Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 113
Filtrar
1.
Oncoimmunology ; 9(1): 1831153, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110706

RESUMO

Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies against the PD-L1/PD-1 (programmed death ligand-1/programmed cell death protein-1) axis have achieved great successes in cancer treatments, but the development of small-molecule immunomodulators of the pathway has lagged far behind. We established a cellular coculture assay with two stable transfectant cell lines, a PD-L1-expressing tumor cell line PC9/PD-L1 and a PD-1-expressing T cell line Jurkat/PD-1. Western blotting analyses were used to monitor the PD-L1/PD-1 interaction and signaling. We analyzed PD-L1 glycosylation by lectin binding assay and glycosidase digestion, and examined subcellular localization of PD-L1 by immunocytochemical staining. Luciferase assay and real-time PCR were used to evaluate T cell activation in the coculture experiments. We found that coculturing of the PC9/PD-L1 cells with the Jurkat/PD-1 cells induced a lysosomal degradation of PD-1. A small-molecule PD-L1 inhibitor BMS1166 developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb inhibited the coculture-induced PD-1 degradation through a unique mechanism. BMS1166 specifically affected PD-L1 glycosylation and prevented transporting of the under-glycosylated form of PD-L1 from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi, leading to accumulation of PD-L1 in ER. In doing so, BMS1166 blocked PD-L1/PD-1 signaling. Coculturing PD-L1-expressing cells with PD-1-expressing cells induced degradation of PD-1, which could be used as a readout to identify inhibitors of PD-L1/PD-1 signaling. The small-molecule PD-L1 inhibitor BMS1166 abolished the glycosylation and maturation of PD-L1 by blocking its exporting from ER to Golgi. Our study discovered a new strategy to identify inhibitors of the PD-L1/PD-1 signaling pathway and to develop new drugs for the treatment of cancer.

2.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 889: 173493, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860808

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant neoplasms of the digestive system, with China leading in terms of morbidity and mortality rates. Betulinic acid (BA) is a widely-occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid that has been reported to exhibit potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor activities. BA can combat tumors by inducing apoptosis, regulating cell cycle, and inhibiting autophagy, but its mechanism of action in the context of GC is unclear. A preliminary study found that higher expression of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) was correlated with migration in the GC cell line. In this study, BGC-823 cells and MNK45 cells were treated with BA for investigating its effect on the proliferation and migration of cells. Moreover, the expression of VASP and upstream signal molecules were also investigated in this background. The results showed BA could inhibit the proliferation and migration the GC cells. Furthermore, NF-κB acted as a transcription factor to upregulate VASP expression. Moreover, BA could downregulate the expression of VASP at the protein and mRNA level by inhibiting NF-κB activity. In conclusion, these results suggest that BA could inhibit the expression of VASP by negatively regulating NF-κB, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of the GC cells. Our study provides a theoretical basis for exploring the molecular mechanism underlying BA-induced inhibition of proliferation and migration in GC cells.

3.
Chin J Nat Med ; 18(8): 620-627, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768169

RESUMO

Platelet microparticles (PMPs) are membrane particles derived from the platelet membrane that enter into the blood circulation. We sought to explore the therapeutic effects of Tao-Hong-Si-Wu Decoction (THSWD) on angiogenesis in a rat model of cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R). The protective effect of THSWD on I/R rats was observed morphologically by immunohistochemical expression of VEGF and CD34, along with immunofluorescence results of co-expression of BrdU and vWF. Then, PMPs from different groups of rats were extracted, and cytokine array analysis was used to screen for angiogenesis associated proteins. The results showed that THSWD can promote the expression of VEGF, CD34, BrdU and vWF. Cytokine array analysis revealed the changes in the expression of 29 related angiogenic proteins in the total protein of PMPs, which involved the Notch signalling pathway. Compared with model group, the expression levels of NICD and Hes-1 in the THSWD group were significantly increased. In the context of I/R, the angiogenesis-related proteins of PMPs are different. THSWD may involve the promotion of activation of the Notch signalling pathway to achieve therapeutic effects on cerebral ischaemia.

4.
J Crit Care ; 60: 32-37, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736197

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify the epidemiological, clinical, and therapeutic features of patients with severe COVID-19. METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 681 patients with confirmed cases of severe COVID-19. The epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were collected. RESULTS: The median age of the study participants was 65 years, 53.2% were male, and 104 (15.3%) died. Age, Neutrophil-To-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), acute myocardial injury, and levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and CD3 T cells counts were independently associated with death, while arbidol and ribavirin were protective from death. The combination of NLR and acute myocardial injury on admission (AUC = 0.914) predicted mortality better than NLR, CRP, LDH, and acute myocardial injury. There were 312 (45.8%) patients with cardiovascular disease, of whom 23.4% died. ß-blockers, ACEI/ARB, arbidol, and ribavirin might have a beneficial effect for severe COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSION: The combination of NLR and acute myocardial injury on admission was highly predictive of mortality and survival. Clinicians should adopt more aggressive strategies for patients with a high NLR (>6.66) combined with myocardial injury. ß-blockers and ACEI/ARB, as well as arbidol and ribavirin, were effective in COVID-19 patients with cardiovascular disease.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(16): 16111-16125, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717722

RESUMO

Low serum testosterone level is associated with aging-related vascular stiffness, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. The Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) /Axl pathway has been proved to play important roles in cell senescence. In this study, we intend to explore whether Gas6/Axl is involved in the effect of testosterone on vascular aging amelioration. Vascular aging models of wild type and Axl-/- mice were established by natural aging. Mice of these two gene types were randomized into young group, aging group and testosterone undecanoate (TU) treatment group. Mice were treated with TU (37.9 mg/kg) in the TU group, which treated with solvent reagent served as control. The aging mice exhibited decreases in serum testosterone, Gas6 and Axl levels and an increase in cell senescence, manifested age-related vascular remodeling. Testosterone treatment induced testosterone and Gas6 levels in serum, and ameliorated cell senescence and vascular remodeling in aging mice. Furthermore, we uncover the underlying molecular mechanism and show that testosterone treatment restored the phosphorylation of Akt and FoxO1a. Axl knockout accelerated cell senescence and vascular remodeling, and resisted the anti-aging effect of testosterone. Testosterone might exert a protective effect on vascular aging by improving cell senescence and vascular remodeling through the Gas6/Axl pathway.

6.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 160(5): 238-244, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659759

RESUMO

X-linked Alport syndrome (XLAS) is a common hereditary nephropathy caused by COL4A5 gene mutations. To date, many splice site mutations have been described but few have been functionally analyzed to verify the exact splicing effects that contribute to disease pathogenesis. Here, we accidentally discovered 2 COL4A5 gene splicing mutations affecting the same residue (c.2917+1G>A and c.2917+1G>C) in 2 unrelated Chinese families. In vitro minigene assays showed that the 2 mutations produced 3 transcripts in H293T cells: one with a 96-bp deletion in exon 33, one with exon 33 skipping, and one with exon 33-34 skipping. However, fragment analysis results showed that the main splicing effects of the 2 mutations were different, the c.2917+1G>A mutation mainly activated a cryptic donor splice site in exon 33 and resulted in the deletion of 96 bp in exon 33, while the c.2917+1G>C mutation mainly caused exon 33 skipping. Our findings indicate that different nucleotide substitutions at the same residue can cause different splicing effects, which may contribute to the variable phenotype of Alport syndrome.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Colágeno Tipo IV/genética , Mutação , Nefrite Hereditária/genética , Sítios de Splice de RNA/genética , Adulto , Linhagem Celular , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Simulação por Computador , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Hematúria/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Proteinúria/genética
7.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 75(5): 475-482, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141988

RESUMO

Nitrate esters have been used in clinical practice for more than one century for the treatment of angina. Their clinical effectiveness is due to vasodilator activity in arteries through a method of delivering nitric oxide or a nitric oxide-like compound. Recently, an increasing numbers of functions of this molecule in biology and pathophysiology have been discovered. Macrophage polarization shift in epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been demonstrated to be correlated with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether nitrate esters could improve coronary atherosclerosis through inhibition of macrophage polarization shift in EAT. A case-control study enrolled 48 subjects in 2 groups: CAD patients with or without nitrate esters treatment. Infiltration of M1/M2 macrophages and the expressions of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in EAT and subcutaneous white adipose tissue were investigated by immunohistochemical stain among subjects undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The expression levels of metabolic genes were investigated by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We found that nitrate ester treatment significantly inhibited NF-кB activity and decreased macrophage infiltration and M1/M2 macrophage ratio in EAT in patients with CAD. The expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines were significantly decreased, along with significantly elevated expressions of anti-inflammatory cytokines in CAD patients with nitrate ester treatment, corresponding EAT dysfunction was ameliorated and the severity of patients with CAD (Gensini score) was significantly decreased. The protective effects on macrophage polarization and EAT function through NF-кB activity inhibition suggested a potential mechanism of nitrate esters in alleviating the severity of CAD.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Branco/efeitos dos fármacos , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Ésteres/uso terapêutico , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Nitratos/uso terapêutico , Pericárdio/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Branco/patologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericárdio/metabolismo , Pericárdio/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais
8.
J Pediatr Psychol ; 45(4): 423-433, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Families of youth with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) can face psychosocial adversity including emotional distress, functional impairments, and sociodemographic risk factors. Systematic screening of psychosocial risk can identify families who may benefit from further assessment and evidence-based care. The Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT) is a brief caregiver-report screener based on the tri-level Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM). METHODS: Findings are presented from the baseline assessment of a longitudinal study validating a Sickle Cell version of the PAT 2.0. Primary caregivers of 136 youth with SCD receiving care through a multidisciplinary SCD clinic in a children's hospital completed the PAT and validation measures. A subset of 25 caregivers completed the PAT a second time within 3-5 weeks. RESULTS: Internal consistency for the total score was strong (α = .87), and for the subscales was moderate to strong (α = .74-.94), with the exception of the Family Structure (α = .38), Caregiver Beliefs (α = .48), and Stress Reactions (α = .56) subscales. Test-retest reliability was also strong (r = .86, p < .001). Moderate to strong correlations with all except two criteria measures provided validation for the total and subscale scores. Validation measures varied significantly across the three levels of the PPPHM. CONCLUSIONS: Results provide support for the reliability and validity of the PAT in SCD. Systematic screening with the PAT can help identify families of youth with SCD at risk for psychosocial problems and potentially help connect them to appropriate services.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(10): 7273-7282, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039486

RESUMO

microRNAs may function as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes that play crucial roles in human carcinogenesis and cancer development. Growing evidence revealed that the tumor suppressor Id3 is involved in tumor progression, carcinogenesis, and the tumor microenvironment. We identified miR-212-5p as a negative posttranscriptional modulator of Id3. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify that Id3 is a direct target gene of miR-212-5p. Id3 was lowly expressed and miR-212-5p was highly expressed in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and cells. In addition, we found that NSCLC patients having a higher level of miR-212-5p expression had a shorter survival time. Besides this, miR-212-5p could directly target Id3 and reduce its expression. miR-212-5p overexpression significantly accelerated cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by reversing the effects of Id3. Id3 overexpression by silencing miR-212-5p expression suppressed phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt activity and consequently promoted apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation in lung cancer cells. Consistent with the in vitro results, a xenograft mouse model was used to validate the fact that miR-212-5p could promote tumorigenesis by targeting Id3 and activate the PI3K/Akt pathway in vivo as well. Taken together, the present results indicated that miR-212-5p may be involved in progression of NSCLC through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by targeting Id3.

10.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(21): 3054-3060, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084217

RESUMO

One new benzophenone (1) and one new 1,3-diphenylpropane (2) were obtained from the fibrous roots of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. Their structures were determined by comprehensive 1D, 2D NMR and HRESIMS data. By comparing the calculated ECD curves and OR with the experimental data the absolute configurations were determined. The antitumor activity of all isolates was evaluated against two human hepatoma carcinoma cells (HepG2 and Hep3B) in vitro. The results demonstrated that compound 1 and 2 showed potent cytotoxicity against HepG2 and Hep3B cells.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Benzofenonas/química , Benzofenonas/farmacologia , Propano/análogos & derivados , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Benzofenonas/isolamento & purificação , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas/química , Propano/química , Propano/isolamento & purificação , Propano/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
11.
Mol Cell Probes ; 49: 101473, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654732

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major causative agent of respiratory tract infection necessitating hospitalization in children. A rapid diagnostic method would facilitate early detection of RSV infection and timely implementation of special treatment. Here, a reverse transcription recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) assay combined with lateral flow dipstick (LFD) was evaluated for rapid visual detection of RSV. The primers were designed to target the conserved L gene. The RT-RPA-LFD assay could simultaneously detect RSV subtype A and B with the same detection limit of 10 copies of a given RNA molecule. Moreover, the assay showed no cross-reactivity with other common human pathogens. The performance of the RT-RPA-LFD assay was evaluated by testing 136 nasopharyngeal aspirates (NPAs). The agreement of the detection results between RT-RPA-LFD and qRT-PCR was 100% (34 positive and 102 negative cases). In summary, the developed RT-RPA-LFD assay had good performance in detecting RSV in clinical specimens, thus providing a novel alternative solution for the detection of RSV under field conditions.

12.
Toxicol Lett ; 321: 146-154, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to particulate matters (PMs) can lead to an acute exacerbation of allergic airway diseases, increasing the severity of symptoms and mortality. However, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. This study aimed to investigate the effects of PMs on acute exacerbation of allergic airway inflammation and seek potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: Non-allergic control and ovalbumin (OVA)-allergic wide-type (WT) and Toll-like receptor 2 knockout (Tlr2-/-) mice were exposed to 100 µg of PM (diameter 5.85 µm) or saline by the oropharyngeal instillation. The responses were examined three days after exposure. In the RAW264.7 macrophage cell line, Tlr2 was knocked down by small-interfering RNA or the NF-κB inhibitor JSH-23 was used, and then the cells were stimulated with PMs for 12 h before comparison of the inflammatory responses. RESULTS: PM exposure led to increased inflammatory cell recruitment and airway intensity of PAS + staining in OVA-allergic WT mice, accompanied with an accumulation of inflammatory cells and elevated inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6 and IL-18, in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Furthermore, the protein levels of TLR2 and the NLRP3 inflammasome were elevated concomitantly with the airway inflammation post-OVA/PMs challenge. Tlr2 deficiency effectively inhibited the airway inflammation, including pulmonary inflammatory cell recruitment, mucus secretion, serum OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE), and BALF inflammatory cytokine production. Additionally, the P-induced NLRP3 activation in the RAW 264.7 cell line was diminished by the knockdown of Tlr2 or JSH-23 treatment in vitro. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that PMs exacerbate the allergic airway inflammation mediated by the TLR2/ NF-κB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Inhibition of NF-κB seems to be a possible treatment.


Assuntos
Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/induzido quimicamente , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Alérgenos , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Pulmão/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Ovalbumina , Tamanho da Partícula , Células RAW 264.7 , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/genética , Hipersensibilidade Respiratória/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/deficiência , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética
13.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(2): e28051, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724814

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Family psychosocial risk in pediatric oncology can be assessed using the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (PAT), a brief parent report screener based on the Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM; universal, targeted, and clinical). However, little is known about risk over the course of treatment and its association with medical and psychosocial healthcare utilization. METHODS: Primary caregivers of children with cancer participated in this prospective multisite investigation, completing the PAT at diagnosis (T1; n = 396) and 6 months later (T2; n = 304). Healthcare utilization data were extracted from electronic health records. RESULTS: The distribution of PPPHM risk levels at T1 and T2 was highly consistent for the samples. Two-thirds of families remained at the same level of risk, 18% decreased and 16% increased risk level. Risk was not related to sociodemographic or treatment variables. The PAT risk score correlated with psychosocial contacts over the 6-month period. CONCLUSIONS: Although the majority of families reported universal (low) risk on the PAT and were stable in their risk level over 6 months, reassessing risk is helpful in identifying those families who report higher level of risk during treatment than at diagnosis. PAT scores were related to psychosocial services that are provided to most but not all families and could be tailored more specifically to match risk and delivery of evidence-based care.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(93): 14074-14077, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696869

RESUMO

We discovered that the function of cytochrome C can be modulated by DNA nanoribbons. Meanwhile, the interplay between the DNA nanoribbons and the native cytochrome C and the possible mechanisms are also discussed.


Assuntos
Citocromos c/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Nanoestruturas/química , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Animais , Catálise , Citocromos c/química , DNA/química , Guaiacol/química , Cavalos , Oxirredução , Peroxidases/química , Ligação Proteica
15.
PeerJ ; 7: e7774, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579627

RESUMO

Background: A polyphagous insect herbivore has a wide range of host plants. However, it has been found that many polyphagous herbivores commonly exhibit a strong preference for a subset of species in their broad host range, and various host biotypes exist in herbivore populations. Nutrition and secondary metabolites in plants affect herbivore preference and performance, but it is still not clear which factors determine the host range and host preference of polyphagous herbivores. Method: Cotton-melon aphids, Aphis gossypii Glover, collected from cotton and cucumber crops, were used in this study. The genetic backgrounds of these aphids were detected using microsatellite PCR and six genotypes were evaluated. Performance of these six aphid genotypes on excised leaves and plants of cotton and cucumber seedlings were examined through a reciprocal transplant experiment. In order to detect whether the feeding experience on artificial diet would alter aphid host range, the six genotypes of aphids fed on artificial diet for seven days were transferred onto cotton and cucumber leaves, and then their population growth on these two host plants was surveyed. Results: Aphids from cotton and cucumber plants could not colonize the excised leaves and intact plants of cucumber and cotton seedlings, respectively. All six genotypes of aphids collected from cotton and cucumber plants could survive and produce offspring on artificial diet, which lacked plant secondary metabolites. The feeding experience on the artificial diet did not alter the ability of all six genotypes to use their native host plants. However, after feeding on this artificial diet for seven days, two aphid genotypes from cotton and one from cucumber acquired the ability to use both of the excised leaves from cucumber and cotton plants. The two aphid genotypes from cotton conditioned by the feeding experience on artificial diet and then reared on excised cucumber leaves for >12 generations still maintained the ability to use intact cotton plants but did not establish a population on cucumber plants. However, one cucumber genotype conditioned by artificial diet and then reared on excised cotton leaves could use both the intact cotton and cucumber plants, showing that the expansion of host range was mediated by feeding experience. Conclusion: Feeding experience on artificial diet induced the expansion of host range of the cucurbit-specialized A. gossypii, and this expansion was genotype-specific. We speculated that feeding on a constant set of host plants in the life cycle of aphids may contribute to the formation of host specialization.

16.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(10)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597378

RESUMO

Sulfur is an essential nutrient that can be converted into utilizable metabolic forms to produce sulfur-containing metabolites in plant. Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (APS) reductase (APR) plays a vital role in catalyzing the reduction of activated sulfate to sulfite, which requires glutathione. Previous studies have shown that the C-terminal domain of APR acts as a glutathione-dependent reductase. The crystal structure of the C-terminal redox domain of Arabidopsis APR1 (AtAPR1) shows a conserved α/ß thioredoxin fold, but not a glutaredoxin fold. Further biochemical studies of the redox domain from AtAPR1 provided evidence to support the structural observation. Collectively, our results provide structural and biochemical information to explain how the thioredoxin fold exerts the glutaredoxin function in APR.

17.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3649-3660, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485619

RESUMO

The main purpose of the present study was to recognize the integrative genomics analysis of hub genes and their relationship with prognosis and signaling pathways in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The mRNA gene expression profile data of GSE38129 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included 30 ESCC and 30 normal tissue samples. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between ESCC and normal samples were identified using the GEO2R tool. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses were performed to identify the functions and related pathways of the genes. The protein­protein interaction (PPI) network of these DEGs was constructed with the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes and visualized with a molecular complex detection plug­in via Cytoscape. The top five important modules were selected from the PPI network. A total of 928 DEGs, including ephrin­A1 (EFNA1), collagen type IV α1 (COL4A1),  C­X­C chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2), adrenoreceptor ß2 (ADRB2), P2RY14, BUB1B, cyclin A2 (CCNA2), checkpoint kinase 1 (CHEK1), TTK, pituitary tumor transforming gene 1 (PTTG1) and COL5A1, including 498 upregulated genes, were mainly enriched in the 'cell cycle', 'DNA replication' and 'mitotic nuclear division', whereas 430 downregulated genes were enriched in 'oxidation­reduction process', 'xenobiotic metabolic process' and 'cell­cell adhesion'. The KEGG analysis revealed that 'ECM­receptor interaction', 'cell cycle' and 'p53 signaling pathway' were the most relevant pathways. According to the degree of connectivity and adjusted P­value, eight core genes were selected, among which those with the highest correlation were CHEK1, BUB1B, PTTG1, COL4A1 and CXCR2. Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis in The Cancer Genome Atlas database for overall survival (OS) was applied among these genes and revealed that EFNA1 and COL4A1 were significantly associated with a short OS in 182 patients. Immunohistochemical results revealed that the expression of PTTG1 in esophageal carcinoma tissues was higher than that in normal tissues. Therefore, these genes may serve as crucial predictors for the prognosis of ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transcriptoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais
18.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 6815-6827, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440080

RESUMO

Purpose: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) become increasingly relevant to tumor progression. This study aims to evaluate (a) methods of TILs assessment and (b) their prognostic significance in gastric cancer (GC). Methods: The percentage of stromal TILs (psTIL) was reported semi-quantitatively by H&E evaluation. Herein, we screened two independent cohorts of breast cancer (n=240) and GC (n=481) for psTIL characterization. Correlations between psTIL and clinic-pathological features, as well as overall survival (OS) were further explored. Additionally, the prediction role of psTIL in GC was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. Results: TILs could be demonstrably distinguished from other stromal areas and surrounding tumor nests according to the assessment method. More importantly, it is reproducible, easily to determine, and quickly performed. In GC, a two-grade scale for psTIL was appropriate to be divided into low and high subgroups by using the median value of 10% as the threshold. High psTIL was correlated with no serosa invasion, earlier TNM stage and better survival state (P<0.05 for all), and identified as a favorable prognostic factor both by univariate (HR: 0.734, P=0.047) and multivariate analyses (HR: 0.722, P=0.030). A beneficial OS of high psTIL was found in a linear manner with increasing TILs infiltrates associated with improved survival by Kaplan-Meier survival curve (P=0.030) and ROC analysis (AUC: 0.432, P=0.012). Conclusion: TILs provide a reproducible method for assessment that can potentially be used to guide management. The parameter psTIL could be served as an independent, favorable prognostic factor of GC.

19.
J Cancer ; 10(14): 3214-3223, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289592

RESUMO

Background: Nimotuzumab is a humanized anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibody that has shown preclinical and clinical anticancer activity in cerebral glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We conducted a phase II, single-arm, multicenter clinical trial to evaluate the benefit of adding nimotuzumab to current standard chemo-radiotherapy for patients with GBM with positive EGFR expression. Methods: Newly diagnosed patients with histologically proven single supratentorial GBM and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) positive expressions were recruited. All patients were treated with nimotuzumab, administered once a week intravenously for 6 weeks in addition to radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide after surgery. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary objectives included objective response rate (ORR) and toxicity. Results: A total of 39 patients were enrolled and 36 patients were evaluated for efficacy. The ORR at the end of RT was 72.2%. Median OS and PFS were 24.5 and 11.9 months. The 1-year OS and PFS rates were 83.3% and 49.3%. The 2-year OS and PFS rates were 51.1% and 29.0%. O (6)-methylquanine DNA methyl-tranferase (MGMT) expression is known to affect the efficacy of chemotherapy and status of its expression is examined. No significant correlation between treatment outcomes and MGMT status was found. Most frequent treatment-related toxicities were mild to moderate and included constipation, anorexia, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and leucopenia. Conclusions: Our study show that nimotuzumab in addition to standard treatment is well tolerable and has increased survival in newly diagnosed GBM patients with EGFR positive expression.

20.
Talanta ; 202: 230-236, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171175

RESUMO

Rapid and non-destructive detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with no disruption of their functions is of great significance for clinical tumor therapy. However, many existing methods for CTC detection commonly rely on conventional three-color immunofluorescence identification, which damages CTCs and easily causes loss of cells. Here, we employed a method to simultaneously capture and authenticate CTCs based on immunonanocomposites (ZnS:Mn2+ QDs and Fe3O4/SiO2) equipped with permanent fluorescent and magnetic properties. A multifunctional nanocomposite was synthesized by encapsulating ZnS:Mn2+ quantum dots (QDs) and Fe3O4 nanoparticles into SiO2 nanospheres and bio-conjugating tumor-specific anti-EpCAM antibodies onto the surface. The resulting nanocomposite had a high tumor cell binding ability, and the Fe3O4 nanoparticles had a rapid magnetic response that enabled capture of circulating tumor cells from patients' blood within minutes. In addition, the cell-immunonanocomposites complexes could be directly recognized by the yellow-orange light emitted by the ZnS:Mn2+ quantum dots, thus labeling cells without utilizing the complicated and destructive procedures involved in traditional CTCs identification. We successfully achieved a high capture efficiency of up to 90.8%, and the specific fluorescence labeling of CTCs was realized in 9 clinical breast cancer patients' samples. Furthermore, this simple, convenient and cell-friendly approach is significant for solving the problems of cell viability and enables non-destructive CTC detection, which marks an advance in cancer treatment and clinical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Manganês/química , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sulfetos/química , Compostos de Zinco/química , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA