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1.
Appl Opt ; 58(20): 5366-5374, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504004

RESUMO

Two or more focal planes are required in augmented reality head-up displays (AR HUDs) to respectively present basic and interactive driving information to car drivers; whereas, solutions using two separated picture generation units (PGUs) with two sets of optics incur increased cost, reduced reliability, and expanded volume. To develop an AR HUD using a single PGU and a single curved mirror, we propose to set two logically separated regions on a single PGU and optically relay one of them to a new position to create two focal planes. A single freeform mirror acquired through careful optical and mechanical design optimization produces high image quality in an eyebox of 120 mm by 60 mm, simultaneously for a far image (9 m, 10° by 3°) and a near image (2.5 m, 6° by 2°). Finally, an AR HUD product with a compact volume of 8.5 L is fabricated to experimentally verify the design.

2.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 13(1): 411, 2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578467

RESUMO

High-brightness white-light-emitting diodes (w-LEDs) with excellent color quality is demonstrated by using nontoxic nanomaterials. Previously, we have reported the high color quality w-LEDs with heavy-metal phosphor and quantum dots (QDs), which may cause environmental hazards. In the present work, liquid-type white LEDs composed of nontoxic materials, named as graphene and porous silicon quantum dots are fabricated with a high color rendering index (CRI) value gain up to 95. The liquid-typed device structure possesses minimized surface temperature and 25% higher value of luminous efficiency as compare to dispensing-typed structure. Further, the as-prepared device is environment friendly and attributed to low toxicity. The low toxicity and high R9 (87) component values were conjectured to produce new or improve current methods toward bioimaging application.

3.
Opt Express ; 24(2): A341-9, 2016 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26832586

RESUMO

A novel combination of blue LED chips, transparent glass substrates and phosphors with PDMS thin film is demonstrated. The flip-chip bonding technology is applied to facilitate this design. The ZrO(2) nanoparticles are also doped into the PDMS film to increase light scattering. The resultant luminous efficiency shows an 11% enhancement when compared to the regular COG device. The variation of correlated color temperature of such devices is also reduced to 132K. In addition to these changes, the surface temperature is reduced from 121°C to 104°C due to good thermal dissipation brought by ZrO(2) nanoparticles.

4.
Appl Opt ; 54(28): E123-8, 2015 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26479641

RESUMO

Detection of wafer/die crack after the wafer dicing process is important for yield rate control prior to packaging. The traditional approach of microscopic examination is done after the dies are stripped from the dicing tape, and further crack propagation could result from this pick-and-place process. An on-tape crack inspection technique is proposed in this paper so that the crack from the dicing process can be clearly identified. The issues of seeing through the silicon substrate and the scattering at the dicing tape have been resolved, respectively, using a near-infrared wavelength of 1100 nm for illumination and using a feeding index matching liquid for filling the rough surface of the tape. Both the illumination and imaging optics of the inspection system have been designed and simulated with a ray-tracing program, and the prototype demonstrates the ability of seeing through the silicon substrate and dicing tape as well as detecting micro-crack down to 1.25 µm, whose resolution is sufficient for most applications of die crack inspection.

5.
Appl Opt ; 54(28): E23-9, 2015 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26479658

RESUMO

Light guides have been widely used for transforming line sources into planar illuminators for lighting and display applications. Solid light guides provide good uniformity but still have the issues of heavy weight and material absorption, especially for large applications. Hollow light guides solve the problem of weight, but the uniformity is relatively poor or efficiency could be sacrificed for enhancing uniformity. In this paper, a hollow light guide with edge-lit LED sources has been proposed to simultaneously resolve the issues of weight, uniformity, and efficiency. The major approach is to modulate the LED luminous intensity profile by a ring of parabolic surface with continuously varied focal length. The modulated light emitting profile directly makes up sufficient uniformity on the planar surface, and extra components are not required. The prototype is a circular planar illuminator with a diameter of 178 mm and a weight of 240 g. The experiment shows an overall efficiency of 82.37%, with a uniformity of 83.7%. The weight of the whole module is 40% lighter than that of a solid light guide with the same size.

6.
Appl Opt ; 54(28): E94-101, 2015 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26479672

RESUMO

The penetration of LED light bulbs into the lighting market is growing quickly in recent years due to significant increase of LED efficiency and reduction of cost. One major issue to be improved is the overall light bulb efficiency, which can fulfill "Energy Star for Lamps" while keeping sufficiently high efficiency. The efficiency issue results mainly from the high directionality of the LED sources and the corresponding solutions to make the emission more diverse. In this paper, a diffusion white reflection sheet (DWRS) with an array of holes is proposed as a high efficiency solution for modulating a light emission profile with SMD type LED source. The hole size is adjusted with fixed hole pitch to both maximize the efficiency and meet the omnidirectional specification. In addition, the concept of thermal plastic insertion molding metal is proposed for thermal management without fins for cooling. The prototype demonstrates the efficiency (Ef.) of 87.6% and LED pad temperature of 85°C, which shows the feasibility as a total solution for high efficiency LED omnidirectional bulbs.

7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 14(8): 14235-52, 2014 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25098206

RESUMO

Pressure ulcers can be a fatal complication. Many immobile wheelchair users face this threat. Current passive and active cushions do reduce the incidence of pressure ulcers and they have different merits. We proposed an active approach to combine their advantages which is based on the concept that the interface pressure can be changed with different supporting shapes. The purpose of this paper is to verify the proposed approach. With practical applications in mind, we have developed a modular system whose support surface is composed by height-adjustable support elements. Each four-element module was self-contained and composed of force sensors, position sensors, linear actuators, signal conditioners, driving circuits, and signal processors. The modules could be chained and assembled together easily to form different-sized support surfaces. Each support element took up a 3 cm × 3 cm supporting area. The displacement resolution was less than 0.1 mm and the force sensor error was less than 1% in the 2000 g range. Each support element of the system could provide 49 N pushing force (408 mmHg over the 3 cm × 3 cm area) at a speed of 2.36 mm/s. Several verification tests were performed to assess the whole system's feasibility. Further improvements and clinical applications were discussed. In conclusion, this modularized system is capable of actively managing interface pressure in real time.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento/instrumentação , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Pressão/efeitos adversos , Tensão Superficial , Software , Cadeiras de Rodas/efeitos adversos
8.
Nanotechnology ; 24(26): 265301, 2013 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23735852

RESUMO

Sub-15 nm-wide gratings with a high aspect ratio of up to 16:1 were fabricated using roll-to-roll nanoimprinting and plasma trimming to achieve high optical performance (up to 12 000:1 extinction ratio with an average transmittance of 82%) and low colour shift (transmittance variation less than 3%) flexible wire-grid polarizers for display applications. We applied two imprint platforms onto glass and plastic substrates to identify the optical properties and characteristics of each fabrication process. To enhance the tolerance, reproducibility, and optical performance of the process, the grating profile symmetry and varying residual layer thicknesses were precisely simulated and controlled to achieve the design targets.

9.
Opt Express ; 20(5): 4819-29, 2012 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22418288

RESUMO

Efficiency of liquid crystal displays highly depends on the amount of polarized light emerging from the backlight module. In this paper, a backlight architecture using a nanoimprint wire grid polarizer for polarization recycling is proposed and studied, in which the extraction efficiency of polarized light is the major concern. The backlight module is composed of the stack of a wire grid polarizer, a lenticular array and a light guide plate. The light guide plate features interleaving v-groove and trapezoidal ridge coated with aluminum on the top surface, and scattering dot array on the bottom. The angular divergence of emerging light from the light guide plate can be well constrained so as to exploit the angular range with the best transmission of polarized light for the wire grid polarizer. The prototype of a 2.5-inch module has demonstrated an angular divergence of 48°. The overall extraction efficiency of polarized light enhanced by 21% and uniformity of 76% have been achieved.


Assuntos
Iluminação/instrumentação , Nanoestruturas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Refratometria/instrumentação , Transferência de Energia , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Luz , Espalhamento de Radiação
10.
Opt Express ; 19 Suppl 4: A930-6, 2011 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21747563

RESUMO

High efficiency white light-emitting diodes with superior color-mixing have been investigated. It is suggested that the patterned remote phosphor structure could improve the uniformity of angular-dependent correlated color temperature (CCT) and achieve high chromatic stability in wider operating current range, as compared to the conventional remote phosphor coating structure. In this experiment, we employed a pulse spray coating method to place the patterned phosphor on the package and to leave a window region. The window area, a clear space without coating of the phosphor not only increases the extraction efficiency of blue rays at large angle, but also improves the stability of angular-dependent CCT. Moreover, the CCT deviation could be reduced from 1320 K to 266 K by this patterned remote phosphor method, and the stray blue/yellow light within the package can be effectively reduced and controlled. The design was verified both experimentally and theoretically.

11.
Opt Express ; 18(2): 645-55, 2010 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20173884

RESUMO

A color-separation system that angularly positions color LEDs to produce color separation and a lens array to focus this light onto the pixels is proposed. The LED rays from different incident angles are mapped into corresponding sub-pixel positions to efficiently display color image, which can be used to replace the absorbing color filter in the conventional liquid crystal layer. In this paper, the prototype backlight has been designed, fabricated and characterized. The measurement results of this module showed that a gain factor of transmission efficiency three times more than that of conventional color filters efficiency improvement and a larger color gamut are expected.


Assuntos
Cor , Iluminação/instrumentação , Refratometria/instrumentação , Semicondutores , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador/instrumentação , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Luz , Projetos Piloto , Espalhamento de Radiação
12.
Appl Opt ; 48(18): 3446-54, 2009 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19543353

RESUMO

An autostereoscopic display with parallax barrier attached onto a liquid crystal panel suffers from the trade-off between brightness and crosstalk. One approach for making improvement by modifying the layout of light blocking components, such as thin film transistor, storage capacitor, and protrusion, in the liquid crystal pixel has been proposed. Ray tracing simulation shows that the aperture of the slanted barrier can be significantly increased, hence increasing efficiency, while keeping the same crosstalk level if those light blocking components can be shifted to the corner of the pixel. A six-view 2.83 in. (7.19 cm) prototype has shown improvement on both brightness and crosstalk compared to its counterpart using a traditional liquid crystal panel, which demonstrates an effective approach for a high-efficiency barrier-type autostereoscopic 3D display with a liquid crystal panel.


Assuntos
Gráficos por Computador/instrumentação , Terminais de Computador , Apresentação de Dados , Imageamento Tridimensional/instrumentação , Iluminação/instrumentação , Cristais Líquidos/química , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador/instrumentação , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
13.
Appl Opt ; 47(6): 784-91, 2008 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18288227

RESUMO

A light guide fully composed of reflective plate has been proposed for a planar illuminator with the light source located at the side edge. Using mirror reflection as the light guiding mechanism increases the light acceptance angle of the light guide, and the hollow structure allows increasing the source coupling area without inducing further weight. Accompanying with the optical films, for example, a diffuser, a prismatic film, and a reflective polarizer to spread light distribution, the uniformity of the prototype has shown the feasibility for a planar illuminator.

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