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Chemistry ; 22(27): 9321-9, 2016 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27219903

RESUMO

A facile liquid-phase exfoliation method to prepare few-layer FeOCl nanosheets in acetonitrile by ultrasonication is reported. The detailed exfoliation mechanism and generated products were investigated by combining first-principle calculations and experimental approaches. The similar cleavage energies of FeOCl (340 mJ m(-2) ) and graphite (320 mJ m(-2) ) confirm the experimental exfoliation feasibility. As a Fenton reagent, FeOCl nanosheets showed outstanding properties in the catalytic degradation of phenol in water at room temperature, under neutral pH conditions, and with sunlight irradiation. Apart from the increased surface area of the nanosheets, the surface state change of the nanosheets also plays a key role in improving the catalytic performance. The changes of charge density, density of states (DOS), and valence state of Fe atoms in the exfoliated FeOCl nanosheets versus plates illustrated that surface atomistic relationships made the few-layer nanosheets higher activity, indicating the exfoliation process of the FeOCl nanosheets also brought about surface state changes.

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