperate with PDT for enhanced cell death and sustained growth inhibition, supporting a combination approach for therapeutic enhancement.

14.
Mol Biotechnol ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749084

RESUMO

DNA cloning is the basic step for different fields of life science, and many efforts have been made to simplify this procedure. In this study, we report two general purpose plasmids (pGP), pGP-XB2E and pGP-B2E, for rapid and cost-effective construct of basic clones. The BciVI and XcmI cleavage sites are designed in pGP-XB2E to test plasmid linearization efficiency. The plasmid has better linearization efficiency by using BciVI which could almost completely digest 2 µg plasmid in 10 min with only one-tenth the recommended enzyme concentration. In order to further optimize the pGP-XB2E, a new plasmid, pGP-B2E, which removed XcmI cleavage site was designed. This vector is highly efficient for cloning PCR products up to 1812 bp, and the number of colonies was about five times that of pGP-XB2E. In addition to TA cloning, blunt-end PCR products with T ended in the primer could be positively linked to the T-vector pGP-B2E without A-tailing treatment (TB cloning). Moreover, as an entry vector, pGP-B2E was also compatible for gateway recombination reaction without frameshift mutations. In general, this vector provides a universal, quick, and cost-efficient method for basic molecular cloning.

15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 972, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, tuberculosis outbreaks in schools have occurred more frequently in China than in other parts of the world, and have posed a public health threat to students and their families. This systematic review aimed to understand the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks and analyze the factors associated with TB outbreaks in schools in China. METHODS: We conducted this systematic review following the standard procedures of the Cochrane Collaboration and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis statement. The meta-analysis was performed with STATA using a random effects model. RESULTS: We included 107 studies involving 1795 student patients with TB in mainland China. The results of the systematic analysis indicated that TB outbreaks were more frequently reported in senior middle schools and in Eastern China. The outbreaks mainly occurred during the winter and spring, and the median outbreak duration was 4 months. The meta-analysis showed that the total attack rate and the class attack rate of tuberculosis outbreaks among students were 4.60% (95% CI 3.80 to 5.70%) and 22.70% (95% CI 19.20 to 27.00%), respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that outbreaks that occurred at universities or colleges had a relatively higher attack rate than those occurred in senior middle schools. The prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among close contacts was 23.70% (95% CI 19.50 to 28.90%). The median case-finding interval was 2 months, and 47.40% of the index cases had a case-finding delay. CONCLUSION: The results of our review indicated that school TB outbreaks were reported most frequently in senior middle schools in China. The attack rates of outbreaks at universities or colleges were higher than those in senior middle schools. The TB outbreaks in schools usually occurred over prolonged periods. The case-finding delay in the index cases must be reduced to prevent transmission in classes and schools. Effective surveillance and screening of presumptive TB cases in schools should be strengthened to reduce outbreaks in schools.

16.
Reproduction ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756167

RESUMO

Sertoli cells are indispensable for normal spermatogenesis and increasing evidence has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the regulation of Sertoli cell growth. However, the functions and regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs in Sertoli cells of domestic animals have not been fully investigated. In the present study, we mainly investigated the regulatory roles of miR-499 in immature porcine Sertoli cells. The results showed that miR-499 was mainly located in the basement section of seminiferous tubules of prepubertal porcine testicular tissue. Overexpression of miR-499 promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis, whereas miR-499 inhibition resulted in the opposite effects. The PTEN gene was directly targeted by miR-499, and the expression of mRNA and protein was also negatively regulated by miR-499 in immature porcine Sertoli cells. siRNA-induced PTEN knockdown resulted in a similar effect as overexpression of miR-499, and abolished the effects of miR-499 inhibition on immature porcine Sertoli cells. Moreover, both miR-499 overexpression and the PTEN knockdown activated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, whereas inhibition of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway caused immature porcine Sertoli cell apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation. Overall, miR-499 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis in immature porcine Sertoli cells through the PI3K/AKT pathway by targeting the PTEN gene. This study provides novel insights into the effects of miR-499 in spermatogenesis through the regulation of immature Sertoli cell proliferation and apoptosis.

17.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 320, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The inflammation and regeneration process may be accompanied by the shift in the M1/M2 polarization of macrophages to adapt to extracellular signals. How the macrophages responded to the altered immunological environment in the periodontal niche after stem cell transplantation has never been explored. The purpose of present study is to investigate whether M1/M2 polarization of macrophages participated in the tissue homeostasis and wound healing during periodontal ligament stem cell (PDLSC)-based periodontal regeneration. METHODS: A rat periodontal defect model was utilized to observe the regeneration process in the PDLSC transplantation-enhanced periodontal repair. Dynamic changes in the markers of M1/M2 macrophages were observed on days 3, 7, and 21 post surgery. In addition, the outcome of regeneration was analyzed on day 21 after surgery. To further investigate the effect of PDLSCs on macrophage polarization, the conditioned medium of PDLSCs was utilized to treat M0, M1, and M2 macrophages for 24 h; markers of M1/M2 polarization were evaluated in macrophages. RESULTS: Elevated bone volume and average thickness of bone trabecular was observed in the PDLSC-treated group by micro-computed tomography on day 21. In addition, enhanced periodontal regeneration was observed in the PDLSC-treated group with cementum-like structure regeneration and collagen fiber formation, which inserted into the newly formed cementum. On day 3, PDLSC transplantation increased IL-10 level in the periodontal tissue, while decreased TNF-α in the early stage of periodontal regeneration. On day 7, enhanced CD163+ cell infiltration and heightened expression of markers of M2 macrophages were observed. Furthermore, conditioned medium from PDLSC culture induced macrophage polarization towards the anti-inflammatory phenotype by downregulating TNF-α and upregulating IL-10, Arg-1, and CD163 in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: PDLSCs could induce macrophage polarization towards the M2 phenotype, and the shift in the polarization towards M2 macrophages in the early stage of tissue repair contributed to the enhanced periodontal regeneration after stem cell transplantation. Therefore, signals from the transplanted PDLSCs might alter the immune microenvironment to enhance periodontal regeneration.

18.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 8901649, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781309

RESUMO

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most prevalent kidney malignancies. The tumor microenvironment (TME) is highly related to the oncogenesis, progress, and prognosis of ccRCC. The aim of this study was to infer the level of infiltrating stromal and immune cells and assess the prognostic value of them. The gene expression profile was obtained from TCGA and used for calculating the stromal and immune scores. Based on a cut-off value, patients were divided into low- and high-stromal/immune score groups. Survival analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic value of stromal and immune scores. Moreover, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) that are highly related to TME were determined and applied for functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. The Kaplan-Meier plot demonstrated that patients with high-immune scores and stromal scores had poorer clinical outcome. In addition, a total of 89 DEGs were identified and mainly involved in 5 pathways. The top 5 degree genes were extracted from the PPI network; among them, IL10 and XCR1 were highly associated with prognosis of ccRCC. The results of the present study demonstrated that ESTIMATE algorithm-based stromal and immune scores may be a credible indicator of cancer prognosis and IL10 along with XCR1 may be a potential key regulator for the TME of ccRCC.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729854

RESUMO

The Bi2Te3-based alloys have been commercialized for the applications of energy harvesting and refrigeration for decades. However, the commercial Bi2Te3-based alloys produced by the zone-melting (ZM) method usually show poor mechanical strength and crack problems as well as the sluggish figure of merit ZT, especially for the less-progressed n-type samples. In this work, we have simultaneously enhanced the thermoelectric and mechanical performance of the one-step spark plasma sintering (SPS)-derived n-type Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 alloys just by doping a small amount of superconducting material MgB2 where Mg and B atoms can play significant roles in carrier density optimization and hardness enhancement. Besides the optimization of carrier density, the MgB2 doping can also increase the carrier mobility but decrease the lattice and bipolar thermal conductivity, leading to a peak ZT of 0.96 at 325 K and an average ZT of 0.88 within 300-500 K in the 0.5% MgB2-doped Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 (BTSMB) alloys. The peak ZT and average ZT of our optimized BTSMB samples are comparable and higher than those of the state-of-the-art commercial ZM ingot. Moreover, the optimized BTSMB sample also exhibits almost 70% enhancement in hardness compared with the ZM ingot. Our results demonstrate the great potential of the MgB2 doping strategy for mass production of SPS-derived Bi2Te3-based alloys in one-step sintering.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(23)2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771239

RESUMO

The soilborne pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum is the causal agent of bacterial wilt (BW), a major disease of pepper (Capsicum annuum). The genetic basis of resistance to this disease in pepper is not well known. This study aimed to identify BW resistance markers in pepper. Analysis of the dynamics of bioluminescent R. solanacearum colonization in reciprocal grafts of a resistant (BVRC 1) line and a susceptible (BVRC 25) line revealed that the resistant rootstock effectively suppressed the spreading of bacteria into the scion. The two clear-cut phenotypic distributions of the disease severity index in 440 F2 plants derived from BVRC 25 × BVRC 1 indicated that a major genetic factor as well as a few minor factors that control BW resistance. By specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing combined with bulked segregant analysis, two adjacent resistance-associated regions on chromosome 10 were identified. Quantitative trait (QTL) mapping revealed that these two regions belong to a single QTL, qRRs-10.1. The marker ID10-194305124, which reached a maximum log-likelihood value at 9.79 and accounted for 19.01% of the phenotypic variation, was located the closest to the QTL peak. A cluster of five predicted R genes and three defense-related genes, which are located in close proximity to the significant markers ID10-194305124 or ID10-196208712, are important candidate genes that may confer BW resistance in pepper.

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