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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 4990-4997, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498513

RESUMO

Polar surfaces of ionic crystals are of growing technological importance, with implications for the efficiency of photocatalysts, gas sensors, and electronic devices. The creation of ionic nanocrystals with high percentages of polar surfaces is an option for improving their efficiency in the aforementioned applications but is hard to accomplish because they are less thermodynamically stable and prone to vanish during the growth process. Herein, we develop a strategy that is capable of producing polar surface-dominated II-VI semiconductor nanocrystals, including ZnS and CdS, from copper sulfide hexagonal nanoplates through cation exchange reactions. The obtained wurtzite ZnS hexagonal nanoplates have dominant {002} polar surfaces, occupying up to 97.8% of all surfaces. Density functional theory calculations reveal the polar surfaces can be stabilized by a charge transfer of 0.25 eV/formula from the anion-terminated surface to the cation-terminated surface, which also explains the presence of polar surfaces in the initial Cu1.75S hexagonal nanoplates with cation deficiency prior to cation exchange reactions. Experimental results showed that the HER activity could be boosted by the surface polarization of polar surface-dominated ZnS hexagonal nanoplates. We anticipate this strategy is general and could be used with other systems to prepare nanocrystals with dominant polar surfaces. Furthermore, the availability of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals with dominant polar surfaces produced through this strategy opens a new avenue for improving their efficiency in catalysis, photocatalysis, gas sensing, and other applications.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396108

RESUMO

Various zeroing neural network (ZNN) models have been investigated to address the tracking control of robot manipulators for the capacity of parallel processing and nonlinearity handling. However, two limitations occur in the existing ZNN models. The first one is the convergence time that tends to be infinitely large. The second one is the research of robustness that remains in the analyses of stability and asymptotic convergence. To simultaneously enhance the convergence performance and robustness, this article proposes a new ZNN model by using a supertwisting (ST) algorithm, termed STZNN model, for the tracking control of mobile robot manipulators. The proposed STZNN model inherently possesses the advantages of finite-time convergence and robustness making the control process fast and robust. The bridge from the sliding mode control to the ZNN is built, and the essential connection between the ST algorithm and ZNN is explored by constructing a unified design process. Theorems and proofs about global stability, finite-time convergence, and robustness are provided. Finally, path-tracking applications, comparisons, and tests substantiate the effectiveness and superiority of the STZNN model for the tracking control handling of mobile robot manipulators.

3.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 50(6): 2651-2660, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403455

RESUMO

Parallel robots are usually required to perform real-time tracking control tasks in the presence of external disturbances in the complex environment. Conventional zeroing neural-dynamics (ZNDs) provide an alternative solution for the real-time tracking control of parallel robots due to its capacity of parallel processing and nonlinearity handling. However, it is still a challenge for the solution in a unified framework of the ZND to deal with the external disturbances, and simultaneously possess a finite-time convergence property. In this paper, a novel ZND model by exploring the super-twisting (ST) algorithm, named ST-ZND model, is proposed. The theoretical analyses on the global stability, finite-time convergence, as well as the robustness against the external disturbances are rigorously presented. Finally, the effectiveness and superiority of the ST-ZND model for the real-time tracking control of parallel robots are demonstrated by two illustrative examples, comparisons, and convergence tests.

4.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0216975, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539377

RESUMO

Alpine sand dunes restoration is extremely difficult but important in the ecosystem restoration. Sand dunes are known as harsh soil and poor seed bank which freed from advantages on plants growth naturally. Effective restoration measures are required to guide the sand dune restoration. Here, indigenous grass (Elymus nutans) was sown in sand dune on the Zoige Plateau and treated with no sand barrier (CK) and environmental friendly materials including wicker sand barrier (wicker) and sandbag sand barrier (sandbag). The soil conditions were assessed by measuring the soil moisture and nutrients of the topsoil, and interspecific relationship and population niche were utilized to analyze the plant community structure variances among different restoration measures. Results showed that the soil and vegetation in the sand barriers measures were better than that in the CK. The soil moisture in the sandbag measure was 16.67% higher than that in the wicker measure. The nutrients content and microbial biomass were also the best in the sandbag measures. The ratio of strong association was the highest in the sandbag measure and the lowest in the CK, whereas the plants had the highest none association ratio in the CK. In addition, the average population niche overlap ranked by sandbag (0.39)>wicker (0.32)>CK (0.26). Thus, incorporation of sand barriers and indigenous grass seeding in alpine sand dunes could promote the sand dune restoration. And the sandbag measure showed a stronger improvement effect on the sand dune soil and vegetation conditions than the wicker measure.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Meio Ambiente , Plantas , Areia , Solo , Algoritmos , China , Ecossistema , Modelos Teóricos
5.
Nano Lett ; 19(9): 6315-6322, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441658

RESUMO

One-dimensional (1D) semiconductor nanorods are important for numerous applications ranging from optics and electronics to biology, yet the direct synthesis of high-quality metal halide perovskite nanorods remains a challenge. Here, we develop an intermediate monomer reservoir synthetic strategy to realize the controllable growth of uniform and low-defect CsPbBr3 perovskite nanorods. Intermediates composed of CsPb2Br5 and Cs3In2Br9 are obtained through the substitution of Pb2+ with In3+ cations in the template of CsPbBr3 nanocubes and act as a precursor reservoir to gradually release monomers, ensuring both the slow growth rate and low defects of nanorods. We have used branched tris(diethylamino)phosphine as a ligand, which not only has unequal binding energies with different crystal faces to promote the orientation growth but also provides strong steric hindrance to shield the nanorods in solution. Because of minor amount of defects and an effective ligand passivation, in addition to significantly enhanced stability, the perovskite nanorods show a high photoluminescence quantum yield of up to 90% and exhibit a net mode gain of 980 cm-1, the latter being a record value among all the perovskite materials. An extremely low amplified spontaneous emission threshold of 7.5 µJ cm-2 is obtained under excitation by a nanosecond laser, which is comparable to that obtained using femtosecond lasers in other recent studies.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(12): 3465-3471, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184156

RESUMO

Herein we employed a first-principles method based on density functional theory to investigate the surface energy and growth kinetics of wurtzite nanoplatelets to elucidate why nanoplatelets exhibit a uniform thickness of eight monolayers. We synthesized a series of wurtzite nanoplatelets (ZnSe, ZnS, ZnTe, and CdSe) with an atomically uniform thickness of eight monolayers. As a representative example, the growth mechanism of 1.39 nm thick (eight monolayers) wurtzite ZnSe nanoplatelets was studied to substantiate the proposed growth kinetics. The results show that the growth of the seventh and eighth layers along the [112̅0] direction of 0.99 nm (six monolayers) ZnSe magic-size nanoclusters is accessible, whereas the growth of the ninth layer is unlikely to occur because the formation energy is large. This work not only gives insights into the synthesis of atomically uniform thick wurtzite semiconductor nanoplatelets but also opens up new avenues to their applications in light-emitting diodes, catalysis, detectors, and lasers.

7.
Nanoscale ; 11(25): 12169-12176, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197294

RESUMO

Novel materials from self-assembled nanocrystals hold great promise for applications ranging from inorganic catalysis to bio-imaging. However, because of the inherent anisotropic properties, it is challenging to assemble one-dimensional (1D) nanorods into higher-order structures (e.g. 2D sheets or 3D networks) without any support. Here, we have developed a facile strategy for the direct self-assembly of 1D nanorods into free-standing 2D nanorafts with lateral dimensions up to several micrometers. As a general approach, 2D nanorafts with diverse compositions, e.g. MgF2, WO2, CdS, ZnS, and ZnSe nanorafts, have been fabricated from the assembly of their 1D building blocks. More importantly, these nanorafts show high stability even when dispersed in different solvents, making them suitable for various applications. Because of their high porosity and strong adsorption capability, MgF2 nanorafts were investigated to illustrate the collective advantages generated from the assembly platform. Moreover, flexibility in the composition and structure of the building blocks demonstrated in this work will lead to next generation materials with rich functionalities.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanocompostos/química , Nanotubos/química
8.
Nanoscale ; 11(21): 10190-10197, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112179

RESUMO

Herein we report a nanorod couple heterostructure made of dual semiconductors, in which two parallelly aligned ZnSe nanorods are connected by the growth of ZnS on both end and side facets, producing hetero-ZnS (short arms)-ZnSe (long arms)/ZnS shell nanorod couples. As evidenced by electronic structure studies, both experimental and theoretical, such core/shell nanorod couple heterostructures can act as a platform to precisely tailor the quantum confinement of charge carriers between the constituting components within a single nano-object, generating blue fluorescence after the overgrowth of an alloyed ZnCdS layer on the heterostructures. We foresee the mechanistic insights gained and electronic structures revealed in this work would shed light on the rational design of more complex heterostructures with novel functionalities.

9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(8)2019 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013782

RESUMO

Based on a bio-heuristic algorithm, this paper proposes a novel path planner called obstacle avoidance beetle antennae search (OABAS) algorithm, which is applied to the global path planning of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Compared with the previous bio-heuristic algorithms, the algorithm proposed in this paper has advantages of a wide search range and breakneck search speed, which resolves the contradictory requirements of the high computational complexity of the bio-heuristic algorithm and real-time path planning of UAVs. Besides, the constraints used by the proposed algorithm satisfy various characteristics of the path, such as shorter path length, maximum allowed turning angle, and obstacle avoidance. Ignoring the z-axis optimization by combining with the minimum threat surface (MTS), the resultant path meets the requirements of efficiency and safety. The effectiveness of the algorithm is substantiated by applying the proposed path planning algorithm on the UAVs. Moreover, comparisons with other existing algorithms further demonstrate the superiority of the proposed OABAS algorithm.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(1)2019 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905714

RESUMO

Mobile robots are becoming more and more widely used in industry and life, so the navigation of robots in dynamic environments has become an urgent problem to be solved. Dynamic path planning has, therefore, received more attention. This paper proposes a real-time dynamic path planning method for mobile robots that can avoid both static and dynamic obstacles. The proposed intelligent optimization method can not only get a better path but also has outstanding advantages in planning time. The algorithm used in the proposed method is a hybrid algorithm based on the beetle antennae search (BAS) algorithm and the artificial potential field (APF) algorithm, termed the BAS-APF method. By establishing a potential field, the convergence speed is accelerated, and the defect that the APF is easily trapped in the local minimum value is also avoided. At the same time, by setting a security scope to make the path closer to the available path in the real environment, the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method are verified through simulative results.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(1)2018 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30585244

RESUMO

Due to the existence of time-varying chaotic disturbances in complex applications, the chaotic synchronization of sensor systems becomes a tough issue in industry electronics fields. To accelerate the synchronization process of chaotic sensor systems, this paper proposes a super-exponential-zeroing neurodynamic (SEZN) approach and its associated controller. Unlike the conventional zeroing neurodynamic (CZN) approach with exponential convergence property, the controller designed by the proposed SEZN approach inherently possesses the advantage of super-exponential convergence property, which makes the synchronization process faster and more accurate. Theoretical analyses on the stability and convergence advantages in terms of both faster convergence speed and lower error bound within the task duration are rigorously presented. Moreover, three synchronization examples substantiate the validity of the SEZN approach and the related controller for synchronization of chaotic sensor systems. Comparisons with other approaches such as the CZN approach, show the convergence superiority of the proposed SEZN approach. Finally, extensive tests further investigate the impact on convergence performance by choosing different values of design parameter and initial state.

12.
IEEE Trans Neural Netw Learn Syst ; 29(9): 4385-4397, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29990177

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel robust zeroing neural-dynamics (RZND) approach as well as its associated model for solving the inverse kinematics problem of mobile robot manipulators. Unlike existing works based on the assumption that neural network models are free of external disturbances, four common forms of time-varying disturbances suppressed by the proposed RZND model are investigated in this paper. In addition, theoretical analyses on the antidisturbance performance are presented in detail to prove the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed RZND model with time-varying disturbances suppressed for solving the inverse kinematics problem of mobile robot manipulators. That is, the RZND model converges toward the exact solution of the inverse kinematics problem of mobile robot manipulators with bounded or zero-oriented steady-state position error. Moreover, simulation studies and comprehensive comparisons with existing neural network models, e.g., the conventional Zhang neural network model and the gradient-based recurrent neural network model, together with extensive tests with four common forms of time-varying disturbances substantiate the efficacy, robustness, and superiority of the proposed RZND approach as well as its time-varying disturbances suppression model for solving the inverse kinematics problem of mobile robot manipulators.

13.
Adv Mater ; 30(39): e1803351, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30059172

RESUMO

Quasi-1D cadmium chalcogenide quantum rods (QRs) are benchmark semiconductor materials that are combined with noble metals to constitute QR heterostructures for efficient photocatalysis. However, the high toxicity of cadmium and cost of noble metals are the main obstacles to their widespread use. Herein, a facile colloidal synthetic approach is reported that leads to the spontaneous formation of cadmium-free alloyed ZnSx Se1-x QRs from polydisperse ZnSe nanowires by alkylthiol etching. The obtained non-noble-metal ZnSx Se1-x QRs can not only be directly adopted as efficient photocatalysts for water oxidation, showing a striking oxygen evolution capability of 3000 µmol g-1 h-1 , but also be utilized to prepare QR-sensitized TiO2 photoanodes which present enhanced photo-electrochemical (PEC) activity. Density functional theory (DFT) simulations reveal that alloyed ZnSx Se1-x QRs have highly active Zn sites on the (100) surface and reduced energy barrier for oxygen evolution, which in turn, are beneficial to their outstanding photocatalytic and PEC activities.

14.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 12(1): 578, 2017 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29098493

RESUMO

We demonstrate the existence of Fano resonance spectral response in a system of nanoscale plasmonic resonant ring stacked by means of a half nanoring. Our proposed scheme exploits the stacked method under normal incidence to excite the subradiant mode. The nanostructure, which utilizes the combination of Fano resonance and polarization-resolved, has a new rotation mode and high tunability, providing a dynamic control of plasmonic spectral response. High-quality resonant line shapes corresponding to the different order modes of Fano structures are readily achieved at near-infrared wavelengths, which is a benefit to the application for nanosensor in highly integrated circuits.

15.
Chemistry ; 21(41): 14608-13, 2015 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26298688

RESUMO

Ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) crystalline materials show high specific surface area (SA) of high energy (HE) facets, imparting a significant improvement in their performances. Herein we report a novel route to synthesize TiO2 nanofilms (NFs) with atomic thickness (<2.0 nm) through a solvothermal reaction mediated by the hydrogen-bonding networks constructed by hydroquinone (HQ). The resultant TiO2 NFs have nearly 100 % exposed (001) facets and give an extremely high SA up to 487 m(2) g(-1) . The synergistic effect of HQ and choline chloride plays a vital role in the formation of TiO2 NFs and in the exposure of HE (001) facets. Because of its ultrathin feature and exposed (001) facet, the N2 -annealled TiO2 NFs showed fast kinetics of lithium insertion/extraction, demonstrating foreseeable applications in the energy storage.

16.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(3): 440-3, 479, 2015 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26121870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of major depression disorder (MDD) in local teachers at an early stage post Lushan earthquake. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was undertaken, with 319 local teachers receiving diagnostic MDD assessment using MINI 14-22 d and 85-95 d after the earthquake, respectively. Possible predictive factors were identified using a self-developed questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the predictors of MDD. RESULTS: Fifteen (4. 70%) local teachers were diagnosed with MDD. Those who had an injured direct relative [odds ratio (OR) = 6. 26], with inhabitable house (OR=4. 26), and felt easy to get sad 14-20 d weeks post earthquake (OR= 11. 45) were more likely to suffer from MDD than others. An anxious emotion 14-20 d post earthquake was a protective factor (OR=0. 14) of MDD. CONCLUSION: Post earthquake MDD in local teachers deserves concerns, especially for those who have injured relatives, with an inhabitable house, and who feel easy to get sad 14-20 d post earthquake.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Desastres , Terremotos , Ansiedade , China , Docentes , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Phys Chem B ; 118(42): 12207-14, 2014 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25266968

RESUMO

Surface chemical and electrochemical techniques were applied to reveal the unfolding of bovine serum albumin (BSA) molecules induced by concentrations in aqueous solution. Real-time surface pressures vs time (π-t) kinetic curves were recorded over an aqueous subphase (190 mL) by spreading BSA solutions of different concentrations but of the same amount (8.0 × 10(-4) mg) at the air/water (A/W) interface. A critical concentration (∼1.0 ppm) was discovered below which the surface pressure declines with time and the BSA is totally solubilized in the water subphase. Above this critical concentration (e.g., 8.0 ppm), the surface pressure goes up and the protein molecules assemble into a Langmuir monolayer at the A/W interface. These findings demonstrate that the BSA molecules have different conformations in the spreading protein solutions. The conformational transition in BSA molecules induced by concentrations was also confirmed by spectroscopy means and the catalytic hydrogen evolution reaction on a silver amalgam electrode by using constant current chronopotentiometric stripping. This discovery fills in gaps of Foster's N (normal) → F (fast) model, in which the unfolding of BSA molecules occurs at neutral pH values (8.0-4.3).


Assuntos
Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Água/química , Animais , Bovinos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Proteica , Desdobramento de Proteína , Soluções
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 127(2): 264-73, 2010 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19914365

RESUMO

Sanshuibaihu decoction (SSBH) is an anti-arthritic Chinese herbal formula which has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for many years. We herein aimed to confirm its anti-arthritic effect and explore the potential mechanism of action on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in rats. CIA was induced by immunizing 50 female Wistar rats with bovine type II collagen. 13 days following the immunization rats with CIA were treated with SSBH (50mg/kg), leflunomide (LEF) (10mg/kg) and physiological saline for 30 days, and rats without CIA were left untreated. After the treatment, paw edema was obviously improved in SSBH-treated rats, with the significant difference of arthritis score (F=6.032, P=0.006) observed between the three treated groups. In pathological observation, SSBH-treated rats showed a significant improvement of inflammatory infiltration, synovial hyperplasia, cartilage and bone destruction and joint fusion. After the treatment of SSBH, radiological score of knee (t=11.504, P=0.000) and ankle joints (t=9.250, P=0.000) was decreased significantly. In situ hybridization on joint tissue section indicated only slight synovial hyperblastosis and expression of NF-kappaB in SSBH-treated rats. Image analysis indicated a significant difference of means of integrated optical density (MIOD) (F=3.956, P=0.040) and means of stained area (MSA) (F=3.867, P=0.032) of NF-kappaB between the three treated groups. MIOD and MSA of SSBH-treated group were significantly lower vs control. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed a significant difference (F=10.167, P=0.000) of the amount of p-p38 MAPKalpha in the three treated groups. The detected amount of p-p38 MAPKalpha in SSBH-treated group was significantly lower vs control. These results show SSBH has an inhibiting effect on CIA, which may be associated with NF-kappaB and p38 MAPKalpha.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Mediadores da Inflamação/uso terapêutico , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/biossíntese , NF-kappa B/biossíntese , Animais , Artrite Experimental/enzimologia , Artrite Experimental/metabolismo , Bovinos , Colágeno Tipo II/toxicidade , Feminino , Mediadores da Inflamação/antagonistas & inibidores , Mediadores da Inflamação/toxicidade , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
19.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 27(7): 945-50, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17666322

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of methanol extract of Celastrus orbiculatu (MECO) on synovial hyperplasia and cartilage erosion and degradation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and explore the possible mechanisms to provide clues for new drug development for RA treatment. METHODS: The articular synovium from patients with RA and normal articular cartilage were co-implanted into the back of severe combined immunodeficient (SCID)mice to establish the chimeric model SCID- HuRAg. Four weeks later, the mice were given MECO intragastrically at 30 mg/day, leflunomide at 500 microg/day or distilled water, respectively, for 4 consecutive weeks. After completion of the treatments, the histological scores of the grafts for synovial hyperplasia, cartilage invasion by synoviocyte and cartilage degradation around the chondrocytes were evaluated, and serum level of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was measured with radioimmunoassay. The expression of TNF-alpha mRNA and the cell apoptosis in the synovium were detected with in situ hybridization (ISH) and TUNEL, respectively, and the results were analyzed with the image analysis system. RESULTS: The grafts survived in the mice till the end of experiment. MECO and leflunomide, in comparison with distilled water, significantly lowered the scores for synovial hyperlasia (2.00+/-0.76 and 2.25+/-0.89 vs 3.63+/-0.52), cartilage erosion (1.69+/-0.80 and 2.00+/-1.36 vs 3.75+/-0.53), cartilage degradation (1.88+/-0.83 and 2.13+/-0.83 vs 3.63+/-0.74) and serum TNF-alpha level (0.84+/-0.09 and 0.83+/-0.12 vs 0.99+/-0.11 ng/ml). Cell apoptosis of the synovium increased significantly with MECO and leflunomide treatments, but the expression of TNF-alpha mRNA in the synovium decreased significantly in MECO group. CONCLUSION: MECO can effectively suppress synovial hyperplasia and cartilage erosion and degradation SCID-HuRAg mice by reducing TNF-alpha production in the synovium and promoting synovial apoptosis. MECO can be comparable with leflunomide in their effect, but the former is more effective in suppressing TNF-alpha expression in the synovium.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças das Cartilagens/tratamento farmacológico , Celastrus/química , Metanol/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Membrana Sinovial/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Doenças das Cartilagens/complicações , Doenças das Cartilagens/metabolismo , Doenças das Cartilagens/patologia , Transplante de Células , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hiperplasia/complicações , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Membrana Sinovial/transplante , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
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