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1.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735867

RESUMO

The surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) bioprobe's strategy for identifying tumor cells always depended on the intensity difference of the Raman signal compared with that of normal cells. Hence, exploring novel SERS nanostructure with excellent spectra stability, a high enhancement factor (EF), and good biocompatibility is a primary premise for boosting SERS signal reliability and accuracy of tumor cells. Here, high SERS EF (5.52 × 106) is acquired by developing novel amorphous nitrogen-doped carbon (NDC) nanocages (NCs), whose EF value was in a leading position among carbon-based SERS substrates. In addition, a uniform SERS signal was obtained on NDC NCs due to homogeneous morphology and size. The delocalized carbon-conjugated systems of graphitic-N, pyrrole-N, and pyridine-N with lone pair electrons increase the electronic density of states and reduce the electron localization function of NDC NCs, thereby promoting the charge transfer process. The electron-donor platform of the NDC NCs facilitates the thermodynamic process of charge transfer, resulting in multimode vibrational coupling in the surface complexes, which greatly amplifies the molecular polarizability. Importantly, the good biocompatibility and signal stability endow these NDC NC SERS bioprobes unique superiority in distinguishing tumor cells, and quantitative recognition of two triple-negative breast cancer cells based on SERS detection mode has been successfully realized.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723838

RESUMO

This study presents a novel perspective on the control of eutrophication by moving aeration through a ten-month pilot field study. Moving aeration significantly reduced the relative abundance of class Cyanobacteria by 14.01%, effectively preventing cyanobacteria from predominating in the overlying water. As a result, the deposition of TOC, N, and P in the surface of the sediment decreased by 90%, 73%, and 93% in comparison to the control group. The analysis of microbial community structure based on 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing showed that the order Bacillales and Micrococcales contributed to nitrogen removal significantly increased by 19.44% and 3.94%, respectively, while the order Steroidobacterales, Rhizobiales, and Microtrichales involved in the immobilization of carbon and nitrogen were significantly decreased by 4.03%, 2.69%, and 2.3% in the aeration group, respectively. Variation in the number of functional microorganisms based on the MPN method revealed that moving aeration promoted the growth of nitrifying bacteria and denitrifying bacteria. These findings demonstrated that moving aeration is effective in repairing eutrophic water and eliminating endogenous N pollutants.

3.
Chemosphere ; 315: 137776, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623593

RESUMO

Maternal exposure to regulated disinfection by-products (DBPs) during pregnancy has been linked with adverse birth outcomes. However, no human studies have focused on drinking water nitrosamines, a group of emerging unregulated nitrogenous DBPs that exhibits genotoxicity and developmental toxicity in experimental studies. This cohort study included 2457 mother-infant pairs from a single drinking water supply system in central China, and maternal trimester-specific and entire pregnancy exposure of drinking water nitrosamines were evaluated. Multivariable linear and Poisson regression models were used to estimate the associations between maternal exposure to nitrosamines in drinking water and birth outcomes [birth weight (BW), low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) and preterm delivery (PTD)]. Elevated maternal N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) exposure in the second trimester and N-nitrosopiperidine (NPIP) exposure during the entire pregnancy were associated with decreased BW (e.g., ß = -88.6 g; 95% CI: -151.0, -26.1 for the highest vs. lowest tertile of NDMA; p for trend = 0.01) and increased risks of PTD [e.g., risk ratio (RR) = 2.16; 95% CI: 1.23, 3.79 for the highest vs. lowest tertile of NDMA; p for trend = 0.002]. Elevated maternal exposure of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) in the second trimester was associated with increased risk of SGA (RR = 1.80; 95% CI: 1.09, 2.98 for the highest vs. lowest tertile; p for trend = 0.01). Our study detected associations of maternal exposure to drinking water nitrosamines during pregnancy with decreased BW and increased risks of SGA and PTD. These findings are novel but require replication in other study populations.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Nitrosaminas , Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Água Potável/análise , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Nitrosaminas/análise , Dimetilnitrosamina/análise , Peso ao Nascer , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal
4.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611011

RESUMO

Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally transmitted eye disease due to the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGC). Mitochondrial 11778G > A mutation is the most common LHON-associated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation. Our recent studies demonstrated some LHON families manifested by synergic interaction between m.11778G > A mutation and YARS2 allele (c.572G > T, p.Gly191Val) encoding mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. However, the RGC-specific effects of LHON-associated mtDNA mutations remains elusive and there is no highly effective therapy for LHON. Here, we generated patients-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from fibroblasts derived from a Chinese LHON family (both m.11778G > A and c.572G > T mutations, only m.11778G > A mutation, and control subject). The c.572G > T mutation in iPSC lines from a syndromic individual was corrected by CRISPR/Cas9. Those iPSCs were differentiated into neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and subsequently induced RGC-like cells using a stepwise differentiation procedure. Those RGC-like cells derived from symptomatic individual harboring both m.11778G > A and c.572G > T mutations exhibited greater defects in neuronal differentiation, morphology including reduced area of soma, numbers of neurites, and shortened length of axons, electrophysiological properties than those in cells bearing only m.11778G > A mutation. Furthermore, these RGC-like cells revealed more drastic reductions in oxygen consumption rates, levels of mitochondrial ATP and increasing productions of reactive oxygen species than those in other cell models. These mitochondrial dysfunctions promoted the apoptotic process for RGC degenerations. Correction of YARS2 c.572G > T mutation rescued deficiencies of patient-derived RGC-like cells. These findings provide new insights into pathophysiology of LHON arising from RGC-specific mitochondrial dysfunctions and step toward therapeutic intervention for this disease.

5.
Transl Oncol ; 29: 101628, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: CKAP4 (Cytoskeleton Associated Protein 4) has been reported as an important regulator of carcinogenesis. A great deal of uncertainty still surrounds the possible molecular mechanism of CKAP4 involvement in GBM. We aimed to specifically elucidate the putative role of CKAP4 in the development of GBM. METHODS: We identified divergent proteomics landscapes of GBM and adjacent normal tissues using mass spectrometry-based label-free quantification. Bioinformatics analysis of differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) led to the identification of CKAP4 as a hub gene. Based on the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas data, we characterized the elevated expression of CKAP4 in GBM and developed a prognostic model. The influence of CKAP4 on malignant behavior of GBM was detected in vitro and vivo, as well as its downstream target and signaling pathways. RESULTS: The prognosis model displayed accuracy and reliability for the probability of survival of patients with gliomas. CKAP4 knockdown remarkably reduced the malignant potential of GBM cells, whereas its overexpression reversed these effects in GBM cells and xenograft mice. Moreover, we demonstrated that overexpression of CKAP4 leads to increased FOXM1 (Forkhead Box M1) expression in conjunction with an increased level of AKT and ERK phosphorylation. Inhibition of both pathways had synergistic effects, resulting in greater effectiveness of inhibition. CKAP4 could reverse the deregulation of FOXM1 triggered by inhibition of AKT and ERK signaling. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to reveal a CKAP4-FOXM1 signaling cascade that contributes to the malignant phenotype of GBMs. The CKAP4-based prognostic model would facilitate individualized treatment decisions for glioma patients.

6.
Artif Intell Med ; 135: 102439, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36628797

RESUMO

Opioid overdose (OD) has become a leading cause of accidental death in the United States, and overdose deaths reached a record high during the COVID-19 pandemic. Combating the opioid crisis requires targeting high-need populations by identifying individuals at risk of OD. While deep learning emerges as a powerful method for building predictive models using large scale electronic health records (EHR), it is challenged by the complex intrinsic relationships among EHR data. Further, its utility is limited by the lack of clinically meaningful explainability, which is necessary for making informed clinical or policy decisions using such models. In this paper, we present LIGHTED, an integrated deep learning model combining long short term memory (LSTM) and graph neural networks (GNN) to predict patients' OD risk. The LIGHTED model can incorporate the temporal effects of disease progression and the knowledge learned from interactions among clinical features. We evaluated the model using Cerner's Health Facts database with over 5 million patients. Our experiments demonstrated that the model outperforms traditional machine learning methods and other deep learning models. We also proposed a novel interpretability method by exploiting embeddings provided by GNNs to cluster patients and EHR features respectively, and conducted qualitative feature cluster analysis for clinical interpretations. Our study shows that LIGHTED can take advantage of longitudinal EHR data and the intrinsic graph structure of EHRs among patients to provide effective and interpretable OD risk predictions that may potentially improve clinical decision support.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Overdose de Opiáceos , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pandemias , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas
7.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 51(1): 44-53, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical clinical syndrome with high rates of incidence and mortality. However, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. The current work aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of ALI by identifying different expression genes (DEGs) and candidate drugs using a combination of chip analysis and experimental validation. METHODS: Three microarray datasets were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to obtain DEGs. We conducted a Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway-enrichment analyses of overlapping DEGs among three databases. The expression level of key gene was verified by Western blotting analysis in LPS-treated ALI cell models. Finally, we predicted the candidate drugs targeting the key gene that might be effective for ALI treatment, and the role of candidate drug in treating ALI was verified by investigation. RESULTS: A total 29 overlapping DEGs were up-regulated in LPS-induced ALI groups. They were enriched in inflammation and inflammation-related pathways. Serpin family A member 3 (SERPINA3) was defined as a key gene because it was associated with inflammation pathway and up-regulated in microarray datasets in LPS-induced ALI. In LPS-induced human bronchial epithelial cells transformed with Ad12-SV40-2B (BEAS-2B) cells, SERPINA3 was enhanced. Pyridoxal phosphate as an upstream drug of SERPINA3 could improve cell viability and reduce expression inflammatory factors in LPS-treated BEAS-2B cells. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that pyridoxal phosphate could be a candidate drug targeting SERPINA3 gene in LPS-induced ALI. It has protective and anti-inflammatory effects in BEAS-2B cells, and may become a potential novel treatment for ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Fosfato de Piridoxal , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/genética , Biomarcadores , Biologia Computacional , Inflamação , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Fosfato de Piridoxal/farmacologia
8.
Water Res ; 231: 119597, 2023 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702021

RESUMO

Iron release from pipe scale is an important reason for water quality deterioration in drinking water distribution systems (DWDS) globally. Disruption of pipe scale, release and transformation of iron compounds are hot topics in the field of water supply. The aim of this study is to determine whether and how ferric components in pipe scale be reduced under anoxic condition. In this study, new investigation approaches were applied, which include simplifying the complex scale into electrode pairs, developing novel simulating reactors and conducting tailored electrochemical assays. A galvanic cell reactor with anode of metallic iron (Fe0) and various cathode made of certain iron oxide (FeOx) was firstly developed to simulate the complex niche and components of pipe scale. Electrochemical methods were used to study the reduction characteristics of scale. The results proved that reduction of iron oxide scale did occur under anoxic condition. Electromotive forces between various electrodes match the Nernst Equation quite well. As main components in pipe scale, lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH) was found to be the most reducible iron oxide but at low rate, while goethite (α-FeOOH) has weak reducibility but can be quickly reduced. As a result of electrochemical reactions, goethite in pipe scale was transformed into magnetite (Fe3O4). By these means, electrochemical reaction mechanisms of pipe scale disruption were revealed, which is helpful to restrain pipe corrosion and water deterioration in DWDS.

9.
Neuro Oncol ; 2023 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lack of murine glioblastoma models that mimic the immunobiology of human disease has impeded basic and translational immunology research. We therefore developed murine glioblastoma stem cell lines derived from Nestin-CreERT2QkL/L; Trp53L/L; PtenL/L (QPP) mice driven by clinically relevant genetic mutations common in human glioblastoma. This study aims to determine the immune sensitivities of these QPP lines in immunocompetent hosts and underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The differential responsiveness of QPP lines was assessed in the brain and flank in untreated, anti-PD-1, or anti-CTLA-4 treated mice. The impact of genomic landscape on responsiveness of each tumor was measured through whole exome sequencing. The immune microenvironments of sensitive (QPP7) versus resistant (QPP8) lines were compared in the brain using flow cytometry. Drivers of flank sensitivity versus brain resistance were also measured for QPP8. RESULTS: QPP lines are syngeneic to C57BL/6J mice and demonstrate varied sensitivities to T cell immune checkpoint blockade ranging from curative responses to complete resistance. Infiltrating tumor immune analysis of QPP8 reveals improved T cell fitness and augmented effector to suppressor ratios when implanted subcutaneously (sensitive), which are absent upon implantation in the brain (resistant). Upregulation of PD-L1 across the myeloid stroma acts to establish this state of immune privilege in the brain. In contrast, QPP7 responds to checkpoint immunotherapy even in the brain likely resulting from its elevated neoantigen burden. CONCLUSIONS: These syngeneic QPP models of glioblastoma demonstrate clinically-relevant profiles of immunotherapeutic sensitivity and potential utility for both mechanistic discovery and evaluation of immune therapies.

10.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 51(1): 44-53, ene. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214021

RESUMO

Background/objective: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical clinical syndrome with high rates of incidence and mortality. However, its molecular mechanism remains unclear. The current work aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of ALI by identifying different expression genes (DEGs) and candidate drugs using a combination of chip analysis and experimental validation. Methods: Three microarray datasets were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to obtain DEGs. We conducted a Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway-enrichment analyses of overlapping DEGs among three databases. The expression level of key gene was verified by Western blotting analysis in LPS-treated ALI cell models. Finally, we predicted the candidate drugs targeting the key gene that might be effective for ALI treatment, and the role of candidate drug in treating ALI was verified by investigation. Results: A total 29 overlapping DEGs were up-regulated in LPS-induced ALI groups. They were enriched in inflammation and inflammation-related pathways. Serpin family A member 3 (SERPINA3) was defined as a key gene because it was associated with inflammation pathway and up-regulated in microarray datasets in LPS-induced ALI. In LPS-induced human bronchial epithelial cells transformed with Ad12-SV40-2B (BEAS-2B) cells, SERPINA3 was enhanced. Pyridoxal phosphate as an upstream drug of SERPINA3 could improve cell viability and reduce expression inflammatory factors in LPS-treated BEAS-2B cells. Conclusion: Our study suggested that pyridoxal phosphate could be a candidate drug targeting SERPINA3 gene in LPS-induced ALI. It has protective and anti-inflammatory effects in BEAS-2B cells, and may become a potential novel treatment for ALI (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/diagnóstico , Lipopolissacarídeos , Biomarcadores , Células Cultivadas , Expressão Gênica , Serpinas
11.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 20, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596764

RESUMO

Miniaturized rotors based on Marangoni effect have attracted great attentions due to their promising applications in propulsion and power generation. Despite intensive studies, the development of Marangoni rotors with high rotation output and fuel economy remains challenging. To address this challenge, we introduce an asymmetric porosity strategy to fabricate Marangoni rotor composed of thermoresponsive hydrogel and low surface tension anesthetic metabolite. Combining enhanced Marangoni propulsion of asymmetric porosity with drag reduction of well-designed profile, our rotor precedes previous studies in rotation output (~15 times) and fuel economy (~34% higher). Utilizing thermoresponsive hydrogel, the rotor realizes rapid refueling within 33 s. Moreover, iron-powder dopant further imparts the rotors with individual-specific locomotion in group under magnetic stimuli. Significantly, diverse functionalities including kinetic energy transmission, mini-generator and environmental remediation are demonstrated, which open new perspectives for designing miniaturized rotating machineries and inspire researchers in robotics, energy, and environment.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Porosidade , Fenômenos Físicos , Tempo , Tensão Superficial
12.
Inflamm Res ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endotoxin tolerance (ET) is a protective mechanism in the process of sepsis, septic shock, and their sequelae including uncontrolled inflammation. Accumulating evidence has shown that peripheral T cells contribute to the induction of ET. However, what and how T-cell development contributes to ET inductions remain unclear. METHODS: Mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS at a concentration of 5 mg/kg to establish an LPS tolerance model and were divided into two groups: a group examined 72 h after LPS injection (72-h group) and a group examined 8 days after LPS injection (8-day group). Injection of PBS was used as a control. We performed high-throughput sequencing to analyze the characteristics and changes of CD4+SP TCRß CDR3 repertoires with respect to V direct to J rearrangement during the ET induction. Moreover, the proportion and proliferation, as well as surface molecules such as CD80 and CD86, of F4/80+ macrophages were analyzed using FCM. Furthermore, ACT assay was designed and administered by the tail vein into murine LPS-induced mouse model to evaluate the role of F4/80+ macrophages on the development of CD4+SP thymocytes in ET condition. RESULTS: We found that the frequency and characteristics of the TCRß chain CDR3 changed obviously under condition of ET, indicating the occurrence of TCR rearrangement and thymocyte diversification. Moreover, the absolute numbers of F4/80+ macrophages, but not other APCs, were increased in thymic medulla at 72-h group, accompanied by the elevated function-related molecules of F4/80+ macrophages. Furthermore, adoptively transferred OVA332-339 peptide-loaded macrophages into Rag-1-/- mice induced the clone deletion of OVA-specific CD4+SP, thereby ameliorating the pathology in lung tissue in LPS challenge. CONCLUSIONS: These data reveal that the frequency and characteristics of the TCRß chain CDR3 undergo dynamic programming under conditions of LPS tolerance. Furthermore, the peripheral macrophages may be a key factor which carry peripheral antigen to thymic medulla and affect the negative selection of T-cell population, thereby contributing to the formation of ET. These results suggest that the clone selection in thymus in ET may confer protection against microbial sepsis.

13.
World J Surg ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633646

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The potential association between severe postoperative complications (SPC) and the oncological outcomes of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients according to the different Naples Prognostic Score (NPS) of the inflammatory nutritional status after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is unclear. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) between with or without SPC (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III) in low NPS status (NPS = 0 or 1) and high NPS status (NPS = 2 or 3 or 4) patients. Cox multivariable analysis was carried out to analyze the various independent factors of OS and DFS, and a nomogram based on SPC was established. RESULTS: A total of 20.7% (125/604) ESCC patients developed SPC after MIE. Patients with SPC exhibited poor 5-year OS and DFS compared to those without SPC (all P < 0.001). Further analysis revealed that SPC significantly reduced OS and DFS in patients with high NPS status (all P < 0.001) but had little effect on the prognosis of patients with low NPS status (all P > 0.05). Multivariable Cox analysis revealed that SPC could be an independent influence indicator for OS and DFS in patients with high NPS status. Therefore, a novel nomogram combining SPC and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging has been developed, which was found to be relatively more accurate in predicting OS and DFS than TNM staging alone. CONCLUSION: Severe complications can adversely affect the long-term oncological outcome of ESCC patients with high systemic inflammatory response and malnutrition after MIE.

14.
Pharm Stat ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601703

RESUMO

The non-inferiority of one treatment/drug to another is a common and important issue in medical and pharmaceutical fields. This study explored a fiducial approach for testing the non-inferiority of proportion difference in matched-pairs design. Approximate tests constructed using fiducial quantities with a combination of different parameters were proposed. Four simulation studies were employed to compare the performance of fiducial tests by comparing their type I errors and powers. The results showed that fiducial quantities with parameter 0.6 ≤ w 1 ≤ 0.8 $$ 0.6\le {w}_1\le 0.8 $$ performed satisfactorily from small to large samples. Therefore, the fiducial tests could be recommended for practical applications. The recommended fiducial tests might be a competitive alternative to other available tests. Three real data sets were analyzed to illustrate the proposed methods were competitive or even better than other tests.

15.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 86(2): 227-232, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36652569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Implant-associated infection remains a major complication of orthopedic surgery. The treatment of such infection is complicated by bacterial biofilm formation on the metal surfaces of implants. Biofilm surrounds and protects the bacteria against the organism's endogenous defense system and from external agents such as antibiotics and mechanical debridement. This study aims to evaluate whether freezing nitrogen ethanol composite (FNEC), the combination of liquid nitrogen and 95% ethanol in a 3 to 1 ratio, used frequently in bone tumor surgery, is capable of disinfecting Staphylococcus aureus contaminated implants. METHODS: The femurs of six New Zealand white rabbits were implanted with S. aureus-contaminated screws, half of which were treated with FNEC before implantation. The femurs were harvested 14 days after implantation. Histological analysis and TUNEL assay were conducted. The autoclaved screw, contaminated screw, and FNEC-treated contaminated screw were investigated using scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the biofilm structure. RESULTS: The FNEC-treated group had significantly lower relative C-reactive protein levels. An obvious periosteal reaction at the implant site was observed in all rabbits in the non-FNEC group but none was observed in the FNEC-treated group. The FNEC-treated group exhibited fewer empty lacunae, less inflammatory infiltration, and less bone necrosis. Immunohistochemical analysis showed no S. aureus in bone tissue from the FNEC-treated group. Scanning electron microscopy showed disruption of the biofilm on the contaminated screw treated with FNEC. CONCLUSION: FNEC showed potential in disinfecting S.aureus-contaminated implants. Further investigation is warranted, such as the effect on the implant-cement-bone interface, for FNEC to be used clinically in treating implant-associated infection.


Assuntos
Infecções Estafilocócicas , Staphylococcus aureus , Animais , Coelhos , Congelamento , Etanol/farmacologia , Nitrogênio/farmacologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Biofilmes , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Parafusos Ósseos/efeitos adversos
16.
Science ; 379(6629): 294-299, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656947

RESUMO

Noise is usually undesired yet inevitable in science and engineering. However, by introducing the engineered noise to the precise solution of Jones matrix elements, we break the fundamental limit of polarization multiplexing capacity of metasurfaces that roots from the dimension constraints of the Jones matrix. We experimentally demonstrate up to 11 independent holographic images using a single metasurface illuminated by visible light with different polarizations. To the best of our knowledge, it is the highest capacity reported for polarization multiplexing. Combining the position multiplexing scheme, the metasurface can generate 36 distinct images, forming a holographic keyboard pattern. This discovery implies a new paradigm for high-capacity optical display, information encryption, and data storage.

17.
J Tradit Complement Med ; 13(1): 51-61, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685080

RESUMO

Background and aim: Du-Huo-Ji-Sheng-Tang (DHJST) is a Chinese herbal formula used for arthralgia and arthritis treatment clinically. This study aims to evaluate the joint-protecting efficacy of DHJST and to identify the active constituents as the evaluation marker. Experimental procedure: DHJST can be categorized into three recipes: Blood-tonifying-herbs Si-Wu-Tang (SWT), Wind-dampness-dispelling-herbs (WDH) and Qi-tonifying-herbs (TH). All formulas were used to explore the joint-protecting efficacies. Results and conclusion: s: Firstly, DHJST could decrease the arthritis progression in the monosodium-iodoacetate-induced rat and cure arthritis in the type II collagenase-induced rat. Further, in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, DHJST, TH and Cinnamomum cassia (CC), an ingredient in TH, were the most potent nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibitors. The major components, cinnamic aldehyde, showed the strongest NO and PGE2 inhibition. Up-regulated inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 were inhibited by DHJST, TH, CC, and cinnamic aldehyde. In interleukin-1ß-stimulated primary chondrocytes, upregulated iNOS was inhibited by DHJST, TH, Cinnamomum cassia, and cinnamic aldehyde. Upregulated matrix metalloprotease-13 was only inhibited by DHJST and TH and Eucommia ulmoides (EU) extract. Results suggest that DHJST presented joint-protective and cure arthritis effects. TH presented equal joint-protective effects as DHJST. The major anti-inflammatory ingredient in TH was Cinnamomum cassia in TH. And cinnamic aldehyde was the potent anti-inflammatory active compound in Cinnamomum cassia. Therefore, this study may facilitate the modern use of DHJST with TH as a simplified version but equally effective anti-osteoarthritic agents with cinnamic aldehyde as a quality control marker of DHJST and TH in osteoarthritis prevention or treatment.

18.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 8(1): 130-132, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36685656

RESUMO

In this study, we sequenced and analyzed the complete mitogenome of Smerinthus caecus Ménétriés, 1857. The mitogenome of S. caecus is a circular structure, and 15,363 bp long in size and encodes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), and a control region (CR). An extremely high AT bias of 79.2% was found in the nucleotide composition of mitogenome. Most of the PCGs used ATN as the start codon and TAA or TAG as the stop codon, which is similar to most other insect mitogenomes, except cox1, which starts with CGA. The phylogeny of Smerinthinae was reconstructed using a maximum-likelihood method, a total of 33 mitogenomes were sampled for phylogenetic analyses. The subfamily Langiinae was selected as outgroup. The results confirmed the position of S. caecus in the Smerinthinae, in which Smerinthus caecus was placed as the sister taxon to Smerinthus planus, then to Laothoe amurensis.

19.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 10: 17-26, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660410

RESUMO

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of Yttrium-90 radioembolization using in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: From 2017 to 2021, 32 patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma, with mean tumor diameter about 7cm (21 males, 11 females; median age, 57.5 years of age), treated with Yttrium-90 radioembolization using resin microspheres were reviewed at pre-Yttrium-90 and post-Yttrium-90 follow-up. Tumor response was assessed according to the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Outcomes including overall survival and progression-free survival were reported. Results: Median follow-up was 18 months. At follow-up examinations at 3-, 6-, and 12-months follow-up, the overall survival rates were 94%, 87% and 59%, and the progression-free survival rates were 78%, 64% and 60%, respectively. Complete response, partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease were noted in 7 (21.9%), 14 (43.7%), 4 (12.5%), and 7 (21.9%) patients, respectively. The disease control rate was 78.1%, the objective response rate was 65.6%, and the successful downstage rate was 34.4% (11 of 32). Nine of thirty-two patients underwent resection or transplantation after Yttrium-90 radioembolization with 2-year overall survival being 100%. No serious adverse events occurred after Yttrium-90 treatment. Worse overall survival was related to the larger tumor, higher stage, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, and Child-Pugh score. And worse progression-free survival was related to the higher tumor burden, and pre-Yttrium-90 serum α-fetoprotein level >100. Conclusion: Yttrium-90 Radioembolization can control hepatocellular carcinoma well even in advanced diseases. Patients successfully downstaging/bridging to resection or transplantation have excellent overall survival.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 868: 161518, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642276

RESUMO

Cyanobacterial blooms are a major environmental problem in eutrophic reservoirs in China. Algal cells can migrate to the sediment surface in winter and maintain biological activity, which could further affect the cycling process of sediment phosphorus (P) and iron (Fe). In this study, a pilot simulation experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of overwintering cyanobacteria (Owc) on P and Fe regeneration across the sediment-water interface (SWI). Owc esterase activity ranged from 16.4 to 26.6 nmol (FDA)/(L·h), with a fluctuating increasing trend within the incubation time. Compared with the control (no Owc), Owc treatment increased the redox potential value (Eh) at the SWI but slightly decreased the pH during the first stage of this experiment (0-24 d); however, the Eh at the SWI under Owc treatment decreased to 50.9 % of that of the control on day 90. The Fe(II) could rapidly oxidized to Fe (oxyhydro)oxides and combine with phosphate in high Eh environments, and Owc inhibited P and Fe release at the SWI within 24 days; however, the continuous decrease in Eh resulted in the reduction of Fe(III). Thus, the Fe concentration measured via diffusive gradients in thin films in the Owc-treated interstitial water gradually increased to 1.92 times that of the control, promoting the release of Fe and P across the SWI. For 13 days after Owc addition, the amount of mobile P in the sediment was significantly higher than that in the control, and it gradually decreased from day 24 to 90, with the lowest being approximately 74.1 % of the amount in the control. The reactive Fe concentration in the sediment showed a similar variation trend. These results indicate that mobile P and reactive Fe in the sediment could be the main sources of regeneration across the SWI in the presence of Owc.

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