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J Cutan Pathol ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989842


BACKGROUND: Accurate basal cell carcinoma (BCC) subtyping is requisite for appropriate management, but non-representative sampling occurs in 18% to 25% of biopsies. By enabling non-invasive diagnosis and more comprehensive sampling, integrated reflectance confocal microscopy-optical coherence tomography (RCM-OCT) may improve the accuracy of BCC subtyping and subsequent management. We evaluated RCM-OCT images and histopathology slides for the presence of two key features, angulation and small nests and cords, and calculated (a) sensitivity and specificity of these features, combined and individually, for identifying an infiltrative BCC subtype and (b) agreement across modalities. METHODS: Thirty-three RCM-OCT-imaged, histopathologically-proven BCCs (17 superficial and/or nodular; 16 containing an infiltrative component) were evaluated. RESULTS: The presence of angulation or small nests and cords was sufficient to identify infiltrative BCC on RCM-OCT with 100% sensitivity and 82% specificity, similar to histopathology (100% sensitivity, 88% specificity, kappa = 0.82). When both features were present, the sensitivity for identifying infiltrative BCC was 100% using either modality and specificity was 88% on RCM-OCT vs 94% on histopathology, indicating near-perfect agreement between non-invasive and invasive diagnostic modalities (kappa = 0.94). CONCLUSIONS: RCM-OCT can non-invasively identify key histopathologic features of infiltrative BCC offering a possible alternative to traditional invasive biopsy.

J Cancer ; 11(20): 6019-6024, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922542


The increasing rate of incidence and prevalence of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) worldwide, combined with the morbidity associated with conventional surgical treatment has led to the development and use of alternative minimally invasive non-surgical treatments. Biopsy and pathology are used to guide BCC diagnosis and assess margins and subtypes, which then guide the decision and choice of surgical or non-surgical treatment. However, alternatively, a noninvasive optical approach based on combined reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging may be used. Optical imaging may be used to guide diagnosis and margin assessment at the bedside, and potentially facilitate non-surgical management, along with long-term monitoring of treatment response. Noninvasive imaging may also complement minimally invasive treatments and help further reduce morbidity. In this paper, we highlight the current state of an integrated RCM/OCT imaging approach for diagnosis and triage of BCCs, as well as for assessing margins, which therefore may be ultimately used for guiding therapy.

J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812621


BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna/lentigo maligna melanoma (LM/LMM) can present with subclinical extension that may be difficult to define preoperatively and lead to incomplete excision and potential recurrence. Preliminarily studies have used reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) to assess LM/LMM margins. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation of LM/LMM subclinical extension defined by RCM compared to the gold standard histopathology. METHODS: Prospective study of LM/LMM patients referred for dermatologic surgery. RCM was performed at the clinically-defined initial surgical margin followed by margin-controlled staged excision with paraffin-embedded tissue and histopathology was correlated with RCM results. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients were included. Mean age was 66.8 years (SD 11.1; 38 - 89 years); 69.4% were males. 70/72 (97.2%) lesions were located on the head neck with mean largest clinical diameter of 1.3cm (0.3 - 5 cm). Diagnostic accuracy for detection of residual melanoma in the tumor debulk (after biopsy) had a sensitivity of 96.7% and a specificity of 66.7% when compared to the histopathology. RCM margin assessment revealed an overall agreement with final histopathology of 85.9% (kappa 0.71; p<0.001). LIMITATIONS: No RCM imaging beyond initial planned margins was performed. CONCLUSION: RCM showed moderate to excellent overall agreement between RCM imaging of LM/LMM and histopathology of staged excision margins.

JAMA Dermatol ; 154(10): 1175-1183, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140851


Importance: The limited tissue sampling of a biopsy can lead to an incomplete assessment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) subtypes and depth. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging may enable real-time, noninvasive, comprehensive three-dimensional sampling in vivo, which may improve the diagnostic accuracy and margin assessment of BCCs. Objective: To determine the accuracy of a combined RCM-OCT device for BCC detection and deep margin assessment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This pilot study was carried out on 85 lesions from 55 patients referred for physician consultation or Mohs surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering Skin Cancer Center in Hauppauge, New York. These patients were prospectively and consecutively enrolled in the study between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2017. Patients underwent imaging, with the combined RCM-OCT probe, for previously biopsied, histopathologically confirmed BCCs and lesions clinically or dermoscopically suggestive of BCC. Only patients with available histopathologic examination after imaging were included. Main Outcomes and Measures: Improvements in sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for BCC using the combined RCM-OCT probe as well as the correlation between OCT-estimated depth and histopathologically measured depth were investigated. Results: In total, 85 lesions from 55 patients (27 [49%] were female and 28 [51%] were male with a median [range] age of 59 [21-90] years) were imaged. Imaging was performed on 25 previously biopsied and histopathologically confirmed BCCs and 60 previously nonbiopsied but clinically or dermoscopically suspicious lesions. Normal skin and BCC features were correlated and validated with histopathologic examination. In previously biopsied lesions, residual tumors were detected in 12 of 25 (48%) lesions with 100% sensitivity (95% CI, 73.5%-100%) and 23.1% specificity (95% CI, 5.0%-53.8%) for combined RCM-OCT probe. In previously nonbiopsied and suspicious lesions, BCCs were diagnosed in 48 of 60 (80%) lesions with 100% sensitivity (95% CI, 92.6%-100%) and 75% specificity (95% CI, 42.8%-94.5%). Correlation was observed between depth estimated with OCT and depth measured with histopathologic examination: the coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.75 (R = 0.86; P < .001) for all lesions, 0.73 (R = 0.85; P < .001) for lesions less than 500 µm deep, and 0.65 (R = 0.43; P < .001) for lesions greater than 500 µm deep. Conclusions and Relevance: Combined RCM-OCT imaging may be prospectively used to comprehensively diagnose lesions suggestive of BCC and triage for treatment. Further validation of this device must be performed on a larger cohort.

Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
J Biomed Opt ; 22(7): 76006, 2017 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28697233


We present a hand-held implementation and preliminary evaluation of a combined optical coherence tomography (OCT) and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) probe for detecting and delineating the margins of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) in human skin

Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Microscopia Confocal , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Projetos Piloto