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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 603-608, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018184

RESUMO

ß2-Microglobulin (ß2M), a component of the major histocompatibility complex class I molecule, is associated with aging-related cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Although upregulation of ß2M is considered to be highly related to ischemic stroke, the specific role and underlying mechanistic action of ß2M are poorly understood. In this study, we established a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. We found that ß2M levels in the cerebral spinal fluid, serum, and brain tissue were significantly increased in the acute period but gradually decreased during the recovery period. RNA interference was used to inhibit ß2M expression in the acute period of cerebral stroke. Tissue staining with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride and evaluation of cognitive function using the Morris water maze test demonstrated that decreased ß2M expression in the ischemic penumbra reduced infarct volume and alleviated cognitive deficits, respectively. Notably, glial cell, caspase-1 (p20), and Nod-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome activation as well as production of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α were also effectively inhibited by ß2M silencing. These findings suggest that ß2M participates in brain injury and cognitive impairment in a rat model of ischemic stroke through activation of neuroinflammation associated with the NLRP3 inflammasome.

2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 973418, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36132151

RESUMO

Background: The use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in resectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) patients is controversial. High-risk patients are more likely to benefit from NAC despite its hepatotoxic effects. Since patients with a high tumor burden receive NAC more frequently, previous retrospective studies have imbalanced baseline characteristics. The results of randomized controlled trials are still pending. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of NAC in resectable CRLM patients with high clinical risk scores (CRS) proposed by Fong et al. after balancing baseline characteristics by propensity score matching (PSM). Methods: Resectable CRLM patients with high CRS (3-5) undergoing hepatectomy between January 2003 and May 2021 were retrospectively studied. Patients were divided into the NAC and the upfront surgery group. Survival outcomes and surgical outcomes were compared after PSM. Results: The current study included 322 patients with a median follow-up of 40 months. After one-to-two PSM, patients were matched into the upfront surgery group (n = 56) and the NAC group (n = 112). Baseline characteristics were balanced after matching. There was no difference in long-term progression-free survival (PFS), while overall survival (OS) from the initial diagnosis was improved in the NAC group (P = 0.048). Postoperative hospital stays were shorter in the NAC group (P = 0.020). Surgical outcomes were similar, including major hepatectomy rate, intraoperative ablation rate, blood loss, operative time, perioperative blood transfusion, positive surgical margin, and postoperative intensive care unit stay. In multivariable analysis, RAS mutation, maximum tumor diameter≥3cm, and no NAC were independent risk factors for OS. The 1-year PFS in the NAC group was improved, although it failed to reach a statistical difference (P = 0.064). Conclusions: NAC could improve OS in resectable CRLM patients with high CRS (3-5) and have a shorter postoperative hospital stay.

3.
Environ Pollut ; 313: 120090, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064055

RESUMO

Studies have demonstrated that arsenic (As) induces male reproductive injury, however, the mechanism remains unknown. The high levels of arsenic (3) methyltransferase (As3MT) promote As-induced male reproductive toxicity. For As-exposed mice, the germ cells in seminiferous tubules and sperm quality were reduced. Exposure to As caused lower S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and 5-methylcytosine (5 mC) levels, histone and DNA hypomethylation, upregulation of long interspersed element class 1 (LINE1, or L1), defective repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs), and the arrest of meiosis, resulting in apoptosis of germ cells and lower litter size. For GC-2spd (GC-2) cells, As induced apoptosis, which was prevented by adding SAM or by reducing the expression of As3MT. The levels of LINE1, affected by SAM content, were involved in As-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, folic acid (FA) and vitamin B12 (VB12) supplements restored SAM, 5 mC, and LINE1 levels and blocked impairment of spermatogenesis and testes and lower litter size. Exposed to As, mice with As3MT knockdown showed less impairment of spermatogenesis and testes and greater litter size compared to As-exposed wild-type (WT) mice. Thus, the high As3MT levels induced by As consume SAM and block histone and LINE1 DNA methylation, elevating LINE1 expression and evoking impairment of spermatogenesis, which causes male reproductive damage. Overall, we have found a mechanism for As-induced male reproductive damage, which provides biological insights into the alleviation of reproductive injury induced by environmental factors.

4.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139932

RESUMO

Third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC), particularly strains producing extended-spectrum ß-lactamases (ESBLs), are a global concern. Our study aims to longitudinally assemble the genomic characteristics of CREC isolates from fecal samples from an index patient with recurrent CREC-related urinary tract infections and his family and swabs from his home environment 12 times between 2019 and 2021 to investigate the distribution of antibiotic resistance genes. CREC identified using the VITEK 2 were subjected to nanopore whole-genome sequencing (WGS). The WGS of 27 CREC isolates discovered in 137 specimens (1 urine, 123 feces, and 13 environmental) revealed the predominance of ST101 and ST131. Among these sequence types, blaCTX-M (44.4%, n = 12) was the predominant ESBL gene family, with blaCTX-M-14 (n = 6) being the most common. The remaining 15 (55.6%) isolates harbored blaCMY-2 genes and were clonally diverse. All E. coli isolated from the index patient's initial urine and fecal samples belonged to O25b:H4-B2-ST131 and carried blaCTX-M-14. The results of sequence analysis indicate plasmid-mediated household transmission of blaCMY-2 or blaCTX-M-55. A strong genomic similarity was discovered between fecal ESBL-producing E. coli and uropathogenic strains. Furthermore, blaCMY-2 genes were widely distributed among the CREC isolated from family members and their home environment.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: WHO Group I pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive, debilitating disease. Previous observational studies have demonstrated that pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) reduces pulmonary arterial pressures in PAH. However, the safety and effectiveness of PADN have not been established in a randomized trial. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the treatment effects of PADN in Group I PAH patients. METHODS: WHO Group I PAH patients not taking PAH-specific drugs for at least 30 days were enrolled in a multicenter, sham-controlled single-blind, randomized trial. Patients were assigned to receive PADN plus a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE-5i) or a sham procedure plus a PDE-5i. The primary endpoint was the between-group difference in the change in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) from baseline to 6 months. RESULTS: Among 128 randomized patients, those treated with PADN compared with sham had a greater improvement in 6MWD from baseline to 6 months (mean adjusted between-group difference 33.8 m, 95% CI, 16.7 to 50.9, p<0.001). From baseline to 6 months PVR was reduced by -3.0 ± 0.3 Wood units after PADN and -1.9 ± 0.3 Wood units after sham (adjusted difference -1.4, 95% CI -2.6 to -0.2). PADN also improved right ventricular function, reduced tricuspid regurgitation and decreased NT-proBNP. Clinical worsening was less (1.6% vs. 313.8%; OR 0.11 , 95% CI 0.01 to 0.87) and a satisfactory clinical response was greater (57.1% vs. 32.3%; OR 2.79 , 95% CI 1.37 to 5.82) with PADN treatment during 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with WHO Group I PAH, PADN improved exercise capacity, hemodynamics and clinical outcomes during 6-month follow-up. (ClinicalTrials.gov number: NCT03282266).

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129875, 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067554

RESUMO

Although iron-based metal-organic frameworks (Fe-MOFs) have displayed the photocatalytic activity, there is still abundant room for improving their photocatalytic performance through tuning the structures. In this work, four novel iron-based metal-organic frameworks (Fe-MOFs) were successfully synthesized via ligand modulation for better photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction, in which MTBDC-TPT-Fe had the highest catalytic activity (MTBDC = 2,5-bis(methylthio)terephthalic acid, TPT = 2,4,6-tri(4-pyridyl)- 1,3,5-triazine). The boosted photocatalytic reduction may be mainly ascribed to the enhanced electron push-pull effect between iron-oxygen clusters and organic ligands. The introduction of -SCH3 groups can enhance the light absorption and donate electrons to iron center under visible-light irradiation, meanwhile the separation and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers can be enhanced resulting from the electron-pulling effect when introducing TPT. Moreover, enhanced specific surface areas and positive skeleton charge due to the introduction of TPT may improve active sites exposure and Cr(VI) adsorption, thereby enhancing photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction activity without the presence of any assisted scavengers. In addition, the photocatalytic mechanism (i.e. active species) were also studied and presented. This work confirmed an effective structure-performance regulation strategy on Fe-MOFs for photocatalytic Cr(VI) reduction.

7.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 190: 11-23, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087542

RESUMO

Underground infection of Fusarium oxysporum resulted in great yield losses in chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat.) industry. However, the effect of F. oxysporum root disease on the terpenes production in above- and below-ground parts of plant is completely unexplored. The aim of this study was to investigate the systematic impact of Fusarium infection underground on the terpene production in aboveground parts of chrysanthemum. Terpene production in above- and below-ground parts was profiled in a time series of post-inoculation by GC-MS. Total terpenes were significantly induced from roots and leaves of Fusarium-infected versus healthy plants. These terpenes included monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and diterpenes, in which sesquiterpenes were primarily induced in roots and leaves, while monoterpenes were produced only in leaves. Through transcriptome analysis, 8 differentially expressed terpene synthase genes (TPSs) were screened out. The relative expression levels of 8 TPS genes at different developmental stage and tissues indicated the spatial delay of the TPS genes in leaves. The induced terpenes from roots and leaves showed consistency with the expression pattern of TPS genes. The biochemical function of Cm-j-TPS1/2/7 were verified by enzymatic assay. Additionally, it's found that the content of salicylic acid (SA) in root and leaf significantly increased by F. oxysporum infection, suggesting a role of the SA signaling pathway in defense. Together, these results reveal the defense response of above- and below-ground parts of plants to root fungal attack and provide a theoretical basis for the effective prediction and control of F. oxysporum infection in chrysanthemum.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 975367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110847

RESUMO

The CCL2-CCR2 axis is one of the major chemokine signaling pathways that has received special attention because of its function in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Numerous investigations have been performed over the past decades to explore the function of the CCL2-CCR2 signaling axis in cardiovascular disease. Laboratory data on the CCL2-CCR2 axis for cardiovascular disease have shown satisfactory outcomes, yet its clinical translation remains challenging. In this article, we describe the mechanisms of action of the CCL2-CCR2 axis in the development and evolution of cardiovascular diseases including heart failure, atherosclerosis and coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertension and myocardial disease. Laboratory and clinical data on the use of the CCL2-CCR2 pathway as a targeted therapy for cardiovascular diseases are summarized. The potential of the CCL2-CCR2 axis in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases is explored.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Receptores CCR2 , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo , Humanos , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
9.
Front Genet ; 13: 956866, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118886

RESUMO

Background: The association between autophagy, structural alterations of the aortic wall, and endothelial dysfunction in humans has yet to be fully elucidated. The family of ULK (UNC51-like) enzymes plays critical roles in autophagy and development. This study aimed to evaluate the association between ULK gene family members and patient age of first type B aortic dissection (TBAD) onset. Methods: The genotype data in a TBAD cohort from China and the related summary-level datasets were analyzed. We applied the sequence kernel association test (SKAT) to test the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and age of first onset of TBAD controlling for gender, hypertension, and renal function. Next, we performed a 2-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) to explore the potential causal relationship between ULK4 and early onset of TBAD at the level of gene expression coupled with DNA methylation with genetic variants as instrumental variables. Results: A total of 159 TBAD patients with 1,180,097 SNPs were included. Concerning the association between the ULK gene family and the age of first onset of the TBAD, only ULK4 was found to be significant according to SKAT analysis (q-FDR = 0.0088). From 2-sample MR, the high level of ULK4 gene expression was related to a later age of first onset of TBAD (ß = 4.58, p = 0.0214). Conclusion: This is the first study of the ULK gene family in TBAD, regarding the association with the first onset age. We demonstrated that the ULK4 gene is associated with the time of onset of TBAD based on both the SKAT and 2-sample MR analyses.

10.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 355-360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish an effective nomogram to predict the survival of heat stroke (HS) based on risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational multicenter cohort study. We analyzed patients diagnosed with HS, who were treated between May 1 and September 30, 2018 at 15 tertiary hospitals from 11 cities in Northern China. RESULTS: Among the 175 patients, 32 patients (18.29%) died before hospital discharge. After the univariate analysis, mechanical ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, maximum heart rate, lab results on day 1 (white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine), and Glasgow admission prediction score were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that invasive ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and Glasgow admission prediction score were independent risk factors for HS. The nomogram was established for predicting 7-d and 14-d survival in the training cohort. The nomogram exhibited a concordance index (C-index) of 0.880 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.831-0.930) by bootstrapping validation (B=1,000). Furthermore, the nomogram performed better when predicting 14-d survival, compared to 7-d survival. The prognostic index cut-off value was set at 2.085, according to the operating characteristic curve for overall survival prediction. The model showed good calibration ability in the internal and external validation datasets. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram, integrated with prognostic factors, was proposed; it was highly predictive of the survival in HS patients.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hippocampal alterations have been implicated in the pathophysiology of cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. The hippocampus consists of several distinct subfields, and the molecular mechanisms underlying cognition might be associated with specific hippocampal subfield volume changes. However, this has not yet been investigated in hemodialysis patients. This study aimed to explore volumetric abnormalities in hippocampal subfields in regular hemodialysis patients. METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted structural images were collected in 61 subjects including 36 hemodialysis patients and 25 healthy controls. A state-of-the-art hippocampal segmentation approach was adopted to segment the hippocampal subfields. Group differences in hippocampal subfield volumes were assessed in Python with a statsmodels module using an ordinary least squares regression with age and sex as nuisance effects. RESULTS: Hemodialysis patients had significantly smaller volumes in the bilateral hippocampus (p < 0.05/2, Bonferroni corrected), CA (cornu ammonis) 1, CA4, granule cell and molecular layer of the dentate gyrus, hippocampus-amygdala-transition-area and molecular layer of the hippocampus than healthy controls (p < 0.05/24, Bonferroni corrected). Hemodialysis patients also had lower volumes in the left hippocampal tail and right fimbria than healthy controls (p < 0.05/24, Bonferroni corrected). Hippocampal subfield volumes were associated with neuropsychological test scores, the duration of disease and hemoglobin levels. CONCLUSIONS: We found smaller hippocampal subfield volumes in hemodialysis patients, which were associated with impaired cognition, supporting their role in memory disturbance in the hemodialysis population. However, multiple clinical factors may have confounded the results, and therefore, the interpretation of these results needs to be cautious.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101936

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The pivotal efficacy study assessed efficacy and safety of GSK's AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccine in Chinese women aged 18-25 years up to 6 years. The present extension study, performed 4 years later, offered AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccination to placebo recipients. Vaccine safety and its long-term protective effect were assessed at Year 10. METHODS: All 6051 women who received AS04-HPV-16/18 or the placebo during the initial study (NCT00779766) were invited to phase III/IV, open-label, partially controlled extension Year 10 study (NCT03629886). Placebo recipients were offered three-dose AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccination and followed up over 12 months to assess the safety. Cervical samples from all women were examined. Vaccine efficacy (VE) against incident infections and cytological lesions associated with HPV-16/18 and other oncogenic types was assessed as exploratory objective. RESULTS: Among 3537 women (out of 6051) enrolled in the extension study, 1791 women (mean age 32.7 years; standard deviation 1.8 years) received AS04-HPV-16/18 and reported no serious adverse events, potential immune-mediated diseases, or adverse pregnancy outcomes related to vaccination. Among 6051 women, VE against incident HPV-16, -18, and -16/18 infections up to Year 10 was 82.8% (95% confidence interval: 72.5-89.7), 79.8% (64.5-89.2), and 80.8% (72.4-87.0), respectively. VE against HPV-16/18 ASC-US+, CIN1+, and CIN2+ was 92.7% (82.2-97.7), 94.8% (67.4-99.9), and 90.5% (34.6-99.8), respectively. CONCLUSION: AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccine showed an acceptable safety profile in Chinese women vaccinated at age 26 years or above, and a long-term protection similar to other efficacy trials worldwide.

13.
Eur J Radiol ; 156: 110516, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115129

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adult skeletal age estimation is an active research field. To evaluate the performance of a pubic CT radiomics-based machine learning model for estimating age, we established a multiple linear regression model based on radiomics and machine learning methods. METHODS: A total of 355 subjects were enrolled in this retrospective study from August 2016 to August 2021, and divided into a training cohort (N = 325) and a testing cohort (N = 30). Computerized texture analysis of the semi-automatically segmentation was performed and 107 texture features were extracted from the regions. Then we used univariate linear regression and multivariate stepwise regression to assess correlations of texture parameters with age. The most vital features were used to make the best predictive model. Eventually, the established radiomics model was tested with an additional 30 patients. RESULTS: Clinical characteristics include age, sex, height, weight and BMI were not statistically significant different between training and testing cohort (p = 0.098-0.888). Through a multivariate regression analysis using stepwise regression, six texture parameters were found to have significant correlations with age. The regression formula estimating the age was constructed. CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics model using machine learning is considered as a new approach forage estimation frompubic symphysis CT features.Digital osteology is obtained in a non-invasive way so that it can be an ideal collection for anthropological studies.

14.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128872

RESUMO

Tiller angle is one of the most important agronomic traits and one key factor for wheat ideal plant architecture, which can both increase photosynthetic efficiency and greatly enhance grain yield. Here, a deacetylase HST1-like (TaHST1L) gene controlling wheat tiller angle was identified by the combination of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and bulked segregant analysis (BSA). Ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS)-mutagenized tetraploid wheat lines with the premature stop codon of TaHST1L exhibited significantly smaller tiller angles than the wild type. TaHST1L-overexpressing (OE) plants exhibited significantly larger tiller angles and increased tiller numbers in both winter and spring wheat, while TaHST1L-silenced RNAi plants displayed significantly smaller tiller angles and decreased tiller numbers. Moreover, TaHST1L strongly interacted with TaIAA17 and inhibited its expression at the protein level, and thus possibly improved the content of endogenous auxin in the basal tissue of tillers. The transcriptomics and metabolomics results indicated that TaHST1L might change plant architecture by mediating auxin signal transduction and regulating endogenous auxin levels. In addition, a 242-bp insertion/deletion (InDel) in the TaHST1L-A1 promoter altered transcriptional activity and TaHST1L-A1b allele with the 242-bp insertion widened the tiller angle of TaHST1L-OE transgenic rice plants. Wheat varieties with TaHST1L-A1b allele possessed the increased tiller angle and grain yield. Further analysis in wheat and its progenitors indicated that the 242-bp InDel possibly originated from wild emmer and was strongly domesticated in the current varieties. Therefore, TaHST1L involved in the auxin signaling pathway showed the big potential to improve wheat yield by controlling plant architecture.

15.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 925018, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147342

RESUMO

Sirolimus (SRL) is a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor. The whole blood concentration of SRL is routinely monitored to tailor dosage and prevent toxicity. Currently, the enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT) is often applied to perform therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of SRL, but the cross-reactivity with various metabolites is of great concern. A more specific method is required, such as liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). However, no study on the method comparison of the EMIT and LC-MS/MS for the measurement of whole blood SRL concentration in children with vascular anomalies has been reported. This study developed a simple and sensitive LC-MS/MS assay for the determination of SRL. Meanwhile, consistency between LC-MS/MS and the EMIT was evaluated by linear regression and Bland-Altman analysis. Whole blood samples were deproteinized with methanol for erythrocyte lysis, and the resulting solution was injected into the LC-MS/MS system using the positive electrospray ionization mode. The multiple reaction monitoring transitions of m/z 931.7 → 864.6 and m/z 934.7 → 864.6 were used for SRL and SRL-d3 as the internal standards, respectively. The analytes were separated on a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase (0.1 mM formic acid and 0.05 mM ammonium acetate in methanol/ultrapure water). Blood samples collected from children with vascular anomalies undergoing SRL therapy were tested by EMIT and by LC-MS/MS. The linear range of LC-MS/MS was 0.500-50.0 ng/ml and that of the EMIT was 3.50-30.0 ng/ml. A significant positive correlation between the two assays was established with a regression equation described as [ EMIT ] = 1.281 × [ LC-MS/MS ] + 2.450 (r = 0.8361). Bland-Altman plots showed a mean concentration overestimation of 4.7 ng/ml [95% CI: (-3.1, 12.6)] and a positive bias of 63.1% [95% CI: (-36.1, 162.3)] generated by the EMIT more than that of by LC-MS/MS. In conclusion, the two methods were closely correlated, indicating that switching between the two methods is feasible. Considering the overestimation nature of the EMIT assay, switching from the EMIT to the LC-MS/MS method deserves close attention and necessary re-evaluation for the target therapeutic reference range, may be required when methods are switched within the same clinical laboratory or results are compared between different laboratories.

16.
Front Chem ; 10: 965891, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118310

RESUMO

Liquid metal-based electronic devices are attracting increasing attention owing to their excellent flexibility and high conductivity. However, a simple way to realize liquid metal electronics on a microscale without photolithography is still challenging. Herein, the wettability and adhesion of liquid metal are controlled by combining the stirring method, femtosecond laser microfabrication, and sacrificial layer assistant. The adhesive force of liquid metal is dramatically enhanced by adjusting its oxidation. The wetting area is limited to a micro-pattern by a femtosecond laser and sacrificial layer. On this basis, a high-resolution liquid metal printing method is proposed. The printing resolution can be controlled even less than 50 µm. The resultant liquid metal pattern is applied to electronic skin, which shows uniformity, flexibility, and stability. It is anticipated that this liquid metal printing method will hold great promise in the fields of flexible electronics.

17.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 968559, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060773

RESUMO

The avian leukemia virus causes avian leukemia (AL), a severe immunosuppressive disease in chickens (ALV). Since the 1990s, the diversity of ALV subpopulations caused by ALV genome variation and recombination, and the complexity of the infection and transmission, with currently no effective commercial vaccine and therapeutic for ALV, has resulted in severe economic losses to the chicken business in various parts of the world. Therefore, as a key means of prevention and control, an effective, rapid, and accurate detection method is imperative. A new real-time reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay for ALV with rapid, highly specific, low-cost, and simple operational characteristics have been developed in this study. Based on the amplification of 114 base pairs from the ALV P12 gene, real-time RT-RAA primers and a probe were designed for this study. The lowest detection line was 10 copies of ALV RNA molecules per response, which could be carried out at 39°C in as fastest as 5 min and completed in 30 min, with no cross-reactivity with Marek's disease virus, avian reticuloendothelial virus, Newcastle disease virus, infectious bronchitis virus, infectious bursal disease virus, infectious laryngotracheitis virus, and avian influenza virus. Furthermore, the kappa value of 0.91 (>0.81) was compared with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for 44 clinical samples, and the coefficients of variation were within 5.18% of the repeated assays with three low-level concentration gradients. These results indicate that using a real-time RT-RAA assay to detect ALV could be a valuable method.

18.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 929789, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062144

RESUMO

Background: Aging is associated with cognitive decline, increased risk for dementia, and deterioration of brain function. Modifiable lifestyle factors (e.g., exercise, meditation, and social interaction) have been proposed to benefit memory and brain function. However, previous studies have focused on a single exercise modality or a single lifestyle factor. Consequently, the effect of a more comprehensive exercise program that combines multiple exercise modalities and lifestyle factors, as well as examines potential mediators and moderators, on cognitive function and brain health in late middle-aged and older adults remains understudied. This study's primary aim is to examine the effect of a multi-domain exercise intervention on memory and brain function in cognitively healthy late middle-aged and older adults. In addition, we will examine whether apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotypes, physical fitness (i.e., cardiovascular fitness, body composition, muscular fitness, flexibility, balance, and power), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) moderate and mediate the exercise intervention effects on memory and brain function. Methods: The Western-Eastern Brain Fitness Integration Training (WE-BFit) is a single-blinded, double-arm, 6-month randomized controlled trial. One hundred cognitively healthy adults, aged 45-70 years, with different risks for Alzheimer's disease (i.e., ApoE genotype) will be recruited and randomized into either a multi-domain exercise group or an online educational course control group. The exercise intervention consists of one 90-min on-site and several online sessions up to 60 min per week for 6 months. Working memory, episodic memory, physical fitness, and BDNF will be assessed before and after the 6-month intervention. The effects of the WE-BFit on memory and brain function will be described and analyzed. We will further examine how ApoE genotype and changes in physical fitness and BDNF affect the effects of the intervention. Discussion: WE-BFit is designed to improve memory and brain function using a multi-domain exercise intervention. The results will provide insight into the implementation of an exercise intervention with multiple domains to preserve memory and brain function in adults with genetic risk levels for Alzheimer's disease. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT05068271.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 978600, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052124

RESUMO

Tetrandrine (Tet), derived from the traditional Chinese herb Fangji, is a class of natural alkaloids with the structure of bisbenzylisoquinoline, which has a wide range of physiological activities and significant pharmacfological effects. However, studies and clinical applications have revealed a series of drawbacks such as its poor water solubility, low bioavailability, and the fact that it can be toxic to humans. The results of many researchers have confirmed that chemical structural modifications and nanocarrier delivery can address the limited application of Tet and improve its efficacy. In this paper, we summarize the anti-tumor efficacy and mechanism of action, anti-inflammatory efficacy and mechanism of action, and clinical applications of Tet, and describe the progress of Tet based on chemical structure modification and nanocarrier delivery, aiming to explore more diverse structures to improve the pharmacological activity of Tet and provide ideas to meet clinical needs.

20.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 5: 1365-1378, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092021

RESUMO

In recent years, organic chromium (III) supplements have received increasing attentions for their low toxicity, high bioavailability and wide range of health-promoting benefits. This study aimed to investigate the preventive effects of chromium (III)-enriched yeast (YCr) on high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFHFD)-induced hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia in mice, and further clarify its mechanism of action from the perspective of intestinal microbiomics and liver metabolomics. The results indicated that oral administration of YCr remarkably inhibited the aberrant elevations of body weight, blood glucose and lipid levels, hepatic cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels caused by HFHFD. Liver histological examination showed that oral YCr intervention inhibited HFHFD induced liver lipid accumulation. Besides, 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing showed that YCr intervention was beneficial to ameliorating intestinal microbiota dysbiosis by altering the proportion of some intestinal microbial phylotypes. Correlation-based network analysis indicated that the key intestinal microbial phylotypes intervened by YCr were closely related to some biochemical parameters associated with glucose and lipid metabolism. Liver metabolomics analysis revealed that dietary YCr intervention significantly regulated the levels of some biomarkers involved in purine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, citrate cycle, pyrimidine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, and so on. Moreover, dietary YCr intervention regulated the mRNA levels of key genes associated with glucose, cholesterol, fatty acids and bile acids metabolism in liver. These findings suggest that dietary YCr intervention has beneficial effects on glucose and lipid metabolism by regulating intestinal microbiota and liver metabolic pathway, and thus can be served as a functional component to prevent hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.

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