Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.413
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(3): 858-872, 2025 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886958

RESUMO

JOURNAL/nrgr/04.03/01300535-202503000-00030/figure1/v/2024-06-17T092413Z/r/image-tiff Reducing the secondary inflammatory response, which is partly mediated by microglia, is a key focus in the treatment of spinal cord injury. Src homology 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2), encoded by PTPN11, is widely expressed in the human body and plays a role in inflammation through various mechanisms. Therefore, SHP2 is considered a potential target for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases. However, its role in secondary inflammation after spinal cord injury remains unclear. In this study, SHP2 was found to be abundantly expressed in microglia at the site of spinal cord injury. Inhibition of SHP2 expression using siRNA and SHP2 inhibitors attenuated the microglial inflammatory response in an in vitro lipopolysaccharide-induced model of inflammation. Notably, after treatment with SHP2 inhibitors, mice with spinal cord injury exhibited significantly improved hind limb locomotor function and reduced residual urine volume in the bladder. Subsequent in vitro experiments showed that, in microglia stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, inhibiting SHP2 expression promoted M2 polarization and inhibited M1 polarization. Finally, a co-culture experiment was conducted to assess the effect of microglia treated with SHP2 inhibitors on neuronal cells. The results demonstrated that inflammatory factors produced by microglia promoted neuronal apoptosis, while inhibiting SHP2 expression mitigated these effects. Collectively, our findings suggest that SHP2 enhances secondary inflammation and neuronal damage subsequent to spinal cord injury by modulating microglial phenotype. Therefore, inhibiting SHP2 alleviates the inflammatory response in mice with spinal cord injury and promotes functional recovery postinjury.

2.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38980664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to use preoperative computed tomography images to develop a radiomic nomogram to select patients who would benefit from spleen-preserving splenic hilar (No.10) lymphadenectomy (SPSHL). METHODS: A pooled analysis of three distinct prospective studies was performed. The splenic hilar lymph node (SHLN) ratio (sLNR) was established as the quotient of the number of metastatic SHLN to the total number of SHLN. Radiomic features reflecting the phenotypes of the primary tumor (RS1) and SHLN region (RS2) were extracted and used as predictive factors for sLNR. RESULTS: This study included 733 patients: 301 in the D2 group and 432 in the D2+No.10 group. The optimal sLNR cutoff value was set at 0.4, and the D2+No.10 group was divided into three groups: sLNR=0, sLNR≤0.4, and sLNR>0.4. Patients in the D2+No. 10 group were randomly divided into the training (n=302) and validation (n=130) cohorts. The AUCs value of the nomogram, including RS1 and RS2, were 0.952 in the training cohort and 0.888 in the validation cohort. The entire cohort was divided into three groups based on the nomogram scores: low, moderate and high SHLN metastasis burden groups (LMB, MMB and HMB, respectively). A similar 5-year OS rate was found between the D2 and D2+No. 10 groups in the LMB and HMB groups. In the MMB group, the 5-year OS of the D2+No. 10 group (73.4%) was significantly higher than that of the D2 group (37.6%) (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram showed good predictive ability for distinguishing patients with various SHLN metastasis burdens. It can accurately identify patients who would benefit from SPSHL.

3.
J Nat Prod ; 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982404

RESUMO

Sesquiterpene dimers are mainly found in the Asteraceae family. However, conflicting reports on the structures of these compounds can be found in the literature. Herein, we describe ten sesquiterpene dimers isolated from the flowers of Inula japonica, including configurational revisions of japonicone H (1-1), japonicone D (2-1), inulanolide A (4-1), japonicone X (5-1), and inulanolide F (5-2) to compounds 1, 2, 4, and 5, respectively. Five new related metabolites (3 and 6-9) are also described. Application of GIAO NMR/DP4+ analyses and ECD/OR calculations enabled us to revise the absolute configurations of an additional 13 sesquiterpene dimers isolated from plants of the genus Inula. Compounds 1, 2, 4, and 6 exhibited inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide activated RAW264.7 macrophages with IC50 values of 4.07-10.00 µM.

4.
J Neurogastroenterol Motil ; 30(3): 332-342, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38972868

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Ineffective esophageal motility (IEM) is common in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and can be associated with poor esophageal contraction reserve on multiple rapid swallows. Alterations in the esophageal microbiome have been reported in GERD, but the relationship to presence or absence of contraction reserve in IEM patients has not been evaluated. We aim to investigate whether contraction reserve influences esophageal microbiome alterations in patients with GERD and IEM. Methods: We prospectively enrolled GERD patients with normal endoscopy and evaluated esophageal motility and contraction reserve with multiple rapid swallows during high-resolution manometry. The esophageal mucosa was biopsied for DNA extraction and 16S ribosomal RNA gene V3-V4 (Illumina)/full-length (Pacbio) amplicon sequencing analysis. Results: Among the 56 recruited patients, 20 had normal motility (NM), 19 had IEM with contraction reserve (IEM-R), and 17 had IEM without contraction reserve (IEM-NR). Esophageal microbiome analysis showed a significant decrease in microbial richness in patients with IEM-NR when compared to NM. The beta diversity revealed different microbiome profiles between patients with NM or IEM-R and IEM-NR (P = 0.037). Several esophageal bacterial taxa were characteristic in patients with IEM-NR, including reduced Prevotella spp. and Veillonella dispar, and enriched Fusobacterium nucleatum. In a microbiome-based random forest model for predicting IEM-NR, an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.81 was yielded. Conclusions: In symptomatic GERD patients with normal endoscopic findings, the esophageal microbiome differs based on contraction reserve among IEM. Absent contraction reserve appears to alter the physiology and microbiota of the esophagus.

5.
Small ; : e2403915, 2024 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973115

RESUMO

In 2D materials, a key engineering challenge is the mass production of large-area thin films without sacrificing their uniform 2D nature and unique properties. Here, it is demonstrated that a simple fluid phenomenon of water/alcohol solvents can become a sophisticated tool for self-assembly and designing organized structures of 2D nanosheets on a water surface. In situ, surface characterizations show that water/alcohol droplets of 2D nanosheets with cationic surfactants exhibit spontaneous spreading of large uniform monolayers within 10 s. Facile transfer of the monolayers onto solid or flexible substrates results in high-quality mono- and multilayer films with high coverages (>95%) and homogeneous electronic/optical properties. This spontaneous spreading is quite general and can be applied to various 2D nanosheets, including metal oxides, graphene oxide, h-BN, MoS2, and transition metal carbides, enabling on-demand smart manufacture of large-size (>4 inchϕ) 2D nanofilms and free-standing membranes.

6.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 13(6): 1396-1406, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973964

RESUMO

Background: With the advent of targeted therapies, the survival rates of patients with locally advanced lung cancer have significantly improved. However, there is limited research on the efficacy of neoadjuvant targeted therapy in resectable advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with positive driver genes. This article reports a case of stage IIIA NSCLC with an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) 19del mutation that successfully underwent radical lung cancer surgery following neoadjuvant targeted therapy. By observing the perioperative treatment outcomes and side effects in this patient, we aimed to provide insights and summarize experiences for treating similar cases in the future. Case Description: We report a case of a 54-year-old female diagnosed preoperatively with stage IIIA adenocarcinoma of the left upper lung (cT1cN2M0). The patient's course was complicated by acute sick sinus syndrome and was cured by implanting a permanent pacemaker. After multidisciplinary discussion, it was decided to administer neoadjuvant targeted therapy with osimertinib. Following 6 weeks of treatment, the tumor assessment showed partial response (PR), making the patient eligible for surgery. The patient underwent single-port thoracoscopic left upper lobectomy + mediastinal lymphadenectomy. Intraoperatively, the left hilar lymph nodes were found to be tightly adherent to the apical-anterior branch of the left upper pulmonary artery. The main trunk of the left pulmonary artery was temporarily occluded with a vascular clamp to safely dissect the left upper pulmonary artery. The procedure was completed without conversion to open thoracotomy, achieving an R0 resection. Postoperative pathology confirmed stage IIIA (ypT1bN2M0), and the patient continued adjuvant therapy with osimertinib. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant targeted therapy with osimertinib is expected to become one of the options for neoadjuvant therapy in locally advanced NSCLC with sensitizing EGFR mutations. And for those with advanced lung cancer involving tumors close to the hilum or mediastinal lymph node metastasis, preblocking of the left upper pulmonary artery can help improve surgical safety and better ensure R0 resection.

7.
Cureus ; 16(6): e61845, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978918

RESUMO

This case report presents a rare occurrence of a single lung abscess caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a 38-year-old immunocompetent man. The patient, of Southeast Asian origin, presented with symptoms of fever, chest pain, cough, and shortness of breath following a recent flu-like illness. Imaging indicated a cavitary lung lesion in the left lower lobe, suggestive of a lung abscess. Initial antibiotic treatment failed, and drainage of the abscess confirmed MRSA with the PVL gene, indicating a community-acquired MRSA infection. The patient received intravenous vancomycin followed by oral linezolid, leading to the resolution of the abscess. Contact tracing and decolonization measures were implemented. This case highlights the importance of considering PVL-producing S. aureus as a potential pathogen in severe necrotizing pneumonia or sepsis and underscores the need for prompt diagnosis, appropriate antibiotic therapy, and infection control measures in managing such infections.

8.
Pharmacology ; 2024 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38955142

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Kidney cancer ranks as the ninth most common cancer in men and the fourteenth in women globally, with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) being the most prevalent type. Despite advances in therapeutic strategies targeting angiogenesis and immune checkpoints, the absence of reliable markers for patient selection and limited duration of disease control underline the need for innovative approaches. CK1δ and CK1ε are highly conserved serine/threonine kinases involved in cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, and circadian rhythm. While CK1δ dysregulation is reportedly associated with breast and bladder cancer progression, their role in RCC remains elusive. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of CK1δ/ε as new therapeutic targets for RCC patients. METHODS: The relationship between CK1δ/ε and RCC progression was evaluated by the analysis of microarray dataset and TCGA database. The anticancer activity of CK1δ/ε inhibitor was examined by MTT/SRB assay , and apoptotic cell death was analyzed by flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: Our data demonstrate that the gene expression of CSNK1D and CSNK1E is significantly higher in clear cell RCC (ccRCC) tissues compared to normal kidney samples, which is correlated with lower survival rates in ccRCC patients. SR3029, a selective inhibitor targeting CK1δ/ε, significantly suppresses the viability and proliferation of ccRCC cell lines regardless of the status of VHL deficiency. Importantly, the inhibitor promotes the population of subG1 cells and induces apoptosis, and ectopically expression of CK1δ partially rescued SR3029-induced apoptosis in ccRCC cells. CONCLUSION: These findings underscore the crucial role of CK1δ and CK1ε in ccRCC progression, suggesting CK1δ/ε inhibitors as new therapeutic options for ccRCC patients.

9.
Trauma Surg Acute Care Open ; 9(1): e001439, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38957620

RESUMO

Background: The relationship between English proficiency (EP), Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is not well characterized. We aimed to understand the impact of limited English proficiency (LEP) on the evaluation and outcomes of TBI. Methods: Retrospective comparative study in a single institution of patients aged ⪰65 who presented to the emergency department after a fall with head strike between January 2018 and December 2021. TBI was defined as documented loss of consciousness or intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Relationships between EP, GCS, and TBI were analyzed with multivariable and propensity score-matched models. Results: Of the 2905 included, 1233 (42%) had LEP. Most LEP patients were Asian (60%) while the majority of EP patients were non-Hispanic Caucasians (72%). In a univariate analysis, LEP had higher incidence of decreased GCS and was strongly correlated with risk of TBI (OR 1.47, CI 1.26 to 1.71). After adjusting for multiple covariates including race, LEP did not have a significantly increased risk for GCS score <13 (OR 1.66, CI 0.99 to 2.76) or increased risk of TBI. In the matched analysis, LEP had a small but significantly higher risk of GCS score <13 (OR 1.03, CI 1.02 to 1.05) without an increased risk in TBI. Decreased GCS remained strongly correlated with presence of ICH in LEP patients in the adjusted model (OR 1.39, CI 1.30 to 1.50). Conclusions: LEP correlated with lower GCS in geriatric patients with TBI. This association weakened after adjusting for factors like race, suggesting racial disparities may have more influence than language differences. Moreover, GCS remained effective for predicting ICH in LEP individuals, highlighting its value with suitable translation resources. Level of evidence: This is a Level III evidence restrospective comparative study.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38961816

RESUMO

Pathological diagnosis plays a pivotal role in risk classification and personalized treatment planning for patients with oropharyngeal cancers. However, challenges arise in cases involving trismus and tumors with submucosal spread, hindering traditional endoscopic biopsies and open incisional biopsies. In this study, we examined the clinical and pathological data of patients with trismus who underwent transoral ultrasound-guided core biopsy (USCB) for their oropharyngeal tumors, comparing this method with existing diagnostic approaches. Seventeen patients presenting with oropharyngeal tumors and trismus underwent transoral USCB for diagnosis. Of these, 14 patients were diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, while the remaining 3 were diagnosed with lymphoma. The procedure resulted in minimal wound size and effective bleeding control through compression, without encountering any complications. In conclusion, transoral USCB emerges as a precise diagnostic tool for patients with oropharyngeal tumors and trismus, offering a valuable adjunct to conventional open and endoscopic biopsies.

11.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0305213, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38954712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mild hypothermia in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury is increasingly being studied. This study aimed to conduct a systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of mild hypothermia in improving hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: We systematically searched CNKI, WanFang Data, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for original studies that used animal experiments to determine how mild hypothermia(32-34°C) pretreatment improves hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury(in situ 70% liver IR model). The search period ranged from the inception of the databases to May 5, 2023. Two researchers independently filtered the literature, extracted the data, and assessed the risk of bias incorporated into the study. The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4.1 and Stata 15 software. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving a total of 117 rats/mice were included. The results showed that the ALT levels in the mild hypothermia pretreatment group were significantly lower than those in the normothermic control group [Standardized Mean Difference (SMD) = -5.94, 95% CI(-8.09, -3.78), P<0.001], and AST levels in the mild hypothermia pretreatment group were significantly lower than those in the normothermic control group [SMD = -4.45, 95% CI (-6.10, -2.78), P<0.001]. The hepatocyte apoptosis rate in the mild hypothermia pretreatment group was significantly lower than that in the normothermic control group [SMD = -6.86, 95% CI (-10.38, -3.33), P<0.001]. Hepatocyte pathology score in the mild hypothermia pretreatment group was significantly lower than that in the normothermic control group [SMD = -4.36, 95% CI (-5.78, -2.95), P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in MPO levels between the mild hypothermia preconditioning group and the normothermic control group [SMD = -4.83, 95% CI (-11.26, 1.60), P = 0.14]. SOD levels in the mild hypothermia preconditioning group were significantly higher than those in the normothermic control group [SMD = 3.21, 95% CI (1.27, 5.14), P = 0.001]. MDA levels in the mild hypothermia pretreatment group were significantly lower than those in the normothermic control group [SMD = -4.06, 95% CI (-7.06, -1.07) P = 0.008]. CONCLUSION: Mild hypothermia can attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, effectively reduce oxidative stress and inflammatory response, prevent hepatocyte apoptosis, and protect liver function.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida , Fígado , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Animais , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Ratos , Modelos Animais de Doenças
12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2400196, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978353

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent progressive joint disease that still requires an optimal therapeutic approach. Intermittent fasting is an attractive dieting strategy for improving health. Here this study shows that intermittent fasting potently relieves medial meniscus (DMM)- or natural aging-induced osteoarthritic phenotypes. Osteocytes, the most abundant bone cells, secrete excess neuropeptide Y (NPY) during osteoarthritis, and this alteration can be altered by intermittent fasting. Both NPY and the NPY-abundant culture medium of osteocytes (OCY-CM) from osteoarthritic mice possess pro-inflammatory, pro-osteoclastic, and pro-neurite outgrowth effects, while OCY-CM from the intermittent fasting-treated osteoarthritic mice fails to induce significant stimulatory effects on inflammation, osteoclast formation, and neurite outgrowth. Depletion of osteocyte NPY significantly attenuates DMM-induced osteoarthritis and abolishes the benefits of intermittent fasting on osteoarthritis. This study suggests that osteocyte NPY is a key contributing factor in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and intermittent fasting represents a promising nonpharmacological antiosteoarthritis method by targeting osteocyte NPY.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202406140, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38981859

RESUMO

Blue perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) are crucial avenues for achieving full-color displays and lighting based on perovskite materials. However, the relatively low external quantum efficiency (EQE) has hindered their progression towards commercial applications. Quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) perovskites stand out as promising candidates for blue PeLEDs, with optimized control over low-dimensional phases contributing to enhanced radiative properties of excitons. Herein, the impact of organic molecular dopants on the crystallization of various n-phase structures in quasi-2D perovskite films. The results reveal that the highly reactive bis(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phosphine oxide (BTF-PPO) molecule could effectively restrain the formation of organic spacer cation-ordered layered perovskite phases through chemical reactions, simultaneously passivate those uncoordinated Pb2+ defects. Consequently, the prepared PeLEDs exhibited a maximum EQE of 16.6% (@ 490 nm). The finding provides a new route to design dopant molecules for phase modulation in quasi-2D PeLEDs.

14.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) increases the risk of liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This nationwide cohort study assessed the effectiveness of viral eradication of CHC. METHODS: The Taiwanese chronic hepatitis C cohort and Taiwan hepatitis C virus (HCV) registry are nationwide HCV registry cohorts incorporating data from 23 and 53 hospitals in Taiwan, respectively. This study included 27,577 individuals from these cohorts that were given a diagnosis of CHC and with data linked to the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients received either pegylated interferon and ribavirin or direct-acting antiviral agent therapy for > 4 weeks for new-onset LC and liver-related events. RESULTS: Among the 27,577 analyzed patients, 25,461 (92.3%) achieved sustained virologic response (SVR). The mean follow-up duration was 51.2 ± 48.4 months, totaling 118,567 person-years. In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) for incident HCC was 1.39 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.95, p = 0.052) among noncirrhotic patients without SVR compared with those with SVR and 1.82 (95% CI 1.34-2.48) among cirrhotic patients without SVR. The HR for liver-related events, including HCC and decompensated LC, was 1.70 (95% CI 1.30-2.24) among cirrhotic patients without SVR. Patients with SVR had a lower 10-year cumulative incidence of new-onset HCC than those without SVR did (21.7 vs. 38.7% in patients with LC, p < 0.001; 6.0 vs. 18.4% in patients without LC, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: HCV eradication reduced the incidence of HCC in patients with and without LC and reduced the incidence of liver-related events in patients with LC.

15.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38895463

RESUMO

The mosquito Aedes aegypti is a prominent vector for arboviruses, but the breadth of mosquito viruses that infects this specie is not fully understood. In the broadest global survey to date of over 200 Ae. aegypti small RNA samples, we detected viral small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and Piwi interacting RNAs (piRNAs) arising from mosquito viruses. We confirmed that most academic laboratory colonies of Ae. aegypti lack persisting viruses, yet two commercial strains were infected by a novel tombus-like virus. Ae. aegypti from North to South American locations were also teeming with multiple insect viruses, with Anphevirus and a bunyavirus displaying geographical boundaries from the viral small RNA patterns. Asian Ae. aegypti small RNA patterns indicate infections by similar mosquito viruses from the Americas and reveal the first wild example of dengue virus infection generating viral small RNAs. African Ae. aegypti also contained various viral small RNAs including novel viruses only found in these African substrains. Intriguingly, viral long RNA patterns can differ from small RNA patterns, indicative of viral transcripts evading the mosquitoes' RNA interference (RNAi) machinery. To determine whether the viruses we discovered via small RNA sequencing were replicating and transmissible, we infected C6/36 and Aag2 cells with Ae. aegypti homogenates. Through blind passaging, we generated cell lines stably infected by these mosquito viruses which then generated abundant viral siRNAs and piRNAs that resemble the native mosquito viral small RNA patterns. This mosquito small RNA genomics approach augments surveillance approaches for emerging infectious diseases.

16.
Respir Med ; 231: 107692, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38852923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exacerbations are implicated in bronchiectasis and COPD, which frequently co-exist [COPD-Bronchiectasis association (CBA)]. We aimed to determine the bacterial and viral spectrum at stable-state and exacerbation onset of CBA, and their association with exacerbations and clinical outcomes of CBA as compared with bronchiectasis. METHODS: We prospectively collected spontaneous sputum from adults with CBA, bronchiectasis with (BO) and without airflow obstruction (BNO) for bacterial culture and viral detection at stable-state and exacerbations. RESULTS: We enrolled 76 patients with CBA, 58 with BO, and 138 with BNO (711 stable and 207 exacerbation visits). Bacterial detection rate increased from BNO, CBA to BO at steady-state (P = 0.02), but not at AE onset (P = 0.91). No significant differences in viral detection rate were found among BNO, CBA and BO. Compared with steady-state, viral isolations occurred more frequently at exacerbation in BNO (15.8 % vs 32.1 %, P = 0.001) and CBA (19.5 % vs 30.6 %, P = 0.036) only. In CBA, isolation of viruses, human metapneumovirus and bacteria plus viruses was associated with exacerbation. Repeated detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) correlated with higher modified Reiff score (P = 0.032) in CBA but not in BO (P = 0.178). Repeated detection of PA yielded a shorter time to the first exacerbation in CBA [median: 4.3 vs 11.1 months, P = 0.006] but not in BO (median: 8.4 vs 7.6 months, P = 0.47). CONCLUSIONS: Isolation of any viruses, human metapneumovirus and bacterialplus viruses was associated with CBA exacerbations. Repeated detection of PA confers greater impact of future exacerbations on CBA than on BO.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13664, 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871778

RESUMO

We exploit bias polarity dependent low-frequency noise (LFN) spectroscopy to investigate charge transport dynamics in ultra-thin AlOx-based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with bipolar resistive switching (RS). By measuring the noise characteristics across the entire bias voltage range of bipolar RS, we find that the voltage noise level exhibits an bias polarity dependence. This distinct feature is intimately correlated with reconfiguring of the inherently existing oxygen vacancies ( V O . . ) in as-grown MTJ devices during the SET and RESET switching processes. In addition, we observe two-level random telegraph noise (RTN) with a longer and shorter tunneling length in the high resistance state (HRS) and low resistance state (LRS) at a low bias voltage. The intrinsic voltage fluctuations of RTN arise from the dynamics of electron trapping/de-trapping processes at the V O . . -related trap sites. Notably, the RTN magnitude is similar in LRS but nonidentical in that of HRS for different bias polarity. These findings strongly suggest that the inherent V O . . are distributed near the top CoFe/AlOx interface in the HRS; in contrast, they are expanded to the middle region of the AlOx in the LRS. More importantly, we demonstrate that the location and distribution of the inherent V O . . can be electrically tuned, which plays an essential role in the charge transport dynamics in the ultra-thin AlOx-based MTJs and have significant implications for developing emergent memory and logic devices.

18.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240982, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38883336

RESUMO

Carnosine dipeptidase 1 (CNDP1), an enzyme integral to the hydrolysis of dipeptides containing histidine, plays an indispensable role in myriad physiological processes, including hydrolysis of proteins, maturation of specific biochemical functionalities within proteins, tissue regeneration, and regulation of cell cycle. However, the implications of CNDP1 in oncogenesis and its prognostic value are not yet fully elucidated. Initially, we procured the GSE40367 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus and established a protein-protein interaction network. Thereafter, we conducted functional and pathway enrichment analyses utilizing GO, KEGG, and GSEA. Moreover, we undertook an association analysis concerning the expression of CNDP1 with immune infiltration, along with survival analysis across various cancers and specifically in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our study uncovered a total of 2,248 differentially expressed genes, with a down-regulation of CNDP1 in HCC and other cancers. Our explorations into the relationship between CNDP1 and immune infiltration disclosed a negative correlation between CNDP1 expression and the presence of immune cells in HCC. Survival analyses revealed that diminished expression of CNDP1 correlates with an adverse prognosis in HCC and several other types of cancer. These observations intimate that CNDP1 holds promise as a novel prognostic biomarker for both pan-cancer and HCC.

19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401350, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884251

RESUMO

A supercritical carbon dioxide (SCCO2) fluid, characterized by gas-like diffusivity, near-zero surface tension, and excellent mass transfer properties, is used as a precursor to produce silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) coating. SCCO2 disperses and reacts with Si particles to form an interfacial layer consisting of Si, O, and C. After an 850 °C annealing process, a conformal SiOC coating layer forms, resulting in core-shell Si@SiOC particles. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and its X-ray line-scan spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy, are used to examine the SiOC formation mechanism. Effects of SCCO2 interaction time on the SiOC properties are investigated. The SiOC layer connects the Si@SiOC particles, improving electron and Li+ transport. Cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic intermittent titration technique, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy are employed to examine the role of SiOC during charging/discharging. Operando X-ray diffraction data reveal that the SiOC coating reduces crystal size of the formed Li15Si4 and increases its formation/elimination reversibility during cycling. The Si@SiOC electrode shows a capacitiy of 2250 mAh g-1 at 0.2 A g-1. After 500 cycles, the capacity retention is 72% with Coulombic efficiency above 99.8%. A full cell consisting of Si@SiOC anode and LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode is constructed, and its performance is evaluated.

20.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(26): 6442-6451, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38860876

RESUMO

Self-assembled DNA nanostructures hold great promise in biosensing, drug delivery and nanomedicine. Nevertheless, challenges like instability and inefficiency in cellular uptake of DNA nanostructures under physiological conditions limit their practical use. To tackle these obstacles, this study proposes a novel approach that integrates the cationic polymer polyethyleneimine (PEI) with DNA self-assembly. The hypothesis is that the positively charged linear PEI can facilitate the self-assembly of DNA nanostructures, safeguard them against harsh conditions and impart them with the cellular penetration characteristic of PEI. As a demonstration, a DNA nanotube (PNT) was successfully synthesized through PEI mediation, and it exhibited significantly enhanced stability and cellular uptake efficiency compared to conventional Mg2+-assembled DNA nanotubes. The internalization mechanism was further found to be both clathrin-mediated and caveolin-mediated endocytosis, influenced by both PEI and DNA. To showcase the applicability of this hybrid nanostructure for biomedical settings, the KRAS siRNA-loaded PNT was efficiently delivered into lung adenocarcinoma cells, leading to excellent anticancer effects in vitro. These findings suggest that the PEI-mediated DNA assembly could become a valuable tool for future biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , DNA , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanotubos , Polietilenoimina , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras) , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Polietilenoimina/química , Humanos , Nanotubos/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/química , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , DNA/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...