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1.
J Phys Chem A ; 125(19): 4126-4132, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961432

RESUMO

Since the discovery of metal-doped boron clusters attracted great significance to create a new class of materials, research interests have been directed to chemical bonding and structural evolution of lanthanide boride clusters. Here, we perform an extensive ground-state structure search for the CeBn and CeBn- clusters in the size range from 9 to 18 using the Crystal structure AnaLYsis by Particle Swarm Optimization method and density functional theory optimization. It is found that the ground-state structures in both neutral and anionic series possess half-sandwich geometry. The host boron moiety in neutral series has a tendency to form borophene-like geometry. The pentagonal and hexagonal holes are more common in the larger anionic CeBn- series. The theoretical photoelectron spectroscopy has been simulated by applying time-dependent density functional theory calculations. The neutral CeB14 cluster is identified as a magic cluster on the basis of its robust relative stability with respect to its neighbors. Electronic structure and chemical bonding analyses reveal that the CeB14 cluster possesses a large HOMO-LUMO gap and enhanced stability with strong delocalized π and δ bonding via interactions between the Ce 5d- and B 2p-AOs.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(3): 2166-2178, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438692

RESUMO

The coalescence of two Fe8N as well as the structure of the Fe16N2 cluster were studied using density functional theory with the generalized gradient approximation and a basis set of triple-zeta quality. It was found that the coalescence may proceed without an energy barrier and that the geometrical structures of the resulting clusters depend strongly on the mutual orientations of the initial moieties. The dissociation of N2 is energetically favorable on Fe16, and the nitrogen atoms share the same Fe atom in the lowest energy state of the Fe16N2 species. The attachment of two nitrogen atoms leads to a decrease in the total spin magnetic moment of the ground-state Fe16 host by 6 µB due to the peculiarities of chemical bonding in the magnetic clusters. In order to gain insight into the dependence of properties on charge and to estimate the bonding energies of both N atoms, we performed optimizations of Fe16N and the singly charged ions of both Fe16N2 and Fe16N. It was found that the electronic properties of the Fe16N2 cluster, such as electron affinity and ionization energy, do not appreciably depend on the attachment of nitrogen atoms but that the average binding energy per atom changes significantly. The lowering in total energy due to the attachment of two N atoms was found to be nearly independent of charge. The IR and Raman spectra were simulated for Fe16N2 and its ions, and it was found that the positions of the most intense peaks in the IR spectra strongly depend on charge and therefore present fingerprints of the charged states. The chemical bonding in the ground-state Fe16N20,±1 species was described in terms of the localized molecular orbitals.

3.
J Phys Chem A ; 124(44): 9187-9193, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085487

RESUMO

Transition metal-doped electronic deficiency boron clusters have led to a vast variety of electronic bonding properties in chemistry and materials science. We have determined the ground state structures of PdBn0/- (n = 10-20) clusters by performing CALYPSO search and density functional theory (DFT) optimization. The identified lowest energy structures for both neutral and anionic Pd-doped boron clusters follow the structure evolution from two dimensional (2D) planar configurations to 3D distorted Pd-centered drum-like or tubular structures. Photoelectron spectra are simulated by time-dependent DFT theoretical calculations, which is a powerful method to validate our obtained ground-state structures. More interestingly, two "magic" number clusters, PdB12 and PdB16, are found with enhanced stability in the middle size regime studied. Subsequently, molecular orbital and adaptive natural density partitioning analyses reveal that the high stability of the PdB16 cluster originates from doubly σ π aromatic and bonding interactions of d-type atomic orbitals of the Pd atom with tubular B16 units. The tubular C8v PdB16 cluster, with robust relative stability, is an ideal embryo for forming finite and infinite nanotube nanomaterials.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14367, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591442

RESUMO

Beryllium-doped boron clusters display essential similarities to borophene (boron sheet) with a molecular structure characterized by remarkable properties, such as anisotropy, metallicity and high conductivity. Here we have determined low-energy structures of BeBn0/- (n = 10-20) clusters by utilizing CALYPSO searching program and DFT optimization. The results indicated that most ground states of clusters prefer plane or quasi-plane structures by doped Be atom. A novel unexpected fascinating planar BeB16- cluster with C2v symmetry is uncovered which possesses robust relative stability. Furthermore, planar BeB16- offers a possibility to construct metallo-borophene nano-materials. Molecular orbital and chemical bonding analysis reveal the peculiarities of BeB16- cluster brings forth the aromaticity and the strong interaction of B-B σ-bonds in boron network.

5.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(48): 485302, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412328

RESUMO

Doping of boron-based materials with transition metal atoms allows one to tune or modify the properties and structure of the materials. In this work, an extensive search for the global minima on potential energy surfaces of ScB n and ScB[Formula: see text] clusters has been performed using the CALYPSO method. The structural evolution of scandium doped boron clusters of this range is found to proceed in three steps; namely, the formation of half-sandwich type structures is followed by the formation of drum-like structures with the Sc atom located at the center and terminates with the cage-like structures. It is also found that highly symmetrical geometric structures are more common for the smaller size range of [Formula: see text]. The neutral ScB13 cluster is identified as magic on the basis of an analysis of relative stabilities in the ScB n series. Our analysis of chemical bonding has shown that the stability of this cluster is mainly due to the formation of several delocalized [Formula: see text]-bonding molecular orbitals composed of Sc 3d and B 2s atomic orbitals. These bonds appear to be responsible for the enhanced stability of ScB13 with respect to other Sc-doped boron clusters.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(48): 30376-30383, 2018 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30489588

RESUMO

Modification of properties of boron nanoparticles by doping with transition metals presents a challenging problem because the number of isomers of both doped and un-doped nanoparticles rapidly increases with the nanoparticle size. Here, we perform a study of neutral and anionic Ru-doped boron clusters RuBn (n = 9-20) using the unbiased CALYPSO structural search method in combination with density functional theory calculations. Our results show that the neutral RuB9 cluster possesses a perfect planar wheel-like geometrical structure, whereas the RuBn clusters prefer structures of the half-sandwich type in the range of 10 ≤ n ≤ 14, drum-like type in the range of 15 ≤ n ≤ 18 and cage-like structures for larger n values. The geometrical structures of the lowest total energy states of the RuBn- anions are similar to those of the corresponding neutrals, except for RuB10-, RuB11-, RuB14-, RuB15- and RuB20-. The neutral RuB12 and RuB14 clusters are found to exhibit enhanced stability with respect to the rest of the RuBn clusters due to the delocalized bonding between the Ru atom and the boron host.

7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(37): 25289-25297, 2017 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28796272

RESUMO

New hypervalent molecules have emerged from a systematic exploration of the structure and bonding of MnC (M = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs; n = 1-8) clusters via an unbiased CALYPSO structure investigation combined with density functional theory. The global minimum structures are obtained at the B3LYP/6-311+G* and CCSD(T)/6-311+G* levels of theory. The observed growth behavior clearly indicates that the ground state of MnC (M = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs; n = 1-8) is transformed from a planar to a three-dimensional (3D) structure at n = 4. A maximum of six alkali atoms can be bound atomically to a carbon atom. The determination of the averaged binding energies Eb(n), fragmentation energies ΔE(n) and HOMO-LUMO energy gaps unambiguously supports the stability of M6C. This indicated conclusively that 6 is a magic Li-coordination number for C. The nature of bonding is further investigated by an insightful analysis of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the topology of chemical bonds for the most stable clusters. In the final step, electron localization functions (ELF) and density of states (DOS) are determined in order to consolidate the acquired information on the studied electronic structures.

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